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1.
BMJ Case Rep ; 13(10)2020 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33130587

RESUMO

A previously fit and well 37-year-old male healthcare worker presented with confusion, psychotic symptoms and a suicide attempt in the context of a new COVID-19 diagnosis. Following surgical interventions and an extended admission to the intensive care unit, he made a good recovery in terms of both his physical and mental health. A number of factors likely contributed to his presentation, including SARS-CoV-2 infection, severe insomnia, worry, healthcare worker-related stress, and the unique social and psychological stressors associated with the COVID-19 pandemic. This case highlights the need to further characterise the specific psychiatric sequelae of COVID-19 in community settings, and should remind general medical clinicians to be mindful of comorbid psychiatric symptoms when assessing patients with newly diagnosed COVID-19.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Transtornos Psicóticos/complicações , Transtornos Psicóticos/diagnóstico , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/diagnóstico , Tentativa de Suicídio/prevenção & controle , Adulto , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Humanos , Masculino , Enfermeiros/psicologia , Estresse Ocupacional/complicações , Estresse Ocupacional/diagnóstico , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pandemias/estatística & dados numéricos , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Prognóstico , Transtornos Psicóticos/tratamento farmacológico , Transtornos Psicóticos/fisiopatologia , Medição de Risco , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/complicações , Estresse Psicológico , Resultado do Tratamento , Reino Unido
2.
J Clin Nurs ; 29(17-18): 3336-3348, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32497347

RESUMO

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To examine nurses' perceptions of physical and verbal violence perpetrated by patients and visitors and to investigate themes surrounding gender and the incidence of violence. BACKGROUND: The prevalence of violence towards nurses is a concern for nurses and hospital administrators. However, nurses who work in acute care and mental healthcare settings are particularly at high risk. This study examines the occurrence, type of violence and gender issues in a regional public hospital of Queensland Australia. DESIGN: An exploratory, qualitative design. METHODS: Focus group interviews with 23 nurses from Emergency Department (ED), Intensive Care Unit (ICU) and Psychiatry Department (PD) working in Queensland regional public hospital, Australia. Qualitative data were transcribed and thematically analysed manually and by NVivo. COREQ research reporting checklist followed. RESULTS: Participants reported frequent incidents of verbal and physical violence on a daily basis. Severe incidence included punching, kicking, biting and scratching, as well as threats of using weapons, such as knives. Patients were more likely to exhibit physical violence, especially towards male nurses, while hospital visitors including patient's family were more likely to exhibit verbal violence. Allocating male nurses in volatile areas and to care for violent patients raises concerns that the male nurses may be seen by their patients as "bodyguards" and not as a professional nurse. CONCLUSION: Findings indicate that staff believe that violence is increasing, feel the burden to accept that violence as part of the job and that the bureaucratic processes of the organisation make it difficult to address violence or get support. Organisations need to be vigilant in ensuring assistance is accessible and simplified. RELEVANT TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: This study contributes new knowledge to the discussion concerning of gender issues. Identifying gender issues could assist in developing the necessary interventions to reduce workplace violence.


Assuntos
Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/psicologia , Violência no Trabalho/psicologia , Adulto , Idoso , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Feminino , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Enfermeiros/psicologia , Unidade Hospitalar de Psiquiatria , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Queensland , Violência no Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos
3.
Nurs Outlook ; 68(3): 313-323, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31879044

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Human beings have an inbuilt desire to care and nurture others. In some professions such as nursing, women are perceived as privileged in relation to these traits, and women are in the majority in the nursing profession. The Gender theory suggests that men should adapt to feminine traits and nature in order to fit in the nursing profession. However, there is a paucity of literature in relation to Arab male nurses' experience in nursing. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore the Jordanian male nurses' experiences of their career within their Arabic community. METHODS: A hermeneutic phenomenological approach, underpinned by VanManen's perspective was used. Twenty-two Jordanian male nurses were approached from four hospitals in Jordan. Four focus groups comprising 5-6 interviewees in each were used. The focus groups were audio-recorded and transcribed verbatim. The data were analyzed using Van Manen's hermeneutic approach and themes extracted from the Arabic version were compared critically with the analysis of the English version to develop the meaning of the narratives. DISCUSSION: Three major themes emerged from the data: (i) personal gains; (ii) masculinity; (iii) and cultural influences. Whilst male nurses recognized nursing is a female dominant profession, they viewed themselves as more independent in decision making and more productive than their female counterparts. Significantly, the participants described nursing as a means of fulfilling their spiritual needs and thus a personal gain. The interviewees linked their masculinity to resilience and endurance. Participants described that men in nursing face some social constraints within the Arab community. CONCLUSION: The study findings partly supported the fact that nursing in Jordan is a predominantly female profession which lends support to the gender theory in which Jordanian male nurses experienced a social bias and disadvantages by Arabic culture stereotypes of a male nurse. Although nursing is still a feminine career, the findings of this study raise awareness that gender role stereotype might not hold a strong stance in relation to nursing and that could be attributed to elements such as economic and payment status.


Assuntos
Árabes/psicologia , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Enfermeiros/psicologia , Adulto , Características Culturais , Grupos Focais , Identidade de Gênero , Humanos , Jordânia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Enfermeiros/estatística & dados numéricos , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Estereotipagem
4.
J Clin Nurs ; 29(3-4): 535-544, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31737968

RESUMO

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore the regulation role of work resources in male nurses' job burnout and job demands. BACKGROUND: Burnout syndrome affects a wide range of nurses. Although burnout and turnover rate have drawn many researchers' attention, little is known of work characteristics that may cause a high burnout and turnover rate in male nurses. DESIGN: A survey design was used. METHOD: A total of 366 male nurses in Guangzhou hospitals were included in this survey using the Burnout Scale (MBI-GS) and the Job demands Resources Scale. Data were processed by hierarchical regression analysis. (Followed the STROBE checklist) RESULTS: The male nurse's MBI score was (2.72 ± 1.02). Job demands affected the severity of male nurses' job burnout. Work resources are in a low level, especially at the social support, reward and skill diversity. The regression coefficients ß of job demands, work resources and interaction items of job demands and work resources were 0.277, 0.314 and -0.006, respectively, and both passed the significance test (p < .01).). The new explanatory quantity ΔR2 after introducing the interaction between job demands and working resources was also statistically significant (ΔR2  = 0.254, p < .01). CONCLUSION: Male nurses are at a mild level of job burnout, and work resources are in shortage. Work resources play a regulating role in job demands and burnout. RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: The mild burnout may be a surface phenomenon or was a sign of trend of male nurses' intention to leave the job. Managers should pay attention to the emotional needs and mental health problems of male nurses' work environment.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia , Enfermeiros/psicologia , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/psicologia , Adulto , Esgotamento Profissional/diagnóstico , Esgotamento Profissional/epidemiologia , China , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Enfermeiros/estatística & dados numéricos , Reorganização de Recursos Humanos , Apoio Social , Inquéritos e Questionários , Carga de Trabalho/psicologia
5.
Nurs Ethics ; 27(2): 381-389, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31177916

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Maintaining dignity is one of the most important human rights. However, maintaining and promoting the dignity of nursing students as an important caregiver group has scarcely been considered. Dignity can be viewed as an abstract concept particularly in relation to the perspective of male nursing student perspective. Therefore, more investigation is required to explore the male students' understanding of the concept of dignity. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to define and explain the concept of dignity among male nursing students in the neonatal intensive care unit. RESEARCH DESIGN: This is a qualitative content analysis study. The data were collected through semi-structured individual interviews. The data were analyzed by conventional content analysis method. PARTICIPANTS AND RESEARCH CONTEXT: Twenty male nursing students in public health centers in Iran were selected by targeted sampling to achieve data saturation between February 2017 and November 2017. FINDINGS: The findings of this study were presented in three main themes, including "extensive support," "belief in ability," and "participation in decision making," and 7 sub-categories of data were extracted. ETHICAL CONSIDERATIONS: The study's protocol was approved by the Research Ethics Committee of the Shiraz University of Medical Sciences and the ethical principles were followed throughout the study. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: According to the findings of the study, male nursing students required extensive support, and their academic and practical skills required to be respected; in addition, they should be involved in decision making, because in such an environment, the dignity of these students will be maintained and promoted. Therefore, it is suggested that a cultural, professional, and institutional background in which all components of the male nursing student's dignity are protected and emphasized should be provided.


Assuntos
Enfermeiros/psicologia , Percepção , Pessoalidade , Estudantes de Enfermagem/psicologia , Adulto , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Grupos Focais/métodos , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal/organização & administração , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal/estatística & dados numéricos , Entrevistas como Assunto/métodos , Irã (Geográfico) , Masculino , Enfermeiros/estatística & dados numéricos , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Estudantes de Enfermagem/estatística & dados numéricos
6.
J Prof Nurs ; 35(6): 505-511, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31857062

RESUMO

Male nursing students may experience social prejudice, which may lead to psychological distress. However, few quantitative studies have focused on their mental health. This study aimed to explore the relationship among self-esteem, perceived prejudice, and psychological distress in male nursing students, and compare differences in self-esteem, perceived prejudice, and psychological distress, as well as the relationships among these variables between male nursing students who selected nursing as their first choice for a major and those who did not. A survey based on a cross-sectional design was used. Self-esteem, perceived prejudice, and psychological distress of 460 male nursing students in China were measured using the Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale, a self-developed questionnaire, and the Kessler 10, respectively. Structural equation modeling was adopted to test the theoretical model regarding the relationships among self-esteem, perceived prejudice, and psychological distress. The results indicated that 82.2% of the participants reported psychological distress. The participants who did not select nursing as their first choice for a major reported a significantly higher perceived prejudice, higher prevalence of psychological distress, and lower self-esteem. Therefore, when selecting male students, nursing schools must prioritize those who selected nursing as their first choice for a major.


Assuntos
Enfermeiros/psicologia , Angústia Psicológica , Autoimagem , Sexismo , Estudantes de Enfermagem/psicologia , Adulto , China , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Masculino , Modelos Teóricos , Adulto Jovem
7.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 27: e37214, jan.-dez. 2019. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1050643

RESUMO

Objetivo: revisar os estudos que referenciam as intervenções e responsabilidades do enfermeiro de saúde pública, desde a criação do Serviço Nacional de Saúde (SNS) Português em 1979, até aos nossos dias. Método: scoping review, seguindo a versão PCC - participants, concept and context, do The Joanna Briggs Institute. Consultamos bases de dados como a Biblioteca do Conhecimento Online, Scientific Eletronic Library Online, EBSCOhost Online Research Databases. O período de publicação foi de 1979 a 2018. Resultados: selecionamos quatro artigos publicados e seis dissertações de mestrado, entre 2010 e 2016. Os temas têm a ver com atividades e atuações dos enfermeiros, autonomia e competências, fundamentos normativos, perceções de equipas de saúde, transmissão e obtenção de informação em saúde. Conclusão: Os resultados apurados, mesmo que escassos, forneceram pistas para uma reflexão acerca do modo, tipo dos processos de intervenção, destes enfermeiros, que segundo a opinião de alguns deles, compreendem mais as suas competências do que as concretizam.


Objective: to review studies that refer to interventions and responsibilities of public health nurses, since the creation of the Portuguese National Health Service (NHS) in 1979, to the present day. Method: scoping review, following the PCC - participants, concept and context version of The Joanna Briggs Institute. We consulted databases such as the Biblioteca do Conhecimento Online, Scientific Electronic Library Online, EBSCOhost Online Research Databases. The publication period was from 1979 to 2018. Results: we selected four published articles and six master's dissertations, between 2010 and 2016. The subjects have to do with nurses' activities and actions, autonomy and competences, normative foundations, perceptions of nursing teams, health, transmission and collection of health information. Conclusion: The results, even if scarce, provided clues for a reflection on the mode, type of intervention processes of these nurses, who, according to some of them, understand their competences more than they concretize them.


Objetivo: revisar estudios que se refieren a intervenciones y responsabilidades de enfermeros de salud pública, desde la creación del Servicio Nacional de Salud de Portugal (SNS) en 1979, hasta la actualidad. Método: revisión de alcance, siguiendo el PCC - participantes, concepto y versión de contexto del Instituto Joanna Briggs. Consultamos bases de datos como Biblioteca do Conhecimento Online, Scientific Eletronic Library Online, EBSCOhost Online Research Databases. El período de publicación fue 1979 a 2018. Resultados: seleccionamos cuatro artículos publicados y seis disertaciones de maestría, entre 2010 y 2016. Los temas tienen que ver con las actividades, acciones de los enfermeros, autonomía y competencias, fundamentos normativos, percepciones de los equipos de enfermería, salud, transmisión y recopilación de información sanitaria. Conclusión: los resultados, aunque escasos, proporcionaron pistas para reflexionar sobre el modo, tipo de procesos de intervención de estos enfermeros, quienes, según algunos de ellos, entienden sus competencias más de lo que las concretan.


Assuntos
Portugal , Competência Profissional , Enfermagem em Saúde Pública , Saúde Pública , Revisão , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Prática Profissional , Transmissão de Doença Infecciosa , Enfermeiras de Saúde Pública , Programas Nacionais de Saúde , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/provisão & distribução , Enfermeiros/provisão & distribução , Enfermeiros/psicologia , Cuidados de Enfermagem
8.
Nurs Forum ; 54(4): 690-697, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31612536

RESUMO

This study explored men's experiences in nursing. A qualitative research design was utilized to examine (a) the stressors experienced by male nurses, (b) the strategies male nurses use to cope with these stressors, (c) the factors that motivate men to pursue a career in nursing and (d) what motivates men to remain in the profession. Six participants were conveniently and purposively selected from a range of nursing positions including cardiac, intensive care unit, theater, and general nursing to participate in semi-structured interviews detailing their experiences. Thematic analysis of the interview data revealed that male nurses still experience gender role conflict, feelings of exclusion, and numerous other stressors working in a female-dominated occupation. Despite these challenges, participants reported that they experienced a great sense of satisfaction in their nursing careers. Further development of educational programs aimed at challenging and breaking down the perceived social stigma regarding men entering the profession may assist in recruiting more men into nursing roles. At a broader policy level, the development of more effective strategies to prevent and manage stress may assist health care agencies to deliver more gender diverse care and retain more men in the profession.


Assuntos
Enfermeiros/psicologia , Recompensa , Estresse Psicológico/etiologia , Adulto , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Papel do Profissional de Enfermagem/psicologia , Enfermeiros/tendências , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Sexismo , Estigma Social , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia
9.
Can Bull Med Hist ; 36(2): 413-443, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31525307

RESUMO

The nursing studies narrative of the role of masculinity can be summarized as follows: hegemonic masculinity prevents men from doing care work. An analysis of public relations efforts to recruit male nurses in West Germany during the 1960s does not provide evidence for such a link. Representing nursing as compatible with hegemonic masculinity was also able to legitimize the existence of male nurses, while the idea of promoting gender equality in nursing was advocated by exactly those institutions that enabled the eventual gender inequality within the profession. Finally, the thesis of hegemonic masculinity as some kind of anti-caregiving agent comes into question because of the success of the civilian service in West Germany, despite the gender shaming used to deter men from enlisting in it.


Assuntos
Masculinidade/história , Enfermeiros/história , Fatores Socioeconômicos/história , Alemanha Ocidental , História do Século XX , Humanos , Masculino , Enfermeiros/psicologia , Enfermeiros/normas
10.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 19(1): 332, 2019 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31500582

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The North Eastern region in Kenya experiences challenges in the utilization of maternal and newborn health services. In this region, culture and religion play a major role in influencing healthcare seeking behaviour of the community. This study was conducted to (i) understand key inherent barriers to health facility delivery in the Somali community of North Eastern Kenya and (ii) inform interventions on specific needs of this community. METHODS: The study was conducted among community members of Garissa sub-County as part of a baseline assessment before the implementation of an intervention package aimed at creating demand and increasing utilization of maternal and newborn services. Focus group discussions and key informant interviews were conducted with clan leaders, Imams, health managers, member of the county assembly, and service users (women and men) in three locations of Garissa sub-County. Data were analysed through content analysis, by coding recurrent themes and pre-established themes. RESULTS: Using health facility for delivery was widely acceptable and most respondents acknowledged the advantages and benefits of skilled birth delivery. However, a commonly cited barrier in using health facility delivery was the issue of male nurses and doctors attending to women in labour. According to participants, it is against their culture and thus a key disincentive to using maternity services. Living far from the health facility and lack of a proper and reliable means of transportation was also highlighted as a reason for home delivery. At the health facility level, respondents complained about the poor attitude of health care providers, especially female nurses being disrespectful; and the limited availability of healthcare workers, equipment and supplies. Lack of awareness and information on the importance of skilled birth attendance was also noted. CONCLUSION: To increase health facility delivery, interventions need to offer services that take into consideration the sociocultural aspect of the recipients. Culturally acceptable and sensitive services, and awareness on the benefits of skilled birth attendance among the community members are likely to attract more women to use maternity services and thus reduce adverse maternal and newborn health outcomes.


Assuntos
Cultura , Parto Obstétrico , Serviços de Saúde Materna , Enfermeiros/psicologia , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde , Gestantes/psicologia , Adulto , Parto Obstétrico/métodos , Parto Obstétrico/psicologia , Parto Obstétrico/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Grupos Focais , Humanos , Quênia , Masculino , Serviços de Saúde Materna/organização & administração , Serviços de Saúde Materna/estatística & dados numéricos , Tocologia/organização & administração , Tocologia/normas , Determinação de Necessidades de Cuidados de Saúde , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/psicologia , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Gravidez , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Fatores Sexuais , Percepção Social , Recusa do Paciente ao Tratamento/psicologia , Recusa do Paciente ao Tratamento/estatística & dados numéricos
11.
Int Nurs Rev ; 66(4): 563-570, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31373386

RESUMO

AIMS: (1) To learn how male nurses view and manage their relationships with families of hospitalized children, in contrast to how they view those established by female nurses. (2) To know if male nurses' relationships with families of hospitalized children are influenced by gender roles and stereotypes. BACKGROUND: Relationships are essential in care. Prevailing gender stereotypes suggest that males have more difficulties with relationships than with technical aspects of nursing. METHOD: Descriptive qualitative research in a public tertiary hospital September-December 2015. Participants were male nurses who worked in maternal and child health. Purposive sampling, based on criteria of homogeneity-regularity and heterogeneity-diversity. Semi-structured interviews and content analysis. FINDINGS: Twelve male nurses participated. Two key themes emerged. (1) Establishment of professional-family relationship. Male nurses denied that male and female nurses established relationships with families differently, attributing any differences to personality rather than gender. (2) Management of relationships. Male nurses claimed that they set more limits on their relationships with families than female nurses. DISCUSSION: Male nurses both disrupted and reproduced gendered stereotypes about relationships with families, revealing new models of masculinity. CONCLUSION: Male nurses reject the stereotype that nursing is a women's profession, but they interpret their relationships with families in terms of gender roles and stereotypes. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING AND NURSING POLICY: These findings contribute to understandings of the influence of gender stereotypes in nursing. They support the work of professional associations and labour unions in Spain and other countries to combat gender stereotypes and gender differences in nursing.


Assuntos
Enfermeiros/psicologia , Enfermagem Pediátrica , Relações Profissional-Família , Adulto , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto , Masculino , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Espanha
12.
Nurs Forum ; 54(4): 593-600, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31463944

RESUMO

Use of the term male nurse is common in nursing wherever the practice setting may be, but no formal analysis has been done to illuminate the meaning of the concept. The term male nurse is often problematic to those referred to, as the label carries stereotypes that further marginalize this extreme minority in the nursing profession. The Nurse Registration Act of 1919 (UK) banned men from nursing de jure, whilst Nightingale's reform of nursing education established the same de facto years before. This potent mix of tradition and law served as the basis for sex-segregation and feminization of nursing. Fast forward to today-in the centennial of the Nurse Registration Act-women still dominate nursing, and attempts to recruit and retain men into the profession remains to be a very challenging task. Walker and Avant's methodology was utilized in this concept analysis. Seven defining attributes of the male nurse were identified: perceived as a male, credentialed as a nurse, increased visibility, nonconformist as to career choice, cautious caregivers, stereotyped/stigmatized, and increased role strain. Antecedents, consequences, and illustrative cases were also discussed. Gender-based labels such as male nurse are injurious to nursing, as it preserves sex-segregation as well as stereotypes that affect both men and women in the profession. This concept analysis corroborates the need to degender nursing and caring, which is a recurrent theme in nursing literature. Ultimately, degendering nursing should translate to measures to increase the proportion of men in the nursing workforce. A gender-balanced workforce, coupled with degendered notions of caring will strengthen the nursing profession and optimize our ability to serve our clientele.


Assuntos
Formação de Conceito , Enfermeiros/classificação , Adulto , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Enfermeiros/psicologia , Enfermeiros/tendências , Sexismo , Estigma Social
13.
Enferm Clin ; 29 Suppl 2: 252-256, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31248734

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to find out the overview of nurses' characteristics and self-efficacy based on nurse characteristics. METHOD: This cross-sectional study used cluster sampling involved 12 hospitals in 6 provinces in Indonesia, followed by proportionate random sampling, and obtained 1323 nurses. Data collected by questionnaire. RESULTS: There were significant differences in self-efficacy of male and female nurses (p=0.009). There were significant differences in self-efficacy of nurses in private hospitals and public hospitals (p=0.005). The mean self-efficacy of nurses was 32.50±4992 (81.25%), the composition value of action-related self-efficacy (82.38%) was higher than coping-related self-efficacy (80.15%). CONCLUSIONS: Male nurses have higher self-efficacy than female. Nurses in private hospitals have higher self-efficacy than nurses in public hospitals. Nurses in Indonesia have good self-efficacy. Nevertheless, the nurse's belief in the ability to strive for achieving goals is not as big as the initial belief of the nurse in setting the goals.


