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Rev. Asoc. Méd. Argent ; 132(3): 27-33, sept. 2019. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1045895


A finales del siglo XIX e inicios del siglo XX, Baldomero Sommer realizó una decisiva contribución al conocimiento médico nacional y a los procesos de enseñanza y aprendizaje de la medicina.

During the end of the XIX century and the beginning of XX century Baldomero Sommer provided a decisive contribution of the medical knowledge national, the teaching and learning processer of medicine.

História do Século XIX , Dermatologia/educação , Dermatologia/história , Educação Médica/história , Argentina , Médicos/história , Sociedades Médicas/história
Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica ; 36(1): 116-122, 2019.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31116324


A historical account of the 30 years of the medical major of Health Management at Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos is presented. The major was created in 1988 as Comprehensive General Medicine in response to the shortage of management specialists. The name of the major remained until 1994, when it changed to Integral Medicine and Health Management to emphasize its managerial orientation. In 2002, the curricular plan was modified considering the importance of having an exclusive medical specialization in management for the health sector. The specialty is a pioneer in a gradual education in three levels: micro-management, meso-management, and macro-management. The new curricular plan allowed residents the possibility to access better rotations at public and private institutions. Since 2007, the major is labeled Health Management, and its specialists maintain their solid training that enables them to perform in the decision-making, management, administration, and operation processes of the health systems. The vision of the creators of this major is current to this day; Health Management specialists work in the different institutions of the health system, contributing their knowledge and skills, and generating an impact on the health of the Peruvian population.

Educação Médica , Administração de Serviços de Saúde , Faculdades de Medicina , Universidades , Currículo , Educação Médica/história , Administração de Serviços de Saúde/história , História do Século XX , História do Século XXI , Peru , Fatores de Tempo
J Cutan Med Surg ; 23(3): 307-318, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30999785


The specialty of dermatology is constantly changing to meet the medical needs of our society. The discipline is in flux because of a variety of factors such as growing population needs, technological advancements, fiscal restraint, and demographic changes. As part of an in-depth review of the specialty, the Dermatology Working Group (DWG) for the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada sought to determine whether the current training configuration is suitably preparing graduates to meet the societal health needs of dermatology patients. In this first of a 2-part series, the authors conducted comprehensive literature and historical reviews and a jurisdictional analysis to understand the current state of dermatology practice in Canada. Herein, they explore trends in the dermatology workforce, population needs, accessibility, and wait times, as well as issues in undergraduate and postgraduate medical education. In a subsequent publication, the DWG will utilize information gained from this historical analysis and jurisdictional review, stakeholder perspectives, and a national survey to shape the future of dermatology training in Canada.

Dermatologia/educação , Dermatologia/história , Educação Médica/história , Canadá , História do Século XX , História do Século XXI , Humanos , Padrões de Prática Médica/história , Padrões de Prática Médica/tendências
Bull Hist Med ; 93(1): 82-113, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30956237


Set in rural Georgia, the 1953 health film All My Babies: A Midwife's Own Story was a government-sponsored project intended as a training tool for midwives. The film was unique to feature a black midwife and a live birth at a time when southern health officials blamed midwives for the region's infant mortality rates. Produced by the young filmmaker George Stoney, All My Babies was praised for its educational value and, as this article demonstrates, was a popular feature in postwar medical education. Yet as it drew acclaim, the film also sparked debates within and beyond medical settings concerning its portrayal of midwifery, birth, and health care for African Americans. In tracing the controversies over the film's messages and representations, this article argues that All My Babies exemplified the power and limits of health films to address the complexities of race and health during an era of Jim Crow segregation.

Educação Médica/história , Medicina nas Artes/história , Tocologia/história , Filmes Cinematográficos/história , Afro-Americanos , Georgia , História do Século XX , Humanos , Parto , Estados Unidos
Rev Med Chil ; 147(1): 96-102, 2019.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30848771


The aim of this paper is to evaluate some aspects of the life of William Hunter (1718-1783), and to argue that he deserves a better place in history as he was one of the most outstanding figures in British medicine of the 18th century. A Scotsman, Presbyterian, from a family without means or connections, he underwent a classic education at the University of Glasgow, completed with apprenticeships with William Cullen and Alexander Monro first in Scotland, and then in London, with William Smellie, James Douglas and James Wilkie, in anatomy, obstetrics and surgery, respectively. Despite initial disadvantages, he was highly successful as an anatomist, educator, surgeon, man-midwife, artist, gentleman and collector. He moved and had influences in the highest medical, cultural and social circles of his time, was named Physician Extraordinary to Queen Charlotte, and was a member of many scientific, medical and cultural societies in Great Britain and in France, such as the Royal Society, the Royal College of Physicians and the Societé Royale de Médicine of Paris. His museum was notable in its magnitude and its diversity, including anatomical preparations, coins, shells, plants, birds, insects, fossils, and minerals. He donated his great museum to the University of Glasgow. His figure has been relegated mainly due to the absence of heirs, individuals or institutional, that could have cared for, maintained, and increased his legacy as happened with his brother John.

Anatomia/história , Obstetrícia/história , Educação Médica/história , História do Século XVIII , Medicina nas Artes/história , Reino Unido
Clin Anat ; 32(5): 661-671, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30843280


David Hayes Agnew began his career as a country doctor in rural Pennsylvania in 1838. After a 3-year diversion as a partner in a large ironworks business that went bankrupt in 1846, Agnew, seriously in debt, returned to the medical profession in Cochranville, PA, hoping to focus on surgery. Recognizing that he needed to improve his knowledge of anatomy, he purchased cadavers from Philadelphia and dissected at home in his spare time. When he was finished dissecting, he covertly moved bodies to a nearby pond so he could later collect skeletons after eels had removed the remaining soft tissues. This worked well until Agnew and the townspeople found out that a local fisherman, known for selling the most delicious eels, fished exclusively from this pond. Agnew was asked to leave Cochranville and he moved to Philadelphia, where he purchased the Philadelphia School of Anatomy and worked as a surgeon at Blockley Hospital. During the Civil War, he became renowned for his ability to manage gunshot wounds. Agnew was upwardly mobile in Philadelphia, becoming one of America's most prominent 19th-century academic surgeons. When President James Garfield was shot by an assassin, Agnew was called to care for him. When he retired from his position as the John Rhea Barton Professor of the Principles and Practice of Surgery at the University of Pennsylvania, the medical students hired the famous American realist painter, Thomas Eakins, to produce The Agnew Clinic, which became one of the artist's two most important paintings. Clin. Anat. 32:661-671, 2019. © 2019 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Anatomia/história , Cirurgia Geral/história , Educação Médica/história , História do Século XIX
Rev. medica electron ; 41(1): 250-261, ene.-feb. 2019.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1024660


Las investigaciones sobre la obra de figuras representativas del pensamiento educativo cubano no han sido suficientes para develar la contribución de importantes personalidades al desarrollo de la educación en distintos niveles. La Educación Médica Cubana debe a figuras como Juan Guiteras Gener, importantes contribuciones a la formación de profesionales de la salud. Con este propósito, el objetivo de este artículo radica en argumentar por qué se considera a Juan Guiteras Gener como una figura representativa de la Educación Médica Cubana. Para ello se analizaron datos biográficos y los principales aportes como médico, profesor, científico y directivo. Se delimitaron las condiciones históricas sociales como el entorno familiar, el contexto en el que se desarrolló y las fuentes de influencias que modelaron su pensamiento pedagógico. Se utilizaron criterios de selección de personalidades histórico-educativas como la amplia teoría y práctica educativa, el reconocimiento social y la identificación en grupos de intelectuales, las influencias de su obra que prevalecen en la sociedad y el compromiso con la realidad de su tiempo. Se estimula el estudio de esta personalidad, con el propósito de valorar su 251 trabajo en beneficio de la sociedad cubana y su contribución al desarrollo de la medicina universal. (AU)

The researches on the work of representative figures of the Cuban educational thought have not been sufficient enough to unveil the contribution of important personalities to the development of education in different levels. Cuban medical education owes important contributions to health professionals´ training to figures like Juan Guiteras Gener. The objective of this article is arguing why Juan Guiteras Gener is considered a representative figure of the Cuban medical education. His bibliographical data and main contributions as doctor, professor, scientist and manager were analyzed for that. There were delimited socio-historical conditions like family environment, the context he developed in and the sources of influence that modeled his pedagogical thought. We used criteria for choosing the historic- educative personalities like the extended educative theory and practice, the social recognition and identification in intellectual groups, the influences of his work prevailing in the society and the compromise with the reality of his time. The study of this personality is stimulated with the purpose of assessing his work on the benefit of Cuban society and his contribution to the development of the universal medicine. (AU)

Humanos , Masculino , Educadores em Saúde/história , Educação Médica/história