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1.
Ned Tijdschr Tandheelkd ; 128(1): 53-58, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Holandês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33449057

RESUMO

In a consensus meeting (September 2019) of the three Dutch and the two Flemish dental schools their current education programmes on gerodontology were presented and discussed. The aim was to examine if these programmes were in line with the most recent (inter)national guidelines, such as those of the European College of Gerodontology and the recently introduced Dutch framework Oral Health Care (2020). Therefore, the competences regarding the domain of gerodontology were analysed to assess if students were prepared adequately to meet the oral health care needs of the ageing population. In the consensus meeting a new set of competences was formulated together with a new outline for the gerodontology-programme applicable for the Dutch and Flemish dental schools.


Assuntos
Educação Continuada em Odontologia , Faculdades de Odontologia , Currículo , Educação em Odontologia , Humanos , Estudantes
2.
Ned Tijdschr Tandheelkd ; 127(9): 473-480, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Holandês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33011752

RESUMO

The practical training in dental schools in the Netherlands is largely organised within the walls of the educational institution, while many other medical educational programmes provide practical training to a large extent in the professional environment. The external practical internship is a form of practical learning with which positive experience has been gained in foreign dental schools, both by students and dentist-supervisors. The Dutch dental schools have a joint plan to set up practical internships in dental practices for master's students in the final year of their education. The aim of such an internship is that students in the last phase of their programme learn to apply the acquired knowledge and skills in an actual professional environment. This includes both clinical and dental treatment and the ability to organise oral health care for patients and everything that comes with it. This article describes the outline of this programme.


Assuntos
Internato e Residência , Currículo , Educação em Odontologia , Educação Continuada em Odontologia , Humanos , Países Baixos , Paladar
3.
Eur J Dent Educ ; 24(3): 375-380, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32052542

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of the periodontal continuing educational delivery mode via a periodontal alliance. METHODS: An innovative continuing educational delivery mode via a periodontal alliance has been conducted using a periodontal alliance of 30 hospitals in 18 provinces of China. This delivery mode integrates several instructional methods, including lectures, case presentations, and interactive question and answer sessions, all of which were conducted through online platforms. The effectiveness of the mode was evaluated via a questionnaire that was administered to the participants. The questionnaire consisted of 13 closed-ended questions and 2 open-ended questions. RESULTS: Of the 450 participants, 343 (76%) returned the questionnaire. Of the returned surveys, more than 92% provided positive feedback regarding the instructional methods of the program, stating that the techniques helped them study more efficiently and saved them time and money. More than 85% of the participants were satisfied with the instructional content and more than 90% of the participants considered the educational value of the program to be high, as it helped them identify gaps in knowledge, promoted their ability to establish treatment plans, and encouraged them to network with one another and thereby establish a supportive environment. With respect to the responses to the open-ended questions, the participants claimed that the most useful aspects of the program were related to time and cost savings. The most frequent feedback with respect to improving the program was to include hands-on courses and to divide the program into different levels. CONCLUSIONS: The participants responded positively to the program. The periodontal alliance delivery mode was determined to be an effective way to improve the quality of continuing dental education.


Assuntos
Educação Continuada em Odontologia , Educação em Odontologia , China , Humanos , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Inquéritos e Questionários
4.
J Dent Educ ; 84(1): 72-80, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31977090

RESUMO

Despite ample opportunity, dental professionals frequently fall short of connecting tobacco-using patients with effective cessation support, often citing lack of training as a barrier. To inform development of training options, the aim of this study was to quantify the preferences of practicing dental hygienists and dentists in California for continuing dental education (CDE) offerings related to tobacco and patient tobacco cessation. Two statewide surveys of California dental hygienists and dentists were conducted. In addition to providing their own and their practice characteristics, in a discrete choice experiment, participants indicated their preferences between pairs of randomly generated hypothetical tobacco cessation CDE offerings that differed in topic, cost, delivery modality, and duration. Ultimately, 641 dental hygienists (20.5% of the total invited minus those with undeliverable emails, n=3,129) and 654 dentists (8.5% of the total invited minus those with undeliverable emails, n=7,669) responded to at least one of the discrete choice items, and their responses were analyzed. The results showed that each CDE attribute was independently associated with preference. Cost and topic were more strongly associated with preference than were delivery modality and duration. Lower cost, shorter duration courses were generally favored. Alternative tobacco products and patient communication were the most popular topics for participating dental hygienists and dentists, respectively. CDE preferences differed according to participant characteristics: live webinars were the least preferred modality for more experienced dental professionals, and shorter courses were not preferred by dentists in non-urban locations. These findings showed that these dental professionals considered multiple attributes in selecting CDE courses. To reach the broadest audience, CDE providers should offer low-cost options across a range of delivery modalities, such as full-day workshops in rural areas and online webinars for earlier career professionals.


