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2.
Acad Med ; 95(5): 686-689, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31876567

RESUMO

Health professions education (HPE) researchers come from many different academic traditions, from psychology to engineering to rhetoric. Trained in these traditions, HPE researchers engage in science and the building of new knowledge from different paradigmatic orientations. Collaborating across these traditions is particularly generative, a phenomenon the authors call the multidisciplinary edge effect. However, to harness this productivity, scholars need to understand their own paradigms and those of others so that collaboration can flourish. This Invited Commentary introduces the Philosophy of Science series-a collection of articles that introduce readers to 7 different paradigms that are frequently used in HPE research or that the authors suggest will be increasingly common in future studies. Each article in the collection presents a concise and accessible description of the main principles of a paradigm so that researchers can quickly grasp how these traditions differ from each other. In this introductory article, the authors define and illustrate key terms that are essential to understanding these traditions (i.e., paradigm, ontology, epistemology, methodology, and axiology) and explain the structure that each article in this series follows.


Assuntos
Educação Profissionalizante/métodos , Estudos Interdisciplinares/tendências , Educação Baseada em Competências , Educação Profissionalizante/tendências , Humanos , Projetos de Pesquisa
3.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 12: 1099-1104, jan.-dez. 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1118063

RESUMO

Objetivo: Descrever implicações e desafios das Diretrizes Curriculares Nacionais do Curso de Graduação em Enfermagem (DNC/ENF), determinadas pelo Conselho Nacional de Educação do Brasil, ante a formação profissional em Enfermagem, que repercutem no desenvolvimento da proposta pedagógica das Instituições de Ensino Superior brasileiras. Método: Trata-se de uma reflexão teórica fundamentada em publicações científicas, a partir de 2001, ano de promulgação das diretrizes até 2017. Resultados: Identificou-se que conteúdos das DCN/ENF, como a formação generalista, humanista, crítica e reflexiva, a pedagogia das competências e do aprender a aprender estão reproduzidos nos manuscritos que versam sobre os projetos pedagógicos de cursos (PPC). Conclusão: As DCN/ENF estão representadas nos PPC, entretanto, ainda faz-se necessário converter suas potencialidades na formação profissional de enfermeiros, com ênfase nos princípios do Sistema Único de Saúde e nas necessidades sociais e de saúde da população


Objective: The study's main purpose has been to describe the implications and challenges of the National Curriculum Guidelines for the Nursing Graduation Course (NCG/NGC), as determined by the Brazilian National Council of Education, addressing professional training in Nursing, which have an impact on the development of the pedagogical proposal of Brazilian Higher Education Institutions. Methods: It is a theoretical contemplation based on scientific publications, from 2001, year of promulgation of the guidelines, until 2017. Results: It was identified that the contents of NCG/NGC, such as generalist, humanistic, critical and reflexive formation, the skills pedagogy and learning to learn, are all reproduced in the manuscripts addressing the Pedagogical Projects of Courses (PPC). Conclusion: The NCG/NGC are represented in the PPC, nonetheless, it is still necessary to transfer their potentialities into the professional training of nurses, targeting the principles of the Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS) [Brazilian Unified Health System] and the social and health needs of the population


Objetivo: Describir las implicaciones y desafíos de las Directrices Curriculares Nacionales del Curso de Graduación en Enfermería (DNC / ENF), determinadas por el Consejo Nacional de Educación de Brasil, ante la formación profesional en Enfermería, que repercuten en el desarrollo de la propuesta pedagógica de las Instituciones de Enseñanza Superior brasileño. Método: Se trata de una reflexión teórica fundamentada en publicaciones científicas, a partir de 2001, año de promulgación de las directrices hasta 2017. Resultados: Se identificó que contenidos de las DCN / ENF, como la formación generalista, humanista, crítica y reflexiva, la pedagogía de las competencias y del aprendizaje a aprender están reproducidos en los manuscritos que versan sobre los proyectos pedagógicos de cursos (PPC). Conclusión: Las DCN / ENF están representadas en los PPC, sin embargo, todavía se hace necesario convertir sus potencialidades en la formación profesional de enfermeros, con énfasis en los principios del Sistema Único de Salud y en las necesidades sociales y de salud de la población


Assuntos
Humanos , Brasil , Currículo/normas , Educação em Enfermagem/legislação & jurisprudência , Sistema Único de Saúde , Educação Profissionalizante/tendências , Instituições de Ensino Superior , Saúde da População
4.
Work ; 64(2): 249-270, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31524193

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Science, technology and innovation (STI) governance concerns itself with the societal impact of STI. Occupation, whether used with the meaning of paid, unpaid work or any activity that is considered meaningful to the individual on an everyday basis, is one area of societal impact of STI. Fields such as occupational therapy, occupational science and occupational health and safety concern themselves with the relationship between occupation and the health and well-being of human beings albeit all with different foci. OBJECTIVE: To ascertain the knowledge of students from two Occupational Therapy programs on STI governance, specific STI products and their views on the impact of STI governance and STI products on occupational therapy and its clients. METHODS: Online survey employing Yes/No' questions with comment boxes and open-ended textbox questions. Descriptive quantitative and thematic qualitative data was generated. RESULTS: Students were unfamiliar with STI governance discourses but felt that they should be aware of them. Students stated that how one governs STI impacts occupational therapy on all levels and that the occupational therapy community has expertise that would enrich STI governance discourses around occupation. CONCLUSION: Education actions seem to be warranted on the level of students and practitioners by the occupational therapy and STI governance communities.


Assuntos
Educação Profissionalizante/métodos , Invenções/tendências , Terapeutas Ocupacionais/psicologia , Educação Profissionalizante/tendências , Humanos , Terapeutas Ocupacionais/educação , Terapia Ocupacional/educação , Inquéritos e Questionários
5.
J Gerontol Soc Work ; 62(6): 605-612, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31549588

RESUMO

The 2019 annual conference of the Group for the Advancement of Doctoral Education in Social Work (GADE) highlighted the increasing role that the Doctor of Social Work (DSW) degree is playing in social work education. Over the past 15 years, social work has followed suit with a number of other health and helping professions (PsyD, DNP, DPT, etc.) by expanding access to practice doctorate programs for professionals who are interested in doctoral-level training, but primarily have interest to remain working in the field as practitioners, rather than become researchers. As more DSW programs have emerged, questions and concerns persist about the DSW, with most questions pertaining to the meaning of the degree for the overall field and the value of having an additional advanced practice degree in social work beyond the MSW degree. However, I urge readers of the Journal of Gerontological Social Work to consider the opportunities that the DSW may present for advancing gerontological education, research, and practice.


Assuntos
Educação Profissionalizante/tendências , Geriatria/educação , Serviço Social/educação , Geriatria/métodos , Geriatria/tendências , Humanos , Lacunas da Prática Profissional , Serviço Social/métodos
6.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 72(4): 1086-1093, 2019 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31432969

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the most commonly used educational approaches in dementia training for primary health care professionals. METHOD: Integrative literature review, conducted between April and June of 2018, in PubMed, LILACS and IBECS databases. The descriptors used were: Training, Health Personnel, Dementia, Primary Health Care for PubMed; and the MeSH terms, Training Programs, Health Personnel, Dementia, and Primary Health Care for LILACS and IBECS. RESULTS: The sample consisted of 13 articles; eight were published in the last five years (62%); seven articles with a quantitative approach (54%); seven articles produced on the European continent (54%), followed by five published on the North American continent (38%). All journals were from the health area (100%). CONCLUSION: Educational strategies were combined and used for education. Significant improvements in knowledge, skills, and attitudes of the teams with regard to professional management of dementias were evidenced.


Assuntos
Demência/terapia , Educação Profissionalizante/métodos , Ensino/tendências , Demência/psicologia , Educação Profissionalizante/tendências , Pessoal de Saúde/educação , Pessoal de Saúde/tendências , Humanos
7.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 72(4): 1086-1093, Jul.-Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1020524

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objective: To investigate the most commonly used educational approaches in dementia training for primary health care professionals. Method: Integrative literature review, conducted between April and June of 2018, in PubMed, LILACS and IBECS databases. The descriptors used were: Training, Health Personnel, Dementia, Primary Health Care for PubMed; and the MeSH terms, Training Programs, Health Personnel, Dementia, and Primary Health Care for LILACS and IBECS. Results: The sample consisted of 13 articles; eight were published in the last five years (62%); seven articles with a quantitative approach (54%); seven articles produced on the European continent (54%), followed by five published on the North American continent (38%). All journals were from the health area (100%). Conclusion: Educational strategies were combined and used for education. Significant improvements in knowledge, skills, and attitudes of the teams with regard to professional management of dementias were evidenced.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Investigar los enfoques educativos más utilizados en la educación sobre demencia para profesionales de atención primaria de salud. Método: Revisión integrativa de la literatura, realizada entre abril y junio de 2018, utilizando las bases de datos PubMed, LILACS e IBECS. Los descriptores, entrenamiento, personal de salud, demencia y atención primaria de salud se utilizaron en PubMed; los términos Mesh, Programas de capacitación, Personal de salud, Demencia y Atención primaria de salud se utilizaron en LILACS e IBECS. Resultados: La muestra constó de 13 artículos, ocho fueron publicados en los últimos cinco años (62%); siete artículos tuvieron un enfoque cuantitativo (54%); se produjeron siete artículos en el continente europeo (54%), seguidos de cinco publicados en el continente norteamericano (38%). Todas las revistas fueron del área de salud (100%). Conclusión: Las estrategias educativas se combinaron y se utilizaron para la enseñanza. Se evidenciaron mejoras significativas en el conocimiento, las habilidades y las actitudes de los equipos con respecto a la gestión profesional de las demencias.


