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1.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 25(2)maio-ago. 2021.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1252417

RESUMO

A Anatomia da região cervical é de particular importância para os clínicos e cirurgiões de diversas especialidades médicas. Em se tratando da organização nervosa presente na região anterolateral do pescoço, encontra-se o plexo cervical, formado pelos ramos anteriores dos nervos cervicais C1 a C4, cuja função é promover a sensibilidade da pele anterolateral cervical, torácica anterossuperior e do couro cabeludo posterior, na cabeça, além de controlar a musculatura infra-hióidea e diafragmática. Logo, lesões a essa estrutura nervosa e aos seus ramos podem causar graves complicações ao corpo humano. Esse trabalho objetivou utilizar a dissecção da região anterolateral do pescoço como uma ferramenta pedagógica para o estudo das relações anatômicas dos nervos do plexo cervical observados durante essa prática, assim como relatar algumas de suas importâncias clínicas e cirúrgicas. O presente estudo é caracterizado como qualitativo/descritivo. A dissecção foi realizada semanalmente, durante o segundo semestre de 2018 e o primeiro semestre de 2019, com a supervisão do professor responsável e auxílio do técnico de laboratório, no Laboratório de aulas práticas da Universidade Estadual de Londrina (UEL). Considera-se que a dissecção da região anterolateral do pescoço permitiu a visualização de diversos nervos cutâneos e musculares do plexo cervical, assim como de alguns de seus ramos e suas relações anatômicas. Também contribuiu para o conhecimento da topografia em que se encontravam tais estruturas e sua organização em camadas. Esse conhecimento anatômico é essencial para a prática médica, tanto clínica quanto cirúrgica.(AU)


The anatomy of the cervical region is of particular importance for surgeons and physicians of different medical specialties. The cervical plexus can be found in the anterolateral region of the neck, formed by the anterior branches of the cervical nerves C1 to C4, whose function is to promote the sensitivity of the cervical anterolateral skin, anterosuperior thoracic skin, and posterior scalp, on the head, in addition to controlling the infrahyoid and diaphragmatic muscles. Therefore, injuries to this nervous structure and its branches may cause serious complications to the human body. This work aimed at using the dissection of the anterolateral neck region as a pedagogical tool for the study of the anatomical relationships of the cervical plexus nerves observed during this practice, as well as to highlight some of its clinical and surgical importance. This is a qualitative/descriptive study. The dissection was performed weekly, during the second semester of 2018 and the first semester of 2019, with the supervision of the professor in charge and the assistance of the laboratory technician at the Laboratory of Practical Classes at the State University of Londrina (UEL). It is considered that the dissection of the anterolateral neck region allowed the visualization of several cutaneous and muscular nerves present in the cervical plexus. It also contributed to the knowledge of the topography in which these structures were found and their organization in layers. This anatomical knowledge is essential for both clinical and surgical medical practice.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Plexo Cervical/anatomia & histologia , Educação Médica/métodos , Anatomia Regional , Epidemiologia Descritiva , Dissecação/educação
3.
BMC Med Educ ; 21(1): 339, 2021 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34112155

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: With the strike of Covid-19, an unprecedented rapid shift to remote learning happened worldwide with a paradigm shift to online learning from an institutional adjuvant luxury package and learner choice into a forced solo choice. This raises the question of quality assurance. While some groups have already established standards for online courses, teaching and programs yet very little information is included on methodology of their development and very little emphasis is placed on the online learning experience. Nevertheless, no work has been done specifically for medical education institutions. AIM: To develop a set of descriptors for best practice in online learning in medical education utilizing existing expertise and needs. METHODS: This work utilizes a qualitative multistage approach to identify the descriptors of best practice in online learning starting with a question guided focus group, thematic analysis, Delphi technique and an expert consensus session done simultaneously for triangulation. This was done involving 32 institution in 19 countries. RESULTS: This materialized into the development of a set of standards, indicators, and development of a checklist for each standard area. The standard areas identified were organizational capacity, educational effectiveness, and human resources each of which listed a number of standards. Expert consensus sessions identified the need for qualification of data and thus the development of indicators for best practice. CONCLUSION: Standards are needed for online learning experience and their development and redesign is situational and needs to be enhanced methodologically in axes that are pertaining to the needs of the education community. Taking such axes into consideration by educators and institutions will lead to planning and implementing successful online learning activities, while taking them into consideration by the evaluators will help them conduct comprehensive audits and provide stakeholders with highly informative evaluation reports.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Educação à Distância , Educação Médica , Grupos Focais , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2
4.
Zhonghua Yi Shi Za Zhi ; 51(2): 67-74, 2021 Mar 28.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34098699

