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1.
J Int Med Res ; 49(11): 3000605211057822, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34791909

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To examine the combination of heart rate recovery (HRR) and heart rate variability (HRV) in predicting atrial fibrillation (AF) progression. METHODS: Data from patients with a first detected episode of AF who underwent treadmill exercise testing and 24-h Holter electrocardiography were retrospectively analysed. Autonomic dysfunction was verified using HRR values. Sympathetic and parasympathetic modulation was analysed by HRV. AF progression was defined as transition from the first detected paroxysmal episode to persistent/permanent AF. RESULTS: Of 306 patients, mean LF/HF ratio and HRR did not differ significantly by AF progression regardless of age (< or ≥65 years). However, when the LF/HF ratio was divided into tertiles, in patients aged <65 years, the mid LF/HF (1.60-2.40) ratio was significantly associated with lower AF progression rates and longer maintenance of normal sinus rhythm. For patients aged <65 years, less metabolic equivalents were related to higher AF progression rates. For patients aged ≥65 years, a low HRR was associated with high AF progression rates. CONCLUSION: In relatively younger age, high physical capacity and balanced autonomic nervous system regulation are important predictors of AF progression. Evaluation of autonomic function assessed by age could predict AF progression.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Idoso , Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico , Sistema Nervoso Autônomo , Eletrocardiografia Ambulatorial , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos
2.
BMJ Case Rep ; 14(11)2021 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34753725

RESUMO

Asymptomatic takotsubo syndrome was observed during periodic Holter monitoring in a man in his 60s undergoing maintenance dialysis. No emotional or physical stress was noticed. The electrocardiographic changes at onset were determined, and repeated ST elevation and progressive formation of giant negative T waves were recorded.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatia de Takotsubo , Arritmias Cardíacas , Eletrocardiografia , Eletrocardiografia Ambulatorial , Humanos , Masculino , Diálise Renal , Cardiomiopatia de Takotsubo/diagnóstico , Cardiomiopatia de Takotsubo/etiologia
3.
PLoS One ; 16(10): e0258841, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34710127

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with COVID-19 present with a variety of clinical manifestations, ranging from mild or asymptomatic disease to severe illness and death. Whilst previous studies have clarified these and several other aspects of COVID-19, one of the ongoing challenges regarding COVID-19 is to determine which patients are at risk of adverse outcomes of COVID-19 infection. It is hypothesized that this is the result of insufficient inhibition of the immune response, with the vagus nerve being an important neuro-immuno-modulator of inflammation. Vagus nerve activity can be non-invasively indexed by heart-rate-variability (HRV). Therefore, we aimed to assess the prognostic value of HRV, as a surrogate marker for vagus nerve activity, in predicting mortality and intensive care unit (ICU) referral, in patients hospitalized with COVID-19. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study including all consecutive patients (n = 271) diagnosed and hospitalized with COVID-19 between March 2020 and May 2020, without a history of cardiac arrhythmias (including atrial and ventricular premature contractions), pacemaker, or current bradycardia (heart rate <50 bpm) or tachycardia (heart rate >110 bpm). HRV was based on one 10s ECG recorded at admission. 3-week survival and ICU referral were examined. RESULTS: HRV indexed as standard deviation of normal to normal heartbeat intervals (SDNN) predicted survival (H.R. = 0.53 95%CI: 0.31-0.92). This protective role was observed only in patients aged 70 years and older, not in younger patients. HRV below median value also predicted ICU referral within the first week of hospitalization (H.R = 0.51, 95%CI: 0.29-0.90, P = 0.021). CONCLUSION: Higher HRV predicts greater chances of survival, especially in patients aged 70 years and older with COVID-19, independent of major prognostic factors. Low HRV predicts ICU indication and admission in the first week after hospitalization.


Assuntos
COVID-19/mortalidade , Frequência Cardíaca/fisiologia , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , COVID-19/metabolismo , Eletrocardiografia Ambulatorial , Feminino , Coração/fisiopatologia , Átrios do Coração/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Miocárdio/metabolismo , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , SARS-CoV-2/metabolismo , SARS-CoV-2/patogenicidade , Resultado do Tratamento , Nervo Vago/fisiopatologia
4.
PLoS One ; 16(10): e0255894, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34624048

