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1.
Int J Food Microbiol ; 370: 109639, 2022 Jun 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35367852

RESUMO

Spinach is a highly perishable product that degrades over time, including due to bacteria contaminating the product prior to packaging, yet the dynamics of bacterial spoilage and factors that affect it are not well understood. Notably, while China is the top producer of spinach globally, there is limited available microbiological data in the literature for spinach supply chains in China. The overall goal of this foundational study was to establish a baseline understanding of bacterial population dynamics on spinach from harvest to 10 days postprocessing for a Chinese supply chain that includes distribution via traditional grocery (a local physical store) and eCommerce (an online store). To this end, organic spinach samples were collected at different stages in a Chinese supply chain by following the same 3 lots, starting at point-of-harvest through processing and distribution via a local grocery store and eCommerce. After distribution, the same 3 lots were stored at 4 °C with microbiological testing performed on multiple days up to day 10 postprocessing, simulating storage at the point-of-consumer. Results showed aerobic plate counts and total Gram-negative counts did not significantly differ across stages in the supply chain from harvest through processing. However, packaged spinach from the same processing facility and lots, exhibited different patterns in bacterial levels across 0 to 10 days postprocessing, depending on whether it was distributed via the local grocery store or eCommerce. Evaluation of bacterial populations performed on a subset of the packaged spinach samples indicated Gram-negative bacteria, in particular Pseudomonas, were predominant across all days of testing (days 0, 3, and 10 postprocessing), with populations differing at the genus level by day. Overall, this study improves our understanding of the dynamics of bacterial populations on spinach and provides baseline data needed for future studies.


Assuntos
Microbiologia de Alimentos , Spinacia oleracea , Bactérias , Contagem de Colônia Microbiana , Embalagem de Alimentos/métodos , Bactérias Gram-Negativas , Spinacia oleracea/microbiologia
2.
J Agric Food Chem ; 70(16): 4805-4816, 2022 Apr 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35380818

RESUMO

Some components of plastic food packaging can migrate into food, and whereas migration studies of known components are required and relatively straightforward, identification of nonintentionally added substances (NIAS; unknowns) is challenging yet imperative to better characterizing food safety. To this aim, migration was investigated across 24 unique plastic food packaging products including plastic wrap, storage bags, vacuum bags, and meat trays. Gas and liquid chromatography separation systems coupled with Orbitrap mass analyzers were used for comprehensive nontargeted screening of migrants. Tentative identifications of features were assigned by searching commercial databases (e.g., NIST, MZCloud, ChemSpider, Extractables and Leachables) and filtering results based on mass accuracy, retention time indices, and mass spectral patterns. Several migrants showed elevated levels in specific food packaging types, particularly meat trays and plastic wrap, and varying degrees of migration over the 10 days. Eleven putative migrants are listed as substances of potential concern or priority hazardous substances. Additionally, migration amounts of an Irgafos 168 degradation product determined by semiquantitation exceeded proposed theoretical maximum migration values.


Assuntos
Embalagem de Alimentos , Plásticos , Cromatografia Líquida/métodos , Contaminação de Alimentos/análise , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas/métodos , Espectrometria de Massas/métodos , Plásticos/química
3.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 6935, 2022 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35484184

RESUMO

This study presents the valorization of side streams from the sunflower-based biodiesel industry for the production of bio-based and biodegradable food packaging following circular economy principles. Bacterial cellulose (BC) was produced via fermentation in 6 L static tray bioreactors using nutrient-rich supplements derived from the enzymatic hydrolysis of sunflower meal (SFM) combined with crude glycerol as carbon source. Novel biofilms were produced using either matrices of protein isolates extracted from sunflower meal (SFMPI) alone or SFMPI matrices reinforced with nanocellulose biofillers of commercial or bacterial origin. Acid hydrolysis was employed for ex-situ modification of BC to nanostructures (56 nm). The biofilms reinforced with bacterial nanocellulose structures (SFMPI-BNC) showed 64.5% higher tensile strength, 75.5% higher Young's modulus, 131.5% higher elongation at break, 32.5% lower water solubility and 14.1% lower water vapor permeability than the biofilms produced only with SFMPI. The biofilms were evaluated on fresh strawberries packaging showing that the SFMPI-BNC-based films lead to effective preservation at 10 °C considering microbial growth and physicochemical profile (weight loss, chemical characterization, color, firmness and respiration activity). The SFMPI-BNC-based films could be applied in fresh fruit packaging applications.


Assuntos
Embalagem de Alimentos , Helianthus , Celulose/química , Frutas , Resistência à Tração
4.
PLoS One ; 17(4): e0266918, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35476711

RESUMO

The world production of plastic exceeded 360 million tonnes in 2020 alone, a considerable amount of which is not properly disposed of. The significant pressures and damages posed by conventional plastic to human and environmental health suggest that alternatives are urgently needed. One of them is "bioplastic", which is defined as bio-based plastic that is (or not) biodegradable. This paper reports on a study on the perceptions of bioplastics among consumers in 42 countries to identify their levels of information and concerns. The results suggest that most respondents have positive expectations regarding the future of bioplastics to replace conventional plastics fully or partially, especially for food containers, kitchenware, and boxes and bags for packaging. They also reported that the low costs and increased availability of bioplastic products on the market are likely to be the main drivers for their wide-scale adoption. However, many participants are unsure whether they would buy bio-based and biodegradable products if they are expensive. Overall, whereas a rather positive attitude to bioplastics has been identified, greater efforts are needed to address the many information needs of consumers towards upscaling the adoption of bioplastics. Relevant policies are therefore needed to encourage investments in the large-scale manufacture and market uptake of bioplastics. The paper reports on an initial study of consumer behavior, in a sample of countries spread across all geographical regions.


Assuntos
Embalagem de Alimentos , Plásticos , Atitude , Comportamento do Consumidor , Humanos
5.
Food Microbiol ; 105: 104005, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35473983

RESUMO

To minimize the survival of Listeria monocytogenes on ready-to-eat (RTE)-products, active antimicrobial packaging based on polyvinyl alcohol films with Enterocin A or ethyl-lauroyl-arginate (LAE) have been designed and its antimicrobial activity assessed in vacuum-packed sliced dry-cured ham stored under refrigeration. The Enterocin A-based antimicrobial film exerted a strong antilisterial activity, causing an immediate reduction of L. monocytogenes counts of 1 log units compared with the control without antimicrobial. Besides, Enterocin A film enhanced (4-fold higher) the die-off rate along the 6 months of storage at 8 °C. The antilisterial effect of Enterocin A film applied on dry-cured ham complies with the performance criteria requirement of Alternative 1 of the US Listeria rule regarding the control of L. monocytogenes. Films made with LAE did not exert an immediate bactericidal effect but slightly increased the die-off rate of the pathogen and reduced its counts during the shelf life compared to the control batch.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos , Produtos da Carne , Carne de Porco , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia , Bacteriocinas , Contagem de Colônia Microbiana , Qualidade de Produtos para o Consumidor , Microbiologia de Alimentos , Embalagem de Alimentos , Conservação de Alimentos
6.
Molecules ; 27(7)2022 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35408663

RESUMO

The indiscriminate use of plastic in food packaging contributes significantly to environmental pollution, promoting the search for more eco-friendly alternatives for the food industry. This work studied five formulations (T1-T5) of biodegradable cassava starch/gelatin films. The results showed the presence of the starch/gelatin functional groups by FT-IR spectroscopy. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) showed a thermal reinforcement after increasing the amount of gelatin in the formulations, which increased the crystallization temperature (Tc) from 190 °C for the starch-only film (T1) to 206 °C for the film with 50/50 starch/gelatin (T3). It also exhibited a homogeneous surface morphology, as evidenced by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). However, an excess of gelatin showed low compatibility with starch in the 25/75 starch/gelatin film (T4), evidenced by the low Tc definition and very rough and fractured surface morphology. Increasing gelatin ratio also significantly increased the strain (from 2.9 ± 0.5% for T1 to 285.1 ± 10.0% for T5) while decreasing the tensile strength (from 14.6 ± 0.5 MPa for T1 to 1.5 ± 0.3 MPa for T5). Water vapor permeability (WVP) increased, and water solubility (WS) also decreased with gelatin mass rising in the composites. On the other hand, opacity did not vary significantly due to the films' cassava starch and gelatin ratio. Finally, optimizing the mechanical and water barrier properties resulted in a mass ratio of 53/47 cassava starch/gelatin as the most appropriate for their application in food packaging, indicating their usefulness in the food-packaging industry.


Assuntos
Embalagem de Alimentos , Amido , Animais , Galinhas , Gelatina/química , Permeabilidade , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Amido/química , Resistência à Tração
7.
Anim Sci J ; 93(1): e13712, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35416376

RESUMO

The study was conducted on 84 rabbits. The animals were weaned at the age of 42 days, after which they were all fed the same diet. Rabbit loins were obtained 24 h post-mortem and divided into groups according to the packaging method and storage time: control group (examined 24 h post-mortem); two groups stored in vacuum packaging (7 days, n = 12; 14 days, n = 12); and four groups stored in two different gas mixtures (7 days, n = 12/gas mixture; 14 days, n = 12/gas mixture). After the storage, the microbiological and physicochemical quality of longissimus thoracis et lumborum (LTL) muscles was analyzed. Meat packaged in both systems (MAP and VAC) was characterized by good quality after 7 days of storage, while after 14 days, there was a significant deterioration, which was reflected in disturbances in the color parameters (L* and a*) and substantial changes in the water fraction parameters. The purge loss (<0.0001), total water (<0.0001), free water (<0.001), cooking loss (<0.0001), and plasticity (p = 0.0025) were affected by the group. In conclusion, our study demonstrated that vacuum packaging created the lowest microbial growth rates. However, muscles stored in the gas mixture containing 30%CO2 and 70%O2 , characterized with the greatest tenderness.


Assuntos
Embalagem de Alimentos , Armazenamento de Alimentos , Animais , Embalagem de Alimentos/métodos , Armazenamento de Alimentos/métodos , Gases , Carne/análise , Coelhos , Vácuo , Água
8.
Food Chem ; 387: 132908, 2022 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35421645

RESUMO

An intelligent colorimetric film was prepared to monitor mushrooms freshness by incorporating anthocyanin-loaded ovalbumin-carboxymethyl cellulose nanocomplexes (OVA-CMC-ACNs) into corn starch/polyvinyl alcohol matrix. The results showed that ACNs could be loaded into OVA-CMC nanocomplexes with larger particle size and more uniform size distribution. The structure, physical properties, colorimetric response and practical application of films were studied. Compared with SP/ACNs film incorporation of free anthocyanins, SP/OVA-CMC-ACNs film had denser structure, higher mechanical and water barrier properties, and better thermal stability, which were related to the hydrogen bond among film components by FT-IR. The SP/OVA-CMC-ACNs film showed obvious colorimetric response in CO2 gas and pH buffer. The successful applications of intelligent film for the freshness monitoring of mushrooms. The intelligent film could monitor the freshness of mushrooms during the storage by visual color change from purple to pink. These results indicated that prepared SP/OVA-CMC-ACNs film have great application potential in intelligent food packaging.


Assuntos
Antocianinas , Carboximetilcelulose Sódica , Antocianinas/química , Embalagem de Alimentos/métodos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Ovalbumina , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier
9.
Food Chem ; 387: 132883, 2022 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35421651

RESUMO

Single-layered films, based on furcellaran and protein hydrolysates from soybean bran (1st layer), were obtained. Moreover, a procedure for the preparation of double-layered films was developed, in which an ethanol extract from soybean bran was deposited onto the 1st layer. It was checked how the addition of the 2nd layer affects the functional properties of the film. The addition of the 2nd layer increased the thermal properties, modulus of elasticity and antioxidant activity, while decreases were noted for tensile strength and elongation at break parameters. The films were used as packaging materials for storing butter and the active films did not extend the quality of butter during storage, however, they behaved in the same way as synthetic films. Therefore they have the potential to be used as packaging material instead of a synthetic film.


Assuntos
Embalagem de Alimentos , Soja , Alginatos , Manteiga , Embalagem de Alimentos/métodos , Gomas Vegetais , Resistência à Tração
10.
Food Chem ; 387: 132878, 2022 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35421653

RESUMO

In this paper, HACC modified with (5-Carboxypentyl) (triphenyl) phosphonium bromide (HA-CS-NP) was synthesized. Then, a multifunctional food packaging composite film with good thermal stability and antibacterial functions was fabricated by HA-CS-NP and poly (vinyl alcohol) (PVA). The tensile strength and elongation at break of HA-CS-NP/PVA composite film at the weight ratio of 3/7 were 20.32 ± 1.02 MPa and 65.73 ± 3.29%, respectively. And, the inhibition rates of HA-CS-NP (0.5%) on Mango C. lagenarium and Papaya C. gloeosporioides on day 6 were up to 80.92 ± 4.12%. Compared with CK group, the weight loss of experimental groups were 23.96 ± 2.46 g/206 ± 7.25 g (mangoes) and 59.45 ± 3.06 g/496 ± 6.37 g (papaya), reduced by 35.76 ± 1.15%. Moreover, the final hardness value of the fruits coated with composite films was 4.94 ± 0.23 kg/cm3 and increased by 20.79 ± 1.04%, and the rot index was reduced by 71.43 ± 3.24%. The multifunctional HA-CS-NP/PVA coating has broad prospects in the application of food packaging.


Assuntos
Quitosana , Antibacterianos , Embalagem de Alimentos , Frutas , Fosfatos , Álcool de Polivinil , Compostos de Amônio Quaternário , Resistência à Tração
11.
Food Res Int ; 155: 111056, 2022 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35400434

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of air packaging (AP), modified atmosphere packaging (MAP, 40% CO2/60 % N2) and vacuum packaging (VP) on the dynamic changes of bacterial communities and volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in braised chicken stored at 4 ℃. Physicochemical characteristics and microbiological parameters were also measured. Results showed that MAP and VP groups obtained a slower growth rate of total viable count (TVC) and better sensory scores than AP groups. High throughput sequencing showed that Proteobacteria and Firmicutes were the dominant phyla in braised chicken samples. Additionally, different packaging conditions had significant effects on the succession of bacteria at the genus level. At the beginning of storage, Sphingomonas, Bradyrhizobium, Acinetobacter, Psychrobacter and Phyllobacterium dominated the microflora of braised chicken. However, on day 28, Staphylococcus and Serratia became the predominant genera in MAP and VP samples, respectively. Furthermore, thirty-two VOCs were detected in all braised chicken samples. Following the results of Spearman's correlation analysis, positive correlations were observed between Staphylococcus and all the compounds except for heptanoic acid. These results might provide valuable information regarding the quality improvement of braised chicken during refrigerated storage.


Assuntos
Galinhas , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis , Animais , Bactérias , Microbiologia de Alimentos , Embalagem de Alimentos/métodos , Vácuo , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/análise
12.
Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces ; 214: 112472, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35364455

RESUMO

Biodegradable polymers typically have inferior barrier properties compared to petroleum-based nonbiodegradable plastic. The addition of zinc oxide nanoparticles may enhance the functional properties of biodegradable packaging and extends the shelf life of packaged foods. Polybutylene adipate-co-terephthalate (PBAT) and thermoplastic starch (TPS) blended ZnO (1-5%) nanocomposite films were developed via blown extrusion for functional active meat packaging. The nanocomposite film morphology showed agglomeration of the nanoparticles, causing poor mechanical properties. Nanovoids formed at the interface between the polymer and nanoparticles, increasing permeability. Dispersion of ZnO nanofillers modified CO and C-O ester bonding in PBAT and increased hydrogen bonding with TPS. The interaction between ZnO and polymers increased the dispersion and reduced the agglomeration of nanoparticles. The highest ZnO content at 5% resulted in a stronger interaction between ZnO and TPS due to increased amorphous starch content, which improved homogeneous dispersion within the matrices, reducing nanoparticle size. The ZnO nanocomposite films reduced lipid oxidation and delayed microbial growth, resulting in a lower total viable count, lactic acid bacteria and yeast and mold in packaged pork meat. Higher ZnO concentrations from 3% showed microbial inhibitory effects. The growth of microorganisms was controlled by residual oxygen, morphology of the films and nanoparticle characteristics. The nanocomposite films effectively extended the shelf life by more than 3 days under refrigerated conditions.


Assuntos
Nanocompostos , Óxido de Zinco , Embalagem de Alimentos/métodos , Expectativa de Vida , Carne , Polímeros , Amido , Óxido de Zinco/farmacologia
13.
Molecules ; 27(8)2022 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35458709

RESUMO

Novel composite self-disinfecting films of polylactic acid (PLA) filled with nanosized particles of double sodium-copper(II) paratungstate B Na2Cu3(CuOH)2[W12O40(OH)2]·32H2O (POM) were developed. The solvent casting (POM/PLA film) and solvent-free melt extrusion methods (Extr. POM/PLA film) were applied for film preparation. The copper (II) ion release to water from both types of the films after 10 days at different temperatures demonstrated that the PLA matrix acts as a diffusion barrier, and the resulting concentration of released copper in water at room temperature remained low, at 0.79% for POM/PLA film and 0.51% for Extr. POM/PLA film. The POM-containing films reveals a significant inhibitory effect against E. coli ATCC 25922 in the agar diffusion test. The numbers of CFUs in washes of the films after incubation for 24 h were found to be 3.6 log CFU mL-1 (POM/PLA film) and 4.1 log CFU mL-1 (Extr. POM/PLA film). The films combine the antibacterial properties of POM and a bio-based polymer matrix, which makes them a prospective coating material for applications in hospital indoor environments. Excellent thermal stability of POM gives a technological advantage for industrial manufacturing to allow the processing of novel composite material in the solvent free (molten) state.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos , Embalagem de Alimentos , Ânions , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia , Cobre/farmacologia , Escherichia coli , Embalagem de Alimentos/métodos , Polieletrólitos , Poliésteres/farmacologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Água/farmacologia
14.
Ultrason Sonochem ; 85: 105992, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35385812

RESUMO

To produce an edible film with high mechanical and physicochemical properties, Tuna skin collagen-chitosan (TSC-CTS) composite films were prepared by incorporating ultrasound (UT) and pomegranate polyphenols including gallic acid (GA), tannic acid (TA), and ellagic acid (EA), respectively. The tensile strength and the DPPH scavenging activity of the GA-UT-TSC-CTS film (ultrasound frequency of 28 ± 0.5 kHz, power of 100 W/L, sweep frequency cycle of 100 ms, duty ratio of 77% and time of 10 min; GA concentration of 1.0 g/L and reaction time of 10 min) were increased by 47.03% and 24.16 folds, respectively compared to the control (TSC-CTS film). Meanwhile, light transmittance and water vapor permeability of the GA-UT-TSC-CTS film were decreased by 29.26% and 15.70%, respectively. These positive modification results were attributed to the altered structure during the film formation process, which were verified by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), circular dichroism (CD), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and thermogravimetry results. Moreover, the GA-UT-TSC-CTS film possessed moderate thermal stability and color indexes and improved antibacterial activity. The antibacterial effect of the film against Bacillus subtilis was the highest, followed by Escherichia coli, Listeria monocytogenes, and Staphylococcus aureus. Overall, the combination modification of gallic acid and ultrasound was an efficient modification method to improve the mechanical, antioxidant, and antibacterial properties of edible TSC-CTS films.


Assuntos
Quitosana , Romã (Fruta) , Animais , Antibacterianos/química , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/química , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Quitosana/química , Quitosana/farmacologia , Colágeno , Escherichia coli , Embalagem de Alimentos , Ácido Gálico , Permeabilidade , Polifenóis/farmacologia , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Atum
15.
Food Res Int ; 155: 111096, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35400470

RESUMO

Food spoilage and waste, human and animal poisoning, and even death caused by foodborne microorganisms remain extensive concerns in food safety. The global demand for functional, eco-friendly, and efficient antimicrobial food packaging is increasing. However, the bacteriostatic or bactericidal effects of most conventional food packaging display limited action, and their major components are petrochemical materials (non-renewable, non-biodegradable, and not environmentally friendly), and the current target microorganisms easily acquire drug-resistant. Therefore, the development of more effective, sustainable and safe antimicrobial materials has become a research hotspot in food packaging. This paper systematically reviews the latest research on antimicrobial active packaging materials combining renewable and biodegradable polysaccharide-based substrates with green organic guanidine-based polymers, inorganic chlorine dioxide, or natural antimicrobial agents (such as essential oils, other plant extracts, chitosan, propolis, protein, bacteriocin, probiotics, and bacteriophages). The compositions, characteristics, antimicrobial mechanisms, and food applications of the various types of sustainable antimicrobial materials are updated, and future trends are explored. Although they show impressive properties, further studies are required to confirm the safety and efficacy of these materials as a majority of the studies have been conducted under laboratory conditions. This review provides theoretical and technical support for the development of new antimicrobial food packaging and extending the shelf-life of foods.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos , Quitosana , Óleos Voláteis , Animais , Antibacterianos/química , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Anti-Infecciosos/química , Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia , Quitosana/química , Embalagem de Alimentos
16.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 208: 983-994, 2022 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35381279

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to prepare chitosan/zein (CS/Zein) edible films reinforced with Mosla chinensis essential oils (EOs) nanoemulsions (NEs) and nanoparticles (NPs) in order to compare their properties. NEs and NPs containing EOs could be used to fabricate films with functional properties, and the films were prepared using a casting method. The influence of EO concentration and mixing methods on the physical, mechanical, and functional properties of the films was investigated. The results indicated that the films formulated with EO NEs generated favorable fundamental and functional characteristics with excellent mechanical properties, moisture barrier capacity, and significant antioxidant and antibacterial activity. In addition, the use of NEs-based films improved the release of bioactive compounds, and the mechanism of EO release was found to follow a first order model. In summary, EO NEs were more effective in preserving the fundamental and functional properties of CS/Zein nanocomposite edible films than NP-based films. These differences may reflect different forms and methods of dispersing EOs in NEs and NPs. This study demonstrated that NEs reinforced films could be used to enhance the effectiveness of EOs in food products and develop new strategies for their delivery and application.


Assuntos
Quitosana , Nanopartículas , Óleos Voláteis , Zeína , Embalagem de Alimentos/métodos
17.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 14(12): 14654-14667, 2022 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35302368

RESUMO

Bio-based and biodegradable packaging combined with chemical sensors and indicators has attracted great attention as they can provide protection combined with information on the actual freshness of foodstuffs. In this study, we present an effective, biodegradable, mostly bio-sourced material ideal for sustainable packaging that can also be used as a smart indicator of ammonia (NH3) vapor and food spoilage. The developed material comprises a blend of poly(lactic acid) (PLA) and poly(propylene carbonate) (PPC) loaded with curcumin (CCM), which is fabricated via the scalable techniques of melt extrusion and compression molding. Due to the structural similarity of PLA and PPC, they exhibited good compatibility and formed hydrogen bonds within their blends, as proven by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) analysis confirmed that the blends were thermally stable at the used processing temperature (180 °C) with minimal crystallinity. The rheological and mechanical properties of the PLA/PPC blends were easily tuned by changing the ratio of the biopolymers. Supplementing the PLA/PCC samples with CCM resulted in efficient absorption of UV radiation, yet the transparency of the films was preserved (T700 ∼ 68-84%). The investigation of CCM extract in ethanol with the DPPH• assay demonstrated that the samples could also provide effective antioxidant action, due to the tunable release of the CCM. Analyses for water vapor and oxygen permeability showed that the PPC improved the barrier properties of the PLA/PPC blends, while the presence of CCM did not hinder barrier performance. The capacity for real-time detection of NH3 vapor was quantified using the CIELab color space analysis. A change in color of the sample from a yellowish shade to red was observed by the naked eye. Finally, a film of PLA/PPC/CCM was successfully applied as a sticker indicator to monitor the spoilage of shrimps over time, demonstrating an evident color change from yellow to light orange, particularly for the PPC-containing blend. The developed system, therefore, has the potential to serve as a cost-effective, easy-to-use, nondestructive, smart indicator for food packaging, as well as a means for NH3 gas monitoring in industrial and environmental applications.


Assuntos
Curcumina , Varredura Diferencial de Calorimetria , Embalagem de Alimentos/métodos , Poliésteres/química , Vapor
18.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(5)2022 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35269873

RESUMO

This study aimed to develop and characterize gelatin/polyvinyl alcohol (G/PVA) films loaded with black cumin cake extract (BCCE) and zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnONPs). The BCCE was also applied for the green synthesis of ZnONPs with an average size of less than 100 nm. The active films were produced by a solvent-casting technique, and their physicochemical and antibacterial properties were investigated. Supplementation of G/PVA film in ZnONPs decreased the tensile strength (TS) from 2.97 MPa to 1.69 MPa. The addition of BCCE and ZnONPs increased the elongation at the break (EAB) of the enriched film by about 3%. The G/PVA/BCCE/ZnONPs film revealed the lowest water vapor permeability (WVP = 1.14 × 10-9 g·mm·Pa-1·h-1·mm-2) and the highest opacity (3.41 mm-1). The QUick, Easy, New, CHEap and Reproducible (QUENCHER) methodologies using 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6- sulfonic acid) (ABTS) and cupric ion reducing antioxidant capacity (CUPRAC) were applied to measure antioxidant capacity (AC) of the prepared films. The incorporation of BCCE and ZnONPs into G/PVA films enhanced the AC by 8-144%. The films containing ZnONPs and a mixture of BCCE and ZnONPs inhibited the growth of three Gram-positive bacterial strains. These nanocomposite films with desired functional properties can be recommended to inhibit microbial spoilage and oxidative rancidity of packaged food.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas , Nigella sativa , Óxido de Zinco , Antioxidantes/química , Embalagem de Alimentos/métodos , Gelatina/química , Nanopartículas/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Álcool de Polivinil/química
19.
Food Res Int ; 154: 111023, 2022 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35337578

RESUMO

Active food packaging (AP) is an innovative technology, which provides a new system for food preservation in the food industry. The growing need towards consumer demands and market trends inspires researchers and food industries to employ AP. The advent of nanotechnology has had a significant impact on AP applications due to its distinctive physicochemical and biological properties. The incorporation of nano-sized materials into the polymer matrix has greatly improved the thermal, mechanical, gas barrier properties and compostability of biopolymers, thereby overcoming the shortcomings of bio-based film packaging. One of the great features of nano-sized materials is that they can act as release-controlling devices for active compounds in AP. The current review summarized the impact of nano-sized materials in the physical properties of the bio-based packaging films and their potential utilization and applications in AP. The safety concentrations of nano-sized materials and their possible migration from food packaging into food were also reviewed to gain a perspective view on their utilization in AP.


Assuntos
Embalagem de Alimentos , Nanotecnologia , Biopolímeros/química , Conservação de Alimentos , Polímeros
20.
ACS Appl Bio Mater ; 5(3): 1319-1329, 2022 03 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35262325

RESUMO

Functional bionanocomposites have evoked immense research interests in many fields including biomedicine, food packaging, and environmental applications. Supramolecular self-assembled bionanocomposite materials fabricated by biopolymers and two-dimensional (2D) nanomaterials have particularly emerged as a compelling material due to their biodegradable nature, hierarchical structures, and designable multifunctions. However, construction of these materials with tunable properties has been still challenging. Here, we report a self-assembled, flexible, and antioxidative collagen nanocomposite film (CNF) via regulating supramolecular interactions of type I collagen and tannic acid (TA)-functionalized 2D synthetic clay nanoplatelets Laponite (LAP). Specifically, TA-coordinated LAP (LAP-TA) complexes were obtained via chelation and hydrogen bonding between TA and LAP clay nanoplatelets and further used to stabilize the triple-helical confirmation and fibrillar structure of the collagen via hydrogen bonding and electrostatic interactions, forming a hierarchical microstructure. The obtained transparent CNF not only exhibited the reinforced thermal stability, enzymatic resistance, tensile strength, and hydrophobicity but also good water vapor permeability and antioxidation. For example, the tensile strength was improved by over 2000%, and the antioxidant property was improved by 71%. Together with the simple fabrication process, we envision that the resulting CNF provides greater opportunities for versatile bionanocomposites design and fabrication serving as a promising candidate for emerging applications, especially food packaging and smart wearable devices.


Assuntos
Nanocompostos , Polifenóis , Argila , Colágeno , Embalagem de Alimentos , Nanocompostos/química
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