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1.
Nurs Outlook ; 68(3): 313-323, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31879044

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Human beings have an inbuilt desire to care and nurture others. In some professions such as nursing, women are perceived as privileged in relation to these traits, and women are in the majority in the nursing profession. The Gender theory suggests that men should adapt to feminine traits and nature in order to fit in the nursing profession. However, there is a paucity of literature in relation to Arab male nurses' experience in nursing. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore the Jordanian male nurses' experiences of their career within their Arabic community. METHODS: A hermeneutic phenomenological approach, underpinned by VanManen's perspective was used. Twenty-two Jordanian male nurses were approached from four hospitals in Jordan. Four focus groups comprising 5-6 interviewees in each were used. The focus groups were audio-recorded and transcribed verbatim. The data were analyzed using Van Manen's hermeneutic approach and themes extracted from the Arabic version were compared critically with the analysis of the English version to develop the meaning of the narratives. DISCUSSION: Three major themes emerged from the data: (i) personal gains; (ii) masculinity; (iii) and cultural influences. Whilst male nurses recognized nursing is a female dominant profession, they viewed themselves as more independent in decision making and more productive than their female counterparts. Significantly, the participants described nursing as a means of fulfilling their spiritual needs and thus a personal gain. The interviewees linked their masculinity to resilience and endurance. Participants described that men in nursing face some social constraints within the Arab community. CONCLUSION: The study findings partly supported the fact that nursing in Jordan is a predominantly female profession which lends support to the gender theory in which Jordanian male nurses experienced a social bias and disadvantages by Arabic culture stereotypes of a male nurse. Although nursing is still a feminine career, the findings of this study raise awareness that gender role stereotype might not hold a strong stance in relation to nursing and that could be attributed to elements such as economic and payment status.


Assuntos
Árabes/psicologia , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Enfermeiros/psicologia , Adulto , Características Culturais , Grupos Focais , Identidade de Gênero , Humanos , Jordânia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Enfermeiros/estatística & dados numéricos , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Estereotipagem
2.
Nurse Educ Today ; 84: 104234, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31707252

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Worldwide, men are under-represented in the nursing profession. In Scotland less than 10% of pre-registration nursing students are male. Reasons for this imbalance need to be understood. OBJECTIVES: To explore the views of male pre-registration nursing students, nursing lecturers and school teachers about this imbalance. DESIGN: Mixed methods study using focus groups and online survey. SETTINGS: Focus groups in four locations across Scotland. Online survey sent to teachers across Scotland. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: Eight focus groups with 33 male nursing students; four focus groups with 21 university and college nursing lecturers; 46 school teachers returned the online survey. RESULTS: Although nursing was considered a worthwhile career with job stability and many opportunities, it was also viewed as not being a career for men. Assumptions about the profession and femininity were challenging for men and use of the term 'male nurse' was felt to be anomalous. In some circumstances the provision of intimate care to particular patient groups caused difficulty. Positive encouragement from others, a positive role model or knowledge of nursing from significant others could be helpful. However concerns about low earning potential and negative media publicity about the NHS could be a disincentive. Being mature and having resilience were important to cope with being a male nursing student in a mainly female workplace. Some more 'technical' specialties were felt to be more attractive to men. CONCLUSIONS: Nursing is viewed as a worthwhile career choice for men, but the gendered assumptions about the feminine nature of nursing can be a deterrent.


Assuntos
Escolha da Profissão , Docentes de Enfermagem , Enfermeiros/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudantes de Enfermagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Bacharelado em Enfermagem , Grupos Focais , Humanos , Internet , Masculino , Escócia , Inquéritos e Questionários
3.
J Clin Nurs ; 29(3-4): 535-544, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31737968

RESUMO

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore the regulation role of work resources in male nurses' job burnout and job demands. BACKGROUND: Burnout syndrome affects a wide range of nurses. Although burnout and turnover rate have drawn many researchers' attention, little is known of work characteristics that may cause a high burnout and turnover rate in male nurses. DESIGN: A survey design was used. METHOD: A total of 366 male nurses in Guangzhou hospitals were included in this survey using the Burnout Scale (MBI-GS) and the Job demands Resources Scale. Data were processed by hierarchical regression analysis. (Followed the STROBE checklist) RESULTS: The male nurse's MBI score was (2.72 ± 1.02). Job demands affected the severity of male nurses' job burnout. Work resources are in a low level, especially at the social support, reward and skill diversity. The regression coefficients ß of job demands, work resources and interaction items of job demands and work resources were 0.277, 0.314 and -0.006, respectively, and both passed the significance test (p < .01).). The new explanatory quantity ΔR2 after introducing the interaction between job demands and working resources was also statistically significant (ΔR2  = 0.254, p < .01). CONCLUSION: Male nurses are at a mild level of job burnout, and work resources are in shortage. Work resources play a regulating role in job demands and burnout. RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: The mild burnout may be a surface phenomenon or was a sign of trend of male nurses' intention to leave the job. Managers should pay attention to the emotional needs and mental health problems of male nurses' work environment.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia , Enfermeiros/psicologia , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/psicologia , Adulto , Esgotamento Profissional/diagnóstico , Esgotamento Profissional/epidemiologia , China , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Enfermeiros/estatística & dados numéricos , Reorganização de Recursos Humanos , Apoio Social , Inquéritos e Questionários , Carga de Trabalho/psicologia
4.
Nurs Ethics ; 27(2): 381-389, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31177916

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Maintaining dignity is one of the most important human rights. However, maintaining and promoting the dignity of nursing students as an important caregiver group has scarcely been considered. Dignity can be viewed as an abstract concept particularly in relation to the perspective of male nursing student perspective. Therefore, more investigation is required to explore the male students' understanding of the concept of dignity. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to define and explain the concept of dignity among male nursing students in the neonatal intensive care unit. RESEARCH DESIGN: This is a qualitative content analysis study. The data were collected through semi-structured individual interviews. The data were analyzed by conventional content analysis method. PARTICIPANTS AND RESEARCH CONTEXT: Twenty male nursing students in public health centers in Iran were selected by targeted sampling to achieve data saturation between February 2017 and November 2017. FINDINGS: The findings of this study were presented in three main themes, including "extensive support," "belief in ability," and "participation in decision making," and 7 sub-categories of data were extracted. ETHICAL CONSIDERATIONS: The study's protocol was approved by the Research Ethics Committee of the Shiraz University of Medical Sciences and the ethical principles were followed throughout the study. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: According to the findings of the study, male nursing students required extensive support, and their academic and practical skills required to be respected; in addition, they should be involved in decision making, because in such an environment, the dignity of these students will be maintained and promoted. Therefore, it is suggested that a cultural, professional, and institutional background in which all components of the male nursing student's dignity are protected and emphasized should be provided.


Assuntos
Enfermeiros/psicologia , Percepção , Pessoalidade , Estudantes de Enfermagem/psicologia , Adulto , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Grupos Focais/métodos , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal/organização & administração , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal/estatística & dados numéricos , Entrevistas como Assunto/métodos , Irã (Geográfico) , Masculino , Enfermeiros/estatística & dados numéricos , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Estudantes de Enfermagem/estatística & dados numéricos
5.
J Prof Nurs ; 35(2): 93-100, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30902412

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The New Careers in Nursing (NCIN) program provided scholarships and other supports to accelerated degree students at 130 nursing schools and collected data from the scholars at three time-points. PURPOSE: The NCIN database was analyzed to identify gender-based differences in scholars' profile characteristics, program experiences, and post-graduation outcomes. METHOD: An adaptation of Jeffreys's Nursing Universal Retention and Success Model guided the analysis. Gender differences were assessed after multiplicity adjustments for false positive rates. RESULTS: Differences based on gender were found for profile characteristics, student affective factors, academic factors, professional integration factors, environmental factors, as well as academic, psychological and NCIN program outcomes. Results suggest that males were influenced by economic factors more than females when choosing nursing as a career. They had fewer concerns about financial aspects associated with being a student again yet secured employment sooner after graduation than female scholars. They did not view support services as important as did female students. They expressed confidence in their leadership competence more than their female counterparts. CONCLUSION: Efforts are needed to better understand and address the nuanced gender-based perceptions and needs of nursing students who are male.


Assuntos
Emprego/economia , Relações Interpessoais , Percepção , Estudantes de Enfermagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Educação em Enfermagem , Emprego/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Enfermeiros/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores Sexuais , Inquéritos e Questionários
6.
Nurse Educ Today ; 71: 111-115, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30278334

RESUMO

The UK nursing workforce is facing a crisis. More nurses are leaving than entering the profession, and there are tens of thousands of unfilled vacancies. Political factors are having a significant impact on numbers, in particular the decision to withdraw bursaries for nursing undergraduates, and a steep decline in EU nurses registering to work in the UK post-Brexit. Against this backdrop, there is a stark gender imbalance in the workforce, with only around 11% of registered nurses being male. We surveyed UK higher education institutions to try to identify whether the gendered nature of nursing was considered a concern and whether steps were being taken to address it. We sent an electronic survey to every UK university offering undergraduate nurse training validated by the Nursing and Midwifery Council (NMC). With a response rate of 42%, the majority of respondents felt that nursing departments should take much more responsibility to increase the proportion of male nurses entering the nursing profession. More needs to be done to diversify the workforce and make nursing an appealing career choice for men and women.


Assuntos
Bacharelado em Enfermagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Enfermeiros/provisão & distribução , Seleção de Pessoal/métodos , Adulto , Bacharelado em Enfermagem/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Enfermeiros/estatística & dados numéricos , Seleção de Pessoal/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudantes de Enfermagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Reino Unido , Universidades/organização & administração , Universidades/estatística & dados numéricos
7.
Nurs Outlook ; 66(2): 160-167, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29037502

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Institute of Medicine (IOM) report, The Future of Nursing, included recommendations to increase nurse diversity, the percent of nurses obtaining a bachelor's degree, and inter-professional education. PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper is to report the progress toward achievement of these recommendations. METHODS: We used a longitudinal, multi-state data from four cohorts of nurses newly licensed in 2004 to 2005, 2007 to 2008, 2010 to 2011, and 2014 to 2015 to examine and compare the trends. FINDING: The percentage of males who became licensed increased, from 8.8% in 2004 to 2005 cohort to 13.6% in the 2014 to 2015 cohort. The percentage of white-non-Hispanic nurses who were licensed decreased from 78.9% in 2007 to 2008 to 73.8% in 2014 to 2015. These differences primarily reflect an increase in white-Hispanic nurses. More nurses are obtaining a bachelor's degree as their first professional degree, from 36.6% in 2004 to 2005 cohort to 48.5% in 2014 to 2015 cohort. About 40% of the 2014 to 2015 cohort reported that they learned to work in inter-professional teams. Collegial nurse-physician relations had an upward positive trajectory over time increasing almost 7%. DISCUSSION: The diversity and education of new nurses have increased, but are short of meeting the IOM recommendations.


Assuntos
Grupos de Populações Continentais/estatística & dados numéricos , Educação em Enfermagem/tendências , Mão de Obra em Saúde/tendências , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Transversais , Educação em Enfermagem/economia , Educação em Enfermagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Licenciamento em Enfermagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Licenciamento em Enfermagem/tendências , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Enfermeiros/estatística & dados numéricos , Enfermeiros/tendências , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Relações Médico-Paciente , Estados Unidos
8.
Cult. cuid ; 21(48): 219-232, mayo-ago. 2017.
Artigo em Português | IBECS | ID: ibc-167403

RESUMO

Estudo cujos objetivos foram identificar e analisar produções científicas sobre a inserção masculina no exercício da Enfermagem. Trata-se de uma revisão integrativa com amostra de 47 artigos publicados em bancos de dados nacionais e internacionais. O método utilizado foi uma estratégia de busca onde articulou-se as palavras-chaves com os boleanos AND e OR em diferentes combinações para encontrar o maior número de produções. Os resultados permitiram construir quatro categorias: o exercício da enfermagem por homens se deu no contexto religioso e pela sua força física; a feminilização da enfermagem se deu pela modernização por Florence Nightingale; o homem na Enfermagem alcança mais facilmente cargos de poder e prestigio por sua masculinidade e os enfermeiros exercem a profissão também por realização pessoal embora sofram preconceito. Concluiu-se que a Enfermagem continua sendo majoritariamente feminina, mas com a presença masculina aumentando gradativamente. Os homens, ao se inserirem na enfermagem, desenvolvem estratégias para superar as dificuldades de ser homem e tornar-se enfermeiro (AU)


Estudios cuyos objetivos han sido identificar y analizar producciones científicas sobre la inserción masculina en el ejercicio de la enfermería. Se trata de una revisión integrativa con amuestra de 47 artículos publicados en bancos de datos nacionales e internacionales. El método utilizado fue una estrategia de búsqueda donde se articuló las palabras claves con los booleanos AND y OR en distintas combinaciones para encontrar el mayor número de producciones. Los resultados permitieron construir cuatros categorías: el ejercicio de la enfermería por hombres se inició en el contexto religioso y por su fuerza física, la feminización de la enfermería empezó por la modernización con Florence Nightingale: el hombre en la enfermería alcanza con más facilidad cargos de poder y prestigio por su masculinidad y los enfermeros también ejercen la profesión por realización personal aunque sufran prejuicios. Se concluye que la enfermería sigue siendo mayormente femenina, pero la presencia masculina ha aumentado gradualmente. Los hombres, al integrarse en la enfermería, desarrollan estrategia para superar las dificultades de ser hombre y hacerse enfermero (AU)


Study whose objectives were to identify and analyze scientific production about the male insertion in the practice of nursing. This was an integrative review with sample of 47 articles published in national and international databases. The method used was a search strategy where an articulated the keywords with the words AND and OR in different combinations to find as many productions. The results showed four categories: the practice of nursing by men occurred in there ligious context and its physical strength; the feminization of nursing occurred by modernization with Florence Nightingale; it is easier to man in nursing to achieve power positions because of their masculinity and they also exercising the profession for personal fulfillment though they suffer preconception. It was concluded that nursing is still predominantly female but with the male presence gradually increasing. It was observed that for men to integrate into the nursing they develop strategies to overcome the difficulties of being a man and become nurse (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Enfermagem , Enfermagem/organização & administração , Educação em Enfermagem , Gênero e Saúde , Enfermeiros/organização & administração , Enfermeiros/estatística & dados numéricos , Enfermeiros/normas , Enfermeiros/educação , Enfermeiros/tendências , História da Enfermagem
9.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 21(2): e20170035, 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-840479

RESUMO

Objetivo: Descrever as percepções de docentes e de profissionais da assistência acerca da integração do técnico de enfermagem na Sistematização da Assistência de Enfermagem (SAE). Métodos: Trata-se de estudo descritivo, de abordagem qualitativa. Participaram sete docentes e 13 técnicos de enfermagem vinculados a um hospital universitário do Nordeste brasileiro. A coleta de dados ocorreu a partir da técnica do grupo focal e o conteúdo textual foi submetido à análise lexicográfica. Resultados: As percepções dos docentes resultaram na análise de quatro classes: potencialidades da integração do técnico na SAE; entraves e fragilidades; formação dos técnicos; e ensino em serviço como primordial. Quanto às opiniões dos técnicos, três classes foram analisadas: representações subjetivas; potencialidades da SAE; e possibilidades de contribuição do técnico de enfermagem. Conclusão: Docentes e profissionais da assistência descrevem as potencialidades da integração do técnico de enfermagem na SAE e a reconhecem como condicionante para efetivação deste método de trabalho.


Assuntos
Humanos , Técnicos de Enfermagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Enfermeiros/estatística & dados numéricos , Processo de Enfermagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Planejamento de Assistência ao Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos
10.
Divulg. saúde debate ; 57: 106-120, dez. 2017. tab
Artigo em Português | Repositório RHS | ID: biblio-880463

RESUMO

RESUMO Objetivou-se identificar os conceitos e determinantes da migração qualificada; a produção de conhecimento sobre migração dos enfermeiros da América do Sul e do Mercosul e analisar a migração dos enfermeiros sul-americanos e mercosulinos. A literatura foi levantada na base Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde (Lilacs) e na internet,tendo como critério de inclusão os estudos de migrantes na América do Sul e Mercosul. Apresentaram-se com maior intensidade: a migração extrarregional e temporária; a migração intrarregional oriunda dos países subdependentes e, no Mercosul, a permanência da incipiente migração. Como lacunas de conhecimento, destacaram-se as vivências dos migrantes e estudos dos enfermeiros brasileiros na migração extrarregional.(AU)


ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to identify the concepts and determinants of qualified migration; the production of knowledge on migration of nurses from South America and Mercosur, and analyze the migration of nurses from South America and from Mercosur. Literature was collected in the Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde (Lilacs) database and on the internet, with the criteria for inclusion of the studies of migrants in South America and Mercosur. It was presented with greater intensity: the extrarregional and temporary migration; the intraregional migration from underdeveloped countries and, within Mercosur, the permanence of the incipient migration. As for the knowledge gaps, the experiences of migrants and studies of Brazilian nurses in extrarregional migration were highlighted.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , /tendências , Mão de Obra em Saúde , Enfermeiros , América do Sul , Emigrantes e Imigrantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Mercosul , Mão de Obra em Saúde/organização & administração , Enfermeiros/estatística & dados numéricos
11.
Am J Mens Health ; 10(6): 450-458, 2016 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25595018

RESUMO

The aim of this research was to compare the health and lifestyle behaviors between male and female nursing professionals. Biological, workplace, and lifestyle factors as well as health behaviors and outcomes are reported as different between male and female nurses. Although male nurses show distinct health-related patterns and experience health disparities at work, few studies have investigated health differences by sex in a large cohort group of nursing professionals. This observation study of Australian and New Zealand nurses and midwives drew data from an eCohort survey. A cohort of 342 females was generated by SPSS randomization (total N=3625), to compare against 342 participating males. Measures for comparison include health markers and behaviors, cognitive well-being, workplace and leisure-time vitality, and functional capacity. Findings suggest that male nurses had a higher BMI, sat for longer, slept for less time, and were more likely to be a smoker than their female nurse counterparts. Men were more likely to report restrictions in bending, bathing, and dressing. In relation to disease, male nurses reported greater rates of respiratory disease and cardiovascular disease, including a three times greater incidence of myocardial infarction, and were more likely to have metabolic problems. In contrast, however, male nurses were more likely to report feeling calm and peaceful with less worries about their health. Important for nurse workforce administrators concerned about the well-being of their staff, the current study reveals significant sex differences and supports the need for gender-sensitive approaches to aid the well-being of male nurses.


Assuntos
Papel do Profissional de Enfermagem/psicologia , Enfermeiros/estatística & dados numéricos , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/estatística & dados numéricos , Saúde do Trabalhador/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Austrália , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Identidade de Gênero , Humanos , Satisfação no Emprego , Masculino , Nova Zelândia , Enfermeiros/psicologia , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/psicologia , Local de Trabalho/psicologia , Adulto Jovem
12.
Nurs Outlook ; 63(6): 680-90, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26362946

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite recent attempts at increasing health care workforce diversity, a measure that was found to reduce health disparities, men remain a minority in the traditionally female occupation of nursing. One exception to this observation is the Arab ethnic minority in Israel that includes numerous male nurses. OBJECTIVE: Determining the percentage of Arab male nurses in the Israeli health care system and understanding how they perceive and negotiate their masculinity. METHODOLOGY: We used both quantitative and qualitative methodologies. Quantitative statistics were obtained from the 2011 to 2013 Labor Force Survey conducted by the Israel Central Bureau of Statistics and qualitative data derived from 13 semi-structured, in-depth interviews with Arab nurses working in Israeli public hospitals, conducted during 2014. FINDINGS: Nursing constitutes a prominent employment path for Arab men in Israel and is more prominent as an employment path for Arab men than that for Jewish men. A total of 38.6% of all Arab nurses were men and only 7.5% of Jews and others. Quantitative data thus reveal that men do not constitute a minority among Arab nurses. Similarly, qualitative findings show that Arab male nurses do not manifest marginal masculinity but rather demonstrate many elements of hegemonic masculinity. Arab male nurses distinguish themselves and differentiate their roles from those of female nurses, expressing their motives for choosing the nursing profession in terms of hegemonic gender roles for men in Arab society in Israel. CONCLUSIONS: Although nursing is a traditionally female occupation, it offers an opportunity for Arab men to demonstrate their masculinity. Arab male nurses choose nursing as a means rather than an end, however, meaning that many of them might not remain in the profession. This observation is significant because of the importance of retaining men from ethnic minorities in nursing, especially in multicultural societies.


Assuntos
Árabes , Masculinidade , Enfermeiros , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Diversidade Cultural , Feminino , Identidade de Gênero , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto , Israel , Masculino , Enfermeiros/estatística & dados numéricos , Papel (figurativo)
13.
Rev. cuba. salud trabajo ; 15(1)20140000. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | CUMED | ID: cum-60420

RESUMO

Se realizó un estudio con diseño observacional, descriptivo de corte longitudinal y retrospectivo para caracterizar la mortalidad en médicos y enfermeros del municipio Arroyo Naranjo en el período 2001-2010. El universo estuvo constituido por 82 fallecidos médicos y enfermeros. Las variables estudiadas fueron: edad, sexo, categoría ocupacional y causa de defunción; además, se determinaron años de vida potencialmente perdidos y años de vida laboralmente perdidos. Se utilizaron por cientos, tasas y promedios. El promedio de edad de los fallecidos fue de 53 ± 11 años; el 67,8 por ciento fueron mujeres; la proporción de fallecidos enfermeros fue significativamente diferente, con un 71,7 por ciento (p=0,000). Los tumores malignos ocuparon el primer lugar, con un 43,9 por ciento, seguido de las enfermedades del sistema circulatorio, con 31,7 por ciento; se mostró el mayor riesgo de morir por cáncer de pulmón e infarto agudo del miocardio; por tumores malignos se dejó de vivir 776 años y los enfermeros perdieron 720 años de vida laboral(AU)


A study with observational design, descriptive of longitudinal and retrospective court was carried out to determine the magnitude and characterization the mortality in physicians and nurses of the municipality of Arroyo Naranjo , in the period 2001-2010. The universe was constituted by 82 physicians and nurses. The variables were: age, sex, occupational category, death cause. There were also determined rates years of life potentially lost and years of life occupationally lost. Percents, rates, averages were used. The average of age was 53 ± 11 years, 67,8 percent of the deceases was women; the proportion of deceases nurses was significantly different, with 71,7 percent (p=0,000). The malign tumors occupied the first place with 43,9 percent, followed by the illnesses of the circulatory system with 31,7 percent; a bigger risk was shown of dying for lung cancer and acute myocardial infarction; for malign tumors they got lost 776 years of life and nurses got lost 720 years of labor life(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Anos Potenciais de Vida Perdidos , Anos de Vida Ajustados pela Incapacidade , Causa Básica de Morte , Enfermeiros/estatística & dados numéricos , Médicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Mortalidade/etnologia , Epidemiologia Descritiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estudos Longitudinais , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto
14.
Nurs Health Sci ; 16(3): 307-13, 2014 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24636021

RESUMO

The stereotypical public image of nursing is a major concern for male nurses around the world. In this study, we explored how Iranian male nurses perceived the public view of nurses, and their perceptions of themselves. A qualitative descriptive design and content analysis were used to obtain data from 18 purposely-selected male hospital nurses with a baccalaureate nursing degree in Tabriz, Iran. Semistructured interviews were conducted and analyzed. Two main themes emerged: (i) the outsider's view of nursing, which referred to the participants' perceptions of their public image; and (ii) the insider's view, which related to the male nurses' perceptions of themselves. Results included personal transition into a positive professional self-image through the educational process, and continued public perception of nursing as a female profession ill-suited for a man. Strategies to improve the insider's and outsider's views of nursing are listed to help recruit and retain more Iranian male nurses.


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Papel do Profissional de Enfermagem , Relações Enfermeiro-Paciente , Enfermeiros/psicologia , Autoimagem , Adulto , Hospitais Públicos , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto , Irã (Geográfico) , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Enfermeiros/educação , Enfermeiros/estatística & dados numéricos , Percepção , Competência Profissional , Papel Profissional , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Fatores Sexuais , Desenvolvimento de Pessoal , Adulto Jovem
15.
BMC Res Notes ; 7: 61, 2014 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24460669

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal complaints are an important occupational problem; nevertheless, few studies have targeted nurses in Saudi Arabia. The aim of this study was to determine the frequency and risk factors of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) among nursing personnel at a tertiary centre in Jeddah. METHODS: A comparative cross-sectional study was performed in which full-time registered nurses from four different departments (n = 200) were selected for analysis between September 1, 2011 and February 29, 2012. Musculoskeletal symptoms over the past year were assessed using the Nordic Standardised Musculoskeletal Questionnaire. In addition to demographic questions, the researcher evaluated employment history, physical risk factors at work, and general health status. RESULTS: In this study, approximately 85% of the nurses reported experiencing at least one musculoskeletal symptom. Musculoskeletal symptoms occurred most commonly in the lower back (65.7%), ankles and feet (41.5%), and shoulders (29%). Prolonged working hours and being underweight were significantly associated with the development of these symptoms (OR 3.66, 95% CI 1.24-10.79, P = 0.018, and OR 2.66, 95% CI 1.37-5.93, P = 0.004, respectively). Working in the surgical department was a greater risk factor for low back pain compared with working in other departments. CONCLUSIONS: WMSDs are common among our nurses, and back pain is the most common symptom. As prolonged working hours and being underweight were factors that contributed most to WMSDs, decreasing shift durations or offering nutrition educational programmes may be suitable solutions. However, further studies are required to examine the best modality for decreasing the occurrence of WMSDs.


Assuntos
Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/epidemiologia , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/estatística & dados numéricos , Enfermagem , Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia , Centros de Atenção Terciária , Adulto , Artralgia/epidemiologia , Dor nas Costas/epidemiologia , Comorbidade , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Departamentos Hospitalares , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Enfermeiros/estatística & dados numéricos , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Arábia Saudita , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia , Magreza/epidemiologia , Tolerância ao Trabalho Programado , Adulto Jovem
16.
Rev Infirm ; (194): 29-30, 2013 Oct.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24288888

RESUMO

Private practice, a sector which attracts male nurses. Although the proportion of women and men within the nursing profession remains stable, the representation of male nurses in private practice has been increasing steadily since 2002 which raises certain questions. This article attempts to explain this phenomenon.


Assuntos
Enfermeiros/estatística & dados numéricos , Prática Privada de Enfermagem/tendências , Humanos , Masculino
18.
Am J Mens Health ; 7(4): 295-305, 2013 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23339129

RESUMO

In Hong Kong, males constituted only about 10.2% of the nursing workforce in 2010. The learning experiences of male nursing students in Hong Kong during their clinical practicum have rarely been explored. If these students cannot maintain their psychological well-being and psychological health in formal education and clinical placements, then their physical health will also suffer. This ethnographic qualitative study gave male nursing students in Hong Kong a chance to voice their experiences during their clinical practicum. Selected through snowball sampling, 18 male nursing students from a local university participated in individual face-to-face semistructured interviews. The data were processed with content analysis. The findings indicated that male students not only received more support and understanding from male rather than female members of staff but endured a certain amount of oppression while working in female wards. According to the students' comments on nursing culture, the work climate of male nursing students could be improved by reorganizing the clinical placements and providing extra support to male nursing students.


Assuntos
Escolha da Profissão , Grupos Minoritários/psicologia , Enfermeiros/psicologia , Estudantes de Enfermagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Educação em Enfermagem/métodos , Feminino , Hong Kong , Humanos , Relações Interprofissionais , Entrevistas como Assunto , Masculino , Determinação de Necessidades de Cuidados de Saúde , Relações Enfermeiro-Paciente , Enfermeiros/estatística & dados numéricos , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Fatores de Risco , Amostragem , Adulto Jovem
19.
Rio de Janeiro; s.n; 2012. 140 p. ilus, graf.
Tese em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-756104

RESUMO

Trata-se de uma pesquisa documental, retrospectiva de fonte secundária,que adota uma abordagem quantitativa descritiva-exploratória. A partir da constatação de altos índices de absenteísmo nas unidades hospitalares, despertou-se o interesse em estudar os custos diretos das doenças ocupacionais que levam aos afastamentos e seu impacto econômico para o orçamento de recursos humanos de um hospital universitário do Rio de Janeiro. Neste contexto, definiu-se como objeto de estudo, o impacto econômico do absenteísmo por doença na equipe de enfermagem e, como objetivos: identificar as causas prevalentes de afastamentos no hospital universitário, de acordo com Classificação Internacional de Doenças e Problemas Relacionados a Saúde (CID-10); estimar os custos diretos mínimos das doenças que afastaram o trabalhador de enfermagem; estimar o custo real aproximado do absenteísmo relacionado a 1 (um) dia de trabalho prestado pelos trabalhadores de enfermagem, com projeção de 1 (um) mês e 1(um) ano numa visão operacional do Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS). Foi utilizada uma amostra estratificada de prontuários dos profissionais de saúde da equipe de enfermagem (enfermeiros e técnicos de enfermagem), a partir do seguinte critério de inclusão: profissionais de enfermagem concursados com afastamento no ano de 2010 e com diagnóstico médico determinante do afastamento, definido claramente. Para a coleta das informações foi feita a apreciação dos documentos arquivados no Serviço de Saúde do Trabalhador do hospital estudado e contou com a apreciação de especialistas médicos relativos aos grupos de diagnósticos estudados, orientados por roteiros criados pela pesquisadora. Os dados foram analisados e armazenados no programa Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) versão 15 e no editor Microsoft excel 2003...


It is a documentary research, retrospective from secondary source , which adopts a quantitative descriptive- exploratory aprouch. From the observation of high rates of absenteeism in hospital the interest in studying the direct costs of occupational diseases that lead cleareances and their economic impact to the human resources budget of a university hospital in Rio de Janeiro. In this context, it was defined as an object of study the economic impact of sickness absenteeism among nursing and the following objectives: to identify the prevalent causes of absenteeism at the university hospital studied, according to the Internacional Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD-10), to estimate the minimum directs costs of the diseases conditions that lead absenteeism to the nursing worker, to estimate the real cost of absenteeism related to one day of work provided by the nursing staff, with projection for one month and one year in operational vision of the Unified Health System (SUS). We used a stratified sample of health professionals records representing nursing staff (nurses and nursing technicians) according to the following inclusion criteria: gazetted professional nursing, with absences in 2010 with medical diagnosis, clearly defined. For data go thing, we used the files the university hospital worker health service and had the appraisal of medical experts for the diagnostic groups studied, according to scripts created by the researcher. Data were analyzed and stored in the program Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 15 and Microsoft excel 2003 in the editor...


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Absenteísmo , Administração em Saúde , Doenças Profissionais/economia , Economia da Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Enfermagem do Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Enfermagem do Trabalho , Enfermeiros/economia , Enfermeiros/estatística & dados numéricos , Administração de Recursos Humanos , Brasil
20.
Nurs Leadersh (Tor Ont) ; 24(3): 86-100, 2011 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22008624

RESUMO

This study aims to answer two questions: Do male nurses receive a wage premium? and, secondly: Do men ride a "glass escalator" and rise to supervisory positions with a higher probability than women do? Using data from the 2005 National Survey of the Work and Health of Nurses (NSWHN), this study finds that male nurses do have higher odds of being in a higher income bracket if they are registered nurses. Further, male nurses who work as registered psychiatric nurses have a very small, but higher likelihood of being in a supervisory position, thus providing small evidence of the existence of a glass escalator within the labour market for nurses in Canada.


Assuntos
Escolha da Profissão , Satisfação no Emprego , Preconceito , Adulto , Canadá , Coleta de Dados , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Enfermeiros/psicologia , Enfermeiros/estatística & dados numéricos , Enfermeiros/provisão & distribução , Psicometria , Análise de Regressão , Fatores Sexuais , Inquéritos e Questionários
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