Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 6.246
Filtrar
2.
Acta Med Hist Adriat ; 18(1): 15-26, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32638597

RESUMO

The heritage of Slovenian house names and surnames reflects, among others, the former medicine and pharmaceutical occupations, midwifery, and folk medicine practices, and besides that, also health status and illnesses of people. Surnames, which are especially strongly intertwined with family, local and social history, are closely related to folk medicine and magic. Unlike house names (vulgo), which are the usual nicknames for physical and mental characteristics and abilities, surnames denote medical occupations and medicinal folk practice as such. According to the most recent data (as of January 1, 2020) of The Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia, at least 40 surnames reminiscent former medical or pharmaceutical professions. These newly discovered digital data in open access are precious for the history of medicine because they allow comparing surnames geographically, by frequency, and through the time.


Assuntos
História da Medicina , História da Farmácia , Nomes , Médicos/história , Animais , Educação Médica/história , História do Século XVI , História do Século XVII , História do Século XVIII , História do Século XIX , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional/história , Eslovênia
3.
J. negat. no posit. results ; 5(7): 740-762, jul. 2020. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-194132

RESUMO

La seguridad social es un derecho fundamental al que todos los miembros de una sociedad deberían tener acceso puesto que incluye un conjunto de beneficios vinculados a estabilidad económica, de salud y mejor calidad de vida, aunque aún es un reto para alcanzar la cobertura sanitaria universal. En el presente artículo se muestra una revisión de las condiciones socioeconómicas de México, asociadas a la seguridad social, en diversos procesos históricos: Porfiriato, Revolución Mexicana, Revolución pasiva, Proteccionismo, Neoliberalismo y Lopezobradorismo. En cada uno se identificaron aspectos políticos, financieros y sociales relacionados con la mejora o estancamiento de la seguridad social. Estos hallazgos reflejan la importancia de reflexionar de manera propositiva sobre las variables socioeconómicas para comprender el éxito o fracaso de las políticas públicas y los resultados negativos para la salud de la población


The social security is a fundamental right which all society members should have access because includes a set of benefits linked to economic and health stability and better quality of life, although it's still a challenge to achieving universal health coverage. This article presents a review of socioeconomic conditions from Mexico associated to social security in various historical processes: Porfiriato, Mexican Revolution, Passive revolution, Protectionism, Neoliberalism and Lopezobradorismo. Political, financial and social aspects were identified in each of these and that were associated to the improvement or stagnation of social security. These findings reflect the importance of analyzing proactively about the socioeconomic variables to understanding the success or failure of public politics and their negative results for the population health


Assuntos
Humanos , História do Século XX , Previdência Social/história , Organização do Financiamento/história , Planejamento Socioeconômico/história , México , Política Financeira , Políticas Públicas de Saúde , Seguridade Social/história , Educação Médica/história
4.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(3): 650-658, June 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1098302

RESUMO

Revisando un siglo de historia, el desarrollo de las actividades anatómicas en la ciudad de Concepción, en el sur de Chile, no estuvieron ajenas a dificultades. El presente trabajo reunió los antecedentes históricos que relatan los inicios y desarrollo de la enseñanza de la anatomía en la naciente Universidad de Concepción. Se realizó una búsqueda que incluyó la revisión de libros históricos, revistas, archivos digitales y registros institucionales como actas y archivos fotográficos. La fundación de la Universidad, los inicios de las actividades anatómicas en 1919 y el aporte de sus principales pioneros, evidencian las dificultades de la enseñanza de esta disciplina en Chile. Desde una perspectiva histórica, conocer dentro de este siglo de enseñanza los recursos físicos utilizados para la disección cadavérica, el detalle de las metodologías pedagógicas utilizadas y los recursos anatómicos disponibles, resultan ser un aporte al conocimiento del desarrollo de la anatomía en Chile.


Reviewing a century of history, the development of anatomical activities in the city of Concepción, in the south of Chile, did not occur without difficulties. The present work gathered the historical background related with the beginnings and development of Anatomy teaching at the Universidad de Concepcion. Research was carried out including the review of historical books, magazines, digital archives and institutional records such as files or photographic archives. The foundation of the university, the beginnings of anatomical activities in 1919 and the contribution of its highlighted pioneers, show the difficulties of teaching this discipline in Chile. From a historical perspective, having knowledge during this century of teaching, the physical resources used in cadaveric dissection, the detail of teaching methodologies applied, and the anatomical resources available, contribute the anatomy´s development knowledge in Chile.