RESUMO Objetivo: Investigar as abordagens educativas mais comumente utilizadas na capacitação em demência para profissionais da Atenção Primária à Saúde. Método: Revisão integrativa de literatura, realizada entre abril e junho de 2018, nas bases de dados: PubMed, LILACS e IBECS. Foram utilizados os descritores Training, Health Personnel, Dementia, Primary Health Care para PubMed e os termos Mesh Training Programs, Health Personnel, Dementia, Primary Health Care, para LILACS e IBECS. Resultados: A amostra foi composta por 13 artigos, sendo oito publicados nos últimos 5 anos (62%); sete artigos com abordagem quantitativa (54%); sete artigos produzidos no continente europeu (54%), seguidos de cinco publicados no continente norte-americano (38%). Quanto aos periódicos, todos eram da área da saúde (100%). Conclusão: Algumas estratégias educacionais foram combinadas e utilizadas para a capacitação. Melhorias significativas em conhecimento, habilidades e atitudes das equipes no acompanhamento às demências foram evidenciadas.


Assuntos
Humanos , Ensino/tendências , Demência/terapia , Educação Profissionalizante/métodos , Pessoal de Saúde/educação , Pessoal de Saúde/tendências , Demência/psicologia , Educação Profissionalizante/tendências
10.
Int J Speech Lang Pathol ; 21(2): 153-162, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29252006

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study profiled the demographic characteristics and practice patterns of speech-language pathologists working with older Australians to inform future workforce planning and service development in response to an ageing population and aged care sector reform. METHOD: Data were collected through snowball distribution of an online survey comprising six sections: demographic details; caseload and service delivery practices, degree of inter-professional practice; engagement with professional development and support; and assessment and management of swallowing, mealtime and communication difficulties. All data were analysed using descriptive statistics and chi-square to determine the independence of key variables. RESULT: Data from 145 speech-language pathologists highlight the need for increased numbers of clinicians working outside of metropolitan areas and greater workforce diversity, along with increased incentive, supervision and inter-professional support for new graduate and early career clinicians considering working outside of hospital settings. To ensure evidence-based practice, further research into the validity of current assessment and intervention methods used across aged care settings is needed. CONCLUSION: The findings highlight the need for an extended scope of practice and improved models of support for speech-language pathologists working with older people to better respond to the needs of an ageing population and on-going aged care sector reform.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento , Necessidades e Demandas de Serviços de Saúde/tendências , Serviços de Saúde para Idosos/tendências , Mão de Obra em Saúde/tendências , Determinação de Necessidades de Cuidados de Saúde/tendências , Patologia da Fala e Linguagem/tendências , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Austrália , Educação Profissionalizante/tendências , Feminino , Pesquisas sobre Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Patologia da Fala e Linguagem/educação , Adulto Jovem
13.
Eur J Pharmacol ; 833: 392-395, 2018 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29935169

RESUMO

Pharmacology is one of the cornerstones in health sciences curricula as well as research-oriented biomedical programs in higher education. New educational insights and scientific developments in teaching and learning, as well as exciting discoveries in pharmacology research, must prompt pharmacology teachers to regularly rethink and adjust their teaching. Reflecting on pharmacology education, this paper touches upon some educational issues that might inspire readers of this journal who are involved in pharmacology teaching.


Assuntos
Currículo/tendências , Educação Profissionalizante/tendências , Farmacologia/educação , Ensino/tendências , Educação Profissionalizante/métodos , Humanos , Aprendizagem , Erros de Medicação/prevenção & controle
14.
N Z Med J ; 131(1476): 59-69, 2018 06 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29879727

RESUMO

AIM: 1) To describe the sociodemographic characteristics of students accepted into eight health professional programmes at the University of Otago in 2016. 2) To provide an update on an earlier (2012) paper to illustrate progress towards increasing diversity within the health professional student cohort. METHODS: Student data were obtained from the University of Otago's central student records system. Data were obtained in anonymous, summary form. New Zealand population data were obtained from Statistics New Zealand. Descriptive statistics were calculated. RESULTS: Between 2010 and 2016 there was: a marked increase in the proportion of Maori (124% increase) and Pacific students (121% increase) in health professional programmes, more pronounced in medicine and dentistry (increases of 179% and 133% respectively); an increase in the proportion of students from rural areas from 19.2% to 22.5%; an increase in the proportion of female students from 59.6% to 61.3%; and little overall change in the overall socioeconomic profile. CONCLUSION: Between 2010 and 2016 there was an overall increase in diversity in the health professional student body, with strong growth in Maori, Pacific and rural students. The recent introduction of new affirmative categories will hopefully result in an increase in socioeconomic diversity and in the number of refugee students.


