Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.575
Filtrar
1.
Interface (Botucatu, Online) ; 24: e190192, 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040189

RESUMO

O texto resgata os vinte anos do eixo Educação na revista Interface e problematiza essa trajetória a partir de suas publicações. O olhar para esses trabalhos revela as tendências predominantes e reflete acerca dos desafios para as próximas décadas. As categorias de análise: Formação Profissional em Saúde; Políticas de Reorientação da Formação Profissional em Saúde/Docência em Saúde; Práticas Educativas em Saúde e Fundamentos Teóricos e/ou Metodológicos da Educação são acionadas para contemplar o conjunto de temáticas abordadas pelos autores no período histórico do estudo e nos diferentes espaços da revista, em estreita relação com suas finalidades no âmbito da socialização do conhecimento no campo da educação e saúde. Conclui-se que o periódico tem se mostrado espaço importante de sistematização e reflexões tanto dos desafios gerais da educação quanto dos específicos da educação em saúde, potencializando avanços qualitativos na formação profissional.(AU)


The text provides an overview of the twenty years of the Education axis in the journal Interface and analyzes this trajectory based on its publications. The examination of the articles reveals the predominant trends and enables us to reflect on the challenges to the next decades. The categories of analysis: Professional Health Education, Reorientation Policies for Professional Health Education/Health Teaching, Educational Health Practices and Theoretical and/or Methodological Foundations of Education are employed to encompass the set of themes approached by the authors in the historical period of the study, in the journal's different spaces, in a close relationship to the journal's purposes in the sphere of socialization of knowledge in the field of education and health. The conclusion is that Interface has been an important space for the systematization of the general challenges of education and of the specific challenges of health education, as well as for careful reflection on them, potentializing qualitative advances in professional education.(AU)


El texto rescata los veinte años del eje Educación en la revista Interface y problematiza esa trayectoria a partir de sus publicaciones. La mirada hacia esos trabajos revela las tendencias predominantes y reflexiona sobre los desafíos para las próximas décadas. Las categorías de análisis: Formación Profesional en Salud; Políticas de Reorientación de la Formación Profesional en Salud/ Docencia en Salud; Prácticas Educativas en Salud y Fundamentos Teóricos y/o Metodológicos de la Educación se ponen en acción para contemplar el conjunto de temas abordados por los autores en el período histórico del estudio, en los diferentes espacios de la revista, en estrecha relación con sus finalidades en el ámbito de la socialización del conocimiento en el campo de la educación y de la salud. Se concluye que la revista ha mostrado ser un espacio importante de sistematización y reflexiones, tanto de los desafíos generales de la educación como de los específicos de la educación en salud, potenciando avances cualitativos en la formación profesional.(AU)


Assuntos
Publicações Periódicas como Assunto/história , Educação em Saúde/tendências , Pessoal de Saúde/educação , Comunicação Acadêmica/história , Capacitação Profissional
2.
Aten. prim. (Barc., Ed. impr.) ; 51(7): 416-423, ago.-sept. 2019. graf, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-185729

RESUMO

Objetivo: Evaluar a corto y medio plazo la efectividad de una intervención de promoción de la salud bucodental impulsada desde Atención Primaria. Diseño: Ensayo comunitario de intervención no aleatorizado. Emplazamiento: Tres centros educativos de características sociodemográficas similares de un barrio empobrecido de Granada. Participantes: Participaron en el estudio 82 alumnos de entre 5 y 6 años del colegio intervención (CI) y 109 de los colegios control (CC), así como los profesores y padres/madres de los alumnos del CI. Intervención: Actividades escolares de promoción de la salud bucodental dirigidas a los alumnos, y reuniones periódicas con los profesores y padres/madres del CI durante 2 cursos consecutivos. Mediciones principales: Conocimientos sobre salud bucodental y hábitos higiénico-dietéticos de los alumnos, valorados mediante cuestionarios distribuidos antes de la intervención y transcurridos 6 y 18 meses. Resultados: Transcurridos 18 meses, los conocimientos adquiridos fueron significativamente superiores en el CI (OR 3,54; IC 95% 1,46-8,58) en comparación con los CC. El consumo de alimentos saludables aumentó significativamente en el desayuno (OR 2,95; IC 95% 1,26-6,89) y la merienda (OR 3,67; IC 95% 1,49-9,05) y disminuyó el consumo de bollería (OR 4,05; IC 95% 1,68-9,81) y refrescos azucarados (OR 3,79; IC 95% 1,57-9,12) respecto a los CC. No se observaron mejoras en relación con la higiene bucodental en el CI. Conclusiones: Las intervenciones escolares de educación sanitaria, desarrolladas de forma intersectorial, participativa y considerando los contextos socioeconómicos particulares, resultan eficaces en la mejora del conocimiento y los hábitos dietéticos de los alumnos


