Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 2.420
Filtrar
1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(3): e24356, 2021 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33546070

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: To investigate the characteristics of pulmonary artery distensibility (PAD) in patients with acute pulmonary embolism (APE) and to assess the correlation of PAD with APE severity and right ventricular function. A total of 33 patients who underwent retrospective electrocardiogram (ECG)-gated computed tomography pulmonary angiography (CTPA) with a definite diagnosis of APE were included in the study. According to APE severity, the patients were divided into severe (SPE) and non-severe (NSPE) groups. Data from a control group without APE matching the basic demographics of the APE patients were collected. Pulmonary artery distensibility (PAD) and right ventricular function parameters were compared among the 3 groups, their relationships were investigated, and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used to determine the sensitivity and specificity of the above parameters for the diagnosis of APE severity. The PAD values of the control, NSPE, and SPE groups were (7.877 ±â€Š2.637) × 10-3 mm/Hg, (6.050 ±â€Š2.011) × 10-3 mm/Hg, (4.321 ±â€Š1.717) × 10-3 mm/Hg, respectively (P < .01). There were statistically significant differences in right ventricular function parameters among the 3 groups (P < .05). The correlation analysis between PAD and right ventricular function parameters showed a weak negative correlation (r = -0.281--0.392). The area under the ROC curve of PAD was 0.743, the critical value was 4.200, and the sensitivity and specificity were 62.5% and 94.1%, respectively. The PAD obtained by retrospective ECG-gated CTPA could accurately evaluate APE severity and right ventricular function. As the severity of APE increases, PAD decreases, which is helpful to identify patients at high risk of APE.


Assuntos
Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada/métodos , Artéria Pulmonar/anormalidades , Embolia Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Função Ventricular Direita/fisiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Artéria Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Embolia Pulmonar/patologia , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(6): e24699, 2021 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33578605

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Pulmonary artery intimal sarcoma is a rare tumor with exceptionally high mortality and easily misdiagnosed as pulmonary thromboembolism pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE) due to the nonspecific clinical presentation and symptom. Misdiagnosis or untimely diagnosis makes the disease progress to an advanced stage and eventually leads to a poor prognosis. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 37-year-old Chinese female presented with chest tightness and dyspnea for 3 months. Echocardiography and chest computed tomography revealed an intraluminal obstruction of the pulmonary arteries. Tests of serum tumor makers showed slight elevation for carbohydrate antigen-125, and α-fetoprotein. PTE was suspected according to the radiological and laboratory findings. DIAGNOSIS: Microscopic findings of the presumed thrombus showed prominent myxoid and edematous background with atypical spindled cells and curvilinear vascularity. Immunohistochemical staining demonstrated that the atypical spindled cells were positive for vimentin but negative for CK, S100, SMA, desmin, CD68, STAT6, CD34, ß-catenin, ALK-p80, p53, and MDM2. According to the radiological and pathological findings, the diagnosis of fibrosarcoma of pulmonary artery was made. INTERVENTIONS: The patient underwent surgical resection and the mass was excised as completely as possible. OUTCOME: Follow-up information showed no evidence of recurrence or metastasis after 3 months postresection. LESSONS: Because of the low incidence rate, nonspecific clinical symptoms, and radiological findings, primary fibrosarcoma of the pulmonary artery is commonly misdiagnosed as PTE. Pathological examination is necessary to confirm the diagnosis.


Assuntos
Fibrossarcoma/diagnóstico , Artéria Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Embolia Pulmonar/diagnóstico , Túnica Íntima/patologia , Adulto , Assistência ao Convalescente , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/etnologia , Antígeno Ca-125/metabolismo , Erros de Diagnóstico/prevenção & controle , Erros de Diagnóstico/estatística & dados numéricos , Ecocardiografia/métodos , Feminino , Fibrossarcoma/sangue , Fibrossarcoma/patologia , Fibrossarcoma/cirurgia , Humanos , Embolia Pulmonar/patologia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento , Vimentina/metabolismo , alfa-Fetoproteínas/metabolismo
4.
Mol Med ; 26(1): 95, 2020 10 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33054759

