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1.
Texto & contexto enferm ; 29: e20200132, Jan.-Dec. 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1127495

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objective: to reflect on the relationships involving the older adults during the COVID-19 pandemic from the perspective of complexity, envisioning the path of hope. Method: this is a reflection based on the Theory of Complexity, according to Edgar Morin, and on articles addressing the new coronavirus. Results: the experiences during the pandemic showed economic, social, health, cultural, ethical, and moral difficulties in relation to the older adults. Facing the uncertainties of COVID-19 teaches about the attitude towards this inevitable involvement in the individual and collective life, as well as in the history of the country and the world - a problem aggravated by the fears of humanity. Therefore, adapting society and remodeling it with regard to relationships with the older adults can translate into success against the pandemic disease. This induces thought reform, reorganizing the understanding of the older adults, which currently involves scattered, disjoint, compartmentalized, and excluding thinking. This reform is broad, deep, paradigmatic, cultural, ethical, and moral, which strengthens the culture of aging, propagating and democratizing the poetry of living, allowing the older adults to know the beauty of emotions, and to discover their own truths through the masterpieces of their lives. However, this intention presupposes a metamorphosis of individualism, oppression, and exclusion, in whose context gerontological nursing is fundamental. Conclusion: the transformations experienced during the pandemic may be the prelude to changing relationships with the older adults, through multiple reforming and transforming processes that come together, by the strengthening of gerontological nursing. Perhaps the pandemic moment is the beginning of the path of hope for new times of Humanity's dignity.


RESUMEN Objetivo: reflexionar sobre las relaciones que implican a los adultos mayores durante la pandemia de COVID-19 desde la perspectiva de la complejidad, vislumbrando el camino de la esperanza. Método: reflexión basada en la Teoría de la Complejidad, según Edgar Morin, y en diversos artículos que tratan el tema del nuevo coronavirus. Resultados: las experiencias durante la pandemia evidenciaron dificultades económicas, sociales, de salud, culturales, éticas y morales en relación con los adultos mayores. Enfrentar las incertezas del COVID-19 deja enseñanzas sobre la postura frente a este fenómeno inevitable en la vida individual y colectiva, y en la historia del país y del mundo: un problema agravado por los miedos de la humanidad. En consecuencia, adaptar la sociedad y remodelarla en lo que concierne a las relaciones con el adulto mayor puede traducirse en el éxito contra la enfermedad pandémica. Eso induce a remodelar el pensamiento y a reorganizar la comprensión sobre el adulto mayor, que actualmente implica un pensamiento disperso, disociado, compartimentalizado y excluyente. Dicha reforma es amplia, profunda, paradigmática, cultural, ética y moral, y fortalece la cultura del envejecimiento, propagando y democratizando la poesía de vivir, tornando así posible que los adultos mayores conozcan la belleza de las emociones y descubran sus propias verdades por medio de las obras maestras de sus vidas. Sin embargo, esa intención presupone una metamorfosis del individualismo, de la opresión y de la exclusión, en cuyo contexto la enfermería gerontológica es fundamental. Conclusión: las transformaciones experimentadas durante la pandemia pueden ser el preludio del cambio en las relaciones con los adultos mayores, mediante múltiples procesos reformadores y transformadores que se entrelazan, gracias al fortalecimiento de la enfermería gerontológica. Quizás el momento pandémico sea el comienzo del camino de la esperanza para nuevos tiempos de dignidad de la Humanidad.


RESUMO Objetivo: refletir sobre as relações envolvendo os idosos durante a pandemia da COVID-19 sob o olhar da complexidade, vislumbrando o caminho da esperança. Método: trata-se de reflexão alicerçada na Teoria da Complexidade, segundo Edgar Morin, e em artigos abordando o novo coronavírus. Resultados: as vivências durante a pandemia evidenciaram dificuldades econômicas, sociais, de saúde, culturais, éticas e morais em relação aos idosos. Enfrentar as incertezas da COVID-19 ensina sobre a postura diante desse acometimento inevitável na vida individual, coletiva e na história do país e do mundo - um problema agravado pelos medos da humanidade. Portanto, adaptar a sociedade e remodelá-la no que concerne às relações com o idoso pode se traduzir no sucesso contra a doença pandêmica. Isso induz a reforma do pensamento, reorganização da compreensão sobre o idoso, que na atualidade envolve pensamento disperso, disjunto, compartimentalizado e excludente. Essa reforma é ampla, profunda, paradigmática, cultural, ética e moral, que fortalece a cultura do envelhecimento, propagando e democratizando a poesia do viver, possibilitando que os idosos conheçam a beleza das emoções, descubram as próprias verdades por meio das obras primas de suas vidas. Porém, essa intenção pressupõe metamorfose do individualismo, da opressão e da exclusão, em cujo contexto a enfermagem gerontológica é fundamental. Conclusão: as transformações vividas durante a pandemia podem ser o prelúdio da mudança nas relações com os idosos, mediante processos múltiplos reformadores e transformadores que se coligam, pelo fortalecimento da enfermagem gerontológica. Quiçá o momento pandêmico seja o começo do caminho da esperança para novos tempos de dignidade da Humanidade.


Assuntos
Humanos , Idoso , Filosofia em Enfermagem , Idoso , Coronavirus , Esperança , Enfermagem Geriátrica
2.
J Am Med Dir Assoc ; 21(11): 1539-1545, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33138935

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The role of treatment with renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system blockers at the onset of COVID-19 infection is not known in the geriatric population. The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI) use and in-hospital mortality in geriatric patients hospitalized for COVID-19. DESIGN: This observational retrospective study was conducted in a French geriatric department. Patients were included between March 17 and April 18, 2020. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: All consecutive 201 patients hospitalized for COVID-19 (confirmed by reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction methods) were included. All nondeceased patients had 30 days of follow-up and no patient was lost to follow-up. METHODS: Demographic, clinical, and biological data and medications were collected. In-hospital mortality of patients treated or not by ACEI/ARB was analyzed using multivariate Cox models. RESULTS: Mean age of the population was 86.3 (8.0) years, 62.7% of patients were institutionalized, 88.6% had dementia, and 53.5% had severe disability (activities of daily living [ADL] score <2). Sixty-three patients were treated with ACEI/ARB and 138 were not. Mean follow-up was 23.4 (10.0) days, 66 (33.8%) patients died after an average of 10.0 days (6.0). Lower mortality rate was observed in patients treated with ACEI/ARB compared with patients not treated with ARB or ACEI (22.2% [14] vs 37.7% [52], hazard ratio [HR] 0.54; 95% confidence interval 0.30-0.97; P = .03). In a multivariate Cox regression model including age, sex, ADL score, Charlson index, renal function, dyspnea, C-reactive protein, and white blood cell count, use of ACEI/ARB was significantly associated with lower in-hospital mortality (HR 0.52 (0.27-0.99), P = .048). CONCLUSION AND IMPLICATIONS: In very old subjects hospitalized in geriatric settings for COVID-19, mortality was significantly lower in subjects treated with ARB or ACEI before the onset of infection. The continuation of ACEI/ARB therapy should be encouraged during periods of coronavirus outbreak in older subjects.


Assuntos
Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/uso terapêutico , Infecções por Coronavirus/mortalidade , Mortalidade Hospitalar/tendências , Pneumonia Viral/mortalidade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Betacoronavirus , Feminino , França/epidemiologia , Enfermagem Geriátrica , Humanos , Masculino , Pandemias , Estudos Retrospectivos
3.
J Cross Cult Gerontol ; 35(4): 493-500, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33015728
5.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 73(suppl 2): e20200260, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32965401

