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1.
Estima (Online) ; 18(1): e0720, jan.-dez. 2020.
Artigo em Espanhol | BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1102128

RESUMO

Objetivo: Identificar los factores psicosociales presentes en pacientes con úlceras venosas y la evidencia disponible sobre la asociación que estos factores tienen con la curación de este tipo de heridas. Métodos: Revisión integradora de la literatura de estudios cuantitativos en las bases de datos MEDLINE, Scielo y Cochrane Library entre los años 2008 y 2019, utilizando las palabras clave, factores psicosociales, úlcera venosa, cicatrización de heridas ansiedad y depresión en idioma inglés, español y portugués. Resultados: Dieciséis estudios fueron incluidos. Los factores psicosociales presentes en los pacientes con úlceras venosas fueron depresión, ansiedad, sentimientos de impotencia, bienestar subjetivo, autoestima, soledad y espiritualidad. El estrés, una percepción negativa de la úlcera venosa, vivir solo y la experiencia severa de síntomas como dolor y depresión tienen asociaciones estadísticamente significativas con periodos más prolongados de curación. Conclusión: La depresión es uno de los factores psicológicos medido y presente con mayor frecuencia en esta población. La evidencia disponible frente a la asociación de los factores psicosociales con la curación de úlceras venosas es escasa.


Assuntos
Úlcera Varicosa , Psicologia , Cicatrização , Enfermagem , Emoções
2.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 28: e51821, jan.-dez. 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1117686

RESUMO

Objetivo: compreender a vivência do enfrentamento e repercussões da COVID-19, na percepção de mulheres em tratamento oncológico. Método: estudo qualitativo, do tipo ação-participante, fundamentado no Itinerário de Pesquisa de Paulo Freire, que possui três fases: Investigação Temática; Codificação e Descodificação; Desvelamento Crítico. Foi realizado Círculo de Cultura virtual, com a participação de 12 mulheres em tratamento do câncer de mama, de diferentes localidades do Brasil. Resultados: no Círculo de Cultura virtual discutiram dois temas: desafios no enfrentamento do câncer e da COVID-19; aprendizados gerados nessa vivência, considerando um renascimento das próprias cinzas. Considerações finais: o momento pandêmico tem instigado reflexões sobre o viver. Assim, as mulheres em tratamento oncológico e também em restrição social puderam expressar seus sentimentos, descobrindo e redescobrindo fragilidades e fortalezas para ressignificar e crescer como seres, em uma sociedade, que pode e deve articular estratégias para promoção da saúde.


Objective: to understand the experience of coping with COVID-19, as perceived by women undergoing cancer treatment. Method: qualitative, participatory action research based on the three phases of Paulo Freire's Research Itinerary: Thematic Investigation; Coding and Decoding; and Critical Unveiling. A Culture Circle was held online with 12 women from different places in Brazil undergoing breast cancer treatment. Results: in the virtual Culture Circle, they discussed two themes: challenges in coping with cancer and COVID-10; and learning generated in that experience, with a view to rebirth from their own ashes. Final considerations: the pandemic has prompted thinking about living. Accordingly, women undergoing cancer treatment and also under social restrictions were able to express their feelings, and in discovering and rediscovering weaknesses and strengths, to resignify themselves and to grow in a society that can and should deploy strategies for health promotion.


Objetivo: comprender la experiencia de afrontamiento del COVID-19, según la perciben las mujeres en tratamiento oncológico. Método: investigación-acción cualitativa y participativa basada en las tres fases del Itinerario de Investigación de Paulo Freire: Investigación Temática; Codificación y decodificación; y revelación crítica. Se realizó un Círculo Cultural en línea con 12 mujeres de diferentes lugares de Brazil sometidas a tratamiento contra el cáncer de mama. Resultados: en el Círculo de Cultura virtual se discutieron dos temas: desafíos en el afrontamiento del cáncer y COVID-10; y el aprendizaje generado en esa experiencia, con miras a renacer de sus propias cenizas. Consideraciones finales: la pandemia ha llevado a pensar en vivir. En consecuencia, las mujeres en tratamiento oncológico y también bajo restricciones sociales pudieron expresar sus sentimientos, y al descubrir y redescubrir debilidades y fortalezas, resignificarse y crecer en una sociedad que puede y debe desplegar estrategias de promoción de la salud.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias da Mama/psicologia , Adaptação Psicológica , Quarentena/psicologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Promoção da Saúde , Aprendizagem , Brasil , Processo Saúde-Doença , Telemedicina , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Emoções , Acontecimentos que Mudam a Vida
3.
Pediatr Crit Care Med ; 21(10): 912-913, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33009307

Assuntos
Emoções , Humanos
4.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 4525, 2020 09 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32913209

RESUMO

To date we know little about natural emotion word repertoires, and whether or how they are associated with emotional functioning. Principles from linguistics suggest that the richness or diversity of individuals' actively used emotion vocabularies may correspond with their typical emotion experiences. The current investigation measures active emotion vocabularies in participant-generated natural speech and examined their relationships to individual differences in mood, personality, and physical and emotional well-being. Study 1 analyzes stream-of-consciousness essays by 1,567 college students. Study 2 analyzes public blogs written by over 35,000 individuals. The studies yield consistent findings that emotion vocabulary richness corresponds broadly with experience. Larger negative emotion vocabularies correlate with more psychological distress and poorer physical health. Larger positive emotion vocabularies correlate with higher well-being and better physical health. Findings support theories linking language use and development with lived experience and may have future clinical implications pending further research.


Assuntos
Emoções , Saúde Mental , Estudantes/psicologia , Vocabulário , Adolescente , Estado de Consciência , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores Sexuais , Fala , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Redação , Adulto Jovem
5.
Nutrients ; 12(10)2020 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32987773

RESUMO

Emotional eating (EE) is prevalent among women and is associated with obesity. The coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic and mandatory quarantine increased the risk of mental symptoms and, inferentially, emotional eating (EE). We investigated the EE prevalence and predictors during this pandemic. Overall, 638 women, ages 18-39, completed an online survey incorporating the Emotional Eating Scale, Perceived Stress Scale, Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 Scale, Patient Health Questionnaire-9, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, and Global Physical Activity Questionnaire. We asked about nutrition and collected data on weight, height, and pandemic responses. Most respondents (47.2%) reported low EE; 40.4% were "moderate" and 12.4% "high" emotional eaters; 42.8% reported depression, 27% anxiety, 71% moderate stress, and 12.5% severe stress. The main EE indicators/predictors were fat intake (ß = 0.192, p = 0.004), number of meals (ß = 0.187, p < 0.001), sugar consumption (ß = 0.150, p < 0.001), body mass index (ß = 0.149, p < 0.001), stress (ß = 0.143, p = 0.004), energy intake (ß = 0.134, p = 0.04), and fast food intake frequency (ß = 0.111, p < 0.01). EE score correlated negatively with increased family income (ß = -0.081, p = 0.049). Higher stress correlated with worse sleep, less sleep, and less physical activity. Emotional eating is common among young Saudi women during the pandemic. We recommend healthy food choices and increased physical activity to improve sleep and mitigate stress.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Dieta Saudável/psicologia , Emoções , Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos/epidemiologia , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Quarentena/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Ansiedade/psicologia , Betacoronavirus , Inquéritos sobre Dietas , Ingestão de Alimentos/psicologia , Comportamento Alimentar/psicologia , Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Arábia Saudita/epidemiologia , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Adulto Jovem
6.
Ther Umsch ; 77(7): 289-296, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32996428

RESUMO

The Discovery of Insulin Abstract. The initiative for the work that led to the discovery of insulin in Toronto in 1921 came from Frederik G. Banting. He worked under the direction of John J. R. Macleod in the Institute of Physiology at the University of Toronto. In his experimental program he was assisted by the student Charles H. Best. On dogs with experimental diabetes they demonstrated the blood sugar-lowering effect of pancreatic extracts. Thanks to collaboration with Macleod and James B. Collip, a biochemist from the University of Alberta who was on sabbatical in Toronto, the work was quickly crowned with success and the first clinical applications of the extracts became possible in early 1922. As early as 1923, Banting and Macleod were awarded the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine. Banting shared his half of the prize with Best, while Macleod shared his half with Collip. That their research was crowned with success is probably due in large part to Banting's abilities as a surgeon, Best's enthusiasm as a student, Collip's abilities as a biochemist and Macleod's prudence in bringing the group together and providing it with the necessary resources. In the 1950s, important advances were made in insulin research that were to spur further research in diabetology. These included the clarification of insulin structure and the possibility of measuring insulin in the blood. These two discoveries were awarded the Nobel Prize for Chemistry (see Kasten 1). In the 1960s-70s, insulin manufacturers developed ever better purification methods, which eventually led to preparations with very good tolerability and only very rare allergies. Later, in the 1980s, the possibility of biotechnological production of insulin led to an ever-increasing spread of human insulin. Based on the same technology, insulin analogues were produced in the 1990s and then in the new millennium, which, as "designer insulins" so to speak, enabled new clinically interesting active profiles. Today's variety of available insulins, modern forms of insulin application (insulin pens, insulin pumps) and blood glucose self-monitoring or continuous glucose monitoring form the basis of modern intensive insulin therapy.


Assuntos
Automonitorização da Glicemia , Insulina , Animais , Glicemia , Cães , Emoções , Humanos , Prêmio Nobel
7.
Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol ; 253: 148-153, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32866858

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE(S): to evaluate the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on infertile couples' emotions, anxiety and future plans. STUDY DESIGN: An observational study was perfomed by Italian ART centers and online forums. In this study, infertile couples candidate to ART and whose treatment was blocked due to the COVID-19 lockdown were enrolled through an online survey. The psychological impact of COVID-19 was measured by Impact of Event Scale-Revised (IES-R) and by a short form of the Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI); Self-perceived anxiety related either to pregnancy safety and to economic crisis measured by VAS scale. RESULTS: 627 patients completed the survey. The COVID-19 lock-down had a moderate/severe psychological impact on infertile patients (mean IES-R score 36.4 ± 16.6). The mean STAI score was 49.8 ± 15.3, with an overall incidence of STAI > 36 of 71 %. The mean VAS scale for anxiety perception was 45.3 ± 15.3. Women were more emotionally distressed, anxious and depressed than men (36.8 ± 16.4 vs 31.0 ± 18.4 for IES-R, respectively; p = 0.03). Notwithstanding the uncertainty about pregnancy safety, 64.6 % of respondents chose to maintain their reproductive programme. Economic crisis induced 11.5 % of the surveyed patients to give up their ART program. Respondents who had at least one relative affected by COVID-19 had a significantly higher IES-R score and anxiety VAS, but not higher STAI scores, than patients belonging to unaffected families. CONCLUSION(S): COVID-19 pandemic itself and the recommendation to stop ART program generated higher distress levels in infertile couples. The psychological impact of COVID-19 pandemic in infertility patients should not be underestimated, and a specific psychological support should be planned.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Infertilidade/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Quarentena/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia , Adulto , Ansiedade/psicologia , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Emoções , Feminino , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Gravidez , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/prevenção & controle , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/psicologia , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/virologia , Técnicas de Reprodução Assistida/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32967163

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has caused substantial panic worldwide since its outbreak in December 2019. This study uses social networks to track the evolution of public emotion during COVID-19 in China and analyzes the root causes of these public emotions from an event-driven perspective. METHODS: A dataset was constructed using microblogs (n = 125,672) labeled with COVID-19-related super topics (n = 680) from 40,891 users from 1 December 2019 to 17 February 2020. Based on the skeleton and key change points of COVID-19 extracted from microblogging contents, we tracked the public's emotional evolution modes (accumulated emotions, emotion covariances, and emotion transitions) by time phase and further extracted the details of dominant social events. RESULTS: Public emotions showed different evolution modes during different phases of COVID-19. Events about the development of COVID-19 remained hot, but generally declined, and public attention shifted to other aspects of the epidemic (e.g., encouragement, support, and treatment). CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that the public's feedback on COVID-19 predated official accounts on the microblog platform. There were clear differences in the trending events that large users (users with many fans and readings) and common users paid attention to during each phase of COVID-19.


Assuntos
Blogging/estatística & dados numéricos , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Coronavirus , Emoções , Armazenamento e Recuperação da Informação/métodos , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Mídias Sociais/estatística & dados numéricos , Betacoronavirus , China , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Humanos , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia
9.
Exp Psychol ; 67(3): 194-201, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32900297

RESUMO

Complex scenes from standardized stimuli databases such as the International Affective Picture System (IAPS) are organized dimensionally rather than discretely. Further, the potentially unique function of socially relevant scenes is often overlooked. This study sought to identify discrete categories of complex scenes from the IAPS and to explore if there were qualitative features that make the emotional content of some social scenes identifiable with higher levels of agreement. One hundred and three participants (53.4% female, mean age 24.4) judged 118 IAPS scenes as reflecting fear, happy, sad, or neutral. A second judgment study was conducted with a separate group of participants (N = 117; 79.2% female; mean age 30.41) to further characterize valid affective scenes across the full range of basic emotions. Sixty images received agreement on their emotional category from >70% of judges and were considered valid. IAPS identifier codes for these images are available for reference (along with the supplementary material from the second judgment study), organized by emotional and social content. An incidental observation was such that compared to nonsocial scenes, lower agreement rates were observed for social scenes across the board. Qualitative features of social scenes that were classified into emotional categories based on higher levels of agreement are discussed.


Assuntos
Emoções/fisiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
10.
Anticancer Res ; 40(10): 5583-5592, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32988882

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: In oncological settings, high-quality decision-making takes place when an adaptive pattern of cognitive and behavioural processes occurs, potentially limiting post-decisional regret and leading to an increment of adherence to the final decision. An example of a choice that requires a patient's involvement in the decision-making during cancer treatment occurs when the insertion of Central Vascular Access Device (CVAD) is proposed for chemotherapy administration. The aim of the current study was to develop and evaluate the psychometric properties of an Italian version of the Decisional Conflict Scale (DCS), including its factorial structure and its accuracy in discriminating the level of uncertainty in a sample of cancer patients during their decision-making process for the insertion of a CVAD for intravenous (IV) chemotherapy administration. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 264 cancer patients with different diagnoses. To test the structural and psychometric properties of the Italian version of the DCS (DCS-ITA), exploratory factorial analysis was conducted followed by traditional classical test theory assessments of internal reliability and criterion validity. RESULTS: The Italian version of the DCS (DCS-ITA) demonstrated good internal consistency, acceptable construct validity, which was tested with exploratory factorial analysis, and good criterion validity, demonstrated by the ability of the scale to differentiate between patients who declared themselves certain about their choice and patients expressing uncertainty about the choice to make. CONCLUSION: Overall, the results of the study showed that the DCS-ITA is a psychometrically sound instrument that easily discriminates between patients who are experiencing a decisional conflict and those who are not. The DCS-ITA can be used as a valid and easy-to-use tool for the screening of the decisional conflict in oncological settings.


Assuntos
Tomada de Decisões , Neoplasias/psicologia , Psicometria , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Cateteres Venosos Centrais/efeitos adversos , Emoções , Feminino , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Neoplasias/patologia , Neoplasias/terapia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Incerteza
11.
Med Sci Monit ; 26: e924994, 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32869770

RESUMO

BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to explore the emotional resilience of middle school students learning at home in February and March 2020 during the COVID-19 pandemic, and the impact of this resilience on students' learning management skills. The results could provide a basis for psychological health education of middle school students during major life events. MATERIAL AND METHODS This study used a survey to explore emotional resilience and learning management abilities in middle school students (N=896) from February 10, 2020, to March 22, 2020. Students used online e-learning during this period due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Data were analyzed using t-testing, Pearson's correlation, and multivariate linear regression. RESULTS The results indicate that emotional resilience was significantly lower in eighth grade students than in seventh grade students (t=1.98, P<0.05) and negative emotional recovery increased during the study period. Emotional resilience was positively correlated with learning management skills (r=0.498, P<0.01), and positive emotional ability predicted learning management skills. CONCLUSIONS The study findings indicate that in the face of major life events, emotional resilience is an important factor for the mental health of adolescents and improves coping ability. Cultivating positive emotions can improve learning efficiency.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Educação a Distância , Emoções , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Resiliência Psicológica , Estresse Psicológico/etiologia , Estudantes/psicologia , Habilidades para Realização de Testes , Adaptação Psicológica , Adolescente , Criança , China , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
12.
Med Sci Monit ; 26: e925591, 2020 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32917849

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Beginning in the 2020 spring semester, due to the COVID-19 pandemic, all school-age children in China were homeschooled via live/recorded broadcasts, online group communication, and software-based homework submission. This study assessed the effects of and proper preparation for this educational approach. MATERIAL AND METHODS The homeschooling behaviors and feelings of school-age children were assessed with 2010 online surveys obtained separately from students, parents, and teachers of grades 1-9 in 15 Chinese provinces. Answers were compared among low- (grades 1-3), middle- (grades 4-6), and high- (grades 7-9) grade groups. The chi-square test was used to identify significant differences between groups. RESULTS We found that 76% of the respondents thought the homeschooling style was acceptable. However, teachers were concerned that students' interest, focus, and academic performance would decline. Sixty-nine percent of the parents reported their children had more than 3 hours of daily screen time, and 82% of students had less than 2 hours of daily outdoor activity. Ninety-five percent of the parents were concerned about their children's eyesight. Additionally, 17.6% of the students were suspected to have emotional or behavioral problems according to the parent-rated Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) results. The Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) results of parents and teachers showed higher levels of anxiety than usual. CONCLUSIONS Students should continue the going-to-school rhythm at home to cope with changes caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. Integrated grade-specific approaches are needed. Because long screen time and insufficient outdoor activities can severely affect children's eyesight, appropriate eye-protection measures should be implemented.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Educação a Distância , Pandemias , Pais/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Professores Escolares/psicologia , Estudantes/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Criança , Transtornos do Comportamento Infantil/etiologia , Emoções , Feminino , Humanos , Relações Interpessoais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Psicologia da Criança , Quarentena/psicologia , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/etiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Transtornos da Visão/etiologia
13.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 40(5): 624-631, 2020 May 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32897206

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of chronic emotional stimulation induced by empty bottle stimulation on CXCL12/CXCR4-mediated inflammatory response in rats with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). METHODS: Rat models of anxiety were established by a 21-day stimulation with uncertain empty bottle drinking water, and myocardial infarction was induced by ligating the left anterior descending branch of the coronary artery; compound models were established by performing myocardial infarction operation on the 15th day of anxiety modeling. The rats were randomly divided into 4 groups: shamoperated group (n=6), myocardial infarction group (n=6), compound model group (with myocardial infarcted and anxiety; n= 6), and inhibitor group (compound models treated daily with 1 mg/kg AMD3100 for 6 days; n=7). Echocardiography was used to examine the LVEF and LVFS to evaluate the cardiac function of the rats. Elevated maze test and open field test were used to evaluate the behaviors of the rats. The expressions of CXCL12, CXCR4, IL-1ß, IL-18 and neutrophil active protease (NE) in the myocardial tissues and blood samples were detected with ELISA and immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: The LVEF and LVFS were lower in the compound model group than in the sham group and myocardial infarction group (P < 0.05), and were higher in inhibitor group than in the compound model group (P < 0.05). LVID; d and LVID; s were lower in the inhibitor group than in the compound model group (P < 0.05). Compared to those in the sham group and myocardial infarction group, the rats in the compound model group more obviously preferred to stay in the closed arm (P < 0.05) in EPM; the rats in the inhibitor group had more times of entering and staying in the open arm than the compound model rats (P < 0.05); the horizontal and vertical movements were less in the compound model rats than in those in the sham group and the myocardial infarction group (P < 0.05) in OFT, and the vertical movement of the rats in inhibitor group was higher than those in the compound model group (P < 0.05). The expression of CXCR4 in the marginal zone of myocardial infarction was significantly higher in the compound model group than in the sham-operated group, myocardial infarction group and inhibitor group (P < 0.05). The expressions of IL-1ß, IL-18 and NE in the inhibitor group were significantly lower than those in the compound model group (P < 0.05). Compared with at in the sham-operated group, the number of Nissl bodies in the compound model group decreased significantly (P < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Chronic emotional stress induced by empty bottle stimulation can lead to dysfunction of the CXCL12/CXCR4 axis, which causes inflammatory cascade after myocardial infarction to worsen myocardial cell necrosis, cardiac function and hippocampal neuronal damage after the infarction.


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio , Angústia Psicológica , Animais , Quimiocina CXCL12 , Vasos Coronários , Emoções , Miocárdio , Ratos , Receptores CXCR4 , Transdução de Sinais
14.
Cuad Bioet ; 31(102): 203-222, 2020.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32910672

RESUMO

The crisis in the health system caused by COVID-19 has left some important humanitarian deficits on how to care for the sick in their last days of life. The humanization of the dying process has been affected in three fundamental aspects, each of which constitutes a medical and ethical duty necessary. In this study, I analyze why dying accompanied, with the possibility of saying goodbye and receiving spiritual assistance, constitutes a specific triad of care and natural obligations that should not be overlooked - even in times of health crisis - if we do not want to see human dignity violated and violated some fundamental rights derived from it.


Assuntos
Atitude Frente a Morte , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Espiritualidade , Assistência Terminal/ética , Desumanização , Emoções , Humanos , Relações Interpessoais , Obrigações Morais , Cuidados Paliativos , Conforto do Paciente , Isolamento de Pacientes/ética , Direitos do Paciente , Pessoalidade , Papel do Médico , Religião , Assistência Terminal/métodos , Assistência Terminal/psicologia , Visitas a Pacientes
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32867313

RESUMO

Since the initiation of the COVID-19 lockdown, Italian parents have been forced to manage their children at home. The present study aimed at investigating the psychological distress of parents during the lockdown, identifying contributing factors. An online survey was administered to 833 participants from 3 to 15 April 2020. Mediation and moderated mediation models were run to explore the association between parent neuroticism and parent distress, mediated by child hyperactivity-inattention and child emotional symptoms, and the moderating effect of living only with child(ren) on the direct and indirect effects of parent neuroticism on parent distress. For parents living only with child(ren), high levels of psychological distress depended exclusively on their levels of neuroticism. For parents living with at least one other person in addition to child(ren), distress levels were also mediated by child behavioral and emotional difficulties. Motherhood emerged as a significant factor contributing to greater distress. Furthermore, parent psychological distress decreased in line with increased child age. The results confirm that neuroticism is an important risk factor for mental health. Preventive measures should be primarily target multicomponent families with younger children and directed towards parents who are already known to present emotional instability and to parents of children who have received local mental health assistance for behavioral and/or emotional difficulties.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Família , Pais/psicologia , Personalidade , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Angústia Psicológica , Betacoronavirus , Criança , Emoções , Humanos , Pandemias , Comportamento Problema
16.
Ther Umsch ; 77(6): 236-238, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32930080

RESUMO

The sociolinguistic meaning of hand and nerves and their emotional expression Abstract. This article on the sociolinguistic occurrence of the hand and nerves in our everyday language reveals that the German language has a rich repertoire of metaphors and proverbs referring to fingers, hands, arms and nerves, expressing our feelings including pain. There are - on the one hand - not only plenty of expressions and phrases describing the physical purpose of the upper extremity, but - on the other hand - also countless metaphorical terms related to psychological, emotional or social contents. In contrast to medical terminology, everyday language does not hesitate to name the psychosocial dimension of things - High five!


Assuntos
Emoções , Metáfora
17.
Cien Saude Colet ; 25(9): 3481-3491, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32876271

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to understand how men's feelings and emotions contribute to the Covid-19 framing in Brazil. METHOD: Asocial-historical, qualitative study, carried out with 200 men resident in Brazil, through online search on digital platform.The grasped data were analyzed by the Collective Subject Discourse method in the light of the reference of epidemic disease proposed by Charles Rosemberg. RESULTS: Negative feelings and anxiety prevailed due to the knowledge about the growing number of hospitalized patients and deaths from the pandemic conveyed in the news. For men, the optimism is necessary to encourage attitudes with responsibility and trust that the crisis will be overcome.Subsequently, men present a set of attitudes and behaviors for coping with the pandemic.Moreover,the acceptance signals the emergence of the fourth dramaturgical act of the Covid-19framing. CONCLUSION: Men's feelings and emotions, in this historic context, pervade three of the four acts of the Covid-19 framingin Brazil.


Assuntos
Adaptação Psicológica , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Homens/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Atitude Frente a Saúde , Brasil , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Emoções , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
18.
Psychiatr Danub ; 32(Suppl 1): 83-87, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32890369

RESUMO

The morphological transformations that occur during adolescence with rapid rhythm have an unprecedented psychological resonance and it is of fundamental importance to understand the way in which they are lived, perceived and elaborated.These fast body changes and the related social pressures make young people paying more attention to their physical appearance. Among the changes that the adolescent must face are: accepting their own body, acquiring a social role, establishing new relationships with peers,achieving emotional independence from parents. All of this is not always easy and many times they face a so difficult path that can produce the onset of some mental pathologies. Typical disorders that adolescents can face are the ones related to food. In these pathologies there is an isolation of the soul which corresponds to an alienation from the body: what remains in this loneliness is the gap between the idealized body and the objectified body. In this process of identity determination the idealized body is not able to relate to the real body (Cuzzolaro 2017). The dimension of their own body and the ability to meet the other bodies in the world are compromised; the only possible knowledge is represented by the impoverishment of their own subjectivity and by the attempt to recover it at an abstract level. Adolescents live in a condition of temporal suspension: the future is compromised and the past is demonized; what remains is a present moment made eternal by an indefinitely suspended instant (Juli 2018). Too fat for the anorexic, repulsive for binge eating; Merleau-Ponty already in 1945 expressed the concept of corporeality by using the following simple and very effective statement: "I am my body". This statement highlights the centrality of the body, of the person and his/her identity; this aspects are highly conflicting and, at the same time, pathologically united, in eating disorders.


Assuntos
Imagem Corporal , Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos , Adolescente , Emoções , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
19.
Psychiatr Danub ; 32(Suppl 1): 180-187, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32890387

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this paper is to explore the network structures of alexithymia components and compare results with relevant prior literature. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: In a large sample of university students, undirected and directed network structures of items from the Bermond Vorst Alexithymia Questionnaire form B are estimated with state-of-the-art network analysis and structure learning tools. Centrality estimates are used to address the topic of item redundancy and select relevant alexithymia components to study. RESULTS: Alexithymia components present positive as well as negative connections; poor fantasy and emotional insight are identified as central items in the network. CONCLUSIONS: The undirected network structure of alexithymia components reports new features with respect to prior literature, and the directed network structures offers new insight on the construct.


Assuntos
Sintomas Afetivos , Fantasia , Aprendizado de Máquina , Emoções , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários
20.
PLoS One ; 15(9): e0238217, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32881887

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Healthcare professionals (HCPs) on the front lines against COVID-19 may face increased workload and stress. Understanding HCPs' risk for burnout is critical to supporting HCPs and maintaining the quality of healthcare during the pandemic. METHODS: To assess exposure, perceptions, workload, and possible burnout of HCPs during the COVID-19 pandemic we conducted a cross-sectional survey. The main outcomes and measures were HCPs' self-assessment of burnout, indicated by a single item measure of emotional exhaustion, and other experiences and attitudes associated with working during the COVID-19 pandemic. FINDINGS: A total of 2,707 HCPs from 60 countries participated in this study. Fifty-one percent of HCPs reported burnout. Burnout was associated with work impacting household activities (RR = 1·57, 95% CI = 1·39-1·78, P<0·001), feeling pushed beyond training (RR = 1·32, 95% CI = 1·20-1·47, P<0·001), exposure to COVID-19 patients (RR = 1·18, 95% CI = 1·05-1·32, P = 0·005), and making life prioritizing decisions (RR = 1·16, 95% CI = 1·02-1·31, P = 0·03). Adequate personal protective equipment (PPE) was protective against burnout (RR = 0·88, 95% CI = 0·79-0·97, P = 0·01). Burnout was higher in high-income countries (HICs) compared to low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) (RR = 1·18; 95% CI = 1·02-1·36, P = 0·018). INTERPRETATION: Burnout is present at higher than previously reported rates among HCPs working during the COVID-19 pandemic and is related to high workload, job stress, and time pressure, and limited organizational support. Current and future burnout among HCPs could be mitigated by actions from healthcare institutions and other governmental and non-governmental stakeholders aimed at potentially modifiable factors, including providing additional training, organizational support, and support for family, PPE, and mental health resources.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Atitude , Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia , Países Desenvolvidos/estatística & dados numéricos , Países em Desenvolvimento/estatística & dados numéricos , Emoções , Pessoal de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Pandemias , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários
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