Assuntos
Higienistas Dentários , Abandono do Uso de Tabaco , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , California , Odontólogos , Educação Continuada em Odontologia , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários
5.
Braz. dent. sci ; 23(4): 1-6, 2020. tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1121563

RESUMO

Objective: this questionnaire aimed to evaluate the approval of a new pictograph system for endodontic diagnosis by undergraduate and graduate students/endodontist instead of a conventional method. Methods: after a presentation to a total of 224 participants explaining the pictograph system, the participants (166 undergraduate students and 58 graduate students/endodontist) received a standardized questionnaire with three questions. The data were analyzed using the mult prop macro basing on Tukey's test for multiple comparison with (P ≤ 0.05). The first question was to define the education level of the participants; the second question about which diagnosis method is preferred; and the third question about the intention of using one of the methods in the future. The questionnaire was realized in May 2019. The response rate was 97.7%. Results: the first question showed that 74.10% and 25.90% were under graduate and graduate students/endodontist respectively. After statistical analysis there was no significant difference between the groups in the second and the third questions. In the second question (71.08% and 62.06%) of undergraduate and graduate student/endodontists respectively preferred the pictograph method over the conventional method. In the third question (60.24% and 51.72%) of undergraduate and graduate student/endodontists respectively showed interest in using the pictograph method in their professional career. Conclusion: the pictograph method in endodontic diagnosis is accepted by the majority of undergraduate and graduate students/endodontists. Training and experience affect the diagnosis making. (AU)


Objetivo: este questionário teve como objetivo avaliara aprovação de um novo sistema de imagem para diagnóstico endodôntico por estudantes de graduação e pós-graduação/endodontista, em vez de um método convencional. Métodos: após uma apresentação a um total de 224 participantes explicando o sistema de pictograma, os participantes (166 estudantes de graduação e 58 de pós graduação/endodontista) receberam um questionário padronizado com três perguntas. Os dados foram analisados usando a macro multi propósito baseada no teste de Tukey para comparação múltipla com (P ≤ 0,05). A primeira pergunta foi definir o nível de escolaridade dos participantes; a segunda pergunta sobre qual método de diagnóstico é preferido; e a terceira pergunta sobre a intenção de usar um dos métodos no futuro. O questionário foi realizado em maio de 2019. A taxa de resposta foi de 97,7%. Resultados: a primeira pergunta mostrou que 74,10% e 25,90% eram estudantes de graduação e pós-graduação / endodontista, respectivamente. Após análise estatística, não houve diferença significativa entre os grupos na segunda e na terceira questões. Na segunda questão (71,08% e 62,06%) dos estudantes de graduação e pós-graduação / endodontistas, respectivamente, preferiram o método de pictograma ao método convencional. Na terceira questão (60,24% e 51,72%) dos estudantes de graduação e pós-graduação /endodontistas, respectivamente, demonstraram interesse em utilizar o método de pictograma em sua carreira profissional. Conclusão: o método do pictograma no diagnóstico endodôntico é aceito pela maioria dos estudantes de graduação e pós-graduação / endodontistas. Treinamento e experiência afetam a elaboração do diagnóstico (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Educação Continuada em Odontologia , Endodontia
6.
Acta odontol. Colomb. (En linea) ; 10(Supl. Covid-19): 10-20, 20200000.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1141071

RESUMO

La pandemia por COVID-19 y las medidas de distanciamiento social para mitigar su propagación han provocado una disrupción social generalizada, cuyos impactos son amplios dentro de las instituciones de educación superior y entornos de aprendizaje. Docentes e instituciones de todo el mundo se han visto obligados a replantear sus propuestas educativas, implementando formas alternativas en el proceso enseñanza-aprendizaje. Al respecto de estas transformaciones, este artículo de reflexión discute la experiencia en la formación y enseñanza de la cirugía oral en tiempos de COVID-19 y el papel de la educación virtual como medida emergente ante esta situación. La educación de los odontólogos en las actuales circunstancias exige una adaptación de los programas académicos, en donde algunos de sus componentes teóricos y prácticos podrán ser impartidos desde la virtualidad y la simulación, sin olvidar, que, para la formación clínica continúa siendo esencial la actividad quirúrgica en situaciones reales.


The COVID-19 pandemic and social distancing measures to mitigate its spread have caused widespread social disruption with major impacts within higher education institutions and learning environments. Teachers and institutions around the world have been forced to rethink their educational proposals, implementing alternative forms in the teaching-learning process. In response to this, this reflection article discusses the experience in the training and teaching of oral surgery in times of COVID-19 and the role of virtual education as an emergent measure in this educational situation. The education of dentists in the current circumstances requires an adaptation of academic programs, where some of its theoretical and practical components could be taught from virtuality and simulation, without forgetting that surgical activity continues to be essential for clinical training in real situations.


Assuntos
Humanos , Infecções por Coronavirus , Educação Continuada em Odontologia , Cirurgia Bucal , Ensino , Adaptação , Docentes
9.
J Dent Educ ; 83(10): 1166-1173, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31182622

RESUMO

Drug-induced deaths have been accelerating over the last two decades. The aim of this study was to determine if states with high opioid-induced deaths and overall drug-induced deaths were more likely to have continuing education (CE) requirements related to opioid use/pain management than states with fewer opioid-induced deaths. Almost 200 state dental and medical law boards' websites were examined for CE requirements, license renewal periods, and CE requirements for opioid use/pain management in December 2018 and January 2019. Drug-induced death data were obtained from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention online database. States were categorized into quartiles of opioid-induced deaths per 100,000 population. A similar categorization was created for all drug-induced deaths. The results showed that states in the second, third, and fourth quartiles of opioid-induced deaths were more likely to have dental boards requiring opioid use/pain management CE than states in the first quartile in dentistry. This pattern was not the case with the medical boards' requirements. Dentists and physicians in states with higher all drug-induced deaths per 100,000 population were as likely to be required to attend opioid use/pain management CE as dentists and physicians in states with lower opioid-induced deaths. Although many licensing boards require opioid use/pain management CE in relation to their opioid-induced death rates, there is a need for policies to increase education in substance use disorders to reduce the number of drug-induced deaths.


Assuntos
Analgésicos Opioides/uso terapêutico , Educação Continuada em Odontologia/normas , Licenciamento em Odontologia , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Opioides/mortalidade , Higiene Bucal/educação , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Humanos , Manejo da Dor/normas , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
10.
Clin Exp Dent Res ; 5(2): 121-127, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31049214

RESUMO

The aims of this study were to investigate the knowledge, attitude, and practice of dentists in Upper Egypt with regard to oral cancer (OC). Out of 1,200 licensed dental practitioners list, 424 dentists were randomly selected from three governorates in Upper Egypt (Minia, Assuit, and Sohag). The sample size was calculated using the equation considering the knowledge of dentists about OC, confidence level, and margins of error; then, an additional number of dentists were added to guard against nonresponse. Data were collected by face-to-face interview using 44 items divided into four sections; first part demonstrates sociodemographic. The second part concerned with the knowledge about OC clinical presentation and diagnosis (12 multiple-choice questions) as well as its risk factors (17 close-end questions). The third part consists of six questions focused on the practice of participants, and finally, the last part measures attitude of dentists. The chi-square test was used to compare between the two or more proportions. A correlation was used for describing the relationship or association between two mutually numerical dependent variables. p < 0.05 was considered to indicate significance. Rate of response was 94.3%. The overall knowledge level in the current study was 31.8%. The awareness about OC risk factors was high especially, smoking tobacco and alcohol consumption. Also, over 80% of dentists identified family history and human papillomavirus (HPV) as risk factors. Only 37.5% of participants performed regular screening of oral mucosa, and 26.5% reported lymph-node examination. Regarding attitude, only one quarter of dentists attended continuing educating programs about OC. A statistically significant relation (p < 0.0001) between knowledge level and most demographic variables was detected. There was a fair positive correlation (r = 0.47) between practice and knowledge scores. A predominant trouble among dentists in Upper Egypt was regarding OC knowledge and practice. Continues education and training programs are highly recommended.


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Competência Clínica , Odontólogos , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/estatística & dados numéricos , Educação Continuada em Odontologia/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias Bucais , Padrões de Prática Odontológica/estatística & dados numéricos , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço , Adulto , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas , Egito , Feminino , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/diagnóstico , Humanos , Linfonodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mucosa Bucal , Neoplasias Bucais/diagnóstico , Infecções por Papillomavirus , Exame Físico/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores de Risco , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/diagnóstico , Fumar Tabaco , Adulto Jovem
12.
Indian J Dent Res ; 30(1): 21-26, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30900651

RESUMO

Context: Traumatic dental injuries (TDIs) leading to dental avulsion occur very frequently in society. Management of avulsion is critical for the dentist, as it requires appropriate knowledge. Aim: The study was conducted to evaluate the knowledge of the general dental practitioners (GDPs) regarding the emergency management of TDI leading to avulsion in children. Setting and Design: Questionnaire-based cross-sectional survey design was utilized to assess the knowledge. Subjects and Methods: Data for this cross-sectional survey were collected through questionnaires from July to September 2014. A total of 278 GDP were contacted and requested to fill a pretested questionnaire to assess the knowledge regarding tooth avulsion. The GDPs were grouped on the basis of their educational qualification and years of clinical experience. Statistical Analysis Used: Chi-square test was used for intra- and inter-group comparison. Results: A total of 224 (80.57%) GDPs consented to participate in the survey. Markedly low knowledge levels were noted in the sample irrespective of educational qualification and years of experience with respect to replantation of the avulsed primary tooth, holding the root instead of the crown, choice of appropriate storage medium for transportation of avulsed teeth, use of medications, and splinting type and time. Clinical experience and higher educational qualification of GDPs revealed statistical significant difference in the methods of management for TDI leading to avulsion. Conclusion: Higher professional education and added clinical experience were associated with better knowledge in the management of TDI leading to avulsion. The finding warrants the need for informative educational programs to update and boost the knowledge of practicing dentists regarding emergency management of avulsed teeth.


Assuntos
Competência Clínica , Odontólogos , Conhecimento , Avulsão Dentária/etiologia , Avulsão Dentária/terapia , Traumatismos Dentários/complicações , Traumatismos Dentários/terapia , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Odontólogos/psicologia , Educação Continuada em Odontologia , Emergências , Humanos , Índia , Inquéritos e Questionários
13.
Eur J Dent Educ ; 23(1): 54-61, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30358024

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To study general dental practitioners (GDPs) ability to detect calcified carotid artery atheromas (CCAAs) in panoramic radiographs (PRs) and if their diagnostic accuracy in long term is improved after a short training programme. METHODS: Fourteen GDPs had their diagnostic accuracy regarding CCAA in PR assessed at baseline, 2 weeks and 1 year after training. Comparison was made with a reference standard based on consensus results from two experienced oral and maxillofacial radiologists. At each session, 100 radiographs were assessed individually by the GDPs. After the baseline assessment, the GDPs participated in a 2-hour training programme comprising a lecture and diagnostic training by calibration. The GDPs results before and after training were compared, as well as between follow-up sessions. RESULTS: A significant improvement in diagnostic accuracy was observed with increased sensitivity (from 41.8% to 55.7%, P = 0.02) without a significant decrease in specificity (from 87.2% to 86.7%, P = 0.87). The Kappa values also increased (from 0.66 to 0.71, P = 0.04). At 1-year follow-up, the improvement compared to baseline remained significant. There were no significant changes between the 2-week and 1-year follow-up assessment. CONCLUSION: A short training programme can significantly and sustainable improve GDPs diagnostic accuracy regarding CCAA.


Assuntos
Artérias Carótidas/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças das Artérias Carótidas/diagnóstico por imagem , Competência Clínica , Currículo , Odontólogos , Educação Continuada em Odontologia/métodos , Avaliação Educacional , Placa Aterosclerótica/diagnóstico por imagem , Radiografia Dentária , Radiografia Panorâmica , Calcificação Vascular/diagnóstico por imagem , Seguimentos , Humanos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Fatores de Tempo
14.
Cranio ; 37(4): 238-245, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29431599

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the knowledge, attitudes toward, and aspects of clinical practice regarding obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) among Lithuanian dentists. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out during the period from December 2016 to March 2017. A survey instrument was designed and pilot tested prior to full-scale administration. Self-administered questionnaires, including a cover letter, were distributed to 550 dentists during continuing dental education programs. Results: A total of 353 participants (64.2%) completed and returned the questionnaire. Increased years of experience were significantly associated with lesser knowledge about OSA (p < 0.05). However, there were no significant differences between general practitioners and specialists (p = 0.243). Most respondents indicated strong positive attitudes regarding OSA. The majority did not have any clinical experience regarding the management of OSA patients. Discussion: Development of additional education and practical implementation strategies should be considered in order to overcome the examined barriers.


Assuntos
Odontólogos/psicologia , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Padrões de Prática Odontológica , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/terapia , Estudos Transversais , Educação Continuada em Odontologia , Feminino , Humanos , Lituânia , Masculino , Fatores de Risco , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/diagnóstico , Inquéritos e Questionários , Fatores de Tempo
15.
Dent Clin North Am ; 63(1): 97-117, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30447795

RESUMO

The motivation for teaching evidence-based practice is that, through the use of high-quality clinically relevant evidence, clinicians will make rationale decision that optimally improve patient health outcomes. Achieving that goal requires clinicians who are able to answer patient care-relevant clinical questions efficiently, which means that they must be able rapidly to retrieve, assess, and apply evidence of direct relevance to their patients. Educational programs designed to accomplish this vary in their effectiveness. This article reviews the evidence on educational approaches that may be beneficial when developing educational programs for both dental students and practicing dentists.


Assuntos
Educação em Odontologia , Prática Clínica Baseada em Evidências/educação , Ensino , Competência Clínica , Currículo , Tomada de Decisões , Odontólogos/educação , Educação Continuada em Odontologia , Odontologia Baseada em Evidências/educação , Humanos , Sistemas On-Line , Faculdades de Odontologia , Estudantes de Odontologia
16.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 18: e191636, jan.-dez. 2019. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1095339

RESUMO

Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate knowledge and attitudes regarding potentially malignant oral lesions and oral cancer among undergraduate dental students with or without training in the oral medicine. Methods: A cross-sectional study was undertaken to assess all undergraduate dental student (1st to 5th year) in two private universities in the state of Paraná, Brazil. A structured questionnaire about knowledge regarding potentially malignant oral lesions, continuing education, and different approaches to diagnosis was administered to dental students with or without training in the oral medicine discipline between May and July 2015. Descriptive statistics were obtained, and the data were analyzed using a chi-square test to compare knowledge in dental students. Results: A total of 662 undergraduate dental students were invited to participate, and the response rate was 97.6% (n = 646). Of the responders, 472 were female (73.1%), 168 were male (26.0%), and 6 did not declare what sex they were (0.9%). Undergraduate dental students who had previously studied oral medicine tended to report that they always perform complete intraoral examination (76.3%) and identified alcohol (87%) and tobacco consumption (97%) and sun exposure (80%) as major risk factors for developing oral cancer. While students who had not yet studied oral medicine poorly identified these factors. Students who had previously studied the discipline did not identify cheilitis actinica (26%) and erythroplakia (32%) as potentially malignant lesions. Only, 32.6% of dental students participate in continuing education during the past year. Conclusions: Dental students trained in the oral medicine discipline exhibited satisfactory knowledge necessary for the prevention and early identification of potentially malignant oral lesions and oral cancer. Continuing education during undergraduate and after academic training is very important


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Estudantes de Odontologia , Neoplasias Bucais , Medicina Bucal , Conhecimento , Educação Continuada em Odontologia
17.
Rev. ABENO ; 19(3): 153-162, 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1048175

