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1.
Psychiatr Hung ; 34(3): 266-279, 2019.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570658

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The Inventory of Callous-Unemotional Traits (ICU) is one of the most widely used measures of psychopathic traits in children. Callous-unemotional (CU) traits designate an important subgroup of antisocial youth characterized by lack of empathy, guilt and remorse. The aim of the present study was to test the applicability and reliability of the self-reported ICU in a high-risk sample of adolescent boys. METHODS: Participants were 202 adolescent boys (mean age: 16.63 years; SD = 1.71) from institutional care facilities and juvenile detention centres. Confirmatory factor analyses (CFA) were conducted to investigate the factor structure of the ICU. In addition, MIMIC modelling (CFA with covariates) was applied to test the convergent validity of the ICU scores by examining relationships with externalizing symptoms (including conduct problems, hyperactivity-inattention, proactive-reactive aggression), and prosocial behaviour. RESULTS: We observed that the bifactor model with three correlated specific factors (callousness, uncaring and unemotional) and one general CU traits factor provided the best fit to the data. However, similar to previous studies, low internal consistency was found for the unemotional scale. In line with our expectations, CU traits showed positive associations with externalizing symptoms, and negative associations with prosocial behaviour. CONCLUSION: The ICU is a reliable and valid measure of callous-unemotional traits. Our results support the application of the Hungarian version of the questionnaire.


Assuntos
Transtorno da Personalidade Antissocial/diagnóstico , Transtorno da Personalidade Antissocial/psicologia , Emoções , Psicometria , Adolescente , Humanos , Hungria , Masculino , Inventário de Personalidade/normas , Psicometria/normas , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Risco , Autorrelato
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(36): e16692, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31490361

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To ascertain bereavement practices offered by hospitals and medical practitioners (MPs), factors that influence the likelihood of MPs' involvement in funeral attendance, the benefits and barriers to attendance to a patient's funeral as perceived by MPs and the rate of attendance to patients' funeral by MPs. DESIGN: MEDLINE (Ovid), Embase, PubMed, and Google Scholar were searched with a systematic search structure for randomized controlled trials, comparative observational studies, case series, cross-sectional studies, editorials, and letters. The search was limited to English only. The study was registered with Prospero (Registration Number: CRD42018095368). RESULTS: A total of 381 articles were identified with 46 articles meeting the inclusion criteria. Of the 46, 16 were editorials and 12 were letters. Eighteen were cross-sectional studies conducted in the United States, Canada, Australia, Israel, and Ireland. Year of publication ranged from 1990 to 2017. Of these, 12 were quantitative, 3 were qualitative, and 3 were mixed-method studies. Two of the cross-sectional studies involved family members of deceased patients while others involved MPs. Bereavement practices offered by hospitals included memorial services, letters, and services provided by bereavement coordinators. Bereavement practices employed by MPs included answering or making phone calls, attending family meetings, and sending condolence letters. MPs' attendance at a patient's funeral was influenced by MPs' gender, age years of experience the medical specialty. Perceived benefits of MPs' attendance at a patient's funeral included providing support to the family, extending the professional relationship, illustrating respect to the patient and the family, resolving guilt and personal growth. Barriers to the attendance included a lack of time, blurring of professional boundaries, personal discomfort with death, emotional arousal, and discouragement by colleagues. General practice had an attendance rate of 71%. Attendance rates for palliative care, oncology, and psychiatrists ranged from 63% to 81%, 7.1% to 67%, and 15% to 67%, respectively. Intensivists had an attendance rate of 22%. CONCLUSION: Several bereavement practices are provided by hospitals and MPs. Funeral attendance is an uncommon bereavement practice. MPs' attitudes toward attending a patient's funeral are understudied in many specialties. Patient factors that influence MPs' participation in bereavement practices are poorly understood.


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Luto , Rituais Fúnebres , Profissionalismo/normas , Fatores Etários , Estudos Transversais , Emoções , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Relações Profissional-Paciente , Fatores Sexuais , Fatores de Tempo
3.
Prax Kinderpsychol Kinderpsychiatr ; 68(6): 503-524, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31480946

RESUMO

Differences in Conflict-Based Play Behavior, Socio-Emotional and Cognitive Development of Preterm Children Compared to Full-Term Children at Preschool Age Preterm children are at increased risk for socio-emotional and cognitive developmental difficulties at preschool age. This study investigates whether preterm children (n = 50) at the age of five years show different socio-emotional competencies in conflict situations and in the corresponding conflict resolution capacity in comparison to full-term children (n = 50). For this purpose, the MacArthur Story Stem Battery was used as the central examination method. In addition, parents completed the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire to obtain information about the children's behavior; moreover, the Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence - Third Edition was applied to examine cognitive development. The parental reports did not reveal any behavioral differences between preterm and term children. However, significant group differences regarding their play behavior were detected. In their narratives, preterm children included content themes of interpersonal conflict and dysregulation more frequently compared to term born controls. Concerning empathic and moral themes and narrative coherence, no group difference could be detected. This could indicate that preterm children show no clinically manifest behavioral disorders at preschool age, but differences concerning intrapsychic experience compared to controls. In addition, preterm children had significantly lower IQ scores than term-born controls. Gestational age was a significant predictor of IQ and hyperactivity and attention problems. The results clarify the need for long term clinical follow up of preterm children and should be used to provide more specific care and support.


Assuntos
Comportamento Infantil/psicologia , Cognição , Emoções , Recém-Nascido Prematuro/psicologia , Comportamento Social , Pré-Escolar , Idade Gestacional , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Testes de Inteligência , Escalas de Wechsler
4.
Prax Kinderpsychol Kinderpsychiatr ; 68(6): 540-554, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31480949

RESUMO

German Military Families: A Qualitative Inquiry of Strategies of Coping with the Fathers' Absence Military families with experiences of deployment are subject to multiple stressors. In this research an explorative qualitative design was used to identify specific challenges, resources and strategies of coping within the families, focusing on the children's perspective. Results show that the fathers' absence causes vital changes in the family system, which demand specific strategies to deal with the abrupt emotional and social challenges. Four of these coping strategies will be presented in this article. Furthermore, resources embedded in the social environment as well as supportive structures provided by the German military will be discussed. Two hypotheses were formulated to outline the findings that the preparation for a deployment as well as patterns of communication about the father's absence are the most crucial factors for the children's resilience in the case of military families.


Assuntos
Adaptação Psicológica , Pai , Família Militar/psicologia , Criança , Emoções , Humanos , Masculino , Pesquisa Qualitativa
5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(37): e16724, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31517811

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Empirical studies indicated that job-related stress is threatening the well-being of Nigerian public workers. The objective of this investigation was to examine the impact of REOHC for improving work-stress management among Staff of Nigeria Police Force in southeast Nigeria. METHOD: This is a pretest-posttest control group design study with follow-up. A total of 63 Nigerian police officers (randomized into one of 2 groups: n = 32 for treatment group, n = 31 for waitlist control group) completed the study. Two self-report questionnaire measuring organizational and operational stressors associated with police general well-being were used as outcome measures. The intervention group received a 12-week REBC manual intervention. The intervention and waitlisted groups were evaluated at 3-time points: Time1, Time2, and Time3. Statistical analyses were achieved using repeated-measures ANOVA. RESULTS: Results showed that there was no significant difference between the REOHC group and waiting-list control group in initial work-related stress management among staff of Nigerian Police Force. REOHC program had a significant effect on work-related stress management among staff of Nigerian Police Force when compared to their counterparts in the waiting-list control group. CONCLUSION: Therefore, REOHC program is a time-effective treatment approach for improving work-stress management among Staff of Nigeria Police Force in southeast Nigeria.


Assuntos
Tutoria , Saúde do Trabalhador , Estresse Ocupacional/prevenção & controle , Polícia , Adulto , Gerenciamento Clínico , Emoções , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nigéria , Polícia/psicologia , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Z Gerontol Geriatr ; 52(6): 539-545, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31506819

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Family caregivers are important players in both inpatient and domestic healthcare. As a result of increasing mobility many also perform care over geographical distances. OBJECTIVE: The article highlights the opportunities and challenges of distance caregiving from a distance caregivers' perspective. Data were collected as part of the binational research and development project on distance caregiving, which investigated various dimensions of distance caregiving with an interdisciplinary team from Germany (Protestant University Ludwigsburg) and Switzerland (Careum University of Applied Sciences Zurich). To date empirical results exist mainly for the Anglo-American region. This study provides hitherto lacking empirical findings for Germany and Switzerland. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was based on 49 guideline-based, partially narrative interviews (Germany: N = 35; Switzerland: N = 14) with distance caregivers, who at the time of data collection were caring for a person at least 60 years old. The software-supported data analysis (MAXQDA 10) was carried out using deductive and inductive structuring content analysis according to Mayring. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Distance caregivers provide substantial and diverse care and support tasks. A central challenge is the lack of up to date and reliable information regarding the care situation. This may lead to emotional strain; however, distance also results in relief for caregivers. A functioning network including well-defined agreements and transparent communication is crucial.


Assuntos
Cuidadores , Emoções , Telemedicina , Equilíbrio Trabalho-Vida , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Alemanha , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Suíça
8.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31495109

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the situation and influential factors of the job burnout among the nurses in Guangzhou, China. Methods: In April 2017, 166 nurses from 8 hospitals in Guangzhou were surveyed by applying the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) to investigate their Emotion Exhaustion (EE) , Depersonalization (DP) and Personal Accomplishment (PA) , and applying Simplified Coping Style Questionnaire (SCSQ) to examine negative coping style and positive coping style based on group random sampling. Results: The nurses exhibited moderate burnout on both EE and DP, as well as severe burnout on PA. Compared with the nurses in the general hospitals, the nurses in the occupational disease hospital had lower scores on both EE and DP (t=-7.305, -3.442, P<0.01) , and they had higher scores on PA (t=2.597, P<0.05) . The married nurses had higher scores on EE (t=2.988, P<0.01) . The nurses in the disinfection supply department had higher scores on EE and lower scores on PA than the nurses in other departments (t=3.788, -3.990, P<0.01) . There was a significant difference on EE between different working age groups (F=3.225, P<0.01) . 6-10 years and 21-25 years of working age had higher scores on EE. Positive coping was negatively correlated with DP (r=-0.190) , and it positively correlated with PA (r=0.323) . Negative coping was positively correlated with both EE and DP (r=0.389, 0.293) .Hospitals types, negative coping style and positive coping style both entered the regression equation for EE (R(2)=0.368, P<0.01) and the regression equation for DP (R(2)=0.199, P<0.01) . Positive coping style and department types entered the regression equation for PA (R(2)=0.201, P<0.01) . Conclusion: Nurses in Guangzhou got moderate level on both EE and DP, lower level on PA. Hospitals types, department types, marital status, working ages and coping style are all the influential factors of job burnout.


Assuntos
Adaptação Psicológica , Esgotamento Profissional , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , China , Despersonalização , Emoções , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários
9.
J Nurs Adm ; 49(9): 423-429, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31436740

RESUMO

The development of a program to integrate an organization's values and culture, Watson's Caring Theory, and personal motivators resulted in transforming nursing theory into practice and a noted improvement in the patient experience. This article will teach the reader how this was accomplished.


Assuntos
Emoções , Relações Enfermeiro-Paciente , Cuidados de Enfermagem/organização & administração , Cuidados de Enfermagem/psicologia , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/psicologia , Cultura Organizacional , Relações Profissional-Família , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos de Enfermagem
10.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 264: 1629-1630, 2019 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31438264

RESUMO

Recent studies have attributed impaired cognitive function in cancer patients, or Cancer Related Cognitive Impairment (CRCI), to various causes. CRCI screening is vital for guiding important decisions about treatment options. This study investigates the emotional Stroop-test-based CRCI screening, examining response time when naming the colors of negative emotional words. Cancer patients (n=17) participated in two tests: (1) the Stroop task; (2) State-Trait Anxiety Inventory. Results suggest that Stroop-based CRCI screening is feasible.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva , Neoplasias , Cognição , Emoções , Humanos , Teste de Stroop
11.
Methodist Debakey Cardiovasc J ; 15(2): 162-163, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31384385

RESUMO

Through the generosity of Charles R. Millikan, DMin, vice president for Spiritual Care and Values Integration, an annual award competition was established at Houston Methodist Hospital among the resident staff. To enter the writing competition, residents must submit a poem or essay of 1,000 words or less on the topic, "On Being a Doctor." A committee of seven was selected from Houston Methodist Hospital Education Institute to establish the judging criteria and select the winning entries. The following is the first-place winning entry for 2019; the second- and third-place entries will be published in the next two issues of this journal.


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Escolha da Profissão , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Obstetrícia , Médicas/psicologia , Mulheres Trabalhadoras/psicologia , Emoções , Feminino , Humanos , Equilíbrio Trabalho-Vida
12.
Behav Brain Sci ; 42: e120, 2019 08 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31407990

RESUMO

The distinction between attackers and defenders might help refine the understanding of the role of emotions in conflicts. Here, we briefly discuss differences between attackers and defenders in terms of appraisals, action tendencies, emotional preferences, and brain activities. Finally, we outline how attackers and defenders may differ in their response to emotion-based interventions that aim to promote conflict resolution.


Assuntos
Emoções
13.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 264: 1031-1035, 2019 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31438081

RESUMO

This study selects the users generated content in diabetes groups of ManYouBang and DailyStrength which are two representative HCQA (Health Communities of Questions and Answers). Theme coding was applied to identify information needs while social network analysis was used to compare Chinese and American HCQA. In theory, we combine Social Network Analysis and content analysis to capture and contrast the pattern of Q&A in HCQA. On the one hand, the core needs of HCQA are "how to treat the disease" and the "diet" theme is closely related to other themes. On the other hand, the Chinese diabetes communities have "question and answer attributes" while the American diabetes communities have both "question and answer attributes" and "social support attributes." In practice, the founding provides enlightenment for the development of HCQA including improving content quality and strengthen emotional connection and disease treatment infrastructure.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , Emoções , Humanos , Estados Unidos
14.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 264: 1164-1168, 2019 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31438108

RESUMO

Perception of emotions and adequate responses are key factors of a successful conversational agent. However, determining emotions in a healthcare setting depends on multiple factors such as context and medical condition. Given the increase of interest in conversational agents integrated in mobile health applications, our objective in this work is to introduce a concept for analyzing emotions and sentiments expressed by a person in a mobile health application with a conversational user interface. The approach bases upon bot technology (Synthetic intelligence markup language) and deep learning for emotion analysis. More specifically, expressions referring to sentiments or emotions are classified along seven categories and three stages of strengths using treebank annotation and recursive neural networks. The classification result is used by the chatbot for selecting an appropriate response. In this way, the concerns of a user can be better addressed. We describe three use cases where the approach could be integrated to make the chatbot emotion-sensitive.


Assuntos
Comunicação , Emoções , Assistência à Saúde , Humanos , Linguagem
15.
Surg Clin North Am ; 99(5): 991-1018, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31446923

RESUMO

How can surgeons deliver compassionate, holistic care to patients who are beyond cure? Interacting emotionally and understanding hope, fear, and spiritual suffering is key. Responsibly reframing hope to underlying meanings, and away from specific outcomes, is critical. Facilitating moves from cure to comfort to a peaceful dying process requires some retooling of the surgical toolbox. Surgeons possess a unique set of skills, including imagination and an undying sense of hope. Surgeons who have the courage to delve into their emotions and sustain realistic hope for their patients, all the way to the end, will reap deep personal and professional rewards.


Assuntos
Emoções , Relações Médico-Paciente , Cirurgiões , Assistência Terminal/psicologia , Morte , Medo , Esperança , Humanos , Religião e Medicina
16.
Sheng Li Xue Bao ; 71(4): 562-574, 2019 Aug 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31440753

RESUMO

The influence of reward on behavior is one of the hottest research subjects in psychological research. Reward-induced motivation promotes the performance of the participants. In the field of emotional processing, the reward can influence the individual's processing of emotional information, but previous studies have not directly discussed the effect of reward on emotional regulation. The present study focused on whether emotional regulation ability would be improved under the reward condition. Experiment 1 and 2 investigated the effect of reward on negative emotional down-regulation and positive emotional up-regulation respectively. In experiment 1, monetary reward stimulation was introduced on the basis of the classic emotion regulation paradigm, and the subjects were asked to regulate their negative emotion under the condition of reward or non-reward, and evaluate their current affective state subsequently. Similar to experiment 1, experiment 2 required subjects to up-regulate positive emotions under the condition of reward or non-reward. The results of experiment 1 showed that under the reward condition, the negative emotional regulation effect was significantly higher than that under the non-reward condition (P < 0.05). Experiment 2 also showed that compared to non-reward condition, the positive emotion regulation effect was significantly increased under the reward condition (P < 0.05). These results suggested that compared to non-reward condition, participants can regulate their emotion better under the condition of the reward. It is worth noting that the results of Experiment 1 and 2 may be caused by the incentive motivation induced by monetary stimulus, or the positive emotion caused by positive value of money information. Therefore, we carried out experiment 3 and 4 to explore whether the positive emotions induced by money itself can influence the emotional regulation of individuals. In experiment 3, the money pictures were used to induce the positive emotions of subjects, and the subjects were asked to regulate their negative emotion after the presence of money pictures or non-monetary picture, and evaluate their current affective state subsequently. Similarly, experiment 4 required subjects to regulate their positive emotion after the presence of money pictures. The results of experiment 3 and 4 showed that there was no significant difference in the subjects' scores of emotional pleasantness after the presence of money pictures or non-monetary picture (P < 0.05). The results of experiment 3 and 4 excluded the possibility that the positive emotions induced by simple money stimulus pictures could improve individual's emotional regulation ability. To sum up, the improvement of individual's emotional regulation ability was indeed driven by reward motivation in this study, that is, the motivation induced by reward can effectively promote individual's emotional regulation ability.


Assuntos
Emoções , Motivação , Recompensa , Humanos
17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(32): e16794, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31393408

RESUMO

To investigate the emotional problems (depressive and anxiety symptoms) of mothers of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and explore the role of the mother's socioeconomic status (SES) and the core symptoms of the child on the mother's emotional problems.This cross-sectional survey was performed in 180 mothers of children with ASD in Chang Sha city of China. The 7-item Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale (GAD-7) and the 9-item Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) were used to assess the anxiety and depressive symptoms of the mothers of the autistic children. The education level and annual family income, as well as occupation, were be selected as components of the mother's SES. Autism Behaviour Checklist (ABC) and Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS) were used for the evaluation of the core symptoms of the children. A general information questionnaire was also used. The ordinal regression was used to examine the effect of the SES and children's core symptoms on maternal emotional problems.The valid response rate was 92.7% (167 of 180 questionnaires were returned). Of the mothers studied, 72.5% and 80.2% had depressive and anxiety symptoms, respectively, and 67.1% suffered from both symptoms. Mother's SES was observed to be unrelated to maternal anxiety symptoms (P >.05). Only 1 component of the SES (junior high school education level) was related to depressive symptoms (OR = 0.31, 95% CI 0.12-0.80). SRS score under 115 (OR = 0.38, 95% CI 0.16-0.93) of autistic children was a protective factor against maternal anxiety symptoms. The borderline and mild behavioral problems (OR = 0.43, 95% CI 0.19-0.99; OR = 0.45, 95% CI 0.22-0.94, respectively) of autistic children were protective factors against maternal depressive symptoms.Mothers of autistic children generally exhibited high levels of anxiety and depressive symptoms. The core symptoms of the autistic children were observed to be strongly associated with both maternal anxiety and depressive symptoms. Improvements in the core symptoms of children with ASD may help reduce maternal anxiety and depressive symptoms to some extent.


Assuntos
Transtorno do Espectro Autista/fisiopatologia , Saúde Mental/estatística & dados numéricos , Mães/psicologia , Classe Social , Adulto , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/epidemiologia , Emoções , Feminino , Humanos , Relações Interpessoais , Linguagem , Masculino , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Adulto Jovem
18.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 22(8): 1063-1069, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31417048

RESUMO

Aim: The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of burnout syndrome and associated factors among family physicians before and after family medicine system (FMS). Materials and Method: The first part of the study was conducted in 2008 (pre-FMS) and the second part in 2012 (post-FMS). Physician's burnout was investigated by using the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI). In total, 139 physicians had been participating pre-FMS and 246 physician's post-FMS. Results: The mean pre-FMS emotional exhaustion score was 15.7 ± 5.8, increasing significantly to 17.14 ± 7.5 post-FMS (P = 0.045). Mean pre-FMS and post-FMS depersonalization and reduced personal accomplishment scores were similar (P > 0.05). Age was negatively correlated with depersonalization in this study (P = 0.012) and positively correlated with personal accomplishment (P = 0.001). The primary care physicians in the post-FMS period were older, female physicians had a greater preference for primary care, and the levels of married doctors were higher. In addition, a higher level of physicians also owned their own home and cars compared to the pre-FMS period. A negative correlation has been reported between physicians' burnout levels and home or car ownership in the present study. Conclusion: Our findings suggest that physicians working under the family medicine system, a new primary care model, are at greater risk of emotional exhaustion, but that no change has occurred in terms of personal accomplishment or depersonalization, despite this new system.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia , Estresse Ocupacional/psicologia , Médicos de Família/psicologia , Carga de Trabalho , Adulto , Esgotamento Profissional/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Despersonalização , Emoções , Medicina de Família e Comunidade/organização & administração , Feminino , Humanos , Satisfação no Emprego , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estresse Ocupacional/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Atenção Primária à Saúde/organização & administração , Inquéritos e Questionários , Turquia/epidemiologia
19.
Saude e pesqui. (Impr.) ; 12(2): 399-407, maio/ago 2019. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1016592

RESUMO

A modalidade esportiva MMA e a exibição do evento levam os usuários nas redes sociais on-line a opinarem. Com o objetivo de analisar mensagens postadas na rede social Twitter sobre o UFC 202 a pesquisa analisou discursos por meio da aquisição e tratamento das mensagens divulgadas na rede social usando de uma API e empregando método de análise de sentimento dos tweets utilizando linguagem R. As mensagens apresentaram classificação mais positiva mesmo sendo sobre um dos eventos mais polêmicos do UFC. Conclui-se que os usuários podem emitir mensagens positivas sobre um esporte que socialmente ainda apresenta algumas dificuldades de inserção. Abrem-se perspectivas para que estudos de recepção sejam incorporados para avaliar a percepção dos espectadores frente a um evento esportivo.


MMA sport modality and event transmission make users of on line social webs to give their opinions. Current research analyzed discourses through acquisition and message treatment to investigate messages posted in social twitter on UFC 202. Messages were broadcasted on the social web with API, employing analysis method of tweets feeling using language R. Messages had a more positive classification even in one of the most polemic events of UFC. Results show that users may emit positive messages on sports that socially have insertion difficulties. Several perspectives are forwarded so that perception studies may evaluate spectators´ perception in the wake of a sports event.


Assuntos
Esportes , Emoções , Promoção da Saúde , Atitude
20.
Psychiatr Danub ; 31(2): 133-140, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31291216

RESUMO

The aim of is to explore whether by observing the fetus by 4D US it is possible to enter fetal behavior, emotions, mental status, consciousness, awareness and other states connected with fetal mind and ability of self-regulation. It is well known that fetal motoric activity is enabling the development of central and peripheral nervous system and the muscles. It is 4D US which enabled to investigate fetal movement patterns from the first trimester of pregnancy throughout the whole pregnancy. Based on the evaluation of fetal spontaneous motor activity by 4D US, a prenatal neurologic scoring test named Kurjak Antenatal Neurodevelopmental Test (KANET) was created. This test has been used to assess almost 2000 fetuses and our results have indicated that KANET has an ability to recognize normal, borderline, and abnormal behavior in fetuses from normal and abnormal pregnancies. The fetus is able to process tactile, vestibular, taste, olfactory, auditory and visual sensations. The fetus responds to painful stimuli with a wide spectrum of reactions. Important external signs of emotion are facial expressions. The existence of a wide range of facial expressions, including grimacing, smiling, crying, similar to emotional expressions in adults, has been revealed by 4D sonography in the 2nd and 3rd trimesters of pregnancy. It is questionable if mental, emotional and behavioral conditions of the fetus were covered in this paper and whether we are able to perceive the fetus as the patient who may develop communication or some other psychiatric disorders which we will be hopefully able to recognize prenatally. Although it seems as the speculation from the point of view of our recent diagnostic possibilities, it is apparent that the day when this will be a reality is rapidly approaching.


Assuntos
Feto/diagnóstico por imagem , Psiquiatria/instrumentação , Psiquiatria/tendências , Ultrassonografia Pré-Natal/tendências , Emoções , Expressão Facial , Feminino , Movimento Fetal , Humanos , Gravidez
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