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2.
Orv Hetil ; 160(43): 1711-1713, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31630552

RESUMO

A 42-year-old man is presented with acute coronary syndrome and De Winter ECG sign. The De Winter sign is a rare ECG manifestation of proximal LAD occlusion. The ECG sign was misinterpreted and the patient was transmitted to our percutan coronaria intervention centrum with 3 hours delay. The hyperacute T-waves and the precordial ST-depressions disappeared, but the biomarkers showed a marked elevation. Coronary angiography revealed LAD proximal thrombotic dissection treated with a drug-eluting stent. The authors suggest that in patients with this ECG pattern the immediate coronary intervention is the best treatment. Orv Hetil. 2019; 160(43): 1711-1713.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico por imagem , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Stents Farmacológicos/efeitos adversos , Eletrocardiografia/métodos , Adulto , Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Masculino
4.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 32(5): 546-550, Sept-Oct. 2019. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040097

RESUMO

We present a case of a female adolescent with severe acute Chagas myocarditis, acquired by oral transmission in an endemic area in the Brazilian western Amazon, who had electrocardiographic changes normalized after empirical treatment with the antiparasitic drug benznidazole combined with conventional treatment for severe heart failure


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Criança , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica , Doença de Chagas/epidemiologia , Eletrocardiografia/métodos , Volume Sistólico , Trypanosoma cruzi , Ecocardiografia/métodos , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Antiparasitários/uso terapêutico
6.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 32(5): 449-456, Sept-Oct. 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040108

RESUMO

There is limited evidence in the literature regarding the administration of clopidogrel to acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in patients over 75 years of age. Most studies excluded this age group, making the subject controversial due to the increased risk of bleeding in this population. Objective: This is a retrospective, unicentric, and observational study aimed at assessing whether the administration of clopidogrel loading dose increases bleeding rates in patients over 75 years of age. Methods: Patients were divided into two groups: group I: 75 mg of clopidogrel; group II: 300-to 600-mg loading dose of clopidogrel. A total of 174 patients (129 in group I and 45 in group II) were included between May 2010 and May 2015. Statistical analysis: The primary outcome was bleeding (major and/or minor). The secondary outcome was combined events (cardiogenic shock, reinfarction, death, stroke and bleeding). The comparison between groups was performed through Q-square and T-test. The multivariate analysis was performed by logistic regression, being considered significant p < 0.05. Results: Comparisons between groups I and II showed differences in the prevalence of diabetes (46.5% vs. 24.4%, p = 0.01), arterial hypertension (90.7% vs. 75, p = 0.01), dyslipidemia (62% vs. 42.2%, p = 0.021), ST segment elevation (11.6% vs. 26.6%, p = 0.016) and coronary intervention percutaneous (16.5% vs. 62.2%, p < 0.0001), respectively. In the multivariate analysis, significant differences were observed between groups I and II in relation to the occurrence of bleeding (8.5% vs. 20%, OR = 0.173, 95% CI: 0.049 - 0.614, p = 0.007). Conclusion: A loading dose of 300 mg or more of clopidogrel


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Idoso , Idoso , Resultado do Tratamento , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/complicações , /uso terapêutico , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/uso terapêutico , Stents , Análise Estatística , Análise Multivariada , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Angiografia Coronária , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Eletrocardiografia/métodos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Hemorragia/complicações
7.
Int Heart J ; 60(5): 1211-1218, 2019 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31484857

RESUMO

Extra- and/or intracorporeal renal replacement therapy can improve the cardiorenal hemodynamics in patients with advanced heart failure (HF) refractory to medical therapy and renal failure. Here, we report the case of a 51-year-old woman with inotrope-dependent end-stage HF and chronic renal failure due to anthracycline-induced cardiomyopathy, in whom the induction of hemodiafiltration and subsequent chronic peritoneal dialysis (PD) provided a dramatic improvement of her cardiac hemodynamics from restrictive to almost normal physiology assessed by echocardiography and cardiac catheterization. The patient returned to office work with New York Heart Association functional class I-II symptoms for at least 3 years with continuous ambulatory PD after hospital discharge.


Assuntos
Síndrome Cardiorrenal/terapia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Falência Renal Crônica/complicações , Falência Renal Crônica/terapia , Diálise Peritoneal/métodos , Antraciclinas/efeitos adversos , Antraciclinas/uso terapêutico , Biópsia por Agulha , Síndrome Cardiorrenal/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Crônica , Progressão da Doença , Ecocardiografia Doppler/métodos , Eletrocardiografia/métodos , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Hemodiafiltração/métodos , Hemodinâmica/fisiologia , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Falência Renal Crônica/diagnóstico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Retorno ao Trabalho , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Int Heart J ; 60(5): 1196-1200, 2019 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31484862

RESUMO

Malignant arrhythmia is a fast cardiac arrhythmia that can lead to a hemodynamic abnormality within a short time, most of which is ventricular tachycardia or ventricular fibrillation (VF), which should be managed in time. Both organic and nonorganic cardiac diseases have the potential to cause malignant arrhythmia. We report a noteworthy case of malignant arrhythmia in a teenager during exercise. Transthoracic echocardiography, cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR), electrophysiological study, magnetic resonance imaging of the brain, electroencephalography, chest X-ray, and blood tests were all normal. Twelve-lead electrocardiography showed incomplete right bundle branch block (IRBBB). Two heterozygous missense variants of the desmocollin-2 gene (DSC2, c.G2446A/p.V816M) and desmoplakin gene (DSP, c.G3620A/p.R1207K) were detected in the peripheral blood of this teenager and his father by genetic testing, which encoded a desmosomal protein that was related to arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC). In these two rare variants, DSC2 V816M has been reported but uncertain significance, whereas DSP R1207K is never reported. Therefore, the two site variants in DSC2 and DSP genes are likely to become a new research focus for diagnosis and treatment of ARVC in the future. Meanwhile, this report emphasizes that, in addition to a standard set of laboratory tests and examinations, genetic testing may be useful for analyzing the causes of malignant arrhythmia.


Assuntos
Arritmias Cardíacas/etiologia , Bloqueio de Ramo/genética , Desmocolinas/genética , Eletrocardiografia/métodos , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Adolescente , Arritmias Cardíacas/diagnóstico , Arritmias Cardíacas/genética , Bloqueio de Ramo/complicações , Bloqueio de Ramo/diagnóstico , Ecocardiografia/métodos , Testes Genéticos/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Linhagem , Prognóstico , Doenças Raras , Medição de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
9.
Int Heart J ; 60(5): 1161-1167, 2019 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31484866

RESUMO

Therapy-resistant ventricular arrhythmias can occur during accidental advanced hypothermic conditions. On the other hand, hypothermic therapy using mild cooling has been successfully accomplished with infrequent ventricular arrhythmia events.To further clarify the therapeutic-resistant arrhythmogenic substrate which develops in hypothermic conditions, an experimental study was performed using a perfusion wedge preparation model of porcine ventricle, and electrophysiological characteristics, inducibility of ventricular arrhythmias, and effects of therapeutic interventions were assessed at 3 target temperatures (37, 32 and 28°C).As the myocardial temperature decreased, myocardial contractions and the number of spontaneous beats deceased. Depolarization (QRS width, stimulus-QRS interval) and repolarization (QT interval, ERP) parameters progressively increased, and dispersion of the ventricular repolarization increased. At 28°C, VF tended to be inducible more frequently (1/11 at 37°C, 1/11 at 32°C, and 5/11 hearts at 28°C), and some VFs at 28°C required greater defibrillation energy to resume basic rhythm.An advanced but not a mild hypothermic condition had an enhanced arrhythmogenic potential in our model. In the advanced hypothermic condition, VF with relatively prolonged F-F intervals and a greater defibrillation energy were occasionally inducible based on the arrhythmogenic substrate characterized as slowed conduction and prolonged repolarization of the ventricle.


Assuntos
Antiarrítmicos/administração & dosagem , Eletrocardiografia/métodos , Hipotermia Induzida/métodos , Fibrilação Ventricular/diagnóstico por imagem , Fibrilação Ventricular/terapia , Análise de Variância , Animais , Arritmias Cardíacas/fisiopatologia , Arritmias Cardíacas/terapia , Eletrofisiologia Cardíaca/métodos , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Resistência a Medicamentos , Distribuição Aleatória , Medição de Risco , Suínos , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Int Heart J ; 60(5): 1201-1205, 2019 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31484869

RESUMO

Right-sided accessary pathways in patients with Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome may cause cardiac dyssynchrony and dilated cardiomyopathy, with a characteristic septal shape, irrespective of any supraventricular tachycardia episodes. We report on two infants (13 and 5 months), whose right-sided accessary pathway-induced dilated cardiomyopathy was successfully treated by flecainide for the first time. After the flecainide administration, an abnormal aneurysmal dilation of the basal interventricular septum was almost restored to normal, and the decreased ejection fraction recovered. Flecainide use may be an important therapeutic option for this entity to avoid catheter ablation during infancy.


Assuntos
Feixe Acessório Atrioventricular/diagnóstico por imagem , Feixe Acessório Atrioventricular/tratamento farmacológico , Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/diagnóstico por imagem , Flecainida/uso terapêutico , Síndrome de Wolff-Parkinson-White/diagnóstico por imagem , Feixe Acessório Atrioventricular/complicações , Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/tratamento farmacológico , Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/etiologia , Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/terapia , Ecocardiografia Doppler/métodos , Eletrocardiografia/métodos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Lactente , Injeções Intravenosas , Masculino , Medição de Risco , Amostragem , Resultado do Tratamento , Síndrome de Wolff-Parkinson-White/complicações , Síndrome de Wolff-Parkinson-White/fisiopatologia
11.
Int Heart J ; 60(5): 1106-1112, 2019 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31484874

RESUMO

A useful biomarker for detecting cardiac amyloidosis (CA) has not been fully established. We aimed to investigate the utility of several biomarkers to detect CA in patients with amyloid light-chain (AL) amyloidosis.We examined the plasma levels of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP), N-terminal fragment of the pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT), serum amyloid A, and the difference between kappa and lambda free light chain (dFLC) between CA patients (n = 30, 47.6%) and non-CA patients (n = 33, 52.4%). Levels of BNP were significantly higher in the CA group compared to the non-CA group (1200.0 versus 224.0 pg/mL, P = 0.001). From the ROC analysis, the sensitivity and specificity of BNP for detecting CA (with a cut-off value of 412 pg/mL) were 83% and 70%, respectively, and the area under the receiver operating curve was 0.75 (95% CI 0.61-0.90, P < 0.001) in all AL amyloidosis patients (n = 63). In contrast, other markers such as NT-proBNP, hs-cTnT, serum amyloid A, and dFLC were not useful for detecting CA in AL amyloidosis patients. Additionally, in the Cox proportional hazard analysis, BNP was a predictor of all-cause mortality (hazard ratio 3.266, 95% confidence interval 1.498-7.119, P = 0.003).BNP is a useful biomarker for detecting cardiac involvement and predicting prognosis in AL amyloidosis patients.


Assuntos
Cardiopatias/sangue , Cardiopatias/epidemiologia , Amiloidose de Cadeia Leve de Imunoglobulina/sangue , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/sangue , Troponina T/sangue , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Causas de Morte , Estudos de Coortes , Progressão da Doença , Ecocardiografia Doppler/métodos , Eletrocardiografia/métodos , Feminino , Cardiopatias/diagnóstico por imagem , Hospitais Universitários , Humanos , Amiloidose de Cadeia Leve de Imunoglobulina/fisiopatologia , Japão , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Análise de Sobrevida
12.
Int Heart J ; 60(5): 1206-1210, 2019 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31484877

RESUMO

A 7-year-old female suffering from syncope attacks and deafness was genetically diagnosed with Jervell and Lange-Nielsen syndrome (JLNS). A transvenous-designed shock lead and implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) were atypically implanted subcutaneously, because the patient's body was small. Six years after implantation, we confirmed the patient's eligibility for a subcutaneous ICD (S-ICD) based on electrocardiogram screening. The implanted ICD system was replaced with a new standard S-ICD system. Implantation of the S-ICD may be considered a reliable and safe option in young patients with JLNS, even if their electrocardiograms show remarkable prolongation of the QT interval and T-wave alternans.


Assuntos
Desfibriladores Implantáveis/efeitos adversos , Eletrocardiografia/métodos , Síndrome de Jervell-Lange Nielsen/diagnóstico , Síndrome de Jervell-Lange Nielsen/terapia , Canal de Potássio KCNQ1/genética , Criança , Remoção de Dispositivo/métodos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Síndrome de Jervell-Lange Nielsen/complicações , Linhagem , Retratamento , Síncope/diagnóstico , Síncope/etiologia , Síncope/terapia , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Int Heart J ; 60(5): 1222-1225, 2019 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31484879

RESUMO

Bradycardia is a common complication at the early postoperative period after heart transplantation (HT). The heart rate (HR) usually recovers within a few weeks; however, several patients need a temporary pacemaker or chronotropic agents to stabilize their hemodynamics. Here, we report the first case of transient bradycardia associated with hemodynamic deterioration following HT, which was successfully treated with cilostazol, a phosphodiesterase-3-inhibiting agent. A 59-year-old man received HT for advanced heart failure due to ischemic cardiomyopathy. General fatigue persisted even after the HT. His HR was around 60 beats per minute (bpm) with sinus rhythm. Echocardiography showed no abnormal findings. Right heart catheterization showed that the cardiac index (CI) was 1.9 L/minute/m2. Continuous intravenous infusion of isoproterenol (0.003 µg/kg/minute) increased the HR to 80 bpm and CI to 2.7 L/minute/m2 and improved his symptoms. Isoproterenol was switched to oral administration of cilostazol (100 mg, twice a day), which maintained the HR at around 80 bpm and CI of 2.5 L/minute/m2. The patient's HR gradually recovered and cilostazol could be discontinued three months after the HT. Oral administration of cilostazol can be a therapeutic option for patients with sinus bradycardia following HT, who need positive chronotropic support.


Assuntos
Bradicardia/tratamento farmacológico , Cilostazol/uso terapêutico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/cirurgia , Transplante de Coração/efeitos adversos , Bradicardia/diagnóstico por imagem , Bradicardia/etiologia , Débito Cardíaco/efeitos dos fármacos , Eletrocardiografia/métodos , Seguimentos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Transplante de Coração/métodos , Hemodinâmica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/tratamento farmacológico , Edema Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Edema Pulmonar/etiologia , Edema Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Radiografia Torácica/métodos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Pan Afr Med J ; 33: 114, 2019.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31489092

RESUMO

Introduction: Sudden death that occurs during sporting activity affects patients with ignored heart disease. Black athlete's ECG has been little studied and the features of this ethnic group have been discussed. This study aims to study the epidemiological profile and the peculiarities of repolarization of black athletes. Methods: We conducted a descriptive study of black athletes selected among all the athletes followed in the sectoral Center of Sports Science and Medicine in Sousse over a period of 8 months from March to October 2014. Data were collected using a medical questionnaire. Results: Data on 35 athletes were collected, with a male predominance (94,28%), with an average age of 24,34 years. Four athletes had left ventricular hypertrophy on cardiac ultrasound. There were 8 athletes with atrioventricular block degree I and 8 athletes with electrical type of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). ST segment changes were more marked at the level of precordial leads. Five athletes (14.2%) had inverted T waves in V2 and V3. These were the same athletes who ST-segment depression in these same leads. Early repolarization was found in 3 athletes. All these cases had notch signaling. Conclusion: Black athletes have quite specific electrical modifications which are important to know. However, our sample is not sufficiently large to certify these results. A comparative study of white athletes would be very interesting.


Assuntos
Arritmias Cardíacas/diagnóstico , Atletas , Cardiopatias/diagnóstico , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Adulto , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Africano , Arritmias Cardíacas/epidemiologia , Bloqueio Atrioventricular/diagnóstico , Bloqueio Atrioventricular/epidemiologia , Morte Súbita/prevenção & controle , Ecocardiografia , Eletrocardiografia/métodos , Feminino , Cardiopatias/epidemiologia , Humanos , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda/epidemiologia , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Esportes , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
16.
Hypertension ; 74(5): 1192-1199, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31522619

RESUMO

Black Americans suffer disproportionately from hypertension and hypertensive heart disease. Out-of-office blood pressure (BP) is more predictive for cardiovascular complications than clinic BP; however, the relative abilities of clinic and out-of-office BP to predict left ventricular hypertrophy in black and white adults have not been established. Thus, we aimed to compare associations of out-of-office and clinic BP measurement with left ventricular hypertrophy by cardiac magnetic resonance imaging among non-Hispanic black and white adults. In this cross-sectional study, 1262 black and 927 white participants of the Dallas Heart Study ages 30 to 64 years underwent assessment of standardized clinic and out-of-office (research staff-obtained) BP and left ventricular mass index. In multivariable-adjusted analyses of treated and untreated participants, out-of-office BP was a stronger determinant of left ventricular hypertrophy than clinic BP (odds ratio per 10 mm Hg, 1.48; 95% CI, 1.34-1.64 for out-of-office systolic BP and 1.15 [1.04-1.28] for clinic systolic BP; 1.71 [1.43-2.05] for out-of-office diastolic BP, and 1.03 [0.86-1.24] for clinic diastolic BP). Non-Hispanic black race/ethnicity, treatment status, and lower left ventricular ejection fraction were also independent determinants of hypertrophy. Among treated Blacks, the differential association between out-of-office and clinic BP with hypertrophy was more pronounced than in treated white or untreated participants. In conclusion, protocol-driven supervised out-of-office BP monitoring provides important information that cannot be gleaned from clinic BP assessment alone. Our results underscore the importance of hypertension management programs outside the medical office to prevent hypertensive heart disease, especially in high-risk black adults. Clinical Trial Registration- URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT00344903.


Assuntos
Afro-Americanos/estatística & dados numéricos , Monitorização Ambulatorial da Pressão Arterial/métodos , Hipertensão/complicações , Hipertensão/diagnóstico , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda/etiologia , Imagem Cinética por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Anti-Hipertensivos/uso terapêutico , Teorema de Bayes , Determinação da Pressão Arterial/métodos , Estudos Transversais , Eletrocardiografia/métodos , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico , Hipertensão/etnologia , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico por imagem , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda/etnologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Medição de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores Sexuais , Texas
17.
Med Clin North Am ; 103(5): 785-791, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31378325

RESUMO

Palpitation is common. It is often accompanied by dizziness, lightheadedness, near syncope, and even syncope. It may be difficult to confirm a diagnosis in patients with infrequent symptoms. Several tools are available to document arrhythmias in the workup of a patient with palpitation, including 24-hour Holter monitoring, 30-day external continuous monitoring, and implantable loop recorders. A number of private companies are now able to empower patients to monitor heart rates and even give accurate rhythm strips. This article reviews the current data on how to make the diagnosis and which tools to use in the primary care setting.


Assuntos
Arritmias Cardíacas/diagnóstico , Eletrocardiografia/instrumentação , Eletrocardiografia/métodos , Eletrocardiografia Ambulatorial , Humanos , Avaliação de Sintomas , Fatores de Tempo
18.
Lancet ; 394(10201): 861-867, 2019 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31378392

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation is frequently asymptomatic and thus underdetected but is associated with stroke, heart failure, and death. Existing screening methods require prolonged monitoring and are limited by cost and low yield. We aimed to develop a rapid, inexpensive, point-of-care means of identifying patients with atrial fibrillation using machine learning. METHODS: We developed an artificial intelligence (AI)-enabled electrocardiograph (ECG) using a convolutional neural network to detect the electrocardiographic signature of atrial fibrillation present during normal sinus rhythm using standard 10-second, 12-lead ECGs. We included all patients aged 18 years or older with at least one digital, normal sinus rhythm, standard 10-second, 12-lead ECG acquired in the supine position at the Mayo Clinic ECG laboratory between Dec 31, 1993, and July 21, 2017, with rhythm labels validated by trained personnel under cardiologist supervision. We classified patients with at least one ECG with a rhythm of atrial fibrillation or atrial flutter as positive for atrial fibrillation. We allocated ECGs to the training, internal validation, and testing datasets in a 7:1:2 ratio. We calculated the area under the curve (AUC) of the receiver operatoring characteristic curve for the internal validation dataset to select a probability threshold, which we applied to the testing dataset. We evaluated model performance on the testing dataset by calculating the AUC and the accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, and F1 score with two-sided 95% CIs. FINDINGS: We included 180 922 patients with 649 931 normal sinus rhythm ECGs for analysis: 454 789 ECGs recorded from 126 526 patients in the training dataset, 64 340 ECGs from 18 116 patients in the internal validation dataset, and 130 802 ECGs from 36 280 patients in the testing dataset. 3051 (8·4%) patients in the testing dataset had verified atrial fibrillation before the normal sinus rhythm ECG tested by the model. A single AI-enabled ECG identified atrial fibrillation with an AUC of 0·87 (95% CI 0·86-0·88), sensitivity of 79·0% (77·5-80·4), specificity of 79·5% (79·0-79·9), F1 score of 39·2% (38·1-40·3), and overall accuracy of 79·4% (79·0-79·9). Including all ECGs acquired during the first month of each patient's window of interest (ie, the study start date or 31 days before the first recorded atrial fibrillation ECG) increased the AUC to 0·90 (0·90-0·91), sensitivity to 82·3% (80·9-83·6), specificity to 83·4% (83·0-83·8), F1 score to 45·4% (44·2-46·5), and overall accuracy to 83·3% (83·0-83·7). INTERPRETATION: An AI-enabled ECG acquired during normal sinus rhythm permits identification at point of care of individuals with atrial fibrillation. FUNDING: None.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico , Flutter Atrial/diagnóstico , Eletrocardiografia/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Algoritmos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos
19.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(34): e16636, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31441838

RESUMO

Electrocardiography (ECG) is essential to detect and diagnose life threatening cardiac conditions and to determine further treatment. Correct interpretation of an ECG can be challenging, especially in the out-of-hospital setting and by less experienced emergency team members.The aim of this study was to compare the rate of ECG transmission from an out-of-hospital emergency scene to an in-hospital cardiologist on call in EMS-B and EMS-S providers and its impact on direct transportation to a cardiac catheterization laboratory and hospital admission.The study was designed as an observational study. Data from 3 separate emergency medical service teams were collected. Two teams are staffed by paramedics only (EMT-B), while another specialized team is staffed with an emergency physician (EMT-S). 5864 out-of-hospital emergencies were performed during a 12-month period and were analyzed for this study.In 124 out of 5864 (2.1%) out-of-hospital emergencies, an ECG transmission from the out-of-hospital scene to an in-hospital cardiologist on call was performed. Rate of transmission was similar between both teams (EMT-B n = 70, 2.2% vs EMT-S n = 54, 2.0%, P = .054). After coordinating with the cardiologist on call, 11 patients (15.7%) of the EMT-B (15.7%) and 24 patients (44.4%) of the EMT-S were directly transported from the scene of emergency to a cardiac catheterization laboratory (P < .001). Overall, 80% of patients treated by EMT-S, compared to 52.5% treated by the EMT-B required subsequent hospital admission (P < .05).Transmission of ECG from the out-of-hospital emergency scene to the in-hospital cardiologist is infrequently performed. The rate of STEMI in transmitted ECG's by emergency teams staffed with an emergency physician was higher compared to emergency teams staffed with paramedics only.


Assuntos
Cardiologistas/organização & administração , Eletrocardiografia/métodos , Serviços Médicos de Emergência/organização & administração , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar/diagnóstico , Telemedicina/organização & administração , Institutos de Cardiologia/organização & administração , Humanos , Admissão do Paciente , Estudos Retrospectivos
20.
Int Heart J ; 60(5): 1192-1195, 2019 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31447464

RESUMO

Here we report two young patients with atrial fibrillation/atrial flutter complicated with cardiogenic cerebral embolism. Electrophysiological study revealed a large area of low-voltage zone or area of electric silence in both sides of the atrium during restoration of sinus rhythm, and the echocardiogram showed loss of mechanical function of the atrium. The electrical-mechanical dysfunction of the atrium was considered to be the cause of embolic event in this type of patient who was "very low" stroke risk atrial fibrillation or atrial flutter. The idiopathic, fibrotic atrial cardiomyopathy may be underlying in these patients.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/complicações , Flutter Atrial/complicações , Ablação por Cateter/métodos , Eletrocardiografia/métodos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico , Fibrilação Atrial/cirurgia , Flutter Atrial/diagnóstico , Flutter Atrial/cirurgia , Mapeamento Potencial de Superfície Corporal/métodos , China , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Doenças Raras , Medição de Risco , Amostragem , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/terapia
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