RESUMO

Building the rationale to critically appraise scientific evidence on the best approach for each patient requires incorporating the Evidence-Based Dentistry (EBD) model, preferably into undergraduate dental courses. This approach would favor the diffusion of EBD culture amongst dental professionals. Therefore, this study aimed to characterize the relationship of dental faculty members with the EBD model. The study was conducted in 2018 with all 23 dental faculty members (100% response rate) of a community university. They responded the Evidence-Based Practice Questionnaire (EBPQ) and a set of supporting questions involving sociodemographics, search for information, proficiency of foreign languages, and perceived need for knowledge on issues related to EBD. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics. A total of 73.9% of faculty members claimed having been prepared to search for scientific evidence and 69.5% are aware of connected computer systems for research. Scientific journals, the internet, courses, and colleague opinions were the main sources of information. Reading and comprehension of foreign languages was limited to 30%. The practice and attitudes towards EBD by dental faculty members were positive, with the lowest mean value of 4.85. Knowledge and skills related to EBD had lower mean values, which coincided with a relatively high perceived need for knowledge on EBD. Dental faculty members present a positive attitude towards the EBD model, have been trained to search for scientific information and acknowledge the existence of institutional structure for applying and teaching EBD. On the other hand, knowledge and skills associated with EBD may require improvement (AU).


A construção do raciocínio para avaliar criticamente a evidência científica sobre a melhor abordagem para cada paciente requer a incorporação do modelo de Odontologia Baseada em Evidências (OBE), preferencialmente ainda no ensino de graduação. Essa abordagem favorece a difusão da cultura da OBE entre os profissionais de Odontologia. Assim, este estudo teve como objetivo caracterizar a relação de docentes de um curso de Odontologia com o modelo OBE. O estudo foi conduzido em 2018 com todos os 23 professores de uma universidade comunitária. Eles responderam o EvidenceBased Practice Questionnaire (EBPQ) e algumas perguntas complementares envolvendo fatores sociodemográficos, busca por informação, proficiência em idioma estrangeiro e necessidade percebida de conhecimento sobre aspectos relacionados à OBE. Os dados foram analisados descritivamente. Aproximadamente 74% dos professores afirmaram ter sido preparados para pesquisar por evidência científica e 69,5% reconheceram a existência de computador conectado para essa finalidade. Periódicos, internet, cursos e opinião de colegas foram as principais fontes de informação. Leitura e compreensão de idiomas estrangeiros foram limitadas a 30%. A prática e as atitudes voltadas à OBE pelos professores foram positivas, com um valor mínimo de 4,85. O conhecimento e as habilidades relacionadas à OBE tiveram valores mais baixos, que coincidiram com alta necessidade percebida de informação sobre OBE. Os professores apresentaram uma atitude positiva com relação ao modelo da OBE, foram treinados para buscar informação científica e reconhecem a estrutura institucional para fazê-lo e ensiná-lo. Por outro lado, o conhecimento e as habilidades relacionadas à OBE requerem melhorias (AU).


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Educação em Odontologia , Educação Continuada em Odontologia/métodos , Docentes de Odontologia , Odontologia Baseada em Evidências/métodos , Brasil , Epidemiologia Descritiva , Inquéritos e Questionários , Interpretação Estatística de Dados
19.
Rio de Janeiro; s.n; 2019. 49 p. tab, ilus.
Tese em Português | BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1052037

