Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 87.545
Filtrar
1.
Br J Community Nurs ; 25(Sup10): S12-S16, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33030379

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic of 2020 has led to considerable changes in how healthcare is delivered, as it has pushed people to think outside the box technologically. Mobile working is becoming more widespread, useful and valuable in this innovative period in the NHS. Point-of-care (POC) technology encompasses mobile devices and systems that support health professionals in their daily activities of patient care. It allows the user to safely assess and diagnose individuals at the point of care, providing actionable information to allow rapid clinical decision-making. POC technology also has the ability to support and educate patients with health needs, encouraging patients and their carers to assume greater more control of and responsibility over their health. Providing patients individual care plans to maintain their health will help realise the future of self-care. This article describe the development of a mobile app-Juzo Care-designed to enhance the management of chronic oedema and lymphoedema in mobile working settings.


Assuntos
Enfermagem em Saúde Comunitária , Edema/enfermagem , Linfedema/enfermagem , Aplicativos Móveis , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto , Sistemas Automatizados de Assistência Junto ao Leito , Autocuidado , Betacoronavirus , Doença Crônica , Infecções por Coronavirus , Assistência à Saúde , Humanos , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Medicina Estatal , Reino Unido
2.
Rev Lat Am Enfermagem ; 28: e3335, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33027400

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to assess the effect of a breastfeeding educational intervention on the counseling provided to postpartum women. METHOD: this is a randomized controlled trial including 104 postpartum women (intervention group = 52 and control group = 52) from a private hospital, whose educational intervention was based on the pragmatic theory and on the use of a soft-hard technology called Breastfeeding Educational Kit (Kit Educativo para Aleitamento Materno, KEAM). Women were followed-up for up to 60 days after childbirth. Chi-Squared Test, Fischer's Exact Test, and Generalized Estimating Equation were used, with a significance level of 5% (p-value <0.05). The analyses were performed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences, version 24. RESULTS: the postpartum women in the intervention group had fewer breastfeeding difficulties and a higher percentage of exclusive breastfeeding at all time points compared with those in the control group. CONCLUSION: the educational intervention based on active methodologies and stimulating instructional resources was effective in developing greater practical mastery among postpartum women with regard to adherence and maintenance of exclusive breastfeeding. Registry REBEC RBR - 8p9v7v.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno , Período Pós-Parto , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Parto Obstétrico , Feminino , Humanos , Parto , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto , Gravidez
3.
Yakugaku Zasshi ; 140(10): 1295-1298, 2020.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32999207

RESUMO

Health professionals should adopt best practices that are cognizant of the communication skills of their patients. Pharmacists should be knowledgeable about hearing disabilities to effectively provide medication education to deaf and hard-of-hearing (HH) patients. The Act for Eliminating Discrimination against Persons with Disabilities requires pharmacists to take the appropriate actions to their patients. However, awareness about the appropriate actions for eliminate discrimination has not increased among medical professionals. This survey examined the knowledge about hearing disabilities, practice of appropriate actions and confidence in medication education to deaf and HH patients on 216 pharmacists in Yahata Pharmaceutical Association in November 2019. Pharmacists had poor awareness about hearing disabilities and about 30% of participants misunderstood appropriate actions in communication to deaf and HH patients. Practice of appropriate action in medication education were taken by only about half of the participants. In particular, placing Ear symbol had not be taken at all. Participants felt that they could provide medication education sufficiently by written materials in spite of poor understanding about the literacy of deaf individuals. On the other hand, they felt unconfident due to lack of understanding about hearing disabilities and how to communicate with their patients. This survey suggests that pharmacists need to learn about hearing disabilities for effective communication and practice of appropriate action in medication education to patients with hearing disabilities. Learning hearing disabilities may enable them to take the actions that are necessary to eliminate discrimination and enhance their confidence in providing medication education.


Assuntos
Comunicação , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto , Pessoas com Deficiência Auditiva , Farmacêuticos/psicologia , Autoimagem , Competência Clínica , Compreensão , Humanos , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto/métodos , Inquéritos e Questionários
4.
Tex Med ; 116(9): 47, 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33023282

RESUMO

Regardless of whether education takes place virtually or in-person, Texas school vaccination rules remain in effect for the 2020-21 school year, according to the Texas Department of State Health Services. All Texas public schools (and most private schools) and colleges require students to have certain shots before they can attend classes at the beginning of a school year.


Assuntos
Serviços de Saúde Comunitária/legislação & jurisprudência , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto , Instituições Acadêmicas , Vacinação/legislação & jurisprudência , Vacinação/estatística & dados numéricos , Doenças Preveníveis por Vacina/prevenção & controle , Vacinas , Criança , Infecções por Coronavirus , Humanos , Visita a Consultório Médico/estatística & dados numéricos , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Texas
5.
Pharm. pract. (Granada, Internet) ; 18(3): 0-0, jul.-sept. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-194200

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Total knee replacement (TKR) is a major orthopedic surgery that is considered high risk for the development of venous thromboembolism (VTE). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to evaluate the clinical outcomes that resulted from the use of a new proposed VTE risk stratification protocol for selecting a suitable extended VTE prophylaxis for post TKR surgery patients administered in conjunction with patient education programs. METHOD: A randomized controlled trial was conducted in two medical centers in Saudi Arabia. A total of 242 patients were enrolled in the study, 121 patients in each group. The experimental group (A) was assessed by using the proposed VTE risk stratification protocol and also took part in patient education programs about TKR and its complications. The control group (B) was assessed by using the 2005 Caprini risk assessment tool and no education programs were given to this group. Both groups were followed for 35 days post operation. RESULTS: The mean age of the participants was 65.86 (SD 8.67) and the majority of them were female 137 (56.6%). The mean body mass index of the study sample was 32.46 (SD 5.51). There were no significant differences between the two groups except for surgery type; the proportion of bilateral TKR in group A was higher than in group B (69/121 (28.5%) vs. 40/121(16.5%), p˂0.05). There were no confirmed pulmonary embolism cases in the study sample and diagnosis of deep-vein thrombosis was confirmed in 12/242 (5.0%) of patients: 1/121 (0.8%) in group A and 11/121 (9.1%) in group B (p˂0.05). The readmission rate for all patients was 2.5% (6/242), all of whom were in group B (p˂0.05). CONCLUSION: The proposed VTE risk stratification protocol that was applied in conjunction with patient education programs reduced VTE complications and readmission events, post TKR surgery


No disponible


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tromboembolia Venosa/tratamento farmacológico , Tromboembolia Venosa/prevenção & controle , Profilaxia Pós-Exposição/métodos , Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto , Readmissão do Paciente
6.
J Bras Nefrol ; 42(2 suppl 1): 18-21, 2020 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32877494

RESUMO

Considering the new coronavirus epidemic (Covid-19), the Brazilian Society of Nephrology, represented by the Peritoneal Steering Committee, in agreement with the and the Dialysis Department, developed a series of recommendations for good clinical practices for peritoneal dialysis (PD) clinics, to be considered during the period of the Covid-19 epidemic. We aim to minimize the disease spread, protecting patients and staff, and ensuring the quality of the treatment provided and adequate follow-up for PD patients. The recommendations suggested at this moment must be adapted to each clinic's reality and the conditions of the structural and human resources, dependent on the adequate financial provision of the public health system for its full implementation.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Falência Renal Crônica/terapia , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Diálise Peritoneal/normas , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Brasil , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Desinfecção/métodos , Desinfecção/normas , Humanos , Falência Renal Crônica/complicações , Máscaras , Nefrologia/normas , Doenças Profissionais/prevenção & controle , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto , Isolamento de Pacientes/métodos , Isolamento de Pacientes/normas , Diálise Peritoneal/instrumentação , Diálise Peritoneal/métodos , Equipamento de Proteção Individual , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Sociedades Médicas , Telemedicina/legislação & jurisprudência , Telemedicina/métodos , Telemedicina/normas , Unidade Hospitalar de Urologia/organização & administração , Unidade Hospitalar de Urologia/normas
7.
Einstein (Sao Paulo) ; 18: eAO5425, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32935827

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To develop an informative manual on venous thromboembolism prevention for the lay population and to estimate evidences of content and face validity. METHODS: A methodological study conducted in three stages. The first stage was the preparation of the manual, followed by content validation with cardiovascular specialists who judged clarity, theoretical relevance and practical pertinence on a 4-point Likert scale. Items with a content validity index ≤0.75 were revised and re-evaluated. The last stage was the face validation by lay people, who were interviewed regarding item understanding and visual appearance. Items with more than 80.0% positive opinions were considered adequate. RESULTS: The manual was developed containing nine illustrations, definition of the disease, risk factors, signs and symptoms, and preventive measures. In the first assessment round, the validity index was 1.0 for the text of all sections, with suggestions for language adjustments. As to the illustrations, the validity indexes ranged from 0.67 to 1.0. In the second round, the validity index reached 1.0 for all items. A total of 40 lay people participated in the face validation, and all considered the paper type and font size appropriate, as well as the font used as readable; 97.5% were able to understand the information contained in the manual; 98.0% considered it esthetically beautiful; and 90.0% considered the reading not tiresome. CONCLUSION: The informative manual on venous thromboembolism prevention was prepared, its content validated by experts, and considered appropriate by the lay population. These results suggest that the manual may be used as a preventive educational strategy for venous thromboembolism.


Assuntos
Manuais como Assunto , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto , Tromboembolia Venosa/terapia , Humanos , Idioma , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(38): e22314, 2020 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32957397

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Anxiety is a kind of emotional disorder caused by acute conditions or trigger. It is manifested in the components of the autonomic nervous system, for instance, stress, anxiety, nervosity, and discomfort. Most patients with anxiety are more active, nervous, and alert to various stimuli. Inappropriate management of early postoperative anxiety will not only prolong recovery but also increase the risk of other complications. We conduct a randomized clinical trial to investigate the influences of nursing visits against the preoperative anxiety and postoperative complications in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). METHODS: This is a single center, placebo-controlled randomized trial, which will be performed from August 2020 to December 2020. The trial is performed in accordance with the SPIRIT Checklist for randomized studies. It is authorized by the Ethics Committee of Taizhou Hospital of Zhejiang Province (D20211-34). Two hundred patients undergoing LC will be included in this study. Patients are randomly divided into 2 groups: experiential group (n = 100) or control group (n = 100). The experimental group is given preoperative nursing visit to each patient 1 day before the operation, whereas the control group did not receive the preoperative nursing intervention. The patients in experience group also received education on the surgery team and the environment of operating room, the process of anesthesia, advantages of laparoscopic surgery, and the postoperative care from recovery room to discharge. The primary outcomes include State-Trait anxiety level and postoperative visual analogue scale. Secondary outcomes include total consumption of analgesics and postoperative complications. RESULTS: Figure (a) will show the comparison of outcomes between 2 groups. CONCLUSION: The preoperative nursing visit may decrease the anxiety and the complications after operation in patients receiving LC. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This study protocol is registered in Research Registry (researchregistry5924).


Assuntos
Ansiedade/prevenção & controle , Colecistectomia Laparoscópica/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/enfermagem , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
9.
Sante Publique ; 32(2): 171-182, 2020.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32985833

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Pregnant women are heavy users of Internet and this has an impact on their medical follow-up. The purpose of this study is to highlight the ethical issues related to the use of the Internet by women in their medical care.Methode: Through a systematic literature review conducted on PubMed/Medline, Web of Science, CINAHL and Embase between June and July 2019, 10 670 results were obtained, and 79 articles were included in the post-selection study. A thematic analysis was conducted on these articles. RESULTS: More than 90% of pregnant women use Internet, particularly to find medical information and social support, mainly on pregnancy and childbirth. This research allows them more equitable access to knowledge and develops their empowerment, which modifies the relationship between caregiver and patient, through the acquisition of greater autonomy for women and the development of experiential knowledge. This access offers a central and active role to pregnant women in their medical care. However, many authors also agree on the possible abuses of this use: misinformation, disproportionate information and the presence of judgment that undermine empowerment, but also digital divide and inequity in understanding information, stigmatization of women, and risks of privacy breaches on data acquired online. CONCLUSION: In order to provide pregnant women with the central and active place they seek, the authors recommend involving caregivers in the referral to reliable sites, encouraging them to develop online content, and educating pregnant women in the search for health information on Internet.


Assuntos
Internet/ética , Internet/estatística & dados numéricos , Gestantes/psicologia , Informação de Saúde ao Consumidor/normas , Feminino , Humanos , Comportamento de Busca de Informação , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto , Gravidez , Relações Profissional-Paciente , Apoio Social
10.
PLoS One ; 15(9): e0238354, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32936812

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: African-American men have the lowest 5-year survival rate in the U.S. for colorectal cancer (CRC) of any racial group, which may partly stem from low screening adherence. It is imperative to synthesize the literature evaluating the effectiveness of interventions on CRC screening uptake in this population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this systematic review and meta-analysis, Medline, CINAHL, Embase, and Cochrane CENTRAL were searched for U.S.-based interventions that: were published after 1998-January 2020; included African-American men; and evaluated CRC screening uptake explicitly. Checklist by Cochrane Collaboration and Joanna Brigg were utilized to assess risk of bias, and meta-regression and sensitivity analyses were employed to identify the most effective interventions. RESULTS: Our final sample comprised 41 studies with 2 focused exclusively on African-American men. The most frequently adopted interventions were educational materials (39%), stool-based screening kits (14%), and patient navigation (11%). Most randomized controlled trials failed to provide details about the blinding of the participant recruitment method, allocation concealment method, and/or the outcome assessment. Due to high heterogeneity, meta-analysis was conducted among 17 eligible studies. Interventions utilizing stool-based kits or patient navigation were most effective at increasing CRC screening completion, with odds ratios of 9.60 (95% CI 2.89-31.82, p = 0.0002) and 2.84 (95% CI 1.23-6.49, p = 0.01). No evidence of publication bias was present for this study registered with the International Prospective Registry of Systematic Reviews (PROSPERO 2019 CRD42019119510). CONCLUSIONS: Additional research is warranted to uncover effective, affordable interventions focused on increasing CRC screening completion among African-American men. When designing and implementing future multicomponent interventions, employing 4 or fewer interventions types may reduce bias risk. Since only 5% of the interventions solely focused on African-American men, future theory-driven interventions should consider recruiting samples comprised solely of this population.


Assuntos
Afro-Americanos/psicologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/psicologia , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/psicologia , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto/métodos , Afro-Americanos/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias Colorretais/prevenção & controle , Neoplasias Colorretais/psicologia , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Prognóstico
11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32932684

RESUMO

Although pharmacy employees' involvement in patient education has great potential, the extent to which they actually provide cognitive services seems inadequate. Given the overburdening of the healthcare system and limited access to medical services due to the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic outbreak, this study aimed to evaluate the preparedness of Polish pharmacy employees for patient education on the new threat. The study was conducted using the mystery shopper method. Two interviewers phoned 90 randomly chosen community pharmacies throughout Poland and presented some inquiries on the SARS-CoV-2. Pharmacists devoted more time to patients than pharmacy technicians (2:22 vs. 1:54), and the information they provided was significantly more comprehensive (p = 0.006). The majority of respondents provided an evidence-based recommendation on prevention, symptoms, and management of SARS-CoV-2; however, the scope of advice significantly varied. Community pharmacy staff often expressed their concern about the lack of time to address patients' questions adequately. No statistically significant differences were found in recommendations provided by chain and non-chain pharmacy staff. Obtained results seem to confirm the possibility of involving pharmacists in public health activities during a pandemic. Nevertheless, providing proper working conditions and adequate just-in-time learning solutions is crucial.


Assuntos
Serviços Comunitários de Farmácia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto , Farmacêuticos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Papel Profissional , Betacoronavirus , Estudos Transversais , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Pandemias , Polônia/epidemiologia
14.
J Bras Nefrol ; 42(2 suppl 1): 12-14, 2020 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32877492

RESUMO

Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease are among those individuals at increased risk for developing more serious forms of Covid-19. This increased risk starts in the pre-dialysis phase of the disease. Providing useful information for these patients, in language that facilitates the understanding of the disease, can help nephrologists and other healthcare professionals to establish a more effective communication with these patients and help minimize contagion and the risks of serious illness in this population.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto/normas , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/complicações , Atividades Cotidianas , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos , Higiene das Mãos/métodos , Higiene das Mãos/normas , Instalações de Saúde , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Nefrologia/normas , Espaço Pessoal , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Diálise Renal , Fatores de Risco , Avaliação de Sintomas
15.
N Engl J Med ; 383(10): 909-918, 2020 09 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32877581

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Evidence of the effectiveness of treatment for obesity delivered in primary care settings in underserved populations is lacking. METHODS: We conducted a cluster-randomized trial to test the effectiveness of a high-intensity, lifestyle-based program for obesity treatment delivered in primary care clinics in which a high percentage of the patients were from low-income populations. We randomly assigned 18 clinics to provide patients with either an intensive lifestyle intervention, which focused on reduced caloric intake and increased physical activity, or usual care. Patients in the intensive-lifestyle group participated in a high-intensity program delivered by health coaches embedded in the clinics. The program consisted of weekly sessions for the first 6 months, followed by monthly sessions for the remaining 18 months. Patients in the usual-care group received standard care from their primary care team. The primary outcome was the percent change from baseline in body weight at 24 months. RESULTS: All 18 clinics (9 assigned to the intensive program and 9 assigned to usual care) completed 24 months of participation; a median of 40.5 patients were enrolled at each clinic. A total of 803 adults with obesity were enrolled: 452 were assigned to the intensive-lifestyle group, and 351 were assigned to the usual-care group; 67.2% of the patients were Black, and 65.5% had an annual household income of less than $40,000. Of the enrolled patients, 83.4% completed the 24-month trial. The percent weight loss at 24 months was significantly greater in the intensive-lifestyle group (change in body weight, -4.99%; 95% confidence interval [CI], -6.02 to -3.96) than in the usual-care group (-0.48%; 95% CI, -1.57 to 0.61), with a mean between-group difference of -4.51 percentage points (95% CI, -5.93 to -3.10) (P<0.001). There were no significant between-group differences in serious adverse events. CONCLUSIONS: A high-intensity, lifestyle-based treatment program for obesity delivered in an underserved primary care population resulted in clinically significant weight loss at 24 months. (Funded by the Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute and others; PROPEL ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT02561221.).


Assuntos
Disparidades em Assistência à Saúde , Estilo de Vida Saudável , Obesidade/terapia , Populações Vulneráveis , Perda de Peso , Adulto , Idoso , Dieta Redutora , Exercício Físico , Feminino , Letramento em Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/etnologia , Obesidade/fisiopatologia , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Adulto Jovem
16.
Nihon Koshu Eisei Zasshi ; 67(8): 518-527, 2020.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32879238

RESUMO

Objectives We hypothesized that the motivation for improving physical function could be increased by increasing the awareness of social role expectations among frail community-dwelling older adults through an intervention based on the Community-as-Partner (CAP) model. We also developed a program for supporting community activities to prevent frailty, utilizing the CAP model. Program feasibility was assessed by implementing it under the local government's frailty prevention service.Methods The CAP-based program consisted of a "learning period," a "regional issue extraction period," and a "practice period," scheduled once a week for four months. Public health nurses and/or physical therapists assisted with the program. The intervention was conducted with a cohort study of community-dwelling older adults. About 160 participants identified as frail and pre-frail on the Kihon Checklist were recruited. Program feasibility was assessed through participation rate, number of pre-frail and frail individuals, and drop-out rate; scores of a pre-post intervention questionnaire assessing the understanding of frailty and regional resources; and behavioral change stage on frailty prevention.Results A total of 42 participants were recruited (participation rate=26.3%; 25 were pre-frail and 17 were frail). The drop-out rate was 23.8% (n=10). The scores on four out of five items and six out of eleven items on the understanding of frailty and regional resources, respectively, improved significantly after the intervention. Regarding the behavioral change stage, 26 participants (81.2%) maintained or improved.Conclusion The participation rate was approximately 30%, similar to conventional programs with direct professional intervention. Conversely, a higher drop-out rate compared to conventional programs suggested the importance of explaining the workshop in the program introduction and publicizing the workshop. The results indicated that the program improved the understanding of frailty and regional resources, and led to behavioral change for frailty prevention.


Assuntos
Fragilidade/prevenção & controle , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto , Serviços Preventivos de Saúde , Saúde Pública , Apoio Social , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Vida Independente , Masculino , Inquéritos e Questionários
17.
J Med Internet Res ; 22(10): e22068, 2020 10 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32946412

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic has markedly affected renal transplant care. During this time of social distancing, limited in-person visits, and uncertainty, patients and donors are relying more than ever on telemedicine and web-based information. Several factors can influence patients' understanding of web-based information, such as delivery modes (instruction, interaction, and assessment) and social-epistemological dimensions (choices in interactive knowledge building). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to systemically evaluate the content, delivery modes, and social-epistemological dimensions of web-based information on COVID-19 and renal transplantation at time of the pandemic. METHODS: Multiple keyword combinations were used to retrieve websites on COVID-19 and renal transplantation using the search engines Google.com and Google.nl. From 14 different websites, 30 webpages were examined to determine their organizational sources, topics, delivery modes, and social-epistemological dimensions. RESULTS: The variety of topics and delivery modes was limited. A total of 13 different delivery modes were encountered, of which 8 (62%) were instructional and 5 (38%) were interactional; no assessment delivery modes were observed. No website offered all available delivery modes. The majority of delivery modes (8/13, 62%) focused on individual and passive learning, whereas group learning and active construction of knowledge were rarely encountered. CONCLUSIONS: By taking interactive knowledge transfer into account, the educational quality of eHealth for transplant care could increase, especially in times of crisis when rapid knowledge transfer is needed.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Internet , Transplante de Rim , Conhecimento , Doadores Vivos/educação , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Telemedicina , Betacoronavirus , Humanos , Pandemias , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto/normas , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto/estatística & dados numéricos , Ferramenta de Busca , Incerteza
18.
S Afr Med J ; 110(7): 594-598, 2020 Jul 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32880327

