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1.
J Occup Health ; 63(1): e12209, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33665926

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The COVID-19 pandemic has caused devastating damage to employment globally, particularly among the non-standard workforce. The objective of this study was to identify the effects of the pandemic on the employment status and lives of working students in Japan. METHODS: The Labour Force Survey (January 2019 to May 2020) was used to examine changes in students' work situations. In addition, to investigate the economic and health conditions of university students during the pandemic, the Student Lifestyle Survey was conducted in late May 2020. This survey asked students at a national university in Tokyo about recent changes in their studies, work, and lives. RESULTS: The number of working students reported in the Labour Force Survey has declined sharply since March 2020, falling by 780,000 (46%) in April. According to a survey of university students' living conditions, 37% were concerned about living expenses and tuition fees, and a higher percentage of students who were aware of financial insecurity had poor self-rated health. CONCLUSION: Nearly half of working students have lost their jobs during the pandemic in Japan, which has affected their lives, studies, and health. There is a need to monitor the impact of economic insecurity on students' studies and health over time, and to expand the safety net for disadvantaged students.


Assuntos
/psicologia , Emprego/psicologia , Estilo de Vida , Saúde do Trabalhador/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudantes/psicologia , Adaptação Psicológica , Adulto , Emprego/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Japão , Masculino , Saúde Mental/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Equilíbrio Trabalho-Vida , Adulto Jovem
4.
J Occup Health ; 63(1): e12196, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33470006

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Maternity harassment, known in English as pregnancy discrimination, remains prevalent in developed countries. However, research examining the mental health effects of maternity harassment is lacking. We aimed to examine the association between maternity harassment and depression during pregnancy in Japan. METHODS: A cross-sectional Internet survey was conducted on 359 pregnant employees (including women who were working at the time their pregnancy was confirmed) from May 22 to May 31, 2020, during which time a COVID-19 state of emergency was declared. Maternity harassment was defined as being subjected to any of the 16 adverse treatments prohibited by national guidelines. Depression was defined as a score of ≥9 on the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (Japanese version). Logistic regression analysis was performed. RESULTS: Overall, 24.8% of the pregnant employees had experienced maternity harassment by supervisors and/or colleagues. After adjusting for demographics, pregnancy status, work status, and fear of COVID-19, pregnant employees who experienced maternity harassment were more likely to have depression than those who did not (odds ratio 2.48, 95% confidential interval 1.34-4.60). This association was not influenced by whether they were teleworking or not as a COVID-19 measure. CONCLUSIONS: One quarter of pregnant employees experienced maternity harassment and had a higher prevalence of depression than those who did not. Being physically away from the office through teleworking may not reduce the effect of maternal harassment on depression. To protect the mental health and employment of pregnant women, employers should comply with the laws and take measures to prevent maternity harassment.


Assuntos
/complicações , Depressão/complicações , Complicações na Gravidez/psicologia , Gravidez/psicologia , Preconceito/psicologia , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/etiologia , Emprego/psicologia , Emprego/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Complicações na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Preconceito/estatística & dados numéricos , Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica , Inquéritos e Questionários
5.
BMC Psychol ; 9(1): 5, 2021 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33407889

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Workplace stress carries considerable costs for the employees' wellbeing and for the organization's performance. Recent studies demonstrate that perceptions of psychological contract breach are a source of stress for employees. That is, when employees notice that their employer does not fulfil certain obligations, they will perceive that certain resources are threatened or lost, which in turn translates into increased stress. In this study, we zoom in on how stress unfolds in the aftermath of breach, dependent on the organization's reaction to the breach. More specifically, we examined the influence of different types of social accounts (i.e., denial, apology, blaming and exonerating justification) on individuals' stress resolution process using physiological (i.e., heart rate) and psychological (self-report) data. METHOD: We used an experimental design in which we manipulated psychological contract breach and social account type. To test our hypotheses, we performed two sets of functional Principal Component Analyses: first to examine the effects of breach and second to examine the effects of social accounts. RESULTS: Our results indicate that breach elicits a physiological stress reaction, reflected in a short-lived increase in heart rate. However, no increase in the self-reported stress measure was found. Further, we did not find a significant effect of social accounts on the psychological and physiological recovery process. CONCLUSIONS: The current research allows us to demonstrate that psychological contract breach will trigger a short-lived increase in heart rate. Further research is needed to better understand unfolding trajectories of physiological reactions to contract breach and the effect of social accounts as organizational recovery efforts.


Assuntos
Contratos , Frequência Cardíaca/fisiologia , Responsabilidade Social , Estresse Fisiológico , Estresse Psicológico , Confiança , Comportamento Cooperativo , Emprego/psicologia , Humanos , Local de Trabalho/psicologia
6.
BMJ Open ; 11(1): e043718, 2021 01 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33408212

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore how to build and maintain the resilience of frontline healthcare professionals exposed to COVID-19 outbreak working conditions. DESIGN: Scoping review supplemented with expert interviews to validate the findings. SETTING: Hospitals. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Embase, PsycINFO, CINAHL, bioRxiv and medRxiv systematically and grey literature for articles focusing on the impact of COVID-19-like working conditions on the physical and/or mental health of healthcare professionals in a hospital setting. Articles using an empirical design about determinants or causes of physical and/or mental health and about interventions, measures and policies to preserve physical and/or mental health were included. Four experts were interviewed to reflect on the results from the scoping review. RESULTS: In total, 4471 records were screened leading to an inclusion of 73 articles. Recommendations prior to the outbreak fostering resilience included optimal provision of education and training, resilience training and interventions to create a feeling of being prepared. Recommendations during the outbreak consisted of (1) enhancing resilience by proper provision of information, psychosocial support and treatment (eg, create enabling conditions such as forming a psychosocial support team), monitoring the health status of professionals and using various forms and content of psychosocial support (eg, encouraging peer support, sharing and celebrating successes), (2) tasks and responsibilities, in which attention should be paid to kind of tasks, task mix and responsibilities as well as the intensity and weight of these tasks and (3) work patterns and working conditions. Findings of the review were validated by experts. CONCLUSIONS: Recommendations were developed on how to build and maintain resilience of frontline healthcare professionals exposed to COVID-19 outbreak working conditions. These practical and easy to implement recommendations can be used by hospitals and other healthcare organisations to foster and preserve short-term and long-term physical and mental health and employability of their professionals.


Assuntos
/epidemiologia , Emprego/psicologia , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Saúde Mental , Pandemias , /psicologia , Humanos
7.
BMC Public Health ; 21(1): 79, 2021 01 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33413224

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: About 83,000 COVID-19 patients were confirmed in China up to May 2020. Amid the well-documented threats to physical health, the effects of this public health crisis - and the varied efforts to contain its spread - have altered individuals' "normal" daily functioning. These impacts on social, psychological, and emotional well-being remain relatively unexplored - in particular, the ways in which Chinese men and women experience and respond to potential behavioral stressors. Our study investigated sex differences in psychological stress, emotional reactions, and behavioral responses to COVID-19 and related threats among Chinese residents. METHODS: In late February (2020), an anonymous online questionnaire was disseminated via WeChat, a popular social media platform in China. The cross-sectional study utilized a non-probabilistic "snowball" or convenience sampling of residents from various provinces and regions of China. Basic demographic characteristics (e.g., age and gender) - along with residential living arrangements and conditions - were measured along with psychological stress and emotional responses to the COVID-19 pandemic. RESULTS: Three thousand eighty-eight questionnaires were returned: 1749 females (56.6%) and 1339 males (43.4%). The mean stress level,as measured by a visual analog scale, was 3.4 (SD = 2.4) - but differed significantly by sex. Besides sex, factors positively associated with stress included: age (< 45 years), employment (unsteady income, unemployed), risk of infection (exposureto COVID-19, completed medical observation), difficulties encountered (diseases, work/study, financial, mental), and related behaviors (higher desire for COVID-19 knowledge, more time concerning on the COVID-19 outbreak). "Protective" factors included frequent contact with colleagues, calmness of mood comparing with the pre-pandemic, and psychological resilience. Males and females also differed significantly in adapting to current living/working, conditions, responding to run a fever, and needing psychological support services. CONCLUSIONS: The self-reported stress of Chinese residents related to the COVID-19 pandemic was significantly related to sex, age, employment, resilience and coping styles. Future responses to such public health threats may wish to provide sex- and/or age-appropriate supports for psychological health and emotional well-being to those at greatest risk of experiencing stress.


Assuntos
Adaptação Psicológica , Emprego/psicologia , Resiliência Psicológica , Fatores Sexuais , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Adulto , Fatores Etários , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Surtos de Doenças , Emoções , Emprego/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Mental , Serviços de Saúde Mental , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Determinação de Necessidades de Cuidados de Saúde , Pandemias , Fatores de Risco , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
8.
J Occup Environ Med ; 63(4): 296-301, 2021 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33350663

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Medical students across the United Kingdom helped the National Health Service (NHS) with the increased workload caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. This study was conducted to better understand the implications of COVID-19 on the intricate relationship between the psychological wellbeing of students and working within the NHS. METHOD: This was a cross-sectional, national UK study analyzing the self-reported pandemic anxiety scale (PAS) of participants during the pandemic, using an online questionnaire. RESULTS: 25.2% of participants worked within the NHS. Working significantly reduced anxiety levels of participants. Concerns around the training and information provided on personal protective equipment (PPE) (odds ratio [OR] 2.57, 95% confidence interval [CI] OR: 1.93, 3.43) (P < 0.001) and Ethnicity (OR 2.15, 95% CI OR: 1.54, 2.99) (P < 0.001) were the most significant covariates affecting the likelihood of working. CONCLUSION: Working during the pandemic was influenced by age, ethnicity, and information surrounding PPE. On average those who worked experienced less anxiety and were more cheerful and energetic.


Assuntos
/epidemiologia , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Medicina Estatal/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudantes de Medicina/psicologia , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Ansiedade/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Emprego/psicologia , Emprego/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Pessoal de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Estudantes de Medicina/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Reino Unido/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
9.
PLoS One ; 15(12): e0243730, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33370306

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The main aim of the current study was to investigate what role perceived life stress, psychological capital (PsyCap), financial self-reliance and time perspective orientations play in explaining socioeconomic health inequalities, specifically self-perceived health and self-reported physical health conditions. METHODS: Individuals (total n = 600) aged 16+ years from a general Dutch population sample (LISS panel) completed an online questionnaire measuring three different SEP indicators (highest achieved educational level, personal monthly disposable income and being in paid employment), perceived life stress, PsyCap, financial self-reliance, time perspective, self-perceived health, and self-reported physical health conditions. Structural equation modelling using a cross-sectional design was used to test the mediation paths from SEP indicators to self-perceived health and self-reported physical health conditions through perceived life stress, PsyCap, financial self-reliance and time perspective orientations. RESULTS: Highest achieved educational level and being in paid employment showed to play a role in the social stratification within self-reported and self-perceived health outcomes, whereas this was not found for personal monthly disposable income. The association between a lower highest achieved educational level and lower self-perceived health was mediated by lower PsyCap and higher perceived life stress levels. The association between a lower highest achieved educational level and higher levels of self-reported physical health conditions was mediated by less financial self-reliance and higher perceived life stress levels. Although no mediating role was found for time perspective orientations in the association between the measured SEP indicators and health outcomes, negative time perspective orientations were associated with either self-perceived health or self-reported physical health conditions. CONCLUSIONS: reserves (PsyCap and financial self-reliance) and perceived life stress seem to play a larger role in explaining the health gradient in achieved educational level than time perspective orientations. Prevention efforts trying to reduce the SEP-health gradient should focus on a) increasing reserves and lowering perceived life stress levels for individuals with a low achieved educational level, and b) reducing unemployment and narrowing opportunity gaps in education for people with a low SEP.


Assuntos
Escolaridade , Emprego/estatística & dados numéricos , Nível de Saúde , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos Transversais , Emprego/economia , Emprego/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Países Baixos/epidemiologia , Autorrelato/estatística & dados numéricos , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
10.
Ann Agric Environ Med ; 27(4): 672-679, 2020 Dec 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33356077

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Despite dynamic changes in Polish agriculture in the last decades, the participation of children in work in the agricultural sector is still considerable, and an assessment of this phenomenon remains equivocal. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was presentation of the scale of the engagement of adolescents in work on family farms, and recognition of their opinions concerning risk related with performance of this work, as well as determination of factors related with the assessment of the risk. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was conducted in 2016-2017 in a representative group of 511 Polish adolescents aged 14 on a representative group of 5,468 persons within all-Polish studies concerning the economic activity of adolescents, The respondents evaluated work-related risk for their health. RESULTS: The results of the study showed that approximately 70% of Polish adolescents from agricultural families help their parents with the performance of work related with running a farm. Adolescents devote about 1 hour during a working day to work on farm. Boys devote to agricultural work more than twice as much time as girls. Risk associated with the performance of agricultural work by adolescents is estimated by the adolescents as low. According to them, work activities in agriculture are rather light, and do not threaten health and safety. Simultaneously, approximately 18% of adolescents admit that they were involved in an accident at work. CONCLUSIONS: In the opinions of the majority of adolescents, work on their parents' farm has rather a positive effect, also on family income, family relations and relations with their contemporaries, as well as education outcomes.


Assuntos
Atitude , Emprego/psicologia , Fazendas/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Polônia
11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33158180

RESUMO

This study evaluates the psychological impact (PI) of the COVID-19 pandemic in frontline workers in Spain. Participants were 546 workers (296 healthcare workers, 105 media professionals, 89 grocery workers, and 83 protective service workers). They all completed online questionnaires assessing PI, sadness, concerns related to the COVID-19 pandemic, and demographic and work-related variables. All groups but protective services workers showed higher PI levels than the general population. Healthcare and grocery workers were the most affected, with 73.6% and 65.2% of the participants, respectively, showing a severe PI. Women showed a higher PI level. Healthcare workers in the regions with higher COVID-19 incidences reported greater PI levels. The main concerns were being infected by COVID-19 or infecting others. Levels of concern correlated with higher PI levels. The protection equipment was generally reported as insufficient, which correlated with higher PI levels. Professionals reporting to overwork during the crisis (60% mass-media, 38% of healthcare and grocery and 21.7% of protective service) showed higher PI levels. In the healthcare group, taking care of patients with COVID-19 (77%) or of dying patients with COVID-19 (43.9%) was associated with higher PI levels. The perceived social recognition of their work was inversely related to PI. Most of the sample had not received psychological support. We suggest some organizational measures for frontline institutions, such as the periodical monitoring or inclusion of psychologists specialized in crisis-management to prevent negative symptoms and provide timely support.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Emprego/psicologia , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Ocupações , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia , Adulto , Betacoronavirus , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Sistemas de Apoio Psicossocial , Espanha/epidemiologia
12.
PLoS One ; 15(10): e0239291, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33007781

RESUMO

Many persons living with HIV (PLWH) either reduced their employment capacity or stopped work completely due to disease progression. With the advent of effective antiretroviral therapy, some PLWH were able to return to the workforce and many are now transitioning into retirement. We examined the histories of employment, retirement and disability status on depression among 1,497 Participants living with HIV from 1997 to 2015 in the Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study. Data were collected on depressive symptoms, employment, retirement, disability status as well as HIV-related and sociodemographic characteristics. Employment, retirement and disability status were lagged 2 years to assess whether the risk of depression at a given observation were temporally predicted by each respective status, adjusting for prior depressive symptoms and covariates. Being employed (aOR: 0.76; 95% CI: 0.71-0.82) had lower odds of depression risk two years later compared to those unemployed. There were higher odds of depression risk associated with disability (aOR: 1.43; 95% CI: 1.32-1.54) versus those not on disability. Retirement status was not associated with the risk of depressive symptoms. These findings could help inform policies and employment programs to facilitate the return to work for PLWH who are willing and able to work.


Assuntos
Depressão/complicações , Pessoas com Deficiência/psicologia , Emprego/psicologia , Infecções por HIV/psicologia , Aposentadoria/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Infecções por HIV/complicações , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Risco , Apoio Social , Adulto Jovem
13.
Work ; 67(1): 21-28, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32955471

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: COVID-19 has caused economic slowdown all across the globe. It results in job loss on the one hand and less wages, increased working hours, overqualified employees and part time jobs on the other hand. Low demand of labour and a huge availability of work force will put many in a disadvantageous position, where they will have to compromise with the circumstances by being underemployed. Cabinet decisions, by some Indian states like Uttar Pradesh, to suspend the labour laws related to minimum wage, bonus, working hours and other employee benefits will put workers in a highly disadvantageous position of being underemployed. This may lead to many socio-economic, psychological and health-related implications. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper is to provide a comprehensive review on the concept of underemployment, its types and consequences. METHODOLOGY: A critical and constructive analysis of the literature was performed. RESULTS: The findings reveal that if employment does not provide workers with proper opportunities to use their education, time, skills and expertise, it can create stressful situations in workers' lives. CONCLUSION: The problem needs both a diagnosis and robust treatment in order to have better outcomes at the individual, organisational and national levels.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/economia , Emprego/economia , Emprego/psicologia , Relações Interpessoais , Pandemias/economia , Pneumonia Viral/economia , Estresse Psicológico , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Recessão Econômica , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Renda , Índia/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Fatores de Tempo
14.
J Occup Environ Med ; 62(9): 686-691, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32890205

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether job insecurity due to COVID-19 and financial concern were associated with worse mental health during the COVID-19 pandemic. METHOD: Participants (N = 474 employed U.S. individuals) completed an online survey from April 6 to 12, 2020. Linear regressions were used to examine factors associated with mental health. RESULTS: After accounting for demographic characteristics, health status, other COVID-19 experiences, and anxiety symptoms, greater job insecurity due to COVID-19 was related to greater depressive symptoms. Conversely, after accounting for covariates and depressive symptoms, greater financial concern was related to greater anxiety symptoms. Further, greater job insecurity was indirectly related to greater anxiety symptoms due to greater financial concern. CONCLUSIONS: Findings suggest that employers should aim to reduce job insecurity and financial concern among employees during the COVID-19 pandemic to address the associated mental health consequences.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Depressão/epidemiologia , Emprego/psicologia , Saúde Mental/estatística & dados numéricos , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Infecções por Coronavirus/economia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias/economia , Pneumonia Viral/economia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Estados Unidos , Adulto Jovem
15.
Rev. Asoc. Esp. Espec. Med. Trab ; 29(3): 184-193, sept. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-194289

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: Determinar las propiedades psicométricas de la escala de Inseguridad Laboral en su versión original de cuatro ítems en trabajadores peruanos. Material y MÉTODOS: Estudio transversal e instrumental que tomó la escala de Inseguridad Laboral, para poder validarla en el contexto del COVID-19. Con una muestra de 332 trabajadores de entidades públicas y privadas se validó los elementos de forma y fondo de la escala. RESULTADOS: Se encontró V de Aiken con valores > 0,70 para los cuatros ítems. Los valores de asimetría y curtosis fueron de 24,3. Además, el AFE se justifica con un KMO (0,780) y un Bartlett (654,235; gl = 6; p < 0,001). Como resultado todos los ítems se condensaron en un solo factor. Finalmente, los valores (lambda) para el modelo unidimensional fueron significativas (ítem 1 = 0,85; ítem 2 = 0,90; ítem 3 = 0,84; ítem 4 = - 0,40). CONCLUSIONES: La escala de Inseguridad Laboral Percibida (LABOR-PE-COVID-19) es una escala valida, clara y representativa


OBJECTIVE: To determine the psychometric properties of the original four-item Occupational Insecurity Scale in Peruvian workers. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Transversal and instrumental study that took the Work Insecurity Scale to be able to validate it in the context of the COVID-19. With a sample of 332 workers from public and private entities, the form and content of the scale was validated. RESULTS: Aiken's V was found with values > 0.70 for the four items. The values of asymmetry and kurtosis were 24.3. In addition, AFE is justified with a KMO (0.780) and a Bartlett (654,235; gl = 6; p < 0.001). As a result, all items were condensed into a single factor. Finally, the values (Lambda) for the one-dimensional model were significant (item 1 = 0.85; item 2 = 0.90; item 3 = 0.84; item 4 = - 0.40). CONCLUSIONS: The Perceived Insecurity at Work Scale (LABOR-PE-COVID-19) is a valid, clear and representative scale


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Pandemias , Emprego/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Psicometria , Peru
16.
An. psicol ; 36(2): 348-360, mayo 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-192072

RESUMO

The purpose of this research was to empirically test the hypothesis that the organizational psychological safety climate and the perception of organizational politics predict the extent to which employees feel engaged in their work. Using hierarchical linear modeling and data collected from 1,244 employees in 64 organizations, organizational level psychological safety climate and employee-level perception of organizational politics predicted employee work engagement. There was also significant cross-level interaction, so that the negative effect of the perception of organizational politics was amplified in organizations with a positive psychological safety climate. In other words, organizational psychological safety benefits the work engagement of individuals more when they perceive the existence of low organizational politics. The results offer insight into the mechanisms by which the perceived organizational context may influence employees' work engagement and highlight the importance for the perceived organizational consistency in the promotion of work engagement within their organization. Human Resource professionals and managers should promote frequent meetings with the workers and apply other practices that can boost a safe climate for the employees


El propósito de esta investigación fue probar empíricamente la hipótesis de que el clima de seguridad psicológica de la organización y la percepción de las políticas de la organización predicen hasta qué punto los empleados se sienten comprometidos con su trabajo. El uso de modelos jerárquicos lineales y los datos recopilados de 1,244 empleados en 64 organizaciones mostraron que el clima de seguridad psicológica a nivel organizativo y la percepción de la política organizacional a nivel de los empleados predijo el compromiso con el trabajo de los empleados. También hubo una inesperada interacción significativa entre los niveles, de modo que el efecto negativo de la percepción de las políticas organizacionales se amplificó en organizaciones con un clima de seguridad psicológica positivo. En otras palabras, la seguridad psicológica organizacional beneficia más el compromiso de los individuos cuando ellos perciben la existencia de políticas organizacionales bajas. Los resultados ofrecen información sobre los mecanismos por los cuales el contexto organizativo percibido puede influir en el compromiso laboral de los empleados y resaltar la importancia de la coherencia organizativa percibida en la promoción del compromiso laboral dentro de su organización


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Percepção , Política Organizacional , Engajamento no Trabalho , Gestão da Segurança , Análise Multinível , Emprego/psicologia , Local de Trabalho/psicologia
17.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 29(9): 105036, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32807448

RESUMO

AIM: To study the effect of cognitive function, fatigue and emotional symptoms on employment after a minor ischemic stroke compared to non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI). MATERIAL AND METHODS: We included 217 patients with minor ischemic stroke and 133 NSTEMI patients employed at baseline aged 18-70 years. Minor stroke was defined as modified Rankin scale (mRS) 0-2 at day seven or at discharge if before. Included NSTEMI patients had the same functional mRS. We applied a selection of cognitive tests and the patients completed questionnaires measuring symptoms of anxiety, depression and fatigue at follow up. Stroke patients were tested at three and 12 months and NSTEMI at 12 months. RESULTS: The patients still employed at 12 monthswere significantly younger than the unemployed patients and the NSTEMI patients employed were significantly older than the stroke patients (59 vs 55 years, p < .001). In total, 82 % of stroke patients and 90 % of the NSTEMI patients employed at baseline were still employed at 12 months (p = 06). Stroke patients at work after 12 months had higher education than unemployed patients. There were no difference between employed and unemployed patients in risk factors or location of cerebral ischemic lesions. Cognitive function did not change significantly in the stroke patients from three to 12 months. For stroke patients, we found a significant association between HADS-depression and unemployment at 12 months (p = 04), although this association was not present at three months. Lower age and higher educational level were associated with employment at 12 months for all patients. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: Age and education are the main factors influencing the ability to stay in work after a minor stroke. Employed stroke patients were younger than the NSTEMI patients, but there was no difference in the frequencies in remaining employed. The employment rate at 12 months was high despite the relatively high prevalence of cognitive impairment in both groups.


Assuntos
Cognição , Emoções , Emprego/psicologia , Fadiga/psicologia , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/psicologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Escolaridade , Fadiga/diagnóstico , Fadiga/epidemiologia , Feminino , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Mental , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/fisiopatologia , Noruega/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Prognóstico , Retorno ao Trabalho/psicologia , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/fisiopatologia , Fatores de Tempo , Desemprego/psicologia , Adulto Jovem
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32796738

RESUMO

Chronic health workforce shortages significantly contribute to unmet health care needs in rural and remote communities. Of particular and growing concern are shortages of allied health professionals (AHPs). This study explored the contextual factors impacting the recruitment and retention of AHPs in rural Australia. A qualitative approach using a constructivist-interpretivist methodology was taken. Semi-structured interviews (n = 74) with executive staff, allied health (AH) managers and newly recruited AHPs working in two rural public health services in Victoria, Australia were conducted. Data was coded and categorised inductively and analysed thematically. The findings suggest that to support a stable and sustainable AH workforce, rural public sector health services need to be more efficient, strategic and visionary. This means ensuring that policies and procedures are equitable and accessible, processes are effective, and action is taken to develop local programs, opportunities and supports that allow AH staff to thrive and grow in place at all grade levels and life stages. This study reinforces the need for a whole-of-community approach to effectively support individual AH workers and their family members in adjusting to a new place and developing a sense of belonging in place. The recommendations arising from this study are likely to have utility for other high-income countries, particularly in guiding AH recruitment and retention strategies in rural public sector health services. Recommendations relating to community/place will likely benefit broader rural health workforce initiatives.


Assuntos
Pessoal Técnico de Saúde , Mão de Obra em Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Seleção de Pessoal , Reorganização de Recursos Humanos/estatística & dados numéricos , Serviços de Saúde Rural/organização & administração , Emprego/psicologia , Humanos , Serviços de Saúde Rural/estatística & dados numéricos , População Rural , Estados Unidos , Vitória
19.
Psychiatr Q ; 91(4): 1135-1145, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32829449

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in enormous losses in terms of human lives and economy in United States. The outbreak has been continuing to heavily impact the mental health of people. Developing key strategies to prevent mental illnesses is extremely important for the well-being of people. A survey conducted during the last week of March 2020 showed that 72% of Americans felt that their lives were impacted by the outbreak, which was a 32% increase from the survey conducted only 2 weeks earlier. The results show a positive correlation between COVID-19 infections/casualties and growing public concern. These observations suggest possible increase in mental health illnesses in United States as a consequence of the pandemic. The authors review a recently published model on COVID-19 related fear among the people. The fear of being infected or dying from the disease is one of the most significant causes of mental health disorders. Loss of employment or the fear of losing employment is another major concern leading to mental illnesses. Several unique strategies to prevent or mitigate mental illnesses are discussed.


Assuntos
Adaptação Psicológica , Infecções por Coronavirus , Transtornos Mentais/psicologia , Saúde Mental , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Betacoronavirus , Emprego/psicologia , Medo/psicologia , Humanos , Estados Unidos
20.
Heart Lung Circ ; 29(11): 1588-1595, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32839116

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in Australia. Investment in research solutions has been demonstrated to yield health and a 9.8-fold return economic benefit. The sector, however, is severely challenged with success rates of traditional peer-reviewed funding in decline. Here, we aimed to understand the perceived challenges faced by the cardiovascular workforce in Australia prior to the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: We used an online survey distributed across Australian cardiovascular societies/councils, universities and research institutes over a period of 6 months during 2019, with 548 completed responses. Inclusion criteria included being an Australian resident or an Australian citizen who lived overseas, and a current or past student or employee in the field of cardiovascular research. RESULTS: The mean age of respondents was 42±13 years, 47% were male, 85% had a full-time position, and 40% were a group leader or laboratory head. Twenty-three per cent (23%) had permanent employment, and 82% of full-time workers regularly worked >40 hours/week. Sixty-eight per cent (68%) said they had previously considered leaving the cardiovascular research sector. If their position could not be funded in the next few years, a staggering 91% of respondents would leave the sector. Compared to PhD- and age-matched men, women were less likely to be a laboratory head and to feel they had a long-term career path as a cardiovascular researcher, while more women were unsure about future employment and had considered leaving the sector (all p<0.05). Greater job security (76%) and government and philanthropic investment in cardiovascular research (72%) were highlighted by responders as the main changes to current practices that would encourage them to stay. CONCLUSION: Strategic solutions, such as diversification of career pathways and funding sources, and moving from a competitive to a collaborative culture, need to be a priority to decrease reliance on government funding and allow cardiovascular researchers to thrive.


Assuntos
Pesquisa Biomédica , Doenças Cardiovasculares , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Administração Financeira , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pesquisadores , Apoio à Pesquisa como Assunto , Recursos Humanos , Adulto , Austrália , Betacoronavirus , Pesquisa Biomédica/economia , Pesquisa Biomédica/organização & administração , Pesquisa Biomédica/tendências , Emprego/economia , Emprego/psicologia , Feminino , Administração Financeira/métodos , Administração Financeira/organização & administração , Administração Financeira/estatística & dados numéricos , Financiamento Governamental , Humanos , Masculino , Cultura Organizacional , Pandemias , Técnicas de Planejamento , Pesquisadores/economia , Pesquisadores/psicologia , Pesquisadores/estatística & dados numéricos , Apoio à Pesquisa como Assunto/organização & administração , Apoio à Pesquisa como Assunto/tendências , Inquéritos e Questionários , Recursos Humanos/estatística & dados numéricos
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