RESUMO

O objetivo desse trabalho foi avaliar uma metodologia de ensino viabilizando a qualificação profissional com vistas à melhoria de suas práticas cotidianas, onde foram acrescentados os aspectos relacionados ao planejamento, execução e avaliação dessa atividade. Vinte Cirurgiões-Dentistas, que trabalham no SUS, compareceram à Faculdade de Odontologia da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro para participar do projeto que foi dividido em duas fases, executadas no mesmo dia. Na Fase 1, os profissionais confeccionaram uma restauração em manequim com resina composta, no primeiro molar superior, uma face (classe I), de acordo com seus conhecimentos prévios. Foi utilizada a resina Vittra (FGM), com adesivo convencional de dois passos (Âmbar APS-FGM). O tempo foi cronometrado, para cada profissional foi dado uma cartela onde foi colocado o tempo de início e término da restauração. Foi aplicado um questionário de auto avaliação. Na Fase 2 (F2), foi ministrada uma aula teórica abordando os temas: sistemas adesivos e resinas compostas em dentes posteriores. Em seguida, foi realizado um Hands on, de acordo com as aulas ministradas. Foi demonstrado a confecção de uma restauração no primeiro molar superior, uma face (classe I), no qual foi usada a técnica Incremental. Nessa fase foi utilizada a resina Vittra (FGM) e o adesivo universal (Ambar Universal-FGM). Em seguida os participantes confeccionaram uma nova restauração no primeiro molar superior, uma face (classe I), de acordo com os conhecimentos adquiridos nas aulas ministradas e no Hands on. Nessa fase foi utilizada a resina composta e o adesivo usado utilizado no Hands on. O tempo foi cronometrado da mesma forma que na etapa anterior. Ao término, foi aplicado um novo questionário de auto avaliação. As restaurações foram avaliadas por dois avaliadores calibrados. Os participantes não tiveram conhecimento da referida avaliação. Concluiu-se que as atuações em educação permanente devem ser continuadas nos serviços de saúde, o que contribui desta maneira para uma formação mais qualificada, levando esses profissionais à um atendimento mais técnico, gerando assim um melhor atendimento clínico. (AU)


The objective of this study was to evaluate a teaching methodology enabling professional qualification with a view to improve its daily practices, in which aspects related to the planning, execution and evaluation of this activity were added. Twenty Dental Surgeons, who work in SUS, attended the Dental School of the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro to participate in the project, which was divided into two phases, executed on the same day. In Phase 1, the professionals made a restoration in mannequin with composite resin, in the first upper molar, one face (class I), according to their previous knowledge. Vittra resin (FGM) was used with conventional two-step adhesive (Amber APS-FGM). The time was timed, for each professional was given a placard where was placed the time of beginning and end of the restoration. A self-assessment questionnaire was applied. In Phase 2 (F2), a theoretical lecture was given addressing the themes: adhesive systems and composite resins in posterior teeth. Then, a Hands on, according to the classes taught. It was demonstrated the creation of a restoration in the upper first molar, a face (class I), in which the Incremental technique was used. Vittra resin (FGM) and universal adhesive (Ambar Universal-FGM) were used in this phase. Then the participants made a new restoration in the first upper molar, one face (class I), according to the knowledge acquired in the lessons taught and Hands on. In this phase, the composite resin and the used adhesive used in Hands on were used. The time was timed in the same way as in the previous step. At the end, a new self-assessment questionnaire was applied. The restorations were evaluated by two calibrated evaluators. Participants were not aware of this assessment. It was concluded that the actions in permanent education should be continued in the health services, which contributes in this way to a more qualified training, leading these professionals to a more technical service, thus generating a better clinical care. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Adulto , Sistema Único de Saúde , Restauração Dentária Permanente/métodos , Educação Continuada em Odontologia/métodos , Capacitação Profissional , Resinas Compostas , Avaliação Educacional/métodos
20.
Indian J Dent Res ; 29(6): 716-720, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30588997

RESUMO

Background: Removal of the microbial organisms from the root canal system is a prerequisite for the successful outcome of any root canal treatment. Use of an effective intracanal medicament will assist in the disinfection of the root canal system. Intracanal medicaments have been used to disinfect root canals between appointments and reduce interappointment pain. Materials and Methods: A questionnaire survey was conducted to evaluate the knowledge, attitude, and awareness about the principal choice of intracanal medicaments among general dental practitioners and nonendodontic specialists. The questionnaire consisted of 11 questions related to intracanal medicaments in Endodontics. It was distributed to 75 general dental practitioners and 75 other specialists (nonendodontists). Results: In the present study, the authors observed that the knowledge level among the study participants was moderately satisfying. However, the need for more education of the dentists with regard to the intracanal medicaments was perceived. Discussion: Correct knowledge of intracanal medicaments would help the practitioners to decide the apt material of choice as intracanal medicaments in different clinical situations. Conclusion: The present study highlighted the need for more continuing dental education programs with active participation of general practitioners and nonendodontic specialists to update themselves.


Assuntos
Conscientização , Odontólogos , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Irrigantes do Canal Radicular , Adulto , Antibacterianos , Hidróxido de Cálcio , Desinfetantes , Educação Continuada em Odontologia , Endodontia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tratamento do Canal Radicular , Inquéritos e Questionários
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