Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 622
Filtrar
1.
Trials ; 20(1): 452, 2019 Jul 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31337437

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Almost one-half of 12-15 year olds living in deprived areas of the UK have dental caries (tooth decay) with few oral health promotion programmes aimed at children of this age. Mobile phone-based interventions such as short messaging service (SMS) interventions have been found effective at changing certain behaviours and improving health outcomes. This protocol describes the BRIGHT Trial, investigating the clinical and cost-effectiveness of a behaviour change intervention-classroom-based session (CBS) embedded in the curriculum and a series of SMS delivered to participants twice daily to remind them to brush their teeth, compared to usual curriculum and no SMS-to reduce the prevalence of dental caries in young people from deprived areas. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the clinical and cost-effectiveness of a complex intervention to improve the oral health of young people living in deprived areas. METHODS/DESIGN: This is a school-based, assessor-blinded, two-arm cluster-randomised controlled trial with an internal pilot trial. Overall, the trial will involve approximately 5040 11-13 year olds in 42 schools with a 3-year follow-up. The trial will take place in secondary schools in England, Scotland and Wales. The primary outcome is the presence of carious lesions in permanent teeth at 3 years. Secondary outcomes are: number of carious teeth, frequency of twice-daily toothbrushing, plaque levels, gingivitis, child health-related quality of life and oral health-related quality of life. A cost-utility analysis will be conducted. DISCUSSION: The findings of the trial have implications for embedding oral health interventions into school curricula guidance produced by national bodies, including departments for education and dental public health and guideline-development organisations. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ISRCTN registry, ISRCTN12139369 . Registered on 10 May 2017.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Adolescente , Comportamento Infantil , Cárie Dentária/prevenção & controle , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Educação em Saúde Bucal/métodos , Higiene Bucal , Áreas de Pobreza , Serviços de Odontologia Escolar , Mensagem de Texto , Adolescente , Fatores Etários , Telefone Celular , Criança , Análise Custo-Benefício , Cárie Dentária/economia , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Feminino , Custos de Cuidados de Saúde , Educação em Saúde Bucal/economia , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto , Prevalência , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Mensagem de Texto/economia , Fatores de Tempo , Reino Unido/epidemiologia
2.
Med. oral patol. oral cir. bucal (Internet) ; 24(2): e136-e144, mar. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-180636

RESUMO

Background: The aim of this present article was to evaluate the scientific evidence on the efficacy of daily hygiene and professional prophylaxis for treatment of desquamative gingivitis. Material and Methods: The present systematic review was conducted following the PRISMA protocol. Searches were carried out in Pubmed, Embase, Web of Science and Cochrane Library up to July 2018, randomized clinical trials and cohort studies on desquamative gingivitis (DG), and oral diseases joined to DG. Results: After screening, we found that nine publications met the eligibility criteria eight cohort studies and one randomized control trial. The diagnosis of the diseases corresponded to oral lichen planus (n=185), mucous membrane pemphigoid (n=13); plasma cell gingivitits (n=15) and pemphigus vulgar (n=11). The follow-up was between a week and a year after instructing patients. Dental daily hygiene and professional prophylaxis, at least with supragingival scaling and polishing have significantly improved the extension of the lesion and reduced the activity of DG, and gingival bleeding in all patients. Furthermore, these techniques have also reduced pain and gingival plaque. Conclusions: In conclusion the studies presented support the efficacy of maintaining personal and professional oral hygiene in patients with GD, reducing the clinical signs of the disease, regardless of its pathogenesis


No disponible


Assuntos
Humanos , Higiene Bucal/educação , Gengivite/terapia , Líquen Plano Bucal/terapia , Penfigoide Mucomembranoso Benigno/terapia , Escovação Dentária/métodos , Educação em Saúde Bucal/métodos
3.
Spec Care Dentist ; 39(2): 125-134, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30597580

RESUMO

AIM: This study aimed to assess the effectiveness of a novel health education method-Audio Tactile Performance (ATP) technique-in maintenance of gingival health and plaque removal efficacy among institutionalized visually impaired children of Bhubaneswar city. METHODS AND RESULTS: A parallel arm, single blinded randomized controlled trial was conducted among 10- to 15-year-old visually impaired children. Clinical examinations were done by the examiner blinded to group allocations. Oral health education materials (Braille and audio) were given to control group and ATP technique was given to test group. Clinical examinations for plaque and gingival scores were assessed at baseline, 30 days interval, and 90 days interval. The trial was registered with the Clinical Trial Registry of India (CTRI/2017/05/008551). In control group, a greater plaque reduction was observed at 30 days interval (3.58 ± 1.3) when compared to baseline (2.63 ± 2.02) and 90 days interval (3.14 ± 0.88), and this difference was statistically significant. For whole mouth, in test group, a greater reduction in gingival scores was observed at 90 days interval (2.65 ± 1.64) when compared to baseline (4.58 ± 1.63) and 30 days interval (1.23 ± 2.43), and this difference was statistically significant. CONCLUSION: ATP was found to be at par with the control group (Braille and audio aids).


Assuntos
Assistência Odontológica para Crianças/métodos , Placa Dentária/prevenção & controle , Gengivite/prevenção & controle , Educação em Saúde Bucal/métodos , Institucionalização , Pessoas com Deficiência Visual , Adolescente , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Índia , Masculino , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Método Simples-Cego
4.
Spec Care Dentist ; 39(2): 140-146, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30648764

RESUMO

AIM: The present study was conducted with the aim to assess the effectiveness of Oral Health Education programme on Oral Health Status of visually impaired children in New Delhi. A specially designed oral health educational programme consisting of audio aid, Braille booklet and individualized training was implemented to educate and motivate visually impaired children for maintaining their oral health. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total sample size of 120 children in the age group of 5-15 years was selected and questionnaire based on WHO criteria 2013 was administrated. In oral examination caries status using DMFT/S and dmft/s and oral hygiene status using plaque index given by Sillness and Loe was evaluated at the baseline and re-evaluated after nine months. Oral Health Educational Programme was implemented and reinforced every month for nine months. Results showed that at the end of nine months 55.04% children started brushing twice daily as compared to 30% children at baseline. There was a statiscally significant decrease (0.1887±0.332) in plaque index scores at the end of nine months. CONCLUSION: It was concluded that Oral Health Educational Programme was effective in improving the oral hygiene status among visually impaired children.


Assuntos
Educação em Saúde Bucal/métodos , Escovação Dentária , Pessoas com Deficiência Visual , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Índia , Masculino , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Inquéritos e Questionários
5.
Spec Care Dentist ; 39(2): 97-107, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30657191

RESUMO

AIM: To assess the oral hygiene status, knowledge, attitude and practices (KAP) in visually impaired children before and after imparting 3 different modes of oral health education. METHODOLOGY AND RESULTS: The present study was a nonrandomized interventional study conducted among visually impaired school children. Ninety visually impaired children aged 12-15 years were selected by lottery method and divided into 3 groups (30 children each). Group 1: ATP (audio, tactile, performance technique), Group 2: Braille, and Group 3: ATP + Braille. Twenty-item verbal questionnaire was developed to record their knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) regarding oral hygiene before and after imparting oral health education. The oral hygiene status was recorded and compared using plaque and gingival index after 21-day, 1-, 6-, and 9-month interval. ANOVA, Tukey's post hoc, repeated measures ANOVA, and McNemar test were used. Group 3 showed highest percentage of reduction in plaque (55%) and gingival (52%) scores when compared with Group 1 and Group 2. CONCLUSION: The combination of ATP (audio, tactile, and performance technique) and Braille is an effective way to improve oral hygiene status in visually impaired children. The KAP among these children also improved significantly after imparting oral health education.


Assuntos
Educação em Saúde Bucal/métodos , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Pessoas com Deficiência Visual , Adolescente , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Inquéritos e Questionários
6.
Sante Publique ; 30(3): 297-306, 2018.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30541258

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this exploratory study was to evaluate the short-term (four months) impact of a tooth brushing learning programme based on pictograms generated by the çATED app for iPad designed for patients with autistic spectrum disorder (ASD). METHODS: Fifty-two ASD patients, between the ages of 3 and 19 years, from seven educational centres, were included. A tooth brushing training programme was proposed in collaboration with the educational teams. Observation grids were used to evaluate autonomy during tooth brushing and interaction with the iPad. RESULTS: The results showed improvement of tooth brushing. The children progressively acquired the various brushing skills, although some steps remained difficult to perform. Interactions with the iPad also improved during the programme, encouraging the use of this tool in learning of tooth brushing. CONCLUSIONS: Daily assistance of the children improved the efficacy of tooth brushing, contributing to the preventive care of these patients. The use of an iPad in oral hygiene, especially for learning of tooth brushing, is simple and effective.


Assuntos
Transtorno do Espectro Autista , Computadores de Mão , Educação em Saúde Bucal/métodos , Aplicativos Móveis , Escovação Dentária , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto Jovem
7.
Eur J Paediatr Dent ; 19(3): 181-186, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30063148

RESUMO

AIM: This study aimed to evaluate oral and dental health status of preschool children, to teach them two different brushing techniques, and to determine the effectiveness of such techniques. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred sixty three healthy children from three preschools in Isparta (Turkey) that were willing to participate in the study were included. A questionnaire was distributed to the parents. All children were given an oral and dental health education. Examinations were done in the classrooms, and plaque index and dft-dfs values were recorded. In each preschool, the horizontal scrub technique was randomly taught to a group of children, and the Fones technique to other group, and children were asked to apply the technique taught. Plaque index scores were recorded again, measurements were repeated at 1 week, and 1, 3 and 6 months. Data were analysed statistically. RESULTS: The questionnaires showed children's and parents' inadequate oral hygiene behaviours. Plaque index values for both techniques decreased from baseline at 1 week, and 1, 3 and 6 months. Values at month 6 were closer to baseline. The horizontal scrub technique was applied more easily and it provided an effective decrease on plaque index scores. No statistically significant difference was found for dft and dfs values. CONCLUSION: The educational programme with regular repeated tooth brushing training presented significant improvements in the oral health behaviours. The horizontal scrub technique was deemed more suitable than the Fones technique for preschool children.


Assuntos
Educação em Saúde Bucal/métodos , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto , Escovação Dentária/normas , Pré-Escolar , Índice de Placa Dentária , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Instituições Acadêmicas , Inquéritos e Questionários , Turquia
8.
Spec Care Dentist ; 38(5): 271-280, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30015986

RESUMO

AIM: To assess changes in oral hygiene status, oral health knowledge and behavior among visually impaired individuals using dental health education material transcribed in Braille and Compressed speech. METHODOLOGY: A nonrandomized before and after comparison study was conducted among 4 purposively selected institutes for visually impaired in Indore region, Central India. A stratified random sampling was employed to select 144 visually impaired individuals aged 15-35 years. Oral health education (OHE) material was developed in Braille and compressed speech. Participants were intervened using OHE material. A self-administered Braille transcribed proforma was used to record participants responses on oral health knowledge and behavior at baseline, 1-week, 1-month, and 3-months followed by clinical examination. Descriptive statistics was used for frequencies, mean, and standard deviation of variables. Bivariate regression analysis was performed to assess the effect of independent variables on self-reported oral health, knowledge score and oral hygiene status. RESULTS: The mean knowledge score of participants in Braille group at 3-month was significantly higher (11.86 ± 2.41) than in compressed speech group (8.59 ± 2.74). Compressed speech showed significant reduction in mean gingival score (1.02 ± 0.73) at 3-month (P ≤ 0.001). Bivariate regression indicated Braille education was significantly effective in improving knowledge (OR: 6.02) and oral hygiene status (OR: 8.24) (P ≤ 0.001). CONCLUSION: Braille method of intervention was more effective in improving knowledge scores and oral hygiene status among visually impaired participants.


Assuntos
Educação em Saúde Bucal/métodos , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Saúde Bucal , Higiene Bucal/educação , Pessoas com Deficiência Visual , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Índia , Masculino , Materiais de Ensino
9.
BMC Oral Health ; 18(1): 126, 2018 07 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30053849

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the impact of anticipatory guidance on the caries incidence of 2-3-year-old preschool children and their 4-6-year-old siblings, as well as on their mothers' oral health literacy, as compared to the conventional Ministry of Health (MOH) programme. METHODS: This quasi-experimental study was conducted at two government dental clinics in Batu Pahat District, Malaysia. The samples comprised of 478 mother-child-sibling trios (233 families in the intervention group, and 245 families in the control group). An oral health package named the Family Dental Wellness Programme (FDWP) was designed to provide dental examinations and oral health education through anticipatory guidance technique to the intervention group at six-month intervals over 3 years. The control group received the standard MOH oral health education activities. The impact of FDWP on net caries increment, caries prevented fraction, and mother's oral health literacy was assessed after 3 years of intervention. RESULTS: Children and siblings in the intervention group had a significantly lower net caries increment (0.24 ± SD0.8; 0.20 ± SD0.7) compared to the control group (0.75 ± SD1.2; 0.55 ± SD0.9). The caries prevented fraction for FDWP was 68% for the younger siblings and 63.6% for the older children. The 2-3-year-old children in the intervention group had a significantly lower incidence of white spot lesions than their counterpart (12% vs 25%, p < 0.05). At three-year follow-up, there were significant increments in the oral health literacy scores of mothers in the intervention group compared to the control group. CONCLUSION: The FDWP is more effective than the standard MOH programme in terms of children's and siblings' caries incidence and mother's oral health literacy. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT03478748 . Registered on March 26th 2018. Retrospectively registered.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária/prevenção & controle , Educação em Saúde Bucal/métodos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Feminino , Alfabetização em Saúde , Humanos , Incidência , Malásia/epidemiologia , Masculino , Mães/educação
10.
Acta Odontol Scand ; 76(8): 612-620, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30045652

RESUMO

AIM: To evaluate behavioural and educational interventions used to improve self-care in adult periodontitis patients in comparison with conventional instruction. METHODS: A systematic electronic search of empirical studies that were published up to June 2017 using the MEDLINE database was performed. The reference lists of all of the included studies and articles from six separate journals were manually searched. RESULTS: A total of 1806 articles were identified. Six articles fulfilled the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The interventions used in periodontal treatment had theoretical backgrounds of cognitive behavioural approach, self-regulation theory of Leventhal, motivational interviewing and a client self-care commitment model. The control group in each study was described receiving conventional information. The outcomes of the interventions were classified into three categories: 1) clinical findings 2) self-reported self-care and 3) patient evaluations of the intervention. The behavioural intervention groups seemed to perform slightly better than the control groups when clinical outcome measures such as the presence of plaque or number of periodontal pockets were used. Furthermore, behavioural interventions increased patient reported compliance (e.g. effectiveness of self-care and frequency of interdental cleaning). The different behavioural techniques all seemed to work more effectively than conventional instruction. No behavioural technique could be identified superior to the other. CONCLUSIONS: The behavioural interventions seem to be beneficial for patient adherence and may therefore improve periodontal treatment success. However, there is a need to further explore the use of different methods in studies with larger sample sizes, longer follow-up times and both behavioural and clinical outcome measures.


Assuntos
Terapia Comportamental/métodos , Educação em Saúde Bucal/métodos , Higiene Bucal/psicologia , Cooperação do Paciente/psicologia , Doenças Periodontais/terapia , Adulto , Terapia Cognitivo-Comportamental/métodos , Humanos , Autocuidado , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Rev. ABENO ; 18(3): 62-74, jul.-set. 2018. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-964742

RESUMO

O objetivo do trabalho foi identificar a percepção de cirurgiões-dentistas de serviços públicos da Atenção Básica de uma regional de saúde do Paraná, quanto às práticas de educação em saúde para a prevenção da cárie dentária, por meio de uma pesquisa qualitativa. Foram realizadas entrevistas, baseadas em um roteiro semiestruturado. A transcrição das gravações foi realizada de forma manual e o conteúdo categorizado segundo o método da análise de conteúdo proposta por Bardin. Os resultados apontaram que, nesse contexto, os cirurgiões-dentistas realizam práticas de educação em saúde por meio de ações de transmissão de informação, demonstração, motivação, monitoramento e comunicação. Conclui-se que os profissionais pesquisados demonstraram entendimento da importância da motivação e da persistência para um resultado eficaz do processo educativo, porém foi possível perceber diferentes graus de entendimento do processo educativo (AU).


The objective of this study was to identify the perception of dental surgeons on public services of Primary Care at Regional Health Service, in Paraná, regarding health education practices for dental caries prevention, through a qualitative research. Interviews were conducted, based on semi-structured script. Recordings transcription was manually performed. The content was categorized according to the Method of Content Analysis proposed by Bardin. The results pointed out that, in this context, dentists perform health education practices through information transmission, demonstration, motivation, monitoring and communication. It is concluded that the studied professionals demonstrated to understand the importance of motivation and persistence for an educational process effective result, however it was possible to perceive different education to process of understanding (AU).


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Educação em Saúde Bucal/métodos , Cárie Dentária/prevenção & controle , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Odontólogos , Brasil , Entrevista , Capacitação Profissional
12.
J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent ; 36(1): 82-85, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29607845

RESUMO

Context: Children with special needs face unique challenges in day-to-day practice. They are dependent on their close ones for everything. To improve oral hygiene in such visually impaired children, undue training and education are required. Braille is an important language for reading and writing for the visually impaired. It helps them understand and visualize the world via touch. Audio aids are being used to impart health education to the visually impaired. Tactile models help them perceive things which they cannot visualize and hence are an important learning tool. Aim: This study aimed to assess the improvement in oral hygiene by audio aids and Braille and tactile models in visually impaired children aged 6-16 years of Bhopal city. Settings and Design: This was a prospective study. Materials and Methods: Sixty visually impaired children aged 6-16 years were selected and randomly divided into three groups (20 children each). Group A: audio aids + Braille, Group B: audio aids + tactile models, and Group C: audio aids + Braille + tactile models. Instructions were given for maintaining good oral hygiene and brushing techniques were explained to all children. After 3 months' time, the oral hygiene status was recorded and compared using plaque and gingival index. Statistical Analysis Used: ANNOVA test was used. Results: The present study showed a decrease in the mean plaque and gingival scores at all time intervals in individual group as compared to that of the baseline that was statistically significant. Conclusions: The study depicts that the combination of audio aids, Braille and tactile models is an effective way to provide oral health education and improve oral health status of visually impaired children.


Assuntos
Recursos Audiovisuais , Crianças com Deficiência , Educação em Saúde Bucal/métodos , Leitura , Auxiliares Sensoriais , Tato , Pessoas com Deficiência Visual , Adolescente , Criança , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Índia , Higiene Bucal , Estudos Prospectivos
13.
Acta Odontol Scand ; 76(6): 422-426, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29320886

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the association between caries preventive measures including regular dental checkups, twice a day tooth brushing using fluoridated toothpaste and pit and fissure sealants on one side and the presence of caries among primary schoolchildren in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 2016 including 1198, 6-12-year-old children from 13 randomly selected schools. The outcome variable was caries presence. The explanatory variables were brushing twice a day using fluoridated toothpaste, the presence of sealant and regular dental checkups. Multivariable logistic regression model was conducted to assess the associations controlling for confounders (age, gender, ability to get treatment, being health insured and school) using SPSS version 20.0. RESULTS: Data of 921 participants (83.8%) were available. The prevalence of caries was 63.5%, whereas 67.6% brushed their teeth twice a day, 28.3% visited the dentist for regular checkups and 7.6% had sealant. In multivariable regression, out of the three main explanatory variables, only having regular checkups was significantly associated with caries presence (OR = 0.65, 95% CI = 0.48, 0.88). CONCLUSIONS: Lower odds of caries presence were associated with regular dental checkups but not with regular brushing or having sealant.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária/prevenção & controle , Educação em Saúde Bucal/métodos , Higiene Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Selantes de Fossas e Fissuras/uso terapêutico , Escovação Dentária/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Feminino , Fluoretos Tópicos/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , Projetos de Pesquisa , Arábia Saudita
14.
Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther ; 21: 379-384, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29378255

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine whether an oral health education program using a Qscan device based on quantitative light-induced fluorescence (QLF) technology could improve the oral hygiene status and oral health literacy of adolescents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred adolescents aged 14-16 years attending a school in Tashkent city were included in this study. The participants were assigned to the following two groups using permuted block randomization technique: (i) control group (traditional learning) and (ii) experimental group (Qscan device-based learning). The participants included in the experimental group received additional education and training on dental plaque removal using the Qscan device. The accumulated levels of plaque were assessed in all participants, who also completed questionnaires about their oral health status, oral health knowledge, attitude, and behavior during an 8-week period. RESULTS: There were statistically significant improvements in the experimental group compared to the control group in the plaque index (0.46 vs 0.07, p < .05), oral health knowledge (19.4 vs 28.8, p < .05), attitude (16.7 vs 20.2, p < .05), and behavior (19.9 vs 30.5, p < .05). CONCLUSIONS: This study has demonstrated that an oral health education program based on the use of QLF technology could be useful for improving the oral hygiene status and oral health literacy of adolescents in Uzbekistan.


Assuntos
Fluorescência , Educação em Saúde Bucal/métodos , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Adolescente , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Placa Dentária/prevenção & controle , Índice de Placa Dentária , Feminino , Alfabetização em Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Uzbequistão
15.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 18(1): 3860, 15/01/2018. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-965741

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the knowledge and self-perception of Indonesian dental students in giving oral health education and preventive treatment. Material and Methods: This was a cross sectional study, with 208 clinical students (54 males and 154 females). Knowledge and self-perception of preventive dentistry was assessed using multiple choice questionneire based on a four-point likert scale written in Indonesia, at Dental Hospital of Hasanuddin University. Assessment of preventive dentistry knowledge on clinical students by answering 14 questions, while self-perception in providing oral health education and preventive treatment was assessed using general questions. Statistical evaluation was done using Chi-squared test and t test. The significance level was set at 5%. The analyses were performed with SPSS 12 statistical package. Results: Both male and female students are reported to have high competence in giving oral health education and preventive treatment (94-99%), but there was no significant difference between genders (p>0.05). Almost all questions were answered by agree or strongly agree. 75% of study participants disagreed with the statement that the use of fluoride toothpaste is more important than the brushing technique for dental caries prevention (PK2, p<0.05). Conclusion: The perceptions of clinical students participating in the study have high competence (94-99%) in providing education and preventive care to their patients, but there is still a lack of prevention knowledge.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Estudantes de Odontologia , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Educação em Saúde Bucal/métodos , Indonésia , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Odontologia Preventiva , Estudos Transversais/métodos
17.
J Clin Pediatr Dent ; 41(4): 271-274, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28650790

RESUMO

AIM: To evaluate the perception of visually impaired children to three different methods of oral health education. STUDY DESIGN: Sixty total visually impaired children were divided into three groups of 20 children each. Children in group-I received oral health education through a lecture. Children in group II received Demonstration on a Model by Tell and Touch method (DMTT) and children in group III were self trained on oral hygiene skills. All children received written instructions in Braille. Their knowledge and practice of oral hygiene methods were recorded by a questionnaire and their method of brushing and rinsing was assessed during a personal interview. Data obtained was subjected to statistical analysis. RESULTS: Children in group II were able to brush and rinse significantly better (p <0.05) as compared to the other groups. Demonstration on a Model by Tell and Touch method was found to be the most preferred method of oral health education. CONCLUSION: Oral health education given through DMTT method was perceived well by the visually impaired children.


Assuntos
Assistência Odontológica para Crianças/métodos , Educação de Pessoas com Deficiência Visual/métodos , Educação em Saúde Bucal/métodos , Higiene Bucal/educação , Adolescente , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Auxiliares Sensoriais , Inquéritos e Questionários
18.
Community Dent Health ; 34(2): 97-101, 2017 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28573840

RESUMO

There is a need for an alternative approach for health promotion prisons since previous work has indicated that health education, while improving health knowledge, does not result in behaviour change. Evidence has suggested that a health coaching assists in this regard. However, the question remained whether this approach would be appropriate and possible in prisons? This paper presents the public health strategies used to work in partnership with prison management to address challenges and accept opportunities as a health coaching intervention protocol was developed for oral health and wellbeing in the prison setting.


Assuntos
Educação em Saúde Bucal/métodos , Promoção da Saúde , Saúde Bucal , Prisioneiros , Educação em Saúde Bucal/organização & administração , Promoção da Saúde/métodos , Promoção da Saúde/organização & administração , Humanos , Escócia
19.
Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue ; 26(1): 94-97, 2017 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28474076

RESUMO

PURPOSE: In regard to the current problems and deficiencies of preschool children's oral health, diversity of health education intervention was carried out, and the effect was evaluated. METHODS: Three kindergartens in Pudong New District were randomly selected. The children's age ranged from 4 to 5 years old. One hundred and ten children from one kindergarten were randomly selected as the intervention group, executing special health training and various related health education activities for a period of 1 year. Another 220 children from 2 kindergartens were chosen as control group, no special health education and behavior intervention were given. After the interventional period, the situation of children with suffering from dental caries in the intervention group and the control group, scores of oral health knowledge, and the improvement of behavior were compared. SPSS19.0 software package was used for statistical analysis. RESULTS: After 1 year of health education intervention, scores of oral knowledge and oral health behaviors in the interventional group increased significantly. However, caries prevalence and the average number of caries had no significant differences between the 2 groups. CONCLUSIONS: The diversity of oral health education plays a positive role in the kindergarten for pre-school children's oral health knowledge, attitude and behavior change.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Educação em Saúde Bucal/métodos , Saúde Bucal , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Instituições Acadêmicas
20.
Int J Paediatr Dent ; 27(6): 476-485, 2017 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28052471

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Families of children undergoing general anaesthesia (GA) for caries management requested that oral health advice is delivered using audio-visual media. OBJECTIVE: To compare an oral health education computer game to one-to-one education. DESIGN: A blind randomised controlled trial of 4- to 10-year-old children scheduled for GA due to caries. Primary outcome measures were (1) parent and child satisfaction with education method; (2) improvements in child's dietary knowledge; and (3) changes in child's diet and toothbrushing habits. Measures were taken at baseline, post-intervention, and three months later. RESULTS: One hundred and nine families took part. Both methods of education were highly satisfactory to children and parents. Children in both groups showed significant improvement in recognition of unhealthy foods immediately post-education (P < 0.001). Fifty-five per cent of all participants completed telephone follow-up after 3 months and reported improvements in diet, including reducing sweetened drinks (P = 0.019) and non-core foods (P = 0.046) intake, with no significant differences between the groups. Children reported twice-daily toothbrushing but no changes in snack selection. Attendance for a 3-month dental review was poor (11%). CONCLUSION: Oral health education using a computer game can be as satisfactory and as effective in improving high-risk-children's knowledge as one-to-one education. The education received can lead to the positive dietary changes in some families.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária/prevenção & controle , Dieta , Educação em Saúde Bucal/métodos , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Higiene Bucal/educação , Pais , Jogos de Vídeo , Criança , Comportamento Infantil , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto/métodos , Satisfação do Paciente , Lanches
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA