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2.
Gac. sanit. (Barc., Ed. impr.) ; 34(6): 567-571, nov.-dic. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-200248

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: Describir las actividades formativas en participación comunitaria en salud que se realizan en España. MÉTODO: Identificación y análisis descriptivo de las acciones formativas en el periodo 2017-2018 en los ámbitos de la universidad, la Administración pública y las unidades docentes de medicina y enfermería familiar y comunitaria. RESULTADOS: Se incluyeron 28 actividades formativas en el análisis descriptivo de ocho comunidades autónomas diferentes y dos de ámbito nacional. La mayoría de las actividades formativas son presenciales e impartidas por unidades docentes de formación especializada para profesionales de medicina y enfermería de atención familiar y comunitaria, con una duración de entre 10 y 25 horas, y sin coste de matriculación. CONCLUSIÓN: Existe un vacío formativo en la mayoría de las comunidades autónomas que evidencia que la formación en participación comunitaria en salud es escasa y está poco integrada. Las actividades formativas analizadas están incluidas principalmente en la formación de especialistas de medicina y enfermería de familia y comunitaria, si bien esta formación no está unificada ni se incorpora en todos los planes docentes. Para una mirada integral sobre la salud de las personas es esencial incluir la participación comunitaria en salud en la formación de grado y posgrado, tanto del ámbito sanitario como de otras disciplinas. Las instituciones responsables de la formación en los diferentes niveles deben incluir la participación comunitaria en salud en los itinerarios formativos de los profesionales


OBJECTIVE: To describe the professional training health professionals receive in community health engagement in Spain. METHOD: The identification and descriptive analysis of trainings developed between 2013-2018 offered by public universities, public administrations and the teaching units for the specialization of family and community health doctors and nurses. RESULTS: Twenty eight trainings were included in the descriptive analysis. Most of them had been organized during 2018 in eight Autonomous Communities. Two of them were organized at a national level. Most trainings were attendance based and have been developed by teaching units in charge of training doctors and nurses specializing in family and community health, with an average duration of 10-25hours and no enrolment costs. CONCLUSION: There is a lack of training in community health engagement in the majority of autonomous communities in Spain which shows that it is scarce and not yet fully integrated in the training of health professionals. The trainings that have been analyzed are mainly part of wider specialization programs for doctors and nurses specializing in family and community health, and even so this training is not standardized and included in the specialization programs of all the Spanish regions. To develop a comprehensive health approach it is key to include community health engagement as part of the trainings professionals receive during their University degree, and to extend it to other health professions. The institutions responsible for the training of health professionals should include community health engagement as part of the different training itineraries of professionals


Assuntos
Humanos , Participação da Comunidade/tendências , Medicina Comunitária/educação , Educação em Saúde/tendências , Espanha/epidemiologia , Promoção da Saúde/organização & administração
3.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 32(5): 453-458, 2020 Jun 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33185054

RESUMO

Soil-transmitted nematodiasis was once widely prevalent in Jiangsu Province, which seriously threatened human health and hindered socioeconomic development. The control efforts over decades resulted in a remarkable decline in the prevalence of soil-transmitted nematode human infections in Jiangsu Province, with a reduction from 59.32% in 1989 to 0.12% in 2019, and the human prevalence remains at < 0.5% since 2013. Since 1987, an integrated strategy has been adopted for the control of soil-transmitted nematodiasis in Jiangsu Province; however, the core interventions varies at different stages, which mainly include deworming, water and sanitation service improvement, health education, and monitoring and assessment. The criteria of effective soil-transmitted nematodiasis control had been achieved in all epidemic counties (districts) of Jiangsu Province by 2019. Further actions to strengthen health education and monitoring and implement precision control measures are required to consolidate the achievements of soil-transmitted nematodiasis control and eliminate the harm of soil-transmitted nematodiasis to humans. This review summarizes the epidemiology, control progress and evolution of control strategy of soil-transmitted nematodiasis in Jiangsu Province.


Assuntos
Epidemias , Infecções por Nematoides , China/epidemiologia , Epidemias/prevenção & controle , Educação em Saúde/normas , Educação em Saúde/tendências , Humanos , Infecções por Nematoides/epidemiologia , Infecções por Nematoides/prevenção & controle , Prevalência , Saneamento/normas , Saneamento/tendências , Solo/parasitologia
4.
Rev. salud pública ; 22(5): e401, sep.-oct. 2020.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1139457

RESUMO

RESUMEN Este ensayo expone cómo el educador de la salud, en su quehacer en el campo de la salud pública tradicional, solventa formas de relación con los educandos, enmarcadas en la preponderancia del modelo biomédico, a través de la imposición de significados y valores situados en una concepción biologista de la enfermedad que ha invisibilizado a la salud. En contraste, se presenta la perspectiva crítica de la salud pública alternativa como una posibilidad de resignificar la práctica del educador de la salud. A partir de actuaciones en las que la salud se entiende como un constructo social, el presente artículo busca potenciar abordajes más coherentes con la realidad de los problemas complejos relacionados con la salud desde su conexión con la vida.(AU)


ABSTRACT This essay argues how the health educator in his work in the field of traditional public health solves forms of relationship with the students, framed in the preponderance of the biomedical model, through the imposition of meanings and values located in a conception biologist of the disease that has made health invisible. In contrast, the critical perspective of alternative public health is presented as a possibility to give another meaning to the practice of the health educator. On the roll of the health like a social construct, this paper aims to boost approaches more consistent with the reality of the complex problems related to the health from its connection with the life.(AU)


Assuntos
Prática de Saúde Pública , Educação em Saúde/tendências , Educadores em Saúde/tendências , Promoção da Saúde
5.
Gac. sanit. (Barc., Ed. impr.) ; 34(5): 449-458, sept.-oct. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-198867

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyse to what extent pregnant women remembered having received health advice regarding alcohol consumption during pregnancy, what the message they perceived was and whether there is social inequality in this regard. METHOD: A cross-sectional descriptive study was performed with a sample of 426 pregnant women (in their 20th week of pregnancy) receiving care in the outpatient clinics of a university hospital in a southern Spanish city (Seville). The data were collected through face-to-face structured interviews carried out by trained health professionals. RESULTS: 43% of the interviewed women stated that they had not received any health advice in this regard. Only 43.5% of the sample remembered having received the correct message (not to consume any alcohol at all during pregnancy) from their midwife, 25% from their obstetrician and 20.3% from their general practitioner. The women with a low educational level were those who least declared having received health advice on the issue. CONCLUSION: The recommended health advice to avoid alcohol consumption during pregnancy does not effectively reach a large proportion of pregnant women. Developing institutional programmes which help healthcare professionals to carry out effective preventive activities of foetal alcohol spectrum disorder is needed


OBJETIVO: Analizar en qué medida las gestantes recuerdan haber recibido asesoramiento sanitario sobre el consumo de alcohol durante el embarazo, cuál es el mensaje percibido y si existe desigualdad social al respecto. MÉTODO: Se realizó un estudio transversal descriptivo con 426 mujeres en su semana 20 de embarazo en las consultas externas de un hospital universitario de Sevilla (España). Los datos se recopilaron mediante entrevistas estructuradas cara a cara realizadas por profesionales sanitarias entrenadas. RESULTADOS: El 43% de las entrevistadas afirmaron no haber recibido consejo sanitario alguno al respecto. Solo el 43,5% dijeron que habían recibido el mensaje correcto (no beber absolutamente nada de alcohol durante el embarazo) por parte de la matrona, el 25% por el obstetra y el 20,3% por el médico de atención primaria. Las embarazadas con menor nivel educativo fueron las que menos refirieron haber recibido asesoramiento sanitario sobre el tema. CONCLUSIÓN: El consejo sanitario adecuado (evitar todo consumo de alcohol durante el embarazo) no llega de manera efectiva a una amplia proporción de las gestantes. Es necesario desarrollar programas institucionales que posibiliten que los profesionales sanitarios puedan llevar a cabo con eficacia actividades preventivas de los trastornos del espectro alcohólico fetal


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/prevenção & controle , Complicações na Gravidez/prevenção & controle , Transtornos do Espectro Alcoólico Fetal/prevenção & controle , Aconselhamento Diretivo/estatística & dados numéricos , Transtornos do Espectro Alcoólico Fetal/epidemiologia , Educação em Saúde/tendências , Gradiente Socioeconômico de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Gestantes/educação
6.
Enferm. nefrol ; 23(3): 285-293, jul.-sept. 2020. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-ET1-6810

RESUMO

INTRODUCCIÓN: La alfabetización en salud se reconoce como resultado del proceso de educación para la salud. El conocimiento sobre estilos de vida saludables o las medidas necesarias para evitar el desarrollo o progreso de enfermedades es importante en etapas vulnerables como la juventud. OBJETIVO: Evaluar el conocimiento que poseen los jóvenes universitarios cubanos sobre la enfermedad renal crónica. MATERIAL Y MÉTODO: Estudio observacional descriptivo de corte transversal. El estudio se llevó a cabo en la Universidad Central "Marta Abreu" de las Villas, (Cuba). Se obtuvo una muestra de 420 estudiantes mediante muestreo probabilístico aleatorio estratificado. Se empleó como instrumento el Cuestionario de conocimiento sobre la enfermedad renal crónica. Además se estudiaron otras variables como sexo, edad, carrera, facultad, año académico y provincia de residencia. RESULTADOS: El 55,7% de los jóvenes no tenía conocimientos previos sobre la enfermedad renal. No se encontraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre los hombres y las mujeres en cuanto nivel de conocimiento por categorías temáticas. Se encontraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas en la puntuación total del Cuestionario entre las diferentes facultades y años académicos. CONCLUSIONES: Se reconoce un mayor nivel de conocimiento en las categorías temáticas síntomas, características y detección de la enfermedad renal crónica y factores predisponentes, mientras que la categoría de comorbilidades asociadas mostró los peores resultados. Las facultades de Construcciones, Matemática, Física y Computación e Ingeniería Mecánica e Industrial mostraron mejores resultados en las respuestas ofrecidas


INTRODUCTION: Health literacy is recognized as a result of the health education process. Knowledge about healthy lifestyles or measures necessary to avoid the development or progression of diseases is important in vulnerable stages such as youth. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the knowledge that young Cuban university students have about chronic kidney disease. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Cross-sectional descriptive observational study. The study was carried out at the Universidad Central "Marta Abreu" de las Villas, (Cuba). A sample of 420 students was obtained by stratified random probability sampling. The knowledge questionnaire on chronic kidney disease was used as an instrument. In addition, other variables such as sex, age, university degree, faculty, academic year and province of residence were collected. RESULTS: 55.7% of the young people had no previous knowledge about kidney disease. No statistically significant differences were found between men and women in terms of level of knowledge by subject categories. Statistically significant differences were found in the total score of the questionnaire between the different faculties and academic years. CONCLUSIONS: A higher level of knowledge is recognized in the thematic categories focused on symptoms, characteristics and detection of chronic kidney disease and predisposing factors, while the category related to associated comorbidities showed the worst results. The Faculties of Construction, Mathematics, Physics and Computing, and Mechanical and Industrial Engineering showed better results in the answers offered


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto Jovem , Educação em Saúde/tendências , Insuficiência Renal Crônica , Diálise Renal , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Cuba/epidemiologia , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Transversais
8.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32430510

RESUMO

Digitalization has revolutionized the conditions and framework of media communication, including health education and promotion. The production and consumption of audio-visual formats is constantly increasing. In this contribution, the importance of digital audio-visual elements within public health interventions via the Internet is emphasized. With recent examples from the audio-visual practice of the Federal Centre for Health Education (BZgA, Cologne) a spectrum of health education video formats on the Internet is presented, together with related objectives and message strategies. In future, further research on reception processes and outcomes should be performed as well as on whether moving image formats on the Internet can contribute to better contact with socially disadvantaged target groups.


Assuntos
Recursos Audiovisuais , Educação em Saúde/métodos , Saúde Pública , Telemedicina , Previsões , Alemanha , Educação em Saúde/tendências , Internet
9.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 32(3): 273-281, 2020 Apr 26.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32468790

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To understand the status of knowledge, attitude and practice on echinococcosis prevention and control and investigate their influencing factors among residents living in Seda County of Sichuan Province, so as to provide a scientific basis for the further implementation of health education interventions in the county. METHODS: A multi-stage stratified random sampling method was employed on September 2018. Ten townships were randomly sampled, and 2 to 3 administrative villages were randomly sampled from each township. Then, 20 to 40 households were randomly sampled from each village, and 1 to 2 villagers were investigated in each household. The knowledge, attitude and practice on echinococcosis prevention and control were investigated using a household questionnaire survey, and the factors affecting the qualification of echinococcosis prevention and control knowledge were identified using chi-square test and logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: A total of 760 questionnaires were assigned, and 748 effective questionnaires were recovered, with a recovery rate of 98.42%. The overall qualification rate of echinococcosis prevention and control knowledge was 56.42% (422/748) in residents living in Seda County, and the awareness of the question "How to get echinococcosis?" was only 48.40%. The proportion of subjects with a positive attitude towards echinococcosis prevention and control was 64.71% to 94.79%, and the rate of corrected echinococcosis prevention and control behaviors was 10.40% to 82.45%. Univariate analysis showed that factors affecting the qualification rate of echinococcosis prevention and control knowledge included gender, occupation, education level, frequency of echinococcosis screening and frequency of health education (all P < 0.05), and binary logistic regression analysis showed that women, herdsmen as the primary occupation, an education level of primary school and below, absence of echinococcosis screening and absence of health education were factors responsible for the unqualified awareness of echinococcosis prevention and control knowledge (all P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: There is a low awareness rate of echinococcosis prevention and control knowledge and a low proportion of corrected echinococcosis prevention and control behaviors in residents living in Seda County, Sichuan Province. Multiple forms of health education activities pertaining to echinococcosis prevention and control are needed with adaptation to local circumstance, and implementation of appropriate behavioral interventions is recommended.


Assuntos
Equinococose , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Inquéritos e Questionários , China , Equinococose/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Educação em Saúde/tendências , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino
10.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 73(3): e20180487, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32267416

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Reporting the experience of health education regarding Aedes aegypti in the Federal District. METHODS: This is a case report, with descriptive approach, about the experience of nursing practice with education actions against the Aedes aegypti in communities of the Federal District, carried out between 2015 and 2018. Subjects of the research were undergraduate students in nursing, healthcare professionals, and the community. RESULTS: There have been 24 educational interventions against Aedes aegypti, adapted to the needs of each population, using a "giant" sculpture of the mosquito, theater performances, lectures, booklets, and home visits. CONCLUSIONS: The project trained teachers, healthcare professionals, graduate students in nursing, and the community through the empowerment of this population, aiming at combating the Aedes aegypti vector.


Assuntos
Aedes/microbiologia , Aedes/fisiologia , Arte , Educação em Saúde/métodos , Animais , Participação da Comunidade , Bacharelado em Enfermagem/métodos , Educação em Saúde/tendências , Humanos
12.
Rev. Rol enferm ; 43(1,supl): 164-170, ene. 2020. tab
Artigo em Português | IBECS | ID: ibc-193177

RESUMO

Introduction: Sadness as a basic of the human being emotion. It can be associated with the intrinsic of the younger's characteristics and their context. It may manifest as discouragement, unwillingness to perform routine and social activities, low self-esteem or aloneness. Hopelessness arises when there is no sight of possibilities, confi-dence in others or future, enthusiasm for life being. That can inhibit the set goals and energy mobilization. These feelings may be signs of more complex problems, such as depressive disorders when associated with loss of interest or pleasure, changes in appetite, sleep and concentration and suicidal ideation thoughts. Aims: To identify the sadness and hopelessness feelings perceived by the younger ́s and the associations between these feelings and demographic, educational and family characteristics. Method: Descriptive correlational study with 1377 Portuguese younger ́s, which go into high school, aged 14-21 years, average age 17 years and mostly female. Was used the survey "Comportamentos de saúde, comportamentos de risco e envolvimento dos jovens com a escola e a família". Results: Sadness and hopelessness were not noticed by most younger ́s. However, there is a higher risk in younger's with negative school performance, who relate good relationship with colleagues, have never felt threatened by their colleagues, when they become involved with school and family and even if they are perceived the family as functional. Conclusions: Health professionals should identify early, value feelings of sadness and hopelessness in younger ́s and have a transdisciplinary and inclusive practice in health education, in school and family contexts


No disponible


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Luto/psicologia , Depressão/epidemiologia , Cuidados de Enfermagem/tendências , Sintomas Afetivos/enfermagem , Portugal/epidemiologia , Comportamento do Adolescente/psicologia , Correlação de Dados , Características da Família , Relações Familiares/psicologia , Educação em Saúde/tendências , Promoção da Saúde/tendências
13.
Rev. Rol enferm ; 43(1,supl): 500-506, ene. 2020. tab
Artigo em Português | IBECS | ID: ibc-193426

RESUMO

Background: Diabetes Mellitus is a chronic disease responsible for disability, entailing high costs for the National Health Service. Investing in health literacy and empowerment are crucial for effective disease management. Objectives: To analyze the knowledge about the disease and quality of life of people with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Methodology: Cross-sectional, exploratory, descriptive and correlational study. A sociodemographic and clinical characterization questionnaire and the portuguese version of DKT, DES-SF and EQ-5D-5L were applied to a convenience sample of 410 subjects. Results and discussion: The sample reveals a low level of knowledge and high perception of quality of life, especially in men, showing mean +/- SD of DKT and EQ-5D-5L, 51.90 +/- 13.83 and 0.90 +/- 0.15, respectively. A significant positive association between knowledge and QOL (rs = 0.060, p <0.01) was found, which reinforces other studies findings. Conclusions: From the study emerges the need for health education programs that enable especially in the field of food and soft skills especially in response to adversity, thus raising the quality of life of these people


No disponible


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Complicações do Diabetes/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Qualidade de Vida , Educação em Saúde/tendências , Cooperação e Adesão ao Tratamento/estatística & dados numéricos , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Portugal/epidemiologia , Complicações do Diabetes/enfermagem , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/enfermagem , Perfil de Impacto da Doença , Indicadores de Qualidade de Vida , Estudos Transversais
14.
J. negat. no posit. results ; 5(1): 81-90, ene. 2020. graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-194001

RESUMO

A lo largo de la historia el concepto de Salud se ha modificado en un intento por acercarse a la transición poblacional, cada vez más compleja y cada vez llena de matices que en muchos de los casos limitan la atención, la prevención de enfermedades y la Promoción de la Salud, esta representa una piedra angular de la atención primaria y es una función esencial de la Salud Pública. El reconocimiento del valor de esa actividad es cada vez mayor, debido a la eficacia y al costo-eficacia con que reduce la carga de morbilidad y mitiga el impacto social y económico de las enfermedades. Existe un amplio consenso en cuanto a la relación existente entre Promoción de la Salud, salud y desarrollo humano y económico. En este sentido, el enfoque social de la salud, se aborda a través de los Determinantes de la Salud y de éstos de forma importante los Sociales, con estrategias y acciones de Promoción de la Salud y de manera trascendental con la educación sanitaria. Resulta emergente poner énfasis en la atención primaria, de no ser así, los resultados apuntan a ser negativos, para nada es positivo el actuar en el ámbito curativo


Throughout history the concept of Health has been modified in an attempt to approach the population transition, increasingly complex and increasingly full of nuances that in many cases limit care, disease prevention and promotion. of Health, it represents a cornerstone of primary care and is an essential function of Public Health. The recognition of the value of this activity is increasing, due to the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness with which it reduces the burden of morbidity and mitigates the social and economic impact of diseases. There is a broad consensus regarding the relationship between Health Promotion, health and human and economic development. In this sense, the social approach to health is addressed through the Determinants of Health and of these in an important way the Social, with strategies and actions of Health Promotion and in a transcendental way with health education. It is emerging to place emphasis on primary care, if not, the results point to be negative, at all it is positive to act in the curative field


Assuntos
Humanos , Determinantes Sociais da Saúde/tendências , Promoção da Saúde/tendências , Educação em Saúde/tendências , Saúde/tendências , Políticas Públicas de Saúde , Atenção Primária à Saúde/tendências , Nível de Saúde , Administração Sanitária/tendências
15.
Interface (Botucatu, Online) ; 24: e190499, 2020.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1101231

RESUMO

O presente estudo objetiva conhecer a percepção dos sujeitos no processo de ensino-aprendizagem-cuidado no Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS), com base no perfil profissional e nas competências e habilidades recomendadas nas Diretrizes Curriculares Nacionais (DCNs) dos cursos de graduação da saúde. Trata-se de pesquisa qualitativa realizada por meio de técnicas de entrevista não diretiva e grupos focais, envolvendo 42 participantes, sendo: professores, estudantes e gestores das instituições de ensino além de usuários, profissionais e gestores da Secretaria Municipal de Promoção de Saúde (SEMUS). A percepção dos diferentes sujeitos que produzem e vivenciam a integração ensino-serviço-comunidade (IESC) revela afinidade com o perfil profissional e com as competências e habilidades comuns recomendadas nas DCNs dos cursos de graduação da área da saúde. A IESC é compreendida como espaço necessário para a efetivação das DCNs e para se alcançar o perfil profissional proposto.(AU)


The study aims to investigate the perception of subjects in the teaching-learning-care process within the Brazilian National Health System (SUS), based on the professional profile and on the skills and competencies recommended by the National Curricular Guidelines (DCNs) for undergraduate programs in the area of health. It is a qualitative research carried out through non-directive interviews and focus groups, involving 42 participants: teachers, students and managers of education institutions, as well as users, professionals and managers of the Municipal Health Promotion Department (SEMUS). The perception of different subjects who produce and experience teaching-service-community integration (TSCI) reveals affinity with the professional profile and with the common skills and competencies recommended by the DCNs. TSCI is understood as a necessary space for the fulfilment of the DCNs and of the proposed professional profile.(AU)


El presente estudio tiene el objetivo de conocer la percepción de los sujetos en el proceso de enseñanza-aprendizaje-cuidado en el Sistema Brasileño de Salud (SUS), con base en el perfil profesional y en las competencias y habilidades recomendadas en las Directrices Curriculares Nacionales (DCNs) de los cursos de graduación de la salud. Se trata de una encuesta cualitativa por medio de técnicas de entrevista no-directiva y grupos focales, envolviendo a 42 participantes, siendo ellos: profesores, estudiantes y gestores de las instituciones de enseñanza, además de usuarios, profesionales y gestores de la Secretaría Municipal de Promoción de Salud (SEMUS). La percepción de los diferentes sujetos que producen y experimentan la integración enseñanza-servicio-comunidad (IESC) revela afinidad con el perfil profesional y con las competencias y habilidades comunes recomendadas en las Directrices Curriculares Nacionales (DCNs) de los cursos de graduación del área de la salud. La IESC se entiende como un espacio necesario para hacer efectivas las DCNs y para alcanzar el perfil profesional propuesto.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Percepção , Estudantes de Ciências da Saúde , Serviços de Integração Docente-Assistencial , Educação em Saúde/tendências , Competência Clínica , Assistência Integral à Saúde , Relações Médico-Paciente , Instituições Acadêmicas/normas , Sistema Único de Saúde , Pessoal de Saúde , Comunicação , Currículo/tendências , Papel Profissional , Educação Médica Continuada , Capacitação Profissional , Sistema de Aprendizagem em Saúde/métodos , Relações Interprofissionais
16.
Interface (Botucatu, Online) ; 24: e190192, 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040189

RESUMO

O texto resgata os vinte anos do eixo Educação na revista Interface e problematiza essa trajetória a partir de suas publicações. O olhar para esses trabalhos revela as tendências predominantes e reflete acerca dos desafios para as próximas décadas. As categorias de análise: Formação Profissional em Saúde; Políticas de Reorientação da Formação Profissional em Saúde/Docência em Saúde; Práticas Educativas em Saúde e Fundamentos Teóricos e/ou Metodológicos da Educação são acionadas para contemplar o conjunto de temáticas abordadas pelos autores no período histórico do estudo e nos diferentes espaços da revista, em estreita relação com suas finalidades no âmbito da socialização do conhecimento no campo da educação e saúde. Conclui-se que o periódico tem se mostrado espaço importante de sistematização e reflexões tanto dos desafios gerais da educação quanto dos específicos da educação em saúde, potencializando avanços qualitativos na formação profissional.(AU)


The text provides an overview of the twenty years of the Education axis in the journal Interface and analyzes this trajectory based on its publications. The examination of the articles reveals the predominant trends and enables us to reflect on the challenges to the next decades. The categories of analysis: Professional Health Education, Reorientation Policies for Professional Health Education/Health Teaching, Educational Health Practices and Theoretical and/or Methodological Foundations of Education are employed to encompass the set of themes approached by the authors in the historical period of the study, in the journal's different spaces, in a close relationship to the journal's purposes in the sphere of socialization of knowledge in the field of education and health. The conclusion is that Interface has been an important space for the systematization of the general challenges of education and of the specific challenges of health education, as well as for careful reflection on them, potentializing qualitative advances in professional education.(AU)


El texto rescata los veinte años del eje Educación en la revista Interface y problematiza esa trayectoria a partir de sus publicaciones. La mirada hacia esos trabajos revela las tendencias predominantes y reflexiona sobre los desafíos para las próximas décadas. Las categorías de análisis: Formación Profesional en Salud; Políticas de Reorientación de la Formación Profesional en Salud/ Docencia en Salud; Prácticas Educativas en Salud y Fundamentos Teóricos y/o Metodológicos de la Educación se ponen en acción para contemplar el conjunto de temas abordados por los autores en el período histórico del estudio, en los diferentes espacios de la revista, en estrecha relación con sus finalidades en el ámbito de la socialización del conocimiento en el campo de la educación y de la salud. Se concluye que la revista ha mostrado ser un espacio importante de sistematización y reflexiones, tanto de los desafíos generales de la educación como de los específicos de la educación en salud, potenciando avances cualitativos en la formación profesional.(AU)


Assuntos
Publicações Periódicas como Assunto/história , Educação em Saúde/tendências , Pessoal de Saúde/educação , Comunicação Acadêmica/história , Capacitação Profissional
17.
Rev. esp. salud pública ; 94: 0-0, 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-196091

RESUMO

FUNDAMENTOS: Las enfermedades cardiovasculares constituyen uno de los problemas de salud más importantes para la población. La mayoría de las muertes evitables se deben a enfermedades coronarias en el medio extrahospitalario. Formar a la población sobre la reanimación cardiopulmonar (RCP) supone un aumento de la tasa de supervivencia ante una parada cardiorrespiratoria. MÉTODOS: Se realizó un estudio observacional, prospectivo y analítico, en una muestra de alumnos de cuarto curso de Educación Secundaria Obligatoria a los que se dividió en dos grupos. A un primer grupo se les realizó un curso teórico-práctico sobre RCP; al segundo grupo, un curso solo teórico de RCP. Se realizaron tres cuestionarios sobre conocimiento de RCP: el primero, previo al curso; el segundo, tras el curso; y el tercero, a los dos meses de finalizar el curso. Se compararon los resultados entre los cuestionarios para analizar el grado de adquisición y mantenimiento de conocimientos. RESULTADOS: Se seleccionó una muestra de 326 alumnos, 213 en el grupo teórico-práctico y 113 en el teórico. La edad media fue de 15,6 años (DE=0,7, R 15-17) y el 56% eran niñas. La puntuación media de los cuestionarios fue: primer cuestionario, 5,1 puntos (DE=1,8, R 0-10); segundo cuestionario, en el grupo teórico-práctico 8,2 puntos (DE=1,6, R 3-10) frente al grupo teórico con 7,7 puntos (DE=1,9, R 0-10); y tercer cuestionario, 7,2 puntos (DE=1,8, R 1-10). En el primer cuestionario, un 5,2% conocían la frecuencia de las compresiones torácicas y ventilaciones en la RCP, mejorando al 68,1% en el segundo cuestionario en el grupo teóricopráctico, y un 79,6% en el grupo teórico. CONCLUSIONES: Tras el curso teórico-práctico sobre RCP, aumenta en 3,1 puntos la nota media en los cuestionarios de conocimientos en RCP, y en 2,1 puntos tras dos meses de la realización del curso. El grupo teórico-práctico obtiene una puntuación mejor en la encuesta poscurso (8,2 puntos) respecto al grupo teórico (7,7 puntos)


BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases is one of the most important health problems among population. Most preventable deaths which take place in a context different from the hospital are related to coronary heart diseases. Training the population in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) may well result in an increase in the survival rate before a cardiorespiratory arrest. METHODS: An observational study - both prospective and analytical - was conducted through a sample of students in the fourth year of compulsory secondary education. They were divided in two groups: a first group was trained with a theoretical-practical course on CPR, the second group only a theoretical course on CPR. Three surveys on CPR knowledge were conducted, the first one prior to a CPR course, the second one after the course and the third carried out two months after completing it. The results were compared between the three surveys to examine the degree of acquisition and maintenance of knowledge. RESULTS: 326 students, 213 theoretical-practical group and 113 theoretical group, whose average age was 15.6 years (DE=0.7, R 15-17) and 56% were girls. The average scores of the questionnaires were: 5.1 points (DE=1.8, R 0-10) on first exam, 8.2 points (DE=1.6, R 3-10) on second exam of the theoretical-practical group versus 7.7 points (DE=1.9, R 0-10) of the theoretical group, and 7.2 points (DE=3.8, R 1-10) on third exam. In the first exam, 5.2% of them knew the frequency of chest compressions and ventilations in CPR, improving to 68.1% in the second questionnaire of the theoretical-practical group, and a 79.6% of the theoretical group. CONCLUSIONS: Increased knowledge in cardiopulmonary resuscitation reflect in an increase of 3.1 points of average after the theoretical-practical sessions and in 2.1 points two months later. The theoretical-practical group obtain a better score in the post-course exam (8.2 points) compared to the theoretical group (7.7 points)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/educação , Parada Cardíaca/reabilitação , Logro , Educação em Saúde/tendências , Ensino Fundamental e Médio , Resultado do Tratamento , Estudos Prospectivos , Sucesso Acadêmico
18.
Span. j. psychol ; 23: e12.1-e12.7, 2020. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-196587

RESUMO

More than 50% of Spanish youth does not use of condoms correctly and consistently. University students are a particular population at high risk of the HIV infection, other STIs and unwanted pregnancies. The influence of psychological variables in using of condom is analyzed by gender and type of sexual relationship. A total of 256 females and 168 males were assessed (Mage= 20.62; SD = 2.16). A regression logistic analysis showed that sexual sensation seeking appears as an explanatory variable of inconsistently condom use in both females and males in vaginal intercourse, steady relationship intercourse and sex under the alcohol and other drugs effects (adjusted odds ratio between 1.095 and 1.124). Moreover, self-esteem appears as a risk factor and extraversion as a protective factor of use of condom in females. On the other hand, neuroticism reveals itself as a protective factor and fear of negative evaluation as a risk factor of use of condom in males. It is necessary to know the psychological mechanisms that underlie sexual risk behaviors for adapting interventions to individual and contextual characteristics


No disponible


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Comportamento Sexual/psicologia , Sexo sem Proteção/estatística & dados numéricos , Preservativos/estatística & dados numéricos , Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/prevenção & controle , Distribuição por Sexo , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Educação em Saúde/tendências , Saúde Sexual e Reprodutiva , Assunção de Riscos
19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31700685

RESUMO

Study design: Consensus among international experts. Objectives: The objective of this project was to develop the International Spinal Cord Injury/Dysfunction (SCI/D) Education Basic Data Set. Setting: International expert working group. Methods: The published guidelines for developing the International SCI Basic Data Sets were used to develop the International SCI/D Education Basic Data Set. Existing measures and literature on education and disability were reviewed to develop a preliminary draft of the basic education data set through iterative modifications via biweekly conference calls and email communication. The draft was disseminated to the larger International Workgroup for Development of Pediatric SCI/D Basic Data Sets and then to the members of the International Spinal Cord Society (ISCoS), American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA), and relevant expert groups and interested individuals for comments. All feedback received was taken into consideration before the final data set was approved by ISCoS and ASIA. Results: The finalized version of the International SCI/D Education Basic Data Set Version 1.0 contains 16 items divided into three domains: school setting/therapeutic services, school participation/academic success, and barriers/attitudes. Most of the variables have been adapted from established measures. This data set is intended for children and youth up to and including high school, but not for emerging adults in higher education or postsecondary vocational training or trade schools. Conclusion: The International SCI/D Education Basic Data Set has been developed for collection of a minimal amount of highly relevant information on the education experience in children and youth with SCI/D. Further validation work is needed. Sponsorship: This project was funded by the Rick Hansen Institute, Research Award #G2015-27 (Mulcahey, PI).


Assuntos
Coleta de Dados/métodos , Educação em Saúde/métodos , Cooperação Internacional , Sociedades Médicas , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/epidemiologia , Coleta de Dados/tendências , Educação/métodos , Educação/tendências , Educação em Saúde/tendências , Humanos , Instituições Acadêmicas/tendências , Sociedades Médicas/tendências , Estudantes
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