Objective: To evaluate the short and medium term effectiveness of a Primary Care-driven oral health promotion intervention. Design: A non-randomised community intervention trial. Setting: Three socio-demographically similar primary schools of a deprived neighborhood in Granada, Spain. Participants: Eighty-two intervention and 109 control students aged 5 to 6, as well as the teachers and the parent's association of the intervention school (IS) participated in the study. Intervention: School-based health promotion activities aimed at students, and regular meetings with the teachers and parents of the IS during 2 consecutive years. Main measurements: Students' oral health-related knowledge and behavior, assessed via questionnaires distributed before the intervention, and 6 and 18 months afterwards. Results: Compared to the control groups at 18 months, students belonging to the IS reported enhanced oral health knowledge (OR 3.54; 95% CI 1.46-8.58), and an increased consumption of healthy food at breakfast (OR 2.95; 95% CI 1.26-6.89) and during mid-afternoon snack (OR 3.67; 95% CI 1.49-9.05). A significant decrease was seen in the intake of pastries (OR 4.05; 95% CI 1.68-9.81) and sweetened soft drinks and juices (OR 3.79; 95% CI 1.57-9.12) amongst intervention compared to control students in the medium term (18 months). No significant improvements were observed concerning oral hygiene in the IS. Conclusions: School-based educational interventions, when developed through an intersectoral and participative approach and considering the socio-economic context, appear to be effective in improving students’ diet-related knowledge and behaviors


Assuntos
Humanos , Serviços de Saúde Escolar , Saúde Bucal , Comportamento Alimentar , Educação em Saúde/tendências , Promoção da Saúde , Inquéritos e Questionários , Modelos Logísticos
4.
PLoS Med ; 16(7): e1002846, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31283770

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The cesarean section (CS) rate has risen globally during the last two decades. Effective and feasible strategies are needed to reduce it. The aim of this study was to assess the CS rate change after a two-stage intervention package that was designed to reduce the overall CS rate in Guangzhou, China. METHODS AND FINDINGS: This intervention package was implemented by the Health Commission of Guangzhou Municipality in 2 stages (October 2010-September 2014 and October 2014-December 2016) and included programs for population health education, skills training for healthcare professionals, equipment and technical support for local healthcare facilities, and capacity building for the maternal near-miss care system. A retrospective repeated cross-sectional study was conducted to evaluate influences of the intervention on CS rates. A pre-intervention period from January 2008 to September 2010 served as the baseline. The primary outcome was the CS rate, and the secondary outcomes included maternal mortality ratio (MMR) and perinatal mortality rate (PMR), all obtained from the Guangzhou Perinatal Health Care and Delivery Surveillance System (GPHCDSS). The Cochran-Armitage test was used to examine the trends of the overall CS rate, MMR, and PMR across different stages. Segmented linear regression analysis was used to assess the change of the CS rate over the intervention period. A total of 1,921,932 records of births and 108 monthly CS rates from 2008 to 2016 were analyzed. The monthly CS rate declined across the intervention stages (Z = 75.067, p < 0.001), with an average rate of 42.4% at baseline, 39.8% at Stage 1, and 35.0% at Stage 2. The CS rate declined substantially among nulliparous women who delivered term singletons, with an accelerating decreasing trend observed across Stage 1 and Stage 2 (the difference in slopes: -0.09 [95% CI -0.16 to -0.02] between Stage 1 and baseline, p = 0.014; -0.11 [95% CI -0.20 to -0.02] between Stage 1 and Stage 2, p = 0.017). The CS rate in the remaining population increased during baseline and Stage 1 and subsequently decreased during Stage 2. The sensitivity analysis suggested no immediate impact of the universal two-child policy on the trend of the CS rate. The MMR (Z = -4.368, p < 0.001) and PMR (Z = -13.142, p < 0.001) declined by stage over the intervention period. One of the main limitations of the study is the lack of a parallel control group. Moreover, the influence of temporal changes in the study population on the CS rate was unknown. Given the observational nature of the present study, causality cannot be confirmed. CONCLUSIONS: Apparent decline in the overall CS rate was observed in Guangzhou, China, after the implementation of a two-stage intervention package. The decline was most evident among nulliparous women who delivered term singletons. Despite some limitations for causal inference, Guangzhou's experience in controlling the CS rate by implementing composite interventions with public health education and perinatal healthcare service improvement could have implications for other similar areas with high rates of CS.


Assuntos
Cesárea/tendências , Educação em Saúde/tendências , Assistência Perinatal/tendências , Padrões de Prática Médica/tendências , Adulto , Fortalecimento Institucional/tendências , Cesárea/efeitos adversos , Cesárea/mortalidade , China , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Pessoal de Saúde/educação , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Capacitação em Serviço/tendências , Mortalidade Materna/tendências , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto/tendências , Mortalidade Perinatal/tendências , Gravidez , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
5.
Rev. pesqui. cuid. fundam. (Online) ; 11(4): 968-975, jul.-set. 2019. il
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1005817

RESUMO

Objetivo: Descrever o desenvolvimento de estratégias educativas utilizadas em um grupo educativo para gestantes. Métodos: Estudo descritivo, desenvolvido em Acarape/CE, no qual foram realizados oito encontros semanais no período de janeiro a março de 2015. Em cada encontro, foram realizadas dinâmicas de apresentação, exposição do tema proposto em forma de diálogo e atividades para fixação do conhecimento. Resultados: As mulheres foram muito receptivas demonstrando interesse e satisfação com as atividades. Algumas informações já eram de conhecimento das participantes e outras precisaram ser mais detalhadas, no intuito de fornecer subsídios para que elas pudessem se auto cuidar e cuidar de seus filhos com mais propriedade. Conclusão: A atividade oportunizou a reunião de primíparas e multíparas, sendo esta vivência recomendada e considerada muito apropriada ao compartilhamento de experiências, ao aprendizado e à promoção do cuidado na gestação e no puerpério