RESUMO

Lee T'ao(1901-1959),studied at Beijing National Medical Institute in 1921.He worked at the Chinese Department of Concord Medical Institute from 1928-1942. He studied medical history and taught the history of western and Chinese medicines. He finished Medical History Profile in 1940.During this period, he and Concord Medical Institute collaborated to collect Chinese medical books, therefore he became one of Chinese Medical Association. After 1946, he worked at Medical School of Beijing University (later change its name into Beijing Medical Institute), and he was professor, lead of Medical Teaching and Research Office. He also joined the Editorial department of the Chinese Journal of Medical History, and edited the list of western and Chinese medical books. He published many papers of the Chinese medical history, which had broad vision and novel viewpoint. For the teaching and research, he focused on fieldwork, and physical cultural and historical relics. He investigated and surveyed some high valuable historical relics of medicine that belonged to many of Chinese dynasties. In 1954, he also worked as a lead at the office of medical history for Chinese Central Research Institute. In 1956, he collaborated with Chen Bangxian, teaching the advanced classes for the teachers. He trained many medical history researchers and teachers.


Assuntos
Educação Médica , Medicina , Academias e Institutos , China , História do Século XX , Humanos , Masculino , Faculdades de Medicina
5.
Rev Med Chil ; 149(1): 119-127, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34106143

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Training of health care students at universities is a great challenge for Medical Education Offices. Our office made clear and explained the teaching-learning process from the perspective of teachers, programs, and students. AIM: To report a ten years' analysis of a Medical Education Office (MEO) work, describing the different processes and systematized decisions aimed to improve the quality of the programs and learning results. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A 10 years retrospective analysis of the Medical Education Office processes directed to Medicine, Nursing, Physical Therapy, and Nutrition careers of a Faculty of Medicine. Flunks between 2013 and 2017 were compared. RESULTS: A progressive reduction in flunks was observed in the four careers. Specifically, the proportion of flunks in Nutrition decreased from 30 to 9%. When comparing flunks using a Chi-square test of homogeneity in the four careers, a significant decrease in four of six courses was observed. This led to a sustained increase in number of students who completed their career and obtained their title. Specifically, in Medicine there was a 7.5-fold increase in these figures. The Diploma course trained 90% of the teachers in charge of courses of the four careers. The master's degree generated research that allowed to increase the productivity in health sciences education. CONCLUSIONS: The Office of Medical Education created knowledge and management models for the education of health sciences students, enhancing the quality of training and learning processes.


Assuntos
Currículo , Educação Médica , Docentes , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estudantes
6.
J Pak Med Assoc ; 71(5): 1476-1478, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34091638

RESUMO

This qualitative study aimed to explore medical students' experience of generation gap in their interactions with senior teachers (aged >55) in Japan. Focus group interviews were conducted with 28 medical students (20 to 30 years, mean age 22 ±2 years, classified as millennials, with only one year of studies since starting specialised courses for medicine. The participants were interviewed in groups of four, with each interview lasting 60 minutes. Topics covered included generation gap experienced in daily life and during their studies, and work-life balance issues. The discussions were recorded and transcribed, and content analysis was applied. Four specific influential generation-gap categories were identified - distinctive sociocultural backgrounds, more recent educational media tools and faster information dissemination speed, new-era values, and challenges in communication - that were consistent with findings from previous studies. More senior personnel involved in medical education need to consider these categories to enhance effectiveness of teaching.


Assuntos
Educação Médica , Estudantes de Medicina , Adulto , Grupos Focais , Humanos , Relação entre Gerações , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Adulto Jovem
7.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 57(6)2021 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34071264

RESUMO

Background and objectives: Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (ME/CFS) is a complex multi-system disease with a significant impact on the quality of life of patients and their families, yet the majority of ME/CFS patients go unrecognised or undiagnosed. For two decades, the medical education establishment in the UK has been challenged to remedy these failings, but little has changed. Meanwhile, there has been an exponential increase in biomedical research and an international paradigm shift in the literature, which defines ME/CFS as a multisystem disease, replacing the psychogenic narrative. This study was designed to explore the current UK medical school education on ME/CFS and to identify challenges and opportunities relating to future ME/CFS medical education. Materials and methods: A questionnaire, developed under the guidance of the Medical Schools Council, was sent to all 34 UK medical schools to collect data for the academic year 2018-2019. Results: Responses were provided by 22 out of a total of 34 medical schools (65%); of these 13/22 (59%) taught ME/CFS, and teaching was led by lecturers from ten medical specialties. Teaching delivery was usually by lecture; discussion, case studies and e-learning were also used. Questions on ME/CFS were included by seven schools in their examinations and three schools reported likely clinical exposure to ME/CFS patients. Two-thirds of respondents were interested in receiving further teaching aids in ME/CFS. None of the schools shared details of their teaching syllabus, so it was not possible to ascertain what the students were being taught. Conclusions: This exploratory study reveals inadequacies in medical school teaching on ME/CFS. Many medical schools (64% of respondents) acknowledge the need to update ME/CFS education by expressing an appetite for further educational materials. The General Medical Council (GMC) and Medical Schools Council (MSC) are called upon to use their considerable influence to bring about the appropriate changes to medical school curricula so future doctors can recognise, diagnose and treat ME/CFS. The GMC is urged to consider creating a registered specialty encompassing ME/CFS, post-viral fatigue and long Covid.


Assuntos
Educação Médica , Síndrome de Fadiga Crônica , Síndrome de Fadiga Crônica/diagnóstico , Síndrome de Fadiga Crônica/terapia , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida , Faculdades de Medicina
9.
Hum Resour Health ; 19(1): 64, 2021 05 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33980228

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic posed a huge challenge to the education systems worldwide, forcing many countries to provisionally close educational institutions and deliver courses fully online. The aim of this study was to explore the quality of the online education in China for international medical and nursing students from low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) as well as the factors that influenced their satisfaction with online education during the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: Questionnaires were developed and administered to 316 international medical and nursing students and 120 teachers at a university in China. The Chi-square test was used to detect the influence of participants' personal characteristics on their satisfaction with online education. The Kruskal-Wallis rank-sum test was employed to identify the negative and positive factors influencing the online education satisfaction. A binary logistic regression model was performed for multiple-factor analysis to determine the association of the different categories of influential factors-crisis-, learner-, instructor-, and course-related categories, with the online education satisfaction. RESULTS: Overall, 230 students (response rate 72.8%) and 95 teachers (response rate 79.2%) completed the survey. It was found that 36.5% of students and 61.1% of teachers were satisfied with the online education. Teachers' professional title, students' year of study, continent of origin and location of current residence significantly influenced the online education satisfaction. The most influential barrier for students was the severity of the COVID-19 situation and for teachers it was the sense of distance. The most influential facilitating factor for students was a well-accomplished course assignment and for teachers it was the successful administration of the online courses. CONCLUSIONS: Several key factors have been identified that affected the attitudes of international health science students from LMICs and their teachers towards online education in China during the COVID-19 pandemic. To improve the online education outcome, medical schools are advised to promote the facilitating factors and cope with the barriers, by providing support for students and teaching faculties to deal with the anxiety caused by the pandemic, caring for the state of mind of in-China students away from home, maintaining the engagement of out-China students studying from afar and enhancing collaborations with overseas institutions to create practice opportunities at students' local places.


