Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 3.269
Filtrar
3.
Am J Nurs ; 120(8): 50-55, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32732482

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Writing for publication in peer-reviewed journals is one of the most important types of writing that nurses engage in. It is essential for advancing the nursing profession, health care organizations, and individual nurses. Despite its importance, however, the rate of publication remains very low among nurses. At one large academic medical center, a baseline assessment of dissemination practices found a low publication rate. To address this, an evidence-based writing-for-publication program was designed to support professional dissemination of scholarly work. METHODS: A 12-week workshop was designed and writers were matched with a mentor. The workshop started with a four-hour kickoff session on the process of getting published, including choosing a journal, querying an editor, drafting a manuscript, and working with coauthors. Participants also began developing an outline for their manuscript. Drafts were due to the mentor every four weeks for editing and feedback. At the end of the 12 weeks a wrap-up session was held for participants to read each other's manuscripts and give peer feedback. OUTCOMES: As of this writing, five cohorts have completed the program, and 89 nurses participated. Twenty-nine manuscripts were completed and submitted to peer-reviewed journals; of these, 22 (76%) were accepted, four (14%) are still under review, and three (10%) were recommended for submission to a different journal. Among the 89 nurse participants, 84% reported being likely or very likely to write for publication again, and 96% reported improvement in their writing skills. CONCLUSIONS: Without more nurses acquiring the skills to engage in writing for publication, the body of advancing knowledge that drives clinical decision-making may wane as aging, experienced nurse authors leave the profession. To protect the future of nursing, a continuous commitment to developing nurse authors across all generations is necessary. Nursing leaders and health care organizations must commit to ensuring novice nurse authors are provided with the resources to engage in disseminating knowledge.


Assuntos
Enfermagem Baseada em Evidências , Pesquisa em Enfermagem , Editoração/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Mentores , Revisão dos Cuidados de Saúde por Pares , Estados Unidos
5.
Ann R Coll Surg Engl ; 102(8): 625-631, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32777931

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Healthcare faces growing challenges. With reports of diminishing research output from the UK and Ireland in the leading surgical journals, this study aimed to ascertain whether this trend had been echoed in the trauma and orthopaedic literature. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Citable research output from the 10 globally leading trauma and orthopaedic journals was analysed from five individual years, over a 20-year period, to ascertain trends in absolute output, geographical mix, and level of evidence. RESULTS: The overall number of published articles fell by 14.5%. North America saw the greatest decline (-8.0%), followed by Japan (-5.6%) and Europe (-3.3%). The UK and Ireland (+2.9%) and the rest of the world (+13.9%) saw rising output. A decline in lower (levels IV and V) and a rise in higher (levels I, II and III) quality evidence was observed. The UK and Ireland had a greater proportion of higher-quality studies than North America and Japan, but lower than Europe and the rest of the world. The impact factor of the leading journal rose from 4.47 to 7.01. DISCUSSION: The research landscape has evolved, with leading journals placing greater emphasis on higher-quality evidence. UK and Irish research output remains stable, contributing 14% of the most highly cited publications in 2018, and challenging North America's dominance with a greater proportion of level I and II evidence in the leading journals. CONCLUSION: With the growing emergence of Europe and the rest of the world, UK and Irish authors must build upon the region's output despite political challenges such as Brexit. Increasing international collaboration will continue to play an important role.


Assuntos
Fator de Impacto de Revistas , Cirurgiões Ortopédicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Editoração/estatística & dados numéricos , Pesquisa Biomédica/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Irlanda , Reino Unido
7.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0236927, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32780771

RESUMO

Although the peer review system of academic journals is seen as fundamental to scientific achievement, a major threat to the validity of the system is a potential evaluation bias resulting from constraints at the journal level. In this study, we examine how the time pressure to maintain a fixed periodical quota for journal publication can influence a journal editor's decision to accept or reject a paper at any given point in time. We find that an increase in publication backlog, proxied as the average delay between paper acceptance and print publication, is correlated with an increase in the subsequent rejection rates of new submissions. Our findings suggest that time pressures inherent in the peer review system may be a source of potential evaluator bias, calling for a need to reconsider the current quota system.


