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1.
Khirurgiia (Mosk) ; (2): 58-66, 2021.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33570356

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate diagnostic role of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose PET/CT in patients with suspected vascular graft (VG) infection. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective analysis included data of 30 PET/CT examinations for suspected infection of aortic VG (n=27) and bypass grafts (n=3) after surgical treatment (median 48 months). In 77% (23/30) of cases, the diagnosis was initially «possible¼ (n=11) or «rejected¼ (n=12) in accordance with common diagnostic criteria. All PET/CT results were verified by clinical, laboratory and intraoperative («=20) data. VG infection was confirmed in 18 patients and ruled out in 12 cases. RESULTS: PET/CT confirmed VG infection in 94% (17/18) and excluded in 50% (6/12) of cases. False PET/CT results were obtained in 23% (7/30) cases: false positive in 6 cases and false negative in 1 case. Thus, sensitivity, specificity and diagnostic accuracy of PET/CT were 94%, 50% and 77%, respectively; positive and negative predictive value - 74% and 86%. PET/CT results allowed correct reclassifying 33% (10/30) of cases. VG infection was confirmed in 73% (8/11) of patients with initially «possible¼ diagnosis and excluded in 17% (2/12) of patients with initially «rejected¼ infection. Moreover, whole body PET/CT revealed unknown inflammation foci outside VG in 73% (22/30) of cases. These data were applied to correct treatment approach in 80% (24/30) of cases. CONCLUSION: Our results showed high efficacy of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose PET/CT in the diagnosis of VG infection. Despite low specificity, this technique has high sensitivity and accuracy that allowed reclassifying 33% of cases.


Assuntos
Aorta/diagnóstico por imagem , Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Fluordesoxiglucose F18 , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos , Enxerto Vascular/efeitos adversos , Aorta/microbiologia , Aorta/cirurgia , Prótese Vascular/microbiologia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Vasos Sanguíneos/diagnóstico por imagem , Vasos Sanguíneos/microbiologia , Humanos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
2.
Vasc Endovascular Surg ; 55(4): 348-354, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33478360

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Despite advances of endovascular interventions, bypass surgery remains the gold standard for treatment of long and complex arterial occlusions in the lower limb. Autologous vein is regarded superior to other options. As the graft of first choice, the great saphenous vein (GSV) is often not available due to previous bypass, stripping or poor quality. Other options like arm veins (AV) are important alternatives. As forearm portions of AVs are often unusable, a graft created from the upper arm basilic and cephalic veins provides a valuable alternative. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We analyzed consecutive patients treated at an academic tertiary referral center between 01/1998 and 07/2018 using arm veins as the main peripheral bypass graft. Study endpoints were primary patency, secondary patency, limb salvage and survival. RESULTS: In the observed time period 2702 bypass procedures were performed at our institution for below-knee arterial reconstructions. Vein grafts used included the ipsilateral GSV (iGSV; n = 1937/71.7%), contralateral GSV (cGSV; 192/7.1%), small saphenous vein (SSV; 133/4.9%), prosthetic conduits (61/2.3%) and different configurations of AV (379/14%). In the majority of patients receiving AV grafts a complete continuous cephalic or basilic vein (CAV) was used (n = 292/77%). If it was not possible to use major parts of these 2 veins, either spliced arm vein grafts (SAV) (42/11%) or an upper arm basilic-cephalic loop graft (45/12%) were used. Median follow-up was 27 (interquartile range: 8-50) months. After 3 years secondary patency (CAV: 85%; SAV: 62%; loop: 66%; p = 0.125) and limb salvage rates (CAV: 79%, SAV: 68%; loop: 79%; p = 0.346) were similar between the 3 bypass options. CONCLUSION: The encouraging results of alternative AV configurations highlight their value in case the basilic or cephalic veins are not useable in continuity. Especially for infragenual redo-bypass procedures, these techniques should be considered to offer patients durable revascularization options.


Assuntos
Braço/irrigação sanguínea , Extremidade Inferior/irrigação sanguínea , Doença Arterial Periférica/cirurgia , Enxerto Vascular , Veias/transplante , Idoso , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/etiologia , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Enxerto Vascular/efeitos adversos , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular , Veias/diagnóstico por imagem , Veias/fisiopatologia
3.
Vasc Endovascular Surg ; 55(4): 410-414, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33323050

RESUMO

Aneurysmal degeneration after peripheral angioplasty is a potentially serious complication. In this case, the patient underwent repeated angioplasty of a prior vein bypass graft utilizing a paclitaxel-coated balloon. He subsequently developed a progressive aneurysmal degeneration, threatening his bypass, which ultimately required an urgent exclusion with a covered stent. This case represents a rare complication of peripheral bypass graft related to percutaneous intervention as well as paclitaxel-coated devices and warns other practitioners of the increased scrutiny and caution one should exercise in the use of such interventions.


Assuntos
Aneurisma/etiologia , Angioplastia com Balão/efeitos adversos , Angioplastia com Balão/instrumentação , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/administração & dosagem , Materiais Revestidos Biocompatíveis , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/terapia , Paclitaxel/administração & dosagem , Dispositivos de Acesso Vascular , Idoso , Aneurisma/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma/terapia , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/diagnóstico por imagem , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/etiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Arterial Periférica/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Enxerto Vascular/efeitos adversos
4.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(24)2020 Dec 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33339419