Assuntos
História do Século XX , Educação Médica/história , Anatomia/educação , Anatomia/história , Chile
5.
Rev. Fund. Educ. Méd. (Ed. impr.) ; 23(3): 111-115, mayo-jun. 2020. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-193876

RESUMO

INTRODUCCIÓN: Las nuevas generaciones de estudiantes y las distintas problemáticas de las asignaturas instan a modificar las actividades formativas hacia nuevas formas utilizando tecnologías de la información y la comunicación. OBJETIVO: Identificar la opinión de los alumnos de primer y segundo año de la carrera de medicina, Universidad de Valparaíso, respecto del uso de un sistema inalámbrico de respuesta (clicker) y Kahoot en el aula. SUJETOS Y MÉTODOS: Estudio cualitativo, fenomenológico. Para la producción de información se realizaron 2 grupos focales con un total de 18 participantes, los cuales se transcribieron según el principio de verbatim. El análisis utilizado fue de contenido. Se efectuó triangulación de la información con técnica de investigadores. RESULTADOS: El uso de clickers y Kahoot se ha valorado positivamente. Se produjo información acerca de las ventajas e inconvenientes de cada una de las tecnologías. Ambas logran focalizar la atención de los estudiantes y aumentan su sensación de disfrute, aprendizaje y calidad de vida al ser estrategias de gamificación. CONCLUSIÓN: Ambas estrategias tienen la potencialidad de modificar favorablemente los ambientes del aula, con ventajas y limitaciones que deben ser conocidas por los docentes. Es relevante insertarlas dentro de estrategias educativas coherentes para potenciar los procesos de enseñanza-aprendizaje


INTRODUCTION: The new generations of students and different issues related to class subjects have driven us to modify our educational activities towards new strategies using information and communications technology (ICT) in the classroom. AIM: To identify the undergraduate students' opinion in first and second year of medicine at the Universidad de Valparaíso, Chile, regarding the use of clickers and Kahoot in the classroom. Subjects and methods: Qualitative and phenomenological research. In order to gather information two focus groups were organised with a total of 18 participants, the answers from the interview were transcribed using the verbatim principle. The study used a content analysis and triangulation method. RESULTS: The use of ICT in the classroom has been considered positive. The research found information regarding the advantages and disadvantages of the use of clickers and Kahoot. Both types of technology were able to keep the students' attention, increasing the sense of enjoyment of the lesson, learning and quality of life as they are using games as a teaching strategy. CONCLUSION: Both strategies have the potential to modify the classroom environment in a positive manner, with advantages and limitations that should be known by educators. It is relevant to insert them into coherent educational strategies to improve the learning-teaching processes


Assuntos
Humanos , Educação Médica/métodos , Educação Continuada/organização & administração , Inovação Organizacional , Educação de Pós-Graduação/organização & administração , México , Educação Médica/história
6.
Zhonghua Yi Shi Za Zhi ; 50(2): 95-100, 2020 Mar 28.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32536103

RESUMO

The first official general medicine was established in the United States, and society of general medicine established in 1947. After that the European and American countries began to study of general medicine and construct system. In 1966, the commonwealth launched the first global residency training program in general medicine.At present, many countries have formed a perfect general practitioner training system. In 1988, the concept of general medicine was introduced into China. In 1989, the Chinese Medical Association established the General Medicine Education Committee, marked the beginning of general medical education in China. In 1993, General Medicine Branch of Chinese Medical Association was set up, was a symbol of the birth of general medicine in China. Compared with some European and American countries, China's general medicine was a late starter, and the training of general practitioners has experienced the development of diversification, at present, it is in line with the international training mode.


