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1.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 28: e33123, jan.-dez. 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1096012

RESUMO

Objetivo: analisar as repercussões do trabalho docente na saúde nos professores de enfermagem. Método: estudo qualitativo e descritivo realizado com 27 docentes de duas universidades públicas federais do Rio de Janeiro. A coleta de dados ocorreu por meio de entrevista semiestruturada e a técnica utilizada para o tratamento dos dados foi a análise temática de conteúdo. Resultados: devido às novas configurações do trabalho docente, que pressiona por alta demanda laboral e, por sua vez, oferece inadequadas condições de trabalho, esta atividade favorece ao adoecimento desses profissionais, que em contrapartida, relegam a segundo plano o cuidado com a própria saúde. Conclusão: compromissos exigidos no dia a dia e a falta de qualidade no trabalho tornam a vida do docente cada vez mais afastada do seu autocuidado e com elevado potencial para o adoecimento.


Objective: to analyze the repercussions of teaching work on the health of nursing professors. Method: qualitative and descriptive study with 27 teachers from two federal public universities in Rio de Janeiro. The data collection took place through a semi-structured interview and the technique used for the data treatment was the thematic content analysis. Results: due to the new configurations of the teaching work, which presses for high labor demand and, in turn, offers inadequate working conditions, this profession favors the teaching sickness, which, on the other hand, relegate health care to the background. Conclusion: commitments required on a daily basis and lack of quality in the work make the life of the teacher increasingly removed from their self-care and with high potential for illness. Descriptors: Faculty; occupational health; education, nursing; working conditions.


Objetivo: analizar las repercusiones del trabajo docente en la salud de los profesores de enfermería. Método: estudio cualitativo y descriptivo realizado con 27 maestros de dos universidades públicas federales de Río de Janeiro. La recolección de datos ocurrió por medio de entrevista semiestructurada y la técnica utilizada para el tratamiento de los datos fue el análisis temático de contenido. Resultados: debido a las nuevas configuraciones del trabajo docente, que presiona por alta demanda laboral y, a su vez, ofrece inadecuadas condiciones de trabajo, esta profesión favorece al enfermo docente, que en contrapartida, relegan a segundo plano el cuidado con la propia salud. Conclusión: compromisos exigidos en el día a día y la falta de calidad en el trabajo hacen la vida del docente cada vez más alejada de su autocuidado y con elevado potencial para la enfermedad.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Universidades , Condições de Trabalho , Processo Saúde-Doença , Saúde do Trabalhador , Docentes de Enfermagem/psicologia , Brasil , Epidemiologia Descritiva , Setor Público , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Equilíbrio Trabalho-Vida
3.
PLoS One ; 15(9): e0238658, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32986733

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Digitalisation affects 90% of healthcare. Digital health, however, does not only refer to technological transformation but also has considerable cultural and social consequences. It fundamentally reshapes the roles of physicians and patients, as well as their relationship. Moreover, from the second half of the 20th century, the growing number of chronic patients and the increase in life expectancy have posed new challenges to the medical workforce. OBJECTIVES: To explore the digitally engaged physician's knowledge and attitudes towards digital health technologies and the transformation of the doctor-patient relationship. METHODS: A qualitative interview study analysed with Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA). The study is based on qualitative, semi-structured interviews with 11 digitally engaged physicians from 9 countries. We identified four main themes emerging from e-physicians' responses and experience: 1) the past: intentions and experiences of change, 2) the present: the role of digital health and technology in the medical practice and their everyday challenges, 3) the present: the practical and ideal physician-patient relationship, and 4) the future: skills and competencies needed for working with e-patients and visions about the future of the medical practice. RESULTS: The interviewed physicians state that digital health solutions could create a deeper doctor-patient relationship: knowledgeable patients are a huge help in the joint work effort and technology is the main tool for creating a more involved and responsible patient. Medical professionals in the future might rather get a role as a translator between technical data and the patient; as a guide in the jungle of digital health. However, the interviewed physicians also noted that digital transition today is more beneficial to patients than to their doctors. CONCLUSIONS: We state that digitally engaged physicians are characterized by a kind of dichotomy: they use digital opportunities enthusiastically, but they also feel the difficulties related to digital health.


Assuntos
Tecnologia Biomédica , Transição Epidemiológica , Médicos , Adulto , Competência Clínica , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Relações Médico-Paciente , Profissionalismo , Telemedicina , Equilíbrio Trabalho-Vida
4.
PLoS One ; 15(9): e0238635, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32956356

RESUMO

Women can play a pivotal role in the progress and sustainability of the world if they are empowered through education and employment opportunities in Science, technology, innovation and through changing the social stereotypes that restrain them in certain workplaces. In the literature, few recently published studies exist that document the challenges faced by female scientists in their workplaces. The purpose of this study was to understand the challenges and coping strategies faced by female scientists around the world today, in order to contribute to their improved performance. A multi-centre electronic cross-sectional survey across 55 countries was conducted to profile female scientists and to identify the challenges that they experience throughout their career as well as the coping mechanisms that they use to overcome the barriers. A total of 263 female scientists from different countries across the world participated in our study and most participants were from the South East Asian Region. Most female scientists in our study belong to the middle and junior level career category and earning around 1250 USD per month. Most of the scientists reported availability of maternity leave at their workplace but less than a third reported presence of a creche at work. Workplace sexual harassment was reported by 24% of the study population. Work related stress (71.5%) and work life imbalance (46%) are also major challenges faced by female scientists. Self-confidence, dedication and hard work are the most commonly adopted coping strategy. Flexible work timings, woman-friendly management policies, fair appraisal and mentorship appear to reduce the work-related stress and improve work-life balance among female scientists. In conclusion, female scientists face numerous challenges, which can greatly affect both their individual and career growth. Intrinsic (personal) and extrinsic (institutional) factors are important for improving female scientists' wellbeing and productivity.


Assuntos
Adaptação Psicológica , Estresse Ocupacional/psicologia , Pesquisadores/psicologia , Adulto , Escolha da Profissão , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Felicidade , Humanos , Equilíbrio Trabalho-Vida , Local de Trabalho
6.
Health Qual Life Outcomes ; 18(1): 287, 2020 Aug 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32831092

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to examine the relationship between working hours and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in men and to determine whether this relationship was mediated by sleep duration and self-rated health (SRH). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Our study population included 2141 working men aged 20 to 49 years old from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2016-2017. Working hours, SRH, and HRQOL were measured by a structured questionnaire survey. Sleep duration was calculated based on self-reported data. We investigated the association between working hours and HRQOL and performed a mediation analysis to evaluate the contributions of sleep duration and poor SRH to this relationship. RESULTS: This study identified a significant association between working hours and HRQOL. Long working hours directly and indirectly affected HRQOL through poor SRH. Men who overworked were more likely to report poor HRQOL due to worsened SRH. Poor SRH was responsible for 26.3% of this relationship. But sleep duration did not explain the relationship between working hours and HRQOL. CONCLUSIONS: Working hours were directly associated with HRQOL in men. Furthermore, there was an indirect effect of working hours on HRQOL mediated by poorer SRH. An improved work-life balance is necessary to promote men's health and quality of life.


Assuntos
Nível de Saúde , Qualidade de Vida , Sono , Equilíbrio Trabalho-Vida , Adulto , Idoso , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos Nutricionais , República da Coreia , Autorrelato , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
8.
Med Arch ; 74(3): 210-215, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32801438

RESUMO

Introduction: Several research studies have started to investigate the health conditions of medical doctors and nurses in order to find a relationship if any between their work environment, their usually heavy duties and the result of these two parametric on patients' health. Aim: The present research study is an effort to investigate the relationship between the physical activity and sleep disorders among health care professionals, particularly among medical doctors and nurses. Methods: Participants of the study were asked to fill a questionnaire which was a mixture of other internationally accredited questionnaires regarding physical activity level as well as sleeping functions. Data were collected among 204 physicians and nurses. The statistical analysis revealed a correlation between physical activity and some aspects of sleep disorders. Results: A total number of 204 questionnaires have been distributed to medical doctors and nurses working in public hospitals in Athens Greece from the middle of February until the middle of April 2020. The hospitals were assigned by the health authorities to the fight of the pandemic of COVID 19. The majority of the participants were women 71,3% and 28,7% were men. From a total of 204 half of them were medical doctors and half of them were nurses. 43% were married, 49% were single and 8% were divorced and there were no widows. Regarding the participant nurses, 43% had a university degree and 38,4% had a technological education degree. The results of the statistical analysis showed that there are positive correlations between the level of physical activity during the daily work and the free time of the participants with parameters that are related to sleep disorders. Conclusion: The sample of the study was not a large one but nevertheless a stressful situation such as is the epidemic of COVID19 can provide useful information in order to better understand the relationship between physical activity and sleeping disorders in such working conditions.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Exercício Físico , Médicos Hospitalares , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital , Estresse Ocupacional , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília , Adulto , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Betacoronavirus , Exercício Físico/fisiologia , Exercício Físico/psicologia , Feminino , Grécia/epidemiologia , Médicos Hospitalares/psicologia , Médicos Hospitalares/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/psicologia , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/estatística & dados numéricos , Estresse Ocupacional/etiologia , Estresse Ocupacional/fisiopatologia , Pandemias , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/diagnóstico , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/fisiopatologia , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Equilíbrio Trabalho-Vida , Carga de Trabalho
9.
Crit Care Nurs Q ; 43(4): 400-406, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32833776

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic has introduced us to new challenges with personal protective equipment, long shifts, and changes in regular routines. This has placed a tremendous stress on health care workers. This article defines the various health care worker challenges, both at the bedside and on a personal front. Therapeutic strategies are discussed.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Humanos , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem/psicologia , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem/provisão & distribução , Equipamento de Proteção Individual/provisão & distribução , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia , Equilíbrio Trabalho-Vida , Carga de Trabalho/psicologia , Carga de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32635500

RESUMO

Maintaining a healthy work-life balance is important for both males and females. Nevertheless, gender segregation still exists in labor markets in South Korea. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate differences in occupational characteristics, job quality indices, and work-life balance between male and female employees. This study was a secondary analysis of the data collected through the fifth Korean Working Conditions Survey in South Korea. Generalized ordinal logistic regression analysis was carried out to investigate the associations between job quality indices and work-life balance of employees by gender. The job quality indices were different according to gender. Male employees were mainly affected by working time quality and work intensity, while female employees were affected by both these factors and by the physical environment. Therefore, strategies differentiated by gender are necessary to improve work-life balance. In particular, more careful attention should be paid to female workers' physical environment.


Assuntos
Emprego/psicologia , Satisfação no Emprego , Ocupações , Apoio Social , Estresse Psicológico , Equilíbrio Trabalho-Vida , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Saúde do Trabalhador , República da Coreia , Fatores Sexuais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Carga de Trabalho , Adulto Jovem
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32586024

RESUMO

Survey data from 226 service employees were used to test the hypothesized moderating role of chronic self-regulatory focus on the relationships between work-family conflict (WFC) and challenge/hindrance strain. A follow-up scenario-based experiment (N = 93 executives) confirmed the results of the hypothesized model. Results from the two studies together demonstrated the moderating role of self-regulatory processes: chronic promotion-focused individuals perceived WFC as a challenge-type strain, while chronic prevention-focused individuals viewed WFC as a hindrance-type strain. Individuals use self-regulation strategically: in work domains, they regulate themselves so that family does not interfere with work. Individuals' stress perceptions differ depending on the two dimensions of WFC as they regard interferences from (WIF) as a personal challenge, perhaps affording them an opportunity to balance work and life and to refine their abilities, but interferences from family to work (FIW) act as a barrier preventing them from achieving career success. When two-way interactions between WIF/FIW and chronic promotion/prevention foci were taken into consideration, the WIF/FIW main effects on challenge/hindrance stress became insignificant, suggesting that chronic self-regulation fully moderated the relationship. The results extend the current work-family research by incorporating self-regulatory processes as an important moderating variable, suggesting new research directions. The findings can help human resource management establish policies and benefit programs that take individual differences into account.


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/psicologia , Conflito Familiar , Estresse Psicológico , Equilíbrio Trabalho-Vida , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários , Recursos Humanos
16.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 68: 57-66, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32569816

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Present day medical students are inherently different from those in the past by growing up in a uniquely different environment that shapes their personal and professional values which affects their career decisions. Vascular surgery (VS) task force is facing a shortage in the near future. The purpose of this analysis is to gain a better understanding of the medical students' perceptions about surgery in general and VS in particular. Our institution is a large, tertiary care medical center, which is in a nonurban location. Our goal was to identify any barriers in the recruitment of prospective students to VS and to implement directives to address such barriers. METHODS: An online questionnaire was distributed to Penn State Hershey College of Medicine medical students. Our institution has an established 0 + 5 VS residency program and a VS interest group. It was designed to understand potential barriers in the recruitment of medical students choosing VS as a career. Survey consisted of 23 questions, which were carefully designed to collect information about student demographics, interest in medical profession in general, opinions about the field of surgery, and reasons for having an interest or no interest in VS. RESULTS: Five hundred sixty medical students at Penn State Hershey College of Medicine were surveyed, of whom 143 (26%) completed the survey. About 58.7% were females and two-thirds of the respondents were in the age range of 21-25 years. The following factors were significantly associated with pursing surgical career: Medical Student Year III (odds ratio [OR] 0.36, confidence interval [CI] 0.19-0.69), surgical mentorship (OR 6.01, CI 1.30-28), wanting more exposure to VS (OR 6.15, CI 2.07-18.23), and opportunity to complete training within 5 years (OR 1.14, CI 1.03-1.25) (all P < 0.05). Specifically, for VS, following factors were found to be associated with increased likelihood of choosing a VS career: variety of operative cases, ability to operate on multiple anatomic areas of the body, and opportunity to complete training within 5 years (all P < 0.05). Following factors were associated with not choosing a VS career: surgical career not for me, long duration of surgical training, financial aid burden, marital status, and complexity of operations (all P < 0.05). Students cited following concerns for choosing a surgical career: burnout (61%), stress (12.8%), work hours (12.1%), and stressful life style (5.7%). CONCLUSIONS: Potential barriers of students in choosing a surgical career are fundamentally grounded in their overall perception of surgery but are independently associated with their level of education (medical student-III versus others), strong surgical mentorship, the desire to be exposed to VS, and the opportunity to complete subspecialty surgical training within 5 years. For VS, attractive factors were variety of operative cases, ability to operate on multiple anatomic areas of the body, and opportunity to complete training within 5 years. Overall, burnout associated with surgical career is the most common concern for medical students.


Assuntos
Escolha da Profissão , Estudantes de Medicina/psicologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares , Centros Médicos Acadêmicos , Adulto , Esgotamento Profissional/etiologia , Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pennsylvania , Serviços de Saúde Suburbana , Inquéritos e Questionários , Centros de Atenção Terciária , Equilíbrio Trabalho-Vida , Carga de Trabalho , Adulto Jovem
19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32575807

RESUMO

The impacts of the work-life balance arrangement on organisational performance is a growing concern amongst researchers and practitioners. This study synthesised 202 records from 58 published papers to evaluate the relationship between the work-life balance arrangement and organisational performance by means of a meta-analysis. The organisational performance was measured based on six perspectives, including career motivation, employee attendance, employee recruitment, employee retention, organisational commitment, and productivity. The results showed a positive relationship between the work-life balance arrangement and organisational performance (OR: 1.181, 95% CI: 1.125-1.240, p < 0.001). Of the six perspectives, only career motivation, employee attendance, employee recruitment, and employee retention were significantly associated with the work-life balance arrangement. The moderators affecting the relationship between the work-life balance arrangement and organisational performance were gender, sector, and employee hierarchy. The results provide theoretical suggestions on the effectiveness of the work-life balance arrangement in terms of the six perspectives related to organisational performance.


Assuntos
Equilíbrio Trabalho-Vida , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Motivação , Organizações
20.
Asia Pac J Public Health ; 32(5): 250-257, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32551984

RESUMO

This study investigated the relationships between received neighboring behavior (i.e., informal mutual assistance and information sharing among neighbors) and the general health of low-income residents in a mixed-income community. A conservation resource theory perspective was applied. Survey data were selected from a self-reported questionnaire of 247 low-income residents in a mixed-income community of China. A 2-wave panel design was used to test the hypothesized relationships among the studied variables, and the interval between both measurements was 5 weeks. Structural equation modeling was adopted to examine the proposed hypotheses. The findings showed that received neighboring behavior decreased individual work-family conflict, while showing no significant differences between the mediating effects of work-family conflict. This study has important implications for neighbor behavior and work-family conflict.


Assuntos
Conflito Psicológico , Nível de Saúde , Comportamento de Ajuda , Características de Residência , Equilíbrio Trabalho-Vida , Adulto , China , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pobreza , Teoria Psicológica , Inquéritos e Questionários
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