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1.
BMC Endocr Disord ; 22(1): 78, 2022 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35346169

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Comprehensive, real-world osteoporosis care has many facets not explicitly addressed in practice guidelines. We sought to determine the areas of knowledge and practice needs in osteoporosis medicine for the purpose of developing an osteoporosis curriculum for specialist trainees and knowledge translation tools for primary care. METHODS: This was a retrospective review of referral questions received from primary care and specialists to an academic, multi-disciplinary tertiary osteoporosis and metabolic bone clinic. There were 400 referrals in each of 5 years (2015-2019) selected randomly for review. The primary referral question was elucidated and assigned to one of 16 pre-determined referral topics reflecting questions in the care of osteoporosis and metabolic bone patients. The top 7 referral topics by frequency were determined while recording the referral source. RESULTS: The majority of referrals (71%) came from urban primary care. The most common specialists to request care included rheumatology, oncology, gastroenterology and orthopedic surgery (fracture liaison services). Primary care referrals predominantly requested assistance with routine osteoporosis assessments, bisphosphonate holidays, bisphosphonate adverse effects/alternatives, fractures occurring despite therapy and adverse changes on bone densitometry despite treatment. Specialists most often referred patients with complex secondary bone diseases or cancer. The main study limitation was that knowledge needs of referring physicians were inferred from the referral question rather than tested directly. CONCLUSION: By assessing actual community demand for services, this study identified several such topics that may be useful targets to develop high quality knowledge translation tools and curriculum design in programs training specialists in osteoporosis care.


Assuntos
Fraturas Ósseas , Osteoporose , Medicina Comunitária , Humanos , Osteoporose/terapia , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Estudos Retrospectivos
2.
Ann R Coll Surg Engl ; 104(4): 257-260, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34939845

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to assess faecal immunochemical test (FIT) negativity in terms of its effect on cancer risk in the local symptomatic two-week wait (2WW) population. FIT was introduced to the colorectal 2WW pathway at the start of the pandemic. This study analyses the FIT-negative (<10µg Hb/g) cohort and calculates the relative risk and odds ratio associated with a negative FIT test. METHODS: FIT tests were sent to symptomatic 2WW patients without rectal bleeding, iron-deficient anaemia or palpable mass. Where FIT was <10µg Hb/g investigations were moved to a radiology protocol. RESULTS: The test return rate was 91% with a FIT-negative (<10µg Hb/g) rate of 82%. The FIT-negative group in the symptomatic referral pathway in Cornwall have a low (1.4%) risk of colon cancer but a significant risk (6.6%) when all cancer types are considered. The impact of a negative quantitative FIT changes the odds ratio of a patient having a luminal cancer by 0.26. The odds ratio for 'all cancer' risk was affected by 0.83. CONCLUSION: A negative FIT test within the local NG12 symptomatic patient group signifies a low risk of colon cancer and identifies patients who can be initially investigated with cross-sectional imaging. However, when all cancer types are considered, cancer prevalence in this group remains above 6%. In relative risk terms a negative FIT represents a small change in overall risk and this patient group still qualify for investigation through 2WW pathways.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo , Neoplasias Colorretais , Neoplasias do Colo/diagnóstico , Colonoscopia , Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Colorretais/epidemiologia , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/métodos , Fezes , Humanos , Sangue Oculto , Reto , Encaminhamento e Consulta
3.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 120(4): 225-231, Agosto 2022. tab
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1371502

RESUMO

Introducción. Se ha postulado que el aislamiento social debido a la pandemia de la enfermedad por el coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19, por su sigla en inglés) aumentaría la incidencia de abuso sexual infantojuvenil (ASIJ). Objetivo. Comparar la incidencia y las características de las consultas realizadas en Ginecología en relación con ASIJ antes y durante la pandemia de COVID-19. Materiales y métodos. Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, observacional y comparativo entre las situaciones de sospecha de ASIJ ocurridas durante la pandemia de COVID-19 en relación con las del mismo período del año previo en un hospital pediátrico de alta complejidad. Resultados. Se consignaron 122 consultas por sospecha de ASIJ, 78 en el período previo a la pandemia y 44 en la pandemia. El motivo de consulta al hospital más frecuente, en ambos grupos, fue el relato de ASIJ y, al Servicio de Ginecología en particular, la evaluación de genitales externos. La mayor parte presentó un examen físico normal. Se observó una mayor prevalencia de infecciones de transmisión sexual (ITS) en el grupo de pandemia. Se realizaron más internaciones y denuncias para protección de víctimas en dicho grupo. Se registró que el agresor era conocido de la víctima en casi el 90 % de las víctimas de ambos grupos. Conclusiones. Durante la pandemia se evidenció una disminución en el número total de consultas a Ginecología, de modo que aquellas por sospecha de ASIJ representaron un mayor porcentaje. Sin embargo, las características en relación con la presencia de lesiones graves, infecciones de transmisión sexual o embarazo no se vieron modificadas


Introduction. It has been suggested that the social isolation due to the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) may increase the incidence of child and adolescent sexual abuse (CASA). Objective. To compare the incidence and characteristics of medical consultations made to the Department of Gynecology due to CASA before and during the COVID-19 pandemic. Materials and methods. Descriptive, observational, and comparative study about suspected CASA events occurred during the COVID-19 pandemic compared to those occurred in the previous year at a tertiary care children's hospital. Results. One hundred and twenty-two medical consultations due to suspected CASA were recorded; 78 before and 44 during the pandemic. In both groups, the most common reason for consultation at the hospital was an account of CASA and, at the Department of Gynecology in particular, the external genitalia examination. Most subjects had a normal physical examination. There was a higher prevalence of STI in the pandemic group. In addition, there were also more hospitalizations and police reports for victims protection in this group. The abuser was known to the victim in almost 90% of cases in both groups. Conclusions. During the pandemic, the total number of medical consultations to the Department of Gynecology decreased so the percentage of those due to suspected CASA was higher. However, the presence of severe lesions, STIs or pregnancy did not change


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Criança , Adolescente , Abuso Sexual na Infância/diagnóstico , Infecções Sexualmente Transmissíveis , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Pandemias , Ginecologia , Hospitais Pediátricos
4.
BMC Pediatr ; 22(1): 473, 2022 08 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35932008

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: An effective newborn hearing screening programme has low referral rate and low loss to follow-up (LTFU) rate after referral from initial screening. This systematic review identified studies evaluating the effect of protocol and programme factors on these two outcomes, including the screening method used and the infant group. METHODS: Five databases were searched (latest: April 2021). Included studies reported original data from newborn hearing screening and described the target outcomes against a protocol or programme level factor. Studies were excluded if results were only available for one risk condition, for each ear, or for < 100 infants, or if methodological bias was observed. Included studies were evaluated for quality across three domains: sample, screening and outcome, using modified criteria from the Ottawa-Newcastle and QUADAS-2 scales. Findings from the included studies were synthesised in tables, figures and text. RESULTS: Fifty-eight studies reported on referral rate, 8 on LTFU rate, and 35 on both. Only 15 studies defined LTFU. Substantial diversity in referral and LTFU rate was observed across studies. Twelve of fourteen studies that evaluated screening method showed lower referral rates with aABR compared to TEOAE for well babies (WB). Rescreening before hospital discharge and screening after 3 days of age reduced referral rates. Studies investigating LTFU reported lower rates for programmes that had audiologist involvement, did not require fees for step 2, were embedded in a larger regional or national programme, and scheduled follow-up in a location accessible to the families. In programmes with low overall LTFU, higher LTFU was observed for infants from the NICU compared to WB. CONCLUSION: Although poor reporting and exclusion of non-English articles may limit the generalisability from this review, key influential factors for referral and LTFU rates were identified. Including aABR in WB screening can effectively reduce referral rates, but it is not the only solution. The reported referral and LTFU rates vary largely across studies, implying the contribution of several parameters identified in this review and the context in which the programme is performed. Extra attention should be paid to infants with higher risk for hearing impairment to ensure their return to follow-up.


Assuntos
Potenciais Evocados Auditivos do Tronco Encefálico , Emissões Otoacústicas Espontâneas , Seguimentos , Testes Auditivos/métodos , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Triagem Neonatal/métodos , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto
5.
Front Public Health ; 10: 873192, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35937227

RESUMO

Background: Over one billion people worldwide live with avoidable blindness or vision impairment. Eye Health Programmes tackle this by providing screening, primary eye care, refractive correction, and referral to hospital eye services. One point where patients can be lost in the treatment journey is adherence to hospital referral. Context: Peek Vision's software solutions have been used in Pakistan with the goal of increasing eye health programme coverage and effectiveness. This involved collaboration between health system stakeholders, international partners, local community leaders, social organizers and "Lady Health Workers". Results: From the beginning of the programmes in November 2018, to the end of December 2021, 393,759 people have been screened, 26% of whom (n = 101,236) needed refractive services or secondary eye care, and so were referred onwards to the triage centers or hospital services. Except for a short period affected heavily by COVID-19 pandemic, the programmes reached an increasing number of people over time: screening coverage improved from 774 people per month to over 28,300 people per month. Gathering and discussing data regularly with stakeholders and implementers has enabled continuous improvement to service delivery. The quality of screening and adherence to hospital visits, gender balance differences and waiting time to hospital visits were also improved. Overall attendance to hospital appointments improved in 2020 compared to 2019 from 45% (95% CI: 42-48%) to 78% (95% CI: 76-80%) in women, and from 48% (95% CI: 45-52%) to 70% (95% CI: 68-73%) in men. These patients also accessed treatment more quickly: 30-day hospital referral adherence improved from 12% in 2019 to 66% in 2020. This approach helped to utilize refractive services more efficiently, reducing false positive referrals to triage from 10.6 to 5.9%. Hospital-based services were also utilized more efficiently, as primary eye care services and refractive services were mainly delivered at the primary healthcare level. Discussion: Despite various challenges, we demonstrate how data-driven decisions can lead to health programme systems changes, including patient counseling and appointment reminders, which can effectively improve adherence to referral, allowing programmes to better meet their community's needs.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Pandemias , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Atenção à Saúde , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Paquistão , Encaminhamento e Consulta
6.
Perspect Biol Med ; 65(2): 232-241, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35938431

RESUMO

Hospitals have both a regulatory and an ethical mandate to craft a safe discharge plan for all patients. These plans can become a source of conflict between clinicians and patients when they have differing conceptions of safety and best interests. In bioethics principles this conflict can be characterized as the tension between the patient's right to make medical decisions in accordance with their values, or autonomy, and the clinician's obligation to provide best care to their patients, or beneficence. Employed independently, these principles can be limiting and may not accommodate the nuanced narrative of patients who lack decisional capacity but have expressed clear preferences about where they wish to live. Utilizing case-based discussion, this article explores how the inclusion of Robert Perske's dignity of risk principal in bioethics consultation can support clinicians in expanding their conceptions of beneficence and safety, providing the team with the freedom to craft discharge plans that keep the patient at the center of the narrative.


Assuntos
Bioética , Autonomia Pessoal , Beneficência , Humanos , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Respeito
7.
PLoS One ; 17(8): e0269477, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35913933

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the potential of the use of asynchronous tele-expertise (ASTE) to provide prenatal diagnosis from a medical and economic point of view. POPULATION: Patients screened by a midwife at a primary center. METHODS: A technical and clinical evaluation was conducted retrospectively, and a cost minimization study compared asynchronous tele-expertise to face-to-face consultations that would have been performed without ASTE. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: In our study we assessed the feasibility of ASTE, what were the origins of the requests for expertise, whether patients need to be moved and the reasons for doing so, and the costs of tele-expertise and conventional consultation. RESULTS: In this retrospective analysis 322 advices from 260 patients were interpreted remotely via a platform. The results revealed a 90.68% feasibility of transmitting in a satisfactory and interpretable way ultrasound images and videos via the tele-expertise platform (292/322 files). In our series, asynchronous analysis allowed the required physician to make an accurate diagnosis and identify 74 (28.5%, 95% CI [23% -33.9%]) pregnancies associated with malformations and rule out abnormalities in 186 (71.5%, 95% CI [66.1% -77%]) of the cases. The ASTE was not associated with face-to-face consultations for 72.7% (189/260) of the patients, who without moving, were able to have access to a precise diagnosis by ruling out the presence of anomalies in 163/189 of these patients and confirming them in 26/189 patients. The practice of ASTE would result from a societal point of view, an average saving of 61.8% (€ 120.57) per patient compared to a face-to-face consultation. CONCLUSION: The use of asynchronous tele-expertise (ASTE) using fetal ultrasound, is feasible and may contribute to increased diagnostic accuracy while generating a significant reduction in costs for society.


Assuntos
Diagnóstico Pré-Natal , Telemedicina , Redução de Custos , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Estudos Retrospectivos , Telemedicina/métodos , Ultrassonografia
8.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 22(1): 980, 2022 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35915498

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Community medicine outlets (CMOs) are the first point of call for individuals presenting with cough in Ghana. Although operators of CMOs comprising pharmacists and over-the-counter (OTC) medicine sellers largely support the public-private mix strategy which seeks to engage pharmacies in tuberculosis (TB) case detection, a significant proportion is not involved in TB referral services. The study explores the barriers to and motivation for presumptive TB case referral among CMO operators. METHODS: We used open- and close-ended questions nested in a telephone survey which assessed factors associated with presumptive TB case referral among CMO operators (n = 465). We interviewed participants using computer assisted telephone interviews and analysed the qualitative data using adjusted Mayring's structured qualitative content analysis. RESULTS: Based on participants' own experiences, non-referral was attributed to negative attitudes of presumed cases (48.2%) and inability to meet the financial demands of referred presumed cases (26.3%). Regarding their perception of barriers to TB referral for their professional colleagues, an assumed lack of TB training (44.5%) and an assumed negative attitude of operators (43.6%) were mentioned. From close-ended questions, most chosen barriers to referral were: the assumption of not having seen a presumptive TB case yet (31.8%), lack of TB training (22.2%) and no monetary motivation for operators (10.5%). Most operators (81.6%) view TB referral services as their social responsibility and feel self-motivated to refer cases in order to control the spread of TB in their communities. Of 152 further comments extracted as recommendations to improve referral, 101 (66.4%) of respondents would only refer with the availability of support systems in the form of TB training and making TB diagnostic testing more accessible. CONCLUSION: Operators of CMOs are predominantly self-motivated to refer presumptive TB cases. Barriers to referral might be mitigated by providing more training to operators and specific financial support such as reimbursement of travel costs to presumptive cases.


Assuntos
Motivação , Tuberculose , Medicina Comunitária , Gana , Humanos , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Tuberculose/diagnóstico
9.
Med Trop Sante Int ; 2(2)2022 Jun 30.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35919252

RESUMO

Objective: The aim of this study was to establish the overview of current dermatosis in children in dermatological consultation in Lomé and to deduce the evolutionary trend of these dermatoses between 1992 and 2020. Method: This was a retrospective descriptive study concerning patients aged 0 to 15 years seen in consultation in the public dermatological services of Lomé from January 1, 2010 to December 31, 2019. The reasons for consultation were reviewed and classified into groups of dermatosis (immunoallergic, infectious, inflammatory, tumoral …). The results of this series were compared with those of a similar study carried out in 1992. Results: During the study period, 3 767 children attended showing dermatological condition (14.2% of the dermatological consultations were pediatric). The average age of the patients was 7.4 years and the sex ratio M/F was 0.7. July, August and September were the months with the highest number of consultations. The top three reasons for consultation were eczema (26.6%), prurigo strophulus (15.3%) and atopic dermatitis (4.9%). 51.3% of skin diseases in children were represented by immunoallergic dermatoses, followed by infectious dermatoses 23.6%. The predominant infectious dermatoses were fungal (34.4%) and bacterial (30.3%). Between 1992 and 2019, there was an increase in the prevalence of immunoallergic dermatoses and a reduction in infectious dermatoses. Conclusion: Immunoallergic dermatoses are predominant and clearly increasing among children seen in dermatological consultations in Lomé.


Assuntos
Dermatite Atópica , Dermatopatias Infecciosas , Criança , Dermatite Atópica/diagnóstico , Humanos , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Estudos Retrospectivos , Dermatopatias Infecciosas/diagnóstico , Togo/epidemiologia
10.
Cesk Slov Oftalmol ; 78(4): 160-173, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35922145

RESUMO

AIMS: To describe the aetiology and microbial susceptibility profile of endophthalmitis cases treated at an ophthalmological referral centre in Colombia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective descriptive study was carried out with all endophthalmitis cases referred to the Fundación Oftalmológica de Santander FOSCAL (Floridablanca, Colombia) from 1 January 2012 to 31 December 2015. RESULTS: 121 eyes of 121 patients were evaluated. 77.7% of them were male and the mean age was 42.9 years. Five of them (4.1%) corresponded to endogenous endophthalmitis, and 116 (95.9%) to exogenous endophthalmitis. Of the latter, 66.9% were associated with trauma (almost one-half of them associated with intraocular foreign body), and 29.5% with intraocular surgery. The most common isolated microorganisms in the exogenous endophthalmitis group corresponded to methicillin-resistant and methicillin-sensitive strains of Staphylococcus epidermidis and Staphylococcus aureus, which were mostly susceptible to imipenem, vancomycin and moxifloxacin and resistant to ceftazidime. CONCLUSION: Endophthalmitis is a potentially sight-threatening condition, especially in cases of inadequate treatment. Therefore, antimicrobial therapy should be guided by vitreous humour culture to assure that the causative microorganism is susceptible to the selected agent. The results of our study lead us to propose vancomycin, moxifloxacin or imipenem as first-line antimicrobial options.


Assuntos
Endoftalmite , Infecções Oculares Bacterianas , Adulto , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Colômbia/epidemiologia , Endoftalmite/epidemiologia , Endoftalmite/etiologia , Infecções Oculares Bacterianas/complicações , Infecções Oculares Bacterianas/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Humanos , Imipenem , Masculino , Moxifloxacina , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Estudos Retrospectivos , Vancomicina
13.
PLoS One ; 17(8): e0272570, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35930572

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: With fragile health care systems, sub-Saharan Africa countries like Ethiopia are facing a complex epidemic, and become difficult to control the noble coronavirus. The use of COVID-19 preventive measures is strongly recommended. This study aimed to assess the adherence of COVID-19 mitigation measures and associated factors among health care workers. METHODS: A facility-based cross-sectional study was conducted among health care workers at referral hospitals in the Amhara regional state of Ethiopia from May 15 to June 10; 2021. It was a web-based study using an online questionnaire. STATA 14.2 was used for data analysis. Variables with a p-value<0.05 at 95% confidence level in multivariable analysis were declared as statistically significant using binary logistic regression. RESULT: Adherence to COVID-19 mitigation measures was 50.24% in the current study. The odd of adherence of participants with a monthly income of ≥12801birr was 15% whereas the odds of adherence of participants who hesitate to take the COVID 19 vaccine were 10% as compared to those who don't hesitate. Participants who had undergone COVID-19 tests adhered 6.64 times more than their counterparts. Those who believe adequate measurements are taken by the government adhered 4.6 times more than those who believe not adequate. Participants who believe as no risk of severe disease adhered 16% compared to those with fear of severe disease. Presence of households aged >60years adhered about 7.9 times more than with no households aged>60. Participants suspected of COVID-19 diagnosis adhered 5.7 times more than those not suspected. CONCLUSION: In this study, a significant proportion of healthcare workers did not adhere to COVID-19 mitigation measures. Hence, giving special attention to healthcare workers with a monthly income of ≥12801 birr, being hesitant towards COVID-19 vaccine, being aged 26-30, and perceiving no risk of developing a severe infection is crucial to reduce non-adherence.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Teste para COVID-19 , Vacinas contra COVID-19 , Estudos Transversais , Etiópia/epidemiologia , Pessoal de Saúde , Hospitais , Humanos , Encaminhamento e Consulta
14.
PLoS One ; 17(8): e0270961, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35930579

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Older adults account for a large proportion of emergency department visits, but those with serious life-limiting illness may benefit most from referral to home and community services instead of hospitalization. We aim to document emergency provider perspectives on facilitators and barriers to accessing home and community services for older adults with serious life-limiting illness. METHODS: We conducted interviewer-administered semi-structured interviews with emergency providers from health systems across the United States to obtain provider perspectives on facilitators and barriers to accessing home and community services. We completed qualitative thematic analysis using an iterative process to develop themes and subthemes to summarize provider responses. RESULTS: We interviewed 8 emergency nurses and 10 emergency physicians across 11 health systems. Emergency providers were familiar with local home and community services. Facilitators to accessing these services include care management and social workers. Barriers include services that are not accessible full-time to receive referrals, insurance/payment, and the busy nature of the emergency department. The most helpful reported services were hospice, physical therapy, occupational therapy, and visiting nursing services. Home-based palliative care and full-time emergency department-based care management and social work were the services most desired by providers. Providers expressed support for improving access to home and community services in the hopes of decreasing unnecessary emergency visits and inpatient admissions, and to provide patients with greater options for supportive care. CONCLUSION: Obtaining the perspective of emergency providers highlights important considerations to accessing HCS for older-adults with serious life-limiting illness from the emergency department. This study provides foundational information for futures studies and initiatives for improving access to home and community services directly from the emergency department.


Assuntos
Cuidados Paliativos na Terminalidade da Vida , Idoso , Humanos , Cuidados Paliativos , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Seguridade Social , Estados Unidos
15.
BMC Psychiatry ; 22(1): 533, 2022 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35931980

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Cancer is a primary and challenging health problem, has a significant impact on caregivers, and is a leading cause of emotional responses like depression. Depression is the most common and serious psychiatric disorder that has a considerable effect on the daily life of primary caregivers. Different articles reported that the magnitude of depression was prevalent among primary caregivers of patients with cancer. There is scarcity of published articles about the problem in Ethiopia. This study aimed to assess the prevalence of depression and associated factors among primary caregivers of adult cancer patients at Northwest Amhara Regional States Referrals Hospitals, oncology treatment units, Northwest Ethiopia, 2021. METHODS: An institutional-based cross-sectional study was conducted in Northwest Amhara Regional States Referrals Hospitals. A systematic random sampling technique was used to select 421 participants. The data were collected using interviewer-administered and chart review through structured, pretested Patient Health Questionarie-9 questionnaires. The data were entered into Epi. Data version 4.6 and analyzed using Stata version 14.0. Bivariable and multivariable logistic regression were carried out to identify factors associated with depression. Adjusted odds ratio with a 95% confidence interval and variables with a p-value < 0.05 were considered significantly associated with depression. RESULTS: The prevalence of depression was 45.15%. Being female (AOR = 2.01, 95%, CI: 1.27-3.19), having an average monthly income of < 1000 Ethiopian birr (AOR = 3.54, 95% CI: 1.54-8.13), and primary caregivers of a cancer patient with mixed therapy (AOR = 4.54, 95%, CI: (1.5-13.48) were significantly associated with depression. CONCLUSION: The prevalence of depression among primary caregivers of adult patients with cancer was significant. It's better, health care providers in oncology treatment facilities need to recognize and screen and give special attention to female primary caregivers, having an average monthly income of < 1000 Ethiopian birr, and primary caregivers of a cancer patient with mixed therapy to reduce the risk of developing depression.


Assuntos
Cuidadores , Neoplasias , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/epidemiologia , Etiópia/epidemiologia , Feminino , Hospitais , Humanos , Masculino , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Neoplasias/terapia , Prevalência , Encaminhamento e Consulta
16.
BMC Complement Med Ther ; 22(1): 212, 2022 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35933449

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Complementary Medicine (CM) is widely used internationally but there is limited understanding of the forms of knowledge CM practitioners use in their clinical practice and how they use this knowledge in interactions with patients. This review aims to synthesise the existing evidence on the forms of knowledge that are mobilised, and the role of this knowledge in the interactions between practitioners and patients during CM consultations. It considered a diverse range of CM practice areas to develop a classification of CM practitioners' knowledge use in consultations. METHODS: Systematic searches of health and sociology databases were conducted using core concepts, including complementary and alternative medicine, practitioners, and knowledge. Articles were included where they reported on data from recorded CM practitioner and patient consultations and offered insights into the types and applications of knowledge used in these consultations. 16 unique studies were included in the review. Data were extracted, coded and analysed thematically. RESULTS: Results demonstrate that diverse sources of knowledge were mobilised by practitioners, predominantly derived from the patients themselves -their bodies and their narratives. This reflected principles of patient-centredness. The use of discipline specific forms of knowledge and references to biomedical sources illustrated ongoing efforts towards legitimacy for CM practice. CONCLUSION: CM practitioners are navigating tensions between what some might see as competing, others as complementary, forms of knowledge. The classification system provides a useful tool for promoting critically reflective practice by CM practitioners, particularly in relation to self-assessment of knowledge translation and patient interactions.


Assuntos
Terapias Complementares , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Encaminhamento e Consulta
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35926859

RESUMO

The Psychiatric Consultation Service at Massachusetts General Hospital sees medical and surgical inpatients with comorbid psychiatric symptoms and conditions. During their twice-weekly rounds, Dr Stern and other members of the Consultation Service discuss diagnosis and management of hospitalized patients with complex medical or surgical problems who also demonstrate psychiatric symptoms or conditions. These discussions have given rise to rounds reports that will prove useful for clinicians practicing at the interface of medicine and psychiatry.


Assuntos
Transtornos Mentais , Psiquiatria , Disparidades em Assistência à Saúde , Hospitais Gerais , Humanos , Pacientes Internados/psicologia , Transtornos Mentais/diagnóstico , Transtornos Mentais/epidemiologia , Transtornos Mentais/terapia , Encaminhamento e Consulta
18.
BMC Vet Res ; 18(1): 296, 2022 Aug 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35918681

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Communication skills are a necessary competency in veterinary medicine, and shared decision-making (SDM) between practitioners and patients is becoming increasingly important in veterinary practice as in human medicine. There are few studies that have quantitatively measured SDM in veterinary health care, and the relationship between SDM and consultation satisfaction is unknown. The purpose of this study was to investigate the status of SDM implementation in veterinary hospitals and the relationship between SDM implementation and consultation satisfaction among pet owners. We conducted a cross-sectional study using self-administered questionnaires among pet owners and veterinarians. In total, 77 pet owners who visited a veterinary clinic and 14 veterinarians at the clinics participated in this study. After a veterinary clinic visit, owners were asked to rate their decision-making preferences using the Shared Decision Making Questionnaire for patients (SDM-Q-9) adapted for veterinary medicine, as well as their satisfaction with the consultation. The corresponding veterinarians were asked to complete the veterinary version of the survey (SDM-Q-Doc). RESULTS: Most pet owners (64.9%) preferred SDM in veterinary consultations. Cronbach's alpha coefficient of 0.84 for the veterinary SDM-Q-9 and 0.89 for the veterinary SDM-Q-Doc both confirmed high reliability. The Spearman's correlation coefficient between the SDM-Q-9 and consultation satisfaction was 0.526 (p < 0.001), which was significant. The SDM-Q-Doc was not significantly correlated with either the SDM-Q-9 or pet owner consultation satisfaction. We conducted a sensitivity analysis of correlations among veterinarians; responses on the SDM-Q-Doc to examine the association between the SDM-Q-Doc and SDM-Q-9 and owner satisfaction; the results remained the same and no association was found. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that evaluation of SDM among pet owners was associated with their satisfaction with veterinary consultation. Veterinarians may be able to improve the satisfaction level of pet owners by adopting a consultation method that increases SDM. We did not consider the content of veterinary care or the number of visits to the veterinary clinic; future studies should be conducted to confirm the validity of our results.


Assuntos
Tomada de Decisão Compartilhada , Médicos Veterinários , Animais , Estudos Transversais , Tomada de Decisões , Humanos , Participação do Paciente , Satisfação Pessoal , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários
19.
PLoS One ; 17(8): e0272485, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35921288

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patient satisfaction is a subjective attitudinal response of a client to a health institution's services and a pillar of quality assurance. Patients who are happy with their treatment are much more likely to stick with it, improve quickly, and function normally. Satisfied patients are more compliant, improve faster, and are more functional. However, there haven't been enough studies conducted across the country, and none have been conducted in this study area. As a result, the purpose of the study was to estimate the size of patient satisfaction and associated determinants at Dilla University Referral Hospital's psychiatry unit in Dilla, 2020. METHODS: This was a hospital-based cross-sectional study design utilized using a simple random sampling technique. To assess patient satisfaction, we used the 24-item Mental Health Service Satisfaction Scale which was a validated tool in Ethiopia. The link between the outcome and the independent variable was determined using linear regression analysis (P< 0.05). RESULT: This study enrolled 409 respondents with a response rate of 97%. The overall mean percentage score of patient satisfaction was 55.4% (95% CI (48.4%- 59.2%). Having bipolar disorder diagnosis [ß = -2.93, 95% CI (-4.33, -1.96), p = .000], distance from the hospital [ß = -2.34), 95% CI (-3.765, -1.735), P = .001], waiting time [ß = -2.19, 95% CI (-3.49, -1.10), p = .000], monthly income (2.95, 95% CI (1.65, 5.23) and Urban residence (ß = 1.43, 95% CI (1.03-3.43), p = 0.01) were variables significantly associated with perceived patient satisfaction. CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS: In this study, more than half of the respondents scored above the mean percentage score of patient satisfaction. The amount of time spent in the waiting area and the distance traveled to the hospital were identified as variables that could be improved by working with different stakeholders.


Assuntos
Satisfação do Paciente , Psiquiatria , Assistência Ambulatorial , Estudos Transversais , Etiópia , Hospitais Universitários , Humanos , Pacientes Ambulatoriais , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Inquéritos e Questionários , Universidades
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