Assuntos
Atitude , Educação à Distância , Educação Médica/métodos , Educação em Enfermagem/métodos , Docentes , Estudantes , Adolescente , Adulto , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Países em Desenvolvimento , Docentes de Medicina , Docentes de Enfermagem , Feminino , Humanos , Internet , Masculino , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Pandemias , Médicos , Estudantes de Medicina , Estudantes de Enfermagem , Adulto Jovem
10.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1317: 75-110, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33945133

RESUMO

Virtual learning resources (VLRs) developed using immersive technologies like virtual reality are becoming popular in medical education, particularly in anatomy. However, if VLRs are going to be more widely adopted, it is important that they are designed appropriately. The overarching aim of this study was to propose guidelines for the instructional design of VLRs for anatomy education. More specifically, the study grounded these guidelines within cognitive learning theories through an investigation of the cognitive load imposed by VLRs. This included a comparison of stereoscopic and desktop VLR deliveries and an evaluation of the impact of prior knowledge and university experience. Participants were voluntarily recruited to experience stereoscopic and desktop deliveries of a skull anatomy VLR (UNSW Sydney Ethics #HC16592). A MyndBand® electroencephalography (EEG) headset was used to collect brainwave data and theta power was used as an objective cognitive load measure. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration task load index (NASA-TLX) was used to collect perceptions as a subjective measure. Both objective and subjective cognitive load measures were higher overall for the stereoscopic delivery and for participants with prior knowledge, and significantly higher for junior students (P = 0.038). Based on this study's results, those of several of our previous studies and the literature, various factors are important to consider in VLR design. These include delivery modality, their application to collaborative learning, physical fidelity, prior knowledge and prior university experience. Overall, the guidelines proposed based on these factors suggest that VLR design should be learner-centred and aim to reduce extraneous cognitive load.


Assuntos
Educação à Distância , Educação Médica , Realidade Virtual , Escolaridade , Humanos , Crânio
11.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1317: 147-162, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33945136

RESUMO

Modern technologies are often utilised in schools or universities with a variety of educational goals in mind. Of particular interest is the enhanced interactivity and engagement offered by mixed reality devices such as the HoloLens, as well as the ability to explore anatomical models of disease using augmented and virtual realities. As the students are required to learn an ever-increasing number of diseases within a university health science or medical degree, it is crucial to consider which technologies provide value to educators and students. This chapter explores the opportunities for using modern disruptive technologies to teach a curriculum surrounding disease. For relevant examples, a focus will be placed on asthma as a respiratory disease which is increasing in prevalence, and stroke as a neurological and cardiovascular disease. The complexities of creating effective educational curricula around these diseases will be explored, along with the benefits of using augmented reality and mixed reality as viable teaching technologies in a range of use cases.


Assuntos
Realidade Aumentada , Educação Médica , Realidade Virtual , Humanos , Aprendizagem , Estudantes
13.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1318: 773-784, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33973211

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic has abruptly affected every aspect of people's daily lives worldwide. Just like every other area, the medical field has been dramatically impacted by the need to care for a large number of patients while at the same time protecting staff, patients, and their families. Changes in the wake of the pandemic called for the prompt and extensive rechanneling and re-organization of resources. The pandemic has opened challenges and concerns for patient safety, starting with the early recognition that individuals, including medical staff, may spread the virus during the asymptomatic phase. Many healthcare facilities faced resource-limited settings, including challenges in the availability of personal protective equipment for healthcare providers. Additionally, the pandemic has disrupted medical education, both at the undergraduate and at the graduate levels, and according to many predictions, its effects may forever transform the ways medical education is delivered. In this chapter, we are exploring the history of medical education, describe changes in medical education experienced during the COVID-19 pandemic, and predict some of the considerations worth taking into account when envisioning the future of medical education.


Assuntos
Educação Médica , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Pandemias/prevenção & controle
14.
Med Educ Online ; 26(1): 1917488, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33944707

RESUMO

Problem: The novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 disease (COVID-19) impacted medical learner well-being and serves as a unique opportunity to understand medical learner wellness. The authors designed a formal needs assessment to assess medical learners' perspectives regarding distress related to disrupted training environments. This Rapid Communication describes findings from a qualitative study which defined medical learner wellness and validated five wellness domains.Approach: We conducted follow-up telephone interviews to an online needs assessment survey to identify a learner definition for wellness and to validate five wellness domains, including social, mental, physical, intellectual, and occupational wellness. Using purposive and maximal variation sampling, 27 students were interviewed from July-August 2020. Thematic analysis was performed using a deductive thematic approach to qualitative analysis.Outcomes: Medical learners defined wellness as a general [holistic] sense of personal well-being - the opportunity to be and to do what they most need and value. Learners validated all five wellness domains for medical education. Learners acknowledged the need for an adoptable and adaptable holistic framework for wellness in medical education.Next steps: We recommend academic medical institutions consider learner wellness a key component of medical education to cultivate learners as a competent collective of self-reliant, scholarly experts. We encourage evaluation of wellness domains in diverse medical learner populations to identify feasible interventions potentially associated with improvements in medical learner wellness.


Assuntos
/epidemiologia , Educação Médica/organização & administração , Promoção da Saúde/organização & administração , Estudantes de Medicina/psicologia , Adulto , Comunicação , Currículo , Feminino , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto , Aprendizagem , Masculino , Saúde Mental , Determinação de Necessidades de Cuidados de Saúde , Saúde do Trabalhador , Pandemias , Pesquisa Qualitativa
15.
BMC Med Educ ; 21(1): 261, 2021 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33957904

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Role modeling has been significantly considered in medical education in recent decades. In the clinical course, students learn necessary skills and accordingly their professional identity is formed by observing and working among clinical educators. Given the importance of the role modeling in medical education, in the present study, it was attempted to explore the clinical teachers' perceptions of being a role model for medical students using a qualitative method. METHODS: A qualitative design, based on the content analysis approach, was used to analyze the perspectives of 15 clinical teachers. Participants were chosen by purposeful sampling. Data were collected using reflection paper writing. RESULTS: During the data analysis, five main categories emerged: influencing others, developing different dimensions of student, situational self-awareness, feedback and continuous effort. CONCLUSIONS: This study will be useful to form role modeling educational programs. Encouraging clinical teachers to make continuous efforts to improve role modeling and educating time management and self-control skills can help reduce the challenges of role modeling for clinical teachers.


Assuntos
Educação Médica , Estudantes de Medicina , Humanos , Aprendizagem , Percepção , Pesquisa Qualitativa
16.
BMC Med Educ ; 21(1): 271, 2021 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33980218

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Simulation is an educational method which has several modalities and applications. In the last few decades Simulation-Based Medical Education (SBME) has become a significant influence in medical education. Despite the recognized potential of simulation to be used widely in support of healthcare education, there are no studies focused on the role of simulation in teaching haematology. Moreover, the reaction level is the most commonly reported in medical education. This study evaluates, at two levels of Kirkpatrick's model, the effectiveness of incorporating SBME in teaching haematological aspects to medical students. METHODS: A total of 84 second year medical students from two cohorts received theoretical components of Haematopoietic and Immune System in 4 credits course, delivered using lecture approach. First cohort students (n = 49) participated in interactive learning tutorials to discuss clinical vignettes. Second cohort (n = 35) students participated in simulation sessions where the tutorial's clinical vignettes were developed to clinical simulation scenarios conducted in the simulation centre. The potential influence of the simulation in learning enhancement was evaluated using Kirkpatrick's Evaluation Framework. RESULTS: The students rated the simulation sessions highly and found them to be a valuable learning experience. The category performance summary, generated by the assessment platform, demonstrates improvement in the student's knowledge enhanced by the SBME. CONCLUSIONS: Adaptation of SBME in teaching haematological aspects is a feasible way to improve the student's knowledge related to the taught theoretical foundations. SBME has the potential to enhance the undergraduate medical curriculum and it is expected, in the near future, to be an increasingly recommended educational strategy to bridge the gap between theory and practice.


Assuntos
Educação de Graduação em Medicina , Educação Médica , Estudantes de Medicina , Simulação por Computador , Currículo , Humanos , Aprendizagem , Ensino
17.
BMC Med Educ ; 21(1): 285, 2021 May 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34006277

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: During the Covid-19 pandemic medical students were offered paid roles as medical student healthcare assistants. Anecdotal reports suggested that students found this experience rich for learning. Previous studies have explored alternative models of student service, however this defined medical student support role is novel. METHODS: Individual semi-structured interviews were recorded with 20 medical students at a UK medical school exploring their experiences of placement learning and experiences of working as healthcare assistants. Responses were analysed qualitatively using a framework approach. The framework was developed into a model describing key findings and their relationships. RESULTS: Interviews yielded data that broadly covered aspects of (1) Medical students' experiences of clinical placement learning (2) Medical students' experiences of working as medical student healthcare assistants (3) Learning resulting from working as a healthcare assistant (4) Hierarchies and professional barriers in the clinical environment (5) Influences on professional identity. Participants described barriers and facilitators of clinical learning and how assuming a healthcare assistant role impacted on learning and socialisation within the multidisciplinary team. Students became increasingly socialised within the healthcare team, contributing directly to patient care; the resulting social capital opened new opportunities for learning, team working and enhanced students' interprofessional identity. Students described the impact of these experiences on their aspirations for their future practice. CONCLUSIONS: Changes to work patterns in healthcare and delivery models of medical education have eroded opportunities for students to contribute to healthcare delivery and be embedded within a team. This is impacting negatively on student learning and socialisation and we suggest that medical curricula have much to learn from nursing and allied health professional training. Longitudinal embedment with a multidisciplinary team, where students have a defined role and work directly with patients may not only add value to clinical service, but also overcome current barriers to effective placement learning and interprofessional identity formation for medical students.


Assuntos
Educação Médica , Estudantes de Medicina , Estudantes de Enfermagem , Humanos , Relações Interprofissionais , Pandemias
20.
Korean J Gastroenterol ; 77(5): 205-213, 2021 05 25.
Artigo em Coreano | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34035196

RESUMO

Background/Aims: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak caused numerous social and cultural changes, but few studies focused on their effects on gastroenterology (GI) fellowship training. This study evaluated the impact of COVID-19 on GI fellowship training. Methods: A web-based questionnaire was sent out to GI fellows in Korea between 15 February and 15 March 2021. The questionnaire included questions regarding the characteristics of GI fellows, perception of COVID-19 outbreak, impact of COVID-19 outbreak, and telemedicine on the education of a GI fellowship. Results: Among 111 answers, 94 respondents were analyzed. The GI fellows were provided with sufficient information about the COVID-19 outbreak (74.7%), well educated, and provided with personal protective equipment use (74.7% and 83.9%, respectively). On the other hand, outpatient schedule and volume decreased in 25.5% and 37.8% of respondents, respectively. Moreover, endoscopy sessions and volume decreased in 51.1% and 65.6% of respondents, respectively. As a result, 78.9% of respondents were concerned that the COVID-19 outbreak adversely affected their education. Telemedicine utilization was introduced during the COVID-19 outbreak, but only 20.0% and 10.6% of respondents agreed that telemedicine has benefits from the patient's and doctor's perspectives, respectively. In addition, only 25.9% of respondents were willing to continue telemedicine if adequately reimbursed, and 68.2% of respondents were concerned that it adversely affected their education. Conclusions: The COVID-19 outbreak has adversely affected GI fellowship training in Korea for outpatient clinics, gastrointestinal endoscopy, educational conferences, and telemedicine. This study highlights that GI fellowship training needs more attention in the COVID-19 outbreak.


Assuntos
/patologia , Educação Médica/estatística & dados numéricos , Gastroenterologia/educação , Médicos/psicologia , Adulto , /virologia , Bolsas de Estudo , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Telemedicina
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