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1.
Rev. Esc. Enferm. USP ; 53: e03509, Jan.-Dez. 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1020390

RESUMO

RESUMO Objetivo Analisar o resultado do desempenho dos Núcleos Ampliados de Saúde da Família do estado de São Paulo, na dimensão Organização do Processo de Trabalho, na Avaliação do PMAQ-AB, segundo o Índice Paulista de Responsabilidade Social. Método Estudo transversal, descritivo, exploratório, com abordagem quantitativa, baseado nos dados do 2º ciclo do Programa Nacional de Melhoria do Acesso e da Qualidade da Atenção Básica. Foram analisadas por frequência simples 149 equipes, de 47 municípios, distribuídas em cinco agrupamentos, de acordo com o Índice Paulista de Responsabilidade Social. Resultados As equipes do agrupamento quatro (municípios com baixa riqueza e indicadores sociais intermediários) alcançaram desempenho satisfatório e muito satisfatório (90,9%). As equipes dos municípios do agrupamento dois (alto índice de riqueza e indicadores sociais insatisfatórios) tiveram pior desempenho; as equipes do município de São Paulo obtiveram o maior percentual de desempenho satisfatório e muito satisfatório (95,8%). Conclusão As equipes do município de São Paulo (alto índice de riqueza e indicadores sociais insatisfatórios) e as equipes dos municípios do agrupamento quatro (baixa riqueza e indicadores sociais intermediários) foram as que alcançaram melhor desempenho.


RESUMEN Objetivo Analizar el resultado del desempeño de los Núcleos Ampliados de Salud de la Familia del Estado de São Paulo, en la dimensión Organización del Proceso de Trabajo, en la Evaluación del PMAQ-AB, según el Índice Paulista de Responsabilidad Social. Método Estudio transversal, descriptivo, exploratorio, con abordaje cuantitativo, basado en los datos del 2º ciclo del Programa Nacional de Mejoría del Acceso y la Calidad de la Atención Básica. Fueron analizadas por frecuencia simple 149 equipos, de 47 municipios, distribuidas en cinco agrupaciones, según el Índice Paulista de Responsabilidad Social. Resultados Los equipos de la agrupación cuatro (municipios con baja riqueza e indicadores sociales intermedios) alcanzaron desempeño satisfactorio y muy satisfactorio (90,9%). Los equipos de los municipios de la agrupación dos (alto índice de riqueza e indicadores sociales insatisfactorios) tuvieron peor desempeño; los equipos del municipio de São Paulo obtuvieron el mayor porcentual de desempeño satisfactorio y muy satisfactorio (95,8%). Conclusión Los equipos del municipio de São Paulo (alto índice de riqueza e indicadores sociales insatisfactorios) y los equipos de los municipios de la agrupación cuatro (baja riqueza e indicadores sociales intermedios) fueron las que alcanzaron mejor desempeño.


ABSTRACT Objective To analyze the performance of the Expanded Family Health Centers in the state of São Paulo in the Work Process Organization dimension in evaluating the PMAQ-AB , according to the Paulista Social Responsibility Index. A cross-sectional, descriptive, exploratory study with a quantitative approach based on data from the 2ndcycle of the National Program for Improving Access and Quality in Primary Care ( PMAQ-AB ). There were 149 teams from 47 municipalities distributed in five groups analyzed by simple frequency, according to the Paulista Social Responsibility Index. The teams from group four (municipalities of low wealth and intermediate social indicators) achieved satisfactory and very satisfactory performance (90.9%). The teams from the group two municipalities (high wealth index and unsatisfactory social indicators) had worse performance; the teams from the municipality of São Paulo obtained the highest percentage of satisfactory and very satisfactory performance (95.8%). Conclusion The teams from the municipality of São Paulo (high wealth index and unsatisfactory social indicators) and the teams from the municipalities of group four (low wealth and intermediate social indicators) were those that achieved better performance.


Assuntos
Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde , Enfermagem de Atenção Primária , Planejamento em Saúde , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente , Avaliação em Saúde , Estudos Transversais , Administração em Saúde
2.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 11(5): 1188-1193, out.-dez. 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1022221

RESUMO

Objetivo: Identificar os fatores de risco/condicionantes para a falência da fístula arteriovenosa e analisar os cuidados necessários para manutenção da fístula arteriovenosa. Métodos: Estudo piloto realizado com 10 participantes com histórico de falência de fístula arteriovenosa, com dados coletados por meio de formulário e analisados por estatística descritiva, aceito pelo Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa do Hospital Universitário Pedro Ernesto, com número do CAAE nº 64150117.2.0000.5259. Resultados: A idade média foi de 57,3 anos. A hipertensão arterial foi a doença prévia mais comum encontrada entre os participantes. A hipotensão e as punções repetidas foram os fatores de risco/condicionantes com maior ocorrência. Conclusão: a maioria dos participantes possuíam baixa escolaridade e informaram ter tido alguma complicação na FAV. A hipotensão como fator condicionante para falência das FAV, permaneceu de forma frequente entre os participantes. Observou-se que grande parte já realizava tratamento dialítico prévio


Objective: The study's purpose has been to identify the risk/conditioning factors for Arteriovenous Fistula Failure (AVF), and also to analyze the care required for handling the arteriovenous fistula. Methods: It is a pilot study that was carried out with 10 participants showing a history of AVF. The data were collected through a form and analyzed by descriptive statistics. This research was accepted by the Research Ethics Committee from the Pedro Ernesto University Hospital, under the Certificado de Apresentação para Apreciação Ética (CAAE) [Certificate of Presentation for Ethical Appreciation] No. 64150117.2.0000.5259. Results: The average age was 57.3 years old. Arterial hypertension was the most common prior disease among the participants. Hypotension and repeated punctures were the most frequent risk/conditioning factors. Conclusion: A relevant percentage of the participants had little education and reported having had some complication in the AVF. Hypotension, as a conditioning factor for AVF failure, remained frequent among the participants. It was observed that a large part of the participants have undergone dialysis treatment previously


Objetivo: Identificar los factores de riesgo / condicionantes para la quiebra de la fístula arteriovenosa y analizar los cuidados necesarios para el mantenimiento de la fístula arteriovenosa. Métodos: Estudio piloto realizado con 10 participantes con historial de fallo de fístula arteriovenosa, con datos recogidos por medio de formulario y analizados por estadística descriptiva, aceptado por el Comité de Ética en Investigación del Hospital Universitario Pedro Ernesto, con número del CAAE nº 64150117.2.0000.5259 . Resultados: La edad media fue de 57,3 años. La hipertensión arterial fue la enfermedad previa más común entre los participantes. La hipotensión y las punciones repetidas fueron los factores de riesgo / condicionantes con mayor ocurrencia. Conclusión: la mayoría de los participantes tenían baja escolaridad e informaron haber tenido alguna complicación en la FAV. La hipotensión como factor condicionante para la quiebra de las FAV, permaneció de forma frecuente entre los participantes. Se observó que gran parte ya realizaba tratamiento dialítico previo


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Fístula Arteriovenosa/complicações , Diálise Renal , Insuficiência Renal Crônica , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente , Brasil , Fístula Arteriovenosa/prevenção & controle
3.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 11(5): 1293-1299, out.-dez. 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1022445

RESUMO

Objective: The study's purpose has been to analyze the relationship of multiprofessional care offered in a Psychosocial Care Center for Alcohol and other Drugs [Centros de Atenção Psicossocial Álcool e outras Drogas (CAPS-AD)] with the number of hospitalizations directly related to the consumption of drugs by crack users. Methods: It is a documentary study with a quantitative approach, which was through the assessment of 213 medical records of crack users of a CAPS-AD, concerning the socioeconomic profile, individual care, in group and hospital admissions. Data were processed on SPSS, version 22. Results: It was observed the predominance of men (76.5%), within the age group from 11 to 47 years old, who were single (60.8%), and had incomplete elementary education (53.5%). The most statistically significant interventions were nursing, psychiatry, medical clinic and nursing technician care, as well as groups of physical activity, art therapy and relapse prevention. Conclusion: Therefore, it is necessary to provide continuous and comprehensive assistance to the crack user, with a multiprofessional team acting in a complementary manner aiming to minimize drug related hospitalizations


Objetivo: Analisar a relação do cuidado multiprofissional ofertado em um Centro de Atenção Psicossocial para Álcool e Outras Drogas (CAPS AD) com o número de internação hospitalar relacionada diretamente com o consumo de drogas em usuários de crack. Métodos: Estudo documental com abordagem quantitativa, realizado com 213 prontuários de usuários de crack de um CAPS AD, referente ao perfil socioeconômico, atendimentos individuais, em grupo e internação hospitalar. As informações foram processadas no SPSS versão 22. Resultados: Observou-se predomínio de homens (76,5%), com idade entre 11 a 47 anos, solteiros (60,8%) que possuíam ensino fundamental incompleto (53,5%). Os atendimentos com maior significância estatística foram enfermagem, psiquiatria, clínica médica e técnico em enfermagem, bem como grupos de atividade física, arteterapia e prevenção de recaída. Conclusão: É necessário realizar assistência contínua e integral ao usuário de crack, com equipe multiprofissional atuando de forma complementar para minimizar as internações referentes ao consumo da droga


Objetivo: Analizar la relación del cuidado multiprofesional ofrecido en un Centro de Atención Psicosocial para Alcohol y Otras Drogas (CAPS AD) con el número de internación hospitalaria relacionado directamente con el consumo de drogas en usuarios de crack. Métodos: Estudio documental con abordaje cuantitativo, realizado con 213 historiales de usuarios de crack de un CAPS AD, referente al perfil socioeconómico, atendimientos individuales, en grupo e internación hospitalaria. Las informaciones fueron procesadas en el SPSS versión 22. Resultados: Se observó predominio de hombres (76,5%), con edad entre 11 y 47 años, solteros (60,8%) con enseñanza primaria incompleta (53,5%). Los atendimientos con mayor relevancia estadística fueron enfermería, psiquiatría, clínica médica y técnico en enfermería, así como grupos de actividad física, arteterapia y prevención de recaída. Conclusión: Es necesario realizar asistencia continua e integral al usuario de crack, con equipo multiprofesional actuando de forma complementaria para minimizar las internaciones referentes al consumo de drogas


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Adolescente , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Centros de Tratamento de Abuso de Substâncias/estatística & dados numéricos , Fumar Cocaína/terapia , Serviços de Saúde Mental
4.
Soins Pediatr Pueric ; 40(310): 10-13, 2019.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31543228

RESUMO

The reflexive approach supported by interdisciplinarity enables the professional to approach the breastfeeding experience from a perspective which takes into account the family as a whole. The interdisciplinary input aims to support reflexive practices around this global perspective of the family and possibly benefit from interventions which are more focused on the psycho-social aspects of the breastfeeding experience.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente , Aleitamento Materno/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Relações Profissional-Família
5.
Soins Pediatr Pueric ; 40(310): 45-48, 2019.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31543235

RESUMO

Paediatric palliative care has been set up after extensive discussion and observations regarding the need to provide different support to children with a serious and incurable disease as well as their families. The mobile palliative care team support children and their family in this specific process and train caregivers in the palliative approach.


Assuntos
Hospitais Pediátricos/organização & administração , Unidades Móveis de Saúde/organização & administração , Cuidados Paliativos/organização & administração , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente/organização & administração , Criança , Humanos
6.
Am J Occup Ther ; 73(5): 7305185010p1-7305185010p10, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31484020

RESUMO

IMPORTANCE: Leaders in the occupational therapy profession have called for occupational therapy's inclusion in primary care, but little is known about the occupational needs of patients in this setting. OBJECTIVE: To explore the need for and potential role of occupational therapy in a team-based primary care clinic. DESIGN: A qualitative descriptive study using a convenience sample of clinicians and patients. Meetings and semistructured interviews were recorded, transcribed, and coded by multiple coders using a general immersion-crystallization approach to identify relevant themes. SETTING: Outpatient complex care clinic of an urban academic medical center. PARTICIPANTS: The study included a voluntary sample of clinicians and patients from the complex care clinic. Patients were recruited from a staff-provided list; eligible patients had attended the clinic for at least 1 yr. All patients had multiple chronic conditions and were uninsured or received Medicaid. RESULTS: Researchers attended 10 clinician team meetings and conducted 13 patient interviews and 10 clinician interviews. Four domains of patient need were identified by both patients and clinicians: complex medical management, patients' limited resources, mental health needs, and challenges to occupation. Clinicians also identified cognitive-behavioral challenges affecting care, including lack of engagement and poor problem solving. CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: The makeup of the clinic team reflected their intent to address medical, socioeconomic, and mental health domains. However, cognitive-behavioral challenges and patients' occupational limitations were not consistently addressed. Thus, patients had unmet needs that occupational therapy practitioners were qualified to address. WHAT THIS ARTICLE ADDS: This study adds to the available literature examining patient needs and clinician challenges in a primary care clinic. Patients have occupational needs that are not being addressed in primary care, indicating a need for occupational therapy in this setting.


Assuntos
Terapia Ocupacional , Assistência Ambulatorial , Humanos , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente/normas , Assistência Centrada no Paciente/normas , Atenção Primária à Saúde/normas , Pesquisa Qualitativa
7.
Curr Urol Rep ; 20(10): 59, 2019 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31478111

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to summarize the most current literature regarding the most important aspects to consider when developing a center of excellence for prostate imaging and biopsy. RECENT FINDINGS: Multiparametric MRI (mp-MRI) has changed the way we diagnose and treat prostate cancer. This imaging modality allows for more precise identification of areas suspicious in terms of harboring prostate cancer, enabling performance of targeted mp-MRI-guided biopsies that have been demonstrated to yield superior cancer detection rates. Centers worldwide are increasingly adopting this technology. However, obtaining results comparable with those findings published in the literature can be challenging. The imaging and biopsy process entails the need for a multidisciplinary team including a dedicated radiologist, urologist, and pathologist. Adequate mp-MRI interpretation for accurate lesion identification, acquaintance with the biopsy technique selected, and precise characterization of Gleason Score/Grade Groupings are equal determinants of accurate biopsy results. Furthermore, all specialists are required to attain appropriate learning curves to ensure optimal results. In this review, we characterize crucial aspects to consider when developing a center of excellence for prostate imaging and biopsy as well as insights regarding how to implement them.


Assuntos
Instalações de Saúde/normas , Biópsia Guiada por Imagem/normas , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico por imagem , Biópsia/métodos , Biópsia/normas , Humanos , Biópsia Guiada por Imagem/métodos , Curva de Aprendizado , Masculino , Gradação de Tumores , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente/normas , Desenvolvimento de Programas/normas , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Estados Unidos
9.
Urologiia ; (4 ()): 19-24, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31535793

RESUMO

A multidisciplinary approach is currently a necessary and standard approach in treatment of cancer patients. The main goals of the multidisciplinary approach include coordinated highly effective interaction of medical specialists to timely identify, prescribe and conduct planned treatment, as well as prevention and correction of adverse events of treatment to achieve most lasting effect of treatment. The article discusses role of multidisciplinary team, including an oncologist, urologist, pathomorphologist, molecular genetics, radiologist, medical oncologist, radiation therapist, neurosurgeon, orthopedic surgeon, endovascular, thoracic and abdominal surgeons for effective treatment of oncourological patients. To solve existing problems, it is necessary to create common standards for the treatment of oncological diseases, develop and improve an oncological care system, improve logistics and improve skills of specialists or train specialists in the required profile.


Assuntos
Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente/organização & administração , Assistência Centrada no Paciente/organização & administração , Neoplasias Urológicas/terapia , Humanos , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente/tendências , Assistência Centrada no Paciente/tendências , Médicos , Cirurgiões , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Urologiia ; (4 ()): 28-35, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31535795

RESUMO

A solving diagnostic and therapeutic problems in patients with various urologic diseases often requires a cooperation between different specialists which emphasizes the interdisciplinarity of our discipline. A number of clinical manifestations and diseases that urologists have to deal with and in which they definitely need a timely assistance from other specialists are described in the article. Determining the connecting links in the work of different specialists, we tried to recall the main " intersection points" and draw attention to the necessary cooperation.


Assuntos
Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente , Prostatite , Doenças Urológicas , Humanos , Masculino , Prostatite/diagnóstico , Prostatite/terapia , Doenças Urológicas/diagnóstico , Doenças Urológicas/terapia , Urologia/tendências
11.
West Afr J Med ; 36(2): 138-143, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31385600

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Holistic ward round (HWR) is a polyadic, multiphasic, holistic model of neurosurgical patient care. It is a multidisciplinary ward round where all healthcare providers involved in patients care, the patients, the relations, as well as clergymen (depending on the patients' faith and need) collectively work to review patient's condition and make decisions in the patient's best interest. OBJECTIVES: The study assessed the effectiveness of the holistic model of care and identified the challenges facing this model of healthcare delivery. METHODS: The study was qualitative in design and In-depth Interviews (IDIs) were conducted with eighteen (18) participants who were purposively selected. They include neurosurgeons, nurses, medical social workers and physiotherapists. The data were thematically content analysed with the help of ATLAS.ti (v.7) software. RESULTS: The study found that patients and relations have immensely benefitted from the model of care through psychosocial support. The major challenges facing HWR were logistic, timing and common problems found in the Nigerian healthcare system. CONCLUSION: It was concluded that for HWR to effectively help spinal cord injured patients further, the healthcare providers, patients and their families require support in different forms from outside the hospital.


Assuntos
Saúde Holística , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente , Assistência ao Paciente , Assistência Centrada no Paciente/métodos , Adulto , Feminino , Hospitais Universitários , Humanos , Relações Interprofissionais , Entrevistas como Assunto , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neurocirurgiões , Neurocirurgia , Nigéria , Fisioterapeutas , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Assistentes Sociais
12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(33): e16808, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31415394

RESUMO

Evidence-based studies have revealed outcomes in patients with chronic kidney disease that differed depending on the design of care delivery. This study compared the effects of 3 types of nephrology care: multidisciplinary care (MDC), nephrology care, and non-nephrology care. We studied their effects on the risks of requiring dialysis and the differences between these methods had on long-term medical resource utilization and costs.We conducted a retrospective cohort study involving patients with an estimated glomerular filtration rate of (eGFR) ≤45 mL/min/1.73 m from 2005 to 2007. Patients were divided into MDC, non-MDC, and non-nephrology referral groups. Between-group differences with regard to the risk of requiring dialysis and annual medical utilization and costs were evaluated using a 5-year follow-up period.In total, 661 patients were included. After other covariates and the competing risk of death were taken into account, we observed a significant (56%) reduction in the incidence of dialysis in both the MDC and non-MDC groups relative to the non-nephrology referral group. Costs were markedly lower in the MDC group relative to the other groups (average savings: US$ 830 per year; 95% confidence interval: 367-1295; P < .001).For patients without nephrology referrals, MDC can substantially reduce their risk of developing end-stage renal disease and lower their medical costs. We therefore strongly advocate that all patients with an eGFR of ≤45 mL/min/1.73 m should be referred to a nephrologist and receive MDC.


Assuntos
Assistência à Saúde/economia , Custos de Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Nefrologia/economia , Diálise Renal/economia , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/economia , Idoso , Assistência à Saúde/métodos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nefrologia/métodos , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente/economia , Encaminhamento e Consulta/economia , Estudos Retrospectivos
13.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 265: 181-185, 2019 Aug 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31431596

RESUMO

The provision of individualised treatment and care from health care services to patients with chronic conditions and multi-morbidities is under pressure because of an increasing elderly population. There is a need for services that are: 1) person-centred, 2) integrated and 3) proactive, and supported by digital technology. The research project 3P-Patients and Professionals in Productive Teams aims to study different patient-centred teamwork models in Norway and Denmark. This paper presents a study on patients' experiences and digital involvement in patient-centred care teams. Qualitative research methods were applied with interviews and demonstrations of technology use made at patient's homes. The results showed that the patients were satisfied with the patient-centred service models and had an increased feeling of safety. A constraint was information sharing between the patient-centred health care team and the patients. Most of them did not have access to read own medical information and mainly verbal information was shared between the patients and the health providers.


Assuntos
Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente , Assistência Centrada no Paciente , Doença Crônica , Dinamarca , Humanos , Noruega , Pesquisa Qualitativa
15.
Rev Lat Am Enfermagem ; 27: e3167, 2019 Aug 19.
Artigo em Português, Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31432920

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: analyze the safety culture of multidisciplinary teams from three neonatal intensive care units of public hospitals in Minas Gerais, Brazil. METHOD: a cross-sectional survey conducted with 514 health professionals, using the Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture; data were subjected to a descriptive statistical analysis in software R-3.3.2. RESULTS: the findings showed that none of the dimensions had a positive response score above 75% to be considered as a strength area. The dimension 'Nonpunitive response to error' was classified as a critical area of the patient safety culture, present in 55.45% of the responses. However, areas with potential for improvements were identified, such as 'Teamwork within units' (59.44%) and 'Supervisor/manager's expectations and actions to promote patient safety' (49.90%). CONCLUSION: none of the dimensions was considered as a strength area, which indicates safety culture has not been fully implemented in the evaluated units. A critical look at the weaknesses of the patient safety process is recommended in order to seek strategies for the adoption of a positive safety culture to benefit patients, family members and health professionals.


Assuntos
Hospitais Públicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal/estatística & dados numéricos , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Segurança do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Gestão da Segurança/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Hospitais Públicos/normas , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal/normas , Masculino , Cultura Organizacional , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente/normas , Segurança do Paciente/normas , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde/normas , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Gestão da Segurança/normas , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Inquéritos e Questionários , Fatores de Tempo , Carga de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto Jovem
16.
Presse Med ; 48(7-8 Pt 1): 780-787, 2019.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31383383

RESUMO

Interprofessional simulation-based education is effective for learning non-technical critical care skills and strengthening interprofessional team collaboration to optimize quality of care and patient outcome. Implementation of interprofessional simulation sessions in initial and continuing education is facilitated by a team of "champions" from each discipline/profession to ensure educational quality and logistics. Interprofessional simulation training must be integrated into a broader interprofessional curriculum supported by managers, administrators and clinical colleagues from different professional programs. When conducting interprofessional simulation training, it is essential to account for sociological factors (hierarchy, power, authority, interprofessional conflicts, gender, access to information, professional identity) both in scenario design and debriefing. Teamwork assessment tools in interprofessional simulation training may be used to guide debriefing. The interprofessional simulation setting (in-situ or simulation centre) will be chosen according to the learning objectives and the logistics.


Assuntos
Cuidados Críticos/métodos , Educação Médica/métodos , Relações Interprofissionais , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente , Treinamento por Simulação , Competência Clínica , Cuidados Críticos/normas , Currículo/normas , Educação Médica/normas , Avaliação Educacional/métodos , Humanos , Ciência da Implementação , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente/organização & administração , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente/normas , Treinamento por Simulação/métodos , Treinamento por Simulação/organização & administração , Treinamento por Simulação/normas
17.
Presse Med ; 48(7-8 Pt 1): e209-e215, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31421945

RESUMO

AIM: Identified Palliative Care Beds (Lits Identifiés Soins Palliatifs - LISPs) is a French specificity. Primarily created to integrate palliative care culture into conventional hospital units, the relevance of this measure became a controversial issue. Nowadays, hospital teams continue to frequently encounter complex situations regarding medical care for palliative patients. To the best of our knowledge, there is only one study, a quantitative one, bridging the gap about that subject. It showed failure in practicing palliative care work around LISP. Our study is based on a qualitative method that complements the quantitative study. It aimed to describe difficulties that limit palliative care practices in managing adult patients in LISP. METHOD: This qualitative exploratory survey was conducted with a sample of health service professionals (n=20), from senior physicians to caregivers. Each semi-structured interview included open questions regarding their experiences, feelings and difficulties with palliative care practices on LISP. It also included closed questions concerning interviewee's demographics and career course. The data for this research were submitted to a two-stage analysis: first, a global review of each interview was performed to identify trends. Then, a detailed breakdown, question by question, was implemented. RESULTS: From a quantitative perspective, the interviews revealed 305 difficulties, indicating the gaps and barriers limiting the implementation of a palliative approach in these services. From a qualitative perspective, five topics raised our attention by their recurrence in discourses: (1) partial knowledge about palliative care definition and legislation mostly due to a lack of training; (2) need for time; (3) need for human resources; (4) need for communication; (5) hard time in transitioning from curative to palliative care. PERSPECTIVE: This survey gives the opportunity to understand health service professionals' difficulties in practicing palliative care in conventional medical services. It raises the central issue of the pricing reform on the health institutes activity. It also provides angles of inquiry to improve LISP effectiveness. This qualitative and descriptive study was designed to explore difficulties in practicing palliative care around LISP. Nevertheless, according to the size of the sample, results will need to be confirmed by a more extensive qualitative survey.


Assuntos
Continuidade da Assistência ao Paciente , Unidades Hospitalares/organização & administração , Cuidados Paliativos/organização & administração , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente/organização & administração , Padrões de Prática Médica , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde/organização & administração , Adulto , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Cuidadores/organização & administração , Cuidadores/normas , Barreiras de Comunicação , Continuidade da Assistência ao Paciente/organização & administração , Continuidade da Assistência ao Paciente/normas , Assistência à Saúde/métodos , Assistência à Saúde/organização & administração , Assistência à Saúde/normas , Arquitetura de Instituições de Saúde/normas , França , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Número de Leitos em Hospital , Unidades Hospitalares/normas , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto , Satisfação no Emprego , Cuidados Paliativos/psicologia , Cuidados Paliativos/normas , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente/normas , Padrões de Prática Médica/organização & administração , Padrões de Prática Médica/normas , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde/normas , Estudos Retrospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários
19.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 264: 606-610, 2019 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31437995

RESUMO

Lean management applied to healthcare aims at creating maximum value for patients by reducing waste and waits. It puts the patient's needs center stage, emphasizes employee involvement and continuous improvement. To realize this, visual tools such as the huddle board or the patient board are implemented in hospital wards. The boards are currently realized by whiteboards or flipcharts, which leads to duplicated data entries and loss of information. The objective of this work is to introduce a concept for digitalizing the patient board and integrate with a hospital information system (HIS) for improved data availability. Data on appointments, personnel planning and master patient data can be directly accessed from the HIS database. A digital patient board has several benefits: data can be collected from information systems, making it obsolete to record information several times. Even more functionalities, in particular, those supporting the communication between a patient and a healthcare team can be included by means of a digital board which improves patient involvement.


Assuntos
Sistemas de Informação Hospitalar , Comunicação , Hospitais , Sistemas de Informação , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente
20.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 264: 1821-1822, 2019 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31438361

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to develop an ICT-based care-management support system and to assess its validity and applicability through pilot testing. The system links users' health and social needs to community resources. Users and care managers participated in each step of care management through an interactive decision support system. The system contributes to facilitate person-centered community care.


Assuntos
Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente , Autocuidado , Humanos , Projetos Piloto
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