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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33801213

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to determine if rowing performance was associated with fat mass (FM) or fat-free mass (FFM) measured using a novel 2D digital image analysis system. Nineteen female rowers (ages = 20.3 ± 1.0 years, weight = 73.8 ± 8.3 kg, height = 172.7 ± 4.7 cm) participated in this study. FM and FFM were estimated with a smartphone application that uses an automated 2D image analysis program. Rowing performance was measured using a 2 km (2k) timed trial on an indoor ergometer. The average speed of the timed trial was recorded in raw units (m·s-1) and adjusted for body weight (m·s-1·kg-1). FFM was significantly correlated to unadjusted 2k speed (r = 0.67, p < 0.05), but not for FM (r = 0.44, p > 0.05). When 2k speed was adjusted to account for body weight, significant correlations were found with FM (r = -0.56, p < 0.05), but not FFM (r = -0.34, p > 0.05). These data indicate that both FM and FFM are related to rowing performance in female athletes, but the significance of the relationships is dependent on overall body mass. In addition, the novel 2D imaging system appears to be a suitable field technique when relating body composition to rowing performance.


Assuntos
Benchmarking , Esportes Aquáticos , Adulto , Atletas , Composição Corporal , Índice de Massa Corporal , Ergometria , Feminino , Humanos , Adulto Jovem
2.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(8)2021 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33921002

RESUMO

This study aimed to examine the validity and reliability of the recently developed Assioma Favero pedals under laboratory cycling conditions. In total, 12 well-trained male cyclists and triathletes (VO2max = 65.7 ± 8.7 mL·kg-1·min-1) completed five cycling tests including graded exercises tests (GXT) at different cadences (70-100 revolutions per minute, rpm), workloads (100-650 Watts, W), pedaling positions (seated and standing), vibration stress (20-40 Hz), and an 8-s maximal sprint. Tests were completed using a calibrated direct drive indoor trainer for the standing, seated, and vibration GXTs, and a friction belt cycle ergometer for the high-workload step protocol. Power output (PO) and cadence were collected from three different brand, new pedal units against the gold-standard SRM crankset. The three units of the Assioma Favero exhibited very high within-test reliability and an extremely high agreement between 100 and 250 W, compared to the gold standard (Standard Error of Measurement, SEM from 2.3-6.4 W). Greater PO produced a significant underestimating trend (p < 0.05, Effect size, ES ≥ 0.22), with pedals showing systematically lower PO than SRM (1-3%) but producing low bias for all GXT tests and conditions (1.5-7.4 W). Furthermore, vibrations ≥ 30 Hz significantly increased the differences up to 4% (p < 0.05, ES ≥ 0.24), whereas peak and mean PO differed importantly between devices during the sprints (p < 0.03, ES ≥ 0.39). These results demonstrate that the Assioma Favero power meter pedals provide trustworthy PO readings from 100 to 650 W, in either seated or standing positions, with vibrations between 20 and 40 Hz at cadences of 70, 85, and 100 rpm, or even at a free chosen cadence.


Assuntos
Ciclismo , Teste de Esforço , Ergometria , Humanos , Masculino , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Posição Ortostática
3.
Rev. cuba. med ; 60(1): e1645, tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156562

RESUMO

RESUMEN Introducción: El 11 de marzo de 2020 se declaró por la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS) a la enfermedad causada por el coronavirus SARS-COV-2, la COVID-19, como pandemia global. Tanto en Cuba como en el mundo los gobiernos han dictado medidas para proteger la salud de sus habitantes. La alta capacidad de transmisión del germen y su elevada morbi-mortalidad ha tenido como consecuencia profundas afectaciones en todos los ámbitos de la sociedad, y el deporte no ha escapado de esta realidad. Objetivos: Definir los niveles de riesgo de contagio según deporte; elaborar recomendaciones generales de prevención respecto a la reincorporación deportiva en la etapa post COVID-19 y establecer las medidas para la realización de las pruebas ergométricas cardiovasculares a los deportistas. Métodos: Se realizó una revisión de literatura científica y trabajos investigativos relacionados con los temas de la ergometría en el contexto deportivo y la reincorporación de los atletas en la etapa después del COVID-19. Desarrollo: Se elaboraron las medidas en cuanto a acciones a seguir para evitar, tras la reanudación de la práctica deportiva, los contagios entre deportistas y personal que le acompaña, tanto en entrenamiento como en pruebas funcionales cardiorrespiratorias. Conclusiones: La reincorporación al entrenamiento deportivo y la realización de las pruebas cardiopulmonares deben cumplir con las recomendaciones entorno a la reanudación de la actividad atlética, donde será la prioridad minimizar los contagios por virus SARS-COV-2 y reducir la incidencia de las lesiones en los deportistas sometidos a un largo período de aislamiento.