Objective: The study's purpose has been to describe the development of educational strategies used in an educational group for pregnant women. Methods: It is a descriptive study that was carried out during eight weekly meetings over the period from January to March 2015, in Acarape city, Ceará State. At each meeting, were performed dynamics of presentation; exhibition of the proposed theme in dialogues and activities towards the knowledge capturing process. Results: The women were very receptive showing both interest and satisfaction concerning the activities. The women were already aware of some information, nonetheless, other kinds of information needed to be more detailed in order to provide subsidies, so that women could self-care and care for their children in a better way. Conclusion: The activity provided an opportunity to meeting primiparous and multiparous women, and this experience was considered very appropriate to share experiences, and also to learn and promote the care during pregnancy and postpartum period


Objetivo: Describir el desarrollo de estratégias educativas utilizadas en um grupo educativo para mujeres embarazadas. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo, desarrollo en Acarape-Ce, donde se realizaron ocho reuniones semanales en el período de enero a marzo de 2015. En cada encuentro, se realizaron dinámicas de presentación, exposición del tema propuesto en diálogo y actividades para fijación del conocimiento. Resultados: Las mujeres fueran muy receptivas demonstrando interés y satisfacción con las actividades. Algunas informaciones ya eran conocidas por las mujeres y otras necesitaron ser más detalladas, con el fin de proporcionar subsidios para que las mujeres pudieran autocuidarse y cuidar de sus hijos con más propiedad. Conclusión: La actividad oportunizó la reunión de primíparas y multíparas, siendo esta vivencia recomendada y considerada muy apropriada al compartir experiências, al aprendizaje y la promoción del cuidado durante el embarazo y el puerpério


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Cuidado Pré-Natal/métodos , Educação em Saúde/métodos , Serviços de Saúde Materno-Infantil , Cuidado Pré-Natal/tendências , Grupos de Autoajuda , Educação em Saúde/tendências , Promoção da Saúde
7.
Enferm. nefrol ; 22(2): 186-193, abr.-jun. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-186317

RESUMO

Introducción: El debut de la Enfermedad Renal Crónica (ERC) se ha relacionado en parte con los escasos conocimientos de los pacientes acerca de la fisiopatología renal y los factores de riesgo relacionados, lo que a su vez predice un peor diagnóstico y pronóstico. En este sentido, una correcta alfabetización en salud desde edades tempranas puede prevenir el desarrollo de hábitos de vida perniciosos. Objetivo principal: Evaluar los conocimientos de la población universitaria de Málaga sobre los conceptos básicos asociados a la ERC. Material y Método: Se llevó a cabo un estudio transversal-descriptivo con estudiantes de Grado en la Universidad de Málaga durante el curso 2016-2017, a través de un cuestionario autoadministrado elaborado Ad Hoc para determinar sus conocimientos sobre fisiopatología renal y su prevención. El cuestionario constó de 28 preguntas, divididas en 5 categorías temáticas y fue revisado previa administración, por 10 expertos en nefrología (médicos y enfermeras) y pilotado con 38 personas. Resultados: El nivel de conocimientos resultó ser bajo en general, con 14,3±4,7 respuestas correctas de 28. Se encontraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas según rama de conocimiento, donde los estudiantes de Ciencias de la Salud obtuvieron los mejores resultados con 18,25 (IC 17,18-19,32) respuestas correctas (p<0,001). Además, los estudiantes de la rama de Ciencias obtuvieron resultados equiparables a los de Ciencias de la Salud en preguntas sobre la anatomofisiología del riñón. Discusión y Conclusiones: La población universitaria de Málaga posee un bajo nivel de conocimientos acerca de la ERC. Se necesitan futuros estudios con población sana en este campo


Introduction: The onset of Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) has been partially related to the limited knowledge of patients about the renal pathophysiology and related risk factors, which in turn predicts a worse diagnosis and prognosis. In this regard, well-known health literacy since young ages could prevent the development of bad life habits. Main objective: To evaluate the knowledge about the basic concepts associated to the CKD in university students of Malaga. Material and Method: A cross-descriptive study was carried out with undergraduate students at the University of Malaga during the 2016-2017 academic year, through a self-administered questionnaire, prepared ad hoc, to determine their renal physiopathology and prevention knowledge. The questionnaire had 28 questions, divided into 5 thematic categories and was reviewed previous administration by 10 nephology experts (physicians and nurses) and was piloted with 38 people. Results: The level of knowledge was generally low, with an average of 14.13±4.7 hits over 28. Statistically significant differences were found by branch of knowledge, where Health Sciences students obtained the best results with 18.25 (CI 17.18-19.32) hits (p<0.001). In addition, Sciences branch students obtained comparable results to Health Sciences in renal anatomophysiology questions. Conclusions: Undergraduate students of the University of Malaga have a low level of knowledge of CKD. Future studies with healthy population in this field are needed


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Insuficiência Renal Crônica , Diálise Renal , Educação em Saúde/tendências , Percepção Social , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores Socioeconômicos
8.
Yakugaku Zasshi ; 139(4): 533-538, 2019.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30930383

RESUMO

We have conducted health promotion workshops in Kobe City, beginning in June 2016, to promote the view of pharmacies as community health centers that provide not only medicine but also offer support for maintaining and enhancing a person's health. To this end, we collaborated with Kobe Women's University (KWU). Our health promotion workshops included: 1. Activities of daily living (ADL) exercises led by a KWU professional; 2. Lectures on various diseases by dietitians and pharmacists; 3. Nutritional guidance from a dietitian; 4. Health counseling by a pharmacist; and 5. Measurements of bone density, vascular age, and so on. A significant portion of the participants were relatively healthy and had strong legs. In October 2017, we investigated changes in the participants' awareness about health through a questionnaire study. We analyzed the results of 26 individuals who participated in the workshops more than once-18 of them (69%) expressed increased interest in exercise, 15 (58%) had begun walking regularly, and 11 (42%) changed their diet in terms of dietary fiber and salt. This suggests that our health promotion workshops brought about positive changes in people with regard to awareness of health and a healthy lifestyle. To further explore how pharmacies might contribute to healthy life expectancy, we will continue to investigate the relationship between changes in exercise and diet and people's awareness of health. As a group exercise, from now on we have decided to expand the role of pharmacies as community health promotion centers with the slogan "Extend healthy life expectancy by having fun".


Assuntos
Assistência à Saúde/métodos , Promoção da Saúde/métodos , Envelhecimento Saudável , Estilo de Vida Saudável , Colaboração Intersetorial , Expectativa de Vida , Farmácias , Universidades , Atividades Cotidianas , Centros Comunitários de Saúde/tendências , Dieta , Educação , Exercício , Educação em Saúde/métodos , Educação em Saúde/tendências , Humanos , Japão , Farmácias/tendências , Inquéritos e Questionários
9.
Rev. pesqui. cuid. fundam. (Online) ; 11(3): 756-762, abr.-maio 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-987728

RESUMO

Objective: The study's purpose has been to identify the technologies focused on the health education of chronic renal patients aiming to promote the self-care. Methods: It is an integrative review that was performed in the databases LILACS, MEDLINE, SCOPUS, CINAHL and in the COCHRANE Library, where the final sample consisted of 16 articles. Results: The publications occurred between 2008 and 2016, prevailing studies with level III of evidence. The findings showed that the technologies used in health education for the promotion of chronic renal patient self-care used written materials (brochures, booklets and handouts), audiovisuals (videos, website, PowerPoint presentation, soap opera and interactive CD) and educational games as a communication vehicle. Conclusion: Among the articles that brought out these technologies, it was not verified their occurrence in the Brazilian scientific literature, then configuring a knowledge gap in that country


Objetivo: C: Identificar as tecnologias direcionadas para a educação em saúde de pacientes renais crônicos para a promoção do autocuidado. Métodos: Trata-se de uma revisão integrativa realizada nas bases de dados LILACS, MEDLINE, SCOPUS, CINAHL e na Biblioteca COCHRANE, sendo a amostra final composta por 16 artigos. Resultados: As publicações ocorreram entre 2008 e 2016, prevalecendo estudos com nível III de evidência. Os achados mostraram que as tecnologias utilizadas na educação em saúde para a promoção do autocuidado do paciente renal crônico utilizaram materiais escritos (folhetos, livretos e apostilas), audiovisuais (vídeos, website, apresentação de Power point, telenovela e CD interativo) e jogos educacionais como veículo de comunicação. Conclusão: Dentre os artigos que trouxeram essas tecnologias, não foram representantes na literatura cientifica brasileira, configurando-se uma lacuna de conhecimento nesse país


Objetivo: Identificar las tecnologías dirigidas a la educación de la salud en pacientes renales crónicos para promover el autocuidado. Método: Se trata de una revisión integradora llevado a cabo en las bases de datos LILACS, MEDLINE, Scopus, CINAHL y Cochrane Library, y la muestra final de 16 artículos. Resultados: Publicaciones ocurrieron entre 2008 y 2016, los estudios ya existe con las pruebas de nivel III. Los resultados mostraron que las tecnologías utilizadas en la educación sanitaria para la promoción de los materiales renal crónica paciente autocuidado utilizados por escrito (folletos, prospectos y folletos), audiovisuales (videos, sitios web, presentaciones de Power Point, series de televisión y CD interactivo) y juegos educativos como vehículo de comunicación. Conclusión: Entre los artículos que trajeron estas tecnologías no eran representantes en la literatura científica brasileña, la creación de un vacío de conocimiento en este país


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Autocuidado/estatística & dados numéricos , Educação em Saúde/métodos , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/terapia , Autocuidado/instrumentação , Educação em Saúde/tendências
10.
J Nippon Med Sch ; 86(1): 32-37, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30918154

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is 8.6% in Japan and 10% worldwide. Unfortunately, many patients with COPD are not correctly identified and appropriately educated regarding the condition. In this paper, we demonstrate that some citizens of Ebina City with symptoms suspicious for COPD, such as cough, sputum production, and shortness of breath, have undiagnosed COPD. We describe our activities to raise awareness of COPD through a 10-year campaign. METHODS: From 2006 to 2015, we developed activities to raise awareness of COPD, including public lectures, utilization of pulmonary function tests, and questionnaires on subjective symptoms and knowledge of COPD. RESULTS: Among 1,206 participants aged>40 years, COPD was suspected in 5.6%, as indicated by airway obstruction (i.e. forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1)/forced vital capacity ratio (FVC) <0.70). However, most of these participants were not diagnosed with COPD. Furthermore, half of these participants had not consulted a medical institution despite demonstrating symptoms. Results of the COPD awareness questionnaire, which was administered to 1,055 people, indicated that 65% of survey respondents were unaware of COPD. CONCLUSIONS: There are individuals with symptoms suspicious for COPD who are unaware of the disease at the Plaza in Ebina City. Clinicians have a responsibility to raise public awareness of COPD and to reduce the prevalence of COPD and its associated mortality.


Assuntos
Educação em Saúde/tendências , Promoção da Saúde/tendências , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/epidemiologia , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/prevenção & controle , Abandono do Hábito de Fumar , Fumar/psicologia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/diagnóstico , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/psicologia , Testes de Função Respiratória , Inquéritos e Questionários , Fatores de Tempo
11.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 72(1): 3-8, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30916261

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To point out limits and possibilities involved in the teaching and learning process of undergraduate students from Health of a Federal Public Higher Education Institution on breastfeeding. METHOD: Instantaneous photography study carried out in undergraduate courses in the area of Health with professors and students involved in the teaching and learning process on breastfeeding. For data collection, the Focal Group technique was used with the students and the semi-structured interview with the professors. The speeches were submitted to the thematic content analysis of Bardin. RESULTS: It was identified the thematic category: Limits and possibilities for the teaching and learning process on breastfeeding, from two sub-categories: Structural limitations of the courses; and Advances and obstacles in the relationship between theory and practice. FINAL CONSIDERATIONS: Limits indicated as workload deficit and professor-centered teaching made progress in learning about breastfeeding difficult, and interdisciplinarity was a step forward in this process.


Assuntos
Pessoal Técnico de Saúde/educação , Aleitamento Materno/métodos , Currículo/normas , Estudantes/psicologia , Pessoal Técnico de Saúde/psicologia , Pessoal Técnico de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Brasil , Aleitamento Materno/tendências , Coleta de Dados , Grupos Focais/métodos , Educação em Saúde/métodos , Educação em Saúde/tendências , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto/métodos , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Universidades/organização & administração , Universidades/estatística & dados numéricos
12.
Therapie ; 74(1): 131-140, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30660377

RESUMO

A flagship recommendation of the citizen's steering committee on immunization, the mandatory immunization for infants extended to 11 vaccines, introduced in January 2018, is part of a set of recommendations that must be considered as a whole, each component being indispensable to the achievement of objectives: restore confidence in vaccination and increase immunization coverage. Roundtable # 6 participants identified a decade of concrete initiatives that could address, at least in part, the committee's recommendations, including: developing information systems and data generation; simplify the vaccination journey and increase vaccination opportunities; developing training of health professionals; learning vaccines at school; using motivational interviewing in educational intervention; undertaking local initiatives; improving supply and communicate on the value of vaccines. To carry out these actions, it has been proposed that a joint ministerial task-force bringing together the different stakeholders at the national level should be set up to promote their implementation and follow-up, and at regional level, the establishment of an Agences régionales de santé awareness plan making vaccination a priority.


Assuntos
Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde , Vacinas , Comunicação , França , Educação em Saúde/tendências , Humanos , Programas de Imunização/tendências , Programas Obrigatórios , Motivação , Farmacovigilância , Saúde Pública , Instituições Acadêmicas , Vacinação/tendências , Cobertura Vacinal
13.
Nurse Educ Pract ; 34: 63-71, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30458412

RESUMO

The link between interprofessional collaboration and interprofessional education has been at the centre of discourse for some time. To understand some of the challenges of interprofessional collaboration, a research study was undertaken. The study investigated the interprofessional socialisation experiences of health professional educators, across five higher education faculties in Perth, Western Australia (WA). An interpretive phenomenological framework was utilised to explore the phenomena of interprofessional socialisation. Twenty-six professional educators were interviewed from a variety of health-related disciplines and qualitative content analysis was undertaken with the aid of NVivo 10 software. Examination of the data discovered a range of barriers that were potentially preventing professionals from working together effectively, within education. Overcoming some of these obstacles were identified, such as, professional language, organizational support, time and workload and the proximity of professionals. The research also recommended a framework that would support health educators. Currently, there are conceptual frameworks that guide the professional and interprofessional socialisation of healthcare graduates within education. Whereas, there is very little guidance or frameworks to support professional educators interprofessional experiences. The heath educators' interprofessional socialisation (HEIPS) framework is presented within this paper, and is a four-step process to encourage the interprofessional socialisation of educators within universities.


