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1.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 33(4): 401-405, 2021 Aug 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34505448

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence and changing trend of Enterobius vermicularis infections among children in Shandong Province, so as to provide the scientific evidence for the adjustment and development of the enterobiasis control strategy. METHODS: Soil-borne nematodiasis surveillance sites were assigned in 51 counties (districts, cities) in Shandong Province from 2016 to 2020, and the E. vermicularis infections were detected using a modified Kato-Katz technique and the cellophane tape method among children at ages of 3 to 9 years living in these surveillance sites. The epidemiological profiles of E. vermicularis-infected children were descriptively analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 5 060 children at ages of 3 to 9 years were detected in 51 soil-borne nematodiasis surveillance sites in Shandong Province from 2016 to 2020, and the overall prevalence of E. vermicularis infections was 2.23%. The annual prevalence of E. vermicularis infections was 3.99% (26/651), 1.70% (14/824), 0.96% (8/837), 2.90% (45/1 552) and 1.67% (20/1 196) from 2016 to 2020, respectively, with a significant difference detected among years (χ2 = 21.455, P < 0.01). The prevalence of E. vermicularis infections was 1.25% (15/1 198), 1.85% (14/755), 3.18% (84/2 640) and 0 (0/467) among children from central, eastern, southern and northern Shandong Province (χ2 = 27.326, P < 0.01). In addition, there was no significant difference in the prevalence of E. vermicularis infections between male (1.98%, 56/2 831) and female children (2.56%, 57/2 229) (χ2 = 1.916, P > 0.05); however, there was age-specific prevalence of E. vermicularis infections among children (χ2 = 16.448, P < 0.05), with the greatest prevalence detected among children at ages of 6 years (3.18%, 25/786), and the lowest prevalence seen among children at ages of 3 years (0.75%, 6/800). CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of E. vermicularis infections remained at a medium level among children at ages of 3 to 9 years in Shandong Province from 2016 to 2020, with region-specific prevalence found across the province. An integrated strategy is required for enterobiasis control.


Assuntos
Enterobíase , Infecções por Nematoides , Animais , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Cidades , Enterobíase/epidemiologia , Enterobius , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , Solo
2.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 33(4): 406-410, 2021 Aug 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34505449

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence and influencing factors of Enterobius vermicularis infections among children in Fanxian County, Henan Province in 2019, so as to provide insights into the management of enterobiasis. METHODS: Five kindergartens were selected in urban and rural areas of Fanxian County, Henan Province using the stratified sampling method in 2019, and a census of E. vermicularis infections was performed among all children in the kindergartens. E. vermicularis eggs were detected using adhesive and scotch cellophane-tape anal swab methods, and the basic characteristics of children and their families, health habits and the kindergartens' information were investigated with questionnaires. Logistic regression analysis was used to investigate the risk factors and protective factors of pinworm infection in children. RESULTS: A total of 671 children were tested, and the mean prevalence of E. vermicularis infections was 15.50% (104/671). The prevalence of E. vermicularis infections was higher among children in rural kindergartens (28.13%, 72/256) than in urban kindergartens (7.71%, 32/415) (χ2 = 50.380, P < 0.01), and greater in private kindergartens (32.26%, 60/186) than in public kindergartens (9.07%, 44/485) (χ2 = 55.183, P < 0.01). There was no gender-specific prevalence of E. vermicularis infections among children (χ2 = 1.442, P > 0.05), and the prevalence of E. vermicularis infections presented a tendency towards a rise with age (χ2trend = 8.373, P < 0.05) and school grade (χ2trend = 30.274, P < 0.05). Logistic regression analysis identified rural kindergartens and high grades as risk factors, and separate washing of children's and adults' cloths, frequent bathing and frequent dinnerware disinfection in kindergartens as protective factors for E. vermicularis infections among children. In addition, there was no significant difference in the detection of E. vermicularis infections among children by using adhesive (73.08%, 76/104) and scotch cellophane-tape anal swab methods (56.73%, 59/104) (χ2 = 3.959, P > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of E. vermicularis infection is high among children in Fanxian Country, Henan Province. Health education and surveillance of enterobiasis are required to be intensified among children in rural kindergartens and senior grades and their parents and teachers.


Assuntos
Enterobíase , Animais , Criança , Enterobíase/epidemiologia , Enterobius , Humanos , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , População Rural
3.
Turkiye Parazitol Derg ; 45(3): 195-200, 2021 08 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34346875

RESUMO

Objective: Dientamoeba fragilis (D. fragilis) is a flagellated protozoan with an amoeba-like morphology, located in the gastrointestinal tract. The hypothesis was that the parasite was transported by Enterobius vermicularis (E. vermicularis) eggs. This study aimed to determine the association of D. fragilis and E. vermicularis with the genotypes of the identified strain of D. fragilis. Results of trichrome staining were compared with those of polymerase chain reaction (PCR), which is widely used in the diagnosis of D. fragilis. Methods: A total of 391 samples were obtained. The stool and cellophane slide samples were sent together to the Parasitology Department Laboratory, Faculty of Medicine, Aydin Adnan Menderes University, between 1 October 2017 and 1 October 2018. Stool samples of all patients with E. vermicularis (n=74) and without E. vermicularis (n=74) infection were used. All samples were examined for the presence of D. fragilis by trichrome staining and PCR. The 18S ribosomal RNA region of D. fragilis isolates was sequenced. Demographic characteristics and clinical findings of the patients were evaluated. Results: D. fragilis was detected in 42 (28.37%) of 148 samples; 28 (66.6%) of them were detected in patients with E. vermicularis infection. The coexistence of two parasites was significant (p<0.05). All isolates sequenced were genotype 1. No significant relationship was found between the presence of parasites and clinical findings, living area and gender (p>0.05). Conclusion: D. fragilis is frequently associated with E. vermicularis, so the presence of D. fragilis should be also considered in affected patients. The use of high-sensitivity molecular methods such as PCR is important in preventing false results. Amaç: Dientamoeba fragilis (D. fragilis), amip benzeri morfolojiye sahip, gastrointestinal yerlesimli, kamçili bir protozoondur. Parazitin Enterobius vermicularis (E. vermicularis) yumurtalariyla tasindigi hipotezi kabul görmektedir. Çalismamizda D. fragilis ve E. vermicularis birlikteligini incelemek, bulunan D. fragilis'lerin genotiplerini belirlemek ve D. fragilis tanisinda yaygin olarak kullanilan trikrom boyama ile polimeraz zincir reaksiyon (PZR) yöntemlerini karsilastirmak amaçlanmistir. Yöntemler: Çalismamizda Aydin Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Tip Fakültesi, Parazitoloji Laboratuvari'na 1 Ekim 2017-1 Ekim 2018 tarihleri arasinda diski ve selofan lam örnegi birlikte gönderilmis toplam 391 olgu örnegi incelenmistir. Selofanli lam örneklerinde E. vermicularis saptanan tüm gönüllü olgularin (74 olgu) diski örnegi ile E. vermicularis negatif 74 olgunun diski örnegi çalisilmistir. Tüm diskilar trikrom boyama ve PZR yöntemleri ile D. fragilis varligi açisindan incelenmistir. Saptanan D. fragilis izolatlarinin 18S ribozomal RNA bölgesi sekanslanmistir. Olgularin demografik özellikleri ve klinigi degerlendirilmistir. Bulgular: Toplam 148 olgunun 42'sinde (%28,37) D. fragilis saptanmistir. D. fragilis pozitif olan 42 olgunun %66,6'sini E. vermicularis pozitif olgular olusturmus ve iki parazitin birlikteligi anlamli bulunmustur (p<0,05). Sekanslanan tüm izolatlar genotip 1 olarak saptanmistir. Klinik bulgular, yasanilan bölge ve cinsiyet ile parazit varligi arasinda anlamli bir iliski saptanamamistir (p>0,05). Sonuç: Arastirmamizda D. fragilis'in siklikla E. vermicularis ile birliktelik gösterdigi ve bu olgularda D. fragilis varligina ayrica dikkat edilmesi gerektigi vurgulanmistir. Yanlis sonuçlari engellemede, yüksek duyarliliga sahip PZR gibi yöntemlerin önemi bir kez daha görülmüstür.


Assuntos
Dientamebíase , Enterobíase , Animais , Dientamoeba/genética , Dientamebíase/diagnóstico , Dientamebíase/epidemiologia , Enterobíase/diagnóstico , Enterobíase/epidemiologia , Enterobius , Fezes , Humanos , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase
4.
Turkiye Parazitol Derg ; 45(3): 220-222, 2021 08 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34346880

RESUMO

Acute appendicitis is the most common intra-abdominal pathology that requires emergency surgery in general surgery clinics. The aetiology of acute appendicitis includes both infectious and non-infectious causes. Although parasitic diseases are rare in developed countries, they are more common in developing countries. The association between acute appendicitis and parasitic infections is unclear, and whether parasites are the cause of acute appendicitis is still under debate. In addition, many appendix parasites are encountered after appendectomy. In this study, we report a rare case of acute appendicitis caused by Enterobius vermicularis.


Assuntos
Apendicite , Apêndice , Enterobíase , Doença Aguda , Animais , Apendicectomia , Apendicite/diagnóstico , Apendicite/cirurgia , Apêndice/cirurgia , Enterobíase/complicações , Enterobíase/diagnóstico , Enterobius , Humanos
5.
BMJ Case Rep ; 14(7)2021 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34244195

RESUMO

Enterobius vermicularis, also known as pinworm, is a helminth that commonly causes intestinal parasitic infestation. E. vermicularis can also cause extraintestinal infestations. We report a case of lower abdominal pain and intermittent vaginal bleeding in a 45-year-old woman who was referred to our gynaecology department. On investigation, a transvaginal ultrasound showed a multilocular cyst in the left ovary, along with elevated levels of cancer antigen 125. Consequently, a laparoscopic salpingo-oophorectomy was performed. A biopsy of atypical peritoneal lesions revealed remains of E. vermicularis Peritoneal lesions are a rare complication of enterobiasis, and the diagnosis of this complication is usually delayed by limitations in diagnostic options. Although extraintestinal enterobiasis does not require treatment because it is the last stage of the parasitic cycle, primary intestinal infestation requires treatment with mebendazole.


Assuntos
Enterobíase , Enteropatias Parasitárias , Neoplasias Ovarianas , Doenças Peritoneais , Animais , Enterobíase/diagnóstico , Enterobíase/tratamento farmacológico , Enterobius , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
6.
Molecules ; 26(10)2021 May 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34069787

RESUMO

We evaluated photosystem II (PSII) functionality in potato plants (Solanum tuberosum L.) before and after a 15 min feeding by the leaf miner Tuta absoluta using chlorophyll a fluorescence imaging analysis combined with reactive oxygen species (ROS) detection. Fifteen minutes after feeding, we observed at the feeding zone and at the whole leaf a decrease in the effective quantum yield of photosystem II (PSII) photochemistry (ΦPSII). While at the feeding zone the quantum yield of regulated non-photochemical energy loss in PSII (ΦNPQ) did not change, at the whole leaf level there was a significant increase. As a result, at the feeding zone a significant increase in the quantum yield of non-regulated energy loss in PSII (ΦNO) occurred, but there was no change at the whole leaf level compared to that before feeding, indicating no change in singlet oxygen (1O2) formation. The decreased ΦPSII after feeding was due to a decreased fraction of open reaction centers (qp), since the efficiency of open PSII reaction centers to utilize the light energy (Fv'/Fm') did not differ before and after feeding. The decreased fraction of open reaction centers resulted in increased excess excitation energy (EXC) at the feeding zone and at the whole leaf level, while hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) production was detected only at the feeding zone. Although the whole leaf PSII efficiency decreased compared to that before feeding, the maximum efficiency of PSII photochemistry (Fv/Fm), and the efficiency of the water-splitting complex on the donor side of PSII (Fv/Fo), did not differ to that before feeding, thus they cannot be considered as sensitive parameters to monitor biotic stress effects. Chlorophyll fluorescence imaging analysis proved to be a good indicator to monitor even short-term impacts of insect herbivory on photosynthetic function, and among the studied parameters, the reduction status of the plastoquinone pool (qp) was the most sensitive and suitable indicator to probe photosynthetic function under biotic stress.


Assuntos
Enterobius/fisiologia , Luz , Complexo de Proteína do Fotossistema II/metabolismo , Folhas de Planta/parasitologia , Folhas de Planta/efeitos da radiação , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Solanum tuberosum/parasitologia , Solanum tuberosum/efeitos da radiação , Animais , Transporte de Elétrons , Comportamento Alimentar , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/metabolismo , Teoria Quântica
7.
Turkiye Parazitol Derg ; 45(2): 113-116, 2021 06 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34103287

RESUMO

Objective: This study aimed to determine the frequency of Enterobius vermicularis in appendectomy specimens and evaluate the histopathological characteristics of adult and pediatric cases with E. vermicularis infection. Methods: Appendectomies examined from 1 January 2010, to 1 December 2020, were analysed retrospectively. Cases were divided into two groups: under 18 years (children) and 18 and over (adults). Demographic and histopathological characteristics of patients were also examined. Results: Out of 14.797 patients that underwent appendectomy, 6.130 were children and 8.667 were adults. E. vermicularis was detected in 268 patients, wherein 64.2% were children and 35.8% were adults. In the detection of E. vermicularis in appendectomy specimens, the frequency was higher in children compared to that in adults (2.85%, 1.1%, respectively) (p<0.001). Histopathologically, acute appendicitis was defined in 31.7% (n=85) of 268 cases, and E. vermicularis was found to cause a higher rate of acute appendicitis in adults (p<0.001). Conclusion: The frequency of E. vermicularis in appendectomy specimens is higher in children. However, E. vermicularis causes acute appendicitis more frequently in adults.


Assuntos
Apendicite/parasitologia , Enterobíase/parasitologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Animais , Apendicectomia/estatística & dados numéricos , Apendicite/cirurgia , Apêndice/parasitologia , Apêndice/cirurgia , Criança , Enterobíase/cirurgia , Enterobius/isolamento & purificação , Feminino , Humanos , Enteropatias Parasitárias/parasitologia , Enteropatias Parasitárias/cirurgia , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos
9.
Braz J Biol ; 82: e238769, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34037078

RESUMO

Illnesses caused by human pinworm remains a pediatric health problem in developing nations including Pakistan. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of Enterobius vermicularis in school children of four districts in Malakand region, Pakistan. Four hundred faecal specimens were screened from May 2014 to July 2017 using normal saline and Lugol Iodine solution. Twenty three (5.75%) individuals were found infected with E. vermicularis. Five children (1.25%) were infected with only E. vermicularis and eighteen (4.5%) were mixed with other helminths. E. vermicularis 23 (5.75%), hookworm 11 (2.75%), Ascaris lumbricoides 5 (1.25%), Taenia saginata 2 (0.5%) and Trichuris trichuira 4 (1%) were detected. Age wise 5-8 years were more parasitized followed by 13-15 and 9-12 years of age (0.0296, P<0.05). Male children were highly (0.06700, P<0.05) infected than female. Children in Malakand district were found more infected followed by Dir Upper, similar infection rate was noted in children of districts Lower Dir and Swat (0.0192, P<0.05). Children in primary level were highly (0.0013, P<0.05) infected than those of middle and high levels. Enterobiosis is still the most common parasitic diseases in children. Studies on enterobiosis should be conducted time by time to recognize the hazardous of such parasitic infection in remote areas of the country.


Assuntos
Enterobíase , Helmintos , Animais , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Enterobíase/epidemiologia , Enterobius , Fezes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Paquistão/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Instituições Acadêmicas
11.
Pest Manag Sci ; 77(1): 184-193, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32652749

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: For many insects, including invasive species, overwintering survival is achieved behaviourally (e.g. through migration) or physiologically by entering diapause, a state of arrested physiological development that may be accompanied with depressed supercooling points (SCPs). Diapause allows in situ adaptation to adverse environmental conditions, providing sufficient parent propagules for insect pest proliferation when optimal conditions resurface. This phenomenon has however not been observed in the invasive South American tomato pinworm Tuta absoluta in its Mediterranean invaded areas. Moreover, no studies have looked at its overwintering survival in sub-Saharan Africa. Here, we thus investigated the cold hardiness of Tuta absoluta larvae and adults to better explain its local overwintering adaptation strategy. RESULTS: Larval lower lethal temperatures ranged from -1 to -17 °C for 0.5 to 4 h durations. Adults showed lower temperature activity limits than larvae albeit freeze strategy experiments showed neither survived internal freezing. Fasting and dehydration pre-treatment generally depressed SCPs, although asymmetrically, conferring more negative SCPs for larvae. Ramping rates, synonymic to diurnal temperature changes also significantly affected SCPs while, inoculative freezing significantly compromised freezing temperatures in both larvae and adults. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that (i) Tuta absoluta larvae and adults are chill-susceptible and may successfully overwinter, (ii) larvae appear more cold hardy than adults and (iii) ecological factors e.g. inoculative freezing, cooling rates, feeding- and hydration-status may affect cold hardiness. These results are important in determining species range limits, population phenology, modelling pest risk status and allows temporal life-stage specific targeting of management strategies.


Assuntos
Lepidópteros , Lycopersicon esculentum , Mariposas , África ao Sul do Saara , Animais , Temperatura Baixa , Enterobius , Larva
13.
Zoonoses Public Health ; 67(8): 882-891, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33145979

RESUMO

To determine the effects of care and monitoring provided at home to children in whom Enterobius vermicularis is detected and their mothers on the presence of observing the parasite and the knowledge and practices of the children and their mothers on the issue. This study used a pre-test-post-test quasi-experimental design. In the study, 20 students and their mothers were determined as the experimental group, while 18 students and their mothers were determined as the control group. Home visits were made to the families of the children in the experimental group for 6 months. At these home visits, health education on the parasite was provided to the mothers and the children. There were highly significant differences between the experiment and control groups in terms of E. vermicularis presence, knowledge and hygiene practice scores (p < .001).


Assuntos
Enterobíase/prevenção & controle , Enterobius , Adulto , Animais , Criança , Enterobíase/epidemiologia , Feminino , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Higiene , Pobreza , Inquéritos e Questionários , Turquia/epidemiologia
14.
Biosci Rep ; 40(12)2020 12 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33200165

RESUMO

Aspiculuris tetraptera a pinworm of mice, is an important parasite in institutions with mice colonies for both research and teaching purposes. Infection with this parasite has impact on biomedical research. This is likely due to the availability of the parasite's eggs in the environment, therefore can easily be transmitted and infection is generally asymptomatic. No information regarding the prevalence, morphology or phylogeny is available on A. tetraptera from Saudi Arabia. A group of 50 laboratory mice were investigated for the presence of A. tetraptera. Worms were described morphologically and molecular characterization was attempted using 18S rRNA and Cytochrome Oxidase Subunit I genes. The prevalence of A. tetraptera infestation in the laboratory mice examined was found to be 46%. Morphological description indicated that the worms belong to A. tetraptera and this was confirmed by molecular characterization. Both regions studied have shown that the worm under investigation grouped with A. tetraptera. 18S rDNA sequences obtained in the present study showed high identity with sequences from A. tetraptera while Cytochrome c Oxidase subunit I gene (COI) sequences showed intraspecific variation resulted into two haplotypes from the isolates in the present study. A. tetraptera was recorded for the first time from Saudi Arabia. Molecular characterization has shown, based on the COI sequences, that the Saudi isolates of A. tetraptera are distinct.


Assuntos
Complexo IV da Cadeia de Transporte de Elétrons/genética , Enterobíase/parasitologia , Enterobius/genética , Proteínas de Helminto/genética , Helmintíase Animal/parasitologia , RNA de Helmintos/genética , RNA Ribossômico 18S/genética , Animais , Enterobius/isolamento & purificação , Camundongos , Filogenia , Arábia Saudita
15.
Turkiye Parazitol Derg ; 44(3): 139-142, 2020 09 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32928720

RESUMO

Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine the intestinal parasite distributions in patients who applied to the Parasitology Laboratory of Istanbul University-Cerrahpasa, Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty, by evaluating the parasites retrospectively. Methods: Normal saline and stool lugol were applied for direct examination of stool samples that were sent for parasite examination; cellophane band samples were evaluated microscopically. The samples suspected to have protozoa were evaluated using modified acid fast and trichrome staining methods. We evaluated the parasitological examination results of patients who applied to our laboratory between January 2012 and December 2018. Results: A total of 2.96% of the 20,948 patients who applied had parasites in their faeces. Blastocystis spp. was detected at the highest rate (63.23%), followed by Giardia intestinalis (17.26%), Enterobius vermicularis (12.58%), Taenia saginata (2.42%), Cryptosporidium spp. (1.94%) and Entamoeba histolytica/dispar (1.45%). Conclusion: Although the prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections has decreased when compared to previous years, it still remains important. For this reason, solving infrastructure problems, providing information on personal hygiene and sanitation rules are among the most important tasks needed to reduce the prevalence of intestinal parasites.


Assuntos
Cryptosporidium/isolamento & purificação , Enterobius/isolamento & purificação , Giardia lamblia/isolamento & purificação , Enteropatias Parasitárias/epidemiologia , Adulto , Animais , Criptosporidiose/epidemiologia , Criptosporidiose/etiologia , Criptosporidiose/parasitologia , Enterobíase/epidemiologia , Enterobíase/etiologia , Enterobíase/parasitologia , Fezes/parasitologia , Feminino , Giardíase/epidemiologia , Giardíase/etiologia , Giardíase/parasitologia , Hospitais Universitários , Humanos , Enteropatias Parasitárias/etiologia , Enteropatias Parasitárias/parasitologia , Laboratórios , Masculino , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Turquia/epidemiologia
17.
Salud(i)ciencia (Impresa) ; 24(3): 124-130, sept. 2020. tab.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1146404

RESUMO

Introduction: The decreasing prevalence of parasitosis from north to south in Argentina has led the scientific community to focus the epidemiological studies on the most vulnerable areas and, consequently, neglect the populations of Patagonia (South Argentina). The objectives of the present study were (i) to determine the prevalence of intestinal parasites in children and youth of Puerto Madryn (Chubut province, Patagonia), and (ii) to evaluate the parasitic infections found concerning socio-environmental factors and hygiene practices of the population. Materials and methods: Serial stool samples were processed using modified Ritchie and FLOTAC dual pellet techniques, and samples of anal swabs were examined by sedimentation. Socio-environmental variables and hygiene practices of the participants were surveyed using a semi-structured questionnaire. Results: Of all examined participants, 39.1% (68/174) were parasitized. A total of 6 parasite species were found and the most prevalent were Blastocystis sp (19.0%), Enterobius vermicularis (17.8%), and Giardia lamblia (6.3%). The risk of parasitosis and infection for Blastocystis sp was greater in participants who lived in houses without piped water (OR = 2.9 and OR = 3.2, respectively). The risk of infection for G. lamblia was positively associated with the lack of public waste collection service (OR = 5.6). Infection for E. vermicularis was higher in participants whose parents had a basic level of education (OR = 5.0). Conclusion: The parasitic infections observed reflect the environmental conditions of Patagonia and the need to focus studies on populations from peripheral areas to urban centers that are exposed to greater socio-economic vulnerability.


Introducción: La prevalencia de parasitosis decreciente de norte a sur en la Argentina, ha llevado a la comunidad científica a enfocar sus estudios epidemiológicos hacia las zonas más vulnerables y desatender a las poblaciones de la Patagonia (sur de Argentina). Los objetivos del presente estudio fueron: determinar la prevalencia de parásitos intestinales en niños y jóvenes de Puerto Madryn (Chubut, Patagonia), y evaluar las infecciones parasitarias en relación con los factores socioambientales y las prácticas de higiene de la población. Materiales y métodos: Se procesaron muestras seriadas de materia fecal mediante las técnicas Ritchie modificada y FLOTAC dual pellet, y muestras de escobillado anal por sedimentación. Se relevaron las variables socioambientales y las prácticas de higiene de los participantes mediante cuestionarios semiestructurados. Resultados: El 39.1% (68/174) de la población analizada estuvo parasitado. Se halló un total de 6 especies parásitas, las más prevalentes de las cuales fueron Blastocystis sp (19.0%), Enterobius vermicularis (17.8%) y Giardia lamblia (6.3%). El riesgo de parasitosis y de infección por Blastocystis sp fue mayor en los participantes que no poseían agua de red (odds ratio [OR] = 2.9 y OR = 3.2, respectivamente). La infección por G. lamblia se asoció de manera positiva con la falta de recolección pública de residuos (OR = 5.6). La infección por E. vermicularis fue superior en los participantes con padres que tenían un nivel de estudios primario (OR = 5.0). Conclusión: Las infecciones parasitarias observadas reflejan las condiciones ambientales de la Patagonia y la necesidad de orientar los estudios a poblaciones periféricas de los centros urbanos, las cuales están expuestas a mayor vulnerabilidad socioeconómica


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Lactente , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Adolescente , Parasitos , Argentina , Saneamento , Higiene , Giardia lamblia , Blastocystis , Educação , Enterobius , Intestinos/parasitologia
18.
Parasitol Res ; 119(9): 3093-3097, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32591863

RESUMO

The efficacy of pyrantel pamoate, pyrvinium pamoate, ivermectin, and piperazine citrate against pinworm in cockroach was evaluated. Laboratory-reared German cockroaches naturally infected with Blatticola blattae were treated with the anthelmintics and necropsied at 3 to 35 days after treatment. Ivermectin at over 5 ppm and piperazine citrate at over 2000 ppm killed all the treated cockroaches. Pinworms were still detected in cockroaches given lower concentration of the aforementioned drugs. Administration of pyrantel pamoate (100-1000 ppm) and pyrvinium pamoate (2000 ppm) did not kill the cockroaches, and no pinworms were detected at 3 and 17 days after treatment. Thus, pyrantel pamoate and pyrvinium pamoate were found to be effective for deworming B. blattae in the German cockroaches, without causing mortality for the host. Our results showed that anthelmintics selection is essential for eradication of pinworms in cockroaches because of the toxicity for the host such as ivermectin or piperazine citrate. This is the first report of piperazine citrate toxicity in cockroaches.


Assuntos
Anti-Helmínticos/farmacologia , Baratas/parasitologia , Enterobíase/parasitologia , Enterobius/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos , Enterobíase/tratamento farmacológico , Enterobius/fisiologia , Humanos , Ivermectina/farmacologia , Piperazinas/farmacologia , Pamoato de Pirantel/farmacologia
19.
BMC Infect Dis ; 20(1): 336, 2020 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32397998

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Enterobius vermicularis is an intestinal helminthic parasite that causes a gastrointestinal infection called enterobiasis. Children are more susceptible to infection than adults. The current study aimed to explore the prevalence of E. vermicularis infection among children in Erbil City concerning demographic factors and certain blood parameters. METHODS: A cross-sectional and analytical study was conducted on 505 children (3-10 years). Cellophane tape samples and blood samples were taken from participants. The cellophane tape samples were examined microscopically, whereas blood samples were examined using the auto-analyzer and Cobas. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of E. vermicularis infection was 27.13%, and the infection rate was non-significantly (P = 0.371) higher in females (28.85%) than in males (25.31%). The incidence of enterobiasis was directly proportional to family size. This study demonstrated that the mean serum total protein and iron levels were significantly decreased in infected children, while other trace element levels were not significantly affected. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of E. vermicularis is relatively lower than that in previous studies. Serum total protein and iron levels significantly decreased in the enterobiasis-positive group.


Assuntos
Proteínas Sanguíneas/análise , Enterobíase/sangue , Enterobíase/epidemiologia , Enterobius/isolamento & purificação , Ferro/sangue , Fatores Etários , Animais , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Testes Diagnósticos de Rotina , Características da Família , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Iraque/epidemiologia , Masculino , Prevalência , Fatores Sexuais
20.
Zootaxa ; 4722(3): zootaxa.4722.3.6, 2020 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32230627

RESUMO

Males of Enterobius (Colobenterobius) serratus Hasegawa et al., 2003 (Nematoda: Oxyuridae) are described for the first time based on six individuals collected from the feces of proboscis monkeys, Nasalis larvatus, in the Lower Kinabatangan Wildlife Sanctuary, Sabah, Malaysian Borneo. The males show identical cephalic morphology to females, being readily distinguishable from their congeners by the serrated inner margins of the lips. The bicolored esophageal corpus, long thin spicule and developed spicular pouch with paired muscular bands are also remarkable characteristics, presumably shared by other Asian members of the subgenus.


Assuntos
Nematoides , Parasitos , Animais , Enterobius , Feminino , Masculino , Presbytini
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