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to develop a protocol of recommendations for facing dissemination of COVID-19 in Brazilian Nursing Homes. METHOD: a study of experts' recommendations using a structured form applied through the Delphi Technique, obtaining 100% agreement among professionals after four rounds of analysis. The population comprised six nurses members of the Scientific Department of Gerontological Nursing of the Brazilian Association of Nursing (Associação Brasileira de Enfermagem). RESULTS: the protocol was structured in a nucleus of nursing interventions to face the spread of COVID-19 in Nursing Homes, consisting of 8 actions. FINAL CONSIDERATIONS: the protocol can help nurse managers to organize assistance to face the pandemic, which can be adaptable to each reality, making training nurses and health teams easier.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Instituição de Longa Permanência para Idosos , Avaliação em Enfermagem/métodos , Casas de Saúde , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Adulto , Idoso , Brasil/epidemiologia , Comunicação , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/enfermagem , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Técnica Delfos , Desinfecção/métodos , Desinfecção/normas , Família , Feminino , Enfermagem Geriátrica , Educação em Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Eliminação de Resíduos de Serviços de Saúde/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Práticas Mortuárias/métodos , Avaliação em Enfermagem/organização & administração , Avaliação em Enfermagem/normas , Saúde do Trabalhador , Isolamento de Pacientes , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/enfermagem , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão
7.
J Gerontol Nurs ; 46(9): 9-13, 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32845343

RESUMO

With the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, telehealth was thrust to the forefront, becoming one of the most predominant forms of care almost overnight. Despite years of research, practice, and policymaking, tenets for providing telehealth in an interdisciplinary, family- and person-centered fashion, and across a wide breadth of settings remain underdeveloped. In addition, although telehealth has the potential to increase equity in care, it can also further exacerbate disparities. The current article discusses the opening created by the pandemic and provides recommendations for how to make permanent changes in telehealth policy and practice to allow for interdisciplinary, person- and family-centered care while also taking care to address issues of equity and ethics and privacy issues related to telehealth and remote monitoring. [Journal of Gerontological Nursing, 46(9), 9-13.].


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Enfermagem Geriátrica/organização & administração , Política de Saúde , Assistência Centrada no Paciente/organização & administração , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Telemedicina/organização & administração , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle
8.
Nurs Educ Perspect ; 41(5): E31-E32, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32826692

RESUMO

The growing population of older adults requires that nursing programs provide nursing students with the skills and knowledge needed to provide gerontological nursing care. This article describes a reciprocal mentoring exercise used for the clinical practice experience in a new 16-week stand-alone gerontology nursing course. Reflective journaling and responses to a survey revealed positive outcomes for students and mentors.


Assuntos
Bacharelado em Enfermagem , Educação em Enfermagem , Enfermagem Geriátrica , Tutoria , Estudantes de Enfermagem , Idoso , Humanos , Mentores
9.
Pflege ; 33(4): 199-206, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32811330

RESUMO

Protective measures against COVID-19 in elderly care - A mapping review of publications in nursing science Abstract. Background: Protective measures to combat the COVID-19 pandemic are associated with isolation among people in need of elderly care. Due to the known adverse effects of social isolation on health, discussions have been held about the ethical legitimacy and commensurability of these measures. AIM: The article aims to show in which format the discourse in scientific publication on protective measures against COVID-19 took place and which contents have been addressed. METHODS: A mapping review in PubMed has been conducted. All publication types of scientific papers on nursing care of older people were considered. The results were synthesized in form of a quantitative content analysis of key aspects. RESULTS: The 38 articles included in the synthesis show that only a small part of the scientific publications on the COVID-19 pandemic deals with people living in nursing homes. Although critical aspects related to the isolation caused by the protective measures against the COVID-19 pandemic are named in half of the contributions, specific measures to address the negative effects of the isolation are rarely mentioned. CONCLUSIONS: There is a need for further activities in research and nursing practice in order to meet the demand and desiderata of those in need of care and to enable personal responsibility and self-determination even in a special situation such as the COVID-19 pandemic.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Enfermagem Geriátrica , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Idoso , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Humanos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia
11.
J Am Assoc Nurse Pract ; 32(6): 416-418, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-594928

RESUMO

Our health care landscape is rapidly changing. With the aging population and seemingly increasing outbreak of communicable diseases, it is expected that there will be a continued demand for inpatient/critical care providers. The current COVID-19 pandemic provides a glimpse of a health care system in severe provider shortage. Adult-gerontology acute nurse practitioners (GACNPs) can play a vital part in relieving that shortage. But with the increased role, there is an increased responsibility and need for expansion of AGACNP skill set. This includes the training and utilization of point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS). The case reports and data available from countries that have already combated COVID-19 outbreak show POCUS can play a key part in managing critically ill patients on isolation precautions. This article provides my perspective on POCUS training and competency achievement for AGACNPPs.


Assuntos
Competência Clínica/normas , Enfermagem Geriátrica/normas , Profissionais de Enfermagem/educação , Sistemas Automatizados de Assistência Junto ao Leito/normas , Ultrassonografia/normas , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Cuidados Críticos/normas , Avaliação Geriátrica/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle
12.
J Am Assoc Nurse Pract ; 32(6): 416-418, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32511190

RESUMO

Our health care landscape is rapidly changing. With the aging population and seemingly increasing outbreak of communicable diseases, it is expected that there will be a continued demand for inpatient/critical care providers. The current COVID-19 pandemic provides a glimpse of a health care system in severe provider shortage. Adult-gerontology acute nurse practitioners (GACNPs) can play a vital part in relieving that shortage. But with the increased role, there is an increased responsibility and need for expansion of AGACNP skill set. This includes the training and utilization of point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS). The case reports and data available from countries that have already combated COVID-19 outbreak show POCUS can play a key part in managing critically ill patients on isolation precautions. This article provides my perspective on POCUS training and competency achievement for AGACNPPs.


Assuntos
Competência Clínica/normas , Enfermagem Geriátrica/normas , Profissionais de Enfermagem/educação , Sistemas Automatizados de Assistência Junto ao Leito/normas , Ultrassonografia/normas , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Cuidados Críticos/normas , Avaliação Geriátrica/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle
14.
Gerokomos (Madr., Ed. impr.) ; 31(2): 71-75, jun. 2020.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-193886

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: Describir la participación del familiar cuidador para el confort de las personas mayores de 65 años hospitalizadas, según la percepción de las enfermeras y los familiares cuidadores en un hospital público de Lambayeque, Perú. MÉTODOS: Investigación cualitativa exploratoria descriptiva; la muestra fue de 20 informantes previo consentimiento informado. Los datos fueron recolectados mediante la entrevista semiestructurada y procesados según análisis de contenido temático. RESULTADOS: Emergieron tres categorías: a) participación en los cuidados básicos: confort del cuerpo; b) estrategias para el descanso y sueño: confort del ambiente; c) afecto, ánimo y fe: contribución al confort emocional y espiritual. CONCLUSIONES: La permanencia hospitalaria genera incomodidades en las personas adultas mayores, pero el familiar cuidador participa activamente en la satisfacción de las necesidades básicas como la higiene, alimentación, tendido de cama, evitación del dolor y de los ruidos, iluminación adecuada, seguridad, afecto, esperanza y fe; cuidados orientados a proporcionarles un entorno tranquilo y agradable que les ayuda en el descanso y sueño, la adaptación, la recuperación y la calidad de vida. Es indispensable que el personal de enfermería capacite al familiar cuidador y lo prepare para colaborar en el cuidado tanto en la hospitalización como en el hogar


OBJECTIVE: To describe the participation of the family caregiver for the comfort of people over 65 hospitalized, according to the perception of nurses and family caregivers in a public hospital in Lambayeque, Peru. METHODS: Descriptive exploratory qualitative research, the sample was 20 informants with informed consent. The data was collected through the semi-structured interview and processed according to thematic content analysis. RESULTS: Three categories emerged: a) Participation in basic care: Body comfort; b) Strategies for rest and sleep: Comfort of the environment; c) Affection, encouragement and faith: Contribution to emotional and spiritual comfort. CONCLUSIONS: The hospital stay generates discomfort in older adults, but the family caregiver actively participates in the satisfaction of basic needs such as hygiene, food, laying of bed, avoidance of pain and noise, adequate lighting, safety, affection, hope and faith; care oriented to provide a peaceful and pleasant environment that helps them in rest and sleep, adaptation, recovery and quality of life. It is essential that the nursing staff trains the family caregiver and prepares them to collaborate in the care of both the hospitalization and the home


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cuidadores/psicologia , Conforto do Paciente , Percepção , Esgotamento Psicológico/psicologia , Enfermagem Geriátrica/educação , Cuidadores/tendências , Saúde da Família , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Descanso/psicologia , Sono , Afeto , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia
15.
Gerokomos (Madr., Ed. impr.) ; 31(2): 86-91, jun. 2020. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-193889

RESUMO

El proceso de envejecimiento y las enfermedades crónicas implican cambios vitales en el adulto mayor que suponen, en muchas ocasiones, acontecimientos estresantes que derivan en un malestar psicológico y un deterioro de la calidad de vida. La vejez es una etapa caracterizada por sentimientos de pérdidas y disminución de capacidades funcionales y afectivas. Se investiga la serenidad como estrategia de afrontamiento en relación con el apoyo psicológico y emocional para mejorar las capacidades del adulto mayor para afrontar los problemas o dificultades que conllevan las consecuencias del envejecimiento. OBJETIVO: Analizar el concepto de serenidad en relación con el apoyo psicológico y emocional del paciente crónico. METODOLOGÍA: Revisión de la bibliografía. La búsqueda se realizó en PubMed, CINAHL, Cochrane Library y Medline. Se acotó al período 1999-2017, incluyendo aquellos estudios que solo aplican el concepto de serenidad para la promoción de la salud mental. RESULTADOS: De los 40 estudios revisados, 8 hacían referencia al envejecimiento y la cronicidad; 15 a trastornos afectivos en la cronicidad; 13 al apoyo emocional y psicológico en el paciente mayor crónico, y 4 a la serenidad y cuidado enfermero. Posteriormente al análisis se identificaron tres temas relacionados: apoyo emocional en la cronicidad, concepto de serenidad y bienestar psíquico y emocional, definiendo atributos y niveles de serenidad, apoyo emocional en la cronicidad. CONCLUSIONES: El concepto de serenidad puede representar una herramienta que fomente el bienestar psíquico y emocional del paciente mayor crónico, ayudando a aceptar y manejar la situación de salud. Resulta necesaria una mayor evidencia científica sobre el concepto y su uso en los profesionales enfermeros


The aging process and chronic diseases involve vital changes in the elderly that, in many cases, involve stressful events that lead to psychological discomfort and a deterioration in the quality of life. Old age is a stage characterized by feelings of loss and decreased functional and affective abilities. Serenity is investigated as a coping strategy in relation to psychological and emotional support to improve the abilities of the elderly to face the problems or difficulties that entail the consequences of aging. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the concept of serenity in relation to the psychological and emotional support of the chronic patient. METHODOLOGY: Review of the literature. The search was performed in PubMed, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, Medline. The 1999-2017 period was included, including those studies that only apply the concept of serenity for the promotion of mental health. RESULTS: Of the 40 studies reviewed, 8 referred to aging and chronicity; 15 to affective disorders in the chronicity; 13 to emotional and psychological support in the chronically elderly patient; 4 to serenity and nursing care. Three related topics were identified: emotional support in chronicity, the concept of serenity and psychic and emotional well-being, defining attributes and levels of serenity, emotional support in chronicity. CONCLUSIONS: The serenity can represent a tool that promotes the psychic and emotional well-being of the chronic elderly patient, helping to accept and manage the health situation. Greater scientific evidence on the concept and its use in nursing professionals is necessary


Assuntos
Humanos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Doença Crônica/psicologia , Apoio Social , Envelhecimento/psicologia , Sintomas Afetivos/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida , Enfermagem Geriátrica/métodos , Transtornos Psicóticos Afetivos/psicologia , Impacto Psicossocial , Idoso Fragilizado , Adaptação Psicológica
16.
Gerokomos (Madr., Ed. impr.) ; 31(2): 98-106, jun. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-193891

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: Determinar la prevalencia hospitalaria de lesiones relacionadas con la dependencia (LRD) en la provincia de Burgos. Determinar las características de las LRD. Identificar las valoraciones del riesgo de padecer lesión por presión (LPP) y el uso de dispositivos de prevención de LPP. Cuantificar los registros de enfermería de LRD. METODOLOGÍA: Estudio observacional, descriptivo, transversal y multicéntrico, realizado mediante observación directa y revisión de la historia clínica de adultos ingresados en unidades de hospitalización. Realizado en tres hospitales de Burgos en 2018. RESULTADOS: La población sumó 511 pacientes; presentaron LRD: 188. Se detectaron 328 LRD: 176 (53,65%) LPP, 48 (14,63%) lesiones por humedad, 81 (24,69%) lesiones por fricción, 11 (3,35%) lesiones combinadas y 12 (3,65%) lesiones multicausales. Las LPP de categoría 1 fueron las más numerosas, sumando un 35,36%. El 78,96% de las LRD se consideraron adquiridas en el hospital. La prevalencia de LRD es del 36,79%. Las prevalencias por tipos de LRD son: LPP 20,93%, lesiones por humedad 9%, fricción 12,72%, combinadas 1,76% y multicausales 1,56%. El 35,61% de los pacientes presentaba algún tipo de dispositivo preventivo; el 60,07% presentaba valoración del riesgo de padecer LPP; el 30,31% presentaba registro de la lesión, y el 18,37% contaba con plan de cuidados específico. CONCLUSIONES: La prevalencia e LRD, obtenida por inspección directa, cuadruplica los resultados nacionales, pero parece reflejar con mayor exactitud la realidad que los datos obtenidos mediante los registros de enfermería. Es aconsejable universalizar la valoración del riesgo de padecer LPP a todos los pacientes, la mejora de los registros de enfermería y reforzar los esfuerzos preventivos


AIM: To determine the hospital prevalence of dependence-related lesions (DRL) in the province of Burgos. Determine the characteristics of the DRL. Identify the risk assessments of pressure ulcer (PU) and the use of PU prevention devices. Quantify the DRL nursing records. METHODOLOGY: Observational, descriptive, cross-sectional and multicenter study, performed through direct observation and review of the health record of adults admitted to hospitalization units. RESULTS: The population totaled 511 patients, of wich 188 presented DRL. 328 DRL were detected: 176 (53.65%) PU, 48 (14.63%) moisture lesions, 81 (24,69%) friction lesions, 11 (3.35%) combined lesions, and 12 (3.65%) multifactorial lesions. The most numerous was PU category 1 totaling 35.36%. 78.96% of the DRL were determined to be hospital acquired. The prevalence of DRL is 36.79%. The prevalences for DRL types are: PU 20.93%, moisture lesions 9%, friction 12.72%, combined 1.76% and multifactorial 1.56%. 35.61% of patients had some type of preventive device, 60.07% had a risk assessment for PU, 30.31% had a record of the lesion and 18.37% had a specific care plan. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of DRL, obtained by direct inspection, quadruples national results, but it seems to be more accurate than the data obtained through nursing records. It is advisable to universalize the assessment of the risk of suffering PU to all patients, to improve nursing records and to reinforce preventive efforts


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Idoso , Lesão por Pressão/complicações , Úlcera Cutânea/classificação , Úlcera Cutânea/prevenção & controle , Segurança do Paciente , Registros de Enfermagem/normas , Enfermagem Geriátrica , Autocuidado/métodos , Autocuidado/normas , Enfermagem Geriátrica/métodos
17.
Rech Soins Infirm ; 140(1): 17-28, 2020 03.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32524799

RESUMO

Many health programs provide "counseling" services that aim to support clients in their self-care. Although the concept of adapted education for the elderly is important for nursing practice, there is currently no consensus of its definition. An analysis of "adapted education for the elderly" following the six steps of Rodgers' evolutionary approach was conducted in order to identify the essential characteristics of the concept and to define its use in nursing. A literature review drawing upon several databases (Abstract in Social Gerontology, AgeLine, CINAHL, ERIC, and PsycINFO) identified twenty-six papers on this subject published between 1988 and 2016. After analysis, four key characteristics were identified to describe the concept: the uniqueness of the older learner, the presence of a competent and aware educator, the four-step process of the session, and the use of adapted teaching strategies for the older learner. Finally, the use of this concept in nursing remains erratic. To facilitate its operationalization, more studies and theories must be developed on the subject.


Assuntos
Enfermagem Geriátrica , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto/métodos , Idoso , Formação de Conceito , Humanos
18.
Rech Soins Infirm ; 140(1): 29-56, 2020 03.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32524800

RESUMO

Context : The elder population is growing up and sexual and gender diversity older adults (SGDOA) live discrimination from healthcare professionals. In this context, this scoping review sought to describe the extent of knowledge about nursing practice among SGDOA and to synthesize the implications for clinical nursing practice. Method : The scoping review method according to the framework of Peters et al. of the Joanna Briggs Institute has been adopted. Results : The recommendations were grouped into five axes : raising awareness of the existence of SGDOA, their historical context and their health problems ; refrain from heterocissexist and heterocisnormative assumptions by adopting an inclusive language and an open attitude ; support SGDOA and their caregivers or their family of choice ; create a safe and confidential environment ; and promote the inclusion of SGDOA in the health care system. Conclusion : The results could be used by nurses and other health professionals to optimize the quality of care for SGDOA and to promote their inclusion.


Assuntos
Enfermagem Geriátrica , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Idoso , Humanos
19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32575765

RESUMO

Ethical conflicts among nurses can undermine nurses' psychological comfort and compromise the quality of patient care. In the last decade, several empirical studies on the phenomena related to ethical conflicts, such as ethical dilemmas, issues, problems, difficulties, or challenges, have been reported; however, they have not always deeply explored the meaning of ethical conflicts experienced by nurses in geriatric care. This study aims to understand the lived experiences of ethical conflict of nurses in geriatric hospitals in South Korea. A phenomenological study was conducted. In-depth, face-to-face interviews were performed with nine registered nurses who cared for elderly patients in geriatric hospitals in South Korea between August 2015 and January 2016. Three main themes emerged from the analysis: (1) confusing values for good nursing, (2) distress resulting from not taking required action despite knowing about a problem, and (3) avoiding ethical conflicts as a last resort. It was found that for geriatric nurses to cope with ethical conflicts successfully, clear ethical guidance, continuing ethics education to improve ethical knowledge and moral behaviors, and a supportive system or program to resolve ethical conflicts involving nurses should be established.


Assuntos
Enfermagem Geriátrica , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital , Adulto , Idoso , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Feminino , Enfermagem Geriátrica/ética , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Princípios Morais , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/ética , República da Coreia
20.
J Gerontol Nurs ; 46(6): 19-23, 2020 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-378289

RESUMO

This article reviews recent federal and state policy changes in response to the COVID-19 pandemic that affect health care and quality of life for older adults. Specific regulations and guidelines issued at the state and federal level have increased access and provided additional funding for essential services and supports. Many of these changes are temporary and have the potential to improve care beyond the immediate crisis. This period of greater flexibility offers the opportunity to accrue evidence on quality and access to influence sustained change. [Journal of Gerontological Nursing, 46(6), 19-23.].


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Enfermagem Geriátrica , Política de Saúde , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Idoso , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Governo Federal , Humanos , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Governo Estadual , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
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