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1.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1232: 315-322, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31893426

RESUMO

We present an unobtrusive cuff-less sphygmomanometer based on contact-type and optical pulse sensors for continuous and minimally invasive monitoring of blood pressure (BP). We developed a cuff-less sphygmomanometer that utilizes the pulse arrival time (PAT) to estimate continuous BP. To assess its accuracy, we recruited 10 healthy subjects in whom we carried out BP studies using the cuff-less sphygmomanometer compared with a standard cuff-type device in a stationary sitting patient. Preliminary results showed that the mean difference (MD) of estimated systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure were 0.96 ± 9.6 (mean ± SD) mmHg and 1.14 ± 7.5 mmHg, respectively, compared to the control. The corresponding correlation between the estimated BP values and controls were 0.78 for systolic blood pressure (p < 0.01) and 0.69 for diastolic blood pressure (p < 0.01); thus, there were significant correlations. These results suggest that the developed cuff-less sphygmomanometer has the potential for continuous BP monitoring. Finally, we conducted a preliminary study of simultaneous monitoring of cuff-less BP and near-infrared spectroscopy to evaluate the potential for assessment of autonomic nervous system functions during mental stress tasks.


Assuntos
Determinação da Pressão Arterial , Esfigmomanômetros , Adulto , Sistema Nervoso Autônomo/fisiologia , Pressão Sanguínea , Determinação da Pressão Arterial/instrumentação , Eletrocardiografia , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Masculino , Monitorização Fisiológica/instrumentação , Monitorização Fisiológica/normas , Esfigmomanômetros/normas , Adulto Jovem
2.
Angiology ; 71(1): 70-76, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31446774

RESUMO

Both elevated resting heart rate (HR) and electrocardiographic left ventricular hypertrophy (ECG-LVH) are signs of a poor prognosis. Although elevated resting HR is a known risk factor for cardiovascular disease and target organ damage, the association between resting HR and the development of ECG-LVH is unclear. In the present study, 6860 subjects (4203 men, 2657 women, 19-89 years of age) without ECG-LVH at baseline were evaluated and followed for a mean duration of 3.7±1.4 years. During the follow-up period, 484 (7.1%) subjects developed ECG-LVH. Cox regression analysis revealed that each 10 beats/min increase in resting HR was associated with a 22% reduction in the development of ECG-LVH (95% confidence interval: 12%-30%, P < .0001) in men. While an increase in HR tended to be associated with the development of ECG-LVH in women, the relationship was not significant. In contrast to the concept that an elevated resting HR is a cardiovascular risk factor, these findings revealed that resting HR was negatively associated with the development of ECG-LVH in men.


Assuntos
Frequência Cardíaca , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Remodelação Ventricular , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Progressão da Doença , Eletrocardiografia , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda/etiologia , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(51): e18375, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31860998

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A growing number of studies suggest that Gualou Xiebai Banxia (GLXBBX) decoction, a well-known Chinese herbal formula, has beneficial effects on eliminating angina pectoris symptoms and improving condition of stable angina pectoris (SAP) patients. However, whether this treatment is effective and safe for SAP or not, evidence supporting the effectiveness and safety of this treatment is still incomplete. Besides, there is lack of systematic review to assess the detailed situation (including risk of bias and methodology) of current related clinical studies. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of GLXBBX in treating SAP. METHODS: The major databases (MEDLINE, Embase, the Cochrane Library, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Chinese Scientific Journals Database (VIP) Database, Chinese Biomedical Database (CBM), Chinese Biomedical Literature Service System (SinoMed), and Wanfang Database) were searched from inception to March 2019. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of GLXBBX alone or combined with conventional drugs against conventional drugs for SAP were identified. Two assessors reviewed each trial independently. The methodological quality of the eligible studies was evaluated according to the Cochrane Collaboration's tool for assessing risk of bias. Both the data extraction and the literature quality screening evaluation were conducted independently by 2 researchers. RESULT: Totally 17 clinical RCTs were included in this study, involving 1676 patients. Due to the high probability of bias of the included studies, it was inappropriate to undertake a meta-analysis. Thus, we only conducted a systematic review and mainly discussed the methodology and limitation of the included studies. CONCLUSION: Although the current evidence prompted that GLXBBX might benefit SAP patients in improvement of angina pectoris, ECG, and blood lipid on a certain extent, this systematic review revealed no definite conclusion about the application of GLXBBX for SAP due to the poor methodological quality, high risk of bias, and inadequate reporting on clinical data. More rigorous, multicenter, sufficient-sample, and double-blind randomized clinical trials are warranted.


Assuntos
Angina Estável/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Eletrocardiografia , Humanos , Lipídeos/sangue , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
5.
Braz J Cardiovasc Surg ; 34(5): 525-534, 2019 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31719006

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the factors impacting on the conversion to sinus rhythm and on the postoperative rhythm findings in the six-month follow-up period of a mitral valve surgery combined with cryoablation Cox-Maze III procedure, in patients with atrial fibrillation. METHODS: In this study, we evaluated 80 patients who underwent structural valve disease surgery in combination with cryoablation. Indications for the surgical procedures were determined in the patients according to the presence of rheumatic or non-rheumatic structural disorders in the mitral valve as evaluated by echocardiography. Cox-Maze III procedure and left atrial appendix closure were applied. RESULTS: The results of receiver operating characteristics analysis indicated that the rate of conversion to the sinus rhythm was significantly higher in patients with left atrial diameters ≥ 45.5 mm and with ejection fraction (EF) ≥ 48.5%. However, the statistical differences disappeared in the sixth month. Thromboembolic (TE) events were seen only in three patients in the early period and no more TE events occurred in the six-month follow-up period. CONCLUSION: The EF and the preoperative left atrial diameter were determined to be the factors impacting on the conversion to sinus rhythm in patients who underwent mitral valve surgery in combination with cryoablation. Mitral valve surgery in combination with ablation for atrial fibrillation does not affect mortality and morbidity in the experienced health centers; however, it remains controversial whether it will provide additional health benefits to the patients compared to those who underwent only mitral valve surgery.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/fisiopatologia , Fibrilação Atrial/cirurgia , Criocirurgia/métodos , Frequência Cardíaca/fisiologia , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/métodos , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Adulto , Fibrilação Atrial/prevenção & controle , Eletrocardiografia , Feminino , Átrios do Coração/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Período Pós-Operatório , Período Pré-Operatório , Valores de Referência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 99(41): 3237-3242, 2019 Nov 05.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31694119

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the clinical classification and characteristics of patients with alcoholic myocardial injury in the early and late stages, and to improve the understanding of early diagnosis of alcoholic myocardial injury. Methods: From December 2016 to December 2018, a total of 102 patients with long-term history of excessive alcohol consumption, cardiovascular symptoms and evidence of myocardial injury who were admitted to the cardiology outpatient clinic of Hangzhou First People's Hospital, the Third People's Hospital of Yuhang, Dajiangdong Hospital, the Second People's Hospital of Fuyang, and the People's Hospital of Linan were enrolled. According to diagnostic criteria of alcoholic cardiomyopathy (ACM), the patients were divided into ACM group (36 cases) and non-ACM group (66 cases). The baseline data, electrocardiogram and echocardiography characteristics of the two groups were recorded and analyzed. Results: There was no significant difference in the baseline between the two groups (P>0.05), including consumption and duration of alcohol. The left ventricular end-diastolic and right ventricular diameters in ACM group were (59±5) mm and (24±4) mm, respectively, which were significantly higher than those in non-ACM group ((51±4)mm, (22±4) mm, P<0.001 and P=0.044) . The left ventricular ejection fraction in ACM group was 41%±4%, which was significantly lower than that of non-ACM group (63%±8%, P<0.001). The incidence of biatrial enlargement in non-ACM group was 57.58%, which was significantly higher than that of ACM group (36.11%, P=0.038). The incidence of atrial fibrillation in non-ACM group was 54.55%, which was significantly higher than that of ACM group (27.78%, P=0.009). The incidence of diastolic heart failure in non-ACM group was significantly higher than that of ACM group (P=0.005). Conclusions: ACM is characterized by ventricular enlargement, decreased ejection fraction and heart failure, while non-ACM may belong to the early stage of alcoholic myocardial injury, characterized by biatrial expansion, atrial fibrillation and diastolic insufficiency. Due to the lack of understanding and no clinical diagnostic criteria, non-ACM is prone to be missed diagnosed and misdiagnosed.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatia Alcoólica , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Ecocardiografia , Eletrocardiografia , Humanos , Função Ventricular Esquerda
7.
N Engl J Med ; 381(20): 1909-1917, 2019 11 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31722151

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Optical sensors on wearable devices can detect irregular pulses. The ability of a smartwatch application (app) to identify atrial fibrillation during typical use is unknown. METHODS: Participants without atrial fibrillation (as reported by the participants themselves) used a smartphone (Apple iPhone) app to consent to monitoring. If a smartwatch-based irregular pulse notification algorithm identified possible atrial fibrillation, a telemedicine visit was initiated and an electrocardiography (ECG) patch was mailed to the participant, to be worn for up to 7 days. Surveys were administered 90 days after notification of the irregular pulse and at the end of the study. The main objectives were to estimate the proportion of notified participants with atrial fibrillation shown on an ECG patch and the positive predictive value of irregular pulse intervals with a targeted confidence interval width of 0.10. RESULTS: We recruited 419,297 participants over 8 months. Over a median of 117 days of monitoring, 2161 participants (0.52%) received notifications of irregular pulse. Among the 450 participants who returned ECG patches containing data that could be analyzed - which had been applied, on average, 13 days after notification - atrial fibrillation was present in 34% (97.5% confidence interval [CI], 29 to 39) overall and in 35% (97.5% CI, 27 to 43) of participants 65 years of age or older. Among participants who were notified of an irregular pulse, the positive predictive value was 0.84 (95% CI, 0.76 to 0.92) for observing atrial fibrillation on the ECG simultaneously with a subsequent irregular pulse notification and 0.71 (97.5% CI, 0.69 to 0.74) for observing atrial fibrillation on the ECG simultaneously with a subsequent irregular tachogram. Of 1376 notified participants who returned a 90-day survey, 57% contacted health care providers outside the study. There were no reports of serious app-related adverse events. CONCLUSIONS: The probability of receiving an irregular pulse notification was low. Among participants who received notification of an irregular pulse, 34% had atrial fibrillation on subsequent ECG patch readings and 84% of notifications were concordant with atrial fibrillation. This siteless (no on-site visits were required for the participants), pragmatic study design provides a foundation for large-scale pragmatic studies in which outcomes or adherence can be reliably assessed with user-owned devices. (Funded by Apple; Apple Heart Study ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT03335800.).


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico , Eletrocardiografia/instrumentação , Aplicativos Móveis , Telemedicina/instrumentação , Dispositivos Eletrônicos Vestíveis , Adulto , Idoso , Algoritmos , Confidencialidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos
8.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 21(11): 1084-1088, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31753089

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the change in P wave on electrocardiogram and its diagnostic value in children and adolescents with cardioinhibitory vasovagal syncope (VVS-CI). METHODS: A total of 43 children and adolescents who were diagnosed with VVS-CI were enrolled as the VVS-CI group, and 43 healthy children and adolescents were enrolled as the control group. P wave duration and P wave voltage were measured by 12-lead electrocardiography in a basal state, and the changes were analyzed. RESULTS: Compared with the control group, the VVS-CI group had a significantly lower heart rate (P<0.05) and significantly longer P wave duration (Pwd), P wave maximum duration (Pmax), and corrected P wave maximum duration (Pcmax), as well as significantly higher P wave dispersion (Pd) and corrected P wave dispersion (Pcd) (P<0.05). Pwd, Pmax, Pd, Pcmax and Pcd had a certain diagnostic value in children and adolescents with VVS-CI (P<0.05): Pwd had a sensitivity of 69.77% and a specificity of 83.72% at the optimal cut-off value of 78.49 ms; Pmax had a sensitivity of 76.74% and a specificity of 90.70% at the optimal cut-off value of 93.39 ms; Pd had a sensitivity of 95.35% and a specificity of 69.77% at the optimal cut-off value of 27.42 ms; Pcmax had a sensitivity of 46.51% and a specificity of 88.37% at the optimal cut-off value of 120.90 ms; Pcd had a sensitivity of 83.72% and a specificity of 72.09% at the optimal cut-off value of 36.37 ms. CONCLUSIONS: Children and adolescents with VVS-CI have significantly increased Pwd, Pmax, Pd, Pcmax, and Pcd, which may indicate abnormal atrial electrical activity. The cut-off value of P wave has a certain diagnostic value in VVS-CI.


Assuntos
Síncope Vasovagal , Adolescente , Criança , Eletrocardiografia , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos
9.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 47(11): 901-906, 2019 Nov 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31744280

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinical characteristics and prognostic factors after catheter ablation of accessory pathway (AP)-induced dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) in children. Methods: Data were collected and analyzed on 147 consecutive pediatric patients (81males and 66 females), who hospitalized in our pediatric heart center between January 2009 and August 2018 and received catheter ablation for ventricular pre-excitation (right AP). Thirty-one children were diagnosed as AP-induced DCM and 116 children with normal cardiac function served as control. Data including clinical characteristics, electrocardiogram (ECG), echocardiography, electrophysiological examination (EPS), successful ablation and follow up were analyzed. Results: The median age at first examination was 3.07 (0.09, 5.83) years. The pre-hospital misdiagnosis rate was 87.1% (27/31). The incidence of the AP-induced DCM was 21.1% (31/147) and the rate of right anterior free wall accessory pathway (AP) was the highest (50.0%, 10/20). AP-induced DCM was more common in right free wall Aps (41.9%, 13/31) and right anterior free wall (32.3%, 10/31). 48.4% (15/31) cases had no supraventricular tachycardia (SVT). EPS showed that 29% (9/31) of the AP did not have retrograde conduction. The median follow-up time after successful catheter ablation was 8 (2, 36) months of AP-induced DCM group, LVDd was significantly decreased ((41.6±12.8)mm vs. (45.6±13.9)mm, P<0.01) and LVEF ((56.2±11.8)% vs. (40.8±12.5)%, P<0.01) was significantly increased after ablation. Cox regression analysis showed that LVEF was the predictor of the duration of cardiac function recovery (HR=1.08, 95%CI 1.01-1.15, P=0.03). Conclusions: Misdiagnosis rate is high for children with AP-induced DCM, leading to the delayed treatment. All of the AP-induced DCM occurred in right APs and right anterior free wall APs is the highest. Right free wall APs and right anterior free wall are most common in AP-induced DCM. Catheter ablation is a safe and effective treatment option for these patients. The lower the LVEF, the longer the cardiac function recovery.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatia Dilatada , Ablação por Cateter , Fascículo Atrioventricular , Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/diagnóstico , Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/terapia , Pré-Escolar , Eletrocardiografia , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Prognóstico
10.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(17): 3816-3824, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602958

RESUMO

To systemically evaluate the benefits and side effects of Shensong Yangxin Capsules( SYC) in the adjuvant treatment of stable angina pectoris( SAP). Chinese and English databases( PubMed,EMbase,the Cochrane Library,CBM,CNKI,VIP,Wan Fang database) were retrieved to collect the randomized controlled trials( RCTs) about therapeutic efficacy of SYC combined with routine drug( trial group) vs routine drug( control group) in the treatment of SAP. The methodological quality of the RCTs was evaluated based on the cochrane risk of bias assessment tool. The data were extracted and Meta-analyzed by Reviewer Manager 5. 3. TSA 0. 9 software was used for trial sequential analysis( TSA) of the total effective rate of symptoms improvement. A total of 15 RCTs with 1 316 participants were included. RESULTS:: of Meta-analysis showed that the total effective rate of angina symptoms improvement( RR = 1. 15,95% CI[1. 09,1. 21],P<0. 001) of trial group were significantly higher than those of control group,with statistical significance,the total effective rate of electrocardiograms( ECG) improvement( RR = 1. 10,95% CI[0. 94,1. 29],P = 0. 25) of trial group were significantly higher than those of control group,but the difference was not statistically significant. After treatment,the improvement of the total time of 24 h general ischemia( SMD =-1. 21,95%CI[-1. 97,-0. 45],P = 0. 002),the ST-segment depression amplitude( SMD =-1. 30,95%CI [-1. 52,-1. 09],P<0. 001),the duration of angina pectoris attack( SMD =-1. 16,95% CI[-1. 36,-0. 95],P< 0. 001),the angina pectoris attack every week( SMD =-0. 80,95%CI[-1. 10,-0. 50],P<0. 001),the onsumption of nitroglycerin every week( SMD=-0. 72,95%CI[-1. 05,-0. 39],P<0. 001) in the trial group were better than that of the control group,and the difference was statistically significant. Besides,the improvement of the blood lipid and high sensitivity C reactive protein( hs-CRP) in the trial group were better than those of the control group after treatment,and the difference was statistically significant( P< 0. 001). Funnel plots and Egger's linear regression showed that there was no publication bias. By sensitivity analysis,it showed that the results of this study were stable and reliable. No obvious adverse drug reactions were observed in all studies. TSA analysis showed that the evidence of Meta-analysis was reliable. SYC combined with routine Western medicine treatment for SAP can improve the total effective rate of angina pectoris,reduce 24 h total ischemia time,ST segment depression amplitude,duration of angina pectoris attack,frequency of angina pectoris attack and nitroglycerin dosage,and also can improve blood lipid and hs-CRP levels.


Assuntos
Angina Estável/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Adjuvantes Farmacêuticos , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Cápsulas , Eletrocardiografia , Humanos , Lipídeos/sangue , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
11.
Zhongguo Yi Liao Qi Xie Za Zhi ; 43(5): 341-344, 2019 Sep 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31625331

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: A method for dynamically collecting and processing ECG signals was designed to obtain classification information of abnormal ECG signals. METHODS: Firstly, the ECG eigenvectors were acquired by real-time acquisition of ECG signals combined with discrete wavelet transform, and then the ECG fuzzy information entropy was calculated. Finally, the Euclidean distance was used to obtain the semantic distance of ECG signals, and the classification information of abnormal signals was obtained. RESULTS: The device could effectively identify abnormal ECG signals on an embedded platform based on the Internet of Things, and improved the diagnosis accuracy of heart diseases. CONCLUSIONS: The fuzzy diagnosis device of ECG signal could accurately classify the abnormal signal and output an online signal classification matrix with a high confidence interval.


Assuntos
Eletrocardiografia , Cardiopatias , Algoritmos , Arritmias Cardíacas , Lógica Fuzzy , Cardiopatias/diagnóstico , Humanos , Internet , Processamento de Sinais Assistido por Computador , Análise de Ondaletas
12.
Orv Hetil ; 160(43): 1711-1713, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31630552

RESUMO

A 42-year-old man is presented with acute coronary syndrome and De Winter ECG sign. The De Winter sign is a rare ECG manifestation of proximal LAD occlusion. The ECG sign was misinterpreted and the patient was transmitted to our percutan coronaria intervention centrum with 3 hours delay. The hyperacute T-waves and the precordial ST-depressions disappeared, but the biomarkers showed a marked elevation. Coronary angiography revealed LAD proximal thrombotic dissection treated with a drug-eluting stent. The authors suggest that in patients with this ECG pattern the immediate coronary intervention is the best treatment. Orv Hetil. 2019; 160(43): 1711-1713.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico por imagem , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Stents Farmacológicos/efeitos adversos , Eletrocardiografia/métodos , Adulto , Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Masculino
15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(39): e17195, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31574826

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate comparative clinical outcomes of discordant electrocardiographic (ECG) and echocardiographic (Echo) findings compared with concordant findings during treadmill exercise echocardiography in patients with chest pain and no history of coronary artery disease (CAD).A total of 1725 consecutive patients who underwent treadmill echocardiography with chest pain and no history of CAD were screened. The patients were classified into 4 groups: ECG-/Echo- (negative ECG and Echo), ECG+/Echo- (positive ECG and negative Echo), ECG-/Echo+, and ECG+/Echo+. Concomitant CAD was determined using coronary angiography or coronary computed tomography. Major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) were defined as a composite of coronary revascularization, acute myocardial infarction, and death.MACEs were similar between ECG-/Echo- and ECG+/Echo- groups. Compared with ECG+/Echo- group, ECG-/Echo+ group had more MACEs (adjusted hazard ratio [HR] adjusted by clinical risk factors [95% confidence interval {CI}], 3.57 [1.75-7.29], P < .001). Compared with ECG+/Echo+ group, ECG-/Echo+ group had lower prevalence of concomitant CAD and fewer MACEs (HR, 0.49 [0.29-0.81], P = .006).Positive exercise Echo alone during treadmill exercise echocardiography had worse clinical outcomes than positive ECG alone, and the latter had similar outcomes to both negative ECG and Echo. Positive exercise Echo alone also had better clinical outcomes than both positive ECG and Echo. Therefore, exercise Echo findings might be superior for predicting clinical outcomes compared with exercise ECG findings. Additional consideration of ECG findings on positive exercise Echo will also facilitate better prediction of clinical outcomes.


Assuntos
Dor no Peito/fisiopatologia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/fisiopatologia , Ecocardiografia/estatística & dados numéricos , Eletrocardiografia/estatística & dados numéricos , Infarto do Miocárdio/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Idoso , Dor no Peito/complicações , Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/etiologia , Exercício/fisiologia , Teste de Esforço , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/etiologia , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Fatores de Risco , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
16.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 39(9): 1071-1077, 2019 Sep 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31640959

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We propose a heartbeat-based end-to-end classification of arrhythmias to improve the classification performance for supraventricular ectopic beat (SVEB) and ventricular ectopic beat (VEB). METHODS: The ECG signals were preprocessed by heartbeat segmentation and heartbeat alignment. An arrhythmia classifier was constructed based on convolutional neural network, and the proposed loss function was used to train the classifier. RESULTS: The proposed algorithm was verified on MIT-BIH arrhythmia database. The AUC of the proposed loss function for SVEB and VEB reached 0.77 and 0.98, respectively. With the first 5 min segment as the local data, the diagnostic sensitivities for SVEB and VEB were 78.28% and 98.88%, respectively; when 0, 50, 100, and 150 samples were used as the local data, the diagnostic sensitivities for SVEB and VEB reached 82.25% and 93.23%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The proposed method effectively reduces the negative impact of class-imbalance and improves the diagnostic sensitivities for SVEB and VEB, and thus provides a new solution for automatic arrhythmia classification.


Assuntos
Arritmias Cardíacas/diagnóstico , Eletrocardiografia , Algoritmos , Arritmias Cardíacas/classificação , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Complexos Ventriculares Prematuros/classificação , Complexos Ventriculares Prematuros/diagnóstico
19.
Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 44(9): 1041-1047, 2019 Sep 28.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31645495

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the value of ventricular tachycardia (VT) score in diagnosing pre-excited tachycardia.
 Methods: Twelve-lead electrocardiograph results were obtained from 30 patients at pre-excited tachycardia attacking stage who were diagnosed by electrophysiology. We scored pre-excitation tachycardia based on the VT score. To analyze the electrocardiogram of pre-excited tachycardia using 7 diagnostic indicators of the VT score and calculate the specificity of 7 diagnostic indicators and right superior axis (-90º to ±180º), the differences were compared among VT score of 2 points and brugada, Wellens, and Vereckei algorithms in diagnosing pre-excited tachycardia. According to the specificity of Vereckei, Wellens, and Brugada algorithms, and VT scores from low to high, their prediction value and differences were analyzed.
 Results: Single indicator such as atrioventricular (AV) dissociation or right superior axis (-90º to ±180º) showed the highest specificity (100%) for identifying pre-excited tachycardia. No patient with VT score was ≥3 points, and the specificity was 100%. The specificity of VT score of 2 point was higher than that of Brugada, Wellens, or Vereckei algorithms in the diagnosing pre-excited tachycardia (76.7% vs 50.0%, 23.3% or 20.0%, P<0.05). The specificity of Vereckei, Wellens, and Brugada algorithms and VT score were gradually increased after each of stepwise individually eliminated VT (20.0%, 40.0%, 66.7%, 83.3%, P<0.05). However, there was no significant difference in the specificity in the remaining false positive cases between the 4 methods and VT score.
 Conclusion: VT score ≥3 points can identify pre-excited tachycardia and VT with 100% specificity. VT score of 2 points cannot completely distinguish pre-excited tachycardia from VT, but specificity of VT score with 2 points is obviously higher than that of Brugada, Wellens, and Vereckei algorithms.


Assuntos
Taquicardia Ventricular/diagnóstico , Algoritmos , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Eletrocardiografia , Humanos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
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