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3.
J Athl Train ; 54(5): 556-561, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31107630

RESUMO

CONTEXT: Organizational policies for work-life balance exist, but little is known about athletic trainers' (ATs') awareness of and willingness to use them. OBJECTIVE: To explore ATs' formal and informal work-life balance policies in the collegiate and university athletic training setting. DESIGN: Sequential mixed-methods study. SETTING: Web-based survey. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS: We sent 4673 e-mails to National Athletic Trainers' Association ATs (full-time employment for at least 1 year, nonacademic appointment); 1221 participants began our survey (access rate = 26.1%), and 783 completed the survey (64.1% completion rate). Demographics were as follows: men = 375 (48.0%) and women = 404 (51.7%); age = 36 ± 10 years; experience = 13 ± 9 years; years at current place of employment = 8 ± 8 years; and participants with children or minor dependents = 262 (33.5%). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): We created a 17-item instrument from an earlier qualitative study. A panel of experts (n = 3; employer, employee, and researcher) completed a content analysis. Variables of interest were confidence (scale = 1-4) and satisfaction (scale = 1-5) with policies. We used Pearson χ2 analyses to compare the effect of undergoing an orientation and the presence or absence of children on the main outcome measures. RESULTS: A majority of participants had experienced formal orientation through the human resources department (n = 522, 66.8%), the direct supervisor (n = 240, 30.7%), or a colleague (n = 114, 14.6%). However, many had received no orientation (n = 184, 23.6%). Those who had undergone orientation indicated greater confidence in knowing about (P < .001) and greater satisfaction with (P < .001) formal workplace policies and benefits. Those with children stated that they had greater confidence in knowing about (P < .001) and greater satisfaction with (P = .013) formal workplace policies and benefits. Those who had been oriented felt greater confidence in knowing about (P = .009) but no difference in satisfaction with (P = .060) informal workplace policies and benefits. We did not identify differences between those with and those without children regarding their confidence in knowing about (P = .653) or satisfaction with (P = .150) informal workplace policies and benefits. CONCLUSIONS: Athletic trainers in the collegiate and university setting were not confident in their knowledge of formal or informal work-life balance policies.


Assuntos
Emprego , Política Organizacional , Capacitação de Professores , Equilíbrio Trabalho-Vida , Local de Trabalho/normas , Adulto , Emprego/métodos , Emprego/organização & administração , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Determinação de Necessidades de Cuidados de Saúde , Esportes/educação , Medicina Esportiva/métodos , Medicina Esportiva/normas , Inquéritos e Questionários , Capacitação de Professores/métodos , Capacitação de Professores/normas , Estados Unidos , Universidades/estatística & dados numéricos , Equilíbrio Trabalho-Vida/métodos , Equilíbrio Trabalho-Vida/organização & administração , Equilíbrio Trabalho-Vida/normas
5.
Rev. psicol. trab. organ. (1999) ; 35(1): 39-48, abr. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-183536

RESUMO

The current research is set to explore the motivations of managers to hire freelancers, a rapidly growing form of employment, and the boundary conditions for choosing freelancers for different positions and tasks within the organization. The main proposition is that managers today consider freelancers as agents that bring valuable knowledge and expertise into the organization from outside. To that end, 255 Israeli managers from different organizational sectors participated in two consecutive studies. In Study 1, managers' perceptions of freelancers and main motivations for employing freelancers were quantitatively measured against different job types and organizational roles. Study 2 aimed to deepen the understanding of the personal and professional attributes that managers look for in freelancer employment, using a qualitative approach. Implications of the changing nature of employment arrangements as a strategic HRM activity in a complex and unstable business environment are discussed


Esta investigación tiene como objetivo explorar las motivaciones de los managers para contratar freelancers, una forma de empleo en rápido crecimiento, y las condiciones límite para elegir freelancers para diferentes puestos y tareas dentro de la organización. La principal proposición es que los managers hoy en día consideran a los freelancers como agentes que aportan valiosos conocimientos y experiencia a la organización desde el exterior. Para ello, 255 directivos israelíes de diferentes sectores empresariales participaron en dos estudios consecutivos. En el estudio 1, se midió cuantitativamente en diferentes tipos de trabajo y roles organizacionales la percepción de los gerentes de los freelancers y las principales motivaciones para el empleo de los mismos. El estudio 2 se dirigió a profundizar en la comprensión de los atributos personales y profesionales que los managers buscan en el empleo freelance utilizando un enfoque cualitativo. Se comentan las implicaciones de la naturaleza cambiante de estos acuerdos de trabajo como actividad estratégica de la dirección de recursos humanos en un entorno empresarial complejo e inestable


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Emprego/psicologia , 16054/psicologia , Condições de Trabalho , Incerteza , Engajamento no Trabalho , Emprego/organização & administração , Riscos Ocupacionais , Mobilidade Ocupacional , Satisfação no Emprego
6.
Eval Program Plann ; 73: 146-155, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30639832

RESUMO

Public support of training in firms corresponds to the long-term importance of the quality of human capital in the competitiveness of firms and nations. Thus, the EU supports such training via the European Social Fund (ESF). The evaluation community evaluates the support by using either qualitative or quantitative methods. The simultaneous application of these two approaches is rare. The purpose of this paper is to combine quantitative (counterfactual impact evaluation) and qualitative (qualitative comparative analysis) methods in order to fill the methodological gap. Based on the combination of both approaches, it explores their strengths, complementarity and disadvantages to evaluate public support for employee training in the Czech Republic. The combination of methods makes it possible to identify not only the impacts but also their causes. Linking the ESF support to corporate competitiveness is crucial for demonstrating the effectiveness of public spending.


Assuntos
Financiamento Governamental/organização & administração , Capacitação em Serviço/organização & administração , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde/métodos , Projetos de Pesquisa , Causalidade , República Tcheca , Emprego/organização & administração , Financiamento Governamental/economia , Humanos , Estudos de Casos Organizacionais
7.
Qual Health Res ; 29(9): 1313-1323, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30499369

RESUMO

This report explores the nature and quality of social ties of formerly homeless individuals in recovery from serious mental illness and substance abuse and how these ties relate to experiences of community. Using grounded theory and cross-case analysis techniques, we analyzed 34 qualitative interviews conducted with predominantly racial/ethnic minority individuals receiving mental health services. Participants described a range of involvement and experiences in the mental health service and mainstream communities indicating a combination of weak or strong ties in these communities. Across participants, two broad themes emerged: ties that bind and obstacles that "get in the way" of forming social ties. Salient subthemes included those related to family, cultural spaces, employment, substance abuse, stigma and mental health service providers and peers. The current study integrates our understanding of positive and negative aspects of social ties and provides a theoretical framework highlighting the complexity of social ties within mainstream and mental health service communities.


Assuntos
Pessoas em Situação de Rua/psicologia , Transtornos Mentais/psicologia , Transtornos Mentais/terapia , Rede Social , Adulto , Idoso , Características Culturais , Emprego/organização & administração , Feminino , Teoria Fundamentada , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Estigma Social , Apoio Social , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/psicologia , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/terapia
8.
Z Gerontol Geriatr ; 52(6): 589-597, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29943078

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Because of demographic changes the nursing care sector is faced with a lack of qualified employees in the medium and long term. The shortage in the work force is caused by high workloads and unfavorable working conditions. In response to this shortage, there have been attempts to recruit qualified nursing staff from abroad and also to improve the integration of people with a migration background living in Germany into the job market. METHODOLOGY: Based on a quantitative cross-sectional study of 366 nurses, the psychosocial burden and strains among employees with a migration background (n = 112) and without a migration background (n = 254) were examined. For this purpose, 13 scales of the German version of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire (COPSOQ) were used for the assessment of psychosocial factors at work. The results were compared with professional group-specific reference values (geriatric care) from the COPSOQ database. RESULTS: The comparison of nursing staff with and without a migration background revealed that the emotional demands, work-privacy conflict and role conflicts factors received a significantly better rating among nursing staff with a migration background, while development opportunities were rated worse by this population group. The surveyed nursing staff exhibited higher stress values compared to the COPSOQ reference group in almost all scales. CONCLUSION: Nursing staff with a migration background need to be supported with respect to development opportunities. Suitable education and training measures may offer adequate career perspectives and may encourage employees to stay in their jobs.


Assuntos
Efeitos Psicossociais da Doença , Emigrantes e Imigrantes/psicologia , Enfermagem Geriátrica , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem/psicologia , Apoio Social , Carga de Trabalho/psicologia , Local de Trabalho/psicologia , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Emoções , Emprego/organização & administração , Emprego/psicologia , Alemanha , Humanos , Satisfação no Emprego , Inquéritos e Questionários , Local de Trabalho/organização & administração
9.
Matronas prof ; 20(1): 5-12, 2019. graf, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-183283

RESUMO

Objetivo: Conocer, desde una perspectiva fenomenológica, la situación actual de coordinación entre niveles asistenciales y modelos de gestión de recursos humanos de las matronas del área de salud de La Ribera, así como sus propuestas para mejorar su coordinación. Metodología: Estudio cualitativo de perspectiva fenomenológica. Se realizaron entrevistas semiestructuradas a 28 matronas que trabajaban en el área de salud de La Ribera durante 2016. El análisis del contenido se realizó mediante la triangulación del investigador, usando el programa MAXQDA para la codificación y el análisis de los datos. Resultados: Las respuestas se clasificaron en 9 códigos: concepto de coordinación (dificultad para definirlo), recursos disponibles para la coordinación (Jefe de Servicio de Ginecología, teléfono y correo electrónico), elementos facilitadores (recursos materiales) y obstaculizadores (falta de contacto y existencia de compartimentos estancos), propuestas de mejora (coordinadora integral, rotatorios entre atención primaria y especializada, presencia de una matrona en planta de maternidad), persona de referencia para la coordinación (supervisora de paritorio), modelo de gestión de recursos humanos (diferencias en el trato según modelo), comunicación entre matronas (escasa y mejorable), déficit de conocimiento, y valoración de la coordinación (negativa entre matronas y positiva entre matronas y otros profesionales). Conclusiones: El presente estudio muestra una coordinación deficitaria entre matronas, con una comunicación escasa y diferencias en el trato según el modelo de gestión. Las matronas manifestaron su deseo de mejorar dicha coordinación mediante diversas propuestas


Objective: To know, from a phenomenological perspective, the current situation of coordination between different levels of care and human resource management models of midwives in La Ribera health area, as well as the strategies proposed by them to improve the coordination. Methodology: Qualitative study through a phenomenological perspective. Semi-structured interviews with 28 midwives who worked in La Ribera health area during 2016 were performed. The content analysis was performed by researcher triangulation, using the MAXQDA software for coding and data analysis. Results: The answers were classified into 9 codes: concept of coordination (difficulty to define it), available resources for coordination (Head of Gynecology, telephone and email), facilitating elements (material resources) and obstacles (lack of contact and existence of watertight compartments), proposals for improvement coordination (integral coordinator for both care levels, rotating between primary and specialized care, presence of a midwife in the maternity ward), reference person for coordination (supervisor of the delivery room), model of human resources management (differences in the treatment according to model), communication between midwives (scarce and improvable), knowledge deficit, and assessment of coordination (negative among midwives and positive among midwives and other professionals). Conclusions: The present study shows a poor coordination between midwives, with a scarce communication and differences in treatment according to the management model. Midwives expressed their desire to increase such coordination through its improvement proposals


Assuntos
Humanos , Tocologia/organização & administração , Regulação e Fiscalização em Saúde , Modelos de Assistência à Saúde/organização & administração , 25783 , Emprego/organização & administração , Análise de Dados
10.
Tex Med ; 114(7): 34-35, 2018 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30536240

RESUMO

The Texas Supreme Court blocked a challenge to liability protections for physicians employed by state medical schools, a legal victory for TMA. Thanks to the court's decision, physicians employed by a government institution, like a publicly funded medical school, still can perform clinical duties at a non-government facility, like a private hospital, without giving up immunity from lawsuits.


Assuntos
Emprego/organização & administração , Responsabilidade Legal , Médicos/legislação & jurisprudência , Universidades , Humanos , Texas
11.
Work ; 61(4): 561-574, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30507599

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Many people living with mental illness want paid work, but finding and maintaining mainstream employment remains challenging. In recent decades, social enterprises have emerged as one alternative site for paid employment. Existing research has examined the experiences of people with mental illness working in social enterprises, but less is known about the organizational character of these workplaces. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this paper is to develop a better understanding of social enterprises as organizational contexts for workers with mental illness. METHODS: The research employed a qualitative methodology, conducting semi-structured interviews with executive directors and managers at 42 organizations operating 67 social enterprises across CanadaRESULTS:While there are strong similarities in organizational mandate to create meaningful employment there are also important variations between social enterprises. These include variations in size, economic activity and organizational structure, as well as differences in hours of work, rates of pay and the nature and extent of workplace accommodation. These variations reflect both immediate organizational contexts as well as broader economic constraints that enterprises confront. CONCLUSIONS: Understanding the varied nature of social enterprises is important for thinking about future enterprise development, and the capacity of such organizations to create meaningful employment for people living with mental illness.


Assuntos
Emprego/organização & administração , Transtornos Mentais/reabilitação , Pessoas Mentalmente Doentes , Canadá , Humanos , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Reabilitação Vocacional , Local de Trabalho/organização & administração
12.
Glob Health Action ; 11(1): 1538658, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30421655

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The intersection between health, disability and transport has significant practical challenges for people with a disability living in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), where road infrastructure is poor and travel unsafe. Lack of transport access to health, education, employment and other services impedes achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals and affects quality of life. The Journey Access Tool (JAT) combines access audit and road safety audit approaches to identify barriers to transport on journeys taken by people with a disability. To be useful and effective, it must fit the expectations of people with a disability (be acceptable) and be feasible for use in different settings (adoptable). Accordingly, a formative evaluation process was undertaken in Phnom Penh, Cambodia. OBJECTIVES: To undertake a formative evaluation of the JAT using an iterative process to tailor the tool, pilot its use by people with a disability, and develop a template for its implementation in other LMICs. METHODS: An iterative process of consultation and three pilots was undertaken. Participants were people with a disability who undertook journeys with a public transport component accompanied by assistants. Focus groups were held after each pilot, and results were integrated into JAT revisions. RESULTS: Issues of terminology were resolved early, as were process issues related to the length of time taken to complete the JAT. Interpersonal issues were more difficult to address, with assistants tending to exceed their role and record their own comments. Use of the tool provided rich information on barriers. CONCLUSIONS: The JAT was both acceptable and adoptable for people with a disability and other stakeholders, and the experience gained will facilitate adaptation of the tool to new settings. The tool has significant potential to shape and support advocacy for change and engagement with transport services and also health, education, employment and other services.


Assuntos
Países em Desenvolvimento , Pessoas com Deficiência , Transportes/normas , Camboja , Emprego/organização & administração , Planejamento Ambiental , Feminino , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/organização & administração , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida
13.
J Nurs Adm ; 48(10): 519-525, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30239448

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate factors affecting turnover of Asian foreign-educated nurses (FENs), which may lead to improvements in retention strategies. BACKGROUND: Asian FENs working in the United States have considerable rates of turnover. Little is known about which factors are related. METHODS: A cross-sectional design was used. A convenience sample (n = 201) of Asian FENs completed surveys by regular mail and through a website. Backward multivariable logistic regression was performed to identify factors associated with turnover in their 1st year of employment. RESULTS: Most participants were from the Philippines and Korea. Perceived quality of orientation predicted organizational-level turnover and trended toward predicting unit-level turnover. CONCLUSIONS: Healthcare institutions may benefit from developing organizational programs for FENs that are sensitive to their unique needs, in the interest of reducing rapid or early turnover and accompanying negative effects on hospital finances and patient care.


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/estatística & dados numéricos , Emprego/organização & administração , Satisfação no Emprego , Enfermeiras Internacionais/estatística & dados numéricos , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/organização & administração , Reorganização de Recursos Humanos/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/psicologia , Emprego/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Enfermeiras Internacionais/psicologia , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estados Unidos , Adulto Jovem
14.
Rev Salud Publica (Bogota) ; 20(1): 53-59, 2018.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30183885

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE : There's a lot of literature about teachers' work conditions and the effects of such conditions on them. The goal of this research focuses on the analysis of the effects derived from the type of labour relationship with the University on the psycho-social dimensions of satisfaction, stress and perceived health. METHODS : Quasi-experimental study on a sample of 145 university professors from the seven public universities from Catalonia (Spain). The data was obtained in April 2014, by means of ISTAS21 questionnaire, intermediate version, in Spanish. From the 21 subscales in the instrument, only seven were used for data-gathering since they encompassed the dimensions of interest. A series of ANOVA analyses were performed, taking the three psycho-social dimensions as dependent variables and work stability and dedication (e.g. full- vs. partial-time) as independent variables. RESULTS : Professors with full-time work and unstable contracts showed worse health (both physical and mental) despite being the youngest, as well as larger symptoms of stress and lower job-satisfaction, compared with full-time professors with stable contracts and even compared part-time-jobs professors. CONCLUSION : Job-stability seems to be a central variable in work-quality and health for the professors whose labour situation is unstable, something that influences both their teaching and research quality.


Assuntos
Emprego/organização & administração , Docentes/psicologia , Satisfação no Emprego , Saúde do Trabalhador/estatística & dados numéricos , Estresse Ocupacional/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Emprego/psicologia , Emprego/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Espanha/epidemiologia
15.
J Occup Rehabil ; 28(4): 611-633, 2018 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30218402

RESUMO

Introduction Timely and appropriate accommodations can help employees who experience disabilities stay at work instead of exiting the labor force. Employers can play a critical role in connecting such workers with the accommodations they need. This qualitative study seeks to inform policy makers who want to improve workforce retention outcomes by uncovering factors that affect whether employers provide accommodations to, and ultimately retain, employees with disabilities. Methods We conducted semistructured interviews with a convenience sample of human resources professionals in 14 Arkansas-based employers, yielding detailed information on 50 cases in which an employee developed or disclosed a disability. We analyzed the interviews using a grounded theory approach and compared cases to identify key themes emerging across subgroups of cases. Results Two organization-level factors and four employee-level factors influenced employers' efforts to accommodate and retain employees with disabilities: employer resources; employers' communication with the employee and other stakeholders; employee tenure; employee work performance; active/sedentary nature of employee role; and the severity and type of employees' health conditions. Conclusions Consistent with prior literature, employers with greater access to resources and better ability to communicate generally made greater effort to accommodate and retain employees with disabilities. However, employers in the study did not deploy these resources and processes consistently when making decisions about whether and how to provide accommodations to workers with disabilities; employee-level characteristics affected their actions. Policy makers should consider intervention approaches that reach workers who may be overlooked by employers with scarce resources.


Assuntos
Pessoas com Deficiência , Emprego/organização & administração , Local de Trabalho/organização & administração , Doença Crônica/reabilitação , Comunicação , Progressão da Doença , Humanos , Descrição de Cargo , Transtornos Mentais/reabilitação , Saúde do Trabalhador , Política Organizacional , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Retorno ao Trabalho , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Desempenho Profissional
16.
Res Dev Disabil ; 83: 8-17, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30086472

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Students with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) typically struggle with post-school employment, post-secondary education, and independent living outcomes. This may be due to their limited input on the goals that are set for their future during the transition planning process. AIM: The aim of this systematic review was to investigate the extent of involvement of students in their IEP transition planning meetings in published research on the topic to date. METHOD AND PROCEDURES: The authors reviewed articles published between 1994 and 2016. Searches were performed in ERIC, ProQuest Education Journals, PsycINFO, and Scopus databases, resulting in 15 articles meeting the inclusion criteria. OUTCOMES AND RESULTS: Out of the 15 articles included in this review, five were survey research articles and ten were intervention studies. The overall results of the studies revealed that students with ASD had minimal active involvement in the transition planning process. CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: It is essential for teachers to educate students about the transition planning process to increase their awareness of the purposes and procedures of the transition planning meeting. There is a pressing need for a more student-centred approach in transition planning to empower students and support them in becoming better self-advocates.


Assuntos
Transtorno do Espectro Autista , Emprego/organização & administração , Adolescente , Transtorno do Espectro Autista/psicologia , Transtorno do Espectro Autista/reabilitação , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudantes , Cuidado Transicional/organização & administração , Adulto Jovem
17.
BMC Public Health ; 18(1): 838, 2018 07 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29976181

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Work-related stress has become a major challenge for social security and health care systems, employers and employees across Europe. In Sweden, sickness absence particularly due to stress-related disorders has increased excessively in recent years, and the issue of how to improve sustainable return to work in affected employees is high up on the political agenda. The literature on interventions for return to work in patients with common mental disorders is still inconclusive. This randomized controlled trial (RCT) aims to contribute with knowledge about how physicians and rehabilitation coordinators in primary health care can involve the employer in the rehabilitation of patients with stress-related disorders. The objective is to evaluate whether the early involvement of the patient's employer can reduce the time for return to work compared to treatment as usual. A process study will complete the RCT with information about what prerequisites primary health caregivers need to succeed with this endeavor. METHODS: Twenty-two primary care centers were randomized to either intervention or control group. At the intervention centers, physicians and rehabilitation coordinators underwent training, providing them with both knowledge and practical tools to involve the employer in rehabilitation. At the patient level, employed patients with an ICD-10 F43 diagnosis were eligible for participation (n=132). Difference in proportion of patients on full- or part-time sick leave at three, six and 12 months after inclusion will be investigated. Register data, logbooks and interviews with coordinators and physicians at both intervention and control centers will be used for process evaluation. DISCUSSION: Although the issue of how to tackle work-related stress can be recognized all across Europe, Sweden face an urgent need to curb the disproportional increase of stress-related disorders in the sick-leave statistics. Since physicians are limited by time constraints, the rehabilitation coordinator may be a helpful resource to take this contact. The current study will contribute to knowledge about how this collaboration can be organized to facilitate employer involvement and reduce time to return to work among patients suffering from work related stress. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Registered on 1 November 2016, ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT03022760 .


Assuntos
Emprego/organização & administração , Transtornos Mentais/reabilitação , Estresse Ocupacional/psicologia , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Retorno ao Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Transtornos Mentais/etiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reabilitação/organização & administração , Suécia
18.
Health Soc Care Community ; 26(6): 829-838, 2018 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30027618

RESUMO

People seeking asylum in high-income countries are vulnerable to food insecurity due to limited opportunities for social and economic participation. Given this vulnerability, nongovernment organisations are attempting to improve food security outcomes through targeted programmes. This study explored the role of a subsidised mobile fresh fruit and vegetable market (the Food Justice Truck-FJT) on the experience of food insecurity for people seeking asylum living in Melbourne, Australia. This research uses a mixed methods approach, employing surveys and semistructured interviews to explore the lived experiences of asylum seekers using the FJT, including their experiences of food insecurity. Half of the asylum seekers interviewed in this study were found to be experiencing food insecurity. Participants in this study sourced food from multiple locations, with the FJT providing a supplemental, but highly valued source of fresh produce. The FJT was identified as positive social setting for some participants included in this research. This research has identified the ability of programmes such as the FJT to act as positive social settings.


Assuntos
Assistência Alimentar/organização & administração , Abastecimento de Alimentos/métodos , Refugiados/psicologia , Seguridade Social/psicologia , Austrália , Emprego/organização & administração , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pobreza/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Vitória
19.
Glob Health Action ; 11(1): 1463658, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29764342

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite the importance of inclusive employment, described in Goal 8 of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), employment of persons with psychiatric disabilities in Africa is lower than among the general population. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this scoping review is to explore evidence related to the barriers to and facilitators of employment of persons with psychiatric disabilities in Africa. METHODS: A literature search was conducted using six relevant electronic databases of articles published between 1990 and 2017. RESULTS: Eight studies were identified and analysed regarding barriers and facilitators of employment of persons with psychiatric disabilities. The dynamic adaptation of the bio-psycho-social model was used as an analytical framework. Identified barriers include ill health, (anticipated) psychiatric illness, social stigma and discrimination, negative attitudes among employers and the lack of social support and government welfare. Facilitators of employment include stability of mental illness, heightened self-esteem, a personal decision to work despite stigma, competitive and supported employment, reduction in social barriers/stigma and workplace accommodations. CONCLUSION: Employment of persons with psychiatric disabilities is essential, yet there is dearth of scientific evidence to identify contextual models that might be useful in African countries and other low-and middle countries (LMICs). This gap in information would benefit from further research to improve the employment rates of persons with psychiatric disabilities in Africa.


Assuntos
Emprego/organização & administração , Pessoas Mentalmente Doentes , África , Atitude , Emprego/psicologia , Readaptação ao Emprego , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Mental , Autoimagem , Estigma Social , Apoio Social , Local de Trabalho/psicologia
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