Assuntos
Educação Médica/história , China , História do Século XX , Estados Unidos
7.
Tunis Med ; 98(3): 211-218, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32395814

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Over the past few years, efforts have been made to ensure that the teachers of the Faculty of Medicine of Tunis (FMT) cite their affiliation to the FMT and the University of Tunis El Manar in addition to their hospital institutions and their research structure in their publications. AIMS: In this study, we proposed to evaluate the FMT's membership in the publications of its teachers, to identify the different types of publications and to estimate the real number. METHODS: In this bibliometric cross-sectional study, we retrieved the FMT publications indexed in medline/pubmed database (1964-June2019). We have chosen the keywords corresponding to the publications of group1 (referenced FMT) and group2 (referenced FMT or annexed hospital-university institutions). Next, we calculated the rate of group1 on group2 and sorted the different types of items in group2. Finally, We estimated, after randomization, the actual number of FMT publications for a 99% confidence interval (99% CI). RESULTS: For groups 1 and 2, 1477 and 5194 publications were retrieved, respectively. The FMT membership rate averaged 28% ranging from 4% (1990-2010) to 44% (2011-2019). Of the FMT publications, 30% were free of charge and 55% were original articles. After a draw for 300 group2 publications, the estimated number of total FMT publications was between 4519 and 4934 for a 99% CI. CONCLUSIONS: It is essential to mention its affiliation to «the Faculty of Medicine of Tunis¼ and to «the University of Tunis El Manar¼ in order to improve the visibility and ranking of our two academic institutions.


Assuntos
Bibliometria , Docentes de Medicina/estatística & dados numéricos , Publicações/estatística & dados numéricos , Publicações/tendências , Editoração , Adulto , Bibliometria/história , Pesquisa Biomédica/história , Pesquisa Biomédica/organização & administração , Pesquisa Biomédica/estatística & dados numéricos , Pesquisa Biomédica/tendências , Estudos Transversais , Educação Médica/história , Educação Médica/estatística & dados numéricos , Educação Médica/tendências , Docentes de Medicina/história , Docentes de Medicina/tendências , Feminino , História do Século XX , História do Século XXI , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Publicações/história , Publicações/provisão & distribução , Editoração/história , Editoração/estatística & dados numéricos , Editoração/provisão & distribução , Editoração/tendências
10.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32306595

RESUMO

The article is devoted to the academician I. D. Strashun, constitutor of the USSR Academy of Medical Sciences, prominent scientist, hygienist, historian of medicine and notable specialist in the field of medical education and health care organization. During the years of restoration of national economy after the end of the Great Patriotic War, the extremely important issue in the activity of the Academy of Medical Sciences of the USSR was implementation of ideological political work with scientists, also supposing unmasking false scientists worshiping bourgeois science. The academician I. D. Strashun too got into millstones of the "struggle against cosmopolitanism". The article uses materials from the personal files of academician I. D. Strashun belonging to the scientific archive of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences.


Assuntos
Academias e Institutos/história , Educação Médica , Medicina Militar/história , Educação Médica/história , História do Século XX , Humanos , Federação Russa , I Guerra Mundial
13.
J Hist Med Allied Sci ; 75(2): 135-150, 2020 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32101286

RESUMO

The anatomical textbook in the late Middle Ages was one part of a greater pedagogical process that involved students' seeing, hearing, reading, and eventually knowing information about the human body. By examining the role of the anatomical textbook and accompanying bodily images in anatomical learning, this article illuminates the complexity and self-consciousness of anatomical education in the medieval university, as professors focused on ways to enhance student memory of the material. Traditionally, the history of anatomy has been heavily influenced by the anatomical Renaissance of the late-sixteenth century, highlighting a focus on innovative medical knowledge and the scientific method. However, if we engage a pedagogical lens when looking at these medieval authors, it becomes quickly obvious that the whole point of university medicine was not to explore unknown boundaries and discover new ideas of medicine, but rather to communicate the current and established body of knowledge to those not familiar with it.


Assuntos
Anatomia/história , Educação Médica/história , Faculdades de Medicina/história , Estudantes de Medicina/história , Anatomia/educação , Educação Médica/organização & administração , História do Século XV , História do Século XVI , História Medieval , Itália , Universidades/história
17.
Rev. cient. Esc. Univ. Cienc. Salud ; 6(2): 61-72, jun.-dic. 2019.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1118338