Assuntos
Docentes/psicologia , Educação em Saúde/métodos , Relações Interprofissionais , Comportamento Cooperativo , Docentes/normas , Educação em Saúde/tendências , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto/métodos , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Socialização , Austrália Ocidental
14.
J Am Assoc Nurse Pract ; 31(4): 269-277, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30431550

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Chronic diseases such as heart disease, type 2 diabetes, and obesity disproportionately affect minority adults, including African Americans. Engaging in lifestyle changes such as improving dietary habits and increasing physical activity can decrease the incidence and severity of these chronic diseases. The purpose of this research study was to explore the impact of a nutrition education program on health behaviors, lifestyle barriers, emotional eating, and body mass index (BMI) in a community-based setting with a minority sample. METHODS: A convenience sample of 47 primarily African American adults participated in two similar Full Plate Diet nutrition interventions for 6 weeks (group I) and 8 weeks (group II). Participants completed pre-assessment and post-assessment of fruit, vegetable, and fat intake, as well as pre-assessment and post-assessment on physical activity, healthy lifestyle barriers, emotional eating, and BMI. CONCLUSIONS: After intervention, there was a significant increase in intake of fruits and vegetables and decreased fat intake. No significant differences were found in physical activity, healthy lifestyle barriers, emotional eating, or BMI after the intervention. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: A structured, community-based nutrition education program may result in improved dietary habits among African Americans.


Assuntos
Afro-Americanos/educação , Educação em Saúde/métodos , Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição , Ensino/normas , Adulto , Afro-Americanos/psicologia , Afro-Americanos/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Índice de Massa Corporal , Exercício/fisiologia , Comportamento Alimentar/psicologia , Feminino , Florida , Educação em Saúde/tendências , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estado Nutricional , Pesquisa Qualitativa
15.
Psychiatry Res ; 270: 792-800, 2018 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30551327

RESUMO

The study aims to report the number of newspaper articles including the word "schizo" in the period 2001 - 2015 and to identify possible predictors reinforcing negative stereotypes about people with schizophrenia. The electronic archives of the Italian newspaper "La Stampa" have been searched for the term "schizo". Selected articles were grouped in articles related to mental health (rMH) or article not related to mental health (nrMH). 946 articles were identified. Schizophrenia-related terms were used in 356 (36.03%) article rMH, which mainly reinforce negative stereotypes regarding mental illness both in rMH and nrMH groups. Over time, only in the rMH group a significant reduction of articles reinforcing negative stereotypes was found. Several factors have been identified as predictors of article reinforcing negative stereotypes: unnecessarily dramatic or sensational headline or content; inaccurate or not in the correct context use of medical terminology; emphasis to the illness rather than to the person; mental disorders are the same; disclosure of particular individual has a mental illness. Although there has been a significant reduction in stigmatizing articles, in the rMH group one article out of three reinforces negative stereotypes.


Assuntos
Educação em Saúde/tendências , Saúde Mental/educação , Jornais como Assunto/tendências , Esquizofrenia , Estereotipagem , Feminino , Previsões , Necessidades e Demandas de Serviços de Saúde/tendências , Humanos , Itália , Masculino , Saúde Mental/tendências , Serviços de Saúde Mental/tendências , Privacidade , Encaminhamento e Consulta/tendências , Esquizofrenia/terapia
16.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 38(4): 149-153, dic. 2018.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1022630

RESUMO

A partir de los trabajos asistenciales y comunitarios realizados por el equipo de salud del Centro de Medicina Familiar y Comunitaria San Pantaleón en la comunidad de Bajo Boulogne a la que pertenece, y del intercambio con instituciones escolares y organizaciones barriales de la zona, detectamos la aparición de comportamientos poco saludables y riesgosos en los y las adolescentes de la comunidad. Dado que las intervenciones de educación para la salud en este grupo etario son fundamentales debido a que tienden a promover aspectos positivos en el desarrollo de los adolescentes, y favorecen su formación como multiplicadores de hábitos saludables, decidimos desarrollar un programa de educación para la salud en un colegio de la comunidad de Bajo Boulogne. (AU)


From the experience obtained in assistance and community work carried out by the health team at Family and Community Medicine Center (San Pantaleon) in the Bajo Boulogne community, and of the exchange with school institutions and community centers, we detected the appearance of unhealthy and risky behaviors in the adolescents of the community. The interventions in health education with teenagers are necessary because they promote positive aspects in teenager's development and allow their formation as health promoters. So that we decided to develop an education program for teenager's health at a school in the community of Bajo Boulogne. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Serviços Preventivos de Saúde/métodos , Serviços de Saúde Escolar/organização & administração , Educação em Saúde/métodos , Comportamento do Adolescente/psicologia , Desenvolvimento do Adolescente , Serviços Preventivos de Saúde/tendências , Serviços de Saúde Escolar/tendências , Violência , Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis , Educação em Saúde/organização & administração , Educação em Saúde/tendências , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias , Saúde Sexual e Reprodutiva , Comportamento Sedentário , Estilo de Vida Saudável
17.
BMC Geriatr ; 18(1): 284, 2018 11 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30445922

