Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.340
Filtrar
1.
Sci Rep ; 13(1): 14, 2023 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36593362

RESUMO

This study aimed to develop and validate a novel nomogram risk assessment model to predict the possibility of type II endoleak (T2EL)-related re-intervention. The data of 455 patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms who underwent elective endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) procedures between January 2018 and December 2021 at our single center were retrospectively reviewed. Following the implementation of exclusion criteria, 283 patients were finally included and divided into T2EL-related re-intervention (n = 42) and non-T2EL (n = 241) groups. The overall T2EL-related re-intervention rate for 283 patients was 14.8% (42/283). Using multivariate analysis, significant risk factors for re-intervention included age (OR, 1.172; 95% CI, 1.051-1.307; P = 0.004), smoking (OR, 13.418; 95% CI, 2.362-76.215; P = 0.003), diameter of inferior mesenteric artery (IMA) (OR, 21.380; 95% CI, 3.060-149.390; P = 0.002), and number of patent lumbar arteries (OR, 9.736; 95% CI, 3.175-29.857; P < 0.001). The discrimination ability of this risk-predictive model was reasonable (concordance index [C-index] = 0.921; 95% CI, 0.878-0.964). The Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness of fit test was performed on the model, and the chi-square value was 3.210 (P = 0.920), presenting an excellent agreement between the model-predicted and observed values. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve identified that the risk thresholds of re-intervention were a diameter of > 2.77 mm for the diameter of the inferior mesenteric artery and a proportion of < 45.5% for thrombus volume in the aneurysm sac. This novel nomogram risk assessment model for predicting the possibility of patients' T2EL-related re-interventions after EVAR should be helpful in discriminating high-risk patients. Two novel risk thresholds may imply a higher possibility of T2EL-related re-intervention after EVAR.


Assuntos
Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Humanos , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/etiologia , Endoleak/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Nomogramas , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco
2.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 135(21): 2577-2584, 2022 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36583921

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: For patients with severe neck angulation (SNA), hemodynamic and clinical outcomes following endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) are still unclear. This study aimed to explore the influence of SNA on hemodynamic and clinical outcomes following EVAR. METHODS: This study included a hemodynamic analysis and a retrospective cohort study from West China Hospital of Sichuan University between January 2011 and December 2020. The Cox regression model, inverse probability of treatment weighting (IPTW) analysis, sensitivity analysis, and subgroup analysis were applied. Primary outcome was type IA endoleak (T1AEL). RESULTS: In this hemodynamic analysis, nine non-severe neck angulation (nSNA) and 16 SNA idealized models were constructed. We found a significant difference in drag force between SNA and nSNA models (7.016 ±â€Š2.579 N vs. 4.283 ±â€Š1.460 N, P = 0.008), and proximal neck angles were significantly associated with the magnitude of drag force (F = 0.082 × α-0.006 ×â€Šß + 2.818, α: 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.070-0.094; P = 0.001; ß: 95% CI -0.019 to 0.007; P = 0.319). In our cohort study, 514 nSNA patients (71.5 ±â€Š8.5 years; 459 males) and 208 SNA patients (72.5 ±â€Š7.8 years; 135 males) were included, with a median follow-up duration of 34 months (16-63 months). All baseline characteristics were well balanced after IPTW matching. We found that SNA was associated with a significant risk of adverse limb event (hazard ratio [HR] 2.18, 95% CI 1.09-3.12), yet was not associated with T1AEL, overall survival, or reintervention. In patients without proximal or distal additional procedures (DAP), subgroup analyses suggested a significant risk of T1AEL (Proximal: HR 5.25, 95% CI 1.51-18.23; Distal: HR 5.07, 95% CI 1.60-16.07) and adverse limb event (Proximal: HR 2.27, 95% CI 1.01-5.07; Distal: HR 2.91, 95% CI 1.30-6.54) in SNA patients. However, no noticeable difference was observed in patients with proximal or DAP. CONCLUSIONS: SNA has a critical influence on hemodynamic and clinical outcomes following EVAR. Appropriate additional procedures may be of great benefit to SNA patients.


Assuntos
Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Masculino , Humanos , Prótese Vascular , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Estudos de Coortes , Fatores de Risco , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Endoleak/etiologia
3.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(24)2022 Dec 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36555653

RESUMO

Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a frequent aortic disease. If the diameter of the aorta is larger than 5 cm, an open surgical repair (OSR) or an endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) are recommended. To prevent possible complications (i.e., endoleaks), EVAR-treated patients need to be monitored for 5 years following the intervention, using computed tomography angiography (CTA). However, this radiological method involves high radiation exposure in terms of CTA/year. In such a context, the study of peripheral-blood-circulating extracellular vesicles (pbcEVs) has great potential to identify biomarkers for EVAR complications. We analyzed several phenotypes of pbcEVs using polychromatic flow cytometry in 22 patients with AAA eligible for EVAR. From each enrolled patient, peripheral blood samples were collected at AAA diagnosis, and after 1, 6, and 12 months following EVAR implantation, i.e. during the diagnostic follow-up protocol. Patients developing an endoleak displayed a significant decrease in activated-platelet-derived EVs between the baseline condition and 6 months after EVAR intervention. Furthermore, we also observed, that 1 month after EVAR implantation, patients developing an endoleak showed higher concentrations of activated-endothelial-derived EVs than patients who did not develop one, suggesting their great potential as a noninvasive and specific biomarker for early identification of EVAR complications.


Assuntos
Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Humanos , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Endoleak/etiologia , Endoleak/cirurgia , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/cirurgia , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/etiologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
4.
Eur J Cardiothorac Surg ; 63(1)2022 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36484696

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Endovascular aortic arch stent grafting with branched devices has shown initial promising results. The aim of this prospective, multicentre study was to evaluate 3-year outcomes of aortic arch stent grafting with NEXUS® Aortic Arch Stent Graft System (Nexus), a single-branch, bi-modular, off-the-shelf aortic arch stent graft system in high-risk patients. METHODS: Patients treated with Nexus, either under the feasibility clinical study or as compassionate use procedures in 5 centres, were included in this study. The primary end point was overall survival. The secondary end points included the incidence of procedure-related unplanned intervention, stroke, paraplegia and endoleak. Clinical and radiologic follow-up was performed at each study site at 30 days, 6 months and on a yearly basis thereafter up to 3 years postoperatively. RESULTS: We analysed data from a total of 28 patients. The overall median follow-up was 1132 (interquartile range: 809-1537). There were no device or procedure-related deaths between 1 and 3 years. Overall survival at 1 and 3 years was 89% and 71%, respectively. The cumulative incidence of unplanned reintervention at 1 and 3 years was 11% and 29%, respectively. There were no reports of stroke, paraplegia, aneurysm rupture, myocardial infarction or new aortic valve insufficiency. In this study's 1-3 year follow-up period, 1 type Ib (4%), 1 type II (4%) and 2 type III (8%; between Nexus' distal end and Thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) extensions) endoleak were detected. CONCLUSIONS: Endovascular aortic arch exclusion with the single-branch, off-the-shelf Nexus system provides promising clinical and radiologic results at 3-year follow-up in a high-risk patient cohort.


Assuntos
Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Humanos , Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Endoleak/epidemiologia , Endoleak/etiologia , Seguimentos , Estudos Prospectivos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Stents/efeitos adversos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Estudos Retrospectivos
5.
Tex Heart Inst J ; 49(6)2022 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36515934

RESUMO

A 66-year-old man had an enlarging aortic aneurysm sac after an endovascular aortic replacement procedure that had been performed at another institution 4 years previously; it was without any endoleak but was complicated by the occlusion of the left limb, requiring cross-femoral bypass. Current computed tomography revealed dilatation of the proximal neck and the right common iliac artery. A type Ib endoleak was found from the distal end of the right limb of the endograft, possibly secondary to the dilatation of the artery around it; it then pressurized and caused the dilatation of the juxtarenal aorta around the proximal landing zone and induced a concomitant type Ia endoleak. The patient was operated on owing to the risk of rupture. Pelvic ischemia was a concern during decision-making. The patient underwent removal of the endograft and replacement of a bifurcated aortoiliac and femoral graft with good outcome. Midline laparotomy and a supraceliac clamping approach enable the removal of endografts with suprarenal fixation and revascularization of internal iliac arteries. Open repair offers a definitive solution for complicated endoleaks when endovascular options could be risky and ineffective.


Assuntos
Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Masculino , Humanos , Idoso , Endoleak/diagnóstico por imagem , Endoleak/etiologia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese Vascular/métodos , Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/cirurgia , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/complicações , Desenho de Prótese , Resultado do Tratamento , Estudos Retrospectivos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Stents/efeitos adversos , Aorta Abdominal/cirurgia
6.
Radiographics ; 42(6): 1758-1775, 2022 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36190857

RESUMO

Ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) carries high morbidity and mortality. Elective repair of AAA with endovascular stent-grafts requires lifetime imaging surveillance for potential complications, most commonly endoleaks. Because endoleaks result in antegrade or retrograde systemic arterialized flow into the excluded aneurysm sac, patients are at risk for recurrent aneurysm sac growth with the potential to rupture. Multiphasic CT has been the main imaging modality for surveillance and symptom evaluation, but contrast-enhanced US (CEUS) offers a useful alternative that avoids radiation and iodinated contrast material. CEUS is at least equivalent to CT for detecting endoleak and may be more sensitive. The authors provide a general protocol and technical considerations needed to perform CEUS of the abdominal aorta after endovascular stent repair. When there are no complications, the stent-graft lumen has homogeneous enhancement, and no contrast material is present in the aneurysm sac outside the stented lumen. In patients with an antegrade endoleak, contrast material is seen simultaneously in the aneurysm sac and stent-graft lumen, while delayed enhancement in the sac is due to retrograde leak. Recognition of artifacts and other potential pitfalls for CEUS studies is important for examination performance and interpretation. Online supplemental material is available for this article. ©RSNA, 2022.


Assuntos
Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/complicações , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Endoleak/diagnóstico por imagem , Endoleak/etiologia , Endoleak/cirurgia , Humanos , Stents/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
J Card Surg ; 37(11): 3863-3864, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36069162

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Frozen elephant trunk has in recent times become a mainstay for total arch replacement in aortovascular surgery and is indicated to treat a spectrum of complex aortic pathologies. However, despite associated excellent postoperative results it is incredibly important to recognize potential adverse complications such as negative aortic remodeling, endoleak, and distal stent-graft induced new entry so that outcomes can be further improved. AIM OF THE STUDY: Below we provide commentary on a recent article in the Journal of Cardiac Surgery discussing the topic. CONCLUSIONS: Despite the fascinating outcomes of this systematic review and meta-analysis the heterogeneity of the literature regarding these adverse outcomes remains an issue which can only be solved with large multicenter trials directly comparing graft types as well as indications for surgery.


Assuntos
Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica , Implante de Prótese Vascular , /etiologia , Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/etiologia , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese Vascular/métodos , Endoleak/etiologia , Humanos , Stents
8.
J Card Surg ; 37(11): 3848-3862, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36069163

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The introduction of the frozen elephant trunk (FET) technique for total arch replacement (TAR) has revolutionized the field of aortovascular surgery. However, although FET yields excellent results, the risk of certain complications requiring secondary intervention remains present, negating its one-step hybrid advantage over conventional techniques. This systematic review and meta-analysis sought to evaluate controversies regarding the incidence of FET-related complications, with a focus on aortic remodeling, distal stent-graft induced new entry (dSINE) and endoleak, in patients with type A aortic dissection (TAAD) and/or thoracic aortic aneurysm. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A comprehensive literature search was conducted using multiple electronic databases including EMBASE, Scopus, and PubMed/MEDLINE to identify evidence on TAR with FET in patients with TAAD and/or aneurysm. Studies published up until January 2022 were included, and after applying exclusion criteria, a total of 43 studies were extracted. RESULTS: A total of 5068 patients who underwent FET procedure were included. The pooled estimates of dSINE and endoleak were 2% (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.01-0.06, I2 = 78%) and 3% (95% CI 0.01-0.11, I2 = 89%), respectively. The pooled rate of secondary thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) post-FET was 7% (95% CI 0.05-0.12, I2 = 89%) while the pooled rate of false lumen thrombosis at the level of stent-graft was 91% (95% CI 0.75-0.97, I2 = 92%). After subgroup analysis, heterogeneity for distal stent-graft induced new entry (dSINE) and endoleak resolved among European patients, where Thoraflex Hybrid (THP) and E-Vita stent-grafts were used (both I2 = 0%). In addition, heterogeneity for secondary TEVAR after FET resolved among Asians receiving Cronus (I2 = 15.1%) and Frozenix stent-grafts (I2 = 1%). CONCLUSION: Our results showed that the FET procedure in patients with TAAD and/or aneurysm is associated with excellent results, with a particularly low incidence of dSINE and endoleak as well as highly favorable aortic remodeling. However the type of stent-graft and the study location were sources of heterogeneity, emphasizing the need for multicenter studies directly comparing FET grafts. Finally, THP can be considered the primary FET device choice due to its superior results.


Assuntos
Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica , Implante de Prótese Vascular , /complicações , Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/complicações , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Azidas , Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese Vascular/métodos , Desoxiglucose/análogos & derivados , Endoleak/epidemiologia , Endoleak/etiologia , Endoleak/cirurgia , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Stents/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Khirurgiia (Mosk) ; (9): 115-118, 2022.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36073592

RESUMO

Searching for literature data was performed in the PubMed, Scopus and eLIBRARY databases. In the second part, we considered modern classifications of endoleaks type 3, 4 and 5 after endovascular infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm repair, etiology, risk factors, classification of endoleaks. Modern data on effectiveness of their treatment by various methods are presented.


Assuntos
Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Aorta Abdominal/diagnóstico por imagem , Aorta Abdominal/cirurgia , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/complicações , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/diagnóstico , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese Vascular/métodos , Endoleak/etiologia , Endoleak/terapia , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Humanos
11.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 87: 343-350, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35926790

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms, 10-20% has concomitant thoracic aortic pathologies. These are typically managed with staged endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) and thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) due to a perceived higher risk of spinal cord ischemia from a simultaneous intervention. We aimed to determine the outcomes of patients undergoing simultaneous EVAR and TEVAR for concomitant aneurysms. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed using the Vascular Quality Initiative registry from December 2003 to January 2021. Patients undergoing same day EVAR and TEVAR were included and analyzed in accordance with the Society for Vascular Surgery reporting standards. Primary outcomes were technical success and spinal cord ischemia. RESULTS: Simultaneous EVAR and TEVAR were performed in 25 patients. Median age was 75.0 (interquartile range [IQR], 63.0-79.0) years and 20 (80.0%) patients were male. Two (4.0%) patients were symptomatic and 4 (16.0%) presented with rupture. Median maximum infrarenal and thoracic aortic diameter was 57.0 (IQR, 52.0-65.0). Infrarenal aortic neck length was 15.0 mm (IQR, 10.0-25.0), and diameter was 27.0 mm (IQR, 24.5-30.0). Median procedure time was 185.0 min (IQR, 117.8-251.3), fluoroscopy time 32.7 min (IQR, 21.8-63.1), and contrast volume 165 mL (IQR, 115.0-207.0). There were 3 (12.0%) Type Ia endoleaks and 3 (12.0%) Type II endoleaks in EVAR's, with 1 (4.0%) Type Ia and 1 (4.0%) Type II endoleak in TEVARs. In-hospital mortality occurred in 3 (12.0%) patients (1 elective, 2 ruptures). Spinal cord ischemia occurred in 1 (4.0%) patient. This patient had a symptomatic aneurysm. Thoracic coverage extended from Zone 4 to Zone 5 and an emergent spinal drain was placed postoperatively. Symptoms were present on discharge. There was 1 (4.0%) conversion to open repair which occurred in a ruptured aneurysm. Technical success was achieved in 19 (76.0%) patients, however when excluding ruptured aneurysms, was achieved in 17 (81.0%) patients. Follow-up data was available for 19 (76.0%) patients at a median of 426.0 (IQR, 329.0-592.5) days postoperatively. A total of 3 (12.0%) patients died during the late mortality period, at a mean of 509.0 (±503.7) days. Median change in abdominal and thoracic aortic sac diameter was -1.35 mm (IQR, -11.5 to 2.5) and 8.0 (IQR, -10.5 to 12.0), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Simultaneous EVAR and TEVAR for concomitant abdominal and thoracic aortic aneurysms can be performed with low rates of spinal cord ischemia. Short- and mid-term outcomes are acceptable.


Assuntos
Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Isquemia do Cordão Espinal , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Feminino , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/cirurgia , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/etiologia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Prótese Vascular , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Endoleak/diagnóstico por imagem , Endoleak/etiologia , Endoleak/cirurgia , Stents , Resultado do Tratamento , Fatores de Risco , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Isquemia do Cordão Espinal/etiologia , Isquemia do Cordão Espinal/cirurgia
12.
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg ; 64(5): 475-488, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35988861

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Establishing the predictive value of neck characteristics and real achieved sealing zone is essential to foster risk stratified procedure selection and imaging surveillance. This systematic review provides an overview of pre-operative aortic neck characteristics and post-operative real achieved sealing zone and their respective risk of type 1a endoleak and migration after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). METHODS: In agreement with PRISMA guidelines, MEDLINE, Embase, and Cochrane CENTRAL were searched. Data on neck characteristics, sealing zone, and EVAR outcome were extracted. Meta-analyses were performed to investigate the effect of neck diameter, angulation, and shape on type 1a endoleak (total, early ≤ 90 days, and late > 90 days) and migration in patients who underwent EVAR. A qualitative summary was also provided. RESULTS: Thirty-three studies were included. Patients with a larger neck diameter had an increased risk of total type 1a endoleak (nine studies: OR 3.32, 95% CI 2.38 - 4.63), early type 1a endoleak (six studies: OR 2.64, 95% CI 1.27 - 5.48), late type 1a endoleak (six studies: OR 3.26, 95% CI 2.12 - 5.03), and migration (seven studies: OR 2.88, 95% CI 1.32 - 6.26). An angulated neck increased the risk of total type 1a endoleak (seven studies: OR 4.27, 95% CI 1.55 - 11.78) and late type 1a endoleak (seven studies: OR 5.56, 95% CI 2.19 - 14.13). Neck shape was not associated with type 1a endoleak. Neck length and real achieved sealing zone on post-EVAR computed tomography were identified as risk factors for type 1a endoleak and migration through qualitative summary. CONCLUSION: There seems to be some consistent evidence that aortic neck diameter, angulation, and length are associated with the development of type 1a endoleak or migration. Real achieved sealing zone might be an important addition during follow up. However, a small number of studies, with serious limitations, could be included, and there was considerable variability in reporting patients and outcomes. A proposal for standardisation of aortic and EVAR data in future studies is provided.


Assuntos
Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Humanos , Endoleak/diagnóstico por imagem , Endoleak/etiologia , Endoleak/cirurgia , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/cirurgia , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/complicações , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Fatores de Tempo , Fatores de Risco
15.
Ann Thorac Cardiovasc Surg ; 28(4): 286-292, 2022 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35793982

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate tranexamic acid (TA) for the prevention of type II endoleak (EL2) at a high level of evidence by a randomized controlled trial. METHODS: Patients who underwent endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) between May 2017 and January 2020 were included. Patients in the TA group were given 750 mg of TA daily for a month after EVAR. The incidence of EL2, blood coagulation/fibrinolytic ability, and changes in aneurysm diameter were compared between two groups. RESULT: On the 7th day after EVAR, EL2 was found in 14 patients (34.1%) in the TA group and in 7 patients (15.9%) in the non-TA group. It was also found in 12 patients (29.3%) in the TA group and 6 patients (13.6%) in the non-TA group at 1 month after EVAR. There was no significant difference in the incidence of EL2 between the two groups (p = 0.051, 0.08). Blood tests revealed that fibrin degradation product and D-dimer were significantly suppressed in the TA group, there was no significant difference in the change of diameter regardless of the TA intake. CONCLUSION: This study proved anti-fibrinolytic effect of the TA, but it alone had not enough power to decrease EL2 after EVAR.


Assuntos
Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Ácido Tranexâmico , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/complicações , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Endoleak/etiologia , Endoleak/prevenção & controle , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Ácido Tranexâmico/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Khirurgiia (Mosk) ; (7): 77-84, 2022.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35775848

RESUMO

We analyzed the PubMed, Scopus databases and the eLIBRARY electronic library regarding appropriate literature data. In the first part, modern classifications of endoleaks type 1 and 2 after stenting of infrarenal aortic aneurysm are considered. We described causes, risk factors and effectiveness of various treatment options.


Assuntos
Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal , Endoleak , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/diagnóstico , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/cirurgia , Bases de Dados Factuais , Endoleak/diagnóstico , Endoleak/etiologia , Humanos , Fatores de Risco , Stents
17.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 86: 58-67, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35803461

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Challenging aortoiliac anatomy such as short neck and narrow access vessels is responsible for endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm (EVAR) ineligibility in up to 50% of cases. The Ovation stent graft helped widen the range of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) suitable for EVAR thanks to its low-profile delivery system and polymer-filled sealing rings. However, its advantages are offset by a tight sizing chart that can lead to increased risk of type Ia endoleak or endograft infolding from under- or oversizing, respectively. We sought to assess the safety and efficacy of a novel endovascular technique developed to expand the use of the Ovation endograft while avoiding these issues. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of all patients who underwent EVAR with the Ovation endograft at our institution between March 2019 and December 2020. "Aortic Balloon Molding" or ABM is a novel endovascular technique in which the graft is pre-cannulated and a compliant aortic balloon is inflated at the site of the graft's sealing rings during polymer administration. The technique was preferentially performed in patients with hostile neck anatomy (HNA) defined as any or all of angulation >60°, reverse taper configuration, ≥50% circumferential thrombus, or calcification. Patients undergoing traditional deployment were compared to those in whom ABM was performed. End points included neck-related adjunctive procedures, technical success, type Ia endoleak at completion angiogram, and 1-year freedom from type Ia endoleak and migration. RESULTS: A total of 43 patients were included in the study, of which 26 (60.5%) were treated with the ABM technique. Mean follow-up was 7.9 ± 6 months. Patients in the ABM group were more likely to have a reverse taper neck (61.5% vs. 41.2%, P = 0.1), have significant circumferential thrombus or calcium (23.1% vs. 5.9%, P = 0.1), and be treated outside of the Ovation indications for use regarding anatomic characteristics (65.4% vs. 41.2%, P = 0.1). Technical success was achieved in 100% of cases. However, patients in the ABM group were less likely to require a neck-related adjunctive procedure (7.7% vs. 23.5%, P = 0.1). Only 1 type Ia endoleak was observed at completion angiogram in a patient treated without ABM. At 1 year, freedom from type Ia endoleak or migration was 100% for both groups. CONCLUSIONS: ABM proves to be a safe and effective adjunctive technique for the treatment of AAAs with HNA using the Ovation stent graft. This may allow optimal endograft sizing to achieve adequate seal in complex aortic anatomies. Further research is warranted to evaluate the long-term outcomes of this technique.


Assuntos
Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Humanos , Endoleak/diagnóstico por imagem , Endoleak/etiologia , Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/cirurgia , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/complicações , Stents/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Polímeros , Desenho de Prótese
20.
Eur J Cardiothorac Surg ; 62(2)2022 07 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35876861

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Our goal was to analyse the relationships between aortic surface irregularity and a type 1 endoleak (T1EL) after a thoracic endovascular repair using the Najuta fenestrated stent graft. METHODS: The patients who were treated using the Najuta stent graft for an intact aortic arch aneurysm at the Saitama Cardiovascular and Respiratory Center between June 2013 and June 2017 were analysed retrospectively. The primary end point was the occurrence of a T1EL. The gap between a virtual aorta and the patient's aortic wall at the stent graft fixation was calculated over the whole circumference at 1 mm intervals, and gap distribution mapping was performed. The rate of freedom from a T1EL was estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method and compared between the patients with or without a continuously malapposed region of >1 mm from the branches to the aneurysm. RESULTS: Twenty-one patients were analysed. During the mean follow-up period of 21.7 months, 4 patients were confirmed to have T1ELs. Three of the T1Els were detected during the perioperative period and occurred through a fenestration. The remaining patient had a T1EL 2 years postoperatively. The gap distribution mapping confirmed the presence of a continuously malapposed region of >1 mm from the cervical branch to the aneurysm postoperatively in 4 patients with T1ELs. Patients who had a continuously malapposed region of >1 mm showed a statistically lower T1EL rate than those without (p < 0.001). Malapposed regions defined using the gap distribution mapping were consistent with flow channels through T1EL fenestrations detected using the perioperative computed tomography data. CONCLUSIONS: The gap distribution mapping could be useful to predict the occurrence of T1ELs in patients with the Najuta stent graft.


Assuntos
Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Procedimentos Endovasculares , /cirurgia , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/etiologia , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese Vascular/métodos , Endoleak/etiologia , Endoleak/cirurgia , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Humanos , Desenho de Prótese , Estudos Retrospectivos , Stents/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...