RESUMO

La evolución de la educación médica en América tiene un momento clave en la historia, definido con el estudio de las escuelas de medicina de Estados Unidos y Canadá realizado por Abraham Flexner en 1910, el cual dividió en su momento a la educación médica en una etapa pre-flexneriana y post-flexneriana. Este estudio caracterizó al sistema educativo médico en Estados Unidos como un sistema deficiente, carente de regulación y sin estándares establecidos. La medicina, enseñada y ejercida con pocos principios científicos representaba un importante problema de salud y seguridad poblacional. Ante este panorama, la Asociación Americana de Medicina decide promover una evaluación de la mayoría de las escuelas de medicina con el fin de proponer cambios en el sistema educativo médico. Flexner, un teórico educativo, realiza el análisis curricular, de evaluación y prácticas ejercidas en 155 centros educativos. De su reporte se desprende la propuesta conocida como Revolución Flexneriana la cual hace tambalear el sistema educativo médico en Norteamérica en 1910. Enfatizando falta de estandarización, integración, investigación y deficiencia de la formación de médicos con identidad profesional, Flexner propuso cambios que en su momento llegaron a regir la enseñanza de los médicos en Norteamérica. Se realizó una revisión bibliográfica utilizando búsqueda manual en PubMed y Google Scholar para hacer descripcion de los aspectos históricos de la educación médica en Norteamérica, su influencia en Latinoamérica y la prevalencia actual de la integración curricular en muchas escuelas de medicina...(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Educação Médica/história , Avaliação Educacional , Faculdades de Medicina/ética , Estudantes de Medicina/história
18.
Asclepio ; 71(2): 0-0, jul.-dic. 2019. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-191065

RESUMO

El artículo presenta un primer análisis sobre la asistencia sanitaria en la Corte española durante el siglo XIX. Se hará hincapié en cuestiones como la estructura y organización de dicha asistencia en Palacio, los médicos cortesanos desde una perspectiva de estudio sociológica y el papel y potencial influencia de destacados médicos de cámara. Hombres que, por su cercanía y contacto profesional directo con el Monarca de turno, podían manejarse con una cierta soltura en las redes de poder cortesanas y dentro de las relaciones de sociabilidad del ámbito más exclusivo del Madrid de mediados del siglo XIX: la Corte. En este sentido destacan los casos de Pedro Castelló Ginestá y Tomás del Corral y Oña. Todo ello desde un enfoque interdisciplinar bajo la imbricación de elementos metodológicos procedentes de la historia de la medicina y la nueva historia política


The article presents a first analysis about healthcare in the Spanish Court during the 19th century. Emphasis will be placed on issues such as the structure and organization of such assistance in the Palace, the court doctors from a sociological perspective and the role and potential influence of outstanding chamber doctors. Some men who, for their closeness and direct professional contact with the Monarch, could handle easily in the courtly networks of power and the social relationships in the most exclusive space of mid-19th century Madrid: the Court. In this regard, the illustratives cases of Pedro Castelló Ginestá and Tomás del Corral y Oña stand out. All this from an interdisciplinary approach under the imbrication of methodological elements from the history of medicine and the new political history


Assuntos
Humanos , Médicos/história , Educação Médica/história , Administração da Prática Médica/história , Assistência à Saúde/história , História do Século XIX , Espanha , Prática Profissional/história
20.
Am J Med Sci ; 358(5): 317-325, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31655713

RESUMO

At the end of World War II anti-Semitism was pervasive in the United States. Quotas to limit the number of Jewish students were put in place at most U.S. medical schools in the 1920s and were well-entrenched by 1945. By 1970 the quota was gone. Why? Multiple factors contributed to the end of the quota. First, attitudes toward Jews shifted as Americans recoiled from the horrors of the Holocaust and over half a million Jewish GIs returned home from World War II. Many entered the higher education system. Second, governmental and private investigations in New York City, New York State and Philadelphia exposed the quota. Third, New York State, led by Governor Thomas E. Dewey, established 4 publicly supported nondiscriminatory medical schools. These schools adsorbed many New York Jewish applicants. Fourth, from the 1920s through the 1960s some medical schools consistently or intermittently ignored the quota. Finally, the federal and several state governments passed nondiscrimination in higher education legislation. The quotas ended because of a combination of changing societal attitudes and government and private social action. This remarkable social change may be instructive as higher education now grapples with allegations of a quota system for Asian-Americans.


Assuntos
Educação Médica , Judeus/educação , Preconceito , Faculdades de Medicina , Americanos Asiáticos/educação , Educação Médica/ética , Educação Médica/história , Educação Médica/legislação & jurisprudência , História do Século XX , Humanos , Preconceito/história , Preconceito/legislação & jurisprudência , Faculdades de Medicina/ética , Faculdades de Medicina/legislação & jurisprudência , Faculdades de Medicina/organização & administração , Estados Unidos
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA