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1.
An. psicol ; 38(3): 546-554, Oct-Dic. 2022. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-208825

RESUMO

Las personas con dolor crónico cambian la forma de realizar las actividades cotidianas, diferenciándose diversos patrones, entre ellos, la secuenciación de actividades (pacing). La bibliografía acerca de la relación entre pacing y afecto muestran resultados contradictorios. El objetivo de este estudio fue contrastar experimentalmente, en una muestra de 145 estudiantes, si la inducción de afecto positivo vs negativo influía en la elección del tipo de “pacing” (“pacingpara aumentar la productividad” y “pacingpara reducir el dolor”) cuando los participantes eran expuestos a dolor, controlando las variables optimismo y catastrofismo. Los resultados de la regresión logística multinomial no mostraron relación entre las variables. El pacing es una estrategia de intervención presente en todos los modelos de intervención en dolor crónico y, por tanto, es relevante seguir profundizando acerca del rol del afecto en relación al mismo.(AU)


People with chronic pain often change the way they carry out their daily activities according to different patterns, among which are pacing strategies. Cross-sectional studies on the association between pacing andaffectshow contradictory results. The study aim was to experimentally test whether the induction of positive affect vs negative affect would influence the choice of the type of pacing (pacing to increase productivity or pacing to reduce pain) when the participants were exposed to pain, while controlling for the variables optimism and catastrophism. The study participants comprised a sample of 145 undergraduates. The results ofmultinomial logistic regression showed that there was no association between the variables. Pacing is an intervention strategy in all chronic pain intervention models, and thus it is relevant to continue investigating the role of affect in relation to pacing.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto Jovem , Afeto , Emoções , Otimismo/psicologia , Catastrofização/psicologia , Dor Crônica/psicologia , Atividades Cotidianas/psicologia , Manejo da Dor , Qualidade de Vida , Espanha , Psicologia , Psicologia Clínica , Medicina do Comportamento , Estudos de Intervenção
2.
Sportis (A Coruña) ; 8(3): 309-328, Sept. 2022. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-207905

RESUMO

The purpose of this study is investigate the impact of reactive agility, reaction-based planned change of direction training on the practice of self defence methods among students enrolled in the Private Security and Protection program of Vocational Schools. Twenty male volunteer students, 21.20±1.28 years, height 177.37±6.18 cm, weight 75.56±5.50 kg, voluntarily participated in the study. While the volunteer research group received reactive agility, response speed training for 2 hours 4 days a week for 8 weeks, the control group continued to receive self defence skills instruction as usual. Measurements of body composition Body analyzer Inbody 270 (Japan), reactive test Fitspeed (Turkey) gadget for measuring agility performance, as well as other agility planned change of direction tests Fusion Smart (Australia) with an integrated system of photocell doors, T Test digital integrated system stopwatch (Belgium), Reaction time Speed test was measured using a Performanz Spark test equipment (Turkey). The SPSS 22 software was utilized to analyze the data. First, the data distribution was evaluated using the Shapiro-Wilk test, it was discovered that it did not have a normal distribution. Mann Whitney U Tests were used in this manner to find the difference between the pre-test and post-test results of the nonparametric Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test across groups in order to determine the difference between the pre-post-test data within the group. The level of significance in the study was determined at p>0.05. According to the statistical analysis, the 8-week planned change of direction, reactive agility training improved the response speed, agility performance of the work group students (p>0.05). (AU)


El propósito de este estudio es investigar el impacto de la agilidad reactiva, el entrenamiento de cambio de dirección planificado basado en la reacción en la práctica de métodos de defensa personal entre los estudiantes matriculados en el programa de Protección y Seguridad Privada de las Escuelas Vocacionales. Veinte estudiantes voluntarios varones, 21,20 ± 1,28 años, altura 177,37 ± 6,18 cm, peso 75,56 ± 5,50 kg, participaron voluntariamente en el estudio. Mientras que el grupo de investigación voluntario recibió entrenamiento de agilidad reactiva y velocidad de respuesta durante 2 horas, 4 días a la semana durante 8 semanas, el grupo de control continuó recibiendo instrucción en habilidades de defensa personal como de costumbre. Mediciones de composición corporal Analizador corporal Inbody 270 (Japón), test reactivo Fitspeed (Turquía) Gadget para medir el rendimiento de agilidad, así como otras pruebas de cambio de dirección planificado de agilidad Fusion Smart (Australia) con un sistema integrado de puertas de fotocélula, T Test digital cronómetro de sistema integrado (Bélgica), tiempo de reacción La prueba de velocidad se midió utilizando un equipo de prueba Performanz Spark (Turquía). Se utilizó el software SPSS 22 para analizar los datos. Primero se evaluó la distribución de datos mediante la prueba de Shapiro-Wilk, se descubrió que no tenía una distribución normal. Las pruebas U de Mann Whitney se utilizaron de esta manera para encontrar la diferencia entre los resultados previos y posteriores a la prueba de la prueba no paramétrica de rangos con signos de Wilcoxon entre los grupos para determinar la diferencia entre los datos previos y posteriores a la prueba dentro del grupo.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Adulto Jovem , Capacidade de Resposta ante Emergências , Estudantes , Proteção Pessoal/análise , Proteção Pessoal/métodos , Estudos de Intervenção , 28599 , Turquia
3.
Sportis (A Coruña) ; 8(3): 414-425, Sept. 2022. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-207910

RESUMO

The purpose of this study is to compare the physical and motor characteristics of individuals with total visual impairment (TVI) and individuals with low vision (LVI). 250 participants (136 participants=TVI, 114 participants=LVI) bettween the age 10-19 participated in the study. Participants’ anthropometric features (age, height, weight, and BMI), balance, sitting reach, standing long jump, shuttle run, vertical jump, shuttle, hanging with bent arm, and handgrip strength were measured. Dr. Lovett's manual muscle strength measurement (MMSM) was used to determine the strength parameters. The strength of arm flexion strenght (FS), arm extension strenght (ES), leg FS, leg ES, hip FS, hip ES, back and abdominal strenght were measured. For statistical analysis the SPSS 25 was used. Therefore, Independent Sample T Test was used to determine the difference between the two groups. As a result of the statistical analyzes, a significant difference was found between TVI and LVI in balance, sit and reach, standing long jump, shuttle run, vertical jump, shuttle, handgrip strength, abdominal strength, back strength, hip FS, arm FS, and arm ES (p<0.05). LVI's motoric properties were better than TVI. There was no difference between groups in bent arm hanging (BAH), hip ES, leg FS and leg ES (p>0.05). As a result of the study, it was found that the degree of vision significantly affects physical and motor development. TVI develop slower than LVI in terms of physical and motor characteristics.This study was conducted to reveal the difference in motor characteristics between TVI and LVI. According to the results of this study; In order to prevent insufficient physical and motor development in TVI individuals in developmental age, it is recommended to be supported with sportive activities. The development of TVI individuals should be followed from early childhood and appropriate strategies should be developed. (AU)


El propósito de este estudio es comparar las características físicas y motoras de personas con discapacidad visual total (TVI) y personas con baja visión (LVI). 250 participantes (136 participantes=TVI, 114 participantes=LVI) entre 10-19 años participaron en el estudio. Se midieron las características antropométricas de los participantes (edad, altura, peso e IMC), el equilibrio, el alcance sentado, el salto de longitud de pie, la carrera de lanzadera, el salto vertical, la lanzadera, colgarse con el brazo doblado y la fuerza de agarre. Se utilizó la medición manual de la fuerza muscular (MMSM) del Dr. Lovett para determinar los parámetros de fuerza. Se midió la fuerza de flexión de brazo (FS), fuerza de extensión de brazo (ES), FS de pierna, ES de pierna, FS de cadera, ES de cadera, espalda y fuerza abdominal. Para el análisis estadístico se utilizó el SPSS 25. Por lo tanto, se utilizó la prueba T de muestra independiente para determinar la diferencia entre los dos grupos. Como resultado de los análisis estadísticos, se encontró una diferencia significativa entre TVI y LVI en equilibrio, sentarse y alcanzar, salto de longitud de pie, carrera lanzadera, salto vertical, lanzadera, fuerza de prensión manual, fuerza abdominal, fuerza de espalda, cadera FS, brazo FS y brazo ES (p<0,05). Las propiedades motoras de LVI fueron mejores que las de TVI. No hubo diferencia entre los grupos en brazo doblado colgando (BAH), cadera ES, pierna FS y pierna ES (p>0,05). Como resultado del estudio se encontró que el grado de visión afecta significativamente el desarrollo físico y motor. TVI se desarrolla más lentamente que LVI en términos de características físicas y motoras. Este estudio se realizó para revelar la diferencia en las características motoras entre TVI y LVI. Según los resultados de este estudio; Para prevenir un desarrollo físico y motor insuficiente en individuos TVI en edad de desarrollo, se recomienda apoyarlos con actividades deportivas. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Criança , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Pessoas com Deficiência Visual , Transtornos da Visão , Aptidão Física , Atividade Motora , Estudos de Intervenção , Baixa Visão , Cegueira
4.
Sportis (A Coruña) ; 8(3): 442-457, Sept. 2022. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-207912

RESUMO

Este estudio pretende conocer la relación entre los estados de ánimo en una prueba con y sin mascarilla; y, por otro lado, comprobar si existe relación entre la frustración de necesidades psicológicas básicas y la realización de un test con y sin mascarilla en jugadores de tenis de mesa. Han participado 5 jugadores veteranos, de entre 12 y 16 años. Se emplearon la Course Navette en dos momentos espaciados en 3 semanas, y los cuestionarios Profile of Mood Status (POMS) y Psychological Need Thwarting Scale (PNTS) justo al terminar la prueba. Al realizar la prueba sin mascarilla, se obtienen mayores puntuaciones del cuestionario POMS en la escala de vigor, obteniendo un mayor estado de ánimo, perfil característico del deportista psicológicamente sano. En cuanto a la frustración de necesidades psicológicas básicas, se observó una media ligeramente elevada, siendo éstas predictoras de la variable confusión del estado de ánimo. (AU)


This study aims, on the one hand, to find out the relationship between moods in a test with and without a mask; and on the other, to check if there is a relationship between the frustration of basic psychological needs and the performance of a test with and without a mask in table tennis players. 5 veteran players have participated, between 12 and 16 years old. The Course Navette was used in two moments, spaced 3 weeks apart, and the Profile of Mood Status (POMS) and Psychological Need Thinking Scale (PNTS) questionnaires just at the end of the test. When performing the test without a mask, higher scores are obtained from the POMS questionnaire on the vigor scale, obtaining a higher state of mind, a characteristic profile of a psychologically healthy athlete. Regarding the basic psychological needs. Regarding the frustration of basic psychological needs, a slightly high mean was observed, these being predictors of the variable mood confusion. KeyWords Mood; frustration; athletes; table tennis; basic psychological needs. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Criança , Adolescente , Afeto , Máscaras/efeitos adversos , Frustração , Exercício Físico , Atletas , Estudos de Intervenção , Estudos Longitudinais , Epidemiologia Descritiva
5.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 35(4): 459-464, July-Aug. 2022. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385263

RESUMO

Abstract Background: Hyperthyroidism (Hy) is an endocrine disorder, in which the thyroid hormones markedly alter the cardiac function. Increased myocardial contractility and cardiac output, improvement in diastolic relaxation, changes in electrical activity, increments in ventricular mass, and arrhythmias have been reported. However, the influences of thyroid hormones upon molecular mechanisms of cardiac functions have not yet been fully understood. Objectives: To evaluate changes in cardiac contractile parameters and the Na+/Ca2+ exchanger (NCX) function in induced hyperthyroid rats. Methods: Hy was induced by intraperitoneal injections of T3 (15 μg/100 g) for 10 days. Contractile parameters and NCX function were evaluated in the isolated papillary muscle. Data normality was confirmed by the Shapiro-Wilk test. The comparison between groups was performed through an unpaired Student's t-test. Results are expressed as mean ± SD. The accepted significance level was p < 0.05. Results: Our data revealed, in the Hy group, an increase of 30.98% in the maximum speed of diastolic relaxation (-284.64 ± 70.70 vs. -217.31 ± 40.30 mN/mm2/sec (p = 0.027)) and a boost of 149% in the NCX function in late phase of relaxation (20.17 ± 7.90 vs. 50.22 ± 11.94 minutes (p = 0.002)), with no changes in the maximum twitch force (p = 0.605) or maximum speed of systolic contraction (p = 0.208) when compared to the control. Conclusion: The improvement in relaxation parameters is hypothetically attributed to an increase in Sarco-Endoplasmic Reticulum Ca2+ATPase isoform 2 (SERCA2) expression and an increased calcium flow through L-type channels that boosted the NCX function.


Assuntos
Animais , Masculino , Ratos , Músculos Papilares/fisiologia , Trocador de Sódio e Cálcio/fisiologia , Hipertireoidismo/complicações , Hormônios Tireóideos , Estudos de Intervenção , Ratos Wistar
6.
Rev. int. androl. (Internet) ; 20(3): 196-206, jul.-sept. 2022. tab, mapas
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-205421

RESUMO

Purpose: The aim of this study was to summarize the evidence of radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation (RF-EMR) exposure from wireless devices on total motile sperm count (TMSC) and identify gaps in the literature that could help clarify this link.Materials and methods: A literature search was conducted using PubMed/MEDLINE to find relevant studies examining the effects of EMR on male fertility, with a specific focus on TMSC, published from 2000 to 2019. R was used for data analyses.Results: Motility was identified as the parameter linked to TMSC that was most negatively impacted by EMR exposure. Many gaps were found including geographic and lack of standardization with EMR factors such as exposure time and operating frequency.Conclusion: The EMR emitted by wireless devices may negatively affect TMSC, which is one of the better predictors of achieving pregnancies and impairs male fertility. Our findings highlight the need for clinicians to explore wireless device usage to help guide treatment decisions in men or couples with subfertility concerns. (AU)


Objetivo: El objetivo de este estudio fue resumir la evidencia de la exposición a la radiación electromagnética (EMR) por radiofrecuencia de dispositivos inalámbricos en el recuento total de espermatozoides móviles (TMSC) e identificar brechas en la literatura que podrían ayudar a aclarar este vínculo.Materiales y métodos: Se realizó una búsqueda de literatura en PubMed/MEDLINE para encontrar estudios relevantes que examinaran los efectos de la EMR en la fertilidad masculina, con un enfoque específico en el TMSC, publicados desde 2000 hasta 2019. Se utilizó el programa R para el análisis de datos.Resultados: La motilidad se identificó como el parámetro vinculado al TMSC que se vio más negativamente afectado por la exposición a EMR. Se encontraron muchas lagunas, incluyendo la estandarización geográfica y la falta de estandarización con factores EMR, como el tiempo de exposición y la frecuencia de funcionamiento.Conclusión: La EMR emitida por dispositivos inalámbricos puede afectar negativamente al TMSC, que es uno de los mejores predictores para lograr embarazos y afecta la fertilidad masculina. Nuestros hallazgos ponen de relieve la necesidad de que los médicos exploren el uso de dispositivos inalámbricos para ayudar a guiar las decisiones de tratamiento en hombres o parejas con problemas de subfertilidad. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Animais , Masculino , Camundongos , Ratos , Ciências da Saúde , Radiação Eletromagnética , Fertilidade , Tecnologia sem Fio/tendências , Saúde Reprodutiva , Estudos de Intervenção , Sêmen , Espermatozoides
7.
Enferm. intensiva (Ed. impr.) ; 33(3): 132-140, Jul - Sep 2022. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-206126

RESUMO

Objetivos: Identificar los medicamentos intravenosos de uso común en el ámbito hospitalario con capacidad de producir daño endotelial. Método: Estudio experimental in vitro. La muestra estuvo formada por 62 medicamentos de uso común en los servicios de urgencias y hospitalización. Las variables estudiadas fueron la osmolaridad y el pH. Posteriormente, en base a esos valores, se determinó la capacidad teórica para provocar daño endotelial, clasificándola en alta, moderada y baja. Resultados: Se analizaron 19 medicamentos para fluidoterapia, 21 antibióticos y 22 medicamentos intravenosos. Las soluciones de glucosa, el bicarbonato 1M y el manitol 10% presentaron una capacidad elevada para provocar irritación venosa. Vancomicina, ciprofloxacino, amiodarona, haloperidol y labetalol mostraron una capacidad irritativa elevada derivada de su pH marcadamente ácido. Los antibióticos, dexketoprofeno, diazepam, digoxina, etomidato, fenitoína, levetiracetam y metamizol presentaron valores extremos de osmolaridad en su presentación reconstituida o sin diluir, y mantuvieron sus valores de tonicidad elevados después de diluirlos en 100ml de suero salino el diazepam, la digoxina y la fenitoína. Conclusiones: Conocer el pH y la osmolaridad de los medicamentos intravenosos permite evaluar su capacidad para provocar daño endotelial. La creación de tablas comprensivas en base a las propiedades químicas de los medicamentos puede constituir una herramienta útil que contribuya a prevenir la flebitis químicamente inducida.(AU)


Aims: To identify commonly used intravenous drugs that may produce endothelial damage. Methods: An experimental research study was performed using a sample of 62 intravenous drugs commonly used in emergency care, pH and osmolarity were measured. Subsequently, based on these values, the theoretical capacity to cause irritation or endovascular damage was determined and classified as high, moderate, and low. Results: Samples from 19 drugs for fluid therapy, 21 antibiotics and 22 drugs for intravenous use were studied. Glucose solutions, sodium bicarbonate 1M and mannitol 10% showed a high capacity to cause venous irritation. Vancomycin, ciprofloxacin, amiodarone, haloperidol, and labetalol solution presented a high capacity for irritation based on their acidic pH. The antibiotics, dexketoprofen, diazepam, digoxin, etomidate, phenytoin, levetiracetam and metamizole also showed high osmotic values in their reconstituted or undiluted presentations. Moreover, osmolarity of diazepam, digoxin and phenytoin remained high despite being diluted in 100mL of saline. Conclusions: Knowing the pH and osmolarity of intravenous drugs allows their capacity to cause endothelial damage to be assessed. The use of comprehensive tables based on the chemical properties of the drugs can be a useful tool to help prevent chemically-induced phlebitis.(AU)


Assuntos
Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos , Administração Intravenosa/efeitos adversos , Estudos de Intervenção , Técnicas In Vitro , Endotélio/lesões , Concentração Osmolar , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Flebite , Hidratação , Antibacterianos , Enfermagem de Cuidados Críticos
8.
Enferm. clín. (Ed. impr.) ; 32(4): 279-283, Jul - Ago 2022. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-206160

RESUMO

Objetivo: Explorar los errores más frecuentes de la técnica inhalatoria (pilar para el tratamiento farmacológico de las exacerbaciones de asma y/o enfermedad pulmonar obstructiva crónica) en enfermeras de un servicio de urgencias, y evaluar la eficacia de una intervención educativa. Métodos: Estudio cuasiexperimental prospectivo, realizado en un hospital de Argentina durante 2019. Para la evaluación de enfermeras se utilizaron los pasos del Consenso Separ-Alat. La intervención educativa consistió en explicación oral y demostración visual de la técnica inhalatoria. Se realizó análisis de datos pareados, y se calcularon las frecuencias absolutas y relativas con sus respectivos intervalos de confianza de 95%. Resultados: Se incluyó una muestra consecutiva de 72 enfermeros, de los cuales el 95,83% (IC 95% 88,30-99,13) cometieron al menos un error en la evaluación basal. Los errores más frecuentes fueron la falta de indicación al paciente de espirar previo a la inhalación (83,72%), el olvido de retirar la aerocámara y repetir los pasos antes de la segunda dosis (81,40%). Tras la evaluación inmediata después de recibir la intervención educativa, el 74,42% (IC 95% 58,83-86,49) corrigió la técnica. Sin embargo, al mes el 53,49% (23/43; IC 95% 37,66-68,86) realizaba la técnica correctamente. Conclusiones: La intervención educativa puede ser eficaz para subsanar errores en esta práctica, aunque sus efectos tienden a extinguirse con el tiempo. Por ende, consideramos relevante la educación periódica y sistemática para mantener una técnica de inhalación correcta entre los profesionales.(AU)


Objetive: To explore the most frequent errors of the inhalation technique (main topic for the pharmacological treatment of exacerbations of asthma and/or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) in the nursing staff of an emergency department, and to evaluate the efficacy of an educational intervention. Methods: Prospective quasi-experimental study, carried out in a hospital in Argentina during 2019. For the evaluation of the nursing staff, the steps of the Separ-Alat Consensus were used. The educational intervention consisted of oral explanation and visual demonstration of the inhalation technique. Paired data analysis was performed, and absolute and relative frequencies were calculated with their respective 95% confidence intervals. Results: A consecutive sample of 72 nurses was included, of which 95.83% (95% CI 88.30-99.13) made at least one error in the baseline assessment. The most frequent errors were the lack of indication to the patient to exhale prior to inhalation (83.72%), forgetting to remove the air chamber and repeat the steps before the second dose (81.40%). After immediate evaluation after receiving the educational intervention, 74.42% (95% CI 58.83-86.49) corrected the technique. However, at one month, 53.49% (23/43; 95% CI 37.66-68.86) performed the technique correctly. Conclusions: The educational intervention could be effective in correcting errors in this practice, although its effects tend to fade over time. Therefore, we consider periodic and systematic education relevant to maintain a correct inhalation technique among professionals.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Nebulizadores e Vaporizadores , Pessoal de Saúde , Enfermagem em Saúde Comunitária , Educação em Enfermagem , Capacitação Profissional , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Educação Continuada em Enfermagem , Pneumopatias , Asma , Administração por Inalação , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos de Intervenção , Enfermagem , Argentina , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros
9.
Av. odontoestomatol ; 38(2): 71-75, abr. - jun. 2022. tab, ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-208762

RESUMO

Introducción: Se han realizado con el fin de evaluar la estabilidad dimensional, cada grupo de estudio confecciona su propio aditamento con el fin de determinar si existe o no una variación dimensional de los diferentes materiales de impresión utilizados en la rehabilitación oral. Esta variación va a depender de distintos factores como el tiempo, el material, la temperatura, la humedad entre otros.Objetivo: En este sentido, el objetivo del estudio fue evaluar la estabilidad dimensional de la silicona de adición / polivinilsiloxano (VPS) y para ello se tendrá en cuenta el tiempo.Métodos: Se trata de un estudio experimental. La muestra estuvo conformada por un total de 50 modelos, 25 para VPS Y 25 para el grupo control cuyo material fue la silicona por condensación. Para realizar el estudio se confecciono un modelo maestro teniendo en cuenta 6 localizaciones y 5 periodos de tiempo donde elprimer grupo a los 0 minutos, el segundo grupo a los 20 minutos, el tercer grupo a la 1 hora, cuarto grupo a las 6 horas y el quinto grupo a las 24 horas, después de tomada la impresión.Resultados: Después de la toma de impresión cuando se contabiliza a los 0 minutos, a los 60 minutos, a las 6 horas y a las 24 horas se obtiene el estadístico t ≥ 2,1318 y p≤ 0,05 confirmando que se encuentran diferencias significativas entre las dos siliconas respecto a la variación dimensional.Conclusiones: Se concluye que existe una variación de la estabilidad dimensional al ser comparada con el grupo control como lo es la silicona por condensación. (AU)


Introduction: They have been carried out in order to evaluate dimensional stability, a study group makes its own abutment in order to determine if there is no dimensional variation of the different impression materials used in oral rehabilitation. This variation will depend on different factors such as time, material, temperature, humidity among others.Objective: In this sense, the objective of the study was to evaluate the dimensional stability of the addition silicone / polyvinylsiloxane (VPS) and for this, time will be taken into account.Methods: We went on to an experimental study. The sample consisted of a total of 50 models, 25 for VPS and 25 for the control group whose material was silicone by condensation. To carry out the study, a master model was made taking into account 6 locations and 5 time periods where the first group at 0 minutes, the second group at 20 minutes, the third group at 1 hour, the fourth group at 6 hours and the fifth group at 24 hours, after the impression was taken.Results: After taking the impression when it is counted at 0 minutes, at 60 minutes, at 6 hours and at 24 hours, the statistic t ≥ 2.1318 and p≤ 0.05 is obtained, confirming that there are significant differences between the two silicones with respect to the dimensional variation.Conclusions: It is concluded that there is a variation in dimensional stability when compared with the control group such as silicone by condensation.. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Silicones , Técnicas In Vitro , Elastômeros de Silicone , Precisão da Medição Dimensional , Estudos de Intervenção , Estudos Longitudinais , Estudos Prospectivos
10.
Av. odontoestomatol ; 38(2): 85-89, abr. - jun. 2022. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-208764

RESUMO

Introducción: la presencia de especies fúngicas es evidente en el sistema del conducto radicular dental. Objetivo: comparar la actividad antifúngica in vitro de dos soluciones contra Candida albicans. Metodología: Experimento in vitro. Se aislaron 90 muestras mediante hisopado de mucosa bucal de pacientes con estomatitis subprotésica, distrubuidas en dos grupos: 45 con discos de NaOCl 5,25% y los otros 45 con discos de CHX 2%. Prueba de Shapiro Wilk, p > 0,05 y prueba Levene, p > 0,05. Se usó T de Student para la comparación. Resultados: gluconato de clorhexidina 2% e hipoclorito de sodio 5,25% mostraron actividad antifúngica con halos de inhibición promedio de 24,6 mm y 25,2 mm, respectivamente. Conclusión: No existen diferencias significativas entre los dos agentes estudiados. (AU)


Background: the presence of fungal species is evident in the dental root canal system. Aim: to compare the in vitro antifungal activity of two solutions against Candida albicans. Methos: In vitro experiment. 90 samples were isolated by swabbing the buccal mucosa from patients with subprosthetic stomatitis, distributed in two groups: 45 with 5.25% Na OCl discs and the other 45 with 2% CHX discs. Shapiro Wilk test, p> 0.05 and Levene test, p> 0.05. Student's t was used for comparison. Results: 2% chlorhexidine gluconate and 5.25% sodium hypochlorite antifungal activity with mean inhibition halos of 24.6 mm and 25.2 mm, respectively. Conclusion: There are no significant differences between the two agents studied. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Candida albicans , Clorexidina , Hipoclorito de Sódio , Estudos de Intervenção , Técnicas In Vitro , Estomatite sob Prótese
11.
An. sist. sanit. Navar ; 45(2): [e1004], Jun 29, 2022. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-208795

RESUMO

Fundamento: Analizar la eficacia de una intervención farmacéutica basada en el modelo CMO sobre la adherencia a fármacos biológicos modificadores de la enfermedad (FAME-b) y sobre la experiencia con los profesionales y servicios sanitarios de pacientescon artritis reumatoide, artritis psoriásica y espondilitis anquilosante estratificados según sus necesidades de atención. Material y métodos: Estudio experimental prospectivo, unicéntrico y controlado de once meses de duración. Se incluyeron pacientes con artritis reumatoide, artritis psoriásica y espondilitis anquilosante no adherentes a FAME-b. Se aleatorizaron en grupo control (GC) e intervención (GI), que recibieron atención farmacéutica habitual o basada en CMO, respectivamente. La adherencia basaly final se calculó mediante la ratio media de posesión de medicamentos y las puntuaciones obtenidas en Compliance Questionnaire on Rheumatology y en Morisky Medication Adherence Scale. Para valorar la experiencia basal y final de los pacientes con los profesionales y servicios sanitarios se utilizó el instrumento de Evaluaciónde la Experiencia del Paciente Crónico (IEXPAC). Resultados: En el GI (n=18), solo un paciente fue estratificado como prioridad 1 (5,6%), nueve se estratificaron como prioridad2 (50,0%) y ocho como prioridad 3 (44,4%). Se realizaron 90 intervenciones farmacéuticas (5,1±1,8 intervenciones por paciente). Al finalizar el estudio, el GI mostró respecto del GC más pacientes adherentes (77,8 vs 18,8%; p=0,002) y mayor puntuación IEXPAC (7,6±1,3 vs 5,8±1,1; p <0,001). Conclusiones: La intervención farmacéutica basada en el modelo CMO mejoró significativamente la adherencia a FAME-b y la experiencia de los pacientes con los profesionales y el sistema sanitario.(AU)


Background: We aimed to assess the effectiveness on adherence to treatment with biologic disease modifying antirheumatic drugs (b-DMARD) and experience with providers of healthcare of a CMO pharmaceutical intervention care model in subjects with rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, and ankylosing spondylitis stratified according to their needs. Method: Prospective, single centre randomized controlled study. The study period was eleven months. Non compliant patients withrheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, and ankylosing spondy litis treated with b-DMARD were included. Patients were randomized to a control (CG) or intervention group (IG) who receivedregular or the CMO pharmaceutical intervention model treatment, respectively. Baseline and final adherence were determined using medication possession ratio, the Compliance Questionnaire onRheumatology, and Morisky Medication Adherence Scale. To assess baseline and final patient experience with providers of healthcare we applied the Chronic Patient Experience Assessment Instrument (IEXPAC). Results: For the IG, one patient (5.6%) was categorized as priority1, nine (50.0%) as priority 2, and eight (44.4%) as priority 3. Ninety pharmaceutical interventions were carried out (5.1±1.8 interventions / patient). At the end of the study, the IG showed higherfrequency of patients who adhered to the pharmaceutical intervention (77.8 vs 18.8%; p=0.002) and higher mean IEXPAC score (7.6±1.3 vs 5.8±1.1; p <0.001) in comparison to the CG. Conclusion: The CMO pharmaceutical intervention model significantly improves patient adherence to b-DMARD and their experience with the providers of healthcare.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Cooperação e Adesão ao Tratamento , Doenças Reumáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Produtos Biológicos/administração & dosagem , Artrite Reumatoide , Espondilite Anquilosante , Artrite Psoriásica , Antirreumáticos , Sistemas de Saúde , Espanha , Estudos de Intervenção , Estudos Prospectivos
12.
Fisioterapia (Madr., Ed. impr.) ; 44(3): 154-162, may.-jun. 2022. ilus, tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-203759

RESUMO

Antecedentes: La asociación entre el posicionamiento craneocervical (PCC) y los trastornos temporomandibulares (TTM) ha sido intensamente investigada, pero todavía hay controversias entre clínicos e investigadores. Objetivo: Analizar los cambios en el dolor y el PCC en pacientes con TTM de origen miofascial tratados con terapia miofuncional. Método: Estudio experimental, longitudinal y prospectivo. Se evaluaron 16 pacientes de ambos sexos, edad promedio 31,62±10,61 años, con diagnóstico de TTM de origen miofascial (según los criterios diagnósticos para la investigación de los TTM), que habían recibido 10 sesiones de MAR grado ivde Maitland de la articulación temporomandibular combinadas con el uso de un dispositivo interoclusal de descompresión articular. Antes y después de esa intervención se evaluó: el PCC por fotografía analizada a través del programa SAPO; dolor espontáneo y dolor a la presión. Se analizó la normalidad de las variables mediante la prueba de Shapiro-Wilks. Para las comparaciones antes-después se aplicó la prueba t de Student para muestras pareadas. Se consideró significativo un valor p<0,05. Resultado: Se observó una disminución estadísticamente significativa del dolor espontáneo y a la presión. No se encontraron diferencias en las variables del PCC (p<0,05). Conclusión: Luego del tratamiento con MAR grado iv de Maitland de la articulación temporomandibular y el dispositivo interoclusal de descompresión articular, se observó una disminución estadística y clínicamente significativa del dolor espontáneo y a la presión. No se encontraron diferencias en las variables del PCC.


Background: The association between craniocervical positioning (CCP) and temporomandibular disorders (TMD) has been intensively investigated but there are still controversies between clinicians and researchers. Objective: To analyze the changes in pain and CCP in patients with TMD of myofascial origin treated with myofunctional therapy. Method: Experimental, longitudinal and prospective study. Sixteen patients of both sexes were included, mean age 31.62±10.61 years, with a diagnosis of TMD of myofascial origin (according to diagnostic criteria for investigation of TMD). They received 10 sessions of Maitland grade iv MAR of the temporomandibular joint combined with the use of an interocclusal joint decompression device before and after treatment. The following were evaluated: the PCC by photography analyzed through the SAPO program; spontaneous pain and pain on pressure. The normality of the variables was evaluated using the Shapiro-Wilks Test. For the before-after comparisons, the Student's t test was applied for paired samples. A P<.05 was considered significant. Result: There is a statistically significant decrease in spontaneous pain and pressure. No differences were found in the PCC variables (P<.05). Conclusion: After treatment with Maitland grade iv MAR of the temporomandibular joint and interocclusal joint decompression device, a statistically and clinically significant decrease in spontaneous pain and pressure is shown. No differences were found in the PCC variables.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular/terapia , Terapia Miofuncional , Postura , Síndromes da Dor Miofascial , Estudos de Intervenção , Estudos Longitudinais , Estudos Prospectivos
13.
Rev. esp. cir. ortop. traumatol. (Ed. impr.) ; 66(3): T208-T214, May-Jun 2022. ilus, tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-204977

RESUMO

Introduction: Cement restrictors (CRs) are devices that allow occlusion of the femoral canal in order to obtain greater interdigitation of the cement between the bone and a better pressurization, which generates an increase in the survival of cemented stems. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of the different CRs used and propose a classification of this device. Materials and methods: An experimental study was carried out, where 7 CR references of different designs and manufacturers were taken. Later, tests were carried out on 9 chlorinated polyvinyl chloride tubes for each reference, to achieve a total of 63 tests. Results: In our study, 34.9% of the CRs in ultra high molecular weight polyethylene failed, presenting migration and allowing cement to leak while none of the gelatin RC failed. Conclusion: The RC with an umbrella design proved to be the less effective, presented a higher incidence of migration and cement leakage, while the gelatin CRs were the best performers. Based on the results of this study, an analysis of the CR design was carried out and a classification was proposed that divides these devices into 2 types.(AU)


Introducción: Los restrictores de cemento (RC) son dispositivos que permiten la oclusión del canal femoral con el fin de obtener una mayor interdigitación del cemento en el hueso y una mejor presurización, lo que genera un incremento en la supervivencia de los vástagos cementados. El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar la eficacia de los diferentes RC utilizados y proponer una clasificación de este dispositivo. Materiales y métodos: Se realizó un estudio experimental, donde se tomaron 7 referencias de RC de diferentes diseños y fabricantes. Posteriormente se hicieron pruebas en 9 tubos de policloruro de vinilo clorado por cada referencia para conseguir un total de 63 pruebas. Resultados: El 34,9% de los RC de nuestro estudio presentaron migración y permitieron la fuga de cemento; todos estos RC eran de polietileno de ultra alto peso molecular (PUAPM), mientras que ninguno de los RC de gelatina falló. Conclusión: Los RC con diseño en paraguas demostraron ser los menos eficaces, presentando una mayor incidencia de migración y fuga de cemento, mientras que los RC de gelatina fueron los de mejor desempeño. Basado en los resultados de este estudio, se realizó un análisis del diseño de los RC y se propuso una clasificación que divide estos dispositivos en 2 tipos.(AU)


Assuntos
Estudos de Intervenção , Cimentos Ósseos , Artroplastia , Artroplastia de Quadril , Lesões do Quadril/cirurgia , Traumatologia , Ortopedia
14.
Rev. esp. cir. ortop. traumatol. (Ed. impr.) ; 66(3): 208-214, May-Jun 2022. ilus, tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-204978

RESUMO

Introducción: Los restrictores de cemento (RC) son dispositivos que permiten la oclusión del canal femoral con el fin de obtener una mayor interdigitación del cemento en el hueso y una mejor presurización, lo que genera un incremento en la supervivencia de los vástagos cementados. El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar la eficacia de los diferentes RC utilizados y proponer una clasificación de este dispositivo. Materiales y métodos: Se realizó un estudio experimental, donde se tomaron 7 referencias de RC de diferentes diseños y fabricantes. Posteriormente se hicieron pruebas en 9 tubos de policloruro de vinilo clorado por cada referencia para conseguir un total de 63 pruebas. Resultados: El 34,9% de los RC de nuestro estudio presentaron migración y permitieron la fuga de cemento; todos estos RC eran de polietileno de ultra alto peso molecular (PUAPM), mientras que ninguno de los RC de gelatina falló. Conclusión: Los RC con diseño en paraguas demostraron ser los menos eficaces, presentando una mayor incidencia de migración y fuga de cemento, mientras que los RC de gelatina fueron los de mejor desempeño. Basado en los resultados de este estudio, se realizó un análisis del diseño de los RC y se propuso una clasificación que divide estos dispositivos en 2 tipos.(AU)


Introduction: Cement restrictors (CRs) are devices that allow occlusion of the femoral canal in order to obtain greater interdigitation of the cement between the bone and a better pressurization, which generates an increase in the survival of cemented stems. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of the different CRs used and propose a classification of this device. Materials and methods: An experimental study was carried out, where 7 CR references of different designs and manufacturers were taken. Later, tests were carried out on 9 chlorinated polyvinyl chloride tubes for each reference, to achieve a total of 63 tests. Results: In our study, 34.9% of the CRs in ultra high molecular weight polyethylene failed, presenting migration and allowing cement to leak while none of the gelatin RC failed. Conclusion: The RC with an umbrella design proved to be the less effective, presented a higher incidence of migration and cement leakage, while the gelatin CRs were the best performers. Based on the results of this study, an analysis of the CR design was carried out and a classification was proposed that divides these devices into 2 types.(AU)


Assuntos
Estudos de Intervenção , Cimentos Ósseos , Artroplastia , Artroplastia de Quadril , Lesões do Quadril/cirurgia , Traumatologia , Ortopedia
15.
Rev. int. androl. (Internet) ; 20(2): 73-79, abr.-jun. 2022. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-205403

RESUMO

Purpose: To investigate the effects of combined tadalafil and testosterone usage on oxidative stress, DNA damage and MMPs in testosterone deficiency.Methods: Fifty rats were randomly divided into 5 groups (group-1: sham group-placebo, group-2: bilateral orchiectomy (ORX), group-3: bilateral ORX+tadalafil, group-4: bilateral ORX+testosterone, group-5: bilateral ORX+tadalafil+testosterone). Group-3 received tadalafil (5mg/kg/day, oral). Group-4 was administered testosterone undecanoate (100mg/kg i.m., single dose). Group-5 was administered a combination of tadalafil and testosterone undecanoate. All groups were compared with regard to serum nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase-4 (NOX-4), total thiol, matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2), MMP-3 and MMP-9, tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-1 (TIMP-1) and TIMP-2 and 8-hydroxy-2-deoxy guanosine (8-OHdG) levels.Results: Total thiol levels of group-2 were significantly lower than the other groups and thiol levels were higher in group-1 and group-5 than in the other groups. NOX4, MMP2 and 9 levels in group-2 were higher than in the other groups. MMP-9 levels in group-5 were lower than in groups 3 and 4 (p=.001). The level of 8-OHdG in groups 2 and 3 was higher than in the other groups (p=.001). In correlation analysis, 8-OHdG, MMP2, and 9 levels were negatively correlated with total thiol, whereas NOX4 and 8-OHdG levels were positively correlated with MMPs values.Conclusions: The combination of testosterone with PDE-5 inhibitor suppresses MMP-9 levels and increases total thiol levels better than testosterone alone and tadalafil alone. Therefore, testosterone can be considered for use with PDE-5 inhibitor from the initial stage in case of testosterone deficiency. (AU)


Objetivo: Investigar los efectos del uso combinado de tadalafil y testosterona en cuanto a estrés oxidativo, daño del ADN y metaloproteinasas de la matriz (MMPs) en la deficiencia de testosterona.Métodos: Se dividió aleatoriamente a cincuenta ratas en cinco grupos (grupo-1: grupo de simulación-placebo, grupo-2: orquiectomía bilateral (ORX), grupo-3: ORX bilateral+tadalafil, grupo-4: ORX bilateral+testosterona, grupo-5: ORX bilateral+tadalafil+testosterona). El grupo 3 recibió tadalafil (5mg/kg/day, oral). El Grupo 4 recibió undecanoato de testosterona (100mg/kg i.m, dosis única). El Grupo 5 recibió una combinación de tadalafil y undecanoato de testosterona. Se comparó a todos los grupos con respecto a los niveles séricos de nicotinamida adenina dinucleótido fosfato oxidasa-4 (NOX-4), tiol total, metaloproteinasa de la matriz 2 (MMP-2), MMP-3 y MMP-9, inhibidor tisular de metaloproteinasas-1 (TIMP-1) y TIMP-2, y 8-hidroxi-2-deoxi guanosina (8-OHdG).Resultados: Los niveles totales de tiol del grupo 2 fueron significativamente menores que en el resto de grupos, y los niveles de tiol fueron mayores del grupo 1 y el grupo 5 con respecto a los demás grupos. Los niveles de NOX4, MMP2 y 9 en el grupo 2 fueron mayores que los del resto de grupos. Los niveles de MMP-9 del grupo 5 fueron menores que los de los grupos 3 y 4 (p=0,001). El nivel de 8-OHdG de los grupos 2 y 3 fue mayor que los del resto de grupos (p=0,001). En el análisis de correlación, los niveles de 8-OHdG, MMP2, y 9 guardaron una correlación negativa con tiol total, mientras que los niveles de NOX4 y 8-OHdG se correlacionaron positivamente con los valores de MMPs.Conclusiones: La combinación de testosteronay el inhibidor de PDE-5 suprime los niveles de MMP-9 e incrementa los niveles totales de tiol, de mejor manera que testosterona y tadalafilen solitario. Por tanto, puede considerarse el uso de testosterona con el inhibidor de PDE-5 en las etapas iniciales de deficiencia de testosterona. (AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Ratos , Testosterona/uso terapêutico , Inibidores de Fosfodiesterase/uso terapêutico , Estudos de Intervenção , Estresse Oxidativo , Metaloproteinases da Matriz , Dano ao DNA
16.
Porto; s.n; 20220216. il., tab..
Tese em Português | BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1379656

RESUMO

Enquadramento: As quedas nas pessoas idosas representam o principal motivo de admissão ao serviço de urgência, de incapacidade, de institucionalização e morte. Face ao impacte que a queda pode ter na saúde e qualidade de vida da pessoa idosa e aos elevados custos que lhe estão associados, vários programas de intervenção têm sido implementados, visando a sua prevenção no contexto comunitário. O objetivo desta pesquisa foi identificar a evidência produzida sobre os programas/as intervenções que se têm revelado eficazes na prevenção de quedas, em idosos com 75 e mais anos, não institucionalizados. Metodologia: Foi realizada uma revisão sistemática da literatura, conduzida segundo as orientações do grupo Cochrane. Para esta pesquisa foram considerados estudos que cumprissem os seguintes critérios: i) participantes com idade ≥ 75 anos, residentes na comunidade, com capacidade cognitiva e independência nas AVD´s, ii) intervenções únicas ou multifacetadas dirigidas à prevenção das quedas, iii) estudos experimentais, quasi-experimentais (com grupo controlo) e RSL. A pesquisa foi realizada nas bases de dados EBSCO HOST, SCOPUS e Web of Science, entre abril e maio de 2021. Foram considerados ainda estudos em português, inglês e espanhol, publicados após 2015. Para a apresentação da seleção dos estudos recorreu-se ao fluxograma PRISMA. A análise dos estudos, a extração dos dados e a avaliação da qualidade metodológica foi realizada por dois revisores independentes. Resultados: Dos 416 estudos inicialmente identificados, com base nos critérios pré-definidos e após análise dos mesmos, nenhum estudo foi selecionado. Conclusão: A não identificação de estudos primários que respondam à questão orientadora da revisão é um achado relevante para a comunidade científica, pois indicia lacunas no conhecimento sobre a problemática no grupo populacional em estudo. Para uma tomada de decisão baseada na melhor evidência, emerge a necessidade de estudos de desenho experimental, para responder a questões sobre eficácia de uma intervenção terapêutica.


Framework: Falls in the elderly represent the main reason for admission to the emergency service, disability, institutionalization and death. Given the impact that a fall can have on the health and quality of life of the elderly and the high costs associated with it, several intervention programs have been implemented, aiming at its prevention in the community context. The objective of this research was to identify the evidence produced about the programs/interventions that have proven to be effective in preventing falls, in non-institutionalized elderly people aged 75 and over. Methodology: A systematic review of the literature was carried out, conducted according to the guidelines of the Cochrane group. For this research, studies that met the following criteria were considered: i) participants aged ≥ 75 years, living in the community, with cognitive capacity and independence in ADLs, ii) single or multifaceted interventions aimed at preventing falls, iii) studies experimental, quasi-experimental (with control group) and RSL. The research was carried out in the EBSCO HOST, SCOPUS and Web of Science databases, between April and May 2021. Studies in Portuguese, English and Spanish, published after 2015 were also considered. PRISMA flowchart. Study analysis, data extraction and assessment of methodological quality were performed by two independent reviewers. Results: Of the 416 studies initially identified, based on predefined criteria and after their analysis, no study was selected. Conclusion: The non-identification of primary studies that answer the guiding question of the review is a relevant finding for the scientific community, as it indicates gaps in knowledge about the problem in the population group under study. For decision-making based on the best evidence, the need for experimental design studies to answer questions about the effectiveness of a therapeutic intervention emerges.


Assuntos
Humanos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Acidentes por Quedas , Estudos de Intervenção
17.
Rehabilitación (Madr., Ed. impr.) ; 56(1): 47-55, Ene - Mar 2022. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-204888

RESUMO

Introducción: En pacientes con artrosis de rodilla se ha identificado un 30% de asociación de dolor de sensibilización central (DSC). El objetivo es analizar la persistencia de DSC en pacientes tras artroplastia de rodilla y su correlación con la intensidad del dolor, funcionalidad y los factores determinantes asociados, además de evaluar la exploración física como instrumento de valoración. Material y métodos: Estudio cuasiexperimental antes-después de pacientes intervenidos de artroplastia total de rodilla. Se analiza la evolución de variables subjetivas (características del dolor, cuestionarios painDETECT, WOMAC y escala visual numérica) y de exploración física (hiperalgesia térmica, alodinia, hipoestesia, algometría y goniometría), tres meses antes y tres y seis meses después de la cirugía mediante el test de ANOVA de medidas repetidas para las cuantitativas y el Q de Cochran para las cualitativas. Se utilizó la prueba de Spearman para la correlación de los cuestionarios, del PD-Q y variables de exploración y para el modelo multivariante del PD-Q con determinantes clínicos. Resultados: Sesenta y siete pacientes completaron el estudio. La evolución de las variables cuantitativas y cualitativas fue significativa, con correlación entre cuestionarios. En el modelo multivariante lineal de PD-Q se obtuvo relación significativa de antecedentes de limitación movilidad en flexión, dolor musculoesquelético crónico y la asociación de depresión y tiempo. Conclusiones: Un porcentaje significativo de pacientes con artrosis de rodilla tras artroplastia persistieron con probable DSC, correlacionándose con intensidad y funcionalidad. La limitación de movilidad y comorbilidad crónica previas podrían ser determinantes de DSC, siendo la exploración y anamnesis, herramientas útiles en consulta.(AU)


IntroductionIn patients with knee osteoarthritis, a group of 30% has been identified with central pain sensitization (CPS). The aim is to analyze the persistence of CPS in patients after knee arthroplasty and its correlation with pain intensity, functionality, determining factors and to evaluate physical examination as an assessment instrument.Material and methodsQuasi-experimental before–after study of patients operated on total knee arthroplasty. The evolution of subjective variables (pain characteristics, painDETECT questionnaire, WOMAC and Numerical Rating Scale) and physical examination (thermal hyperalgesia, allodynia, hypoesthesia, algometry and goniometry) 3 months before and 3 and 6 months after surgery are analysed using repeated measures ANOVA test for the quantitative ones and Cochran's Q for the qualitative ones. Spearmen test was used for the correlation of the questionnaires, the PD-Q and exploration variables and for the multivariate model of the PD-Q with clinical determinants. Results: Sixty-seven patients completed the study. The evolution of the quantitative and qualitative variables was significant, with a correlation between questionnaires. In the linear multivariate model of PD-Q, a significant relationship was obtained from personal history of flexion limitation, chronic musculoskeletal pain and the association between depression and time. Conclusions: A significant percentage of patients with knee osteoarthritis after arthroplasty persisted with probable CPS, correlating with intensity and functionality. The limitation of mobility and previous chronic comorbidity could be determinants of CPS, with anamnesis and exploration being useful tools in consultation.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sensibilização do Sistema Nervoso Central , Artropatias , Osteoartrite do Joelho/diagnóstico , Osteoartrite do Joelho/terapia , Artroplastia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Exame Físico , Hiperalgesia , Hipestesia , Reabilitação , Estudos de Intervenção , Dor
18.
Rev. int. androl. (Internet) ; 20(1): 1-10, ene.-mar. 2022. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-205393

RESUMO

Background: We previously postulated that orgasmic sensation may occur through recently discovered genital taste bud-like structures. The interaction between the pudendal nerve and Onuf's nucleus may be important for developing orgasmic information. The study aims to investigate whether ischemic damage to Onuf's nucleus-pudendal network following spinal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) causes taste bud degeneration or not.Methods: The study was conducted on 22 fertile male rabbits who were divided into three groups: control (GI; n=5), SHAM (GII; n=5) and study (GIII; n=12). Isotonic solution, .7cm3, for the SHAM, and .7cm3 homologous blood was injected into spinal subarachnoid spaces at S2 level of the study group. Two weeks later, Onuf's nucleus, pudendal ganglia and the taste bud-like structures of the penile urethra were examined histopathologically. Degenerated neuron densities of Onuf's nucleus, pudendal ganglia and atrophic taste bud-like structures were estimated per mm3 and the results analyzed statistically.Results: The mean degenerated neuron densities of taste bud-like structures, Onuf's nucleus and pudendal ganglia were estimated as 2±1/mm3, 5±1/mm3, 6±2/mm3 in GI; 12±4/mm3, 35±9/mm3, 188±31/mm3, in GII and 41±8/mm3, 215±37/mm3, 1321±78/mm3, in GIII. Spinal SAH induced neurodegeneration in Onuf's nucleus, pudendal ganglia and taste bud atrophy was significantly different between GI/GII (p<.005); GII/GIII (p<.0005) and GI/GIII (p<.0001). (AU)


Antecedentes: Hemos postulado previamente que la sensación orgásmica puede producirse a través de las recientemente descubiertas estructuras de tipo papila gustativa de los genitales. La interacción entre el nervio pudendo y el núcleo de Onuf puede ser importante para desarrollar información orgásmica. El objetivo del estudio fue estudiar si el daño isquémico a la red núcleo-ganglios pudendos de Onuf tras una hemorragia subaracnoidea espinal (HSA) puede causar o no una degeneración de las estructuras de tipo papila gustativa.Métodos: El estudio fue realizado en 22 conejos fértiles que se dividieron en 3 grupos: control (GI; n=5), placebo (GII; n=5) y de etudio (GIII; n=12). Se inyectaron 0,7cc de solución isotónica a los miembros del grupo placebo, y 0,7cc de sangre homóloga en los espacios subaracnoideos espinales a nivel de S2, al grupo de estudio. Al cabo de 2 semanas se examinaron histopatológicamente el núcleo de Onuf, los ganglios pudendos y las estructuras de tipo papila gustativa de la uretra. Se calcularon por mm3 las densidades de las neuronas degeneradas del núcleo de Onuf, los ganglios pudendos y las estructuras atróficas de tipo papila gustativa, analizándose estadísticamente los resultados.Resultados: Las densidades medias de las neuronas degeneradas de las estructuras de tipo papila gustativa, el núcleo de Onuf y los ganglios pudendos se calcularon como 2±1, 5±1, 6±2/mm3 en GI; 12±4, 35±9, 188±31 en GII y 41±8, 215±37, 1321±78/mm3, en GIII. La neurodegeneración inducida de HSA en el núcleo de Onuf, los ganglios pudendos y la atrofia de las papilas gustativas fue significativamente diferente entre los grupos GI/GII (p<0,005); GII/GIII (p<0,0005) y GI/GIII (p<0,0001). (AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Coelhos , Ciências da Saúde , Papilas Gustativas , Uretra , Hemorragia Subaracnóidea , Estudos de Intervenção , Nervo Pudendo
19.
J. Phys. Educ. (Maringá) ; 33: e3334, 2022. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385998

RESUMO

ABSTRACT The aim of the present study was to find out the effect of varied plyometric training (land plyometric training, aqua plyometric training and weighted vest aqua-plyometric training) on anaerobic power of school athletes. A total of forty eight (n= 48) district level school athletes were randomly selected. All the subjects were divided into four equal groups: i) land plyometric training group (n=12), ii) aqua plyometric training group (n=12), iii) aqua-plyometric training with weighted vest group (n=12) and iv) control group (n=12). The varied plyometric training was intervened for fourteen weeks in the respective training groups. In the present study, anaerobic power was considered as the dependent variable, and it was measured by Margaria-Kalamen power test. To draw statistical inferences on anaerobic power among the groups in pre and post intervention conditions, ANCOVA was used, followed by Tukey's LSD post-hoc test. The significance of the means was tested at the 0.05 level. Different plyometric training groups improved significantly with respect to the control group in anaerobic power. Therefore, various plyometric training was found as an effective means for developing anaerobic power. A significant difference was also observed between the aqua-plyometric training with weighted vest group and land plyometric training group in anaerobic power. However, rest of the experimental groups didn't differ significantly. Aqua-plyometric training with weighted vest is a more effective training method than land plyometric training for improving the anaerobic power of the school athletes.


RESUMO O objetivo do presente estudo foi descobrir o efeito do treinamento pliométrico variado (treinamento pliométrico terrestre, treinamento aquapliométrico e treinamento aquapliométrico com colete ponderado) na potência anaeróbica de atletas escolares. Um total de quarenta e oito (n= 48) atletas escolares de nível distrital foram selecionados aleatoriamente. Todos os sujeitos foram divididos em quatro grupos iguais: i) grupo treinamento pliométrico terrestre (n=12), ii) grupo treinamento aquapliométrico (n=12), iii) grupo treinamento aquapliométrico com colete ponderado (n=12) e iv) grupo controle (n=12). O treino pliométrico variado foi intervencionado durante quatorze semanas nos respectivos grupos de treino. No presente estudo, a potência anaeróbia foi considerada como variável dependente e foi mensurada pelo teste de potência de Margaria-Kalamen. Para fazer inferências estatísticas sobre a potência anaeróbica entre os grupos nas condições pré e pós-intervenção, foi utilizada a ANCOVA, seguida do teste post-hoc de Tukey LSD. A significância das médias foi testada no nível 0,05. Diferentes grupos de treinamento pliométrico melhoraram significativamente em relação ao grupo controle na potência anaeróbica. Portanto, vários treinamentos pliométricos foram encontrados como um meio eficaz para o desenvolvimento da potência anaeróbica. Uma diferença significativa também foi observada entre o grupo de treinamento aquapliométrico com colete ponderado e o grupo de treinamento pliométrico terrestre na potência anaeróbica. No entanto, o resto dos grupos experimentais não diferiram significativamente. O treinamento aquapliométrico com colete ponderado é um método de treinamento mais eficaz do que o treinamento pliométrico terrestre para melhorar a potência anaeróbica dos atletas escolares.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adolescente , Atletas/educação , Exercício Pliométrico/métodos , Educação Física e Treinamento/métodos , Exercício Físico , Estudos de Intervenção , Tutoria/métodos , Esportes Aquáticos/educação , Treino Aeróbico/métodos
20.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 22: e210080, 2022. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1386816

RESUMO

Abstract Objective: To assess the antibacterial activity of Psidium guajava fractions and their effects on adhesion of a multispecies biofilm consisting of Streptococcus gordonii, Fusobacterium nucleatum, and Porphyromonas gingivalis in vitro. Material and Methods: Guava leaves were obtained from the mountains of northern Peru, where they grow wild and free of pesticides. The antimicrobial activity of 25 mg/mL petroleum ether, 25 mg/mL dichloromethane and 25 mg/mL methanol fractions of P. guajava was evaluated by measuring inhibition halos, as well as the effect on the adhesion of multispecies biofilms at 4, 7 and 10 days of growth by measuring the optical density. In addition, antimicrobial susceptibility was compared using the Kruskal-Wallis test and its multiple comparison tests, and differences in mean biofilm adhesion between each fraction were assessed by repeated measures analysis and the Tukey multiple comparison test. Results: The rank-based Kruskal-Wallis test highlighted differences in the effects of the fractions on the zone of inhibition for each oral bacterium, including S. gordonii (p=0.000), F. nucleatum (p=0.000), and P. gingivalis (p=0.000), the Tukey test showed that the group treated with 0.12% chlorhexidine exhibited the least amount of adhesion, followed by the group treated with the 1.56 mg/mL methanol fraction. Conclusion: The methanol fraction of P. guajava had an antibacterial effect on S. gordonii and P. gingivalis, and the 1.56 mg/mL methanol fraction decreased biofilm adhesion.


Assuntos
Periodontite/microbiologia , Biofilmes , Psidium/química , Streptococcus gordonii/patogenicidade , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Infecções Estreptocócicas , Técnicas In Vitro , Estudos de Intervenção , Análise de Variância
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