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1.
Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue ; 31(6): 699-703, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31315726

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate influences of estrogen-related receptor α(ERRα) on pulmonary vascular endothelium of rats undergoing sepsis. METHODS: Male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were divided into four groups according to the random number table method (12 in each group): normal control group (NC group), sham operation group (Sham group), sepsis model caused by cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) group (CLP group), XCT790 intervention group (XCT790 group, given the XCT790 2.5 mg/kg via intraperitoneal injection 30 minutes before CLP). After 24 hours, rats were sacrificed and the organs were harvested. The pathological changes of lung tissue were observed using hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining, and the ultrastructural changes of lung tissue were observed by double staining of uranium citrate with lead acetate, the degree of apoptosis of pulmonary capillary endothelial cells were observed by TdT-mediated dUTP nike end labeling stain (TUNEL), the permeability of lung vascular endothelial was detected by Evans blue (EB) staining, the levels of serum cytokines were detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and white blood cell count in bronchial alveolar lavage fluid (BALF) was detected. RESULTS: Compared with NC group and Sham group, the CLP group and XCT790 group had severe pathological damage and increased lung tissue permeability, the levels of serum cytokines and white blood cell count in BALF were increased. Compared with CLP group, the pathological changes of lung tissue, the degree of ultrastructural damage of lung tissue, the degree of apoptosis of lung capillary endothelial cells in XCT790 group further intensified, the permeability of lung endothelial barrier further increased [the content of EB (µg/g): 116.00±15.46 vs. 60.19±19.79, P < 0.05], and the level of serum cytokines further increased [interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß, ng/L): 71.38±4.01 vs. 56.58±2.45, interleukin-6 (IL-6, ng/L): 741.62±88.94 vs. 534.22±72.70, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α, ng/L): 188.55±7.41 vs. 143.33±11.27, all P < 0.05], the white blood cell count in the BALF increased further (×104/L: 193.79±27.46 vs. 99.34±36.41, P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: ERRα can aggravate inflammation in sepsis rats, destroy lung tissue and increase pulmonary permeability.


Assuntos
Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Receptores Estrogênicos/metabolismo , Sepse/patologia , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Masculino , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
2.
Life Sci ; 232: 116624, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31276689

RESUMO

AIMS: Monocyte-endothelial adhesion is considered to be the primary initiator of inflammatory vascular diseases, such as atherosclerosis. Connexin 43 (Cx43) has been reported to play an important part in this process, however, the underlying mechanisms are not fully understood. Intravenous anesthetics, propofol is commonly used in the perioperative period and in the intensive care unit, and considered to have good anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects. Thus, we speculate that propofol could influence monocyte-endothelial adhesion, and explore whether its possible mechanism is relative with Cx43 expression in U937 monocytes influencing cell adhesion of U937 monocytes to human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC). MAIN METHODS: Cx43-siRNAs or pc-DNA-Cx43 were used to alter Cx43 expression in U937 monocytes. Propofol was given as pretreatments to U937 monocytes. Then, cell adhesion, ZO-1, LFA-1, VLA-4, COX and MCP-1 were determined. PI3K/AKT/NF-κB signaling pathway was explored to clarify the possible mechanism. KEY FINDINGS: Alternation of Cx43 expression affects cell adhesion and adhesion molecules significantly, such as ZO-1, LFA-1, VLA-4, COX-2 and MCP-1, the mechanism of which is relative with Cx43 influencing the activation of PI3K/AKT/NF-κB signaling pathway. Preconditioning with propofol at its clinically relevant anesthesia concentration attenuates cell adhesion. Propofol not only decreases Cx43 expression in U937 monocytes, but also depresses the activation of PI3K/AKT/NF-κB signaling pathway. SIGNIFICANCE: Modulation Cx43 expression in U937 monocytes could affect cell adhesion via regulating the activation of PI3K/AKT/NF-κB signaling pathway. Propofol attenuates cell adhesion via inhibiting Cx43 and its downstream signaling pathway of PI3K/AKT/NF-κB.


Assuntos
Adesão Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Monócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Propofol/farmacologia , Aterosclerose/metabolismo , Moléculas de Adesão Celular/metabolismo , Conexina 43/efeitos dos fármacos , Conexina 43/genética , Conexina 43/metabolismo , Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/metabolismo , Humanos , Molécula 1 de Adesão Intercelular/metabolismo , Monócitos/fisiologia , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Propofol/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Células U937/metabolismo , Molécula 1 de Adesão de Célula Vascular/metabolismo
3.
Life Sci ; 232: 116662, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31323271

RESUMO

AIMS: Vascular endothelial cells act as a selective barrier between circulating blood and vessel wall and play an important role in the occurrence and development of cardiovascular diseases. Astragaloside IV (As-IV) has a protective effect on vascular endothelial cells, but its underlying mechanism remains unclear. This study is aimed at investigating the effect of As-IV on endothelial dysfunction (ED). METHODS: Male Sprague-Dawley (SD) were injected intraperitoneally with 65 mg/kg streptozotocin (STZ) to induce diabetes and then administered orally with As-IV (40, 80 mg/kg) for 8 weeks. Vascular function was evaluated by vascular reactivity in vivo and in vitro. The expression of calpain-1 and eNOS in the aorta of diabetic rats was examined by western blot. NO production was measured using nitrate reductase method. Oxidative stress was determined by measuring SOD, GSH-px and ROS. RESULTS: Our results showed that As-IV administration significantly improved diabetes associated ED in vivo, and both NAC (an antioxidant) and MDL-28170 (calpain-1 inhibitor) significantly attenuated hyperglycemia-induced ED in vitro. Meanwhile, pretreatment with the inhibitor l-NAME nearly abolished vasodilation to ACh in all groups of rats. Furthermore, As-IV increased NO production and the expression of eNOS in the thoracic aorta of diabetic rats. In addition, the levels of ROS were significantly increased, and the activity of SOD and GSH-px were decreased in diabetic rats, while As-IV administration reversed this change in a concentration-dependent manner. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that As-IV improves endothelial dysfunction in thoracic aortas from diabetic rats by reducing oxidative stress and calpain-1.


Assuntos
Calpaína/metabolismo , Endotélio Vascular/efeitos dos fármacos , Hiperglicemia/patologia , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Saponinas/farmacologia , Triterpenos/farmacologia , Acetilcisteína/farmacologia , Animais , Aorta Torácica/efeitos dos fármacos , Aorta Torácica/metabolismo , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Inibidores de Cisteína Proteinase/farmacologia , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/metabolismo , Dipeptídeos/farmacologia , Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Endotélio Vascular/patologia , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana , Humanos , Hiperglicemia/metabolismo , Masculino , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo III/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Estreptozocina , Vasodilatação/efeitos dos fármacos
4.
Life Sci ; 229: 116-123, 2019 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31082401

RESUMO

AIMS: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is the leading cause of non-traumatic neurological disability in young adults, and its diagnosis is often delayed due to the lack of diagnostic markers. Initiation of disease -modifying therapy in the early stages of MS is especially critical because currently available therapy mostly target relapsing-remitting MS, and is less effective as disease progresses into the more chronic form of secondary-progressive MS. Therefore, exploring specific and sensitive biomarkers will facilitate an expedited and more accurate diagnosis to allow currently available therapies to be more effective. MAIN METHODS: Western blotting was conducted to detect the expression of neurolymphatic proteins in human brain endothelial cells in culture. Additionally, using a cohort of 150 patients with relapsing remitting MS, 26 with secondary progressive MS, and 60 healthy control samples, neurolymphatic protein expression was detected in serum samples using dot blot analysis. KEY FINDINGS: Human brain microvascular endothelial cells express neurolymphatic markers. Neurolymphatic protein abundance increases with tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α stimulation but decreases with interferon (IFN)- γ or combined (TNF + IFN) treatment. Circulating neurolymphatic protein levels is significantly lower in MS patients. Further, one of the markers, FOXC2, is associated with the clinical stages of MS, with significantly lower expression in secondary progressive MS compared to relapsing remitting MS. SIGNIFICANCE: Our findings describe brain endothelial expression of neurolymphatic proteins, which is altered under inflammatory stress, and provide a possibility of using a collective pool of circulating neurolymphatic proteins as a diagnostic and prognostic biomarker of MS.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores/sangue , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Inflamação/sangue , Esclerose Múltipla Crônica Progressiva/sangue , Esclerose Múltipla Recidivante-Remitente/sangue , Esclerose Múltipla/sangue , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Células Cultivadas , Células Endoteliais/citologia , Células Endoteliais/imunologia , Endotélio Vascular/citologia , Endotélio Vascular/imunologia , Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Inflamação/diagnóstico , Inflamação/imunologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Esclerose Múltipla/diagnóstico , Esclerose Múltipla/imunologia , Esclerose Múltipla Crônica Progressiva/diagnóstico , Esclerose Múltipla Crônica Progressiva/imunologia , Esclerose Múltipla Recidivante-Remitente/diagnóstico , Esclerose Múltipla Recidivante-Remitente/imunologia
5.
Life Sci ; 229: 67-79, 2019 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31085245

RESUMO

Endothelial dysfunction and vascular reactivity defects secondary to metabolic and immunological disorders carry risk of serious cardiovascular complications. Here, the effects of the phosphodiesterase (PDE) inhibitors vardenafil and cilostazol were examined against rheumatoid arthritis (RA)/diabetes mellitus (DM)-co-morbidity-induced endothelial dysfunction and vascular reactivity defects. After setting of RA/DM-co-morbidity model, rats were divided into a normal control group, an RA/DM-co-morbidity group, and two treatment groups receiving oral vardenafil (10 mg/kg/day) and cilostazol (30 mg/kg/day) for 21 days after RA/DM-co-morbidity induction. Aorta was isolated for biochemical estimations of the pro-inflammatory vasoconstrictor molecules angiotensin-II (Ang-II) and endothelin-1 (ET-1), the adhesion molecules P-selectin and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1), the energy sensor adenosine-5'-monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK), and the vasodilator anti-inflammatory molecule vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and western blot analysis. Immunohistochemical estimations of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 were performed coupled with histopathological examination using routine hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) and special Masson trichrome staining. The in vitro study was conducted using aortic strips where cumulative concentration response curves were done for the endothelium-dependent relaxing factor acetylcholine and the endothelium-independent relaxing factor sodium nitroprusside after submaximal contraction with phenylephrine. Vardenafil and cilostazol significantly improved endothelial integrity biomarkers in vivo supported with histopathological findings in addition to improved vasorelaxation in vitro. Apart from their known PDE inhibition, up-regulation of vascular AMPK and eNOS coupled with down-regulation of Ang-II, ET-1, P-selectin, VCAM-1 and MMP-2 may explain vardenafil and cilostazol protective effect against RA/DM-co-morbidity-induced endothelial dysfunction and vascular reactivity defects.


Assuntos
Artrite Experimental/complicações , Artrite Reumatoide/complicações , Doenças Cardiovasculares/tratamento farmacológico , Cilostazol/farmacologia , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/complicações , Endotélio Vascular/efeitos dos fármacos , Dicloridrato de Vardenafila/farmacologia , Vasodilatadores/farmacologia , Animais , Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/metabolismo , Comorbidade , Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Endotélio Vascular/patologia , Feminino , Ratos
6.
DNA Cell Biol ; 38(7): 597-606, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31095428

RESUMO

Mitochondria are highly dynamic organelles beyond powerhouses of a cell. These components also play important roles in cell homeostasis by regulating cell function and phenotypic modulation. Atherosclerosis is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in developed and developing countries. Mitochondrial dysfunction has been increasingly associated with the initiation and progression of atherosclerosis by elevating the production of reactive oxygen species and mitochondrial oxidative stress damage, mitochondrial dynamics dysfunction, and energy supply. In this review, we describe the progression of the link between mitochondrial dysfunction and atherosclerosis and its potential regulation mechanisms.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose/metabolismo , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Animais , Aterosclerose/patologia , Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Humanos , Ativação de Macrófagos , Músculo Liso Vascular/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo
7.
Gene ; 709: 1-7, 2019 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31108165

RESUMO

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a chronic, multifactorial metabolic disease whereby insulin deficiency or resistance results in hyperglycemia. A sustained high glucose environment results in inflammation and endothelial cell dysfunction. However, the underlying mechanisms are still not entirely clear. Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are recognized as functional non-coding RNAs involved in diverse biological processes, including DM. Previous studies have found that hsa_circ_0068087 is increased in DM patients. In order to identify whether hsa_circ_0068087 plays a role in high glucose (HG)-induced inflammation and endothelial cell dysfunction Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cell (HUVECs), quantitative reverse transcription PCR (qRTPCR), tube formation assay, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and bifluorescein reporter experiments were employed in this study. The results showed that the expression of hsa_circ_0068087 was upregulated in HUVECs following increases in glucose. Knockdown of hsa_circ_0068087 suppressed HG-induced HUVEC dysfunction and inflammation by suppression of the TLR4/NF-κB/NLRP3 inflammasome signaling pathway. Downregulation of miR-197 reversed hsa_circ_0068087 silence-induced HUVEC dysfunction and inflammation in the HG condition. It was found that TLR4 was the target of miR-197 and that overexpression of TLR4 ameliorated miR-197-induced HUVEC dysfunction and inhibited inflammation in the HG condition. Bifluorescein report experiments confirmed that miR-197 is a potential target of hsa_circ_0068087 and that TLR4 is a potential miR-197 target. Taken together, these results suggest that downregulation of hsa_circ_0068087 ameliorates TLR4/NF-κB/NLRP3 inflammasome-mediated inflammation and endothelial cell dysfunction in the high glucose condition by sponging miR-197.


Assuntos
Glucose/farmacologia , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/metabolismo , Inflamassomos/fisiologia , Inflamação/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , RNA/genética , Células Cultivadas , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Regulação para Baixo/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação para Baixo/genética , Endotélio Vascular/efeitos dos fármacos , Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Endotélio Vascular/fisiopatologia , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Humanos , Inflamassomos/efeitos dos fármacos , Inflamassomos/genética , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Inflamação/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/efeitos dos fármacos , MicroRNAs/genética , RNA/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Transdução de Sinais/genética
8.
Food Chem Toxicol ; 129: 291-300, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31059746

RESUMO

Methylglyoxal (MGO), a cytotoxic factor, reacts irreversibly with the side chains of lysine, cysteine, and arginine residues in proteins to form advanced glycation end products (AGEs) which might be a major pathological factor associated with diabetic complications. Thus, it is necessary to prevent or alleviate such diseases through inhibiting the formation of AGEs or lowering these AGEs-induced cellular damages. Based on our previous work, it was known that phloretin, an apple polyphenol, can inhibit the formation of AGEs under simulated physiological conditions. In this study, we found that phloretin prevented the formation of AGEs through trapping MGO in human umbilical endothelial cells (HUVECs). The phloretin-MGO adducts were analyzed in PBS and HUVECs. Surprisingly, only 1 MGO-phloretin adduct was detected in HUVECs, which was formed within 0.5 h and metabolized eventually within 24 h. The specific phloretin-MGO adduct was synthesized and identified by MS and NMR analysis. Its anti-inflammatory effect against AGEs was further investigated together with the parent compound, phloretin, which was proved to be through RAGE/p38 MAPK/NF-κB signaling pathway. Taken together, our data indicated the positive role of phloretin-MGO adduct on phloretin's protective effects, which might offer a new insight into the action mechanism of polyphenols against AGEs-induced damages.


Assuntos
Endotélio Vascular/efeitos dos fármacos , Produtos Finais de Glicação Avançada/metabolismo , Inflamação/metabolismo , Floretina/farmacologia , Aldeído Pirúvico/farmacologia , Sistema Livre de Células , Endotélio Vascular/citologia , Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana , Humanos , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Floretina/química , Polifenóis/farmacologia , Aldeído Pirúvico/química , Receptor para Produtos Finais de Glicação Avançada/metabolismo , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo
9.
Med Sci Monit ; 25: 3199-3211, 2019 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31040263

RESUMO

BACKGROUND The processes of mechanical ventilation-induced lung injury (VILI) triggers the release of high-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1), a prominent damage-associated molecular pattern (DAMP) family member, which can cause damage to pulmonary vascular endothelial cells. We aimed to determine whether propofol protected against endothelial cell injury induced by HMGB1 in vitro and in vivo. MATERIAL AND METHODS ICR mice (male) were mechanically ventilated for 4 h after anesthetization at both low tidal volume (LVT, 6 ml/kg) and high tidal volume (HVT, 30 ml/kg). A propofol bolus (10 mg/kg) was administered to the animals prior to the onset of ventilation, followed by infusion at 5 mg/(kg·h). We obtained confluent cultures of mouse lung vascular endothelial cells (MLVECs) and then performed cyclic stretching at 20% stretch for 4 h with or without propofol. RESULTS HMGB1 reduced the expression of tight junctions between endothelial cells, including VE-cadherin and ZO-1, and increased endothelial permeability, and both were blocked by propofol. We found that MLVECs exhibited mitochondrial oxidative damage by HMGB1, which was successfully suppressed through administration of MnTBAP as well as propofol. Propofol ameliorated HVT-associated lung vascular hyperpermeability and HMGB1 production in vivo. Propofol also inhibited HMBG1 release caused by cyclic stretching in MLVECs in vitro. CONCLUSIONS Our results prove that the cyto-protective function of propofol protects against lung ventilation-induced dysfunction of the lung endothelial barrier. This function of propofol is mediated through inhibition of HMGB1 release caused by mechanical stretching and mitochondrial oxidative damage triggered by HMGB1.


Assuntos
Endotélio Vascular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteína HMGB1/metabolismo , Pulmão/irrigação sanguínea , Pulmão/efeitos dos fármacos , Mitocôndrias/efeitos dos fármacos , Propofol/farmacologia , Lesão Pulmonar Induzida por Ventilação Mecânica/tratamento farmacológico , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/metabolismo , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/patologia , Animais , Catálise , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Células Endoteliais/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Endotélio Vascular/patologia , Proteína HMGB1/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteína HMGB1/genética , Proteína HMGB1/farmacologia , Humanos , Pulmão/metabolismo , Pulmão/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , RNA/genética , RNA/metabolismo , Proteínas Recombinantes/farmacologia , Respiração Artificial/efeitos adversos , Volume de Ventilação Pulmonar , Lesão Pulmonar Induzida por Ventilação Mecânica/metabolismo , Lesão Pulmonar Induzida por Ventilação Mecânica/patologia
10.
Mol Cell Biochem ; 458(1-2): 133-142, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31093850

RESUMO

Changes in the ecto-5'-nucleotidase activity-an extracellular nucleotide catabolic enzyme may lead to the inflammation and endothelial dysfunction. We investigated the effect of CD73 deletion on the endothelial function and L-arginine metabolism in various age groups of mice. 1-,3-,6-, and 12-month-old, male C57BL/6 J wild type (WT) and C57BL/6 J CD73-/- (CD73-/-) mice were used. Blood samples were used for the analysis of adenine nucleotide concentrations. Serum samples were analyzed for the concentration of amino acids, Interleukin 6 (IL-6), Intercellular Adhesion Molecule 1 (ICAM-1), Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule 1 (VCAM-1), and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) level. Serum and aortic nitrate/nitrite, as well as aortic arginase and NOS activity in endothelial cells (EC) were evaluated. CD73 deletion led to age-dependent increase in IL-6, ICAM-1, and VCAM-1 concentration compared to WT. All CD73-/- mice age groups were characterized by reduced L-Arginine concentration and eNOS level. Significantly lower NOS activity was noticed in EC isolated from CD73-/- mice lungs in comparison to EC isolated from WT lungs. The L-Arginine/ADMA ratio in the CD73-/- decreased in age-dependent manner in comparison to WT. The nitrate/nitrite ratio was reduced in serum and in aortas of 6-month-old CD73-/- mice as compared to WT. The ornithine/arginine and ornithine/citrulline ratios were increased in CD73-/- compared to controls. Blood (erythrocyte) Adenosine-5'-triphosphate and Adenosine-5'-diphosphate levels were reduced in favor to higher blood Adenosine-5'-monophosphate concentration in CD73-/- mice in comparison to WT. The CD73 deletion leads to the development of age-dependent endothelial dysfunction in mice, associated with impaired L-arginine metabolism. CD73 activity seems to protect endothelium.


Assuntos
5'-Nucleotidase/deficiência , Arginina/sangue , Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Difosfato de Adenosina/sangue , Difosfato de Adenosina/genética , Trifosfato de Adenosina/sangue , Trifosfato de Adenosina/genética , Animais , Arginina/genética , Endotélio Vascular/patologia , Molécula 1 de Adesão Intercelular/sangue , Molécula 1 de Adesão Intercelular/genética , Interleucina-6/sangue , Interleucina-6/genética , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo III/sangue , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo III/genética , Molécula 1 de Adesão de Célula Vascular/sangue , Molécula 1 de Adesão de Célula Vascular/genética
11.
Science ; 364(6436): 188-193, 2019 04 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30975888

RESUMO

Notch signaling is a core patterning module for vascular morphogenesis that codetermines the sprouting behavior of endothelial cells (ECs). Tight quantitative and temporal control of Notch activity is essential for vascular development, yet the details of Notch regulation in ECs are incompletely understood. We found that ubiquitin-specific peptidase 10 (USP10) interacted with the NOTCH1 intracellular domain (NICD1) to slow the ubiquitin-dependent turnover of this short-lived form of the activated NOTCH1 receptor. Accordingly, inactivation of USP10 reduced NICD1 abundance and stability and diminished Notch-induced target gene expression in ECs. In mice, the loss of endothelial Usp10 increased vessel sprouting and partially restored the patterning defects caused by ectopic expression of NICD1. Thus, USP10 functions as an NICD1 deubiquitinase that fine-tunes endothelial Notch responses during angiogenic sprouting.


Assuntos
Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Neovascularização Fisiológica/fisiologia , Proteólise , Receptor Notch1/metabolismo , Ubiquitina Tiolesterase/fisiologia , Animais , Células HEK293 , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Neovascularização Fisiológica/genética , Domínios Proteicos , Estabilidade Proteica , RNA Interferente Pequeno/genética , Transdução de Sinais , Ubiquitina Tiolesterase/genética
12.
Transplant Proc ; 51(3): 972-978, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30979490

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Kidney ischemia and reperfusion injury could cause microvascular barrier dysfunction, lung inflammatory cascades activation, and programmed cell death of pulmonary endothelium, leading to acute lung injury. Our study aimed at determining whether erythropoietin (EPO) can ameliorate lung dysfunction following renal ischemia and reperfusion (IR) injury and explored the underlying mechanisms. METHODS: In vivo, C57BL/6 mice received EPO (6000 U/kg) before right renal vascular pedicles clamping for 30 minutes, followed by 24 hours of reperfusion. The lung histopathologic changes and inflammatory cytokines expression were assessed. In vitro, cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells were treated with EPO, and apoptosis rate, proliferation capacity, and phosphorylation status of the Janus kinase-signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (Jak-STAT3) pathway were measured respectively in the presence or absence of lipopolysaccharide stimulation. RESULTS: In vivo, EPO remarkably attenuated pulmonary interstitial and alveolar epithelial edema caused by renal IR injury. In vitro, the proliferation capacity of human umbilical vein endothelial cells was significantly increased under EPO stimulation, which correlated with changes in Jak-STAT3 signaling. CONCLUSION: Our data indicated that EPO is able to ameliorate acute lung tissue damage induced by renal IR, and at least in part, via the Jak-STAT3 pathway.


Assuntos
Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Eritropoetina/farmacologia , Janus Quinases/metabolismo , Nefropatias/tratamento farmacológico , Rim/irrigação sanguínea , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/metabolismo , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/metabolismo , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/patologia , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Endotélio Vascular/patologia , Humanos , Nefropatias/metabolismo , Nefropatias/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/metabolismo , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/patologia , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
13.
Life Sci ; 225: 29-38, 2019 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30940538

RESUMO

AIMS: Spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) exhibit impaired endothelial vasodilation and enhanced vasoconstriction. The phosphodiesterase 5 (PDE5) inhibitor sildenafil (Sild) potentiates the nitric oxide (NO)-mediated effects exerting antioxidative and anti-inflammatory actions. In the present study, we hypothesized that Sild could improve endothelial function in SHR. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Male rats were treated daily for 60 days by oral gavage with Sild (45 mg/kg) before the onset of the hypertensive state (pre-hypertensive protocol). The aortic relaxation to acetylcholine (ACh), sodium nitroprusside (SNP) and the phenylephrine (Phe)-induced contraction was evaluated in SHR. Protein expression of eNOS, p-eNOS, caveolin, COX-1, COX-2, ERK and p-ERK was measured by Western blot. KEY FINDINGS: Resting blood pressure was not modified by Sild administration. Treatment with Sild did not alter the relaxation response to SNP but improved the ACh-induced relaxation and reduced Phe-induced contraction in aortic rings from SHR. This protective effect of Sild could be attributed to reduced superoxide anions (O2-) generation, cyclooxygenase type 2 (COX-2) protein downregulation and increased NO bioavailability. SIGNIFICANCE: Sild improves endothelial function in SHR aorta without affecting resting blood pressure values. These results indicate that PDE5 inhibition has a potential role in the improvement of vascular function and could be an adjuvant in the treatment of essential hypertension.


Assuntos
Cardiomegalia/prevenção & controle , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/química , Endotélio Vascular/efeitos dos fármacos , Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Citrato de Sildenafila/administração & dosagem , Vasodilatadores/administração & dosagem , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/metabolismo , Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Endotélio Vascular/patologia , Hipertensão/metabolismo , Hipertensão/patologia , Masculino , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Endogâmicos SHR
14.
BMC Vet Res ; 15(1): 123, 2019 Apr 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31029157

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: MSCs secretome is under investigation as an alternative to whole-cell-based therapies, since it is enriched of bioactive molecules: growth factors, cytokines and chemokines. Taking into account the translational value of the pig model, the leading aim of the present paper was to characterize the secretome of porcine Vascular Wall-Mesenchymal Stem Cells (pVW-MSCs) and its change in presence of LPS stimulation. Moreover, considering the importance of angiogenesis in regenerative mechanisms, we analysed the effect of pVW-MSCs secretome on in vitro angiogenesis. RESULTS: Our results demonstrated that conditioned medium from unstimulated pVW-MSCs contained high levels of IL-8, GM-CSF, IFN-γ and other immunomodulatory proteins: IL-6 IL-18 IL-4 IL-2 IL-10. LPS modulates pVW-MSCs gene expression and secretome composition, in particular a significant increase of IL-6 and IL-8 was observed; conversely, the amount of GM-CSF, IFN-γ, IL-2, IL-4, IL-10 and IL-18 showed a significant transient decrease with the LPS stimulation. Conditioned medium from unstimulated pVW-MSCs induced in vitro endothelial angiogenesis, which is more evident when the conditioned medium was from LPS stimulated pVW-MSCs. CONCLUSIONS: The lines of evidence here presented shed a light on possible future application of secretome derived by pVW-MSCs on research studies in translational regenerative medicine.


Assuntos
Endotélio Vascular/efeitos dos fármacos , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/efeitos dos fármacos , Neovascularização Fisiológica/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Suínos , Transcriptoma
15.
Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol ; 257(7): 1427-1434, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31025213

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Diabetic retinopathy (DR) involves a proliferation of vascular endothelial cells and loss of pericytes. There is a link among the action of protein kinase C (PKC) and insulin signaling. Thus, we investigated the differences between these cells in insulin receptor (IR) phosphorylation in DR. METHODS: Retinas were removed from streptozotocin-induced diabetic or healthy rats, and IR expression levels were compared by immunoblot and immunohistochemistry. In vitro assays also were performed in order to determine the expressions of phosphorylated IR in both cells cultured under 5.5 or 25 mM glucose by immunoblot. Cell viability was determined in both cells cultured under different concentrations of phorbol myristate acetate (PMA), a PKC activator. To determine the involvement of the PI3 kinase pathway of IR, PMA with or without wortmannin-induced changes in Akt was also analyzed. RESULTS: Immunoreactivity to the IR was decreased in diabetic retina. High glucose (25 mM) increased phosphorylated IR levels in endothelial cells but not in pericytes. PMA (1 nM or higher) induced death of pericytes, while endothelial cells were increased. PMA increased phosphorylated Akt in endothelial cells and decreased in pericytes. Wortmannin suppressed the PMA-induced phosphorylation of Akt in endothelial cells. CONCLUSIONS: The different responses to 25 mM glucose and PMA were observed between retinal endothelial cells and pericytes. Thus, IR phosphorylation is likely important for retinal vascular cells to survive in diabetic retina.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Experimental , Retinopatia Diabética/metabolismo , Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Proteína Quinase C/metabolismo , Receptor de Insulina/metabolismo , Vasos Retinianos/metabolismo , Animais , Western Blotting , Proliferação de Células , Células Cultivadas , Retinopatia Diabética/patologia , Endotélio Vascular/patologia , Masculino , Fosforilação , Fotomicrografia , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Vasos Retinianos/patologia
16.
Ann Hematol ; 98(7): 1593-1602, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30953084

RESUMO

One complication of thalassemia is thromboembolism (TE), which is caused by an abnormal red blood cell surface, as well as endothelial and platelet activation. These findings are commonly observed in severe ß-thalassemia. However, limited information on α-thalassemia exists. This study enrolled subjects with deletional and non-deletional α-thalassemia and normal controls (NC). Plasma and serum of subjects were tested for endothelial activation markers including thrombomodulin (TM), vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1), and von Willebrand factor antigen as well as platelet activation markers including thromboxane B2 and platelet factor 4. A total of 179 subjects were enrolled: 29 in the deletional group (mean age 13.3 ± 4.4 years), 31 in the non-deletional group (mean age 12.9 ± 4.8 years), and 119 in the NC group (mean age 13.6 ± 3.0 years). Twenty nine percent of subjects in the non-deletional group received regular red blood cell transfusion and iron chelator administration. Serum ferritin level was higher in the non-deletional group than that in the deletional group. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that VCAM-1 and TM levels were increased significantly in α-thalassemia compared with NC group (816.8 ± 131.0 vs 593.9 ± 49.0 ng/ml, and 4.9 ± 0.7 vs 4.0 ± 0.4 ng/ml, P < 0.001 respectively). VCAM-1 and TM levels in the non-deletional group were significantly higher than that in the deletional group. The present study demonstrated endothelial activation in children with α-thalassemia disease, especially those in the non-deletional group, which might be one risk factor for TE in α-thalassemia disease.


Assuntos
Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Trombomodulina/sangue , Molécula 1 de Adesão de Célula Vascular/sangue , Talassemia alfa/sangue , Adolescente , Adulto , Biomarcadores/sangue , Transfusão de Sangue , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Endotélio Vascular/patologia , Feminino , Ferritinas/sangue , Humanos , Lactente , Quelantes de Ferro/administração & dosagem , Masculino , Fator de Ativação de Plaquetas/metabolismo , Ativação Plaquetária , Tromboxano B2/sangue , Talassemia alfa/patologia , Talassemia alfa/terapia , Fator de von Willebrand/metabolismo
17.
Respir Res ; 20(1): 74, 2019 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30992021

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pulmonary vascular abnormalities are a characteristic feature of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Cigarette smoking is the most important risk factor for COPD. It is believed that its constant exposure triggers endothelial cell damage and vascular remodelling. Under pathological conditions, progenitor cells (PCs) are mobilized from the bone marrow and recruited to sites of vascular injury. The aim of the study was to investigate whether in COPD the number of circulating PCs is related to the presence of bone marrow-derived cells in pulmonary arteries and the association of these phenomena to both systemic and pulmonary endothelial dysfunction. METHODS: Thirty-nine subjects, 25 with COPD, undergoing pulmonary resection because of a localized carcinoma, were included. The number of circulating PCs was assessed by flow cytometry using a triple combination of antibodies against CD45, CD133 and CD34. Infiltrating CD45+ cells were identified by immunohistochemistry in pulmonary arteries. Endothelial function in systemic and pulmonary arteries was measured by flow-mediated dilation and adenosine diphosphate-induced vasodilation, respectively. RESULTS: COPD patients had reduced numbers of circulating PCs (p < 0.05) and increased numbers of CD45+ cells (< 0.05) in the pulmonary arterial wall than non-COPD subjects, being both findings inversely correlated (r = - 0.35, p < 0.05). In pulmonary arteries, the number of CD45+ cells correlated with the severity of vascular remodelling (r = 0.4, p = 0.01) and the endothelium-dependent vasodilation (r = - 0.3, p = 0.05). Systemic endothelial function was unrelated to the number of circulating PCs and changes in pulmonary vessels. CONCLUSION: In COPD, the decrease of circulating PCs is associated with their recruitment in pulmonary arteries, which in turn is associated with endothelial dysfunction and vessel remodelling, suggesting a mechanistic link between these phenomena. Our findings are consistent with the notion of an imbalance between endothelial damage and repair capacity in the pathogenesis of pulmonary vascular abnormalities in COPD.


Assuntos
Movimento Celular/fisiologia , Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Artéria Pulmonar/metabolismo , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/sangue , Células-Tronco/metabolismo , Idoso , Endotélio Vascular/patologia , Feminino , Volume Expiratório Forçado/fisiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Artéria Pulmonar/patologia , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/diagnóstico , Células-Tronco/patologia
18.
BMC Res Notes ; 12(1): 222, 2019 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30975199

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Alu elements are retroposons that invaded the primate genome and shaped its biology. Some Alus inserted recently and are polymorphic in the human population. It is these Alus that are being sought after in disease association studies and regulatory biology. Discovering polymorphic Alus in the human genome can open areas of new research in these fields. RESULTS: Using the polymerase chain reaction on genomic DNA, we identified a polymorphic Alu in the flanking region of the TFAP2B and TFAP2D genes. The new insert was found in higher frequency in Europeans (0.4) and Asians (0.38) and lower frequency in Africans (0.25). We also show this Alu to be part of a 3 Alu cassette that is human specific. The TFAP2B and TFAP2D genes encode members of the transcription factor AP-2, which plays a role in organ development. The insertion of this Alu cassette flanking the transcription factor genes distinguishes humans from the primates. This cassette can possibly affect the regulation of both genes or alternately provoke genomic deletions, which we have shown in this study. Its presence in such a location is intriguing and unquestionably opens an investigational window in disease association studies and in the field of gene regulation.


Assuntos
Região 3'-Flanqueadora , Região 5'-Flanqueadora , Elementos Alu , Genoma Humano , Mutagênese Insercional , Fator de Transcrição AP-2/genética , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Africano , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Sequência de Bases , Bases de Dados de Ácidos Nucleicos , Células Endoteliais/citologia , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Endotélio Vascular/citologia , Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu , Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Polimorfismo Genético , Cultura Primária de Células , Alinhamento de Sequência
19.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(8)2019 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31013778

RESUMO

Insulin in physiological concentrations is important to maintain vascular function. Moreover, vascular insulin resistance contributes to vascular impairment. In the elderly, other factors including hypertension, dyslipidemia, and chronic inflammation amplify senescence of vascular endothelial and smooth muscle cells. In turn, senescence increases the risk for vascular-related diseases such as arteriosclerosis, diabetes, and Alzheimer's disease. Recently, it was found that GM1 ganglioside, one of the glycolipids localized on the cell membrane, mediates vascular insulin resistance by promoting senescence and/or inflammatory stimulation. First, it was shown that increased GM1 levels associated with aging/senescence contribute to insulin resistance in human aortic endothelial cells (HAECs). Second, the expression levels of gangliosides were monitored in HAECs treated with different concentrations of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFα) for different time intervals to mimic in vivo acute or chronic inflammatory conditions. Third, the levels of insulin signaling-related molecules were monitored in HAECs after TNFα treatment with or without inhibitors of ganglioside synthesis. In this review, we summarize the molecular mechanisms of insulin resistance in aged/senescent and TNFα-stimulated endothelial cells mediated by gangliosides and highlight the possible roles of gangliosides in vascular insulin resistance-related diseases.


Assuntos
Vasos Sanguíneos/metabolismo , Gangliosídeos/metabolismo , Resistência à Insulina , Insulina/metabolismo , Animais , Senescência Celular , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Humanos , Transdução de Sinais , Vasculite/etiologia , Vasculite/metabolismo
20.
Mol Med Rep ; 19(6): 4797-4805, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30957183

RESUMO

Perivascular adipose tissue (PVAT) is considered to serve a vital role during the development of endothelial dysfunction. The current study investigated the effect of exosomes derived from mangiferin­stimulated PVAT on endothelial function, including regeneration, migration, apoptosis and inflammation. The number of exosomes secreted by PVAT was increased by stimulation with mangiferin (0.1, 1 or 10 µM), and uptake of these exosomes by endothelial cells was observed. Exosomes produced by stimulation of PVAT with mangiferin reversed the effects of inflammation­induced endothelial dysfunction following palmitic acid (PA) treatment. Furthermore, nuclear factor (NF)­κB signaling in endothelial cells was significantly increased when treated with PA­induced PVAT­derived exosomes, whereas exosomes from the supernatant of PVAT stimulated with mangiferin reduced p65 and p50 phosphorylation levels in the cells, and inhibited p65 transportation to the nucleus. Taken together, the present study demonstrated that exosomes derived from mangiferin­stimulated PVAT supernatant inhibited inflammation­induced endothelial dysfunction via modulation of NF­κB signaling.


Assuntos
Tecido Adiposo/efeitos dos fármacos , Tecido Adiposo/metabolismo , Exossomos/metabolismo , Doenças Vasculares/metabolismo , Xantonas/farmacologia , Tecido Adiposo/patologia , Animais , Células Endoteliais/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Células Endoteliais/patologia , Endotélio Vascular/efeitos dos fármacos , Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Endotélio Vascular/patologia , Inflamação , Masculino , NF-kappa B , Ácido Palmítico/farmacologia , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Transdução de Sinais
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