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1.
Recurso na Internet em Português | LIS - Localizador de Informação em Saúde | ID: lis-48214

RESUMO

Os impactos trazidos pela pandemia de Covid-19 colocaram em evidência os processos de ensino e aprendizado. Especialistas em educação ao redor do mundo se debruçam sobre os assuntos para traçar os caminhos e possibilidades a serem adotados neste momento e no futuro pós-pandêmico. Como as escolas estão fisicamente fechadas e as aulas estão em formato remoto, o trabalho dos professores tem passado por mudanças consideráveis.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Pneumonia Viral , Isolamento Social , Educação , Educação à Distância/tendências
3.
Anal Chem ; 93(16): 6289-6290, 2021 04 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33902290
4.
Cell ; 184(9): 2263-2270, 2021 04 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33930292

RESUMO

Parent scientists lead a journey to bring surveillance severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) testing to public schools across the state of Massachusetts and beyond.


Assuntos
COVID-19/diagnóstico , Pessoal de Laboratório , Pais , COVID-19/virologia , Teste para COVID-19 , Comportamento Cooperativo , Educação , Humanos , Massachusetts , SARS-CoV-2/fisiologia
5.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(9)2021 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33922268

RESUMO

Smart factories are an integral element of the manufacturing infrastructure in the context of the fourth industrial revolution. Nevertheless, there is frequently a deficiency of adequate training facilities for future engineering experts in the academic environment. For this reason, this paper describes the development and implementation of two different layer architectures for the metal processing environment. The first architecture is based on low-cost but resilient devices, allowing interested parties to work with mostly open-source interfaces and standard back-end programming environments. Additionally, one proprietary and two open-source graphical user interfaces (GUIs) were developed. Those interfaces can be adapted front-end as well as back-end, ensuring a holistic comprehension of their capabilities and limits. As a result, a six-layer architecture, from digitization to an interactive project management tool, was designed and implemented in the practical workflow at the academic institution. To take the complexity of thermo-mechanical processing in the metal processing field into account, an alternative layer, connected with the thermo-mechanical treatment simulator Gleeble 3800, was designed. This framework is capable of transferring sensor data with high frequency, enabling data collection for the numerical simulation of complex material behavior under high temperature processing. Finally, the possibility of connecting both systems by using open-source software packages is demonstrated.


Assuntos
Simulação por Computador , Educação , Humanos , Fluxo de Trabalho
6.
Washington, D.C.; OPS; 2021-04-20.
em Espanhol | PAHO-IRIS | ID: phr-53697

RESUMO

El programa Familias Fuertes: Amor y Límites es una intervención primaria de capacitación en habilidades de crianza y relación familiar encaminada a promover la salud y el bienestar de los y las adolescentes y prevenir conductas de riesgo. En respuesta al incremento de conductas de riesgo a edades cada vez más tempranas, la Organización Panamericana de la Salud (OPS) seleccionó este programa como una intervención modelo para su puesta en práctica con familias de América Latina. El propósito de este manual es guiar la formación de los recursos humanos encargados de la aplicación del programa, con objeto de estructurar y homogenizar las sesiones de capacitación en todos los países y de mantener la elevada calidad técnica del programa.


Assuntos
Família , Recursos Humanos , Educação , Apoio ao Desenvolvimento de Recursos Humanos , Gênero e Saúde , Pai , Relações Pai-Filho , Relações Mãe-Filho , Promoção da Saúde
7.
Washington, D.C.; OPS; 2021-04-20.
em Espanhol | PAHO-IRIS | ID: phr-53696

RESUMO

El programa Familias Fuertes: Amor y Límites es una intervención primaria de capacitación en habilidades de crianza y relación familiar encaminada a promover la salud y el bienestar de los y las adolescentes y prevenir conductas de riesgo. En respuesta al incremento de conductas de riesgo a edades cada vez más tempranas, la Organización Panamericana de la Salud (OPS) seleccionó este programa como una intervención modelo para su puesta en práctica con familias de América Latina. Esta guía se dirige a los países y partes interesadas que estén aplicando el programa o prevean hacerlo, con objeto de ayudarlos a mejorar los procesos de planificación, aplicación, monitoreo y evaluación.