RESUMO

There is an intensive effort to identify biomarkers to predict cardiovascular disease evolution. We aimed to determine the potential of microRNAs to predict the appearance of cardiovascular events (CVEs) in patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD) following femoral artery bypass surgery. Forty-seven PAD patients were enrolled and divided into two groups, without CVEs (n = 35) and with CVEs (n = 12), during 1 year follow-up. Intra-surgery atherosclerotic plaques from femoral arteries were collected and the levels of miR-142, miR-223, miR-155, and miR-92a of the primary transcripts of these microRNAs (pri-miRNAs), and gene expression of Drosha and Dicer were determined. Results showed that, in the plaques, miR-142, miR-223, and miR-155 expression levels were significantly increased in PAD patients with CVEs compared to those without CVEs. Positive correlations between these miRNAs and their pri-miRNAs levels and the Dicer/Drosha expression were observed. In the plasma of PAD patients with CVEs compared to those without CVEs, miR-223 and miR-142 were significantly increased. The multiple linear regression analyses revealed significant associations among several plasma lipids, oxidative and inflammatory parameters, and plasma miRNAs levels. Receiver operator characteristic (ROC) analysis disclosed that plasma miR-142 levels could be an independent predictor for CVEs in PAD patients. Functional bioinformatics analyses supported the role of these miRNAs in the regulation of biological processes associated with atherosclerosis. Taken together, these data suggest that plasma levels of miR-142, miR-223, miR-155, and miR-92a can significantly predict CVEs among PAD patients with good accuracy, and that plasma levels of miR-142 can be an independent biomarker to predict post-surgery CVEs development in PAD patients.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs/sangue , Doença Arterial Periférica/sangue , Placa Aterosclerótica/sangue , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/sangue , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores/sangue , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Feminino , Artéria Femoral/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença Arterial Periférica/metabolismo , Doença Arterial Periférica/cirurgia , Placa Aterosclerótica/metabolismo , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/metabolismo , Enxerto Vascular/efeitos adversos
5.
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg ; 60(4): 560-566, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32778492

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Although high quality epidemiological data are lacking, the global increase in chronic limb threatening ischaemia may be disproportionately affecting low and LMICs. All available data for outcomes from bypass for limb salvage are from high income countries, with none from LMIC settings where the challenge is greatest. This study aimed to assess the clinical outcomes following vein lower extremity bypass for chronic limb threatening ischaemia at the University of Colombo, Sri Lanka, and to compare patients and outcomes with those described in the Society for Vascular Surgery (SVS) Objective Performance Goals (OPG) and United States National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP). METHODS: Consecutive patients (n = 367) undergoing SVS-OPG eligible lower extremity bypass between 2015 and 2017 were studied. Thirty day major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE), major adverse limb events (MALE), deaths, and amputations are reported, along with one year overall survival, limb salvage, and amputation free survival. RESULTS: Patients at University of Colombo had more diabetes mellitus (80% vs. SVS 57% vs. NSQIP 50%, p < .001) and tissue loss (100% vs. SVS 74% vs. NSQIP 59%, p < .001). The 30 day MALE was 7.6%, which is not a statistically significant difference from the SVS (6.1%) or NSQIP (9%). The 30 day MACE was 8.2%, statistically significantly higher than NSQIP (4.2%, p < .001) but not SVS (6.2%, p = .20). At 12 months, the overall survival (82%) was within the OPG threshold, but limb salvage (81.8%) and amputation free survival (64.5%) were just outside. CONCLUSION: Outcomes following vein bypass for ischaemic necrosis at the University of Colombo, Sri Lanka, are acceptable and similar to those reported from high income countries despite greater limb threat severity and resource limitations. Further real world data from similar settings on outcomes following revascularisation are required. These data suggest that a vein bypass first strategy for advanced ischaemic necrosis is feasible and effective even in resource limited settings.


Assuntos
Isquemia/cirurgia , Extremidade Inferior/irrigação sanguínea , Doença Arterial Periférica/cirurgia , Enxerto Vascular , Veias/transplante , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Amputação , Doença Crônica , Bases de Dados Factuais , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Isquemia/diagnóstico por imagem , Isquemia/mortalidade , Isquemia/fisiopatologia , Salvamento de Membro , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Arterial Periférica/mortalidade , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Sri Lanka , Fatores de Tempo , Enxerto Vascular/efeitos adversos , Enxerto Vascular/mortalidade
6.
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg ; 60(5): 687-695, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32778491

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The Global Vascular Guideline on chronic limb threatening ischaemia (CLTI) has introduced the Global Limb Anatomic Staging System (GLASS) as a new angiographic scoring system. However, the relationship between GLASS and outcomes following revascularisation has not previously been studied. METHODS: Using pre-intervention angiograms the relationship between GLASS and immediate technical failure (ITF), amputation free survival (AFS), limb salvage (LS), overall survival (OS), and freedom from major adverse limb events (FF-MALE) was examined in 377 patients undergoing endovascular therapy (EVT, n = 213) or bypass surgery (BS, n = 164) in the Bypass versus Angioplasty in Severe Ischaemia of the Leg (BASIL)-1 trial (randomised 1999-2004). RESULTS: There was no significant difference in GLASS between cohorts. There was a significant relationship between ITF and GLASS in EVT (I 14%, II 15%, III 28%, p = .049). GLASS was significantly related to AFS (hazard ratio [HR], 1.37; 95% CI 1.01-1.85; p = .042), LS (HR 1.96; 95 % CI 1.12-3.43; p = .018), and FF-MALE (HR 1.49; 95% CI 1.04-1.87; p = .028) in the EVT cohort. In BS patients, there was no relationship between GLASS and these outcomes. FF-MALE was significantly worse after EVT than BS in GLASS II (p = .038) and III (p = .001). Among the subgroup of patients with femoropopliteal (FP) disease (BS, n = 109 or EVT, n = 159), FF-MALE was significantly higher after BS than EVT (p < .001). The superiority of BS over EVT with increasing GLASS FP grade was greater in the analysis of patients using vein grafts. CONCLUSION: In the BASIL-1 cohort, GLASS is associated with outcomes following EVT but not BS. Although further validation in contemporary CLTI cohorts is required, GLASS seems likely be useful in shared decision making and for stratifying patients in future trials.


Assuntos
Angioplastia/efeitos adversos , Isquemia/diagnóstico , Salvamento de Membro/efeitos adversos , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Enxerto Vascular/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Amputação/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Artéria Femoral/patologia , Artéria Femoral/cirurgia , Seguimentos , Humanos , Isquemia/mortalidade , Isquemia/patologia , Isquemia/cirurgia , Salvamento de Membro/métodos , Extremidade Inferior/irrigação sanguínea , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença Arterial Periférica/mortalidade , Doença Arterial Periférica/patologia , Doença Arterial Periférica/cirurgia , Artéria Poplítea/patologia , Artéria Poplítea/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg ; 60(5): 721-729, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32807672

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Popliteal artery aneurysm (PAA) is the second most common arterial aneurysm. Vascunet is an international collaboration of vascular registries. The aim was to study treatment and outcomes. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of prospectively registered population based data. Fourteen countries contributed data (Australia, Denmark, Finland, France, Hungary, Iceland, Italy, Malta, New Zealand, Norway, Portugal, Serbia, Sweden, and Switzerland). RESULTS: During 2012-2018, data from 10 764 PAA repairs were included. Mean values with between countries ranges in parenthesis are given. The incidence was 10.4 cases/million inhabitants/year (2.4-19.3). The mean age was 71.3 years (66.8-75.3). Most patients, 93.3%, were men and 40.0% were active smokers. The operations were elective in 73.2% (60.0%-85.7%). The mean pre-operative PAA diameter was 32.1 mm (27.3-38.3 mm). Open surgery dominated in both elective (79.5%) and acute (83.2%) cases. A medial surgical approach was used in 77.7%, and posterior in 22.3%. Vein grafts were used in 63.8%. Of the emergency procedures, 91% (n = 2 169, 20.2% of all) were for acute thrombosis and 9% for rupture (n = 236, 2.2% of all). Thrombosis patients had larger aneurysms, mean diameter 35.5 mm, and 46.3% were active smokers. Early amputation and death were higher after acute presentation than after elective surgery (5.0% vs. 0.7%; 1.9% vs. 0.5%). This pattern remained one year after surgery (8.5% vs. 1.0%; 6.1% vs. 1.4%). Elective open compared with endovascular surgery had similar one year amputation rates (1.2% vs. 0.2%; p = .095) but superior patency (84.0% vs. 78.4%; p = .005). Veins had higher patency and lower amputation rates, at one year compared with synthetic grafts (86.8% vs. 72.3%; 1.8% vs. 5.2%; both p < .001). The posterior open approach had a lower amputation rate (0.0% vs. 1.6%, p = .009) than the medial approach. CONCLUSION: Patients presenting with acute ischaemia had high risk of amputation. The frequent use of endovascular repair and prosthetic grafts should be reconsidered based on these results.


Assuntos
Aneurisma/cirurgia , Isquemia/cirurgia , Salvamento de Membro/estatística & dados numéricos , Artéria Poplítea/patologia , Trombose/cirurgia , Doença Aguda/epidemiologia , Doença Aguda/terapia , Idoso , Amputação/estatística & dados numéricos , Aneurisma/complicações , Aneurisma/epidemiologia , Aneurisma/patologia , Austrália/epidemiologia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos/estatística & dados numéricos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Feminino , Carga Global da Doença , Humanos , Incidência , Isquemia/epidemiologia , Isquemia/etiologia , Salvamento de Membro/efeitos adversos , Salvamento de Membro/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nova Zelândia/epidemiologia , Artéria Poplítea/cirurgia , Estudos Prospectivos , Sistema de Registros/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Trombose/epidemiologia , Trombose/etiologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Enxerto Vascular/efeitos adversos , Enxerto Vascular/métodos , Enxerto Vascular/estatística & dados numéricos , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
8.
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg ; 60(5): 711-719, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32807678

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate outcomes for lower limb revascularisation for limb salvage within the National Health Service (NHS) in England. METHODS: This was a retrospective observational study of administrative data. Data were extracted from the Hospital Episodes Statistics database for England. Data were included for a seven year period (1 April 2011-31 March 2018 inclusive) for all patients aged ≥ 18 years receiving surgery for peripheral arterial occlusive disease. Data were extracted for patient age, sex and frailty level, the NHS trusts undertaking the procedure, the technique used (angioplasty, bypass, endarterectomy, or hybrid), the mode of admission (elective or emergency), the surgical speciality, the financial year of admission, length of hospital stay during the procedure, subsequent emergency re-admission, revascularisation procedures within 30 days and subsequent amputation and mortality within one year and within five years. The primary outcome was one year amputation free survival. For analysis, data were separated into diabetic and non-diabetic patients. Multilevel modelling was used to adjust for hierarchy and observed confounding when investigating outcomes. RESULTS: Data were available for 98 109 procedures across 124 hospital trusts. For non-diabetic patients (odds ratio 1.142, 95% confidence interval 1.068-1.222), one year amputation free survival was higher for angioplasty than for bypass. For diabetic patients, there was no difference in the primary outcome. One year amputation rates, 30 day emergency re-admission rates, and length of stay were all lower for angioplasty, and 30 day revascularisation rates were lower for bypass for both diabetic and non-diabetic patients. CONCLUSION: Outcomes were generally better for angioplasty than for bypass surgery for lower limb revascularisation for both diabetic and non-diabetic patients. The findings should be interpreted with caution given the likely different clinical presentations of those selected for each procedure. Future clinical trials may provide more definitive data.


Assuntos
Angioplastia/efeitos adversos , Isquemia/cirurgia , Salvamento de Membro/efeitos adversos , Doenças Vasculares Periféricas/cirurgia , Enxerto Vascular/efeitos adversos , Demandas Administrativas em Assistência à Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Amputação/estatística & dados numéricos , Angioplastia/estatística & dados numéricos , Inglaterra/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Isquemia/mortalidade , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Salvamento de Membro/métodos , Salvamento de Membro/estatística & dados numéricos , Extremidade Inferior/irrigação sanguínea , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Readmissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Doenças Vasculares Periféricas/mortalidade , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Enxerto Vascular/estatística & dados numéricos
9.
J Endovasc Ther ; 27(4): 599-607, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32633651

RESUMO

Purpose: To report the outcomes of bypass grafting (BG) vs endovascular therapy (EVT) in patients with non-dialysis-dependent chronic kidney disease (CKD) and chronic limb-threatening ischemia (CLTI). Materials and Methods: The CRITISCH Registry is a prospective, national, interdisciplinary, multicenter registry evaluating the current practice of all available treatment options in 1200 consecutive CLTI patients. For the purposes of this analysis, only the 337 patients with non-dialysis-dependent CKD treated by either BG (n=86; median 78 years, 48 men) or EVT (n=251; median age 80 years, 135 men) were analyzed. The primary composite outcome was amputation-free survival (AFS); secondary outcomes were overall survival (OS) and amputation-free time (AFT). All outcomes were evaluated in Cox proportional hazards models; the results are reported as the hazard ratio (HR) and 95% confidence interval (CI). Results: The Cox regression analysis revealed a significantly greater hazard of amputation or death after BG (HR 1.78, 95% CI 1.05 to 3.03, p=0.028). The models for AFT and overall survival also suggested a higher hazard for BG, but the differences were not significant (AFT: HR 1.66, 95% CI 0.78 to 3.53, p=0.188; OS: HR 1.41, 95% CI 0.80 to 2.47, p=0.348). The absence of runoff vessels (HR 1.73, 95% CI 1.15 to 2.60, p=0.008) was associated with a decreased AFS. The likelihood of amputation was higher in male patients (HR 2.21, 95% CI 1.10 to 4.45, p=0.027) and was associated with a lack of runoff vessels (HR 1.95, 95% CI 0.96 to 3.95, p=0.065) and myocardial infarction (HR 3.74, 95% CI 1.23 to 11.35, p=0.020). Death was more likely in patients without runoff vessels (HR 1.76, 95% CI 1.11 to 2.80, p=0.016) and those with a higher risk score (HR 1.73, 95% CI 1.03 to 2.91, p=0.038). Conclusion: This analysis suggested that BG was associated with poorer AFS than EVT in patients with non-dialysis-dependent CKD and CLTI. Male sex, previous myocardial infarction, and the absence of runoff vessels were additionally identified as predictors of poorer outcomes.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Endovasculares , Isquemia/terapia , Doença Arterial Periférica/terapia , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/terapia , Enxerto Vascular , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Amputação , Doença Crônica , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/mortalidade , Feminino , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Humanos , Isquemia/diagnóstico , Isquemia/mortalidade , Salvamento de Membro , Masculino , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico , Doença Arterial Periférica/mortalidade , Estudos Prospectivos , Sistema de Registros , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/mortalidade , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Enxerto Vascular/efeitos adversos , Enxerto Vascular/mortalidade
10.
Vasc Endovascular Surg ; 54(5): 430-435, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32489155

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Cadaveric saphenous vein (CV) conduits are used in rare instances for limb salvage in patients without autogenous veins although long-term outcome data are scarce. This study was designed to evaluate the outcomes of CV bypass in patients with threatened limbs. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the charts from 2010 to 2017 of 25 patients who underwent 30 CV allografts for critical limb ischemia and acute limb ischemia. Patient charts were reviewed for demographics, comorbidities, smoking status, indications for bypass, and outcomes. Primary outcomes included graft patency, major amputation rates, and mortality. Secondary outcomes measured included infection rates, 30-day major adverse cardiac events (MACE) and major adverse limb events (MALE). Statistical analysis was performed using time series and Kaplan-Meier survival curves. RESULTS: A total of 30 limbs received CV lower extremity bypasses (20 males, 10 female), and the average age was 68 ± 4 years. Primary patency rates were 71%, 42%, and 28% at 3, 6, and 12 months, respectively. Assisted primary patency rates were 78%, 56%, and 37% at 3, 6, and 12 months, respectively. Secondary patency rates were 77%, 59%, and 28% at 3, 6, and 12 months, respectively. Minor amputations, defined as amputations below the transmetatarsal level occurred in 5 (20%) patients. Wound infection occurred in 8 (32%) patients which was managed with local wound care and no patients required an extraanatomic bypass for limb salvage. Thirty-day MALE occurred in 7 (23.3%) patients. We had no 30-day mortality or MACE. The average graft length was 64.2 ± 8 cm with an average graft diameter of 3.9 ± 2 mm. Amputation-free survival and overall survival at 12 months were 20 (68%) and 21 (84%), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Cadaveric saphenous vein allograft may be used as a bypass conduit as a viable surgical option before limb amputation. Despite the poor patency rates, the limb salvage rates of cadaveric vein grafts demonstrate that this alternate conduit may be considered when no autogenous vein is available.


Assuntos
Salvamento de Membro , Extremidade Inferior/irrigação sanguínea , Doença Arterial Periférica/cirurgia , Veia Safena/transplante , Enxerto Vascular , Idoso , Amputação , Cadáver , Feminino , Humanos , Salvamento de Membro/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Centros de Atenção Terciária , Fatores de Tempo , Enxerto Vascular/efeitos adversos , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
11.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 69: 52-61, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32474144

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Reinterventions after lower extremity revascularization (LER) are common. Current outcome measures assessing durability of revascularization rely on freedom from reintervention but do not account for the frequency of repeated LER. The aim of this study is to compare the reintervention index, defined as the mean number of repeat LER, after open and endovascular revascularization. We hypothesized that endovascular procedures have reduced durability and increased frequency of reinterventions. METHODS: A retrospective review of the charts of consecutive patients undergoing LER for peripheral artery disease (PAD) in 2013-2014 by multiple specialties in a tertiary care center was performed. Patients were divided into open and endovascular groups based on the first LER procedure performed during the study period. Patient characteristics and outcomes were compared between the 2 groups. Multivariable regression was performed to determine factors associated with reintervention. RESULTS: There were 367 patients (Endo = 316, Open = 51). A total of 211 patients underwent 497 reinterventions (reintervention rate = 57.5%, reintervention index = 2.35 ± 2.02 procedures [range 1-11]). Patients in the open group were more likely to be smokers (P = 0.018) and to have prior open LER (P = 0.003), while patients in the endovascular group were older (P < 0.001) and more likely to have cardiovascular comorbidities. On follow-up, there was no difference in overall or ipsilateral reintervention rates or reintervention indices between endovascular and open LER. Major amputation was significantly higher after open LER (19.61% vs. 8.54%, P = 0.013) but there was no difference in survival (P = 0.448). Multivariable analysis did not show a significant relationship between type of procedure and reintervention. CONCLUSIONS: The reintervention index provides a measure to assess the frequency of repeat LER. Patients with PAD, in this study, are afflicted with similar extent of reinterventions after open and endovascular LER.


Assuntos
Endarterectomia , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Extremidade Inferior/irrigação sanguínea , Doença Arterial Periférica/terapia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/terapia , Retratamento , Enxerto Vascular , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Amputação , Pesquisa Comparativa da Efetividade , Endarterectomia/efeitos adversos , Endarterectomia/mortalidade , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Salvamento de Membro , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença Arterial Periférica/mortalidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Retratamento/efeitos adversos , Retratamento/mortalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Enxerto Vascular/efeitos adversos , Enxerto Vascular/mortalidade
12.
J Surg Res ; 253: 280-287, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32402853

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The autologous vein remains the standard conduit for lower extremity and coronary artery bypass grafting despite a 30%-50% 5-y failure rate, primarily attributable to intimal hyperplasia (IH) that develops in the midterm period (3-24 mo) of graft maturation. Our group discovered that externally strengthening vein grafts by cross-linking the adventitial collagen with photochemical tissue passivation (PTP) mitigates IH in an arteriovenous model at 4 wk. We now investigate whether this effect is retained in the midterm period follow-up. METHODS: Six Hanford miniature pigs received bilateral carotid artery interposition vein grafts. In each animal, the external surface of one graft was treated with PTP before grafting, whereas the opposite side served as the untreated control. The grafts were harvested after 3 mo. Ultrasound evaluation of all vein grafts was performed at the time of grafting and harvest. The grafts were also evaluated histomorphometrically and immunohistologically for markers of IH. RESULTS: All vein grafts were patent at 3 mo except one graft in the PTP-treated group because of early technical failure. The control vein grafts had significantly greater IH than PTP-treated grafts at 3 mo, as evidenced by the intimal area (2.6 ± 1.0 mm2versus 1.4 ± 1.5 mm2, respectively, P = 0.045) and medial area (5.1 ± 1.9 mm2versus 2.7 ± 2.4 mm2, respectively, P = 0.048). The control grafts had an increased presence and proliferation of mural myofibroblasts with greater smooth muscle actin and proliferating cell nuclear antigen staining. CONCLUSIONS: PTP treatment to the external surface of the vein grafts decreases IH at 3 mo after arteriovenous grafting and may prevent future graft failure.


Assuntos
Artérias Carótidas/cirurgia , Neointima/prevenção & controle , Fotoquimioterapia/métodos , Veia Safena/transplante , Enxerto Vascular/métodos , Túnica Adventícia/efeitos dos fármacos , Túnica Adventícia/efeitos da radiação , Animais , Colágeno/química , Colágeno/efeitos dos fármacos , Colágeno/efeitos da radiação , Feminino , Corantes Fluorescentes/administração & dosagem , Luz , Neointima/diagnóstico , Neointima/etiologia , Neointima/patologia , Rosa Bengala/administração & dosagem , Veia Safena/diagnóstico por imagem , Veia Safena/patologia , Suínos , Porco Miniatura , Transplante Autólogo/efeitos adversos , Túnica Íntima/diagnóstico por imagem , Túnica Íntima/patologia , Enxerto Vascular/efeitos adversos , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
13.
J Endovasc Ther ; 27(4): 608-613, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32419595

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To determine in a chronic limb-threatening ischemia (CLTI) population who underwent endovascular therapy (EVT) how many patients would have been categorized as preferred for bypass surgery according to the Global Vascular Guidelines (GVG) and ascertain their surgical risk. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The current study analyzed 1043 CLTI patients who presented WIfI (wound, ischemia, and foot infection) stage ≥2 and underwent EVT between April 2010 and December 2017. Of these, 176 were excluded for lack of angiographic or other data, leaving 867 CLTI patients (mean age 74±10 years; 523 men) for stratification according to the GVG into bypass-preferred, indeterminate, or EVT-preferred groups. The GVG recommend bypass as the first-line treatment when the wound is severe (WIfI stage ≥3) and lesions are complex (GLASS stage III). Surgical risk was estimated using the modified PREVENT III risk score. To further stratify the bypass-preferred population according to mortality risk, a survival decision tree was constructed using recursive partitioning. RESULTS: The bypass-preferred group accounted for 55% [95% confidence interval (CI) 51% to 58%] of the overall population. The decision tree analysis extracted a low-mortality risk subgroup with a survival rate of 99% (95% CI 98% to 100%) at 1 month and 80% (95% CI 73% to 87%) at 2 years. According to the PREVENT III score, 34% (95% CI 27% to 42%) of the low mortality risk subgroup were classified as high surgical risk. CONCLUSION: A high proportion of patients undergoing EVT were considered bypass preferred based on the GVG, and the survival of these patients was not significantly different whether they were high or low surgical risk.


Assuntos
Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Procedimentos Endovasculares/normas , Isquemia/terapia , Seleção de Pacientes , Doença Arterial Periférica/terapia , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto/normas , Enxerto Vascular/normas , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Amputação/normas , Doença Crônica , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/mortalidade , Feminino , Fidelidade a Diretrizes/normas , Humanos , Isquemia/diagnóstico , Isquemia/mortalidade , Salvamento de Membro/normas , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico , Doença Arterial Periférica/mortalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Enxerto Vascular/efeitos adversos , Enxerto Vascular/mortalidade
14.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 68: 141-150, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32439529

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Vertebral artery (VA) stenosis as a cause of ischemic events and its surgical treatment is an overlooked subject. After reporting our initial results, the results of VA stenosis operations and the follow-up studies are analyzed. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This retrospective, single-center study includes 43 symptomatic proximal VA stenosis patients between September 2012 and March 2019. The demographics and clinical data were obtained from the hospital records. Doppler ultrasonography and computed tomography angiography were used to establish the diagnosis and for follow-up. The surgical procedures were as follows: VA transposition in 30 (69.8%), VA bypass 8 (18.6%), saphenous vein interposition in VA in 4 (9.3%), and decompression of kinking in 1 (2.3%) patient. Eleven patients (25.5%) had concomitant carotid surgery. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate the survival and patency rates. RESULTS: Most common symptoms were vertigo and loss of balance in 38 (88.4%) and 14 (32.6%) patients, respectively. Twenty-five patients were males (58.1%), and the average age was 64.6 ± 9.8 (50-90) years. The 30-day death, 30-day stroke, and 30-day death/stroke rates were 2.3%, 4.7%, and 7%, respectively. Ten patients (23.3%) had morbidities which were related to the intervention. Horner syndrome was found in 5 (11.6%) patients, and facial nerve injury was found in one (2.3%) patient. Three (7.1%) patients died during the follow-up period, and overall survival of the patients at 3 years was 91.4% ± 5.8%. Two (4.7%) patients had cerebrovascular events (CVEs) occurred during the follow-up. One- and three-year CVE-free survivals were 97.1% ± 2.9% and 90.1% ± 7.2%, respectively. Two patients (5.4%) had restenosis. One- and three-year patency of VA after procedure was 89.1% ± 7.4%. Thirty-seven (86%) patients had complete recovery of symptoms after surgery; 5 patients (11.6%) kept their preoperative symptoms in different levels. CONCLUSIONS: Vertebral artery surgery can be performed with acceptable mortality and morbidity rates. Restenosis-free, CVE-free, and overall survival rates are satisfactory.


Assuntos
Descompressão Cirúrgica , Veia Safena/transplante , Enxerto Vascular , Insuficiência Vertebrobasilar/cirurgia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Descompressão Cirúrgica/efeitos adversos , Descompressão Cirúrgica/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento , Enxerto Vascular/efeitos adversos , Enxerto Vascular/mortalidade , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular , Insuficiência Vertebrobasilar/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência Vertebrobasilar/mortalidade , Insuficiência Vertebrobasilar/fisiopatologia
15.
Vascular ; 28(6): 708-714, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32393108

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: While the use of protamine sulfate as a heparin reversal agent has been extensively reviewed in patients undergoing carotid endarterectomy and coronary artery bypass grafting, there is a lack of literature on protamine's effects on lower extremity bypasses. The purpose of this study was to determine the risk of protamine sulfate dosing after tibial bypass on thrombotic or bleeding events, including early bypass failure. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of our institutional database for patients undergoing primary distal peripheral bypass from January 2009 through December 2015 (contralateral bypass was considered to be a new primary bypass). Primary endpoints include composite thrombotic events (myocardial infarction, stroke, amputation at 30 days and patency less than 30 days) and composite bleeding events (bleeding or transfusion). RESULTS: A total of 152 tibial or peroneal bypasses in 136 patients with critical limb ischemia were identified. Of these, 78 (57.4%) patients received protamine sulfate intraoperatively and 58 (42.6%) did not. There were no differences in composite thrombotic or hemorrhagic outcomes. Protamine use had no effect on the rates of perioperative MI (9.0% versus 3.5%, p = 0.20), stroke (1.3% versus 1.7%, p = 0.83), or perioperative mortality (5.1% versus 3.5%, p = 0.64). There was no significant difference in composite post-operative bleeding events (20.7% versus 14.1%, p = 0.31) or composite thrombotic events (17.2% versus 18.0%, p = 0.91). Patients who received protamine undergoing bypass with non-autogenous conduit had significantly higher-recorded median operative blood loss (250 mL versus 150 mL, p = 0.0097) and median procedure lengths (265 min versus 201 min, p = 0.0229). No difference in 30-day amputation-free survival was noted (91.0% versus 91.4%, p = 0.94). Follow-up Kaplan-Meier estimation did not demonstrate a difference in 30-day patency (91.7% versus 88.5%, p = 0.52). CONCLUSIONS: Heparin reversal with protamine sulfate after tibial or peroneal bypass grafting is not associated with higher cardiovascular morbidity, bypass thrombosis, amputation, or mortality. Additionally, there was no statistically significant difference in post-operative bleeding or thrombosis complications for patients who did not receive protamine, although the findings are suggestive of a potential difference in a more adequately powered study. Our results suggest that protamine sulfate is safe for intraoperative use without increased risk of thrombotic complications or early tibial bypass graft failure.


Assuntos
Antagonistas de Heparina/administração & dosagem , Doença Arterial Periférica/cirurgia , Protaminas/administração & dosagem , Artérias da Tíbia/cirurgia , Enxerto Vascular , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/diagnóstico por imagem , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/etiologia , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/fisiopatologia , Antagonistas de Heparina/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Masculino , Doença Arterial Periférica/sangue , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Protaminas/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Trombose/diagnóstico por imagem , Trombose/etiologia , Trombose/fisiopatologia , Artérias da Tíbia/diagnóstico por imagem , Artérias da Tíbia/fisiopatologia , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Enxerto Vascular/efeitos adversos
16.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 68: 409-416, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32335252

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Distal bypass is the optimal treatment for patients with critical limb ischemia (CLI). However, effectiveness of redo distal bypass (rDB) after failed initial distal bypass (iDB) remains uncertain. This study aimed to analyze long-term results of rDB for CLI. METHODS: Patients undergoing rDB for CLI from 2009 to 2018 at a single institute were retrospectively reviewed. Operative details, primary and secondary patency, survival rate, major amputation-free rate, and risk factors affecting patency were analyzed. The distal runoff was evaluated using the infrapopliteal Global Limb Anatomic Staging System (GLASS) grade (0 to 4: 0 represents good runoff and 4 represents the poorest runoff). RESULTS: Of 310 iDB (251 patients), 46 rDB were performed in 44 patients: 27 men, mean age 75 ± 10 years, diabetes mellitus 77%, chronic renal failure with hemodialysis 45%. Only the autologous veins were used in distal bypasses: a great saphenous vein (GSV) in 28 (57%), a small saphenous vein in 13 (27%), an arm vein in 6 (12%), and a superficial femoral vein in 2 (4%). The GSV was used less frequently for rDB than for iDB (57% vs. 90%, P < 0.0001). The infrapopliteal GLASS grade 4 was recognized more in rDB than iDB (76% vs. 60%, P = 0.04). Primary and secondary patency of rDB was 25% and 44% at 1 year and 14% and 29% at 3 years, respectively, which were significantly lower than those of iDB (P < 0.0001). The survival rate after rDB was 68% at 1 year and 53% at 3 years. Freedom from major amputation rate in rDB was 83% at 1 year and 66% at 3 years. Multivariate analysis showed the risk factor influencing on secondary patency was patent duration of the iDB graft (P = 0.012). Secondary patency of rDB was higher in the group of late graft occlusion ≥6 months after iDB (late group) than in the group of early graft occlusion < 6 months after iDB (early group) (94% vs. 9% at 1 year and 75% vs. 5% at 3 years, P < 0.0001). However, freedom from major amputation rate at 3 years was comparable between both groups (71% in the late group vs. 61% in the early group). CONCLUSIONS: Patency of rDB was significantly lower than that of iDB partly because of less use of the GSV and poorer runoff. Because survival and graft patency after rDB was low, rDB should be a suboptimal treatment especially in patients with early graft occlusion within 6 months after iDB.


Assuntos
Veia Femoral/transplante , Isquemia/cirurgia , Doença Arterial Periférica/cirurgia , Reoperação , Veia Safena/transplante , Enxerto Vascular , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Amputação , Estado Terminal , Feminino , Humanos , Isquemia/diagnóstico por imagem , Isquemia/fisiopatologia , Salvamento de Membro , Masculino , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Reoperação/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Falha de Tratamento , Enxerto Vascular/efeitos adversos , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
17.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 68: 400-408, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32339688

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Extensive infrainguinal arterial disease still pose a challenge for technical and clinical success of percutaneous angioplasty. The purpose of this study was to compare the results of concomitant femoropopliteal and infrapopliteal percutaneous angioplasty/stenting (PTA/S) with distal bypass graft surgery (BGS) in patients with chronic limb-threatening ischemia (CLTI). METHOD: In a single-center retrospective investigation between 2011 and 2017, 668 revascularization procedures for CLTI were reviewed. Concomitant femoropopliteal and infrapopliteal disease was identified in 153 CLTI patients, treated with BGS (48) using autogenous veins as substitute or PTA/S in a single procedure (105). A subgroup of patients with complex, extensive arterial lesions (GLASS stage III) received additional analysis. Primary outcomes were limb salvage and survival. RESULTS: The mean follow-up time was 21.4 months. Patients treated with PTA/S were significantly older and with predominance of females, diabetes and chronic kidney disease. Smoking was more common in patients treated with BGS. The BGS group showed a 36-month survival rate of 73.4%, whereas the PTA/S group presented a survival of 61.3% in the same interval (P = 0.25). The 36-month cumulative limb salvage rate was 53.3 and 59.7% for BGS and PTA/S, respectively (P = 0.24). For GLASS stage III patients, 36-month limb salvage rates were 54.4% for the PTA/S group and 50.2% for the BGS group (P = 0.29). Multivariate analysis pointed poor runoff status (all endovascular patients) and diabetes (GLASS III endovascular patients) as risk factors for limb loss. CONCLUSION: PTA/S and BGS presented similar results of limb salvage and survival in the treatment of concomitant femoropopliteal and infrapopliteal arterial disease in patients with CLTI, even for patients with extensive and complex arterial disease.


Assuntos
Angioplastia , Artéria Femoral/cirurgia , Isquemia/terapia , Doença Arterial Periférica/terapia , Artéria Poplítea/cirurgia , Veia Safena/transplante , Enxerto Vascular , Idoso , Amputação , Angioplastia/efeitos adversos , Angioplastia/instrumentação , Angioplastia/mortalidade , Doença Crônica , Feminino , Artéria Femoral/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Femoral/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Isquemia/diagnóstico por imagem , Isquemia/mortalidade , Isquemia/fisiopatologia , Salvamento de Membro , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Arterial Periférica/mortalidade , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Artéria Poplítea/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Poplítea/fisiopatologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Stents , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Enxerto Vascular/efeitos adversos , Enxerto Vascular/mortalidade , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
18.
J Surg Res ; 253: 53-62, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32320897

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Proteoglycan 4 (PRG4; lubricin) is a member of two gene co-expression network modules associated with human vein graft failure. However, little is known about PRG4 and the vascular system. Therefore, we have investigated the effects of recombinant human PRG4 (rhPRG4) on cell migration and proliferation in human veins. METHODS: Effects of rhPRG4 on cell migration, proliferation, and neointima formation were determined in human venous tissue and cultured venous smooth muscle cells (SMCs), adventitial cells, and endothelial cells. Expression of PRG4 by cultured human saphenous veins, failed vein grafts, and varicose veins was determined by immunostaining or Western blotting. RESULTS: Limited expression of PRG4 in fresh saphenous veins was dramatically increased around medial SMCs after culture ex vivo. rhPRG4 inhibited the migration of cultured SMCs, adventitial cells, and endothelial cells, as well as the proliferation of endothelial cells. rhPRG4 also inhibited the migration of SMCs and adventitial cells from tissue explants, but there was no effect on cell proliferation or neointima formation in ex vivo whole veins. Finally, PRG4 was largely absent in two examples of venous pathology, that is, failed human vein grafts and varicose veins. CONCLUSIONS: Although rhPRG4 can inhibit the migration of venous SMCs, endothelial cells, and adventitial cells, and the proliferation of endothelial cells, PRG4 was only increased around medial SMCs in veins after ex vivo culture. PRG4 was not observed around medial SMCs in failed human vein grafts and varicose veins, suggesting the possibility that a failure of PRG4 upregulation may promote these pathologies.


Assuntos
Rejeição de Enxerto/patologia , Neointima/patologia , Proteoglicanas/metabolismo , Veia Safena/transplante , Varizes/patologia , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Células Cultivadas , Células Endoteliais/patologia , Rejeição de Enxerto/etiologia , Humanos , Músculo Liso Vascular/citologia , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/patologia , Neointima/etiologia , Técnicas de Cultura de Órgãos , Doença Arterial Periférica/cirurgia , Cultura Primária de Células , Proteoglicanas/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/metabolismo , Veia Safena/citologia , Veia Safena/patologia , Técnicas de Cultura de Tecidos , Enxerto Vascular/efeitos adversos
19.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 29(5): 104633, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32122776

RESUMO

CASE: Two years ago, annual magnetic resonance imaging for unruptured right internal carotid artery aneurysm of a 47-year-old woman detected a cerebral infarct in her right occipital lobe which was unknown etiology and antiplatelet therapy was initiated. She presented with sensory disorder of her left fingers 4 months ago. Infarction in right parieto-occipital cortex and severe stenosis of right middle cerebral artery was revealed. Her laboratory test was normal except remarkably high homocysteine value. Regardless of dual anti-platelet therapy, she suffered from repeated minor stroke and the stenosis was progressing. Therefore, right superficial temporal artery - middle cerebral artery bypass was undertaken. Aspirin and clopidogrel were withdrawn 1 week before the surgery. Two branches were anastomosed with 2 separate frontal M4 branches. Although patency was confirmed immediately after the anastomosis, thrombus formation was revealed after 10 minutes. We needed to perform removal of the thrombus and re-anastomosis twice. Intraoperative administration of aspirin and ozagrel alleviated thrombotic tendency. After surgery, antiplatelet therapy and supplementation with folate and vitamin B were performed. Her postoperative course was uneventful and patency of both anastomoses was confirmed. DISCUSSION: Controversy still exists regarding preoperative antiplatelet therapy before superficial temporal artery-middle cerebral artery bypass, and folates and B6-12 vitamins supplementation for hyperhomocysteinemia. Considering intraoperative thrombo tendency in our case, it is recommended to evaluate the homocysteine level before bypass surgery for intracranial stenosis especially for young patients or patients with unknown etiology. Before bypass surgery of the patient with hyperhomocysteinemia, continuation of perioperative antiplatelet drugs and supplementation with folates and B6-12 vitamins are mandatory.


Assuntos
Hiper-Homocisteinemia/complicações , Infarto da Artéria Cerebral Média/cirurgia , Artéria Cerebral Média/cirurgia , Artérias Temporais/cirurgia , Enxerto Vascular/efeitos adversos , Trombose Venosa/etiologia , Suplementos Nutricionais , Feminino , Fibrinolíticos/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Hiper-Homocisteinemia/diagnóstico , Hiper-Homocisteinemia/tratamento farmacológico , Infarto da Artéria Cerebral Média/diagnóstico por imagem , Infarto da Artéria Cerebral Média/etiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Artéria Cerebral Média/diagnóstico por imagem , Recidiva , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Artérias Temporais/diagnóstico por imagem , Trombectomia , Resultado do Tratamento , Trombose Venosa/diagnóstico por imagem , Trombose Venosa/terapia , Complexo Vitamínico B/administração & dosagem
20.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 66: 518-528, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32035265

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Arterial reconstruction (AR) for limb ischemia may improve ambulatory function (AF) and health-related quality of life (HR-QoL). However, the efficacy of AR in terms of HR-QoL varies in studies, probably because of cohort differences in disease severity, hemodynamic outcomes, and observation duration. We assessed HR-QoL for patients with various severities of ischemia in a 3-year observational study. METHODS: We conducted a single-center 3-year observational study using Short Form 36 in patients with chronic limb ischemia. Between 2001 and 2009, 515 consecutive patients had AR, and 330 who underwent elective AR consented to the study. Of the 330 patients (claudicants 49%, critical limb ischemia [CLI] 51%), 307 underwent bypass and 23 endovascular therapy. Postal questionnaires were sent after AR, and 8 domains, the physical and mental component summary (PCS and MCS) scores, and the patient-reported AF were compared, and negative predictors were identified. RESULTS: Overall, the MCS was minimally affected, but AF and the PCS were impaired. After AR, these measures were significantly improved, and maximum recovery was attained at 6 months. In subgroup analysis, significant predictors of a negative impact on postoperative PCS included age ≥80, CLI, physical aftereffects of stroke (PAS), and previous major amputation (PMA). Of these, PMA was associated with the lowest PCS score, followed by PAS; for these patients, AR contributed minimally to HR-QoL recovery. PCS scores of claudicants attained a maximum value at 6 months; however, PCS scores of CLI patients were significantly lower than intermittent claudication patients (P < 0.0001), and patients with major tissue loss required 2 years to attain maximum PCS recovery. CONCLUSIONS: This 3-year observational study verified the efficacy of AR in improving AF and HR-QoL. Age ≥80, CLI, PAS, and PMA were definitive predictors, and for patients with the latter 2, AR contributed minimally to improving HR-QoL.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Endovasculares , Tolerância ao Exercício , Claudicação Intermitente/cirurgia , Isquemia/cirurgia , Doença Arterial Periférica/cirurgia , Qualidade de Vida , Enxerto Vascular , Caminhada , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Doença Crônica , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Claudicação Intermitente/diagnóstico , Claudicação Intermitente/fisiopatologia , Isquemia/diagnóstico , Isquemia/fisiopatologia , Japão , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Enxerto Vascular/efeitos adversos , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
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