RESUMO

In this work we study the characteristics of heart rate variability (HRV) as a function of age and gender. Our analysis covers a wider age range than that studied so far. It includes results previously reported in the literature and reveals behaviours not reported before. We can establish basic scale relationships in different HRV measurements. The mean value of the RR intervals shows a power-law behaviour independent of gender. Magnitudes such as the standard deviation or pNN50 show abrupt changes at around the age of 12 years, and above that age they show gender dependence, which mainly affects short-time (or high frequency) scales. We present a unified analysis for the calculation of the non-linear α and ß parameters. Both parameters depend on age; they increase in the extremes of life and reach a minimum at around one year of age. These gender-independent changes occur at low frequencies and in scale ranges that depend on age. The results obtained in this work are discussed in terms of the effects of basal metabolic rate, hormonal regulation, and neuronal activity on heart rate variability. This work finally discusses how these findings influence the interpretation of HRV measurements from records of different lengths.


Assuntos
Fatores Etários , Eletrocardiografia Ambulatorial/métodos , Frequência Cardíaca/fisiologia , Coração/fisiologia , Fatores Sexuais , Adolescente , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Sistema Nervoso Autônomo/fisiologia , Metabolismo Basal/fisiologia , Análise Química do Sangue , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Voluntários Saudáveis , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Distribuição por Sexo , Adulto Jovem
5.
Isr Med Assoc J ; 23(10): 651-656, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34672448

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a connective tissue disease that may affect the heart and the autonomic nervous system (ANS). There is little knowledge regarding the degree of ANS involvement in SSc patients with unknown cardiac disease. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate cardiac and pupillary autonomic functions in patients before cardiac involvement has emerged. METHODS: The study comprised 19 patients with SSc and 29 healthy controls. Heart rate variability (HRV) analysis for time and frequency domains, as well as deep breathing test and Ewing maneuvers, were performed in all patients. Automated pupillometry for the evaluation of pupillary diameter and pupillary light reflex was completed in 8 SSc patients and 21 controls. RESULTS: Both groups had similar characteristics, except for medications that were more commonly or solely prescribed for SSc patients. Compared with control subjects, the SSc patients had significantly lower HRV parameters of NN50 (15.8 ± 24.4 vs. 33.9 ± 33.1, P = 0.03), pNN50 (4.9 ± 7.4% vs.10.8 ± 10.8%, P = 0.03), and triangular index (11.7 ± 3.4 vs. 15.7 ± 5.8, P = 0.02). Abnormal adaptive responses in heart rate changes were recorded during deep breathing tests and Ewing maneuvers. There was no significant difference in any of the pupillometric indices or other HRV parameters within groups. CONCLUSIONS: SSc patients may manifest cardiac autonomic dysfunction, while their autonomic pupillary function is seemingly spared. The role of certain medications, the significance of differential organ involvement, as well as the prognostic value of our findings should be evaluated in future studies.


Assuntos
Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Autônomo , Cardiopatias , Frequência Cardíaca , Distúrbios Pupilares , Reflexo Pupilar , Escleroderma Sistêmico , Adulto , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Autônomo/diagnóstico , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Autônomo/etiologia , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Autônomo/fisiopatologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Eletrocardiografia Ambulatorial/métodos , Feminino , Cardiopatias/diagnóstico , Cardiopatias/etiologia , Humanos , Israel/epidemiologia , Masculino , Exame Neurológico/métodos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Distúrbios Pupilares/diagnóstico , Distúrbios Pupilares/etiologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/complicações , Escleroderma Sistêmico/diagnóstico , Escleroderma Sistêmico/fisiopatologia
7.
Eur Heart J ; 42(38): 3979-3988, 2021 10 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34471928

RESUMO

AIMS: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between within-individual changes in physical activity and onset of atrial fibrillation (AF). METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 1410 participants from the general population (46.2% women, mean age 74.7 ± 4.1 years) with risk factors but with no prior AF diagnosis underwent continuous monitoring for AF episodes along with daily accelerometric assessment of physical activity using an implantable loop recorder during ≈3.5 years. The combined duration of monitoring was ≈1.6 million days, where 10 851 AF episodes lasting ≥60 min were detected in 361 participants (25.6%) with a median of 5 episodes (2, 25) each. The median daily physical activity was 112 (66, 168) min/day. A dynamic parameter describing within-individual changes in daily physical activity, i.e. average daily activity in the last week compared to the previous 100 days, was computed and used to model the onset of AF. A 1-h decrease in average daily physical activity was associated with AF onset the next day [odds ratio 1.24 (1.18-1.31)]. This effect was modified by overall level of activity (P < 0.001 for interaction), and the signal was strongest in the tertile of participants with lowest activity overall [low: 1.62 (1.41-1.86), mid: 1.27 (1.16-1.39), and high: 1.10 (1.01-1.19)]. CONCLUSIONS: Within-individual changes in physical activity are associated with the onset of AF episodes as detected by continuous monitoring in a high-risk population. For each person, a 1-h decrease in daily physical activity during the last week increased the odds of AF onset the next day by ≈25%, while the strongest association was seen in the group with the lowest activity overall. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov, identifier: NCT02036450.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Idoso , Fibrilação Atrial/epidemiologia , Fibrilação Atrial/etiologia , Eletrocardiografia Ambulatorial , Exercício Físico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores de Risco
8.
Am J Cardiol ; 158: 112-117, 2021 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34465462

RESUMO

The impact of mitral valve abnormality on the occurrence of non-sustained ventricular tachycardia (NSVT) in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HC) has not been well determined. We sought to demonstrate the relation of mitral valve abnormalities with NSVT in patients with obstructive HC. Three hundred and sixteen adult patients with obstructive HC with at least 1 Holter electrocardiographic monitoring and cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) from 2014 to 2018 were enrolled. CMR images and Holter electrocardiography were analyzed in all patients. NSVT occurred in 50 patients (16%). Compared with those without NSVT, anterior mitral leaflet and posterior mitral leaflet lengths was significantly increased in patients with NSVT (AML 32.0 ± 5.0mm vs. 26.1±4.8mm, p<0.001; PML 17.7±3.7mm vs. 15.2±2.7mm, p<0.001, respectively). Multivariate logistic regression analysis indicated that elongated AML and PML were significantly independent predictors of NSVT (AML: OR 1.261, 95%CI 1.156-1.375, p<0.001; PML: OR 1.126, 95%CI 1.001-1.265, p=0.047). Furthermore, the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve for AML was 0.812. At a cutoff valve of 27.5mm, AML length had a sensitivity of 86% and specificity of 65%. Elongated mitral leaflets independently correlated with NSVT in patients with obstructive HC. Furthermore, the morphological abnormalities of mitral valve could serve as a useful marker for improving risk stratification of SCD and may play a role in optimizing surgical strategy for patients with obstructive HC.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica/complicações , Valva Mitral/anormalidades , Taquicardia Ventricular/complicações , Adulto , Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Transversais , Eletrocardiografia Ambulatorial , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Curva ROC , Fatores de Risco , Taquicardia Ventricular/diagnóstico
9.
Am J Cardiol ; 158: 45-52, 2021 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34465464

RESUMO

We evaluated the association of longitudinal changes in circulating levels of N-terminal pro B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and high sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) with the burden of arrhythmias as captured by 2-week ambulatory ECG monitoring. This study included 1,930 Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study participants who wore a leadless, ambulatory ECG monitor (Zio XT Patch) at visit 6 (2016 to 2017) and had cardiac biomarkers measured at visit 6 and visit 4 (median of 19 years earlier). The mean age of participants at V6 was 79 ± 5 years, 41% were men, and 22% were black. Adjusting for demographics, body mass index, smoking, diabetes, hypertension, stroke, left ventricular mass, cardiac medications, patch wear time, visit 4 levels of NT-proBNP and hs-cTnT, and relative change in hs-cTnT, each log-transformed unit relative increase in NT-proBNP was associated with a higher likelihood of nonsustained ventricular tachycardia (odds ratio 1.29, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.12 to 1.48), a higher number of daily atrial tachycardia episodes (geometric mean ratio [GMR] 1.16, 95% CI 1.10 to 1.21), and a higher daily ectopic burden (premature ventricular contractions -GMR 1.42, 95% CI 1.25 to 1.62; premature atrial contractions -GMR 1.40, 95% CI 1.25 to 1.57). In fully adjusted analyses, each log-transformed unit relative increase in hs-cTnT was only found to be weakly associated with a higher daily premature ventricular contraction burden (GMR 1.31, 95% CI 1.01 to 1.70). In conclusion, longitudinal change in NT-proBNP was associated with an increased atrial and ventricular arrhythmia burden.


Assuntos
Arritmias Cardíacas/sangue , Arritmias Cardíacas/epidemiologia , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/sangue , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/sangue , Troponina T/sangue , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Arritmias Cardíacas/diagnóstico , Biomarcadores/sangue , Eletrocardiografia Ambulatorial , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo
10.
J Card Surg ; 36(11): 4226-4234, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34478205

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We examined cardiac surgery patients who underwent monitoring of postoperative vital parameters using medical monitoring devices which transferred data to a mobile application and a web-based software. METHODS: From November 2017 to November 2020, a total of 2340 patients were enrolled in the remote patient monitoring system after undergoing cardiac surgery. The medical devices recorded vital parameters, such as blood pressure, pulse rate, saturation, body temperature, blood glucose, and electrocardiography were measured via the Health Monitor DakikApp and Holter ECG DakikApp devices which reported data to web-based software and a mobile application (DakikApp Mobile Systems, Remscheid, Germany). During the follow-up period, patients were contacted daily through text and voice messages, and video conferences. Remote Medical Evaluations (RMEs) concerning patients' medical states were performed. Medication reminders, daily treatment were communicated to the patients with the DakikApp Mobile Systems Software. RESULTS: During a mean follow-up period of 78.9 ± 107.1 (10-395) days, a total of 135,786 patient contacts were recorded (782 video conferences, 2805 voice messaging, and 132,199 text correspondence). The number of RMEs handled by the Telemedicine Team was 79,560. A total of 105,335 vital parameter measurements were performed and 5024 hospital application requests (6.3% per RME) were addressed successfully and hospitalization was avoided. A total of 144 (6.1%) potentially life-threatening complications were found to have been diagnosed early using the Telemedicine System. CONCLUSION: Remote Patient Monitoring Systems combined with professional medical devices are feasible, effective, and safe for the purpose of improving postoperative outcomes.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Telemedicina , Eletrocardiografia , Eletrocardiografia Ambulatorial , Humanos , Software
11.
Am J Cardiol ; 158: 53-58, 2021 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34503824

RESUMO

Rhythm-symptom correlation in pediatric patients with syncope/palpitations or at risk cohorts can be difficult, but important given potential associations with treatable or malignant arrhythmia. We sought to evaluate the use, efficacy and outcomes of implantable loop recorders (ILR) in pediatrics. We conducted a retrospective study of pediatric patients (<21 years) with implanted ILR. Patient/historical characteristics and ILR indication were obtained. Outcomes including symptom documentation, arrhythmia detection and ILR based changes in medical care were identified. Comparison of outcomes were performed based on implant indication. Additional sub-analyses were performed in syncope-indication patients comparing those with and without changes in clinical management. A total of 116 patients with ILR implant were identified (79 syncope/37 other). Symptoms were documented 58% of patients (syncope 68% vs nonsyncope 35%; p = 0.002). A total of 37% of patients had a documented clinically significant arrhythmia and 25% of patients had a resultant change in clinical management independent of implant indication. Arrhythmia type was dependent on implant indication with nonsyncope patients having more ventricular arrhythmias. Pacemaker/defibrillator implantation and mediation management were the majority of the clinical changes. In conclusion, IRL utilization in selected pediatric populations is associated with high efficacy and supports clinical management. ILR efficacy is similar regardless of indication although patients with nonsyncope indications had a higher frequency of ventricular arrhythmias as opposed to asystole and heart block in syncope indications. The majority of arrhythmic findings occurred in the first 12 months, and new technology that would allow for less invasive monitoring for 6 to 12 months may be of value.


Assuntos
Arritmias Cardíacas/complicações , Arritmias Cardíacas/diagnóstico , Eletrocardiografia Ambulatorial/instrumentação , Eletrodos Implantados , Síncope/etiologia , Adolescente , Fatores Etários , Arritmias Cardíacas/terapia , Criança , Humanos , Seleção de Pacientes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Síncope/diagnóstico , Síncope/prevenção & controle , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
13.
J Electrocardiol ; 68: 101-108, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34416666

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: We evaluated the performance of implantable loop recorders (ILRs) with different detection algorithms and looked for artifacts and therapeutic consequences and their dependence on patient factors. METHODS AND RESULTS: 586 RevealLinq™ ILRs (first generation (NT): n = 335; second generation with TruRhythm™ (TR): n = 251) were implanted during 2014-2021 (syncope n = 206; embolic stroke of unknown source (ESUS) n = 380). Automatically detected EGM episodes (n = 18,650) were classified as correct or incorrect for asystole (AS), atrial fibrillation (AF) or tachycardia (TA). Incorrect episodes were caused by loss of signal (LO), noise (NO), extrasystole (ES) and T-wave oversensing (TWO). Left directed R axes, lower R-amplitudes and older age were related to artifacts. Results were separated by indication. In ESUS patients TR reduced total median artifact episodes: 0.6 (0-7) vs 0 (0-5) (p < 0.03) and median artifact examination time: 0.3 (0-3.5) vs 0 (0-2.5) (p = 0.03) per patient-year. This benefit is caused by significant reductions in total AS and ES-AS artifacts. The total positive predictive value (PPV) improved only in syncope patients (45 vs 71%, p = 0.002). Accordingly in syncope patients with TR more therapeutic consequences could be established (log rank 0.003). DISCUSSION: Patients R-axis and measured R-amplitudes during implantation predicted artifacts. This should be taken into account during ILR implantation. Total artifacts, AS artifacts and time spent for artifact analysis was reduced by the new TR detection algorithm in ESUS patients, whereas total artifacts remained unchanged in syncope patients despite reduction of AS artifacts. However TR had no effect on AF and TA episode detection and therefore has to be improved.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Eletrocardiografia Ambulatorial , Idoso , Algoritmos , Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico , Eletrocardiografia , Humanos , Síncope
16.
Heart Lung ; 50(6): 914-918, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34428736

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is considered the main cause of COVID-19 associated morbidity and mortality. Early and reliable risk stratification is of crucial clinical importance in order to identify persons at risk for developing a severe course of disease. Deceleration capacity (DC) of heart rate as a marker of cardiac autonomic function predicts outcome in persons with myocardial infarction and heart failure. We hypothesized that reduced modulation of heart rate may be helpful in identifying persons with COVID-19 at risk for developing ARDS. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled 60 consecutive COVID-19 positive persons presenting at the University Hospital of Tuebingen. Arterial blood gas analysis and 24 h-Holter ECG recordings were performed and analyzed at admission. The primary end point was defined as development of ARDS with regards to the Berlin classification. RESULTS: 61.7% (37 of 60 persons) developed an ARDS. In persons with ARDS DC was significantly reduced when compared to persons with milder course of infection (3.2 ms vs. 6.6 ms, p < 0.001). DC achieved a good discrimination performance (AUC = 0.76) for ARDS in COVID-19 persons. In a multivariate analysis, decreased DC was associated with the development of ARDS. CONCLUSION: Our data suggest a promising role of DC to risk stratification in COVID-19.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório , Desaceleração , Eletrocardiografia Ambulatorial , Humanos , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório/diagnóstico , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório/epidemiologia , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório/etiologia , SARS-CoV-2
18.
JAMA Netw Open ; 4(8): e2121867, 2021 08 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34448866

RESUMO

Importance: Postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) occurring after cardiac surgery is associated with adverse outcomes. Whether POAF persists beyond discharge is not well defined. Objective: To determine whether continuous cardiac rhythm monitoring enhances detection of POAF among cardiac surgical patients during the first 30 days after hospital discharge compared with usual care. Design, Setting, and Participants: This study is an investigator-initiated, open-label, multicenter, randomized clinical trial conducted at 10 Canadian centers. Enrollment spanned from March 2017 to March 2020, with follow-up through September 11, 2020. As a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, enrollment stopped on July 17, 2020, at which point 85% of the proposed sample size was enrolled. Cardiac surgical patients with CHA2DS2-VASc (congestive heart failure, hypertension, age ≥75 years, diabetes, prior stroke or transient ischemic attack, vascular disease, age 65-74 years, female sex) score greater than or equal to 4 or greater than or equal to 2 with risk factors for POAF, no history of preoperative AF, and POAF lasting less than 24 hours during hospitalization were enrolled. Interventions: The intervention group underwent continuous cardiac rhythm monitoring with wearable, patch-based monitors for 30 days after randomization. Monitoring was not mandated in the usual care group within 30 days after randomization. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary outcome was cumulative AF and/or atrial flutter lasting 6 minutes or longer detected by continuous cardiac rhythm monitoring or by a 12-lead electrocardiogram within 30 days of randomization. Prespecified secondary outcomes included cumulative AF lasting 6 hours or longer and 24 hours or longer within 30 days of randomization, death, myocardial infarction, ischemic stroke, non-central nervous system thromboembolism, major bleeding, and oral anticoagulation prescription. Results: Of the 336 patients randomized (163 patients in the intervention group and 173 patients in the usual care group; mean [SD] age, 67.4 [8.1] years; 73 women [21.7%]; median [interquartile range] CHA2DS2-VASc score, 4.0 [3.0-4.0] points), 307 (91.4%) completed the trial. In the intent-to-treat analysis, the primary end point occurred in 32 patients (19.6%) in the intervention group vs 3 patients (1.7%) in the usual care group (absolute difference, 17.9%; 95% CI, 11.5%-24.3%; P < .001). AF lasting 6 hours or longer was detected in 14 patients (8.6%) in the intervention group vs 0 patients in the usual care group (absolute difference, 8.6%; 95% CI, 4.3%-12.9%; P < .001). Conclusions and Relevance: In post-cardiac surgical patients at high risk of stroke, no preoperative AF history, and AF lasting less than 24 hours during hospitalization, continuous monitoring revealed a significant increase in the rate of POAF after discharge that would otherwise not be detected by usual care. Studies are needed to examine whether these patients will benefit from oral anticoagulation therapy. Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02793895.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico , Flutter Atrial/diagnóstico , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/efeitos adversos , Eletrocardiografia Ambulatorial/métodos , Programas de Rastreamento/métodos , Alta do Paciente , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Idoso , Fibrilação Atrial/etiologia , Flutter Atrial/etiologia , COVID-19 , Canadá , Doenças Cardiovasculares/complicações , Doenças Cardiovasculares/cirurgia , Eletrocardiografia , Feminino , Hemorragia , Hospitalização , Humanos , Análise de Intenção de Tratamento , Ataque Isquêmico Transitório , Masculino , Pandemias , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Tromboembolia
19.
Nutrients ; 13(7)2021 Jul 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34371977

RESUMO

The effectiveness of weight loss treatment displays dramatic inter-individual variabilities, even with well-controlled energy intake/expenditure. This study aimed to determine the association between daily rhythms of cardiac autonomic control and weight loss efficiency and to explore the potential relevance to weight loss resistance in humans carrying the genetic variant C at CLOCK 3111T/C. A total of 39 overweight/obese Caucasian women (20 CLOCK 3111C carriers and 19 non-carriers) completed a behaviour-dietary obesity treatment of ~20 weeks, during which body weight was assessed weekly. Ambulatory electrocardiographic data were continuously collected for up to 3.5 days and used to quantify the daily rhythm of fractal cardiac dynamics (FCD), a non-linear measure of autonomic function. FCD showed a 24 h rhythm (p < 0.001). Independent of energy intake and physical activity level, faster weight loss was observed in individuals with the phase (peak) of the rhythm between ~2-8 p.m. and with a larger amplitude. Interestingly, the phase effect was significant only in C carriers (p = 0.008), while the amplitude effect was only significant in TT carriers (p < 0.0001). The daily rhythm of FCD and CLOCK 3111T/C genotype is linked to weight loss response interactively, suggesting complex interactions between the genetics of the circadian clock, the daily rhythm of autonomic control, and energy balance control.


Assuntos
Sistema Nervoso Autônomo/fisiopatologia , Proteínas CLOCK/genética , Ritmo Circadiano/genética , Coração/inervação , Sobrepeso/terapia , Perda de Peso/genética , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Ritmo Circadiano/fisiologia , Eletrocardiografia Ambulatorial , Ingestão de Energia , Exercício Físico , Feminino , Fractais , Genótipo , Coração/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/genética , Obesidade/fisiopatologia , Obesidade/terapia , Sobrepeso/genética , Sobrepeso/fisiopatologia , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética
20.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(16)2021 Aug 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34450984

RESUMO

One of the most powerful techniques to diagnose cardiovascular diseases is to analyze the electrocardiogram (ECG). To increase diagnostic sensitivity, the ECG might need to be acquired using an ambulatory system, as symptoms may occur during a patient's daily life. In this paper, we propose using an ambulatory ECG (aECG) recording device with a low number of leads and then estimating the views that would have been obtained with a standard ECG location, reconstructing the complete Standard 12-Lead System, the most widely used system for diagnosis by cardiologists. Four approaches have been explored, including Linear Regression with ECG segmentation and Artificial Neural Networks (ANN). The best reconstruction algorithm is based on ANN, which reconstructs the actual ECG signal with high precision, as the results bring a high accuracy (RMS Error < 13 µV and CC > 99.7%) for the set of patients analyzed in this paper. This study supports the hypothesis that it is possible to reconstruct the Standard 12-Lead System using an aECG recording device with less leads.


Assuntos
Redes Neurais de Computação , Processamento de Sinais Assistido por Computador , Algoritmos , Eletrocardiografia , Eletrocardiografia Ambulatorial , Humanos
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