Assuntos
Promoção da Saúde , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias , Fatores de Risco , Alimentos, Dieta e Nutrição , Gênero e Saúde , Família , Adolescente , Pai , Relações Pai-Filho , Relações Mãe-Filho , Educação , América
8.
Rev. Soc. Argent. Diabetes ; 55(1): 1-3, ene. - abr. 2021.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1248254

RESUMO

El año 2020 se nos presentó a todos como un año diferente en el que nos vimos obligados, individualmente y como comunidad, a generar formas distintas de comunicación e intercambio. Transcurría febrero y los docentes de la Sociedad Argentina de Diabetes (SAD) generábamos propuestas para desarrollar durante el año, compartiendo reuniones y tratando de responder inquietudes surgidas de los debates, planificando los temas, a quiénes dirigirnos o qué competencias queríamos desarrollar. Pero marzo nos sorprendió con el contexto de aislamiento sanitario producto de la pandemia y esto generó un desafío en materia educativa con más incertidumbres que certezas, dentro de un marco de mucha angustia en lo personal y laboral.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Educação , Pandemias , Aprendizagem
9.
Rev. latinoam. cienc. soc. niñez juv ; 19(1): 41-62, ene.-abr. 2021. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251876

RESUMO

Resumen (analítico) El artículo analiza la función de los Centros de Día de Menores (CDM) como recursos especializados en la intervención socioeducativa con adolescentes en riesgo. Se trata de una investigación cualitativa, en la que se han integrado diferentes técnicas con el fin de triangular evidencias objetivas. En el plano metodológico participó una muestra de 30 profesionales, implementando diferentes técnicas: entrevistas y grupos de discusión. Los datos obtenidos se codificaron y categorizaron. Los resultados destacan la especificidad de los CDM como recurso de proximidad en el proceso de socialización y de acompañamiento progresivo, individualizado y flexible de adolescentes en riesgo. Las conclusiones inciden en la especialización del recurso en la atención a adolescentes que atraviesan procesos vitales complejos y en la consolidación del recurso como alternativa socioeducativa a la educación formal, utilizando en el territorio como generador de oportunidades.


Abstract (analytical) The article analyzes the role of Community Youth Centers (CDMs for their initials in Spanish) as a specialized resource for socio-educational interventions with at-risk adolescents. This is a qualitative investigation in which different techniques have been integrated in order to triangulate objective evidence. At the methodological level, 30 staff participated in different data collection processes (two discussion groups as well as semi-structured interviews). The data obtained was codified and categorized. The results highlight the specificity of the CDMs as an available resource for the process of socialization and the provision of gradual, progressive, individualized and flexible accompaniment to at-risk adolescents. The conclusions of the study recommend the specialization of the CDMs to support adolescents who are experiencing complex life processes and the consolidation of these centers as a socio-educational alternative that generates opportunities.


Resumo (analítico) O artigo analisa o papel desenvolvido pelos Centros de Dia de Menores (CDM) na intervenção socioeducativa com adolescentes em risco. Tratase de uma investigação qualitativa, na qual diferentes técnicas foram implementadas para triangular evidências objetivas. Ao nível metodológico, 30 profissionais participaram em grupos de discussão e entrevistas semiestruturadas. Os resultados destacam a especificidade do CDM como um recurso de proximidade no acompanhamento gradual, progressivo, individualizado e flexível de adolescentes em risco. As conclusões incidem sobre a especialização deste recurso na educação de adolescentes nos seus processos de vida complexos e na sua consolidação como alternativa socioeducativa à educação formal.