ABSTRACT Introduction: On March 11, 2020, the disease caused by SARS-COV-2 coronavirus, COVID-19, was declared a global pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO). Both in Cuba and in the world, governments have issued measures to protect the health of its inhabitants. The high transmission capacity of the germ and its high morbidity and mortality have had profound effects on all areas of society, and sport has not escaped this reality. Objectives: Define the levels of contagion risk according to sport; to develop general prevention recommendations regarding sports reincorporation in the post-COVID-19 stage and to establish measures for performing cardiovascular ergometric tests on athletes. Methods: A review of scientific literature and research papers was carried out on exercise testing in the sports context and the returning of athletes in the post-COVID-19 stage. Findings: Measures were drawn up in terms of actions to follow for avoiding contagion between athletes and accompanying personnel, after resuming sports practice, both in training and in cardiorespiratory functional tests. Conclusions: The return to sports training and the performance of cardiopulmonary tests must comply with the recommendations regarding the resumption of athletic activity, where it will be the priority to minimize infections by SARS-COV-2 virus and to reduce the incidence of injuries in athletes subjected to a long period of distancing.


Assuntos
Humanos , Educação Física e Treinamento/métodos , Ergometria/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33546338

RESUMO

Personnel of the Danish Armed Forces must complete a yearly basic physical fitness test consisting of a Cooper's 12-min run test (CRT) and four strength-related bodyweight exercises. However, there is no validated alternative to the CRT allowing injured or sailing personnel to conduct the yearly basic physical fitness test. Therefore, the aim of this study was to validate performance in a 6-min rowing ergometer test (6MRT) against CRT performance. Thirty-one individuals (M/F: 20/11, age: 34 ± 12 years) employed at the Danish Armed Forces completed testing on two independent days; (I) the CRT on an outdoor track and (II) a 6MRT with pulmonary measurements of breath-by-breath oxygen uptake. In addition, 5 participants (M/F: 4/1, age: 40 ± 10 years) completed re-testing of the 6MRT. No difference was observed between VO2max estimated from the CRT and measured during the 6MRT. Absolute VO2max correlated strongly (r = 0.95; p < 0.001) to performance in the 6MRT, and moderately (r = 0.80; p < 0.001) to performance in the CRT. Bodyweight (BW) and fat free mass (FFM) correlated stronger to performance in the 6MRT compared to the CRT. 6MRT re-testing yielded similar performance results. The 6MRT is a valid and reliable alternative to the CRT, allowing injured or sailing personnel of the Danish Armed Forces to complete the basic physical fitness test as required, albeit 6MRT performance demands must be made relative to bodyweight.


Assuntos
Militares , Esportes Aquáticos , Adulto , Dinamarca , Ergometria , Teste de Esforço , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Consumo de Oxigênio , Aptidão Física , Adulto Jovem
5.
J Strength Cond Res ; 35(4): 931-940, 2021 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33629973

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: O'Brien, IT, Kozerski, AE, Gray, WD, Chen, L, Vargas, LJ, McEnroe, CB, Vanhoover, AC, King, KM, Pantalos, GM, and Caruso, JF. Use of gloves to examine intermittent palm cooling's impact on rowing ergometry. J Strength Cond Res 35(4): 931-940, 2021-The aim of this study was to examine the use of gloves on intermittent palm cooling's impact on rowing ergometry workouts. Our methods had subjects (n = 34) complete 3 rowing ergometer workouts of up to 8 2-minute stages separated by 45- or 60-second rests. They were randomized to one of the following treatments per workout: no palm cooling (NoPC), intermittent palm cooling as they rowed (PCex), or intermittent palm cooling as they rowed and post-exercise (PCex&post). Palm cooling entailed intermittent cold (initial temperature: 8.1° C) application and totaled 10 (PCex) and 20 (PCex&post) minutes, respectively. Workouts began with 8 minutes of rest after which pre-exercise data were obtained, followed by a ten-minute warm-up and the workout, and 20 minutes of post-exercise recovery. Numerous physiological and performance variables were collected before, during, and after workouts, and each was analyzed with either a two- or three-way analysis of variance. Our results include, with a 0.05 alpha and a simple effects post hoc, the distance rowed analysis produced a significant workout effect with PCex, PCex&post > NoPC. There were also significant interworkout differences for heart rate (HR) (NoPC > PCex) and blood lactate concentration (NoPC > PCex, PCex&post). We conclude that lower HRs and blood lactate concentrations from intermittent cooling caused subjects to experience less fatigue during those workouts and enabled more work to be performed. Continued research should identify optimal cooling characteristics to expedite body heat removal. Practical applications suggest that intermittent palm cooling administered with gloves enhance performance by abating physiological markers of fatigue.


Assuntos
Ergometria , Luvas Protetoras , Esportes Aquáticos , Temperatura Baixa , Mãos , Frequência Cardíaca
6.
Anaesthesia ; 76(1): 72-81, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32592218

RESUMO

Cardiopulmonary exercise testing is performed increasingly for cardiorespiratory fitness assessment and pre-operative risk stratification. Lower limb osteoarthritis is a common comorbidity in surgical patients, meaning traditional cycle ergometry-based cardiopulmonary exercise testing is difficult. The purpose of this study was to compare cardiopulmonary exercise testing variables and subjective responses in four different exercise modalities. In this crossover study, 15 patients with osteoarthritis scheduled for total hip or knee arthroplasty (mean (SD) age 68 (7) years; body mass index 31.4 (4.1) kg.m-2 ) completed cardiopulmonary exercise testing on a treadmill, elliptical cross-trainer, cycle and arm ergometer. Mean (SD) peak oxygen consumption was 20-30% greater on the lower limb modalities (treadmill 21.5 (4.6) (p < 0.001); elliptical cross-trainer (21.2 (4.1) (p < 0.001); and cycle ergometer (19.4 (4.2) ml.min-1 .kg-1 (p = 0.001), respectively) than on the arm ergometer (15.7 (3.7) ml.min-1 .kg-1 ). Anaerobic threshold was 25-50% greater on the lower limb modalities (treadmill 13.5 (3.1) (p < 0.001); elliptical cross-trainer 14.6 (3.0) (p < 0.001); and cycle ergometer 10.7 (2.9) (p = 0.003)) compared with the arm ergometer (8.4 (1.7) ml.min-1 .kg-1 ). The median (95%CI) difference between pre-exercise and peak-exercise pain scores was greater for tests on the treadmill (2.0 (0.0-5.0) (p = 0.001); elliptical cross-trainer (3.0 (2.0-4.0) (p = 0.001); and cycle ergometer (3.0 (1.0-5.0) (p = 0.001)), compared with the arm ergometer (0.0 (0.0-1.0) (p = 0.406)). Despite greater peak exercise pain, cardiopulmonary exercise testing modalities utilising the lower limbs affected by osteoarthritis elicited higher peak oxygen consumption and anaerobic threshold values compared with arm ergometry.