Assuntos
Diversidade Cultural , Educação Profissionalizante/tendências , Estudantes de Ciências da Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Nova Zelândia , Grupo com Ancestrais Oceânicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Política Organizacional , População Rural/tendências , Distribuição por Sexo , Classe Social
15.
J Genet Couns ; 27(1): 21-32, 2018 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28699126

RESUMO

The Professional Society of Genetic Counselors in Asia (PSGCA) was recently established as a special interest group of the Asia Pacific Society of Human Genetics. Fostering partnerships across the globe, the PSGCA's vision is to be the lead organization that advances and mainstreams the genetic counseling profession in Asia and ensures individuals have access to genetic counseling services. Its mission is to promote quality genetic counseling services in the region by enhancing practice and curricular standards, research and continuing education. The PSGCA was formally launched during the Genetic Counseling Pre-Conference Workshop held at the 11th Asia-Pacific Conference on Human Genetics in Hanoi, Viet Nam, September 16, 2015. The pre-conference workshop provided an opportunity for medical geneticists and genetic counselors from across 10 Asia Pacific countries to learn about the varied genetic counseling practices and strategies for genetic counseling training. This paper provides an overview of the current status and challenges in these countries, and proposed course of unified actions for the future of the genetic counseling profession.


Assuntos
Conselheiros/tendências , Educação Médica/tendências , Aconselhamento Genético/tendências , Padrões de Prática Médica/tendências , Ásia , Educação Profissionalizante/tendências , Previsões , Humanos , Sociedades Médicas
16.
Acad Med ; 93(6): 869-873, 2018 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29068822

RESUMO

The role of the patient in bedside teaching has long been a matter of consideration in health professions education. Recent iterations of patient engagement include patients as storytellers, members of curriculum planning committees, guest lecturers, and health mentors. While these forms of patient engagement are reported to have many benefits for learners, educators, and the patients themselves, there is concern that such programs may not be representative of the diversity of patients that health care professionals will encounter throughout their careers. This problem of representation has vexed not only educators but also sociologists and political scientists studying patients' and the public's involvement in arenas such as health services research, policy, and organizational design.In this Perspective, the authors build on these sociological and political science approaches to expand our understanding of the problem of representation in patient engage-ment. In doing so, the authors' reconfiguration of the problem sheds new light on the dilemma of representation. They argue for an understanding of representation that not only is inclusive of who is being represented but that also takes seriously what is being represented, how, and why. This argument has implications for educators, learners, administrators, and patient participants.


Assuntos
Educação Profissionalizante/tendências , Ocupações em Saúde/educação , Pessoal de Saúde/educação , Defesa do Paciente/tendências , Participação do Paciente/tendências , Diversidade Cultural , Educação Profissionalizante/métodos , Humanos , Participação do Paciente/métodos
17.
FEMS Microbiol Lett ; 364(21)2017 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29029234

RESUMO

Innovative practice from around the globe, addressing a range of recent educational themes and trends, was published in the FEMS Microbiology Letters virtual Thematic Issue 'Keeping Education Fresh' in October 2017. Its thought-provoking content is reviewed here to more directly facilitate reflections and discussions in the professional community. The focus is on best practice approaches when enhancing student engagement, how to adjust those to the diversity of learners, learning situations and infrastructures, and to a broad range of subjects. The need for authentic learning and to move away from didactic teaching is emphasized. The 'students as researchers' theme is featured e.g. in context of service learning. Creative approaches are presented such as using performing arts, popular culture and gamification. The development of interdisciplinary and intercultural competences, and the exploration of socioscientific themes and philosophical issues are considered. Revisions of curricula and programmes, reflective of educational advancements and sector drivers, are discussed from undergraduate to postgraduate and professional specialist level also in light of problem-based learning, interactive distance and on-campus learning, and even the legacy of Massive Open Online Courses. Such changes always require resources and skills, and carry risks. Yet, innovation is a risk worth taking to keep education fresh.


Assuntos
Educação Profissionalizante/tendências , Microbiologia/educação , Currículo , Educação a Distância/tendências , Humanos , Comunicação Interdisciplinar , Cultura Popular , Aprendizagem Baseada em Problemas , Competência Profissional , Pesquisadores/psicologia , Estudantes/psicologia
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