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1.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e224013, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1354702

RESUMO

Aim: The aim of the study was to evaluate the cleaning of mandibular incisors with WaveOne Gold® (WO) under different preparation techniques. Methods: A total of 210 human mandibular incisors were selected and divided into seven groups (n = 30), prepared by WO single-files (Small 20/.07 ­ WOS; Primary 25/.07 ­ WOP; Medium 35/.06 ­ WOM; or Large 45/.05 - WOL) and sequential-file techniques (WOS to WOP; WOS to WOM; and WOS to WOL). Further subdivision was made according to irrigation protocol: control group (manual irrigation - CON), E1 Irrisonic® - EIR, and EDDY® - EDD. Debris removal and the smear layer were evaluated by scanning electron microscopy. Data were analyzed by using Spearman's correlation test. The significance level was set at 5%. Results: For debris and smear layer removal, WOS and WOP, EIR differed from CON and EDD (p <0.05). Conclusion: Regardless of the instrumentation used, the agitation of the irrigant solution provided better cleanability. These findings reinforce the need for agitation techniques as adjuvants in cleaning root canal systems in mandibular incisors


Assuntos
Irrigantes do Canal Radicular , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Preparo de Canal Radicular , Endodontia
2.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e225580, jan.-dez. 2022. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1354782

RESUMO

Aim: This study aimed to evaluate the decision-making by patients to replace temporary restorations with permanent restorations after endodontic treatment and to verify the associated factors and evaluate the quality/integrity of the temporary restorative material within one month. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study using non-probabilistic sampling which analyzed patients after one month of endodontic treatment. The self-administered questionnaire contained sociodemographic, treatment decision-making and endodontic treatment questions. The restoration present in the mouth was evaluated in the clinical oral examination. The Poisson Regression test was used to verify the prevalence ratio. Results: The prevalence failure to perform permanent restorations was 61.1% of patients, and 42.7% reported not having adhered. The reasons are lack of time and not knowing the importance of replacing the restoration with a definitive one. The glass ionomer temporary restorative frequency was higher among those who chose not to replace the temporary restoration with a permanent one (PR=5.19; 95%CI 2.10-12.33). In addition, there was an association between the quality of the restorative material and the type of material, and the best clinical quality of the restoration was statistically associated with glass ionomer and composite resin. Conclusions: The findings show the importance of guidance by the dental surgeon in helping patients decide to replace their temporary restoration


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Inquéritos e Questionários , Restauração Dentária Permanente , Restauração Dentária Temporária , Endodontia
3.
Biomed Res Int ; 2022: 2530156, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35941984

RESUMO

Prevalently, there is a primary strategy to cure caries using restorative materials notably bioceramics. Existing synthetic materials stimulate natural tooth structure with acceptable interfacial bonding and esthetic and biomechanical qualities with better durability. Several bioceramics have been introduced and investigated for their potentialities as restorative materials. Biomineralization of tooth initiates repair and regeneration of natural dental tissue and reinstating the integrity of periodontium. In the evolution of bioceramics in the aspects of different essential composition for dental application, recent technology and modern strategies revolutionize the restorative dentistry. Bioglass is one among the important bioceramics as a restorative material, and by regulating the properties of the material, it is possible to construct improved formulation towards restoration. This article reviews the current revolution of endodontics, existing restorative materials, and technologies to be achieve for engineering materials with the better design.


Assuntos
Endodontia , Restauração Dentária Permanente , Odontologia
5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35805624

RESUMO

Three-dimensional printing offers possibilities for the development of new models in endodontics. Numerous studies have used 3D-printed teeth; however, protocols for the standardization of studies still need to be developed. Another problem with 3D-printed teeth is the different areas of literature requested to understand the processes. This review aims to gather evidence about 3D-printed teeth on the following aspects: (1) why they are advantageous; (2) how they are manufactured; (3) problems they present; and (4) future research topics. Natural teeth are still the standard practice in ex vivo studies and pre-clinical courses, but they have several drawbacks. Printed teeth may overcome all limitations of natural teeth. Printing technology relies on 3D data and post-processing tools to form a 3D model, ultimately generating a prototype using 3D printers. The major concerns with 3D-printed teeth are the resin hardness and printing accuracy of the canal anatomy. Guidance is presented for future studies to solve the problems of 3D-printed teeth and develop well-established protocols, for the standardization of methods to be achieved. In the future, 3D-printed teeth have the possibility to become the gold standard in ex vivo studies and endodontic training.


Assuntos
Endodontia , Dente , Assistência Odontológica , Humanos , Impressão Tridimensional
6.
Eur Endod J ; 7(2): 81-91, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35786584

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this systematic review was to comprehensively assess the literature regarding the applications, accuracy, advantages and limitations of dynamic navigation in endodontics. METHODS: Case reports and laboratory studies in the English language, which used the Dynamic Navigation System (DNS) for endodontic application and assessed the accuracy of treatment, the time required for treatment and iatrogenic errors were included. PubMed, Scopus, Embase and Web of Science were searched for eligible articles (up to July 2021). Additional hand searching of four peer-reviewed endodontic journals and a grey literature search were also carried out. A risk of bias assessment was done using the Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI) critical appraisal checklists. Data were extracted based on endodontic application of DNS, tooth type, DNS brand, accuracy, iatrogenic errors, and time taken, followed by qualitative analysis. RESULTS: Fourteen articles (three case reports and eleven in-vitro studies) met the eligibility criteria and were included. The quality assessment revealed a low risk of bias, with mean scores of 83.34% for case reports and 84.09% for in-vitro studies. DNS was used for various clinical applications such as access cavity preparation, pulp canal obliteration, endodontic retreatment and microsurgery. The DNS brands used were Navident, X-guide, ImplaNav, and DENACAM. Due to the nature of the component studies, meta-analysis was not possible. CONCLUSION: Challenging clinical situations like pulp canal obliteration, conservative access preparation, endodontic retreatment and microsurgery can be managed efficiently with fewer iatrogenic errors in a shorter time using DNS. However, this systematic review's evidence is low since the included articles are either case reports or in-vitro studies. Clinical studies are needed to test DNS efficacy among operators, including those who are less proficient and compare the accuracy of currently available systems.


Assuntos
Doenças da Polpa Dentária , Endodontia , Assistência Odontológica , Humanos , Doença Iatrogênica , Projetos de Pesquisa
7.
J Vis Exp ; (183)2022 05 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35695531

RESUMO

Pulp canal obliterations (PCO) are often a consequence of dental trauma, such as luxation injuries. Even though dentin apposition is a sign of vital pulp, pulpitis or apical periodontitis may develop in the long term. Root canal treatment of teeth with severe PCO and pulpal or periapical pathosis is challenging for general practitioners and even for well-equipped endodontic specialists. To ensure detection of the calcified root canal and avoid excessive loss of tooth structure or root perforation, static navigation using templates ("Guided Endodontics") was introduced a few years ago. The general workflow includes three-dimensional imaging using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT), a digital surface scan, and superimposition of both in a planning software. This is followed by virtual planning of the access cavity and the design of a template that will guide the drill to the desired target point. To do this, a true-to-scale virtual image of the drill must be placed in a way that the tip of the drill reaches the orifice of the calcified root canal. Once the template has been fabricated using computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) or a 3D printer, guided preparation of the access cavity can be performed clinically. For research purposes, a postoperative CBCT image can be used to quantify the accuracy of the access cavity performed. This work aims to present the technique of static guided endodontics from imaging to clinical implementation.


Assuntos
Endodontia , Periodontite Periapical , Desenho Assistido por Computador , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Humanos , Tratamento do Canal Radicular
9.
Sci Prog ; 105(2): 368504221103763, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35656775

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to explain the mechanical differences between EdgeTaper Platinum (ETP) and ProTaper Gold (PTG) determining the transition temperatures and the composition of the alloy of ETP, since no data are present in literature. A total of 130 instruments were selected: 65 ETP F2 and 65 PTG F2. 20 instruments per type were submitted to each mechanical tests. The cyclic fatigue and torsional tests were performed at a pre-set temperature of 35 °C ± 1 °C. During the cyclic fatigue test, Time to fracture, number of cycles to fracture (NCF) and the fragment length (FL) were recorded. During the static torsional, Torque to Fracture (TtF) and FL were recorded. The fracture surface of 5 randomly selected fragments from each test was examined through a Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and an EDX analysis was performed. 20 instruments per type were submitted to a bending test The force generated (grams) to bend each was recorded. Recorded data of mechanical and metallurgical tests were statistically analyzed using a one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) test with significance set to a 95% confidence level. ETP F2 showed a higher cyclic fatigue resistance and bending ability than PTG F2, with a statistically significant difference (p < 0.05). PTG showed a higher torsional resistance with a statistically significant difference (p < 0.05). DSC analysis of 5 samples for each instrument type pointed out that the austenite finish temperature of PTG was higher than the ETP, respectively of 49.99 ± 3.31 (°C) and 38.92 ± 1.75 (°C). EDX analysis confirmed the near-equiatomic composition of the Ni-Ti alloys, with a presence of a third component recognized as rubidium in the ETP samples. ETP showed higher flexibility in comparison with PTG, despite the latter is characterized by a more martensitic characterization. since its Af temperature is higher than the ETP.


Assuntos
Endodontia , Temperatura Alta , Metalurgia , Ligas , Endodontia/instrumentação
10.
J Hist Dent ; 70(2): 95-101, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35767298

RESUMO

The historical development of Endodontics as a specialty in Colombia, South America was due primarily to the influence of a few key endodontists from the United States and the industriousness and dynamic vision of leading dental professionals from Bogotá and Medellín, Colombia.


Assuntos
Endodontia , Endodontistas , Colômbia , Humanos , América do Sul , Estados Unidos
11.
Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol ; 49(9): 998-1001, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35672883

RESUMO

Team-based learning (TBL) has been widely applied and evaluated to produce better student outcomes. TBL has been introduced into the clinical pharmacology section of the endodontics clinical course at the School of Stomatology, Wuhan University since 2021. Here, the teaching experience in this course was summarized. The TBL course consisted of a knowledge assignment, intrateam and interteam discussion, practicing, evaluation, cases discussion and examination. The topics of the TBL class included cavity preparation and filling for treatment of dental caries, disinfection, and shaping and filling of root canal for root canal therapy. A total of 64 students participated in the TBL course. The students completed course work and hands-on practice to the satisfaction of the instructor. Furthermore, most participants held positive attitudes toward the TBL course because TBL provided the opportunity for teamwork to enable them to acquire and understand the therapeutic drug and material more quickly and made them more confident in the following practice. Our experience suggested that the application of the TBL contributed to the authentic practice of the endodontics clinical course.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Endodontia , Farmacologia Clínica , Processos Grupais , Humanos , Aprendizagem Baseada em Problemas
12.
BMC Med Educ ; 22(1): 486, 2022 Jun 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35733185

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Identify the objectives and the instructional design of undergraduate endodontics in dental schools in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: The online questionnaire was developed from an original survey conducted in the United Kingdom. The questionnaire was modified for purpose of the study and the region of interest. Then it was directed and emailed to the undergraduate endodontic program directors in twenty-six dental schools in Saudi Arabia. The results were analyzed using descriptive statistics and the Chi-square and Fisher's exact tests. RESULTS: The response rate was 96.15%. The number of credit hours for preclinical endodontic courses was up to four credit hours (84%). Students were clinically trained to do vital pulp therapies (92%), root canal treatment (100%), and root canal retreatment (68%). The majority of dental schools define the minimum clinical requirements (92%). Practical and clinical competency exams were used to evaluate students' performance (92% and 84% respectively). The students were trained to treat cases of minimal (52%) to moderate complexity (48%). Endodontic treatment consent and difficulty assessment form were used by 32% and 60% of dental schools respectively. There was no significant difference in the instructional design between public and private dental schools (P > 0.05). CONCLUSION: The endodontic undergraduate objectives were to graduate competent clinicians who acquired basic science of endodontics and who know their limitations as it is necessary for a safe general dental practice. The use of endodontic treatment consent and case difficulty assessment should be wisely considered in clinical training.


Assuntos
Educação em Odontologia , Endodontia , Estudos Transversais , Endodontia/educação , Humanos , Arábia Saudita , Estudantes
14.
BMC Med Educ ; 22(1): 394, 2022 May 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35606729

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: E-learning has found its way into dental teaching in general and endodontic teaching in particular. The present study aimed to implement a newly developed multimedia learning application and assess its effect on students' first root canal treatment on real patients. With the COVID-19 outbreak, the application's performance was investigated during the pandemic. METHODS: A total of 138 students in the initial clinical endodontic course participated in this study. The control group (n = 49) followed the traditional curriculum, including practice on artificial teeth and face-to-face teaching events. In addition to the traditional curriculum, test group 1 (n = 54) had access to an endodontic e-learning application containing videos demonstrating artificial teeth and patient cases. With the COVID-19 outbreak, test group 2 (n = 35) had no face-to-face teaching; however, endodontic patient treatments were included. The quality of students' first root canal treatment on real patients was compared using performance and radiographic assessment items. Statistical analysis was done using Kruskal-Wallis and chi-squared tests. Test groups received a questionnaire to assess the learning application. Test group 2 also completed a COVID-19-specific survey to measure students' perceptions of how the pandemic affected their endodontic education. RESULTS: The results of endodontic treatments were significantly better for test group 1 (P < 0.001) and 2 (P < 0.001) than for the control group. Likewise, there were significantly fewer treatment errors in test group 1 (P < 0.001) and 2 (P < 0.001). No significant differences were found between test groups 1 and 2. Students of the test groups positively evaluated the e-learning application. Students of test group 2 expressed their fear of negative impacts on their course performance. CONCLUSION: The e-learning application was well-received and seemed to improve endodontic education. The results imply that the quality of education may be maintained by implementing e-learning to compensate for face-to-face teaching. As no difference was found between online and face-to-face teaching, students' and lecturers' concerns that endodontic education is suffering because of the pandemic may be eased.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Instrução por Computador , Endodontia , Cavidade Pulpar , Educação em Odontologia/métodos , Endodontia/educação , Humanos , Projetos Piloto , Estudantes
15.
J Vis Exp ; (183)2022 05 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35604155

RESUMO

In the case of teeth with pulp canal calcification (PCC) and apical pathology or pulpitis, root canal treatment can be very challenging. PCC are common sequelae of dental trauma but can also occur with stimuli such as caries, bruxism, or after placing a restoration. In order to access the root canal as minimally invasive as possible in case of a necessary root canal treatment, dynamic navigation has recently been introduced in endodontics in addition to static navigation. The use of a dynamic navigation system (DNS) requires pre-operative cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) imaging and a digital surface scan. If necessary, reference markers must be placed on the teeth before the CBCT scan; with some systems, these can also be planned and created digitally afterward. By means of a stereo camera connected to the planning software, the drill can now be coordinated with the help of reference markers and virtual planning. As a result, the position of the drill can be displayed on the monitor in real-time during preparation in different planes. In addition, the spatial displacement, the angular deviation, and the depth position are also displayed separately. The few commercially available DNS mostly consist of relatively large camera-marker-systems. Here, the DNS contains miniaturized components: a low-weight camera (97 g) mounted on the micromotor of the electric handpiece utilizing a manufacturer-specific connecting mechanism and a small marker (10 mm x 15 mm), which can be easily attached to an individually manufactured intraoral tray. For research purposes, a post-operative CBCT scan can be matched with the pre-operative one, and the volume of tooth structure removed can be calculated by the software. This work aims to present the technique of guided access cavity preparation by means of a miniaturized navigation system from imaging to clinical implementation.


Assuntos
Endodontia , Dente , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Tratamento do Canal Radicular
17.
J Endod ; 48(7): 909-913, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35421408

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the accuracy and precision of desktop 3D printers when fabricating stents for guided endodontics. METHODS: A stent was designed using planning software for guided endodontic access on a typodont model. Four different 3D printers were used to fabricate an identical stent, one per printer. Each stent was then used to gain access to the artificial endodontic canal on a typodont tooth and was repeated 10 times per stent by the same operator. Each of the accessed typodont teeth were scanned by a reference scanner and then imported into the inspection software. Inspection software used a best-fit alignment to automatically calculate absolute deviation at the base and tip of the bur. RESULTS: The mean distances between the planned and actual positions of the bur were low, ranging from 0.31 to 0.68 mm. Statistically significant differences were found among the 4 groups (F3,36 = 10.67, P < .05). Post hoc comparison revealed that Group Form2 significantly varied from Groups Form3 and Carbon (P < .05 and P < .05, respectively). Group Form3 obtained the most accurate and most precise axial deviations both coronally and apically. CONCLUSIONS: All of the printers tested produced stents for guided access that allowed for a high level of accuracy in obtaining access to the artificial endodontic canal, which would justify the trial of cost-effective 3D printers for guided endodontic access and necessitates further clinical research on teeth with pulp canal obliteration.


Assuntos
Preparo da Cavidade Dentária , Cavidade Pulpar , Impressão Tridimensional , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Análise Custo-Benefício , Preparo da Cavidade Dentária/economia , Preparo da Cavidade Dentária/métodos , Planejamento de Prótese Dentária , Cavidade Pulpar/cirurgia , Endodontia/economia , Impressão Tridimensional/economia , Software , Stents
18.
Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther ; 38: 102835, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35367387

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The choice of parameters in Photodynamic Therapy for endodontic treatment, such as wavelength, energy, application time, and number of sessions can vary based on the characteristics of the procedure and the patient. Providing information supported by scientific evidence in an accessible way to clinicians who are unfamiliar with the literature is necessary. Thus, this study aimed to synthesize a clinical protocol for the use of photodynamic therapy in endodontics in permanent teeth. METHODS: Protocols with high methodological quality were identified using a literature search and the Appraisal of Guidelines Research and Evaluation Instrument (AGREE II), a validated tool for assessing quality. The recommendations of these studies were synthesized and submitted to a group of experts for evaluation and adaptation, and consensus was assessed using the Delphi methodology. RESULTS: The analysis of the literature on the application of antimicrobial photodynamic therapy in endodontics showed that clinical trials with good levels of evidence and clinical recommendations have been reported previously, with two studies identified as having a clinical recommendation level of A1A and an evidence level of A. CONCLUSION: The written protocol was considered to be satisfactory and as having appropriate content validity during the second round of evaluation by the experts. The studies included in this research were predominantly explanatory in nature, highlighting the need for pragmatic designs to increase the degree of clinical applicability.


Assuntos
Endodontia , Fotoquimioterapia , Humanos , Fotoquimioterapia/métodos
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