Assuntos
Adolescente , Educação
11.
Neurology ; 96(18): 848-863, 2021 05 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33722990

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To develop evidence-informed, expert consensus research diagnostic criteria for traumatic encephalopathy syndrome (TES), the clinical disorder associated with neuropathologically diagnosed chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE). METHODS: A panel of 20 expert clinician-scientists in neurology, neuropsychology, psychiatry, neurosurgery, and physical medicine and rehabilitation, from 11 academic institutions, participated in a modified Delphi procedure to achieve consensus, initiated at the First National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke Consensus Workshop to Define the Diagnostic Criteria for TES, April, 2019. Before consensus, panelists reviewed evidence from all published cases of CTE with neuropathologic confirmation, and they examined the predictive validity data on clinical features in relation to CTE pathology from a large clinicopathologic study (n = 298). RESULTS: Consensus was achieved in 4 rounds of the Delphi procedure. Diagnosis of TES requires (1) substantial exposure to repetitive head impacts (RHIs) from contact sports, military service, or other causes; (2) core clinical features of cognitive impairment (in episodic memory and/or executive functioning) and/or neurobehavioral dysregulation; (3) a progressive course; and (4) that the clinical features are not fully accounted for by any other neurologic, psychiatric, or medical conditions. For those meeting criteria for TES, functional dependence is graded on 5 levels, ranging from independent to severe dementia. A provisional level of certainty for CTE pathology is determined based on specific RHI exposure thresholds, core clinical features, functional status, and additional supportive features, including delayed onset, motor signs, and psychiatric features. CONCLUSIONS: New consensus diagnostic criteria for TES were developed with a primary goal of facilitating future CTE research. These criteria will be revised as updated clinical and pathologic information and in vivo biomarkers become available.


Assuntos
Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/diagnóstico , Consenso , Técnica Delfos , National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (USA)/normas , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/epidemiologia , Educação/normas , Educação/tendências , Humanos , National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (USA)/tendências , Síndrome , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
12.
MedEdPORTAL ; 17: 11114, 2021 03 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33768146

RESUMO

Introduction: Given barriers to learner assessment in the authentic clinical environment, simulated patient encounters are gaining attention as a valuable opportunity for competency assessment across the health professions. Simulation-based assessments offer advantages over traditional methods by providing realistic clinical scenarios through which a range of technical, analytical, and communication skills can be demonstrated. However, simulation for the purpose of assessment represents a paradigm shift with unique challenges, including preservation of a safe learning environment, standardization across learners, and application of valid assessment tools. Our goal was to create an interactive workshop to equip educators with the knowledge and skills needed to conduct assessments in a simulated environment. Methods: Participants engaged in a 90-minute workshop with large-group facilitated discussions and small-group activities for practical skill development. Facilitators guided attendees through a simulated grading exercise followed by in-depth analysis of three types of assessment tools. Participants designed a comprehensive simulation-based assessment encounter, including selection or creation of an assessment tool. Results: We have led two iterations of this workshop, including an in-person format at an international conference and a virtual format at our institution during the COVID-19 pandemic, with a total of 93 participants. Survey responses indicated strong overall ratings and impactfulness of the workshop. Discussion: Our workshop provides a practical, evidence-based framework to guide educators in the development of a simulation-based assessment program, including optimization of the environment, design of the simulated case, and utilization of meaningful, valid assessment tools.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Competência Clínica/normas , Tomada de Decisão Clínica/métodos , Educação/organização & administração , Docentes/normas , Treinamento por Simulação/métodos , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Raciocínio Clínico , Currículo , Educação Médica/métodos , Educação Médica/tendências , Humanos , Educação Interprofissional/métodos , Educação Interprofissional/organização & administração , SARS-CoV-2 , Meio Social , Ensino
13.
MedEdPORTAL ; 17: 11126, 2021 03 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33768155

RESUMO

Introduction: The virtual learning environment has become increasingly important due to physical distance requirements put in place during the COVID-19 pandemic. The transition to a virtual format has been challenging for case-based teaching sessions, which involve substantial audience participation. We developed a faculty development workshop aimed at teaching health professions educators how to use various interactive virtual tools within videoconferencing platforms to facilitate virtual case-based sessions. Methods: Two 90-minute workshops were piloted as a faculty development initiative. The facilitators demonstrated interactive teaching tools that could be used within virtual case-based sessions. Then, participants discussed how to incorporate these tools into case-based teaching sessions of different class sizes in small-group breakout sessions. Participants completed an online survey following each workshop to evaluate the sessions. Results: A total of 18 and 26 subjects participated in the first and second workshops, respectively. Survey response rates were 100% (n = 18) and 65% (n = 17) for the first and second workshops, respectively. Both groups provided overall high ratings and reported that the workshop was clear, organized, and relevant. Participants were more familiar and comfortable with the use of various interactive tools for online teaching. Discussion: Distance online teaching will be increasingly required for an undetermined time. Faculty development efforts are crucial to facilitate effective interactive teaching sessions that engage learners and maximize learning. This virtual teaching workshop is a simple and straightforward way to introduce a more interactive format to virtual case-based teaching in the health professions.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Educação à Distância , Educação Médica/tendências , Aprendizagem Baseada em Problemas/métodos , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Educação/organização & administração , Educação à Distância/métodos , Educação à Distância/organização & administração , Docentes de Medicina/organização & administração , Docentes de Medicina/normas , Humanos , Modelos Educacionais , SARS-CoV-2 , Ensino
15.
Int J Technol Assess Health Care ; 37: e43, 2021 Mar 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33686927

RESUMO

AbstractThe rapid spread of the current COVID-19 pandemic has affected societies worldwide, leading to excess mortality, long-lasting health consequences, strained healthcare systems, and additional strains and spillover effects on other sectors outside health (i.e., intersectoral costs and benefits). In this perspective piece, we demonstrate the broader societal impacts of COVID-19 on other sectors outside the health sector and the growing importance of capturing these in health economic analyses. These broader impacts include, for instance, the effects on the labor market and productivity, education, criminal justice, housing, consumption, and environment. The current pandemic highlights the importance of adopting a societal perspective to consider these broader impacts of public health issues and interventions and only omit these where it can be clearly justified as appropriate to do so. Furthermore, we explain how the COVID-19 pandemic exposed and exacerbated existing deep-rooted structural inequalities that contribute to the wider societal impacts of the pandemic.


Assuntos
COVID-19/economia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Efeitos Psicossociais da Doença , Economia Médica/organização & administração , Custos e Análise de Custo , Educação/economia , Eficiência , Humanos , Modelos Econômicos , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Recursos Humanos/economia
16.
Licere (Online) ; 24(01): 106-129, 20210317. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1179165

RESUMO

This study aimed to detail and analyse the design, evaluation and outcomes of leisure education programs. Each program was designed for a particular population with specific set of components, principles and goals. Some techniques were identified as useful to assist deliverers in effectively providing these services (e.g. contents, deliverers, delivery methods, settings and duration), which are essential aspects to consider when preparing and planning leisure education. In general, these programs may have a positive influence on diverse audiences, highlighting the potential of leisure-related activities engagement. Additionally, an evaluation of the used instruments was performed given that selecting an adequate instrument may determine the quality of reporting and whether a program may effectively broaden leisure-related experiences. We hope to contribute to the processes of developing such programs.


Este estudo objetivou detalhar e analisar a concepção, avaliação e resultados de programas de educação para o lazer. Cada programa foi projetado para uma determinada população com um conjunto específico de componentes, princípios e objetivos. Algumas técnicas foram identificadas como úteis para auxiliar os distribuidores na prestação eficaz desses serviços (por exemplo, conteúdos, distribuidores, métodos de entrega, configurações e duração), os quais são aspectos essenciais a serem considerados ao preparar e planejar a educação para o lazer. Em geral, esses programas podem ter uma influência positiva em diversos públicos, destacando o potencial de engajamento em atividades do âmbito do lazer. Além disso, foi realizada uma avaliação dos instrumentos utilizados, visto que a escolha de um instrumento adequado pode determinar a qualidade do relato, bem como se um programa pode efetivamente ampliar as vivências da esfera do lazer. Espera-se que o presente estudo possa contribuir com os processos de desenvolvimento de tais programas.


Assuntos
Atividades de Lazer , Educação
18.
BMJ Glob Health ; 6(3)2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33692145

RESUMO

In the course of the COVID-19 pandemic, it has become clear that primary healthcare systems play a critical role in clinical care, such as patient screening, triage, physical and psychological support and also in promoting good community advice and awareness in coordination with secondary healthcare and preventive care. Because of the role of social and environmental factors in COVID-19 transmission and burden of disease, it is essential to ensure that there is adequate coordination of population-based health services and public health interventions. The COVID-19 pandemic has shown the primary and community healthcare (P&CHC) system's weaknesses worldwide. In many instances, P&CHC played only a minor role, the emphasis being on hospital and intensive care beds. This was compounded by political failures, in supporting local community resilience. Placing community building, social cohesion and resilience at the forefront of dealing with the COVID-19 crisis can help align solutions that provide a vision of 'planetary health'. This can be achieved by involving local well-being and participation in the face of any pervasive health and environmental crisis, including other epidemics and large-scale ecological crises. This paper proposes that P&CHC should take on two critical roles: first, to support local problem-solving efforts and to serve as a partner in innovative approaches to safeguarding community well-being; and second, to understand the local environment and health risks in the context of the global health perspective. We see this as an opportunity of immediate value and broad consequence beyond the control of the COVID-19 pandemic.


Assuntos
COVID-19/epidemiologia , Serviços de Saúde Comunitária , Saúde Pública , Mudança Climática , Educação , Saúde Global , Humanos , Política , SARS-CoV-2 , Fatores Socioeconômicos
19.
Parasitol Res ; 120(4): 1363-1370, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33527172

RESUMO

Fecal egg counts (FECs) are essential for veterinary parasite control programs. Recent advances led to the creation of an automated FEC system that performs with increased precision and reduces the need for training of analysts. However, the variability contributed by analysts has not been quantified for FEC methods, nor has the impact of training on analyst performance been quantified. In this study, three untrained analysts performed FECs on the same slides using the modified McMaster (MM), modified Wisconsin (MW), and the automated system with two different algorithms: particle shape analysis (PSA) and machine learning (ML). Samples were screened and separated into negative (no strongylid eggs seen), 1-200 eggs per gram of feces (EPG), 201-500 EPG, 501-1000 EPG, and 1001+ EPG levels, and ten repeated counts were performed for each level and method. Analysts were then formally trained and repeated the study protocol. Between analyst variability (BV), analyst precision (AP), and the proportion of variance contributed by analysts were calculated. Total BV was significantly lower for MM post-training (p = 0.0105). Additionally, AP variability and analyst variance both tended to decrease for the manual MM and MW methods. Overall, MM had the lowest BV both pre- and post-training, although PSA and ML were minimally affected by analyst training. This research illustrates not only how the automated methods could be useful when formal training is unavailable but also how impactful formal training is for traditional manual FEC methods.


Assuntos
Fezes/parasitologia , Contagem de Ovos de Parasitas/veterinária , Algoritmos , Animais , Automação Laboratorial , Educação , Cavalos/parasitologia , Humanos , Aprendizado de Máquina , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Contagem de Ovos de Parasitas/métodos , Contagem de Ovos de Parasitas/normas
20.
New Solut ; 31(1): 30-47, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33557699

RESUMO

COVID-19 has revealed social and health inequities in the United States. Structural inequalities have increased the likelihood of immigrants contracting COVID-19, by being essential workers and through poverty that forces this population to continue working. Rural and urban immigrant families may face different concerns. Using a telephone survey in May 2020 of 105 Latinx families in an existing study, quantitative and qualitative data were gathered on work and household economics, childcare and education, healthcare, and community climate. Analyses show that, although rural and urban groups experienced substantial economic effects, impacts were more acute for urban families. Rural workers reported fewer workplace protective measures for COVID-19. For both groups, fear and worry, particularly about finances and children, dominated reports of their situations with numerous reports of experiencing stress and anxiety. The experience of the pandemic is interpreted as an example of contextual vulnerability of a population already experiencing structural violence through social injustice. Policy implications are highlighted.


Assuntos
COVID-19/etnologia , Emigrantes e Imigrantes/psicologia , Fazendeiros/psicologia , Hispano-Americanos/psicologia , Adulto , Criança , Cuidado da Criança/economia , Cuidado da Criança/normas , Educação/normas , Medo , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Saúde do Trabalhador , Pandemias , Pobreza/psicologia , População Rural , SARS-CoV-2 , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Estados Unidos , População Urbana
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