RESUMO

Pulmonary fibrosis arises from the repeated epithelial mild injuries and insufficient repair lead to over activation of fibroblasts and excessive deposition of extracellular matrix, which result in a mechanical stretched niche. However, increasing mechanical stress likely exists before the establishment of fibrosis since early micro injuries increase local vascular permeability and prompt cytoskeletal remodeling which alter cellular mechanical forces. It is noteworthy that COVID-19 patients with severe hypoxemia will receive mechanical ventilation as supportive treatment and subsequent pathology studies indicate lung fibrosis pattern. At advanced stages, mechanical stress originates mainly from the stiff matrix since boundaries between stiff and compliant parts of the tissue could generate mechanical stress. Therefore, mechanical stress has a significant role in the whole development process of pulmonary fibrosis. The alveoli are covered by abundant capillaries and function as the main gas exchange unit. Constantly subject to variety of damages, the alveolar epithelium injuries were recently recognized to play a vital role in the onset and development of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. In this review, we summarize the literature regarding the effects of mechanical stress on the fundamental cells constituting the alveoli in the process of pulmonary fibrosis, particularly on epithelial cells, capillary endothelial cells, fibroblasts, mast cells, macrophages and stem cells. Finally, we briefly review this issue from a more comprehensive perspective: the metabolic and epigenetic regulation.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/imunologia , Epigênese Genética/imunologia , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/imunologia , Mecanotransdução Celular/imunologia , Pneumonia Viral/imunologia , Embolia Pulmonar/imunologia , Insuficiência Respiratória/imunologia , Células Epiteliais Alveolares/imunologia , Células Epiteliais Alveolares/patologia , Betacoronavirus/imunologia , Betacoronavirus/patogenicidade , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Infecções por Coronavirus/genética , Infecções por Coronavirus/patologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Citocinas/genética , Citocinas/imunologia , Células Endoteliais/imunologia , Células Endoteliais/patologia , Fibroblastos/imunologia , Fibroblastos/patologia , Humanos , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/genética , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/patologia , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/virologia , Pulmão/irrigação sanguínea , Pulmão/imunologia , Pulmão/patologia , Macrófagos/imunologia , Macrófagos/patologia , Mecanotransdução Celular/genética , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/genética , Pneumonia Viral/patologia , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Embolia Pulmonar/genética , Embolia Pulmonar/patologia , Embolia Pulmonar/virologia , Insuficiência Respiratória/genética , Insuficiência Respiratória/patologia , Insuficiência Respiratória/virologia , Estresse Mecânico
5.
J Neurovirol ; 26(5): 631-641, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32876900

RESUMO

A subset of patients with coronavirus 2 disease (COVID-19) experience neurological complications. These complications include loss of sense of taste and smell, stroke, delirium, and neuromuscular signs and symptoms. The etiological agent of COVID-19 is SARS-CoV-2 (severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2), an RNA virus with a glycoprotein-studded viral envelope that uses ACE2 (angiotensin-converting enzyme 2) as a functional receptor for infecting the host cells. Thus, the interaction of the envelope spike proteins with ACE2 on host cells determines the tropism and virulence of SARS-CoV-2. Loss of sense of taste and smell is an initial symptom of COVID-19 because the virus enters the nasal and oral cavities first and the epithelial cells are the receptors for these senses. Stroke in COVID-19 patients is likely a consequence of coagulopathy and injury to cerebral vascular endothelial cells that cause thrombo-embolism and stroke. Delirium and encephalopathy in acute and post COVID-19 patients are likely multifactorial and secondary to hypoxia, metabolic abnormalities, and immunological abnormalities. Thus far, there is no clear evidence that coronaviruses cause inflammatory neuromuscular diseases via direct invasion of peripheral nerves or muscles or via molecular mimicry. It appears that most of neurologic complications in COVID-19 patients are indirect and as a result of a bystander injury to neurons.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/patogenicidade , Encefalopatias/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Transtornos do Olfato/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Embolia Pulmonar/complicações , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações , Encéfalo/irrigação sanguínea , Encéfalo/patologia , Encéfalo/virologia , Encefalopatias/imunologia , Encefalopatias/patologia , Encefalopatias/virologia , Efeito Espectador , Infecções por Coronavirus/imunologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/patologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Células Epiteliais/patologia , Células Epiteliais/virologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno/genética , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno/imunologia , Humanos , Pulmão/irrigação sanguínea , Pulmão/patologia , Pulmão/virologia , Neurônios/patologia , Neurônios/virologia , Transtornos do Olfato/imunologia , Transtornos do Olfato/patologia , Transtornos do Olfato/virologia , Pandemias , Peptidil Dipeptidase A/genética , Peptidil Dipeptidase A/imunologia , Pneumonia Viral/imunologia , Pneumonia Viral/patologia , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Embolia Pulmonar/imunologia , Embolia Pulmonar/patologia , Embolia Pulmonar/virologia , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Transdução de Sinais/imunologia , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/genética , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/imunologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/imunologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/patologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/virologia
6.
Clin Radiol ; 75(10): 795.e1-795.e5, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32778329

RESUMO

AIM: To evaluate the incidence of pulmonary ischaemia in COVID-19 patients on extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), and its correlation with pulmonary artery thrombosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Computed tomography (CT) thorax of all patients receiving ECMO with proven COVID-19 pneumonitis between March and May 2020 were analysed for the presence and extension of pulmonary thromboembolic disease. RESULTS: Fifty-one patients were reviewed. The mean (range) age of 45 (26-66) years; 38/51 (74.5%) were men. All patients had severe COVID-19 pneumonitis, and 18/51 (35.3%) had macroscopic thrombosis (15 with associated ischaemia); however, 13/51 (25.5%) patients had ischaemia without associated thrombus. CONCLUSION: The majority of patients with COVID-19 who received ECMO had areas of ischaemia within consolidated lungs, almost half of these without subtending pulmonary artery thrombosis. Although the prognostic significance of these findings is unclear, they are highly suggestive of lung ischaemia due to isolated microvascular immune thrombosis.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Oxigenação por Membrana Extracorpórea/métodos , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Embolia Pulmonar/complicações , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Infecções por Coronavirus/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Pulmão/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/patologia , Embolia Pulmonar/patologia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
7.
Cardiovasc Pathol ; 49: 107263, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32784110

RESUMO

Since its recognition in December 2019, coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by SARS-CoV-2 has rapidly spread globally causing a pandemic that represents the greatest medical challenge in decades. The aim of the study was to evaluate the spectrum of cardiopulmonary pathology of COVID-19 based on (non-minimal invasive) autopsies performed on 14 COVID-19 decedents. Bilateral diffuse alveolar damage (DAD) was found in all patients. Superimposed acute bronchopneumonia was present in 11 of 14 (78.6%) patients and was considered the major cause of death in 2 patients. A key finding was the presence of thrombotic/thromboembolic vascular occlusions. We classified 5 types of pulmonary thrombi: 1. capillary microthrombi (11/14, 78.6%); 2. partially organized thrombi in mid-sized pulmonary arteries with complete vessel occlusion; 3. non-organized thrombi in mid-sized pulmonary arteries that did not completely fill out the vessel lumen and probably represented thromboemboli rather than thrombosis; 4. bone marrow emboli (1/14, 7.1%); and 5. septic pulmonary thromboemboli (1/14, 7.1%). Pulmonary thrombi in mid-sized arteries were noted in 5 of 14 (35.7%) patients, causing pulmonary infarction and/or pulmonary hemorrhage. All patients had evidence of chronic cardiac disease, including myocardial hypertrophy (13/14, 92.9%), mild to marked coronary artery atherosclerosis (14/14, 100%) and focal myocardial fibrosis (3/14, 21.4%). Acute myocardial infarction was found as concurrent cause of death in 3 (21.4%) patients, and significant cardiac hypertrophy (heart weight 750 g) was present in 1 (7.1%) patient with ATTR-positive cardiac amyloidosis. The autopsy findings confirm that COVID-19 is a systemic disease, with major involvement of the lungs, that increases the risk of cardiac and vascular complications including acute myocardial injury and thrombotic/thromboembolic events. Secondary acute bronchopneumonia is a common complication in patients with COVID-19 and may be the major cause of death.


Assuntos
Broncopneumonia/patologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/patologia , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/patologia , Artéria Pulmonar/patologia , Trombose/patologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Autopsia , Betacoronavirus , Broncopneumonia/virologia , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Embolia Pulmonar/patologia , Embolia Pulmonar/virologia , Trombose/virologia
9.
Rev Esp Patol ; 53(3): 182-187, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32650969
10.
Int J Legal Med ; 134(6): 2205-2208, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32613447

RESUMO

"Severe acute respiratory syndrome" (SARS) due to coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) infection is a well-known cause of death. Sometimes, demise can occur unexpectedly in apparently previous healthy individual after a brief period of trivial flu-like symptoms. In these doubtful cases, the forensic pathologist could be requested to define the cause of death occurred outside the hospital. In this report, the authors describe two autopsied cases of SARS-CoV-2-related deaths which occurred suddenly at home and were not preceded by hospitalization, highlighting associated histopathologic patterns and correlating them to pathophysiology of viral infection.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/patogenicidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/patologia , Pulmão/patologia , Pneumonia Viral/patologia , Córtex Suprarrenal/patologia , Idoso , Células Epiteliais Alveolares/patologia , Autopsia , Agregação Celular , Eosinófilos/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Hiperplasia , Corpos de Inclusão Intranuclear/patologia , Megacariócitos/patologia , Microscopia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Multimorbidade , Pandemias , Embolia Pulmonar/patologia , Esplenomegalia/patologia
11.
J Card Surg ; 35(7): 1638-1639, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32557777

RESUMO

Pulmonary embolism can be associated with paradox embolism requiring immediate surgical therapy regardless of hemodynamic status. Here we present images illustrating a giant transit thrombus as a concomitant finding in a patient with pulmonary artery embolism.


Assuntos
Embolectomia/métodos , Embolia Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Embolia Pulmonar/cirurgia , Trombose/patologia , Trombose/cirurgia , Ecocardiografia Transesofagiana , Forame Oval/patologia , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Artéria Pulmonar/cirurgia , Embolia Pulmonar/patologia , Embolia Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Int J Legal Med ; 134(4): 1275-1284, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32500199

RESUMO

Autopsies of deceased with a confirmed severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection can provide important insights into the novel disease and its course. Furthermore, autopsies are essential for the correct statistical recording of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) deaths. In the northern German Federal State of Hamburg, all deaths of Hamburg citizens with ante- or postmortem PCR-confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection have been autopsied since the outbreak of the pandemic in Germany. Our evaluation provides a systematic overview of the first 80 consecutive full autopsies. A proposal for the categorisation of deaths with SARS-CoV-2 infection is presented (category 1: definite COVID-19 death; category 2: probable COVID-19 death; category 3: possible COVID-19 death with an equal alternative cause of death; category 4: SARS-CoV-2 detection with cause of death not associated to COVID-19). In six cases, SARS-CoV-2 infection was diagnosed postmortem by a positive PCR test in a nasopharyngeal or lung tissue swab. In the other 74 cases, SARS-CoV-2 infection had already been known antemortem. The deceased were aged between 52 and 96 years (average 79.2 years, median 82.4 years). In the study cohort, 34 deceased were female (38%) and 46 male (62%). Overall, 38% of the deceased were overweight or obese. All deceased, except for two women, in whom no significant pre-existing conditions were found autoptically, had relevant comorbidities (in descending order of frequency): (1) diseases of the cardiovascular system, (2) lung diseases, (3) central nervous system diseases, (4) kidney diseases, and (5) diabetes mellitus. A total of 76 cases (95%) were classified as COVID-19 deaths, corresponding to categories 1-3. Four deaths (5%) were defined as non-COVID-19 deaths with virus-independent causes of death. In eight cases, pneumonia was combined with a fulminant pulmonary artery embolism. Peripheral pulmonary artery embolisms were found in nine other cases. Overall, deep vein thrombosis has been found in 40% of the cases. This study provides the largest overview of autopsies of SARS-CoV-2-infected patients presented so far.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/mortalidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/patologia , Pulmão/patologia , Pneumonia Viral/mortalidade , Pneumonia Viral/patologia , Distribuição por Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Células Epiteliais Alveolares/patologia , Autopsia , Betacoronavirus/genética , Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Comorbidade , Infecção Hospitalar/mortalidade , Exsudatos e Transudatos , Feminino , Fibroblastos/patologia , Fibrose/patologia , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Células Gigantes/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Megacariócitos/patologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Casas de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Tamanho do Órgão , Sobrepeso/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Embolia Pulmonar/patologia , Instituições Residenciais/estatística & dados numéricos , Distribuição por Sexo , Doença Relacionada a Viagens , Trombose Venosa/patologia
14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(19): e19943, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32384440

RESUMO

RATIONALE: The preoperative diagnosis of massive pulmonary tumor embolism associated with renal neoplasms is relatively rare. In most cases, pulmonary tumor embolism is detected intraoperatively during renal tumor resection. Moreover, primary renal sarcoma is rare, and primary renal sarcoma complicated by pulmonary tumor embolism is extremely rare; accordingly, there is no optimal treatment for such cases. Herein, we report a case of renal sarcoma associated with pulmonary tumor embolism. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 39-year-old man was admitted to the emergency room owing to the sudden onset of dyspnea and palpitation. DIAGNOSIS: Contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) revealed a large mass in the right kidney involving the infrahepatic inferior vena cava, with massive pulmonary emboli in both the pulmonary arteries. INTERVENTIONS: Emergency pulmonary embolectomy with radical nephrectomy was performed. OUTCOMES: The patient experienced apparent remission of dyspnea, and resolution of right ventricle dysfunction. However, although remnant emboli were detected in the segmental arteries on postoperative CT, complete resolution of pulmonary embolism was observed after adjuvant chemotherapy. LESSONS: Thus, concomitant cytoreductive nephrectomy with pulmonary embolectomy along with chemotherapy may be effective for patients with renal sarcoma with pulmonary tumor embolism.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Renais/complicações , Neoplasias Pulmonares/complicações , Embolia Pulmonar/etiologia , Sarcoma/complicações , Adulto , Embolectomia/métodos , Humanos , Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Neoplasias Renais/cirurgia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/secundário , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Masculino , Nefrectomia/métodos , Artéria Pulmonar/patologia , Embolia Pulmonar/patologia , Embolia Pulmonar/cirurgia , Sarcoma/secundário , Sarcoma/cirurgia , Veia Cava Inferior/patologia
17.
Clin Ter ; 171(3): e192-e196, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32323705

RESUMO

Septic pulmonary embolism (SPE) is an uncommon disease in which a microorganism- containing thrombus causes an inflammatory reaction and a mechanical obstruction in the vascular system of the lungs. Usually it is associated with tricuspid valve vegetation, septic thrombophlebitis or infected venous catheters. We present a rare and fatal case of massive septic pulmonary thromboembolism occurred in a diabetic woman, who complained in previous days dyspnoea, abdominal pain and nausea. Autopsy findings showed evidence of an erosive cystitis, while lungs examination showed total occlusion of pulmonary circulation system due to thrombo-embolic clots. In literature cases report about an association between septic pulmonary thromboembolism and erosive cystitis haven't been reported. So, we here show the first reported fatal case of a septic pulmonary thromboembolism as a lethal evolution of an erosive cystitis.


Assuntos
Cistite/complicações , Angiopatias Diabéticas , Embolia Pulmonar/etiologia , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Autopsia , Cistite/patologia , Evolução Fatal , Feminino , Medicina Legal , Humanos , Inflamação , Embolia Pulmonar/mortalidade , Embolia Pulmonar/patologia , Doenças Vasculares/complicações
18.
Medicina (B Aires) ; 80(2): 97-102, 2020.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32282313

RESUMO

Discrepancies between clinical suspicion and pathological findings in pulmonary embolism (PE) appear to be frequent. The aim of this study was to analyze the prevalence of PE in a necropsy series of patients who have died in an acute care hospital between 1998-2017, its relationship with previous clinical suspicion, and its importance as a cause of death. It is a retrospective observational study of 350 autopsies done at the Department of Pathology. We analyzed the demographic characteristics, main clinical diagnoses stated in the autopsy request form, incidence of PE diagnosed, main autopsy findings related with the cause of death, as well as the concordance between clinical suspicion and autopsy diagnosis. In only 8% of the cases (n = 28) the clinical diagnosis of autopsy request was PE. An autopsy diagnosis of PE was done in 127 cases (36.3%); in 33 cases (25.9%) affected large pulmonary vessels; medium caliber vessels were affected in 75 cases (59.1%), and in 19 cases small vessels. The PE was considered as a contributor or cause of death in 30.9% (n = 108). However, only 15.7% of the confirmed PE cases had previous clinical suspicion. This series of necropsies shows that PE is a high prevalence finding in autopsies at an acute care hospital, and an important cause of death in a 20 years period. The finding of a low concordance with clinical diagnosis should alert the medical community on the importance of clinical suspicion in order to achieve an early diagnosis and treatment of this disease.


Assuntos
Embolia Pulmonar/patologia , Argentina/epidemiologia , Autopsia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , Embolia Pulmonar/diagnóstico , Embolia Pulmonar/mortalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos
19.
World Neurosurg ; 137: 183-186, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32035204

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: An 11-year-old girl had undergone posterior spinal fusion surgery for scoliosis. The surgery was complicated by intraoperative bleeding, and hemostasis was achieved by topically applying gelatin sponges. CASE DESCRIPTION: She developed acute pulmonary embolism and cardiac arrest during the surgery, which was confirmed by transesophageal echocardiography. CONCLUSIONS: Autopsy shortly after revealed that her death was associated with unintended intravascular entry of gelatin sponge fragments, resulting in an embolic event and secondary cardiopulmonary collapse.


Assuntos
Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica , Migração de Corpo Estranho/complicações , Esponja de Gelatina Absorvível/efeitos adversos , Hemostáticos/efeitos adversos , Complicações Intraoperatórias/etiologia , Embolia Pulmonar/etiologia , Escoliose/cirurgia , Fusão Vertebral , Criança , Ecocardiografia Transesofagiana , Evolução Fatal , Feminino , Migração de Corpo Estranho/patologia , Hemostasia Cirúrgica , Humanos , Complicações Intraoperatórias/diagnóstico por imagem , Complicações Intraoperatórias/patologia , Embolia Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Embolia Pulmonar/patologia
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...