RESUMO

Chronic rhinitis is a troublesome condition for sufferers. It is tempting to label all patients with chronic nasal symptoms as having allergic rhinitis (AR), but many such patients have other causes of chronic rhinitis that need a specific diagnosis and management strategy. Even when the patient fully fits the definition of AR, their condition will be best served by combining medication with ongoing patient education.


Assuntos
Doença Crônica , Rinite/diagnóstico , Doença Crônica/terapia , Transtornos da Motilidade Ciliar/diagnóstico , Fibrose Cística/diagnóstico , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Humanos , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto , Doenças da Imunodeficiência Primária/diagnóstico , Rinite/etiologia , Rinite/terapia , África do Sul
19.
Rech Soins Infirm ; (141): 70-77, 2020 06.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32988193

RESUMO

Patient education prior to discharge from hospital is a practice developed under the name of "discharge education" (DE) in the Anglo-Saxon countries. This new form of patient education targets acute and sometimes chronic patients and concerns all hospital specialties ; it aims to facilitate the transition "hospitalhome" and avoid early readmissions. In this article we want to outline a framework of indications and effects of DE, starting from an analysis of the international literature, and identify its quality criteria in order to forecast the conditions of its application to our context. A scoping review allowed us to examine 43 scientific studies specifically related to the description, analysis and evaluation of discharge education, as well as some recommendations. Almost half of the studies are published in Nursing Science journals. DE is an intense and short educational intervention (30 minutes to an hour) delivered mainly in acute situations. Paediatrics has the largest number of publications together with post-operative care. In most studies, DE is effective in improving clinical and psychosocial parameters, reducing early admissions, increasing skills and patient compliance. To achieve its goals, DE must be structured and include systematic follow up. Focused on the patient's needs and his learning ability, it uses a specific interactive pedagogy to which caregivers must be trained. The analysis of the international research leaves no doubt about the positive contributions of DE. It would be important for caregivers and policymakers to look at it as an opportunity to improve the quality of care and to humanize it.


Assuntos
Alta do Paciente , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto , Cuidadores/psicologia , Humanos , Relações Profissional-Paciente , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde
20.
PLoS One ; 15(9): e0238286, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32898141

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Young people in state care, often due to abuse or neglect, have a four-fold increased risk of drug and alcohol use compared to their peers. AIM: The SOLID study aimed to investigate the feasibility of a definitive randomised controlled trial, comparing two behaviour change interventions to reduce risky substance use (illicit drugs and alcohol), and improve mental health, in young people in care. METHODS: We recruited young people in care aged 12-20 years, self-reporting substance use within the previous 12 months and residing in 1 of 6 participating local authority sites in the North East of England. Participants were randomised to either i. Motivational Enhancement Therapy (MET), ii. Social Behaviour and Network Therapy (SBNT) or iii. Control (usual care). All interventions were delivered by trained drug and alcohol workers. Follow-up data were collected 12 months post recruitment. Feasibility for trial progression was compared to pre-specified stop: go criteria (recruitment of 60% of eligible participants, 80% of participants attending 60% of offered sessions and retention of 70% of participants at 12 month follow up). RESULTS: Of 1450 eligible participants, 860 (59%) were screened for drug and alcohol use by social workers, 211 (24.5%) met inclusion criteria for the trial and 112 young people (7.7%) consented and were randomised. Sixty of these 112 participants (54%) completed 12-month follow-up questionnaires. Only 15 out of the 76 (20%) participants allocated to an intervention arm attended any of the offered MET or SBNT sessions. CONCLUSION: By reference to pre-specified stop: go criteria it is not feasible to conduct a definitive trial for SOLID in its current format. Despite co-designing procedures with staff and young people in care, the screening, referral and treatment pathway did not work here. Future work may require dedicated clinically embedded research resource to evaluate effectiveness of new interventions in services.


Assuntos
Terapia Comportamental/métodos , Cuidadores/estatística & dados numéricos , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto , Qualidade de Vida , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/terapia , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Análise Custo-Benefício , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Mental , Projetos Piloto , Autocuidado , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/psicologia , Adulto Jovem
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA