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1.
Estud. pesqui. psicol. (Impr.) ; 18(4): 1257-1278, out.-dez. 2019.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos técnico-científicos | ID: biblio-995086

RESUMO

Discute-se, aqui, as contribuições da Psicologia, elaborada por Dante Moreira Leite, importante intelectual e psicólogo brasileiro, para a educação. O objetivo é analisar a crítica social realizada pelo pesquisador, quanto aos seus potenciais e limites, relacionando-a com as principais conclusões da teoria crítica da sociedade, conforme os autores da primeira geração. Constata-se que Dante debate problemas fundamentais da educação nacional, com destaque para seus estudos acerca dos conceitos de ideologia e preconceito, evidenciando que as manifestações de tais conceitos são psicológicas, mas as origens são sociais. Dante elaborou, então, proposições com o intuito de motivar o aluno, mantendo-o na escola e promovendo o seu aprendizado, de melhor preparar o professor, bem como para propugnar medidas pedagógicas, até hoje em discussão. No entanto, nota-se que suas proposições se voltam mais para a adaptação à ordem social vigente do que à crítica dessa ordem.(AU)


Here we discuss the contributions of Psychology to education, as formulated by Dante Moreira Leite, an important Brazilian intellectual and psychologist. Our objective is to analyse the social critique elaborated by this researcher, regarding its potentials and limits, relating it to the main conclusions of critical theory of society, as stablished by the authors of the first generation. Although Dante discusses fundamental problems of national education, here we highlight his studies regarding ideology and prejudice, whose manifestations are psychological, but origins are social. The author makes propositions with the intention of motivating the students, keeping them in school and promoting their apprenticeship, preparing the teacher, also advocating pedagogical measures that are until this day under discussion. However, it is noted that his propositions relate more to adaptation to the current social order than to the criticism of that order.(AU)


Se discute, aquí, las contribuciones de la Psicología para la educación, conforme elaborada por Dante Moreira Leite, importante intelectual y psicólogo brasileño. El objetivo es analizar la crítica social elaborada por el investigador, en cuanto a sus potenciales y límites, relacionándola con las principales conclusiones de la teoría crítica de la sociedad, consonante con los autores de la primera generación. Se constata que Dante debate problemas fundamentales de la educación nacional, con destaque para sus estudios acerca de la ideología y el prejuicio, siendo que sus manifestaciones son psicológicas, pero sus orígenes son sociales. Elabora, entonces, proposiciones con el propósito de motivar al alumno, manteniéndolo en la escuela y promoviendo su aprendizaje, la preparación del profesor, así como propugnar medidas pedagógicas, hasta hoy en discusión. Sin embargo, se nota que sus proposiciones se vuelven más a la adaptación al orden social vigente que a la crítica de ese orden.(AU)


Assuntos
Preconceito/psicologia , Educação , Psicologia
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(33): e16697, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31415361

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patient-centered care should be the focus of health services, where improvements in the communication skills of health professionals promote excellent health and quality care. Thus, this study is a protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the effectiveness of training programs in communication skills to promote self-efficacy in the communication of health personnel. METHODS: This systematic review protocol is conducted using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyzes (PRISMA) statement guidelines and the Cochrane Handbook of Systematic Reviews of Interventions. The review should include studies carried out with health professionals who have undergone training in communication skills aimed at promoting their self-efficacy. Clinical trials (randomized, non-randomized), community trials, and quasi-experimental studies should be included. Therefore, the comprehensive search strategy will be conducted in the following databases: PubMed/Medline, Scopus, Web of Science, EMBASE, Science Direct, CINAHL, PsycINFO, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL). Two independent reviewers will conduct all study selection procedures, data extraction, and methodological evaluation, and disagreements will be referred to a third reviewer. RevMan 5.3 software will be used to gather data and perform the meta-analysis if possible. RESULTS: This systematic review will provide evidence on more effective programs for communication skills training and will consider information such as duration, educational strategies, assessment measures, and outcomes that promote health worker self-efficacy. DISCUSSION: This systematic review should provide evidence for effective communication skills training for health professionals in order to guide new strategies for quality care. DISSEMINATION AND ETHICS: The findings of this scoping review will be disseminated in print, at conferences, or via peer-reviewed journals. Ethical approval is not necessary as this paper does not involve patient data. SYSTEMATIC REVIEW REGISTRATION: PROSPERO CRD42019129384.


Assuntos
Comunicação , Educação/métodos , Pessoal de Saúde/educação , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Autoeficácia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Metanálise como Assunto , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Projetos de Pesquisa , Revisão Sistemática como Assunto
3.
Mem. Inst. Invest. Cienc. Salud (Impr.) ; 17(2): 56-63, ago. 2019. tab, ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, BDNPAR | ID: biblio-1008419

RESUMO

Los adultos jóvenes constituyen gran parte de la población paraguaya y se considera que los conocimientos y prácticas sobre salud bucodental están muy relacionados al nivel de instrucción, el objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar el nivel de conocimientos y prácticas sobre salud bucodental de estudiantes de posgrado de la Carrera de Enfermería de la Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud de la Universidad Católica de Asunción (CE FCSUCA), en el 2018. Estudio observacional descriptivo de corte transversal con componente analítico en el que se incluyeron a todos los estudiantes de posgrado entre mayo y junio de 2018. La recolección de datos se realizó mediante un cuestionario sobre salud bucodental autoadministrado y de carácter anónimo. Los datos se asentaron en una planilla electrónica, y fueron analizados utilizando el Programa estadístico IBMSSPS 23.0. La muestra estuvo constituida por 166 estudiantes, en su mayoría del sexo femenino (75,3%), de entre 20 y 29 años (54,8%), cursando algún programa de especialización (57,8% y pertenecientes al área de la salud (94%). El 57,83% y el 55,42% de los estudiantes presentaron conocimientos y prácticas de salud bucodental de nivel regular, respectivamente. Se encontró asociación entre nivel de conocimiento y de práctica y entre el nivel de conocimiento y la edad. Se concluye que los niveles de conocimientos y prácticas sobre salud bucodental en los estudiantes de posgrado fueron deficientes por lo que se propone la implementación de estrategias educativas de concienciación en el área(AU)


Young adults constitute a large part of the Paraguayan population and considering that oral health knowledge and practices are closely related to the level of education, the objective of this study was to evaluate the level of knowledge and practices on oral health of postgraduate students of the Nursing Career of the Faculty of Health Sciences of the Catholic University of Asunción (CE FCSUCA), in 2018. The design was descriptive, cross-sectional with an analytical component in which all postgraduate students were included in May and June 2018. Data collection was carried out through a questionnaire on oral health self-administered and anonymous. The data were recorded in an electronic spreadsheet and analyzed using the IBMSSPS 23.0 Statistical Program. The sample consisted of 166 students, mostly female (75.3%), between 20 and 29 years old (54.8%), studying some specialization program (57.8%) and belonging to the area of Health (94%). 57.83% and 55.42% of the students presented knowledge and practices of oral health at the regular level, respectively. An association was found between the level of knowledge and practice and between the level of knowledge. It is concluded that the levels of knowledge and practices on oral health in the postgraduate students were insufficient, so the implementation of educational awareness strategies in the area is proposed(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Saúde Bucal , Saúde Pública , Educação
4.
Rev Med Chil ; 147(4): 499-504, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31344213

RESUMO

Eloísa Díaz Insunza, the first Latin American female physician, completed her studies in Medicine and Surgery at the University of Chile in 1887 and worked a large part of her life as Medical Inspector of Public Schools of Santiago, Chile. In this article, the focus is placed on her "Test Memorandum" (1886) and her first Reports to the Ministry of Public Education (1899-1905), to appreciate the hygienist perspective that characterizes her proposals. We describe her intervention project that sought to integrate medical practice with psychology and education, to solve a social problem such as the degeneration of the Chilean race.


Assuntos
Educação/história , História da Medicina , Higiene/história , Psicologia/história , Chile , Feminino , História do Século XIX , História do Século XX , Humanos
5.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 22(7): 697-700, 2019 Jul 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31302973

RESUMO

Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is the gold standard technique for performing en bloc resection of large superficial tumors in the upper and lower gastrointestinal tract. It has not started in China until early 2006, when it was introduced at Endoscopy Center of Zhongshan Hospital. However, ESD is technically more difficult and can result in more complications, limiting its development in China. At present, reports about ESD training system in China are still not available. Therefore, our center continuously explored and gradually established structured training courses relied on the live pig model. Between 2009 and 2013, we held 23 hands-on ESD training workshops with 550 endoscopists. Questionnaires were distributed via e-mail, and there were 460 participants performing ESD in a step-up approach on the live pigs. More than one half of trainees could perform ESD with en bloc resection in the imaginary "lesion" of colon and stomach, and there were higher rates of hemorrhage and perforation occurring in colorectal ESD as compared to gastric ESD. After graduating from our hands-on workshop, up to over 90% of participants started ESD practice in their home hospitals. It was mostly provided by high-grade hospitals (IIIA) which played a major role as tertiary referral centers, covering almost all provinces and major cities in China. The training on live pig model revealed to be safe and effective as a prior step to its application in humans. It may enable novice endoscopists to acquire ESD skills and start performing ESD as soon as possible. The role of adequate training is of course to influence the spread of this technique and promote ESD development around China.


Assuntos
Colo/cirurgia , Ressecção Endoscópica de Mucosa/educação , Estômago/cirurgia , Animais , China , Educação , Ressecção Endoscópica de Mucosa/métodos , Humanos , Modelos Animais , Suínos
6.
RECIIS (Online) ; 13(2): 330-339, abr.-jun. 2019. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1005606

RESUMO

Em entrevista à Reciis, Luma Nogueira de Andrade traça uma trajetória discursiva e interseccional entre a sua vivência e a pesquisa científica, iniciada no campo das ciências biológicas. Os estudos e os estranhamentos do conhecimento biológico, especificamente sobre o corpo e a sexualidade, levaram a pesquisadora a construir críticas desse conhecimento em diálogo com o campo das ciências humanas. No doutorado, sua existência e corporeidade, construídas no interior do estado do Ceará, a convocam para dissertar, na linguagem científica, sobre as outras possibilidades de ser travesti. Refletida no seu sujeito de pesquisa, Luma discute sobre a disciplina e a resistência de jovens travestis às normas educacionais, propondo, a partir do disciplinamento dos corpos marcados pelo espaço escolar, a possibilidade de fuga e de algumas táticas para se fazer existir também nesse lugar. Luma Nogueira de Andrade é professora decana do curso de pedagogia da Universidade da Integração Internacional da Lusofonia Afro-Brasileira.


Assuntos
Humanos , Travestismo , Sexualidade , Educação , Identidade de Gênero , Mudança Social , Ensino , Conflito (Psicologia) , Sexismo
7.
Ann Agric Environ Med ; 26(2): 298-303, 2019 Jun 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31232062

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Patient satisfaction with nursing care is one of important indicators of health care quality. As for pain, it is an indicator of patient health. The goal of the study is to identify socio-demographic and medical factors that differentiate the assessment of satisfaction with nursing care of hospitalized patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study involved performing a diagnostic survey using standardized instruments, i.e. the Newcastle Satisfaction with Nursing Scale (NSNS) and the Visual Analog Scale by Barbara J. Headley for pain scoring. The study included 205 patients hospitalized for lumbar pain syndrome on two neurosurgery wards in Poland. The mean patient age was 51 years. Most respondents declared having high school or vocational education. The mean time of hospitalization before the study was 2 days. RESULTS: The results demonstrated that patient satisfaction with nursing care is independent of patient age, education, duration of hospitalization, or number of hospitalizations. In contrast, the experience of nursing care is dependent on education, and less educated patients (primary or vocational education) had higher scores in this category. With regards to pain, it was perceived as more intense by women and by patients hospitalized for a shorter period of time. CONCLUSIONS: Satisfaction with nursing care among patients with lumbar pain syndrome does not depend on socio-demographic or medical variables. Experience of nursing care depends on patient's education.


Assuntos
Cuidados de Enfermagem/psicologia , Manejo da Dor/psicologia , Dor/psicologia , Satisfação do Paciente , Adulto , Educação , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Satisfação do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Percepção , Polônia , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde , Inquéritos e Questionários
8.
Lancet ; 393(10190): 2522-2534, 2019 Jun 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31155271

RESUMO

Evidence that gender inequalities and restrictive norms adversely affect health is extensive; however, far less research has focused on testing solutions. We first comprehensively reviewed the peer-reviewed and grey literature for rigorously evaluated programmes that aimed to reduce gender inequality and restrictive gender norms and improve health. We identified four mutually reinforcing factors underpinning change: (1) multisectoral action, (2) multilevel, multistakeholder involvement, (3) diversified programming, and (4) social participation and empowerment. Following this review, because little research has investigated the effects of national-level law and policy reforms, we conducted original quasi-experimental studies on laws and policies related to education, work, and income, all social determinants of health in which deep gender inequalities exist. We examined whether the laws and policies significantly affected health outcomes and gender norms, and whether law-induced and policy-induced changes in gender norms mediated the health effects, in areas for which longitudinal data existed. Laws and policies that made primary education tuition-free (13 intervention countries with the law and/or policy and ten control countries without) and that provided paid maternity and parental leave (seven intervention and 15 control countries) significantly improved women's and their children's health (odds ratios [OR] of 1·16-2·10, depending on health outcome) and gender equality in household decision making (OR 1·46 for tuition-free and 1·45 for paid maternity and parental leave) as a proxy indicator of gender norms. Increased equality partially mediated the positive effects on health outcomes. We conclude by discussing examples of how improved governance can support gender-equitable laws, policies, and programmes, immediate next steps, and future research needs.


Assuntos
Educação/legislação & jurisprudência , Programas Nacionais de Saúde/legislação & jurisprudência , Sexismo/prevenção & controle , Saúde da Mulher/legislação & jurisprudência , Feminino , Política de Saúde , Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Poder (Psicologia)
9.
Yakugaku Zasshi ; 139(6): 887-890, 2019.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31155531

RESUMO

There is currently a major effort to promote drug discovery in academia as a way to seed new drug development in the pharmaceutical industry. However, there are concerns in industry about the quality of drug candidates generated in academic institutions. These concerns encompass culture and perceptions with respect to intellectual property management, the process of product development, and the reliability of scientific data. Questions about data reliability underscore the particularly serious problem of mistrust in academic research. Therefore, the author became interested in the topic of industry standards for quality assurance (QA) and arranged training workshops at Okayama University on the appropriate methods for recording experimental notes by lecturers involved in QA. The outcomes are presented here.


Assuntos
Academias e Institutos , Confiabilidade dos Dados , Descoberta de Drogas , Indústria Farmacêutica , Pesquisa/normas , Educação , Humanos , Propriedade Intelectual , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
11.
Rev. Univ. Ind. Santander, Salud ; 51(2): 155-168, abr.-jun. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003166

RESUMO

Resumen Introducción: Desde hace muchos años se ha reconocido que uno de los escenarios más importantes para promover la salud es el entorno escolar. Objetivo: Se analizaron las tendencias teóricas y prácticas de la promoción de la salud en el ámbito escolar en Latinoamérica. Metodología: Revisión narrativa a partir de literatura científica publicada en el período 2007 a 2017 y vinculada en las bases de datos Scielo, Redalyc, Lilacs y Ebsco. Resultados: La búsqueda arrojó un total de 182 artículos, fueron seleccionados 75 estudios que cumplían con los criterios de inclusión y se analizaron. Existe una visión de la escuela como lugar propicio para el cuidado de la salud de los escolares, el trabajo intersectorial, desarrollo de políticas, conocimientos y ambientes, así como una relación con la educación para el autocuidado y el fomento de estilos de vida. La tendencia en cuanto a prácticas es a actuar en los estilos de vida desde el sector salud con enfoque biologicista e higienista. Conclusiones: Existe una brecha entre la teoría y la práctica pues si bien se mencionan perspectivas amplias de la promoción de la salud en el ámbito escolar las intervenciones están enmarcadas en el modelo biomédico, con enfoque de riesgo y con incipiente participación del sector educación.


Abstract Introduction: For many years it has been recognized that one of the most important scenarios to promote health is the school environment. Objective: To analyze the theoretical and practical trends of health promotion in the school environment in Latin America. Methods: Narrative review based on scientific literature published between 2007 and 2017 and linked in the databases Scielo, Redalyc, Lilacs and Ebsco. Results: The search yielded a total of 182 articles and 75 studies were selected that met the inclusion criteria and were analyzed. There is a vision of the school as a favorable place for health care for schoolchildren, intersectoral work, policy development, knowledge and environments, as well as a relationship with education for self-care and the promotion of lifestyles. The tendency in terms of practices is to act in lifestyles from the health sector with a biologicist and hygienist approach. Conclusions: There is a gap between theory and practice because although broad perspectives of health promotion in the school setting are mentioned, the interventions are framed in the biomedical model, with a focus on risk and with incipient participation of the education sector.


Assuntos
Humanos , Promoção da Saúde , Serviços de Saúde Escolar , Estudantes , Planos e Programas de Saúde , Educação
12.
Recurso na Internet em Português | LIS - Localizador de Informação em Saúde | ID: lis-LISBR1.1-46497

RESUMO

Canal de notícias da Universidade de São Paulo.


Assuntos
Ciência , Notícias , Publicação Periódica , Tecnologia , Educação , Cultura , Universidades
13.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 2027, 2019 05 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31048694

RESUMO

Traditional tests of concept knowledge generate scores to assess how well a learner understands a concept. Here, we investigated whether patterns of brain activity collected during a concept knowledge task could be used to compute a neural 'score' to complement traditional scores of an individual's conceptual understanding. Using a novel data-driven multivariate neuroimaging approach-informational network analysis-we successfully derived a neural score from patterns of activity across the brain that predicted individual differences in multiple concept knowledge tasks in the physics and engineering domain. These tasks include an fMRI paradigm, as well as two other previously validated concept inventories. The informational network score outperformed alternative neural scores computed using data-driven neuroimaging methods, including multivariate representational similarity analysis. This technique could be applied to quantify concept knowledge in a wide range of domains, including classroom-based education research, machine learning, and other areas of cognitive science.


Assuntos
Mapeamento Encefálico/métodos , Encéfalo/fisiologia , Educação/métodos , Individualidade , Aprendizagem/fisiologia , Adulto , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Currículo , Engenharia/educação , Feminino , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Matemática/educação , Ciência/educação , Estudantes/psicologia , Tecnologia/educação , Adulto Jovem
14.
Work ; 63(1): 137-149, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31127741

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ergonomics/Human factors (HFE) is little considered in the engineering design practice and design methodologies do not adequately present the use of HFE. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper is to propose a systematic for the integration of HFE into product design, based on the user-centered design approach. Thus, an overview of the systematic is presented, as well as the suggestion of methods and support tools for each phase of the design process. METHODS: In order to verify the applicability of the systematic it was done an expert evaluation of the systematic and an experiment was carried out in the engineering education, in two classes of the product design course in a Brazilian University in 2016. RESULTS: The results showed that the students of the study group developed a better knowledge about HFE and its use in product design, besides the probability of using HFE in the product design went from low to high after the experiment. CONCLUSION: Presenting this information in a systematized way together with the design process allows students to be more likely to use it, to understand it better and know how to use it.


Assuntos
Engenharia/educação , Desenho de Equipamento/métodos , Ergonomia/métodos , Brasil , Currículo/normas , Currículo/tendências , Assistência à Saúde/métodos , Educação/métodos , Educação/tendências , Engenharia/métodos , Desenho de Equipamento/normas , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários
15.
Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol ; 26(1): 17-22, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31114119

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To determine whether a biometry training course could improve refractive outcomes of patients undergoing manual small-incision extracapsular cataract surgery (SICS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective, interventional, cohort study at the Pacific Eye Institute, Fiji. SICS refractive outcomes were evaluated before and after a structured biometry teaching course. Eyes that underwent evaluation and subsequent SICS with placement of a posterior chamber intraocular lens (IOL) were included. Axial length measurements were obtained using A-scan applanation ultrasound and keratometry with a handheld keratometer. Main outcome measures included mean absolute prediction error of IOL calculations, percentage of eyes within ±0.5 D and ±1.0 D of intended spherical equivalent, and proportion of eyes with ≥6/18 uncorrected visual acuity. RESULTS: A total of 240 eyes were analyzed: 120 eyes before and 120 eyes after the structured biometry training. The mean absolute prediction error was 50% lower following the training (1.13 ± 0.84 D pre vs. 0.56 ± 0.44 D post; P < 0.001). A higher percentage of the eyes had a postoperative spherical equivalent within ±0.5 D (26.7% pre vs. 52.5% post; P < 0.001) and ±1.0 D (55.0% pre vs. 90.0% post; P < 0.001) of the intended target. A higher proportion of the eyes achieved ≥6/18 uncorrected visual acuity (77.5% pre vs. 91.7% post, P = 0.004), while the proportion with ≥6/18 corrected visual acuity was similar (94.4% pre vs. 98.3% post; P = 0.28). CONCLUSIONS: A structured biometry training course may improve the accuracy of preoperative IOL calculations to achieve the postoperative refractive target. Ophthalmology training programs should include structured biometry teaching in their curricula.


Assuntos
Biometria/métodos , Extração de Catarata/educação , Extração de Catarata/métodos , Microcirurgia/métodos , Refração Ocular/fisiologia , Adulto , Comprimento Axial do Olho/patologia , Estudos de Coortes , Educação , Feminino , Humanos , Implante de Lente Intraocular , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Pseudofacia/fisiopatologia , Acuidade Visual/fisiologia
16.
Rev. bras. ciênc. mov ; 27(2): 188-208, abr.-jun.2019. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1009672

RESUMO

Falta de conteúdos diversificados, desinteresse por parte dos alunos e falta de intervenção pedagógica nas atividades desenvolvidas, são fatores que promovem o afastamento dos alunos nas aulas de Educação Física escolar, gerados por uma tradição pedagógica que tem como base valores como a competição e o individualismo. Paralelo a isso, os super-heróis são um sucesso cultural (principalmente para o público infanto-juvenil), viabilizados pelos meios de comunicação de massa, sendo associados a produtos e atividades que fazem parte do contexto do lazer. Portanto, considerando a forte presença cultural supracitada dos super-heróis no cotidiano das crianças e jovens do Brasil, os mesmos foram trabalhados nas aulas de Educação Física-Ensino Fundamental numa proposta pedagógica pautada nos valores da educação para o lazer e da Educação Física plural, em busca de viabilizar aos alunos a construção e produção de novos conhecimentos a respeito das práticas corporais e conteúdos do lazer. Sendo assim, o objetivo de tal pesquisa foi a elaboração, realização e análise de uma proposta pedagógica de inclusão do tema dos super-heróis nas aulas de Educação Física-Ensino Fundamental, no sentido da educação para o lazer. Os procedimentos metodológicos utilizados foram compostos por pesquisa de campo em que realizamos a análise qualitativa para uma turma do 3º ano do Ensino Fundamental. No total, foram 08 aulas de Educação Física. O registro da pesquisa de campo foi realizado a partir do diário de campo para fazer as anotações sobre o processo pedagógico. Utilizaram-se também as técnicas de observação participante e questionários. Concluímos que por meio da proposta pedagógica que houve conhecimentos construídos pelos alunos sobre a cultura corporal, sobre os conteúdos do lazer (em especial o manual) e sobre valores éticos e morais inspirados nos super-heróis como altruísmo e cooperação....(AU)


Lack of diversified contents, disinterest on the part of the students and lack of pedagogical intervention in the developed activities, are factors that promote the students' absence in the classes of School Physical Education, generated by a pedagogical tradition which is based on values such as competition and individualism. Parallel to this, superheroes are a cultural success (mainly among children and teenagers) enabled by the mass media, being associated to products and activities that are part of the leisure context. Therefore, considering the strong cultural presence mentioned above of the superheroes in the daily lives of children and young people in Brazil, they were used as tools in Physical Education classes - Elementary Education in a pedagogical proposal based on the values of education for leisure and plural Physical Education, aimed at enabling the students the construction and production of new knowledge about body practices and contents of leisure. Therefore, the goal of this research was the elaboration, realization and analysis of a pedagogical proposal of inclusion of the superheroes theme in Physical Education classes ­ Elementary Education, in the sense of education for leisure. The methodological procedures used were composed of field research, in which we accomplished the qualitative analysis for one group of the 3rd year of Elementary education. In total, they had 08 Physical Education classes. The written record of the field research was accomplished based on the field diary where the notes about the pedagogical process were made. Participant observation techniques and questionnaires were also used. We have concluded, by means of the pedagogical proposal, that there was knowledge built by the students about body culture, leisure contents (especially the manual) and about ethical and moral values inspired by the superheroes such as altruism and cooperation....(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Educação Física e Treinamento , Ensino Fundamental e Médio , Educação , Atividades de Lazer
17.
BMC Med Educ ; 19(1): 101, 2019 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30953493

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The success of interprofessional collaboration in healthcare services requires a paradigm shift in the training of future health profession practitioners. This study aimed to develop and validate an instrument to measure Student Acceptance of Interprofessional Learning (SAIL) in Malaysia, and to assess this attribute among medical and pharmacy students using a prescribing skills training workshop. METHODS: The study consisted of two phases. In Phase 1, a 10-item instrument (SAIL-10) was developed and tested on a cohort of medical and pharmacy students who attended the workshop. In Phase 2, different cohorts of medical and pharmacy students completed SAIL-10 before and after participating in the workshop. RESULTS: Factor analysis showed that SAIL-10 has two domains: "facilitators of interprofessional learning" and "acceptance to learning in groups". The overall SAIL-10 and the two domains have adequate internal consistency and stable reliability. The total score and scores for the two domains were significantly higher after students attended the prescribing skills workshop. CONCLUSIONS: This study produced a valid and reliable instrument, SAIL-10 which was used to demonstrate that the prescribing skills workshop, where medical and pharmacy students were placed in an authentic context, was a promising activity to promote interprofessional learning among future healthcare professionals.


Assuntos
Prescrições de Medicamentos/normas , Educação em Farmácia , Erros de Medicação/prevenção & controle , Competência Profissional/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudantes de Medicina , Estudantes de Farmácia , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos , Educação , Educação em Farmácia/estatística & dados numéricos , Avaliação Educacional , Humanos , Relações Interprofissionais , Projetos Piloto , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
18.
Ear Nose Throat J ; 98(3): 139-142, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30938243

RESUMO

IMPORTANCE:: Otolaryngology residents take the otolaryngology training examination (OTE) yearly to assess their fund of knowledge. The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) milestone evaluations are also conducted semiannually. Accurate prediction of training examination performance allows identification of residents who are performing well and those who need targeted remediation. Prior studies in other specialties have attempted to use milestone evaluations to help predict in-training examination scores. OBJECTIVE:: In this study, we aim to identify whether ACGME milestone evaluation scores predict OTE performance. DESIGN:: Milestone ratings and OTE scores for residents at 2 US otolaryngology residency programs were collected. Multivariate analysis was achieved using linear mixed modeling. We considered a 2-tailed P value of ≤ .05 as statistically significant. SETTING:: Two US otolaryngology residency programs. PARTICIPANTS:: Forty-eight otolaryngology residents postgraduate years 2 to 5. RESULTS:: Otolaryngology training examination scores and ACGME milestone evaluations were collected from 48 residents from postgraduate year 2 to 5 between the years 2014 and 2017. One hundred eight OTE scores were available. Linear mixed-effect models were constructed, and after adjusting for level of training and OTE year, the total milestone rating made a negligible impact in estimating OTE percentage correct (ß = -.01, P = .9). Similarly, total milestone rating demonstrated a minimal contribution in approximating OTE national stanine score after adjusting for the level of training (ß = -.003, P = .9). CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE:: In our study, ACGME milestone evaluations are not predictive of residents' OTE performance. What these milestone evaluation data mean and how they should be used continues to be an unanswered question. We should aim to identify the most effective applications of the milestone data collected yearly by otolaryngology programs.


Assuntos
Educação , Avaliação Educacional/métodos , Internato e Residência , Otolaringologia/educação , Competência Clínica , Educação/métodos , Educação/normas , Humanos , Internato e Residência/métodos , Internato e Residência/normas , Estados Unidos
19.
SMAD, Rev. eletrônica saúde mental alcool drog ; 15(2): 4-11, abr.-jun. 2019. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos técnico-científicos | ID: biblio-1004537

RESUMO

O estudo teve por objetivo avaliar o uso de álcool e as possíveis associações com os determinantes psicossociais em estudantes de medicina e tecnologia médica da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de San Marcos, Peru. O estudo é do tipo transversal da abordagem quantitativa realizados com 219 estudantes. O Teste de identificação do uso de álcool e os determinantes psicossociais relacionados ao álcool foram utilizados. A prevalência de uso de álcool no último ano foi de 69,5%, com predominância de uso pelo sexo masculino (71,6%), e jovens (79,9%). As associações foram entre o uso de álcool e o estresse, com predominância da sobrecarga acadêmica, esses dados são relevantes para o planejamento de ações preventivas do uso de álcool nessa população.


The objective was to evaluate alcohol consumption and its association with psychosocial determinants among students of medicine and medical technology at the Faculty of Medicine, in the Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Peru. This cross-sectional study was designed with 219 students. The Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test and psychosocial determinants were used. The prevalence of alcohol use in the last year was 69.5%, with predominance of use by male (71.6%) and young students (79.9%). Associations were observed between the use of alcohol and stress, with predominance of academic overload. The results provide information relevant to the planning of preventive actions of alcohol use for this population.


El estudio tuvo por objetivo evaluar el consumo de alcohol y con los determinantes psicosociales en estudiantes de medicina y tecnología médica de la Facultad de Medicina de la Universidad de San Marcos, Perú. Estudio del tipo transversal, de abordaje cuantitativo realizado con 219 estudiantes. El test de identificación del uso de alcohol y los determinantes psicosociales relacionados al alcohol fueron utilizados. La prevalencia de consumo en el último año fue de 69.5%, con predominancia de uso entre el sexo masculino (71,6%) y jóvenes (79,9%). Las asociaciones fueron entre el uso de alcohol y estrese, predominando la sobre carga académica, eses datos son relevantes para el planeamiento de acciones preventivas frente al uso de alcohol en esa población.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Estudantes de Medicina , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Álcool , Educação , Determinantes Sociais da Saúde
20.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 72(2): 375-382, 2019 Mar-Apr.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31017199

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To identify the pedagogical strategies and the elements that determine the construction of the educational workshop in healthcare at the teaching-service integration process. METHOD: Collective case study with qualitative approach. The cases consisted of two undergraduate courses in nursing. Thirty-one interviews were conducted with healthcare professionals, professors and students, in addition to participant observation in seven basic health units (UBS) that received the students interviewed. RESULTS: The following analytical categories emerged: teaching-service integration: articulating idealized situations with real situations; pedagogical workshop in health: development of collective pedagogical actions; reflection on the experiences in the pedagogical workshop in health: articulating the knowledge of the work world with the teaching world. FINAL CONSIDERATION: Despite the integration difficulties between teaching and service, we can conclude that their encounter generates a fertile field for the development of the educational workshop in healthcare. To this end, the agreement of the strategies presented in the constitution of the workshop is necessary.


Assuntos
Bacharelado em Enfermagem/métodos , Educação/organização & administração , Educação/tendências , Pessoal de Saúde/educação , Comportamento Cooperativo , Bacharelado em Enfermagem/tendências , Docentes de Enfermagem/educação , Docentes de Enfermagem/organização & administração , Pessoal de Saúde/organização & administração , Política de Saúde , Humanos , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Ensino/organização & administração
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