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1.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(16)2021 Aug 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34445327

RESUMO

The fight against cancer is one of the main challenges for medical research. Recently, nanotechnology has made significant progress, providing possibilities for developing innovative nanomaterials to overcome the common limitations of current therapies. In this context, silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) represent a promising nano-tool able to offer interesting applications for cancer research. Following this path, we combined the silver proprieties with Artemisia arborescens characteristics, producing novel nanoparticles called Artemisia-AgNPs. A "green" synthesis method was performed to produce Artemisia-AgNPs, using Artemisia arborescens extracts. This kind of photosynthesis is an eco-friendly, inexpensive, and fast approach. Moreover, the bioorganic molecules of plant extracts improved the biocompatibility and efficacy of Artemisia-AgNPs. The Artemisia-AgNPs were fully characterized and tested to compare their effects on various cancer cell lines, in particular HeLa and MCF-7. Artemisia-AgNPs treatment showed dose-dependent growth inhibition of cancer cells. Moreover, we evaluated their impact on the cell cycle, observing a G1 arrest mediated by Artemisia-AgNPs treatment. Using a clonogenic assay after treatment, we observed a complete lack of cell colonies, which demonstrated cell reproducibility death. To have a broader overview on gene expression impact, we performed RNA-sequencing, which demonstrated the potential of Artemisia-AgNPs as a suitable candidate tool in cancer research.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Artemisia/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Prata , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Apoptose/genética , Artemisia/metabolismo , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/genética , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Química Verde , Células HeLa , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/uso terapêutico , Células PC-3 , Extratos Vegetais/química , Prata/química , Prata/uso terapêutico
2.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(16)2021 Aug 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34445346

RESUMO

Corosolic acid (CA; 2α-hydroxyursolic acid) is a natural pentacyclic triterpenoid with antioxidant, antitumour and antimetastatic activities against various tumour cells during tumourigenesis. However, CA's antitumour effect and functional roles on human oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) cells are utterly unknown. In this study, our results demonstrated that CA significantly exerted an inhibitory effect on matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)1 expression, cell migration and invasion without influencing cell growth or the cell cycle of human OSCC cells. The critical role of MMP1 was confirmed using the GEPIA database and showed that patients have a high expression of MMP1 and have a shorter overall survival rate, confirmed on the Kaplan-Meier curve assay. In the synergistic inhibitory analysis, CA and siMMP1 co-treatment showed a synergically inhibitory influence on MMP1 expression and invasion of human OSCC cells. The ERK1/2 pathway plays an essential role in mediating tumour progression. We found that CA significantly inhibits the phosphorylation of ERK1/2 dose-dependently. The ERK1/2 pathway played an essential role in the CA-mediated downregulation of MMP1 expression and in invasive motility in human OSCC cells. These findings first demonstrated the inhibitory effects of CA on OSCC cells' progression through inhibition of the ERK1/2-MMP1 axis. Therefore, CA might represent a novel strategy for treating OSCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Neoplasias Bucais/patologia , Triterpenos/farmacologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/metabolismo , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação para Baixo/efeitos dos fármacos , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/metabolismo , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/patologia , Humanos , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases/efeitos dos fármacos , Metaloproteinase 1 da Matriz/metabolismo , Neoplasias Bucais/metabolismo , Metástase Neoplásica , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/patologia , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
3.
Molecules ; 26(15)2021 Jul 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34361577

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: In this study, small molecules possessing tetrahydropyrimidine derivatives have been synthesized having halogenated benzyl derivatives and carboxylate linkage. As previously reported, FDA approved halogenated pyrimidine derivatives prompted us to synthesize novel compounds in order to evaluate their biological potential. METHODOLOGY: Eight pyrimidine derivatives have been synthesized from ethyl acetoacetate, secondary amine, aromatic benzaldehyde by adding catalytic amount of CuCl2·2H2O via solvent less Grindstone multicomponent reagent method. Molecular structure reactivity and virtual screening were performed to check their biological efficacy as an anti-oxidant, anti-cancer and anti-diabetic agent. These studies were supported by in vitro analysis and QSAR studies. RESULTS: After combined experimental and virtual screening 5c, 5g and 5e could serve as lead compounds, having low IC50 and high binding affinity.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Antioxidantes , Hipoglicemiantes , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Pirimidinas , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/síntese química , Antioxidantes/química , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Hipoglicemiantes/síntese química , Hipoglicemiantes/química , Hipoglicemiantes/farmacologia , Pirimidinas/síntese química , Pirimidinas/química , Pirimidinas/farmacologia
4.
Molecules ; 26(16)2021 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34443536

RESUMO

A common method of three-dimensional (3D) cell cultures is embedding single cells in Matrigel. Separated cells in Matrigel migrate or grow to form spheroids but lack cell-to-cell interaction, which causes difficulty or delay in forming mature spheroids. To address this issue, we proposed a 3D aggregated spheroid model (ASM) to create large single spheroids by aggregating cells in Matrigel attached to the surface of 96-pillar plates. Before gelling the Matrigel, we placed the pillar inserts into blank wells where gravity allowed the cells to gather at the curved end. In a drug screening assay, the ASM with Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cell lines showed higher drug resistance compared to both a conventional spheroid model (CSM) and a two-dimensional (2D) cell culture model. With protein expression, cytokine activation, and penetration analysis, the ASM showed higher expression of cancer markers associated with proliferation (p-AKT, p-Erk), tight junction formation (Fibronectin, ZO-1, Occludin), and epithelial cell identity (E-cadherin) in HCC cells. Furthermore, cytokine factors were increased, which were associated with immune cell recruitment/activation (MIF-3α), extracellular matrix regulation (TIMP-2), cancer interaction (IL-8, TGF-ß2), and angiogenesis regulation (VEGF-A). Compared to CSM, the ASM also showed limited drug penetration in doxorubicin, which appears in tissues in vivo. Thus, the proposed ASM better recapitulated the tumor microenvironment and can provide for more instructive data during in vitro drug screening assays of tumor cells and improved prediction of efficacious drugs in HCC patients.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Imageamento Tridimensional , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Modelos Biológicos , Esferoides Celulares/patologia , Antineoplásicos/análise , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Agregação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Citocinas/metabolismo , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Células Epiteliais/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , Matriz Extracelular/efeitos dos fármacos , Matriz Extracelular/metabolismo , Fluorescência , Ensaios de Triagem em Larga Escala , Humanos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Esferoides Celulares/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas de Junções Íntimas/metabolismo
5.
Molecules ; 26(16)2021 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34443328

RESUMO

Cisplatin is widely employed as a first-line chemotherapeutic agent for many solid tumors, including malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM). However, its clinical use is limited by heavy side effects and acquired resistance, the latter being mainly related to enhanced DNA repair. Many clinical trials using combinations of platinum drugs and PARP-1 inhibitors (PARPis) have been carried out, with the hope that such combinations might lead to improved therapeutic efficacy against tumors. Here, the synthesis and efficacy in reducing MPM cell viability of four cisplatin-based Pt(IV) prodrugs containing the PARPi 3-aminobenzamide (3-ABA) fragment are described. The most promising conjugate is more effective than cisplatin or cisplatin/3-ABA combination, administered in equimolar doses, in inhibiting PARP-1 activity and inducing apoptosis in BRCA1/2 wild type MPM cells, grown as monolayer or as multicellular spheroids.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Cisplatino/química , Cisplatino/farmacologia , Mesotelioma Maligno/patologia , Inibidores de Poli(ADP-Ribose) Polimerases/química , Inibidores de Poli(ADP-Ribose) Polimerases/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos
6.
J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem ; 36(1): 1839-1859, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34338119

RESUMO

A series of [1]benzothieno[2,3-c]pyridines was synthesised. Most compounds were chosen by NCI-USA to evaluate their anticancer activity. Compounds 5a-c showed prominent growth inhibition against most cell lines. 5c was selected at five dose concentration levels. It exhibited potent broad-spectrum anticancer activity with a GI50 of 4 nM-37 µM. Cytotoxicity of 5a-c was further evaluated against prostate, renal, and breast cancer cell lines. 5c showed double and quadruple the activity of staurosporine and abiraterone, respectively, against the PC-3 cell line with IC50 2.08 µM. The possible mechanism of anti-prostate cancer was explored via measuring the CYP17 enzyme activity in mice prostate cancer models compared to abiraterone. The results revealed that 5c suppressed the CYP17 enzyme to 15.80 nM. Moreover, it was found to be equipotent to abiraterone in testosterone production. Cell cycle analysis and apoptosis were performed. Additionally, the ADME profile of compound 5c demonstrated both good oral bioavailability and metabolic stability.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Inibidores Enzimáticos/química , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Piridinas/química , Piridinas/farmacologia , Esteroide 17-alfa-Hidroxilase/antagonistas & inibidores , Animais , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/farmacocinética , Disponibilidade Biológica , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Simulação por Computador , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Inibidores Enzimáticos/síntese química , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacocinética , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Piridinas/síntese química , Piridinas/farmacocinética , Análise Espectral/métodos , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
7.
J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem ; 36(1): 1810-1828, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34338135

RESUMO

Novel quinazolinones conjugated with indole acetamide (4a-c), ibuprofen (7a-e), or thioacetohydrazide (13a,b, and 14a-d) were designed to increase COX-2 selectivity. The three synthesised series exhibited superior COX-2 selectivity compared with the previously reported quinazolinones and their NSAID analogue and had equipotent COX-2 selectivity as celecoxib. Compared with celecoxib, 4 b, 7c, and 13 b showed similar anti-inflammatory activity in vivo, while 13 b and 14a showed superior inhibition of the inflammatory mediator nitric oxide, and 7 showed greater antioxidant potential in macrophages cells. Moreover, all selected compounds showed improved analgesic activity and 13 b completely abolished the pain response. Additionally, compound 4a showed anticancer activity in tested cell lines HCT116, HT29, and HCA7. Docking results were consistent with COX-1/2 enzyme assay results. In silico studies suggest their high oral bioavailability. The overall findings for compounds (4a,b, 7c, 13 b, and 14c) support their potential role as anti-inflammatory agents.


Assuntos
Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/química , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/farmacologia , Desenho de Fármacos , Hidrazinas/química , Ibuprofeno/química , Indóis/química , Quinazolinonas/química , Analgésicos/farmacologia , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Disponibilidade Biológica , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/síntese química , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Hidrazinas/síntese química , Hidrazinas/farmacologia , Ibuprofeno/síntese química , Ibuprofeno/farmacologia , Indóis/síntese química , Indóis/farmacologia , Camundongos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Análise Espectral/métodos
8.
J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem ; 36(1): 1884-1897, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34340602

RESUMO

Sorafenib is recommended as the primary therapeutic drug for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma. To discover a new compound that avoids low response rates and toxic side effects that occur in sorafenib therapy, we designed and synthesized new hybrid compounds of sorafenib and 2,4,5-trimethylpyridin-3-ols. Compound 6 was selected as the best of 24 hybrids that inhibit each of the four Raf kinases. The anti-proliferative activity of 6 in HepG2, Hep3B, and Huh7 cell lines was slightly lower than that of sorafenib. However, in H6c7 and CCD841 normal epithelial cell lines, the cytotoxicity of 6 was much lower than that of sorafenib. In addition, similar to sorafenib, compound 6 inhibited spheroid forming ability of Hep3B cells in vitro and tumour growth in a xenograft tumour model of the chick chorioallantoic membrane implanted with Huh7 cells. Compound 6 may be a promising candidate targeting hepatocellular carcinoma with low toxic side effects on normal cells.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Pirimidinas/química , Sorafenibe/química , Animais , Antineoplásicos/química , Linhagem Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Embrião de Galinha , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
9.
J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem ; 36(1): 1760-1782, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34340610

RESUMO

Vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 (VEGFR-2) plays a critical role in cancer angiogenesis. Inhibition of VEGFR-2 activity proved effective suppression of tumour propagation. Accordingly, two series of new 3-methylquinoxaline derivatives have been designed and synthesised as VEGFR-2 inhibitors. The synthesised derivatives were evaluated in vitro for their cytotoxic activities against MCF-7and HepG2 cell lines. In addition, the VEGFR-2 inhibitory activities of the target compounds were estimated to indicate the potential mechanism of their cytotoxicity. To a great extent, the results of VEGFR-2 inhibition were highly correlated with that of cytotoxicity. Compound 27a was the most potent VEGFR-2 inhibitor with IC50 of 3.2 nM very close to positive control sorafenib (IC50 = 3.12 nM). Such compound exhibited a strong cytotoxic effect against MCF-7 and HepG2, respectively with IC50 of 7.7 and 4.5 µM in comparison to sorafenib (IC50 = 3.51 and 2.17 µM). In addition, compounds 28, 30f, 30i, and 31b exhibited excellent VEGFR-2 inhibition activities (IC50 range from 4.2 to 6.1 nM) with promising cytotoxic activity. Cell cycle progression and apoptosis induction were investigated for the most active member 27a. Also, the effect of 27a on the level of caspase-3, caspase-9, and BAX/Bcl-2 ratio was determined. Molecular docking studies were implemented to interpret the binding mode of the target compounds with the VEGFR-2 pocket. Furthermore, toxicity and ADMET calculations were performed for the synthesised compounds to study their pharmacokinetic profiles.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Desenho de Fármacos , Receptor 2 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/antagonistas & inibidores , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/farmacocinética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular
10.
J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem ; 36(1): 1898-1904, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34344239

RESUMO

Geldanamycin (GDM) has been modified by different type neutral/acidic/basic substituents (1-7) and by quinuclidine motif (8), transformed into ammonium salts (9-13) at C(17). These compounds have been characterised by spectroscopic and x-ray methods. Derivative 8 shows better potency than GDM in MCF-7, MDA-MB-231, A549 and HeLa (IC50s = 0.09-1.06 µM). Transformation of 8 into salts 9-13 reduces toxicity (by 11-fold) at attractive potency, e.g. MCF-7 cell line (IC50∼2 µM). Our studies show that higher water solubility contributes to lower toxicity of salts than GDM in healthy CCD39Lu and HDF cells. The use of 13 mixtures with potentiators PEI and DOX enhanced anticancer effects from IC50∼2 µM to IC50∼0.5 µM in SKBR-3, SKOV-3, and PC-3 cancer cells, relative to 13. Docking studies showed that complexes between quinuclidine-bearing 8-13 and Hsp90 are stabilised by extra hydrophobic interactions between the C(17)-arms and K58 or Y61 of Hsp90.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Benzoquinonas/farmacologia , Lactamas Macrocíclicas/farmacologia , Compostos de Amônio Quaternário/química , Antineoplásicos/química , Benzoquinonas/química , Linhagem Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Sinergismo Farmacológico , Humanos , Lactamas Macrocíclicas/química , Estrutura Molecular , Sais/química , Análise Espectral/métodos
11.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(16)2021 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34445133

RESUMO

New chimeric inhibitors targeting the epidermal growth factor (EGFR) and histone deacetylases (HDACs) were synthesized and tested for antineoplastic efficiency in solid cancer (prostate and hepatocellular carcinoma) and leukemia/lymphoma cell models. The most promising compounds, 3BrQuin-SAHA and 3ClQuin-SAHA, showed strong inhibition of tumor cell growth at one-digit micromolar concentrations with IC50 values similar to or lower than those of clinically established reference compounds SAHA and gefitinib. Target-specific EGFR and HDAC inhibition was demonstrated in cell-free kinase assays and Western blot analyses, while unspecific cytotoxic effects could not be observed in LDH release measurements. Proapoptotic formation of reactive oxygen species and caspase-3 activity induction in PCa and HCC cell lines DU145 and Hep-G2 seem to be further aspects of the modes of action. Antiangiogenic potency was recognized after applying the chimeric inhibitors on strongly vascularized chorioallantoic membranes of fertilized chicken eggs (CAM assay). The novel combination of two drug pharmacophores against the EGFR and HDACs in one single molecule was shown to have pronounced antineoplastic effects on tumor growth in both solid and leukemia/lymphoma cell models. The promising results merit further investigations to further decipher the underlying modes of action of the novel chimeric inhibitors and their suitability for new clinical approaches in tumor treatment.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Inibidores de Histona Desacetilases/farmacologia , Histona Desacetilases/metabolismo , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais/métodos , Receptores ErbB/antagonistas & inibidores , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Leucemia/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Linfoma/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma/metabolismo
12.
Chem Biol Interact ; 347: 109619, 2021 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34364837

RESUMO

Owing to the ineffectiveness of the currently used therapies against melanoma, there has been a shift in focus toward alternative therapies involving the use of natural compounds. This study assessed the anticancer effects of oleanolic acid (OA) and its ability to induce apoptosis in A375SM and A375P melanoma cells in vivo. Compared to the control group, viability of A375P and A375SM cells decreased following OA treatment. In OA-treated A375SM and A375P cells, 4',6-diamidino-2-phenylindole staining showed an increase in the apoptotic body, and flow cytometry revealed increased number of apoptotic cells compared to that in the control group. OA-treated A375SM cells exhibited an increased expression of the apoptotic proteins, cleaved poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) and B-cell lymphoma (Bcl)-2-associated X protein (Bax) as well as decreased expression of the antiapoptotic protein Bcl-2 compared to that in the control group. In OA-treated A375P cells, expression patterns of cleaved PARP and Bcl-2 were similar to those in OA-treated A375SM cells; however, no difference was reported in the expression of Bax compared to that in the control group. Additionally, OA-treated melanoma cells showed decreased expression of phospho-nuclear factor-κB (p-NF-κB), phospho-inhibitor of nuclear factor-κBα (p-IκBα), and phospho-IκB kinase αß than that in the control group. Moreover, immunohistochemistry showed a comparatively decreased level of p-NF-κB in the OA-treated group than that in the control group. Xenograft analysis confirmed the in vivo anticancer effects of OA against A375SM cells. Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) assay revealed an increased number of TUNEL-positive cells in the OA-treated group compared to that in the control group. In conclusion, the study results suggest that OA induces apoptosis of A375SM and A375P cells in vitro and apoptosis of A375SM cells in vivo. Furthermore, the in vitro and in vivo anticancer effects were mediated by the NF-κB pathway.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Ácido Oleanólico/uso terapêutico , Animais , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/toxicidade , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Feminino , Humanos , Rim/citologia , Rim/efeitos dos fármacos , Rim/metabolismo , Fígado/citologia , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/metabolismo , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Subunidade p50 de NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Neoplasias/metabolismo , Ácido Oleanólico/farmacologia , Ácido Oleanólico/toxicidade , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
13.
FASEB J ; 35(9): e21834, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34403553

RESUMO

Two distinct genetic mutational pathways characterized by either chromosomal instability or high-frequency microsatellite instability (MSI-H) are recognized in the pathogenesis of colorectal cancer (CRC). Recently, it has been shown that patients with primary CRC that displays MSI-H have a significant, stage-independent, multivariate survival advantage. Biological properties of CMS1 (MSI-H type) can affect therapeutic efficiencies of agents used in the treatment of CRC, and therefore become a new predictive factor of the treatment. But, the predictive impact of MSI-H status for adjuvant chemotherapy remains controversial. This study will assess whether there is any unnecessary or inappropriate use of treatment agents recommended for adjuvant therapy of stage 2 and 3 of disease and for palliative or curative treatment of liver metastatic disease in microsatellite instability high group, a molecular subtype of colon cancer. Within this scope, the efficiencies of fluorouracil- and oxaliplatin-based chemotherapeutic agents will be shown on stage 3 microsatellite instability high colon tumor cell lines first, and then a microfluidic model will be created, imitating the metastasis of colon cancer to the liver. In the microfluidic chip model, we will create in liver tissue, where the metastasis of microsatellite instability high colon cancer will be simulated; the effectiveness of chemotherapeutic agents, immunotherapy agents, and targeted agents on tumor cells as well as drug response will be assessed according to cell viability through released biomarkers from the cells. The proposed hypothesis study includes the modeling and treatment of patient-derived post-metastatic liver cancer in microfluidics which has priority at the global and our region and consequently develop personal medication.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias do Colo/genética , Dispositivos Lab-On-A-Chip , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Instabilidade de Microssatélites , Metástase Neoplásica/tratamento farmacológico , Metástase Neoplásica/genética , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Neoplasias do Colo/patologia , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Fluoruracila/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/imunologia , Fígado/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/secundário , Modelos Biológicos , Metástase Neoplásica/patologia , Especificidade de Órgãos , Oxaliplatina/uso terapêutico
14.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(15)2021 Jul 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34360748

RESUMO

Research on the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae has yielded fundamental discoveries on highly conserved biological pathways and yeast remains the best-studied eukaryotic cell in the world. Studies on the mitotic cell cycle and the discovery of cell cycle checkpoints in budding yeast has led to a detailed, although incomplete, understanding of eukaryotic cell cycle progression. In multicellular eukaryotic organisms, uncontrolled aberrant cell division is the defining feature of cancer. Some of the most successful classes of anti-cancer chemotherapeutic agents are mitotic poisons. Mitotic poisons are thought to function by inducing a mitotic spindle checkpoint-dependent cell cycle arrest, via the assembly of the highly conserved mitotic checkpoint complex (MCC), leading to apoptosis. Even in the presence of mitotic poisons, some cancer cells continue cell division via 'mitotic slippage', which may correlate with a cancer becoming refractory to mitotic poison chemotherapeutic treatments. In this review, knowledge about budding yeast cell cycle control is explored to suggest novel potential drug targets, namely, specific regions in the highly conserved anaphase-promoting complex/cyclosome (APC/C) subunits Apc1 and/or Apc5, and in a specific N-terminal region in the APC/C co-factor cell division cycle 20 (Cdc20), which may yield molecules which block 'mitotic slippage' only in the presence of mitotic poisons.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Apoptose , Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular , Mitose , Neoplasias , Saccharomyces cerevisiae , Animais , Antineoplásicos/química , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Apoptose/genética , Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular/genética , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Mitose/efeitos dos fármacos , Mitose/genética , Neoplasias/genética , Neoplasias/metabolismo , Venenos/química , Venenos/farmacologia , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/genética , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolismo
15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(31): e26820, 2021 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34397843

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Real-world clinical cases of molecularly targeted agent (MTA) administration to patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with ≥50% liver occupation have been reported, but treatment outcomes have rarely been described. We have encountered several cases in which albumin-bilirubin (ALBI) scores deteriorated markedly and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels elevated in the early post-dose period. The present study therefore investigated early clinical changes in ALBI score and CRP levels after initiating MTA in advanced HCC patients with ≥50% liver occupation, focusing on antitumor response at 6 weeks.This retrospective study included 46 HCC patients with liver occupation ≥50% and 191 patients with <50%, Child-Pugh score ≤7, and Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group Performance Status scores of 0 or 1, who were treated with sorafenib or lenvatinib as first-line systemic therapy at our hospital between June 2011 and January 2020. We analyzed their medical records up to March 2020 and investigated the outcomes and changes in CRP and ALBI scores classified according to antitumor response at 6 weeks.Overall survival was significantly longer in patients with partial response (PR) + stable disease (SD) (13.7 months) than in patients with progressive disease (PD) (1.7 months, P < .001) in the ≥50% group. Patients with antitumor response of PR + SD at 6 weeks in the ≥50% group showed more marked deterioration of ALBI score at 2 weeks than those in the <50% group. These significant differences between groups had again disappeared at 4 and 6 weeks. Focusing on patients with PD at 6 weeks, ALBI score deteriorated over time in both groups. Regarding CRP, on 6-week PR + SD patients, a significant increase in CRP levels at 1 and 2 weeks was evident in the >50% group compared to the <50% group. These significant differences between groups had again disappeared at 4 and 6 weeks. In PD patients, no difference between groups in CRP elevation occurred at 1 and 2 weeks.In MTA treatment for patients with ≥50% liver occupation, to obtain an antitumor response of PR + SD, adequate management might be important considering transient deteriorated ALBI scores and elevated CRP levels.


Assuntos
Bilirrubina/análise , Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Compostos de Fenilureia , Quinolinas , Albumina Sérica/análise , Sorafenibe , Idoso , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Biomarcadores Farmacológicos/análise , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/sangue , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Correlação de Dados , Monitoramento de Medicamentos/métodos , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Fígado/diagnóstico por imagem , Fígado/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/sangue , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Masculino , Terapia de Alvo Molecular/métodos , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Compostos de Fenilureia/administração & dosagem , Compostos de Fenilureia/efeitos adversos , Quinolinas/administração & dosagem , Quinolinas/efeitos adversos , Sorafenibe/administração & dosagem , Sorafenibe/efeitos adversos
16.
Molecules ; 26(13)2021 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34209011

RESUMO

In the current study, a simple in silico approach using free software was used with the experimental studies to optimize the antiproliferative activity and predict the potential mechanism of action of pyrrolizine-based Schiff bases. A compound library of 288 Schiff bases was designed based on compound 10, and a pharmacophore search was performed. Structural analysis of the top scoring hits and a docking study were used to select the best derivatives for the synthesis. Chemical synthesis and structural elucidation of compounds 16a-h were discussed. The antiproliferative activity of 16a-h was evaluated against three cancer (MCF7, A2780 and HT29, IC50 = 0.01-40.50 µM) and one normal MRC5 (IC50 = 1.27-24.06 µM) cell lines using the MTT assay. The results revealed the highest antiproliferative activity against MCF7 cells for 16g (IC50 = 0.01 µM) with an exceptionally high selectivity index of (SI = 578). Cell cycle analysis of MCF7 cells treated with compound 16g revealed a cell cycle arrest at the G2/M phase. In addition, compound 16g induced a dose-dependent increase in apoptotic events in MCF7 cells compared to the control. In silico target prediction of compound 16g showed six potential targets that could mediate these activities. Molecular docking analysis of compound 16g revealed high binding affinities toward COX-2, MAP P38α, EGFR, and CDK2. The results of the MD simulation revealed low RMSD values and high negative binding free energies for the two complexes formed between compound 16g with EGFR, and CDK2, while COX-2 was in the third order. These results highlighted a great potentiality for 16g to inhibit both CDK2 and EGFR. Taken together, the results mentioned above highlighted compound 16g as a potential anticancer agent.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Modelos Biológicos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Pirróis , Software , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Células HT29 , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Pirróis/química , Pirróis/farmacologia , Bases de Schiff/química , Bases de Schiff/farmacologia
17.
J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem ; 36(1): 1454-1471, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34210212

RESUMO

A new set of 4,6,7,8-tetrahydroquinolin-5(1H)-ones were designed as cytotoxic agents against breast cancer cell line (MCF-7) and synthesised under ultrasonic irradiation using chitosan decorated copper nanoparticles (CS/CuNPs) catalyst. The new compounds 4b, 4j, 4k, and 4e exhibited the most potent cytotoxic activity of IC50 values (0.002 - 0.004 µM) comparing to Staurosporine of IC50; 0.005 µM. The latter derivatives exhibited a promising safety profile against the normal human WI38 cells of IC50 range 0.0149 - 0.048 µM. Furthermore, the most promising cytotoxic compounds 4b, 4j were evaluated as multi-targeting agents against the RTK protein kinases; EGFR, HER-2, PDGFR-ß, and VEGFR-2. Compound 4j showed promising inhibitory activity against HER-2 and PDGFR-ß of IC50 values 0.17 × 10-3, 0.07 × 10-3 µM in comparison with the reference drug sorafenib of IC50; 0.28 × 10-3, 0.13 × 10-3 µM, respectively. In addition, 4j induced apoptotic effect and cell cycle arrest at G2/M phase preventing the mitotic cycle in MCF-7 cells.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/prevenção & controle , Química Verde , Quinolonas/química , Quinolonas/farmacologia , Receptores Proteína Tirosina Quinases/efeitos dos fármacos , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Neoplasias da Mama/enzimologia , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Linhagem Celular , Desenho de Fármacos , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Feminino , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Quinolonas/síntese química , Análise Espectral/métodos
18.
J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem ; 36(1): 1488-1499, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34227457

RESUMO

New cyanobenzofurans derivatives 2-12 were synthesised, and their antiproliferative activity was examined compared to doxorubicin and Afatinib (IC50 = 4.17-8.87 and 5.5-11.2 µM, respectively). Compounds 2 and 8 exhibited broad-spectrum activity against HePG2 (IC50 = 16.08-23.67 µM), HCT-116 (IC50 = 8.81-13.85 µM), and MCF-7 (IC50 = 8.36-17.28 µM) cell lines. Compounds 2, 3, 8, 10, and 11 were tested as EGFR-TK inhibitors to demonstrate their possible anti-tumour mechanism compared to gefitinib (IC50 = 0.90 µM). Compounds 2, 3, 10, and 11 displayed significant EGFR TK inhibitory activity with IC50 of 0.81-1.12 µM. Compounds 3 and 11 induced apoptosis at the Pre-G phase and cell cycle arrest at the G2/M phase. They also increased the level of caspase-3 by 5.7- and 7.3-fold, respectively. The molecular docking analysis of compounds 2, 3, 10, and 11 indicated that they could bind to the active site of EGFR TK.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Benzofuranos/farmacologia , Desenho de Fármacos , Nitrilas/farmacologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Benzofuranos/síntese química , Benzofuranos/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Receptores ErbB/antagonistas & inibidores , Receptores ErbB/metabolismo , Humanos , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Nitrilas/síntese química , Nitrilas/química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/síntese química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
19.
J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem ; 36(1): 1436-1453, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34229558

RESUMO

This study describes the synthesis and vacuole-inducing activity of 5-((4-(pyridin-3-yl)pyrimidin-2-yl)amino)-1H-indole-2-carbohydrazide derivatives, including five potent derivatives 12c, 12 g, 12i, 12n, and 12A that exhibit excellent vacuole-inducing activity. Remarkably, 12A effectively induces methuosis in tested cancer cells but not human normal cells. In addition, 12A exhibits high pan-cytotoxicity against different cancer cell lines but is hardly toxic to normal cells. It is found that the 12A-induced vacuoles are derived from macropinosomes but not autophagosomes. The 12A-induced cytoplasmic vacuoles may originate from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and be accompanied by ER stress. The MAPK/JNK signalling pathway is involved in the 12A-induced methuotic cell death. Moreover, 12A exhibits significant inhibition of tumour growth in the MDA-MB-231 xenograft mouse model. The excellent potency and selectivity of 12A prompt us to select it as a good lead compound for further development of methuosis inducers and investigation of the molecular and cellular mechanisms underlying methuosis.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Desenho de Fármacos , Hidrazinas/farmacologia , Animais , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Retículo Endoplasmático/efeitos dos fármacos , Retículo Endoplasmático/metabolismo , Humanos , Hidrazinas/síntese química , Hidrazinas/química , Neoplasias Mamárias Experimentais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Mamárias Experimentais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Mamárias Experimentais/patologia , Camundongos , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
20.
J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem ; 36(1): 1541-1552, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34238111

RESUMO

Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most common and malignant primary brain tumour in the central nervous system (CNS). As the ideal targets for GBM treatment, Src family kinases (SFKs) have attracted much attention. Herein, a new series of imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-2-one derivatives were designed and synthesised as SFK inhibitors. Compounds 1d, 1e, 1q, 1s exhibited potential Src and Fyn kinase inhibition in the submicromolar range, of which were next tested for their antiproliferative potency on four GBM cell lines. Compound 1s showed effective activity against U87, U251, T98G, and U87-EGFRvIII GBM cell lines, comparable to that of lead compound PP2. Molecular dynamics (MDs) simulation revealed the possible binding patterns of the most active compound 1s in ATP binding site of SFKs. ADME prediction suggested that 1s accord with the criteria of CNS drugs. These results led us to identify a novel SFK inhibitor as candidate for GBM treatment.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Neoplasias Encefálicas/tratamento farmacológico , Glioblastoma/tratamento farmacológico , Imidazóis/farmacologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Quinolonas/farmacologia , Quinases da Família src/antagonistas & inibidores , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Neoplasias Encefálicas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Encefálicas/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Glioblastoma/metabolismo , Glioblastoma/patologia , Humanos , Imidazóis/síntese química , Imidazóis/química , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/síntese química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Quinolonas/síntese química , Quinolonas/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Quinases da Família src/metabolismo
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