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A good nutritional status is key for maintaining health and quality of life in older adults. In the Netherlands, 11 to 35% of the community-dwelling elderly are undernourished. Undernutrition or the risk of it should be signalled as soon as possible to be able to intervene at an early stage. However, in the context of an ageing population health care resources are scarce, evoking interest in health enabling technologies such as telemonitoring. This article describes the design of an intervention study focussing at telemonitoring and improving nutritional status of community-dwelling elderly. METHODS: The PhysioDom Home Dietary Intake Monitoring intervention was evaluated using a parallel arm pre-test post-test design including 215 Dutch community-dwelling elderly aged > 65 years. The six-month intervention included nutritional telemonitoring, television messages, and dietary advice by a nurse or a dietician. The control group received usual care. Measurements were performed at baseline, after 4.5 months, and at the end of the study, and included the primary outcome nutritional status and secondary outcomes behavioural determinants, diet quality, appetite, body weight, physical activity, physical functioning, and quality of life. Furthermore, a process evaluation was conducted to provide insight into intervention delivery, feasibility, and acceptability. DISCUSSION: This study will improve insight into feasibility and effectiveness of telemonitoring of nutritional parameters in community-dwelling elderly. This will provide relevant insights for health care professionals, researchers, and policy makers. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The study was retrospectively registered at Clinical-Trials.gov (identifier NCT03240094 ) since August 3, 2017.


Assuntos
Vida Independente , Terapia Nutricional/métodos , Estado Nutricional/fisiologia , Telemedicina/métodos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Peso Corporal/fisiologia , Dieta/métodos , Dieta/tendências , Exercício/fisiologia , Exercício/psicologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Educação em Saúde/métodos , Educação em Saúde/tendências , Humanos , Vida Independente/tendências , Masculino , Países Baixos/epidemiologia , Terapia Nutricional/tendências , Nutricionistas/tendências , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Telemedicina/tendências , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Gac. sanit. (Barc., Ed. impr.) ; 32(supl.1): 86-91, oct. 2018. ilus, tab, mapas
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-174237

RESUMO

La vinculación de la universidad con la comunidad a la que pertenece es uno de los principios básicos en los que esta institución se sustenta. Una comunidad será saludable en la medida en que existan múltiples conexiones entre los individuos y las subagrupaciones que la integran. Al trabajar en promoción de la salud, hablar de participación y de modelos participativos implica asumir que personas y comunidades tienen el derecho de autogestionarse. Viabilizar la participación implicará abrir posibilidades para la cogestión, la autonomía, la comprensión de realidades dinámicas, la formalización de alianzas y la transformación de contextos y formas de relación. Implicará entender la salud como un derecho. El trabajo en red es fundamental en un mundo interconectado y global. El Proyecto de Universidades Promotoras de Salud se construye desde sus inicios con la participación de la comunidad universitaria con el objetivo de mejorar las condiciones para la salud, la calidad de vida y el bienestar de todos los miembros de la comunidad. Las universidades son escenarios idóneos para implementar estrategias de mejora de los estilos de vida de sus miembros, que además trasciendan a los espacios universitarios y afecten positivamente a la vida de las personas dentro y fuera de los campus. Las redes de Universidades Promotoras de la Salud en América Latina se institucionalizaron en el año 2003, y tomaron forma de Red Iberoamericana de Universidades Promotoras de la Salud en 2007, en el marco del III Congreso de Universidades Promotoras de la Salud desarrollado en Ciudad Juárez, México. En España se creó en 2008 la Red Española de Universidades Saludables con el objetivo de reforzar el papel de las universidades como entornos promotores de la salud y el bienestar tanto de sus estudiantes como de su personal y de la sociedad, liderando y apoyando procesos de cambio social


The connection of the University with the community to which it belongs is one of the basic principles on which the former is based. A community will be healthy as long as there are many connections between the individuals and sub-groups that form it. Working on health promotion, talking about participation and participatory models implies the assumption that people and communities have the right to self-manage. Implementing participation will involve opening up possibilities for co-management, autonomy, understanding of dynamic realities, the formalization of alliances, the transformation of contexts, and forms of relationship. It will involve understanding health as a right. Networking is fundamental in an interconnected and global world. Since its inception, the Project of Health Promoting Universities has been built with the participation of the university community towards improving the conditions for health, quality of life and well-being of all members of the community. Universities are ideal scenarios to implement strategies to improve the lifestyles of their members that also transcend to the university spaces and positively affect the lives of people on and off campus. The networks of Health Promoting Universities in Latin America were institutionalized in 2003, and took the form of the Ibero-American Network of Health Promoting Universities in 2007 within the framework of the third Conference on Health Promoting Universities held in the city of Juarez, Mexico. In 2008, the Spanish Network of Healthy Universities was created in Spain, in order to enhance the role of universities as environments that promote the health and well-being of their students, their staff and society, leading and supporting processes of social change


Assuntos
Humanos , Educação em Saúde/tendências , Promoção da Saúde/métodos , Enfermagem em Saúde Comunitária/educação , Medicina Comunitária/educação , Agentes Comunitários de Saúde/educação , Participação da Comunidade/tendências , Universidades/tendências , Redes Comunitárias/tendências , Programas Gente Saudável/organização & administração
19.
Drug Alcohol Depend ; 192: 1-7, 2018 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30195241

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: People who inject drugs face several health issues because of unsafe injecting practices. We aimed to evaluate changes in supervised drug-injecting practices following the implementation of a face-to-face educational intervention. METHODS: The national study ANRS-AERLI was conducted in 17 harm reduction (HR) facilities in France between 2011 and 2013. Eight offered the intervention and nine did not. We conducted a pre-post analysis focusing on injecting practices data, collected in the 8 HR facilities providing the intervention. The intervention consisted of providing face-to-face educational sessions including direct observation of injecting practices, counseling about safer injecting, and shared discussion. Injecting practices were collected following a checklist and classified as safe or unsafe. To assess changes in injecting practices, practices were compared before (at baseline) and after at least one educational session. FINDINGS: Mixed logistic models showed that the 78 participants included were more likely to improve in the following drug-use steps: setting up a clean preparation area (Adjusted Odds Ratio (AOR) = 3.4, 95% Confidence Interval (95% CI) = 1.6-7.6), hand washing (AOR = 7.2, 95% CI = 3.1-16.4), skin cleaning (AOR = 5.6, 95% CI = 2.5-12.1), choice of safe injection site (AOR = 6.5, 95% CI = 1.5-28.8) and post-injection bleeding management (AOR = 12.8, 95% CI = 5.5-29.9). Furthermore, participants were less likely to lick their needles before injecting (AOR = 8.1, 95% CI = 1.5-43.4) and to perform booting/flushing (AOR = 2.5, 95% CI = 1.2-5.3). CONCLUSIONS: The AERLI intervention seems to be effective in increasing safe drug-injecting practices.


Assuntos
Educação em Saúde/métodos , Vida Independente/educação , Programas de Troca de Agulhas/métodos , Abuso de Substâncias por Via Intravenosa/epidemiologia , Abuso de Substâncias por Via Intravenosa/prevenção & controle , Adulto , Feminino , França/epidemiologia , Redução do Dano , Educação em Saúde/tendências , Humanos , Vida Independente/tendências , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Programas de Troca de Agulhas/tendências , Adulto Jovem
20.
Nutr. hosp ; 35(n.extr.4): 70-74, sept. 2018.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-181547

RESUMO

Objetivos: conocer mejor al consumidor para poder informarle, mejorar su protección y fomentar su responsabilidad, incidiendo en el papel de las organizaciones de consumidores en la alfabetización alimentaria de la población española. Métodos: más de 2.000 familias de todas las comunidades autónomas participaron en la Encuesta sobre hábitos de consumo 2016, cuyo objetivo era conocer mejor el perfil del nuevo consumidor español y fomentar el consumo responsable. Se analizan los hábitos de consumo, los factores que influyen en la compra y el nivel de información de consumidores. Resultados: el 65% de los consumidores elige el supermercado como lugar de compra habitual; la compra de productos frescos se impone al resto. Los datos reflejan hábitos alimentarios de los ciudadanos menos saludables de lo recomendable y un bajo conocimiento sobre alimentos libres de alérgenos, ecológicos o transgénicos. El 75% reconoce que la situación económica le ha obligado a cambiar en parte sus hábitos de consumo y alimentación. Lo más valorado a la hora de seleccionar un producto son la calidad y el precio, factores que junto con la proximidad del establecimiento condicionan la elección del lugar de compra. El 71% de los consumidores dicen buscar información sobre productos antes de comprarlos y encontrarla en el etiquetado. Valoran la información sobre caducidad, ingredientes, precio, lugar de origen e información nutricional. Solo el 71% diferencia entre fecha de caducidad y de consumo preferente. Conclusiones: para una asociación de consumidores, la educación nutricional no solo debe contemplar la difusión de información acerca de alimentos y nutrientes, sino también proporcionar herramientas para saber qué hacer y cómo actuar para mejorar la nutrición, creando entornos que faciliten buenas opciones alimentarias y capacidades que permitan a individuos, instituciones y empresas comprometerse con la adopción de prácticas más saludables


Objectives: to gain a better understanding about consumers in order to be able to inform them, improve their protection and promote their responsibility, emphasizing the role of consumer organizations in improving the food literacy of the Spanish population. Methods: more than 2,000 families from all the Autonomous Regions of Spain participated in the "Survey on consumer habits 2016", which aimed to better understand the profile of the new Spanish consumer and encourage responsible consumption. We analysed consumer habits, factors that influence purchase and level of information of consumers. Results: some 65% of consumers choose supermarkets as their usual place of purchase; the purchase of fresh products is imposed on the rest. The data reflect dietary habits of citizens are less healthy than recommended and little knowledge about food allergen-free, ecological or transgenic foods. About 75% acknowledge that the economic situation forced them to change partially consumption and food habits. When selecting a product, people value the most quality and price, factors that together with the proximity of the point-of-purchase influence the choice of place of purchase. 71% of consumers say they look for information about products before buying them and find it on labels. They value information on expiration date, ingredients, price, place of origin and nutritional information. Only 71% difference between expiration date and preferential consumption. Conclusions: for a consumer association, nutrition education should not only contemplate the dissemination of information about food and nutrients, but also provide tools to know what to do and how to act to improve nutrition, creating environments that provide good food options and capabilities that allow to individuals, institutions and companies to commit to adopting healthier practices


Assuntos
Humanos , Associações de Consumidores/tendências , Dieta , Educação em Saúde/tendências , Ciências da Nutrição/tendências , Comportamento Alimentar , Indústria Alimentícia , Promoção da Saúde , Alfabetização em Saúde
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA