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1.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2022: 8035109, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35498128

RESUMO

Complex regional pain syndrome type-I (CRPS-I) represents a type of neurovascular condition featured by severe pain in affected extremities. Few treatments have proven effective for CRPS-I. Electroacupuncture (EA) is an effective therapy for pain relief. We explored the mechanism through which EA ameliorates pain in a rat CRPS-I model. The chronic postischemic pain (CPIP) model was established using Sprague-Dawley rats to mimic CRPS-I. We found that oxidative stress-related biological process was among the predominant biological processes in affected hindpaw of CPIP rats. Oxidative stress occurred primarily in local hindpaw but not in the spinal cord or serum of model rats. Antioxidant N-acetyl cysteine (NAC) attenuated mechanical allodynia and spinal glia overactivation in CPIP model rats, whereas locally increasing oxidative stress is sufficient to induce chronic pain and spinal glia overactivation in naive rats. EA exerted remarkable antiallodynia on CPIP rats by reducing local oxidative stress via enhancing nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) expression. Pharmacological blocking Nrf2 abolished antioxidative and antiallodynic effects of EA. EA reduced spinal glia overactivation, attenuated the upregulation of inflammatory cytokines, reduced the enhanced TRPA1 channel activity in dorsal root ganglion neurons innervating the hindpaws, and improved blood flow dysfunction in hindpaws of CPIP rats, all of which were mimicked by NAC treatment. Thus, we identified local oxidative injury as an important contributor to pathogenesis of animal CRPS-I model. EA targets local oxidative injury by enhancing endogenous Nrf2-mediated antioxidative mechanism to relieve pain and inflammation. Our study indicates EA can be an alternative option for CRPS-I management.


Assuntos
Apiaceae , Dor Crônica , Síndromes da Dor Regional Complexa , Eletroacupuntura , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Acetilcisteína/farmacologia , Animais , Antioxidantes , Fator de Transcrição de Proteínas de Ligação GA , Inflamação , Estresse Oxidativo , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
2.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 42(5): 498-502, 2022 May 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35543939

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical effect of electroacupuncture at Siguan points and flunarizine hydrochloride capsule on migraine of liver yang hyperactivity. METHODS: A total of 110 patients with migraine of liver yang hyperactivity were randomly divided into an electroacupuncture group (55 cases, 2 cases dropped off) and a western medication group (55 cases, 2 cases dropped off). In the electroacupuncture group, electroacupuncture was applied at Siguan points (Hegu [LI 4] and Taichong [LR 3]), with disperse-dense wave of 2 Hz/100 Hz in frequency and current intensity of 0.1-1 mA, 30 min each time, once a day, 5 times per week for 4 weeks. Flunarizine hydrochloride capsule was given orally in the western medication group, 10 mg a day for 4 weeks. The visual analogue scale (VAS) score and the migraine attack days were observed before and after treatment, during follow-up of 1, 3 and 6 months, and the migraine symptom score was observed before and after treatment in the two groups. RESULTS: After treatment, during follow-up of 1, 3 and 6 months, the VAS scores and the migraine attack days in the two groups were decreased compared with before treatment (ï¼°<0.05), and above indexes in the electroacupuncture group were lower than the western medication group (ï¼°<0.05). After treatment, the migraine symptom scores in the two groups were decreased (ï¼°<0.05), the change in the electroacupuncture group was greater than the western medication group (ï¼°<0.05). CONCLUSION: Electroacupuncture at Siguan points could effectively reduce headache intensity and migraine attack days, relieve migraine symptoms in patients with migraine of liver yang hyperactivity, and the efficacy is superior to oral flunarizine hydrochloride capsules.


Assuntos
Eletroacupuntura , Transtornos de Enxaqueca , Pontos de Acupuntura , Flunarizina/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Fígado , Transtornos de Enxaqueca/terapia
3.
Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 47(4): 488-496, 2022 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35545344

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Electroacupuncture can enhance autophagic flow, promote neuronal regeneration, axonal and myelin remodeling to achieve the protection of spinal cord injury, but its role in neurogenic urine retention is not completely clear. This study aims to investigate whether the mechanism of electroacupuncture in the treatment of neurogenic urine retention is through autophagy mediated by adenosine monophosphate activated protein kinase (AMPK)/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway. METHODS: A rat model of neurogenic urine retention after sacral spinal cord injury was established. The rats with successful model were randomly divided into a model group, an electroacupuncture group (electro-acupuncture for Ciliao, Zhongji, and Sanyinjiao by electronic stimulation, once a day, 20 min each time for 7 days), and an electroacupuncture+AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) inhibitor group (on the basis of the treatment of electroacupuncture group, 100 µg of AMPK inhibitor compound C was injected intramuscularly around the L2-3 intervertebral space on the 1st and 4th day). The normal group did not receive any treatment. The maximum bladder volume, bladder basal pressure, leak point pressure, and bladder compliance were recorded by multi-channel physiological recorder; the morphology of bladder tissue was observed by HE staining; autophagy was observed under transmission electron microscope; the expressions of LC3II and Beclin1 protein were observed by immunofluorescence staining; the protein levels of AMPK, phosphorylated-AMPK (p-AMPK), mTOR, phosphorylated-mTOR (p-mTOR), microtubule associated protein 1 light chain 3 (LC3) II and Beclin1 in bladder tissue were detected by Western blotting. RESULTS: Compared with the normal group, the maximum bladder capacity, leak point pressure, bladder compliance, p-AMPK, LC3II, Beclin1 protein expressions in the bladder tissue of the model group increased, and the p-mTOR protein expressions were decreased (all P<0.05); compared with the model group, the maximum bladder capacity, bladder compliance, p-mTOR protein expression in the bladder tissue of the electroacupuncture group were decreased, and the p-AMPK, LC3II, and Beclin1 protein expressions were increased (all P<0.05); compared with the electroacupuncture group, the maximum bladder capacity, bladder compliance, p-mTOR protein expression in the bladder tissue of the electroacupuncture+AMPK inhibitor group were increased, the p-AMPK, LC3II, and Beclin1 protein expressions were decreased (all P<0.05). In the model group, the bladder became larger, with unclear and varying degrees of degeneration, severe tissue damage and autophagosome appeared; the bladder of the electroacupuncture group was smaller than that of the model group, and all levels were clearly visible with autophagy bodies; the layers were slightly disordered and damaged in the electroacupuncture + AMPK inhibitor group. CONCLUSIONS: Electroacupuncture can activate autophagy through AMPK/mTOR pathway, thereby reducing neurogenic urine retention caused by spinal cord injury.


Assuntos
Eletroacupuntura , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal , Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por AMP , Animais , Autofagia , Proteína Beclina-1 , Mamíferos , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR
4.
Bioengineered ; 13(4): 10298-10312, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35435116

RESUMO

Ovulation-inducing drugs such as endogenous steroids could reduce endometrial receptivity during the implantation window, resulting in lower clinical pregnancy rates and higher miscarriage rates. The present study employed electroacupuncture therapy along with different frequencies on elevating impaired endometrial receptivity to elucidate the mechanism therein. The rats were split up into seven groups of normal, model, low-frequency electroacupuncture (LF-EA), high-frequency electroacupuncture (HF-EA), LF-EA+anti-miRNA, HF-EA+anti-miRNA, and anti-miRNA. PCR assays were used to detect miR-223-3p expressions. The effects of electroacupuncture and miR-223-3p on rats' endometrial membrane cell-drinking process in a manner of scanning electron microscopy were recorded. After that we observed on the electroacupuncture effects on the conditions of adhesion molecules and LIF/STAT3 signaling pathway with assays of immunofluorescence and Western Blot. This study was end up with dual luciferase assay, where combination of miR-233-3p onto the 3'-UTR sequence of LIF was determined. PCR assay demonstrated that HF-EA procured an inhibition in miR-223-3p expression, whereas scanning electron microscopy turned out that both electroacupuncture and miR-223-3p were capable of raising the amount of intrauterine pinocytosis and the number of blastocyst implantation in rats. Additionally, assays of Western Blot and immunofluorescence showed that therapy of electroacupuncture brought about decreasing expressions in adhesion molecules of E-cadherin, ß-catenin and claudin-1 (CLDN1). We found that both electroacupuncture and miR-223-3p were able to fortify LIF/STAT3 signaling pathway, then the fact of miR-223-3p combination to LIF 3'-UTR sequence was validated via our dual-luciferase assay. Electroacupuncture therapy inhibited the miR-223-3p expression upon LIF/STAT3 signaling pathway to elevate endometrial receptivity.


Assuntos
Eletroacupuntura , MicroRNAs , Animais , Feminino , Fator Inibidor de Leucemia/genética , Fator Inibidor de Leucemia/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Gravidez , Ratos , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/genética , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais
5.
J Tradit Chin Med ; 42(2): 256-263, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35473347

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of short duration electroacupuncture (EA) with conventional EA to reduce weight and other parameters in obese Thai women. METHODS: A randomized crossover study was conducted in 76 simple obese women. Participants were randomized to undergo either eight weeks of 30-minute EA (EA30) followed by an eight-week washout period, then eight weeks of five-minute EA (EA5), or EA5 followed by a washout period, then EA30. Electro-acupuncture was performed at 14 acupoints for two sessions per week. Participants were randomized to undergo either eight weeks of EA30 followed by an eight-week washout period, then eight weeks of EA5, or EA5 followed by a washout period, then EA30. Electro-acupuncture was performed using a stainless silver needle at 14 acupoints for two sessions per week. The needle was connected to an electric stimulator that delivered a constant current, 40 Hz and 3 mA, for 30 or five minutes according to the assigned treatment period. The primary outcome was the difference in weight reduction between the short-duration and the conventional EA while differences in other anth-ropometric parameters and biochemical parameters were considered as secondary outcomes. RESULTS: After each treatment period, all anthro-pometric characteristics of both groups decreased from the baseline regardless of the treatment sequence, including body weight (1.4-1.8 kg; 0.01), body mass index (0.56-0.70 kg/m ; 0.01), waist and hip circumference, skinfold thickness and body fat percentage as well as the improvement in fasting blood glucose and lipid profiles. There were no significant differences of the treatment effects on anthropometric parameters and biomedical chemistries between conventional and short-duration EA. No adverse effects were reported. CONCLUSION: Short duration EA at 14 acupuncture points had comparable efficacy to conventional EA in reduction of weight and other anthropometric parameters as well as to improve biochemistry parameters in obese women.


Assuntos
Eletroacupuntura , Pontos de Acupuntura , Estudos Cross-Over , Feminino , Humanos , Obesidade/terapia , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Front Immunol ; 13: 788556, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35401582

RESUMO

Objectives: This study aimed to evaluate the expression of cytosine monophosphate kinase 2 (CMPK2) and activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome in rats with spinal cord injury (SCI) and to characterize the effects of electroacupuncture on CMPK2-associated regulation of the NLRP3 inflammasome. Methods: An SCI model was established in Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats. The expression levels of NLRP3 and CMPK2 were measured at different time points following induction of SCI. The rats were randomly divided into a sham group (Sham), a model group (Model), an electroacupuncture group (EA), an adeno-associated virus (AAV) CMPK2 group, and an AAV NC group. Electroacupuncture was performed at jiaji points on both sides of T9 and T11 for 20 min each day for 3 consecutive days. In the AAV CMPK2 and AAV NC groups, the viruses were injected into the T9 spinal cord via a microneedle using a microscope and a stereotactic syringe. The Basso-Beattie-Bresnahan (BBB) score was used to evaluate the motor function of rats in each group. Histopathological changes in spinal cord tissue were detected using H&E staining, and the expression levels of NLRP3, CMPK2, ASC, caspase-1, IL-18, and IL-1ß were quantified using Western blotting (WB), immunofluorescence (IF), and RT-PCR. Results: The expression levels of NLRP3 and CMPK2 in the spinal cords of the model group were significantly increased at day 1 compared with those in the sham group (p < 0.05). The expression levels of NLRP3 and CMPK2 decreased gradually over time and remained low at 14 days post-SCI. We successfully constructed AAV CMPK2 and showed that CMPK2 was significantly knocked down following 2 dilutions. Finally, treatment with EA or AAV CMPK2 resulted in significantly increased BBB scores compared to those in the model group and the AAV NC group (p < 0.05). The histomorphology of the spinal cord in the EA and AAV CMPK2 groups was significantly different than that in the model and AAV NC groups. WB, IF, and PCR analyses showed that the expression levels of CMPK2, NLRP3, ASC, caspase-1, IL-18, and IL-1ß were significantly lower in the EA and AAV CMPK2 groups compared with those in the model and AAV NC groups (p < 0.05). Conclusion: Our study showed that CMPK2 regulated NLRP3 expression in rats with SCI. Activation of NLRP3 is a critical mechanism of inflammasome activation and the inflammatory response following SCI. Electroacupuncture downregulated the expression of CMPK2 and inhibited activation of NLRP3, which could improve motor function in rats with SCI.


Assuntos
Eletroacupuntura , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR , Núcleosídeo-Fosfato Quinase , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal , Animais , Caspases , Inflamassomos , Interleucina-18 , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/genética , Núcleosídeo-Fosfato Quinase/genética , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/terapia
7.
BMJ Open ; 12(4): e050000, 2022 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35428615

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Postoperative ileus (POI) is an inevitable complication of almost all abdominal surgeries, which results in prolonged hospitalisation and increased healthcare costs. Various treatment strategies have been developed for POI but with limited success. Electroacupuncture (EA) might be a potential therapy for POI. However, evidence from rigorous trials that evaluated the effectiveness of EA for POI is limited. Thus, the aim of this study was to examine whether EA can safely reduce the time to the first defecation after laparoscopic surgery in patients with POI. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This multicentre randomised sham-controlled trial will be conducted in four hospitals in China. A total of 248 eligible participants with colorectal cancer who will undergo laparoscopic surgery will be randomly allocated to an EA group and a sham EA group in a 1:1 ratio. Treatment will be performed starting on postoperative day 1 and continued for four consecutive days, once per day. If the participant is discharged within 4 days after surgery, the treatment will cease on the day of discharge. The primary outcome will be the time to first defecation. The secondary outcome measures will include time to first flatus, tolerability of semiliquid and solid food, length of postoperative hospital stay, postoperative nausea and vomiting, abdominal distension, postoperative pain, postoperative analgesic, time to first ambulation, blinding assessment, credibility and expectancy and readmission rate. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Ethics approval was obtained from the Ethics Committee of Beijing University of Chinese Medicine (number 2020BZHYLL0116) and the institutional review board of each hospital. The results will be disseminated through peer-reviewed publications. This study protocol (V.3.0, 6 March 2020) involves human participants and was approved by the ethics committees of Beijing University of Chinese Medicine (number 2020BZHYLL0116), Beijing Friendship Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University (number 2020-P2-069-01), Beijing Chao-Yang Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University (number 2020-3-11-2), National Cancer Center/National Clinical Research Center for Cancer/Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College (number 20/163-2359), and the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University (number QYFYKYLL711311920). The participants gave informed consent to participate in the study before taking part. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: ChiCTR2000038444.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Eletroacupuntura , Íleus , Laparoscopia , Neoplasias Colorretais/complicações , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Eletroacupuntura/métodos , Humanos , Íleus/etiologia , Íleus/terapia , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/terapia , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 47(4): 298-304, 2022 Apr 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35486008

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on learning-memory ability, ultrastructural changes of hippocampal CA1 neurons, reactive oxygen species (ROS) level, Nod-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) and auto-phagy-related proteins expression in the hippocampus of vascular dementia (VD) rats, so as to reveal its partial mechanisms in treating VD. METHODS: Male SD rats were randomly divided into sham operation, model, and EA groups (n=10 rats in each group). The VD model was established by permanent ligation of bilateral common carotid arteries. Rats of the EA group were treated with EA at "Baihui" (GV20), "Dazhui" (GV14) and bilateral "Shenshu" (BL23) for 30 min, once a day for 4 weeks. Morris water maze was used to evaluate the learning and memory ability of rats before modeling, 4 weeks after modeling and after intervention. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) was used to observe the ultrastructural changes of hippocampal CA1 neurons. The level of ROS in hippocampus was detected by DCFH-DA fluorescence probe. The expressions of NLRP3, autophagy-related protein Beclin1 and microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 (LC3) were measured by Western blot. RESULTS: In comparison with the sham operation group, the average escape latency of rats in the model group was prolonged (P<0.01), and the times of crossing the original platform were reduced (P<0.05), the level of ROS, the expression levels of LC3-Ⅱ/LC3-Ⅰ ratio, Beclin1 and NLRP3 proteins in hippocampus were increased (P<0.01, P<0.05) in the model group. After EA intervention, the average escape latency of rats was significantly shortened (P<0.01), and the times of crossing the original platform were increased (P<0.05), the level of ROS, the expression levels of LC3-Ⅱ/LC3-Ⅰ ratio, Beclin1 and NLRP3 proteins in hippocampus were decreased (P<0.01, P<0.05) in the EA group compared with those of the model group. Outcomes of TEM showed that CA1 neurons in the hippocampus were damaged, chromatin aggregation, mitochondria pyknosis, cristae structure disorder, rough endoplasmic reticulum expanded and degranulated, the number of free ribosomes decreased, and autophagy could be seen in the model group, which were milder in the EA group. CONCLUSION: EA at GV20, GV14 and BL23 can improve the learning and memory abilities of VD rats, alleviate the ultrastructural damage of neurons in hippocampal CA1 area, and repair the damaged neurons. The mechanism may be related to the reduction of ROS level, LC3-Ⅱ/LC3-Ⅰ ratio, NLRP3 and Beclin1 protein expression, the decrease of neuronal autophagy, inhibition of activation of NLRP3 inflammasome and alleviation of central inflammatory response.


Assuntos
Demência Vascular , Eletroacupuntura , Animais , Proteínas Relacionadas à Autofagia/análise , Proteínas Relacionadas à Autofagia/metabolismo , Proteína Beclina-1/análise , Proteína Beclina-1/genética , Proteína Beclina-1/metabolismo , Demência Vascular/genética , Demência Vascular/metabolismo , Demência Vascular/terapia , Hipocampo/metabolismo , Masculino , Memória , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/análise , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/genética , Proteínas NLR , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/análise
9.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 47(4): 305-13, 2022 Apr 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35486009

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) at "Zusanli" (ST36) and "Feishu" (BL13) on the activation and secretion of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) and 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) of pulmonary neuroendocrine cells (PNECs) and inflammatory response in rats with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), so as to explore its underlying mechanisms in treating COPD. METHODS: Male SD rats were randomly divided into normal control, COPD model and EA groups, with 7 rats in each group. The COPD model was established by forced inhale of cigarette smoke for 1 h in a self-made box (1 m×1 m×1 m in volume), twice daily for 12 weeks. EA (4 Hz/20 Hz, 1-3 mA) was applied at bilateral ST36 and BL13 acupoints for 30 min, once a day for 14 consecutive days. The pulmonary function including the forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume at 0.1 second (FEV0.1), FEV0.3, FEV0.1/FVC and FEV0.3/FVC was detected using a lung function analyzer for small animals. The lung tissue was sampled for observing histopathological changes by using H.E. staining, for observing expression and distribution of PNECs by Grimelius silver staining, and for detecting the immunoactivity (integrated optical density) of CGRP and 5-HT by using immunohistochemistry. The contents of CGRP, 5-HT, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß) and transforming growth factor-ß1 (TGF-ß1) in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) and lung tissue were detected by ELISA, and the correlations between TNF-α and CGRP, IL-1ß and CGRP, TNF-α and 5-HT, and IL-1ß and 5-HT levels were analyzed. The mRNA and protein expression levels of nerve fiber markers of CGRP and purinergic receptor P2X ligand gated ion channel 3 (P2X3) which dominate PNECs in the lung tissue were detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR and Western blot, respectively. RESULTS: Compared with the normal control group, the levels of FVC, FEV0.1, FEV0.3, and the ratios of FEV0.1/FVC and FEV0.3/FVC were significantly decreased (P<0.05, P<0.01), while the immunoactivity of PNECs, CGRP and 5-HT, the contents of CGRP, 5-HT, TNF-α, IL-1ß and TGF-ß1 in the BALF and lung tissue, and the expression levels of CGRP and P2X3 mRNAs and proteins in the lung tissue significantly increased in the COPD model group (P<0.01, P<0.05). Following EA intervention, both the increased and decreased levels of all the indexes mentioned above were reversed (P<0.05, P<0.01) except FEV0.3. H.E. staining showed severe deformed bronchial lumen with thickened wall and alveolar septum, and obvious inflammatory cell infiltration and reduced number of alveolar lumen fusion in the COPD model group, which was mild in the EA group. A positive correlation was found between TNF-α and CGRP, IL-1ß and CGRP, TNF-α and 5-HT,IL-1ß and 5-HT levels in both BALF and lung tissues (P<0.01). CONCLUSION: EA at ST36 and BL13 can improve lung function and reduce inflammatory response in COPD rats, which may be related to its function in inhibiting the activation of PNECs and release of neuroactive substances.


Assuntos
Eletroacupuntura , Células Neuroendócrinas , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Animais , Peptídeo Relacionado com Gene de Calcitonina/genética , Pulmão/metabolismo , Masculino , Células Neuroendócrinas/química , Células Neuroendócrinas/metabolismo , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/terapia , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Serotonina , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1 , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
10.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 47(4): 314-20, 2022 Apr 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35486010

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) of "Shangjuxu"(ST37) and "Tianshu"(ST25) on colonic mucosal injury and activities of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB)/Nod-like receptor family,pyrin domain-containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome signaling in the colonic tissue in rats with ulcerative colitis (UC), so as to explore its mechanisms underlying improvement of UC. METHODS: Male SD rats were randomly divided into blank, model, medication and EA groups, with 12 rats in each group. The UC model was established by enema of 2-4-6 trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid +50% ethanol (2.5 mL). EA (10 Hz/50 Hz) was applied to bilateral ST37 and ST25 for 20 min, once a day, for a total of 10 days. Rats of the medication group received gavage of mesalazine suspension (2 mL:0.2 g/kg+0.9% saline) once a day, for 10 days. The rats' general conditions were recorded for calculating the disease activity index (DAI) score (0-4 points). The colonic tissue was sampled for giving colonic mucosa damage index (CMDI, 0-5 points) score and for observing histopathological changes after hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining, and for detecting expression levels of NF-κB and NLRP3 by using immunohistochemistry and Western blot, separately. The contents of serum interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß), NLRP3 and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. RESULTS: Compared with the blank group, the DAI and CMDI scores, contents of serum IL-1ß, NLRP3, and TNF-α, as well as the immunoactivity and expression of NF-κB and NLRP3 proteins were significantly increased in the model group (P<0.05). Relevant to the model group, modeling-induced increases of DAI and CMDI scores, serum IL-1ß, NLRP3 and TNF-α contents, and NF-κB and NLRP3 expression were reversed in both medication and EA groups (P<0.05), the effect of EA was apparently superior to that of mesalazine in down-regulating CMDI score and serum IL-1ß level (P<0.05). No significant diffe-rences were found between the medication and EA groups in down-regulating DAI score, serum TNF-α and NLRP3 contents, and expression of NF-κB and NLRP3 proteins (P>0.05). The rats' general conditions including arch back sloth, anorexia, loss of fur gloss, weight loss, lethargy and loose of stool, and histopathological changes such as necrosis of intestinal mucosa, formation of obvious ulcerative surface, with many neutrophils and pus cells and inflammatory cell infiltration were obvious in the model group, which were relative milder in both medication and EA groups. CONCLUSION: EA can relieve colonic injury in UC rats, which may be related to its functions in down-regulating serum IL-1ß, TNF-α and NLRP3 levels by suppressing colonic NF-κB / NLRP3 inflammasome signaling.


Assuntos
Colite Ulcerativa , Eletroacupuntura , Animais , Colite Ulcerativa/genética , Colite Ulcerativa/terapia , Inflamassomos/genética , Masculino , Mesalamina , NF-kappa B/genética , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/genética , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética
11.
Trials ; 23(1): 364, 2022 Apr 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35477483

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gastroscopy procedures are frequently performed under general sedation to minimize discomfort. Patients who refuse a sedative injection may experience more discomfort and adverse reactions such as pain and nausea. These instances reduce patient compliance and willingness to participate in future procedures. Acupuncture has been shown to have an anti-nausea and analgesic effect; however, there is limited data available that demonstrates the efficacy of acupuncture when applied before gastroscopy. METHODS: A total of 60 participants will be randomly assigned to the electroacupuncture (EA) group and the sham electroacupuncture (SEA) group at a ratio of 1:1. Acupuncture treatment will be performed before gastroscopy for a duration of 30 min. All patients will complete detailed questionnaires at 30 min and 7 days post-procedure to record the severity of their symptoms. The primary outcome will be the average of 4 standard visual analogue scale (VAS) scores in the categories of nausea, vomiting, throat discomfort, and agitation as reported by the patient. The secondary outcomes will be patient's anxiety level as recorded by the 6-item short form of the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI-S6) and Amsterdam Pre-Operative Anxiety and Information Scale (APAIS), preference in a future endoscopy, pulse oxygen saturation (SpO2), heart rate (HR), and blood pressure (BP). Anxiety scales will be assessed before and after acupuncture; others will be completed at 30 min and 7 days post-procedure. The duration of the gastroscopy and the number of biopsies will be recorded after operation. DISCUSSION: This randomized controlled trial will explore the feasibility of the further clinical application of electroacupuncture for the improvement of patient discomfort during gastroscopy without systemic sedation. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ChiCTR2000040726 . This trial has been approved by the Ethics Committee of Shanghai Municipal Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine (2020SHL-KY-11). Registration date 12 August 2020.


Assuntos
Eletroacupuntura , Gastroscopia , China , Gastroscopia/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Náusea/etiologia , Náusea/prevenção & controle , Dor/etiologia , Dor/prevenção & controle , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
12.
Arq Neuropsiquiatr ; 80(3): 289-295, 2022 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35416841

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acupuncture is a treatment for neuropathic pain, but its mechanism remains unclear. Previous studies showed that analgesia was induced in rats with neuropathic pain when their spinal cord adenosine content increased after electroacupuncture (EA); however, the mechanism behind this electroacupuncture-induced increase has not been clarified. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the role that ecto-5'-nucleotidase plays in EA-induced analgesia for neuropathic pain. METHODS: We performed electroacupuncture at the Zusanli acupoint on the seventh day after establishing a rat model of neuropathic pain induced through chronic constriction injuries. We observed the mechanical withdrawal threshold and thermal pain threshold and detected the expression of ecto-5'-nucleotidase in the spinal cord using Western blot. Chronic constriction injury rat models were intraperitoneally injected with α,ß-methyleneadenosine 5'-diphosphate, an ecto-5'-nucleotidase inhibitor, 30 min before electroacupuncture. The adenosine content of the spinal cord was detected using high-performance liquid chromatography. Lastly, the adenosine A1 receptor agonist N6-cyclopentyladenosine was intrathecally injected into the lumbar swelling of the rats, and the mechanical withdrawal and thermal pain thresholds were reevaluated. RESULTS: Analgesia and increased ecto-5'-nucleotidase expression and adenosine content in the spinal cord were observed 1 h after electroacupuncture. α,ß-methyleneadenosine 5'-diphosphate was able to inhibit upregulation of adenosine content and electroacupuncture-induced analgesia. After administration of N6-cyclopentyladenosine, electroacupuncture-induced analgesia was restored. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that electroacupuncture at Zusanli can produce analgesia in chronic constriction injury rat models, possibly via the increased ecto-5'-nucleotidase expression induced through electroacupuncture, thus leading to increased adenosine expression in the spinal cord.


Assuntos
Analgesia , Eletroacupuntura , Neuralgia , 5'-Nucleotidase/metabolismo , Adenosina , Animais , Neuralgia/terapia , Nucleotidases , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Medula Espinal/metabolismo
13.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 42(4): 381-4, 2022 Apr 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35403395

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the improvement effect between simultaneous electroacupuncture at antagonistic muscle and agonistic muscle and simple electroacupuncture at antagonistic muscle on spasticity degree, upper-extremity motor function and activity of daily living in patients with upper-extremity spasticity after stroke. METHODS: A total of 60 patients with upper-extremity spasticity after stroke were randomized into a comprehensive group (30 cases, 1 case dropped off) and an antagonistic muscle group (30 cases, 2 cases dropped off). In the antagonistic muscle group, acupuncture was applied at Jianyu (LI 15), Binao (LI 14), Zhouliao (LI 12), Shousanli (LI 10), Waiguan (TE 5) and Houxi (SI 3), electric stimulation was attached to Jianyu (LI 15)-Binao (LI 14), Zhouliao (LI 12)-Shousanli (LI 10) and Waiguan (TE 5)-Houxi (SI 3), with discontinuous wave, 15 Hz in frequency. On the basis of the treatment in the antagonistic muscle group, acupuncture was applied at Tianquan (PC 2), Chize (LU 5), Jianshi (PC 5) and Daling (PC 7) in the comprehensive group, electric stimulation was attached to Tianquan (PC 2)-Chize (LU 5) and Jianshi (PC 5)-Daling (PC 7), with continuous wave, 5 Hz in frequency. The treatment was given once a day, 6 days a week for 4 weeks in the two groups. Before and after treatment, the scores of modified Ashworth scale (MAS), Fugl-Meyer assessment upper extremity scale (FMA-UE) and modified Barthel index (MBI) scale were observed in the two groups. RESULTS: Compared before treatment, the MAS scores of elbow flexors and wrist flexors after treatment were decreased (P<0.05), the scores of FMA-UE and MBI scale after treatment were increased in the two groups (P<0.05). The scores of FMA-UE and MBI scale after treatment in the comprehensive group were higher than those in the antagonistic muscle group (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Simultaneous electroacupuncture at antagonistic muscle and agonistic muscle and simple electroacupuncture at antagonistic muscle can both improve the spasticity degree in patients with upper-extremity spasticity after stroke, however, the former can better restore motor function and improve activity of daily living.


Assuntos
Eletroacupuntura , Reabilitação do Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Hormônios Esteroides Gonadais , Humanos , Espasticidade Muscular/etiologia , Espasticidade Muscular/terapia , Músculos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/terapia , Resultado do Tratamento , Extremidade Superior
14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(15): e28047, 2022 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35475793

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Ischemic stroke (IS) is the one of the most severe neurological disease, survivors may live with upper limb motor dysfunction (ULMD) resulting in heavy social and economic burden. Nowadays, there are few approaches to promote the rehabilitation of ULMD. Auricular acupuncture (electroacupuncture [EA]) has long been used in the treatment of neurological disorders in China. This treatment has become an attractive treatment option due to its low cost, portability, minimal side effects, and ease of use in clinical and operational environments. However, its efficacy and safety in consciousness recovery remain to be proved. METHODS: A total of 80 IS patients with single upper limb motor function impairment will be recruited in the trial and randomized into EA or control groups. Patients in the control group will receive routine conventional treatment alone while patients in the EA group will receive EA treatment for 3 consecutive weeks based on routine conventional treatment. Baseline evaluation was carried out on day of enrollment, post-treatment evaluation was carried out 14 and 21 days after enrollment, and the 2 groups were follow-ups in 3 and 6 months after the end of the trial. The efficacy will be assessed with the changes in the upper limb Fugl-Meyer assessment, Wolf motor function test, action research arm test, active range of motion, and Barthel index. The safety of EA will be estimated by monitoring the incidence of adverse events and changes in vital signs during the study period. Analysis of feasibility will be descriptive and the change in outcome measures between groups will be analyzed using an independent sample t test. DISCUSSION: This study tried to narrow the evidence gap on the efficacy of EA at the auricular on the recovery of ULMD in patients with IS. The results of this trial will provide strong evidence for the efficacy and safety of EA of auricular concha region stimulation for IS patients.Trial registration: This trial has been registered at the Chinese Clinical Trial Registry, numbered ChiCTR2100049678.


Assuntos
Eletroacupuntura , AVC Isquêmico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Eletroacupuntura/métodos , Humanos , Projetos Piloto , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento , Extremidade Superior
15.
Chin J Physiol ; 65(2): 87-92, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35488674

RESUMO

Postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) is a common complication after surgery in elderly patients. Electroacupuncture (EA) has been reported to relieve POCD in animal models, but the mechanism remains fully elucidated. The objective of this work was to clarify whether EA could alleviate POCD via regulating autophagy. In this study, aged rats were assigned into 4 groups: control, surgery (rats underwent exploratory laparotomy to induce POCD), EA + S (rats received EA pre-stimulation before surgery), and EA + S + Chloroquine (CQ) (rats were intraperitoneally injected with CQ before EA stimulation and then underwent surgery). The cognitive function of rats was assessed by Morris Water Maze (MWM) test after surgery, and autophagy in hippocampal tissues of rats was evaluated by western blotting and transmission electron microscope. Results indicated that the MWM test revealed that rats showed reduced platform crossing and increased total swimming distance after surgery. However, this impaired spatial memory was improved by EA and EA plus CQ pre-treatment. Besides, the surgery caused an increased expression in LC3II, Beclin-1, AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), and p-AMPK in hippocampal tissues of rats, while EA and EA plus CQ pre-treatment also reversed this effect. In addition, the surgery-induced increased amount of autophagic vesicles in hippocampal tissues of rats was reduced by EA and EA plus CQ pre-treatment. In conclusion, EA pre-stimulation could effectively attenuate cognitive impairment in aged rats with POCD via inhibiting AMPK signaling-mediated autophagy.


Assuntos
Eletroacupuntura , Complicações Cognitivas Pós-Operatórias , Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por AMP/metabolismo , Animais , Autofagia , Eletroacupuntura/métodos , Transtornos da Memória/etiologia , Complicações Cognitivas Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
16.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 17(1): 233, 2022 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35413861

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hand osteoarthritis (OA) is a prevalent joint disorder and a great burden to both patients and society. While electroacupuncture (EA) and topical diclofenac sodium gel (DSG) are both currently used to treat OA, no head-to-head study of EA and topical DSG for hand OA exists. Thus, it remains unknown whether one intervention offers improved outcomes over the other. This study aims to compare the effects of EA and topical DSG in patients with hand OA. METHODS: A total of 108 participants with hand OA according to the American College of Rheumatology criteria will be recruited and randomly assigned to the EA group or topical DSG group with a 1:1 allocation ratio. Participants in the EA group will receive EA treatment thrice weekly for 4 weeks, followed by a 12-week follow-up. In the topical DSG group, topical DSG at a dose of 2 g over the affected joints per hand will be applied four times per day for 4 weeks. The outcomes will be measured at weeks 4, 8, and 16. The primary outcome will be the change in average overall finger joint pain intensity in the dominant hand from baseline to week 4. All outcome variables will be analyzed on an intention-to-treat principle. All statistical tests will be two-sided. DISCUSSION: This study will help determine which of the two treatment protocols, EA or topical DSG, is more effective for the clinical treatment of hand OA. Trial registration ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT04402047. Registered 16 May 2020, https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT04402047.


Assuntos
Eletroacupuntura , Osteoartrite do Joelho , Diclofenaco/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Osteoartrite do Joelho/tratamento farmacológico , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Sódio/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 42(4): 413-8, 2022 Apr 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35403401

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of moxibustion at oppositely-located points "Mingmen" (GV 4) and "Shenque" (CV 8) on the motor function of the hind limbs and bladder function in rats with neurogenic bladder after suprasacral spinal cord injury (SCI), so as to explore the effect of this therapy on bladder tissue apoptosis mediated by endoplasmic reticulum stress pathway. METHODS: Twenty-eight female Wistar rats were randomly divided into a sham-operation group (8 rats) and a model establishment group (20 rats). Using the modified Allen's method, the spinal cord of T10 segment was injured to establish a neurogenic bladder model in the model establishment group. Sixteen rats were modeled successfully and then divided into a model group (8 rats) and a moxibustion group (8 rats). In the moxibustion group, 2 h after consciousness regaining from modeling anesthesia, moxibustion was exerted at "Shenque" (CV 8) and "Mingmen" (GV 4), 2 cones at each acupoint in one intervention. The intervention was administered once every two days and 5-time intervention was required totally. After intervention, Basso, Beattie and Bresnahan locomotor rating scale (BBB) score for the motor function of the hind limbs, and the urodynamics indexes (maximum bladder capacity, urine leakage pressure and bladder compliance) were compared among groups. HE staining method was adopted to observe the morphological changes of bladder tissue. With Western blot method and real-time PCR assay, the protein and mRNA expressions of the endoplasmic reticulum stress-related genes (glucose- regulated protein 78 [GRP78], activating transcription factor 4 [ATF4] and cysteinyl aspartate specific proteinase-12 [Caspase-12]) were determined. RESULTS: The transitional epithelial cells were arranged irregularly, the bladder wall was getting thinner, and the cellular vacuolar degeneration and neutrophil infiltration were found in the model group. Whereas, compared with the model group, in the moxibustion group, the arrangement of transitional epithelial cells was clear and continuous in layers, the cellular vacuolar degeneration was mild and the infiltration presented in a small amount of neutrophil granulocytes. Compared with the sham-operation group, in the model group, the BBB score was reduced (P<0.01), the maximum bladder capacity and bladder compliance were increased (P<0.01), and the protein expression levels of GRP78, ATF4 and Caspase-12, as well as mRNA expressions were all increased (P<0.01). In comparison with the model group, in the moxibustion group, BBB score was increased (P<0.01), the maximum bladder capacity and bladder compliance were decreased (P<0.01), and the protein and mRNA expression levels of GRP78, ATF4 and Caspase-12 were all decreased (P<0.01). CONCLUSION: Moxibustion at the "oppositely-located points" improves the urination function, alleviate urine retention in neurogenic bladder rats after spinal cord injury. The underlying mechanism may be related to the down-regulation of the expressions of GRP78, ATF4 and Caspase-12 in the endoplasmic reticulum stress pathway of the bladder tissues, and thus to alleviate the apoptosis of bladder tissue.


Assuntos
Eletroacupuntura , Moxibustão , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal , Bexiga Urinaria Neurogênica , Animais , Caspase 12/genética , Estresse do Retículo Endoplasmático , Feminino , RNA Mensageiro , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Ratos Wistar , Medula Espinal , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/complicações , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/genética , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/terapia , Bexiga Urinaria Neurogênica/terapia
18.
Am J Chin Med ; 50(3): 673-690, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35282806

RESUMO

Acupuncture has been used to treat numerous diseases such as obesity in China for thousands of years. Several mechanisms of acupuncture on obesity have been surveyed based on metabolomics, but the effects of acupuncture on the alterations in the gut flora are still unclear. In this study, an integrated approach based on 16S rRNA gene sequencing combined with high-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS) metabolic profiling was conducted to investigate the effects of acupuncture on high-fat-diet-induced obesity through the regulation of the relative abundances of gut microbiota and their relationships with biomarker candidates. A total of 10 significantly altered bacterial genera and 11 metabolites were recognized, which recovered to normal levels after electroacupuncture treatment. The relative abundances of the bacterial families Muribaculaceae,Lachnospiraceae,Desulfovibrionaceae,Helicobacteraceae, Prevotellaceae,Ruminococcaceae,Rikenellaceae,Deferribacteraceae,Bacteroidaceae andTannerellaceaewere remarkedly changed among the three groups. Potential biomarkers, including LysoPC(0:0/16:0) ([Formula: see text]1),PC(0:0/18:0) ([Formula: see text]2),Cholic acid([Formula: see text]3),LysoPC(16:0) ([Formula: see text]4), 3[Formula: see text],6[Formula: see text],7[Formula: see text]-Trihydroxy-5[Formula: see text]-cholanoic acid([Formula: see text]5), 5beta-Cyprinolsulfate([Formula: see text]6),PC(18:0/0:0) ([Formula: see text]7), 1-Nitro-5-hydroxy-6-glutathionyl-5,6-dihydronaphthalene([Formula: see text]8),Glycocholic acid([Formula: see text]9),[Formula: see text]-Arginine([Formula: see text]10) andGulonic acid([Formula: see text]11), were involved in several metabolic pathways, such as the glycerophospholipid metabolism and primary bile acid biosynthesis. Interestingly, there was a strong correlation between the perturbed gut flora in Bilophila and Bifidobacterium and the altered intestinal metabolite of 3[Formula: see text],6[Formula: see text],7[Formula: see text]-Trihydroxy-5[Formula: see text]-cholanoic acid and Cholanoic acid and [Formula: see text]-Arginine. This finding suggested that the effects of electroacupuncture might change the proportions of Bilophila and Bifidobacterium by regulating the constituents of the functional metabolite of 3[Formula: see text],6[Formula: see text],7[Formula: see text]-Trihydroxy-5[Formula: see text]-cholanoic acid and Cholanoic acid and [Formula: see text]-Arginine. These results indicated that the effects of electroacupuncture focused on custom metabolic pathways as well as depend on the changes in the gut microbiota in obesity. These findings suggest that the 16S rRNA gene sequencing and HPLC-MS-based metabolomics approach can be applied to comprehensively assess the effects of traditional Chinese medicines.


Assuntos
Eletroacupuntura , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Animais , Arginina , Bactérias , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Genes de RNAr , Humanos , Espectrometria de Massas , Metaboloma , Metabolômica , Camundongos , Camundongos Obesos , Obesidade/genética , Obesidade/terapia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética
19.
Brain Res ; 1783: 147848, 2022 05 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35227653

RESUMO

Glutamate excitotoxicity plays a role in spinal cord injury (SCI). This study aimed to explore whether electroacupuncture (EA) improved the functional recovery of spinal cord anterior horn neurons of rats with acute SCI by regulating the GluR1 AMPA subunit in the SCI area. Eighty Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into 5 groups: sham operation, model, AMPA antagonist (DNQX), EA and DNQX + EA group (n = 16/group). The models were obtained by using the modified Allen's impact method. DNQX was given by intrathecal injection 0.5 h after modeling. EA was performed at the "Dazhui" and "Mingmen" acupoints for 30 min at 0.5, 12, and 24 h. The BBB scores were evaluated before modeling and at 6, 24, and 48 h after modeling. Histopathological changes were evaluated. GluR1 expression was evaluated through immunofluorescence and western blot. Compared to the sham group, the BBB scores at 6, 24, and 48 h in the model group were all lower. The BBB scores and histopathological changes in the EA, DNQX and DNQX + EA group were between that of the sham and model group. GluR1 expression in the model group was higher than the sham group. Compared with the model group, the expression of GluR1 protein in the EA, DNQX, and DNQX + EA group was decreased, but similar among the three treatment groups, supporting the histopathological observations. In conclusion, these findings indicated that EA treatment might inhibit GluR1 expression, thus contributing to prevention of secondary nerve injury after primary acute SCI.


Assuntos
Eletroacupuntura , Receptores de AMPA , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal , Animais , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Receptores de AMPA/metabolismo , Medula Espinal/metabolismo , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/metabolismo , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/terapia
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