Assuntos
Adaptação Psicológica , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/psicologia , Autoeficácia , Adulto , Análise de Variância , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Hospitais Privados , Hospitais Públicos , Humanos , Indonésia , Masculino , Enfermeiros/psicologia , Fatores Sexuais
14.
Rev. Rol enferm ; 42(5): 336-340, mayo 2019.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-186980

RESUMO

Objetivo. Identificar las percepciones de los estudiantes de enfermería masculinos sobre los factores motivacionales y frustraciones encontradas al convertirse en enfermero. Participantes y método. Estudio cualitativo, realizado mediante siete grupos de discusión; 58 participantes en total, estudiantes de Enfermería varones, pertenecientes a los cuatro cursos del grado de enfermería. Las conversaciones fueron grabadas, transcritas y se realizó un análisis del discurso. Resultados. Los estudiantes creían que la imagen pública de las enfermeras era más positiva que hace años, pero manifestaron que se se-guía percibiendo como una profesión de mujeres. Consideraban esta profesión atractiva mayoritariamente por su deseo de ayudar a otras personas; los obstáculos encontrados estaban relacionados con la imagen femenina de la profesión que no permite a los varones acercarse a ella en ocasiones; su percepción del trato desigual con respecto a las pacientes lo consideraban frustrante y no ayudaba a su integración. En cuanto a sus deseos de incorporación en el mundo laboral, mayoritariamente se pronuncia-ron por unidades en las que tenían un papel activo donde la enfermería es más técnica y goza de mayor autonomía


Objective. To identify the perceptions of male nursing students about the motivational factors and frustrations found when becoming a nurse. Participants and method. Qualitative study, carried out by four groups of discussion, 24 participants in total, of male nursing students, belonging to the four nursing degree courses. The conversations were recorded, transcribed and an analysis of the speech was made. Results. Students believed that the public image of nurses was more positive than years ago, but said it was perceived as a women's profession. They consider this profession to be most attractive for their desire to help others; the obstacles encountered were related to the female image of the profession not allowing men to approach it. At times their perception of unequal treatment regarding patients was considered frustrating and did not help their integration. As for their desire to be integrated in the labor market, they were mostly tended to units where most of them had an active role, where nursing is more te-chnical and enjoys greater autonomy


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudantes de Enfermagem/psicologia , Estudantes de Enfermagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Educação em Enfermagem , Enfermeiros/educação , Enfermeiros/psicologia , Estereotipagem de Gênero , Motivação , Pesquisa Qualitativa
15.
Estud. pesqui. psicol. (Impr.) ; 19(1): 71-88, jan.-abr. 2019. tab, ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos técnico-científicos | ID: biblio-999327

RESUMO

Este estudo avaliou a percepção de estresse e estressores de enfermeiros de um hospital universitário e coletou sugestões de ações para amenizar o estresse. O estudo, descritivo, transversal, qualitativo e quantitativo foi realizado com 70 enfermeiros de diversas unidades de um hospital. Utilizou-se a Escala de Estresse de Bianchi e uma pergunta aberta. Os dados quantitativos foram analisados pelo programa SPSS e foram feitas análises descritivas e inferenciais. Para os dados qualitativos, utilizou-se a técnica de análise de conteúdo de Bardin. Resultados indicaram que a maior parte (67%) dos sujeitos apresentou nível médio de estresse. O domínio B (atividades relacionadas ao funcionamento adequado da unidade) teve a média de escore de estresse mais alta (5,2) em todas as unidades estudadas. A média de estresse dos enfermeiros que exercem função de chefia foi significantemente maior do que a média dos que não exercem (p=0,002). A área temática "Melhores condições para o trabalho" foi a mais citada como sugestão para amenizar o estresse. Os dados obtidos indicaram que a situação atual de precarização do hospital está relacionada com o estresse dos enfermeiros. Considera-se que o estudo permitiu ampla compreensão sobre o estresse e estressores em enfermeiros do hospital e subsídios para estudos posteriores.(AU)


This study evaluated the perception of stress and stressors of nurses at a university hospital and collected suggestions for actions to relieve stress. Descriptive, cross-sectional qualitative and quantitative study with 70 nurses from different hospital units. The Bianchi Stress Scale was used and an open question was applied. The quantitative data were analyzed using the SPSS program and descriptive and inferential analyzes were used. For qualitative data, the Bardin content analysis technique was used. The results indicated that most of the participants (67%) had a medium level of stress. Domain B (activities related to the proper functioning of the unit) had the highest average stress score in all units studied. The mean stress level of nurses who performed leadership was significantly higher than the average of those who did not (p = 0.002). The thematic area "Better conditions for work" was the most cited as a suggestion to relieve stress. The data obtained indicates that the current situation of precariousness of the hospital is related to the nurses' stress. It is considered that the study allowed a broad understanding on the stress and stressors of hospital nurses and subsidies for further studies.(AU)


Este estudio evaluó la percepción del estrés y estresores de enfermeros de un hospital universitario y recogió sugerencias de acciones para amenizar el estrés. Estudio descriptivo, transversal, cualitativo y cuantitativo se realizó con 70 enfermeros de varias unidades de un hospital. Se utilizó la Escala de estrés de Bianchi y una pregunta abierta. Los datos cuantitativos fueron analizados por el programa SPSS. Para los datos cualitativos se utilizó la técnica de análisis de contenido de Bardin. Los resultados indicaron que 67% presentaron un nivel medio de estrés. El dominio B (actividades relacionadas al funcionamiento adecuado de la unidad) tuvo el promedio de puntuación de estrés más alta (5,2) en todas las unidades estudiadas. El promedio de estrés de los enfermeros que ejercen función de dirección fue significativamente mayor que el promedio de los que no ejercen (Test t de student p = 0,002). El área temática "Mejores condiciones para el trabajo" fue la más citada como sugerencia para amenizar el estrés. Los datos obtenidos indican que la situación de precarización del hospital está relacionada con el estrés de los enfermeros. Se considera que el estudio permitió una amplia comprensión sobre el estrés y estrés de los enfermeros del hospital y subsidios para estudios posteriores.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores Desencadeantes , Estresse Ocupacional/psicologia , Hospitais Universitários , Condições de Trabalho , Saúde , Pessoal de Saúde , Enfermeiros/psicologia
16.
Int J Nurs Educ Scholarsh ; 16(1)2019 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30920954

RESUMO

Background Veterans may provide a recruitment source to increase the diversity of the nursing workforce and increase the percentage of baccalaureate-prepared nurses. This study sought to understand the lived experience of male combat veterans in pre-licensure baccalaureate degree nursing programs. Method Using Van Manen's interpretive phenomenology methodology, a purposive sample of seven male combat veterans in pre-licensure baccalaureate degree nursing programs participated through written lived-experience descriptions (n = 2), photo-elicitation (n = 2), and unstructured interviews (N = 7). Findings The essential nature of the phenomenon is focused on the objective and four themes describing the participant's experiences were identified: tools of the trade, identity, turbulent waters, and fuel. Conclusion Despite the presence of barriers and frustrations, participants applied their identity and used the strengths gained through military service along with supports to focus on their objective of becoming a nurse. Thus, this research has implications for nurse educators.


Assuntos
Escolha da Profissão , Bacharelado em Enfermagem/métodos , Enfermeiros/educação , Veteranos/educação , Adaptação Psicológica , Adulto , Humanos , Masculino , Enfermeiros/psicologia , Estudantes de Enfermagem , Veteranos/psicologia
17.
Am J Mens Health ; 13(1): 1557988319825922, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30739556

RESUMO

This study aimed at examining social appearance anxiety levels of male nursing students and their coping attitudes and identifying the relationship between them. A cross-sectional research approach was adopted in a study population of 180; the sample comprised 129 students. Data were collected using a socio-demographic information form, the Social Appearance Anxiety Scale (SAAS), and the Assessment of Coping Attitudes Inventory (COPE). The average age of students was 20.54 ± 1.49 years. The male students' average score obtained from the SAAS measure was 32.64 ± 13.07, while that of the COPE Inventory was 138.11 ± 14.47. Significant correlations were detected between students' SAAS scores and COPE scale scores. There were negative relationships between social anxiety scores and COPE subscales of positive reinterpretation and growth ( p < .05), use of instrumental social support ( p < .05), active coping ( p ≤ .01), and planning ( p ≤ .01). In contrast, there were positive relationships between social anxiety scores and COPE subscales of mental disengagement ( p ≤ .01), denial ( p ≤ .01), behavioral disengagement ( p ≤ .01), restraint ( p ≤ .01), use of emotional social support ( p < .05), substance use ( p ≤ .01), and acceptance ( p < .05). The conclusion was that male students who do not perceive themselves as having an ideal body image face high social appearance anxiety. There is a prejudice that social appearance anxiety has negative effects on these students' self-confidence. In this context, this research revealed concrete results about how male nursing students have battled the prejudices that they have faced throughout their student life.


Assuntos
Enfermeiros/psicologia , Autoimagem , Percepção Social , Estudantes de Enfermagem/psicologia , Adaptação Psicológica , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Masculino , Satisfação Pessoal , Apoio Social , Local de Trabalho/psicologia , Adulto Jovem
18.
J Clin Nurs ; 28(9-10): 1465-1472, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30358000

RESUMO

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To examine the relationships among nursing students' perceived nursing image, caring behaviours and gender-friendliness barriers to determine whether gender-friendliness barriers affect nursing image and caring behaviour among male nursing students. BACKGROUND: Because caring is typically seen as a feminine trait, male nurses face gender-role strains in the current nursing environment. Gender-friendliness barriers may have an impact on the vital relationship between professional nursing image and caring behaviour. DESIGN: This study used a quantitative and cross-sectional research design. METHODS: Participants were 141 male students who had obtained at least 1 month of clinical practice experience. We collected data using three instruments: The Caring Assessment Report Evaluation Q-sort (CARE-Q), Gender-Friendliness Barriers in Nursing Programs (GFB-NP), and Nursing Image-as a Profession Questionnaire (NIPQ). Data were collected from August 2016-July 2017. Partial least squares structural equation modelling (PLS-SEM) with bootstrapping was used to test the hypothesis model. RESULTS: The full model results indicated a direct positive and significant path from professional nursing image to caring behaviour (ß = 0.47, 95% CI = 0.32 to 0.61, t = 6.19, p < 0.001). Gender-friendliness barriers had a direct and significant negative relationship between professional nursing image (ß = -0.31, 95% CI = -0.49 to -0.12, t = 3.17, p < 0.01) and caring behaviour (ß = -0.18, 95% CI = -0.35 to -0.02, t = 2.18, p < 0.05). In addition, the variable of student-perceived barriers to gender-friendliness was indirectly and significantly negatively related to caring behaviour (ß = -0.15, 95% CI = -0.27 to -0.05, t = 2.57, p < 0.05) through professional nursing image. CONCLUSION: Male nursing students with a higher nursing image engage in greater caring behaviour. Gender-friendliness barriers, however, decrease students' nursing image and caring behaviour. RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: As applied to nursing education, the goal should be to improve male nursing students' caring behaviours and professional nursing image and decrease gender-friendliness barriers.


Assuntos
Empatia , Enfermeiros/psicologia , Estudantes de Enfermagem/psicologia , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Inquéritos e Questionários
19.
J Transcult Nurs ; 30(2): 95, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30222061
20.
J Palliat Care ; 34(1): 5-11, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29756532

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE:: Caring for someone close who is dying, such as a spouse, is an emotive experience; however, there is little research examining the phenomenon of caregiving for a spouse at the end of life and of men's experiences specifically. Existing literature suggests that men who are providing care are less likely to seek help than women, especially psychological and emotional support for themselves. The aim of the current study was to explore the lived experiences of men caring for a dying spouse or partner and their help-seeking for themselves during this time. METHODS:: Eight semi-structured interviews were conducted with men caring for their partner, who was receiving palliative care. Interviews were transcribed verbatim and analyzed using interpretative phenomenological analysis. RESULTS:: Three superordinate themes emerged from the data, "Illness Questions Everything," "Constructing the Caring Role," and "Help-Seeking at the Limit." The arrival of a terminal illness into a partnership is traumatic, and while it can deepen relationships, it can also create distance. The carer role has conflicting demands and carers need to make sense of their experience in order for the carer role to be constructed as a source of purpose or meaning. Finally, the idea of seeking help for oneself as a carer during this time is seen as "incompatible," unmanageable, and can only be considered if constructed as a "last resort." SIGNIFICANCE OF RESULTS:: Men care too; however, they can feel confused by this role and unsure as to how this fits with their identity as a man. They make sense of this by identifying as a partner whose "duty" or "responsibility" is to provide care. Although this is an understandable stance, it puts them at risk of further emotional, psychological, and physiological difficulties if their own needs are not met. Men need to be supported during this time and their caring qualities need to be destigmatized and demystified so that they can feel more able to identify with the role and look after themselves while caring for their dying partner.


Assuntos
Adaptação Psicológica , Cuidadores/psicologia , Família/psicologia , Enfermeiros/psicologia , Cuidados Paliativos/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pesquisa Qualitativa
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