Assuntos
Aptidão Cardiorrespiratória , Teste de Esforço/métodos , Osteoartrite/diagnóstico , Osteoartrite/fisiopatologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Limiar Anaeróbio , Braço , Artroplastia de Quadril , Artroplastia do Joelho , Índice de Massa Corporal , Estudos Cross-Over , Ergometria/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Extremidade Inferior , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição da Dor , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios , Medição de Risco/métodos
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33374465

RESUMO

Postactivation potentiation (PAP) describes an initial muscular activation with a submaximal or maximal load intensity that produces acute improvements in muscle power and performance in subsequent explosive activities. The objective of this study was to compare the effect of different PAP protocols in rowing performance. A crossover design involving seven rowers was used, in which two different PAP protocols were applied: PAP of maximal conditioning contractions (PAP MCC) on a rowing ergometer to provide greater transferability and, thus, enhance the magnitude of PAP stimuli on subsequent rowing performance; and PAP of maximal strength contractions (PAP MSC) in half squat and bench pull exercises, similar to the main exercises in rowing strength training, to perform a 20 s "all-out" test simulating a competition start. Student's t-test was used to compare means of the variables (p < 0.05). Effect size statistics were calculated using Cohen's d. The PAP MCC protocol resulted in significant differences, with an extremely large effect size in average power output (p = 0.034, d = 0.98) in the first 3 (p = 0.019, d = 1.15) and first 5 (p = 0.036, d = 0.91) strokes. This group also reached a greater number of strokes (p = 0.049, d = 2.29) and strokes per minute (p = 0.046, d = 1.15). PAP with maximal conditioning contractions in rowing warm-up enhanced subsequent rowing sprint and is an advisable strategy to potentiate performance at the start of rowing competitions and sprint regattas.


Assuntos
Desempenho Atlético , Treinamento de Resistência , Exercício de Aquecimento , Esportes Aquáticos , Ergometria , Humanos , Contração Muscular
8.
PLoS One ; 15(12): e0243157, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33332449

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To develop an equation to provide the peak power (PP) through a specific stimulus performed in an aquatic environment, as well as to correlate morphological, anthropometric and strength variables with rowing performance. METHODS: The sample consisted of 16 elite young rowing athletes of both sexes (15.7 ± 1.21 years). The strength of upper limbs and lower limbs was verified. To analyze the PP, a 100-m Sprint test was performed on an indoor rowing type ergometer, and after a 72-hour wash-out, the test was repeated in an aquatic environment on a vessel equipped with a global position system. Body composition was analyzed by examining bone densitometry with an X-ray source and maturation was verified by anthropometry. RESULTS: The tests for water sprint and indoor rowing showed significant reliability (ICC = 0.695; p = 0.0007). The PP aquatic showed reliability with that acquired in indoor rowing (ICC = 0.897; p<0.0001) and was related to maturation (p<0.05). The morphology, anthropometry and strength of the upper limbs were related to the sprint and peak strength in both tests (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: The equation for the PP in aquatic environment presented by the present study is highly reliable with an indoor ergometer digital ergometer.


Assuntos
Resistência Física/fisiologia , Esportes Aquáticos/fisiologia , Adolescente , Atletas , Composição Corporal/fisiologia , Ergometria , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Força Muscular/fisiologia , Músculo Esquelético/fisiologia , Água
9.
J Sport Health Sci ; 9(6): 578-586, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33308807

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Core affect is defined as the most general affective construct consciously accessible that is experienced constantly. It can be experienced as free-floating (mood) or related to prototypical emotional episodes. The aim of this study was to examine the influence of pleasant and unpleasant core affect on cyclo-ergometer endurance performance. Specifically, we considered the influence of pleasant and unpleasant core affect on performance outcomes (i.e., time to task completion) and rate of perceived exertion (RPE; Borg Scale, category ratio-10) collected during the task. METHODS: Thirty-one participants aged 20-28 years were recruited. Core affect was randomly elicited by 2 sets of pleasant and unpleasant pictures chosen from the international affective picture system. Pictures were displayed to participants during a cyclo-ergometer performance in 2 days in a counterbalanced order. RPE was collected every minute to detect volunteers' exhaustion. RESULTS: The study sample was split into 2 groups. Group 1 comprised participants who performed better with pleasant core affect, whereas Group 2 included participants who performed better with unpleasant core affect. Mixed between-within subjects analysis of variance revealed a significant 2 (group) × 2 (condition) × 5 (isotime) interaction (p = 0.002, ηp2 = 0.158). Post hoc comparisons showed that participants who obtained better performance with pleasant core affect (pleasant pictures; Group 1) reported lower RPE values at 75% of time to exhaustion in a pleasant core affect condition compared to an unpleasant core affect condition. On the other hand, participants who obtained better performance with unpleasant core affect (unpleasant pictures; Group 2) reported lower RPE values at 75% and 100% of time to exhaustion in an unpleasant core affect condition. CONCLUSION: Findings suggest differential effects of pleasant and unpleasant core affect on performance. Moreover, core affect was found to influence perceived exertion and performance according to participants' preferences for pleasant or unpleasant core affect.


Assuntos
Afeto , Percepção/fisiologia , Resistência Física , Esforço Físico/fisiologia , Adulto , Ergometria , Humanos , Fadiga Muscular/fisiologia , Prazer , Adulto Jovem
10.
Praxis (Bern 1994) ; 109(15): 1189-1193, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33234041

RESUMO

Exercise Training in Contemporary Cardio-Vascular Diagnostics Abstract. Although ergometry is no longer recommended as a primary test in current European guidelines for the diagnosis of coronary heart disease (as it is clearly inferior to modern, non-invasive imaging techniques), it can still be used to assess the stress limit, operability, objectification of physical performance, symptoms of complaints, arrhythmias, blood pressure behavior and risk stratification in selected patients. If the indications are adequately defined, correctly performed and interpreted in a competent and systematic manner, ergometry is a valuable instrument in cardiovascular diagnostics.


Assuntos
Teste de Esforço , Exercício Físico , Arritmias Cardíacas , Ergometria , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos
11.
Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc ; 2020: 3936-3939, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33018861

RESUMO

Functional status of patients is an important concept in clinical trials. It subsumes functional capacity, which is traditionally estimated by exercise tests, and functional performance, which is often estimated by questionnaires. Objectively measured physical activity by means of wearables devices containing accelerometers (PA) have recently been proposed as a novel and advantageous way to estimate physical status including capacity and performance. There is nonetheless insufficient evidence of the association between PA and traditional ways to estimate functional status. In the ACTIVATE clinical trial, cycle ergometry tests were performed multiple times in all 267 patients, PA was measured for a week prior to each cycle ergometry test, and questionnaires were answered daily during the same week. Pearson's correlation tests and clustering analysis revealed that PA, physical activity experience as assessed by questionnaires, and exercise endurance time as measured by the cycle ergometry test, are largely independent. Therefore, all three approaches together might achieve a complete assessment of the functional status of patients in clinical trials, as they each independently correlate with health-related quality of life and important clinical outcomes such as hospitalizations but are weakly associated among themselves.


Assuntos
Terapia por Exercício , Exercício Físico , Qualidade de Vida , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Ergometria , Teste de Esforço , Nível de Saúde , Humanos
12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32824520

RESUMO

The aim of the study was to determine anaerobic capacity and characterize changes in repeated sprint ability (RSA) within youth elite handball players. For this study, 142 male athletes (17.1 ± 0.9 years) were recruited from a handball sports high school and performed the RSA test on a cycle ergometer, including five 6 s all-out efforts separated by 24 s passive breaks. Maximal (Pmax) and mean (Pmean) power, highest (Wmax), and total work (Wtot) as well as power (Pdec) and work (Wdec) decrement were measured. Significant differences in RSA were noted in relation to age (greater values of Pmax, Pmean, Wtot, Wdec, and Pdec in U19 than U17 as well as greater values of Pmax, Wtot, Wmax, Wdec, and Pdec in U19 than U16 (p < 0.05)) and playing position (wing players had greater Wtot than pivot, 269 vs. 243 (J/kg) (p < 0.05), and wing players differed significantly in absolute and relative power from athletes of other positions). RSA depends on playing position and age in groups of youth handball players and the RSA test can be helpful in the selection of athletes for a playing position. The article introduces normative values for elite youth handball players, empowering coaches in the evaluation of anaerobic abilities and selection.


Assuntos
Desempenho Atlético , Esportes , Adolescente , Atletas , Ergometria , Humanos , Masculino
13.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0237388, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32760167

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The heart rate (HR) method is a promising approach for evaluating oxygen uptake ([Formula: see text]), energy demands and exercise intensities in different forms of physical activities. It would be valuable if the HR method, established on ergometer cycling, is interchangeable with other regular activities, such as level walking. This study therefore aimed to examine the interchangeability of the HR method when estimating [Formula: see text] for ergometer cycling and level treadmill walking in submaximal conditions. METHODS: Two models of [Formula: see text] regression equations for cycle ergometer exercise (CEE) and treadmill exercise (TE) were established with 34 active commuters. Model 1 consisted of three submaximal intensities of ergometer cycling or level walking, model 2 included also one additional workload of maximal ergometer cycling or running. The regression equations were used for estimating [Formula: see text] with seven individual HR values based on 25-85% of HR reserve (HRR). The [Formula: see text] estimations were compared between CEE and TE, within and between each model. RESULTS: Only minor, and in most cases non-significant, average differences were observed when comparing the estimated [Formula: see text] levels between CEE and TE. Model 1 ranged from -0.4 to 4.8% (n.s.) between 25-85%HRR. In model 2, the differences between 25-65%HRR ranged from 1.3 to -2.7% (n.s.). At the two highest intensities, 75 and 85%HRR, [Formula: see text] was slightly lower (3.7%, 4.4%; P < 0.05), for CEE than TE. The inclusion of maximal exercise in the [Formula: see text] relationships reduced the individual [Formula: see text] variations between the two exercise modalities. CONCLUSION: The HR methods, based on submaximal ergometer cycling and level walking, are interchangeable for estimating mean [Formula: see text] levels between 25-85% of HRR. Essentially, the same applies when adding maximal exercise in the [Formula: see text] relationships. The inter-individual [Formula: see text] variation between ergometer cycling and treadmill exercise is reduced when using the HR method based on both submaximal and maximal workloads.


Assuntos
Ergometria/instrumentação , Teste de Esforço/instrumentação , Frequência Cardíaca , Caminhada/fisiologia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Oxigênio/metabolismo
16.
Scand J Med Sci Sports ; 30(6): 1017-1023, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32077131

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Single-leg cycling exercise is one of the most potent, but underutilized, stimuli for promoting peripheral muscle respiratory capacity. Special ergometers used to facilitate single-leg cycling, while maintaining biomechanics similar to double-leg cycling, are not widely available. This lack of availability of specialized ergometers may explain why single-leg cycling has not been widely implemented as standard clinical practice. Therefore, we explored the extent to which participants could emphasize one leg and de-emphasize the other to perform "single-leg emphasis cycling" using standard cycle ergometers. METHODS: Sixteen athletic participants performed single-leg emphasis cycling, emphasizing each leg in separate trials, and double-leg cycling. Pedal forces and limb kinematics were collected and used to calculate joint-specific work and power at the ankle, knee, and hip. RESULTS: Study participants were able to produce approximately three times as much power with their emphasized leg compared to the de-emphasized leg during single-leg emphasis cycling. Ankle plantar flexion, dorsiflexion, knee extension, and hip extension work produced during single-leg emphasis cycling did not differ from those during double-leg cycling (all P > .60). Hip and knee flexion work during single-leg emphasis cycling exhibited small but significant differences (both P < .05) from double-leg cycling. CONCLUSIONS: These results demonstrate that single-leg emphasis cycling provides a convenient alternative to single-leg cycling requiring specialized ergometers, therefore, facilitating improved training in clinical and athletic populations using commonly available equipment. Further, biomechanics during single-leg emphasis cycling closely approximated double-leg cycling ensuring that training adaptations are highly applicable to double-leg cycling.


Assuntos
Atletas , Ciclismo/fisiologia , Ergometria/métodos , Perna (Membro)/fisiologia , Adulto , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
17.
J Strength Cond Res ; 34(4): 918-923, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31913254

RESUMO

Gonzalez, AM, Pinzone, AG, Bram, J, Salisbury, JL, Lee, S, and Mangine, GT. Effect of multi-ingredient preworkout supplementation on repeated sprint performance in recreationally active men and women. J Strength Cond Res 34(4): 918-923, 2020-The purpose of this investigation was to examine the effects of acute supplementation of a multi-ingredient preworkout supplement (MIPS), containing a proprietary blend of ancient peat and apple extracts, creatine monohydrate, taurine, ribose, and magnesium, on sprint cycling performance. Seventeen recreationally active men and women (23.2 ± 5.9 years; 172.9 ± 14.3 cm; 82.4 ± 14.5 kg) underwent 2 testing sessions administered in a randomized, counterbalanced, double-blind fashion. Subjects were provided either MIPS or placebo (PL) one hour before performing a sprint cycling protocol, which consisted of ten 5-second "all-out" sprints interspersed by 55 seconds of unloaded pedaling. Average power (PAVG), peak power (PPK), average velocity (VAVG), and distance covered were recorded for each sprint. Separate linear mixed models revealed decrements (p < 0.05) compared to the first sprint in PAVG (75-229 W) and PPK (79-209 W) throughout all consecutive sprints after the initial sprint during PL. Likewise, diminished (p ≤ 0.029) VAVG (3.37-6.36 m·s) and distance covered (7.77-9.00 m) were noted after the third and fifth sprints, respectively, during PL. By contrast, during MIPS, only VAVG decreased (2.34-5.87 m·s, p ≤ 0.002) on consecutive sprints after the first sprint, whereas PAVG and PPK were maintained. In addition, a significant decrease (p = 0.045) in distance covered was only observed on the ninth sprint during MIPS. These data suggest that recreational athletes who consumed the MIPS formulation, one hour before a repeated sprinting session on a cycle ergometer, better maintained performance compared with PL.


Assuntos
Desempenho Atlético/fisiologia , Ciclismo/fisiologia , Suplementos Nutricionais , Adulto , Atletas , Método Duplo-Cego , Ergometria , Feminino , Humanos , Ácido Láctico/sangue , Masculino , Adulto Jovem
18.
Clin Rehabil ; 34(4): 450-459, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31994405

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of early use of a cycle ergometer, compared to a standard care protocol, in postoperatory in-hospital mobility following cardiac surgery. DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Tertiary hospital in Salvador, Bahia, Brazil. SUBJECTS: Patients submitted to elective cardiac surgery (valvular or coronary bypass surgery by sternotomy). INTERVENTION: Patients were randomly allocated in two groups: (1) cycle ergometer training group (10-minute session) and (2) control group submitted standard physiotherapy protocol (10-minute session). Training was provided twice a day, immediately following extubation and until patient was discharged from the intensive care. MAIN MEASURES: The primary outcome was the difference in the total number of steps recorded on the pedometer over three days. Secondary outcomes were mobility in different subgroups and the reasons that prevented individuals from walking during early cardiac rehabilitation. RESULTS: A total of 228 participants completed the study. No significant difference was found in the total number of steps between the groups after intervention: 2183 (range: 1729-2772) in the intervention group versus 2006 (1517-2657) in the control group (P = 0.167). However, self-reports indicated better motivation in the intervention group (P = 0.044). No adverse events occurred during the study. CONCLUSION: As a strategy for early mobilization following cardiac surgery, the use of a cycle ergometer failed to increase independent physical activity compared to a standard care protocol. Nevertheless, it was safe and could be an alternative to make rehabilitation more attractive and motivational for this patient population.


Assuntos
Ciclismo , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/reabilitação , Deambulação Precoce , Ergometria , Actigrafia , Adulto , Idoso , Brasil , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos , Exercício Físico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modalidades de Fisioterapia
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