Assuntos
Editoração/estatística & dados numéricos , Fator de Impacto de Revistas , Modelos Estatísticos , Revisão por Pares , Fatores de Tempo
9.
Dermatol Online J ; 26(3)2020 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32609444

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The population of the U.S. is becoming more diverse every year. The field of dermatology is not following the same trend. OBJECTIVE: To assess the promotion of diversity in the field of dermatology by analyzing publications focused on diversity, compared to other specialties. METHODS: The PubMed database was systematically searched to identify publications focused on diversity from January 2008 to July 2019. The search criteria were as follows: dermatology/radiology/ophthalmology/ anesthesiology/orthopedic surgery/family medicine/ internal medicine/general surgery AND diversity/ diverse/racial/race/ethnic/ethnicity/cultural/culture/competency/competence. Comparisons were made using single-factor ANOVA and two-group t-tests. A qualitative analysis was performed for publications in the field of dermatology. RESULTS: From January 2016 to July 2019, there were 25 publications focused on diversity in dermatology (Mean=6.25, SD=2.06), compared to 6 in radiology (Mean=1.50, SD=1.29, P=0.01), two in ophthalmology (Mean=0.50, SD=0.58, P=0.01), two in anesthesiology (Mean=0.50, SD=1.00, P=0.01), 12 in orthopedic surgery (Mean=3.00, SD=1.41, P=0.04), 23 in family medicine (Mean=5.75, SD=2.22, P=0.75), 9 in internal medicine (Mean=2.25, SD=1.71, P=0.02), and 7 in general surgery (Mean=1.75, SD=0.50, P=0.02). CONCLUSIONS: Although the field of dermatology has suffered from a lack of racial/ethnic diversity, efforts to promote diversity via increased publications in the last four years have been stronger in dermatology compared to many other fields.


Assuntos
Bibliometria , Grupos de Populações Continentais , Diversidade Cultural , Dermatologia , Grupos Étnicos , Editoração/estatística & dados numéricos , Mão de Obra em Saúde , Humanos , Medicina
10.
Acta Biomed ; 91(9-S): 34-39, 2020 07 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32701915

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE WORK: To reflect on content, trends and quality of scientific publishing on COVID-19. In particular, to report on the systematic screening, quantitative assessment and critical appraisal of the first 10,000 scientific papers published on COVID-19 and to compare how scientific outputs matched identified research priorities and public health needs. METHODS: A comprehensive research strategy was developed to systematically retrieve on a daily basis all studies published on COVID-19. From included studies we extracted: bibliometric parameters, country of studies' implementation and study design. We assigned papers to 25 a priori defined COVID-19-related topics and we described scientific outputs in relation to countries' academic publishing ranking, as well as COVID-19 burden. RESULTS: 10,000 scientific articles were published on COVID-19 between 20th January and 7th May 2020,  accounting for 2.3% of total scientific production over the study period. One third (33%) focused on COVID-19 clinical management, with little adherence to identified research priorities.   Over sixty per cent of papers were opinion pieces not reporting original data. Papers were published on 1881 different journals but with half of scientific production included in 8% of journals. The US accounted for one fourth of total scientific production, followed by China (22.2%) and Italy (9%). CONCLUSIONS: Never before in the history of academic publishing such a great volume of research focused on a single topic, this being likely to introduce major changes in the way science is produced and communicated, at the risk of  bringing it far from its ultimate aim: informing clinical and public health practice and decision making.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Bibliometria , Infecções por Coronavirus , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Editoração/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos
12.
S Afr Med J ; 110(4): 302-307, 2020 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32657742

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The recent amendment to the Health Professions Council of South Africa (HPCSA) Form 57 MED allows specialist registration on publication of the compulsory MMed research assignment in an accredited journal. No data exist on the conversion rate of MMed dissertations to publication. OBJECTIVES: To establish conversion rates of MMed dissertations to accredited publications. Associated variables arising from the publishing exercise were also investigated. METHODS: A total of 309 MMed dissertations, submitted between 1996 and 2017, were downloaded from the public domain. Each dissertation was recorded as to format, submission year, awarding university and clinical discipline. Electronic searches determined publication outcomes. Journal title, accreditation status, year of publication, registrar position on author ranking and publication type were extracted for each output. Descriptive analysis was undertaken and, where appropriate, Fisher's exact test at p>0.05 was used to establish statistical significance. RESULTS: A total of 116 dissertations were published at an overall conversion rate of 37.5%, culminating in 136 outputs. Publication-ready dissertations had a significantly higher conversion rate (60.3%) than monographs (30.5%) (p>0.0001). All but 6 of the 80 publishing journals were accredited. SAMJ was the journal of choice for 13% of papers. The registrar was the first author in the majority of publications. In the case of monographs, 66% were published after dissertation submission compared with 50% of publication-ready formats. CONCLUSIONS: Conversion of the South African MMed dissertation into a journal-accredited scientific article was achieved in 60.3% of publication-ready-format submissions, suggesting that the HPCSA amendment facilitating specialist registration is attainable. Retrospective reviews of dissertations provide valuable insights to improve understanding of the contentious issue of the registrar research requirement that permits specialist registration.


Assuntos
Dissertações Acadêmicas como Assunto , Educação Médica , Política de Saúde , Editoração/estatística & dados numéricos , Especialização , Acreditação , Definição da Elegibilidade , Humanos , Publicações Periódicas como Assunto , Estudos Retrospectivos , África do Sul
15.
In Vivo ; 34(3 Suppl): 1613-1617, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-528713

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: To evaluate the research trends in coronavirus disease (COVID-19). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A bibliometric analysis was performed using a machine learning bibliometric methodology. Information regarding publication outputs, countries, institutions, journals, keywords, funding and citation counts was retrieved from Scopus database. RESULTS: A total of 1883 eligible papers were returned. An exponential increase in the COVID-19 publications occurred in the last months. As expected, China produced the majority of articles, followed by the United States of America, the United Kingdom and Italy. There is greater collaboration between highly contributing authors and institutions. The "BMJ" published the highest number of papers (n=129) and "The Lancet" had the most citations (n=1439). The most ubiquitous topic was COVID-19 clinical features. CONCLUSION: This bibliometric analysis presents the most influential references related to COVID-19 during this time and could be useful to improve understanding and management of COVID-19.


Assuntos
Bibliometria , Infecções por Coronavirus , Aprendizado de Máquina , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , China , Bases de Dados Bibliográficas , Humanos , Disseminação de Informação , National Institutes of Health (U.S.) , Editoração/estatística & dados numéricos , Pesquisa/estatística & dados numéricos , Apoio à Pesquisa como Assunto , Estados Unidos
16.
EMBO Rep ; 21(6): e50817, 2020 06 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-526747

RESUMO

Pre-print servers have helped to rapidly publish important information during the COVID-19 pandemic. The downside is the risk of spreading false information or fake news though.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Editoração , Publicações Seriadas , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Decepção , Humanos , Internet , Revisão por Pares , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Editoração/normas , Editoração/estatística & dados numéricos , Publicações Seriadas/normas
17.
EMBO Rep ; 21(6): e50817, 2020 06 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-560371

RESUMO

Pre-print servers have helped to rapidly publish important information during the COVID-19 pandemic. The downside is the risk of spreading false information or fake news though.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Editoração , Publicações Seriadas , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Decepção , Humanos , Internet , Revisão por Pares , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Editoração/normas , Editoração/estatística & dados numéricos , Publicações Seriadas/normas
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA