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1.
BMC Oral Health ; 21(1): 183, 2021 04 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33836740

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This in-vitro-study aimed to evaluate the potential of different fluoride gels to prevent gastroesophageal reflux induced erosive tooth wear. METHODS: Surface baseline profiles of a total of 50 bovine enamel specimens [randomly assigned to five groups (G1-5)] were recorded. All specimens were positioned in a custom made artificial oral cavity and perfused with artificial saliva (0.5 ml/min). Reflux was simulated 11 times a day during 12 h by adding HCl (pH 3.0) for 30 s (flow rate 2 ml/min). During the remaining 12 h (overnight), specimens were stored in artificial saliva and brushed twice a day (morning and evening) with a toothbrush and toothpaste slurry (15 brushing strokes). While specimens in the control group (G1) did not receive any further treatment, specimens in G2-5 were coated with different fluoride gels [Elmex Gelée (G2); Paro Amin Fluor Gelée (G3); Paro Fluor Gelée Natriumfluorid (G4); Sensodyne ProSchmelz Fluorid Gelée (G5)] in the evening for 30 s. After 20 days, surface profiles were recorded again and enamel loss was determined by comparing them with the baseline profiles. The results were statistically analysed using one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) followed by Tukey`s HSD post-hoc test. RESULTS: The overall highest mean wear of enamel (9.88 ± 1.73 µm) was observed in the control group (G1), where no fluoride gel was applied. It was significantly higher (p < 0.001) compared to all other groups. G2 (5.03 ± 1.43 µm), G3 (5.47 ± 0.63 µm, p = 0.918) and G4 (5.14 ± 0.82 µm, p > 0.999) showed the overall best protection from hydrochloric acid induced erosion. Enamel wear in G5 (6.64 ± 0.86 µm) was significantly higher compared to G2 (p = 0.028) and G4 (p = 0.047). CONCLUSIONS: After 20 days of daily application, all investigated fluoride gels are able to significantly reduce gastroesophageal reflux induced loss of enamel.


Assuntos
Refluxo Gastroesofágico , Abrasão Dentária , Erosão Dentária , Desgaste dos Dentes , Animais , Bovinos , Fluoretos , Refluxo Gastroesofágico/etiologia , Refluxo Gastroesofágico/prevenção & controle , Géis , Humanos , Fluoreto de Sódio , Erosão Dentária/etiologia , Erosão Dentária/prevenção & controle
2.
J Oral Sci ; 63(2): 191-194, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33790090

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of slurry abrasive levels and acidic challenges on the development of non-carious cervical lesions. METHODS: Ninety-six extracted upper premolars were affixed in pairs to acrylic blocks and had their root surfaces covered by acrylic resin except for 2 mm from the cemento-enamel junction. The specimens were distributed into six groups (n = 8 pairs) based on two experimental factors: (1) slurry abrasivity level [low/medium/high] and (2) citric acid challenge [yes/no]. Specimens were brushed for 5,000, 15,000, 35,000, and 65,000 strokes. Volume loss (VL) was determined based on optical profilometry scans of specimens impressions at the baseline and at subsequent brushing levels. Data were analyzed using repeated measures analysis of variance and Bonferroni pairwise comparison (α = 0.05). RESULTS: Higher VL values were associated with high-abrasivity slurries relative to low- and medium-abrasivity slurries (P < 0.001). Increasing the slurry abrasivity level increased the VL regardless of the acidic challenge, which did not have a significant effect (P = 0.184). After 65,000 strokes, significant VL was recorded in all groups relative to preceding brushing levels (P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Higher values of time-dependent surface loss were associated with increased dentifrice slurry abrasivity, regardless of the citric acid challenge.


Assuntos
Dentifrícios , Abrasão Dentária , Erosão Dentária , Humanos , Abrasão Dentária/etiologia , Colo do Dente , Erosão Dentária/etiologia , Escovação Dentária , Cremes Dentais
3.
Braz Oral Res ; 35: e29, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33605359

RESUMO

This study evaluated how Er,Cr:YSGG laser, associated or not with 5% fluoride varnish, influences the surface roughness and volume loss of bovine root dentin submitted to erosive and/or abrasive wear. One hundred and twenty dentin specimens were divided into the groups: without preventive treatment (WPT), 5% fluoride varnish (FV); Er,Cr:YSGG laser irradiation (L), and varnish combined with laser (FV + L). The specimens (n = 10) were subdivided into: 1 = erosion (E); 2 = abrasion (A); and 3 = erosion followed by abrasion (E + A). The erosive solution used was a soft-drink (pH = 2.42 at 4ºC) applied in 5-min cycles twice a day for 10d. Abrasive wear involved brushing for 60s with an electric brush (1,600-oscillations/s) at a load of 2.0N. Surface roughness and volume loss were evaluated using a laser scanning confocal microscope. Roughness data were submitted to one-way ANOVA and Tukey post-hoc test. For volume loss, the Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn's post-hoc tests were used (α = 5%). The lowest values of roughness were found in the control areas of all subgroups (p > 0.05). In the experimental area, the [(WPT) + (E+A)] subgroup had a significantly higher roughness (5.712 ± 0.163 µm 2 ) than the other subgroups (p < 0.05). The L and (FV + L) groups had statistically similar roughness, regardless of the type of wear. The (FV + L) group had the lowest volume loss, regardless of the type of wear performed: [(FV + L) + (E)] = 7.5%, [(FV + L) + (A) = 7.3%, and [(FV + L) + (E + A)] = 8.1%. The subgroup [(WPT) + (E + A)] had the highest volume loss (52.3%). The proposed treatments were effective in controlling dentin roughness. Laser irradiation can be an effective method to increase root dentin resistance after challenges and limit problems related to non-carious lesions.


Assuntos
Lasers de Estado Sólido , Erosão Dentária , Animais , Bovinos , Dentina , Fluoretos , Lasers de Estado Sólido/uso terapêutico , Erosão Dentária/etiologia , Raiz Dentária , Escovação Dentária
4.
J Clin Pediatr Dent ; 44(6): 429-435, 2020 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33378467

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To compare the prevalence of parafunctional habits, erosive tooth wear and occurrence of tooth injuries among children being under the care of Social Welfare Centre and children treated in the Department of Children's Dentistry of the Medical University of Warsaw. STUDY DESIGN: The study contains environmental and medical interviews, record-based analysis and clinical examination. Parafunctional habits were rated on the base of dental interviews and clinical examinations. The occlusal surfaces were evaluated by visual examination using modified tooth wear index (TWI). Tooth injuries were reported from a medical interview labeled using Andreasen classification. The consent of the bioethics committee and guardians of children participated in the study was obtained. RESULTS: The study involved 782 patients, including 404 children from dysfunctional families (average age 11,4 ± 3,7) and 378 from ordinary families-control group (8,53 ± 3,92). In the study group we observed higher prevalence of erosive tooth wear (44,66% vs 18,02% p=0,000), dental trauma (9,4% vs 3,44% p=0,001) and a presence of parafunctional habits (67,8% vs 20,4 % p=0,000). CONCLUSION: The occurrence of parafunctional habits, erosive tooth wear and tooth injuries may be an indicator of domestic violence and a component of maltreated child syndrome.


Assuntos
Violência Doméstica , Erosão Dentária , Traumatismos Dentários , Desgaste dos Dentes , Adolescente , Criança , Hábitos , Humanos , Prevalência , Erosão Dentária/epidemiologia , Erosão Dentária/etiologia , Traumatismos Dentários/epidemiologia , Desgaste dos Dentes/epidemiologia , Desgaste dos Dentes/etiologia
5.
Oral Health Prev Dent ; 18(1): 959-971, 2020 10 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33215487

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to estimate the prevalence, distribution, and the associated factors of tooth erosion in Turkish school children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis was performed on a representative sample of 473 children (aged 7-14 years) from 11 public schools in Turkey. Parents were asked to fill out a questionnaire to collect sociodemographic data. A questionnaire was also given to the children, to collect data pertaining to personal demographic details and habits of consuming acidic foods and drinks. The O'Sullivan index was used to assess affected permanent teeth. The data were analysed using a chi-square test and multivariate logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: Dental erosion was observed in 21.8% of the children. Lesions were most often observed in the enamel with less than half of the buccal surface affected. Erosion was found to be statistically significantly higher in older children and in those with an elevated body mass index (BMI) (p <0.05). The consumption of fruit juices, drinks with cola, orange soft drinks, gaseous, cocoa milk, iced tea, sodas, sports drinks, energy drinks, oranges, lemons, kiwis, grapefruits, apples, peaches, and fruit yogurts was statistically significantly higher in students with erosion (p <0.05). There was no statistically significant relationship between students' sex, systemic disease, premature birth and low birth weight, exercise activity level, socioeconomic status, parental education level, and oral hygiene habits with erosion (p >0.05). CONCLUSION: Although erosive lesions were limited to the enamel, the prevalence of erosion was high. Erosion was statistically significantly associated with older age, elevated BMI, consumption of certain beverages, and fruit.


Assuntos
Erosão Dentária , Adolescente , Idoso , Bebidas , Bebidas Gaseificadas/efeitos adversos , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Comportamento Alimentar , Humanos , Prevalência , Erosão Dentária/epidemiologia , Erosão Dentária/etiologia , Turquia/epidemiologia
6.
Nutr. hosp ; 37(5): 895-901, sept.-oct. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-198003

RESUMO

INTRODUCCIÓN: la erosión dental es la pérdida patológica, crónica, localizada e indolora de los tejidos dentarios, producida por la acción química de ácidos y sin la intervención de la acción de microorganismos. En los últimos años se ha observado un incremento significativo de la prevalencia de esta patología, especialmente en niños y adolescentes. OBJETIVOS: determinar la prevalencia de la erosión dental en la dentición temporal mediante el índice Basic Erosive Wear Examination (BEWE) en niños de entre 5 y 12 años, y determinar los hábitos de alimentación que pueden favorecer en ellos el desarrollo de lesiones. MÉTODOS: se llevó a cabo un estudio transversal en una muestra de 391 niños. Se realizó una encuesta donde se analizaron los hábitos de alimentación, y se realizó una exploración clínica de los dientes temporales empleando el índice BEWE. RESULTADOS: la prevalencia de la erosión dental en la muestra estudiada fue del 19,7 %, presentándose con mayor frecuencia lesiones iniciales. CONCLUSIONES: el 30,62 % de la población estudiada presentaba riesgo bajo de erosión dental, observándose un aumento del riesgo a medida que aumentaba el consumo de bebidas ácidas (bebidas gaseosas, bebidas isotónicas y zumos de frutas) y frutas ácidas, como naranjas, uvas y manzanas


INTRODUCTION: dental erosion is the pathological, chronic, localized and painless loss of dental tissues, produced by the chemical action of acids, where the action of microorganisms is not involved. In recent years, a significant increase in the prevalence of this pathology has been observed, especially in children and adolescents. OBJECTIVES: to determine the prevalence of dental erosion in temporary dentition using the Basic Erosive Wear Examination Index (BEWE) in children between 5 and 12 years of age, and to determine the eating habits that may favor the development of these lesions. METHODS: a cross-sectional study was carried out on a sample of 391 children. A survey was conducted where eating habits were analyzed and a clinical examination of the temporary teeth was performed using the BEWE index. RESULTS: the prevalence of dental erosion in the studied sample was 19.7 %, with mild lesions being most common. CONCLUSIONS: in all, 30.62 % of the studied population had a low risk of dental erosion, and risk was seen to increase with consumption of acidic beverages (soft drinks, isotonic drinks and fruit juices) and acidic fruits such as oranges, grapes and apples


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Comportamento Alimentar , Erosão Dentária/epidemiologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Bebidas Gaseificadas/efeitos adversos , Estudos Transversais , Bebidas Gaseificadas/estatística & dados numéricos , Erosão Dentária/etiologia , Fatores de Risco , Sucos de Frutas e Vegetais/estatística & dados numéricos , Desgaste dos Dentes/diagnóstico
7.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(5): 289-295, 2020 May 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32392969

RESUMO

Dental erosion is a progressive loss and damage of tooth hard tissues caused by contacting acidic substances. It is an occupational disease for workers who make acidic products such as acids, vinegar, etc. In the past decades, a rising of prevalence rate of dental erosion, especially in the youth groups, along with the change of dietary habits and the increased consumption of sweet and acidic diets, has attracted public's attention. This article reviews and analyzes the literature on the prevalence, etiology, prevention and treatment of dental erosion, so as to provide guidance for early diagnosis and treatment of dental erosion and support for making occupational disease prevention strategies.


Assuntos
Erosão Dentária/diagnóstico , Erosão Dentária/etiologia , Erosão Dentária/prevenção & controle , Ácidos/efeitos adversos , Dieta , Humanos
8.
Int J Paediatr Dent ; 30(6): 713-733, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32246790

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dental erosion is the dissolution of dental hard tissues caused by acids of a non-bacterial origin. Dietary acids are considered the predominant and most controllable factor. AIM: To synthesise the literature on the effects of dietary acids and habits on dental erosion in the permanent dentition of 10- to 19-year-old adolescents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An electronic literature search was undertaken in Cochrane, MEDLINE, CINAHL, Dentistry & Oral Sciences Source via EBSCOhost, and Embase with no restriction on the date of publication. RESULTS: The initial search identified 449 articles, and 338 remained after removal of duplicates. Seventy-seven articles remained after screening of titles and abstracts, and 52 were eligible for the full-text review. A considerable variety of beverages, food, and dietary habits were reported as risk factors for dental erosion. The most consistent findings implicated the erosive potential of carbonated beverages and the consumption of acidic drinks at bedtime. CONCLUSIONS: Although results were not consistent between cohort and cross-sectional studies, this review suggests certain dietary risk factors may contribute to dental erosion in adolescents. There is a need for more high-quality cohort studies to establish more conclusive evidence on the role of dietary acids and habits on dental erosion.


Assuntos
Erosão Dentária , Adolescente , Adulto , Bebidas , Bebidas Gaseificadas , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Dieta , Comportamento Alimentar , Hábitos , Humanos , Erosão Dentária/epidemiologia , Erosão Dentária/etiologia , Adulto Jovem
9.
Eur Arch Paediatr Dent ; 21(5): 573-579, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31808110

RESUMO

AIMS: Assessing the influence of socio-economic characteristics, acid drinking patterns and gastric alterations considering erosive tooth experience in children. METHODS: Cross-sectional study to assess 08-10-year-old children enrolled in the primary education in public schools in Florianopolis, Brazil (n = 1085). Caregivers have answered questionnaires comprising independent variables (head of the household education frequency consumption of sports drinks, acid juice/soda, chewing gum, recurrent vomiting, gastric disorders and vomiting after overeating). Four trained dental surgeons have examined the children for the erosive tooth wear-dependent variable (O'Sullivan index), as well as collected dental caries (DMFT) and dental crowding (DAI index) information. A two-stage cluster-sampling plan was conducted. Unadjusted and adjusted logistic regression models were applied (Odds ratio, OR; 95% Confidence interval, CI and 5% significance level). RESULTS: The prevalence of erosive tooth wear was 15.67%. Erosive tooth wear was positively associated with high consumption of sports drinks (OR 3.42; 95% CI: 1.18-9.23). Children whose caregivers' educational level was equal or less than four years of study were less likely to have erosive tooth wear (OR 0.39; 95% CI: 0.17-0.88). CONCLUSION: High consumption of sports drinks is positively associated with erosive tooth wear. Children whose caregivers' educational level is low are less likely to present erosive tooth wear.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Erosão Dentária/epidemiologia , Erosão Dentária/etiologia , Desgaste dos Dentes , Brasil/epidemiologia , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Socioeconômicos
10.
Microsc Res Tech ; 83(2): 91-98, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31637811

RESUMO

The present in vitro study was aimed at evaluating the morphological changes in the cemento-enamel junction (CEJ) after exposure to acidic beverages using the scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The initial pH and titratable acidity (TA) was analyzed from follow groups: (I) Coca cola, (II) orange juice, (III) Cedevita, (IV) Red Bull, (V) Somersby cider, and (VI) white wine. The CEJ samples (n = 64), obtained from unerupted third molars, were allocated to one control (artificial saliva, n = 16) and six experimental groups (n = 8). The experimental samples were immersed in beverages (50 ml) for 15 min, three times daily, 10 days, and in artificial saliva between immersions. SEM analysis was performed in a blind manner, according to scoring scale. One-way ANOVA and Tukey's post hoc tests, as well as Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney U test used for statistical analysis. The pH values of the acidic beverages ranged from 2.65 (Coca cola) to 3.73 (orange juice), and TA ranged from 1.90 ml (Coca cola) to 5.70 ml (orange juice) of NaOH to reach pH 7.0. The SEM analysis indicated statistically significant differences between the control samples and those immersed in acidic beverages. The Groups IV, I, and II, showed the highest CEJ damage grade while those of the Group VI were the lowest. All the tested acidic beverages caused morphological changes in the CEJ with a smaller or larger exposure of dentine surface, and were not always related to the pH or TA of acidic beverages.


Assuntos
Ácidos/farmacologia , Bebidas/análise , Dente Serotino/efeitos dos fármacos , Colo do Dente/ultraestrutura , Erosão Dentária/etiologia , Bebidas Gaseificadas , Sucos de Frutas e Vegetais , Humanos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Colo do Dente/efeitos dos fármacos , Vinho
11.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1091638

RESUMO

Abstract Objective: To evaluate the topography and microhardness of composite resin restorations submitted to different finishing and polishing systems before and after erosive challenge. Material and Methods: Thirty standardized cavities prepared in enamel-dentin blocks of bovine incisors were restored with Z350 composite resin, and randomly distributed into three groups (n=10) according to the finishing and polishing systems: G1 = Soflex 4 steps, G2 = Soflex Spiral 2 steps and G3 = PoGo (single step). The specimens were half protected with nail varnish and submitted to five immersions in Pepsi Twist®, for 10 minutes each, five times/day during six consecutive days. The initial and final challenge surface microhardness (SMHinitial and SMHfinal) of the composite resin was evaluated and the percentage of SMH loss (%SMHL) was calculated. After protection removal, the topographic change linear (Ra) and volumetric (Sa) roughness was evaluated in initial and final areas by using 3D non-contact optical profilometry and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Data were analyzed by paired Student's t-test, Kruskal-Wallis test, and by ANOVA and Tukey's test. Results: There was significant intra-group %SMHL in composite resin (p<0.05). Differences among groups in %SMHL, Ra/Sa in resin composite were not observed (p>0.05). SEM images revealed structural changes between the initial and final surfaces for all groups. Conclusion: The three types of finishing and polishing systems had a similar influence on %SMHL, Ra and Sa in the nanofilled composite resin.


Assuntos
Animais , Bovinos , Erosão Dentária/etiologia , Resinas Compostas , Esmalte Dentário , Dentina , Incisivo , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Análise de Variância , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Imersão
12.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1101305

RESUMO

Abstract Objective: To evaluate the erosive potential of different alcoholic beverages according to pH, titratable acidity and buffering capacity. Material and Methods: Thirteen industrialized alcoholic beverages of different brands were selected and divided into five groups according to their type and composition. The pH measurement and titratable acidity for pH 5.5 and 7.0 were performed in triplicate in 50 mL of each beverage. The buffering capacity was calculated based on pH and titratable acidity for pH 7.0. ANOVA, Tukey, and Pearson correlation, with p<0.05, were used for data analysis. Results: Data showed normal distribution by Shapiro-Wilk test. The pH of alcoholic beverages ranged from 2.49 (Miks Ice Tea - Green Fruits) to 7.64 (Smirnoff). The highest values of acid titration (4.68) and buffer capacity (19.97) were observed in Smirnoff Ice. The following correlations (p<0.01) were noted between: pH and titratable acidity; buffering capacity and pH; buffering capacity and titratable acidity. Conclusion: Some beers and alcopops presented erosive potential due to their lower pH associated with high acid titration values. The whisky and sugarcane liquor examined were not potentially erosive.


Assuntos
Erosão Dentária/etiologia , Bebidas Gaseificadas/efeitos adversos , Bebidas Alcoólicas/efeitos adversos , Acidez/efeitos adversos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Cerveja , Brasil , Distribuição Normal , Análise de Variância , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Saccharum
13.
Oral Health Prev Dent ; 18(1): 1061-1067, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33499559

RESUMO

Purpose: In a cross-sectional population-based study of 888 5-year-old preschoolers from Teresina, Brazil, to determine the prevalence and factors associated with erosive tooth wear (ETW).
Materials and Methods: In a questionnaire, parents provided information on sociodemographic factors, their children's eating/drinking habits, and oral health. Dental examination was performed at the schools by two calibrated examiners for the diagnosis of ETW, following the criteria of the modified O'Brien Index.
Results: The prevalence of ETW was 3.3%. The maxillary incisors were the most highly affected teeth, followed by the mandibular and maxillary molars. The majority of the lesions reached only the enamel (72.1%) and up to 1/3 of the dental surface (63.1%). The occlusal surface was the most affected (47.8%). Preschoolers who had an acidic food-consumption profile had a 2.74 times (95% CI = 1.03-7.30) higher chance of having ETW than children without this profile.
Conclusion: The prevalence of erosive tooth wear on the deciduous teeth was low and associated with the consumption of acidic beverages.

.


Assuntos
Erosão Dentária , Desgaste dos Dentes , Bebidas/efeitos adversos , Brasil/epidemiologia , Causalidade , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Prevalência , Erosão Dentária/epidemiologia , Erosão Dentária/etiologia , Desgaste dos Dentes/epidemiologia , Desgaste dos Dentes/etiologia
14.
Braz Oral Res ; 33: e114, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31800865

RESUMO

This in vitro study aimed to evaluate the effect of different toothpastes on dental enamel subjected to an erosive cycle with and without exposure to cigarette smoke. Bovine enamel specimens were randomly allocated into 12 groups (n = 12). For the in vitro simulation of smoking, half the groups underwent an exposure cycle of 20 cigarettes per day for 5 days. Subsequently, all groups were subjected to a 5-day erosion cycle intercalating demineralization (1 min; 1% citric acid; pH = 3.5) and treatment with toothpaste slurries (2 min) of NaF, SnF2, F/Sn/Chitosan, F/CaSiO3/Na3PO4, and F/bioactive glass. The control group was immersed in distilled water. Surface microhardness (SMH) was measured initially, after exposure to smoke, and after the erosive cycle, and %SMH was calculated. At the end of the experimental cycle, surface roughness, profilometry, and atomic force microscopy (AFM) were performed. SMH increased after exposure to cigarette smoke (p < 0.05). After the erosive cycle, there were no differences between the presence and absence of cigarette smoke exposure in SMH and roughness (p > 0.05). Besides increasing enamel SMH, cigarette smoke did not prevent enamel loss after the erosion cycle (p < 0.05). In profilometry, roughness and surface loss had the lowest values in the groups treated with SnF2 and F/Sn/Chitosan (p < 0.05). AFM showed lower mineral loss with F/CaSiO3/Na3PO4 and F/Sn/Chitosan. For all groups, except F/CaSiO3/Na3PO4, cigarette smoke resulted in higher enamel wear. F/Sn/Chitosan showed the best results against erosion.


Assuntos
Fumar Cigarros/efeitos adversos , Esmalte Dentário/efeitos dos fármacos , Erosão Dentária/etiologia , Erosão Dentária/prevenção & controle , Cremes Dentais/uso terapêutico , Animais , Compostos de Cálcio/uso terapêutico , Cariostáticos/uso terapêutico , Bovinos , Quitosana/uso terapêutico , Testes de Dureza , Humanos , Microscopia de Força Atômica , Valores de Referência , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Saliva/química , Silicatos/uso terapêutico , Propriedades de Superfície/efeitos dos fármacos , Fatores de Tempo , Fluoretos de Estanho/uso terapêutico , Desmineralização do Dente/induzido quimicamente , Desmineralização do Dente/prevenção & controle , Água/química
15.
Ned Tijdschr Tandheelkd ; 126(11): 581-588, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Holandês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31730135

RESUMO

The underlying mechanism of the development of cups and grooves on occlusal tooth surfaces is still unclear. The aim of this study was to evaluate factors contributing to in-vitro cup formation, and to elucidate the clinical process. Extracted human molar teeth were exposed to acidic aqueous solutions at pH of 4.8 and 5.5 in combination with different loading conditions: no load (0N, control), 30N or 50N. Before and after 3 months exposure, the samples were scanned using a non-contact profilometer. A statistically significant difference between a loading of 0N and 50N was found at pH 4.8 (p < 0.002). Cup shaped lesions had formed only at pH of 4.8, in the 30N and 50N groups. The study showed that a cup can arise fully in enamel and that this requires simultaneous acidic and mechanical loading.


Assuntos
Atrito Dentário , Erosão Dentária , Desgaste dos Dentes , Esmalte Dentário , Humanos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Dente Molar , Erosão Dentária/etiologia , Erosão Dentária/patologia , Desgaste dos Dentes/etiologia , Desgaste dos Dentes/patologia
16.
Acta Odontol Latinoam ; 32(2): 75-78, 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31664297

RESUMO

The aim of the present study was to identify the characteristics and severity of tooth wear in children aged 2 to 5 years attending a kindergarten in the city of Medellin. The study population comprised 92 children aged 2 to 5 years attending a kindergarten in Medellin; the final sample included 86 children selected using a non-probabilistic sampling method. All assessments were performed using the index devised by Hansson and Nilner (1989). Prevalence of tooth wear in the studied population was 100%. The observed results confirm previous findings showing that the severity of tooth wear is proportionally related with increase in age, and is mainly due to the physiological wear of teeth. No significant differences in tooth wear facets were observed among the different types of teeth (incisors, canines, molars). It is necessary to develop validated, precise, and comparable indices that allow establishing the etiology and orienting treatment of non-physiological tooth wear.


Assuntos
Dentição Permanente , Erosão Dentária/epidemiologia , Desgaste dos Dentes/epidemiologia , Dente Decíduo , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Dentina/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Incisivo , Masculino , Dente Molar , Prevalência , Inquéritos e Questionários , Erosão Dentária/etiologia
17.
BMC Oral Health ; 19(1): 167, 2019 07 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31349831

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is a need for analytical techniques for measuring Erosive Tooth Wear (ETW) on natural surfaces in clinical studies. The purpose was to investigate the use of two instruments aimed to assess initial to more advanced stages of ETW. METHODS: Human premolar enamel samples (2x3mm) (n = 24), were polished flat and mounted in resin cylinders (4 cylinders, 6 samples in each). Part 1: Baseline analyses by White Light Interferometer (WLI), Surface Reflection Intensity (SRI: TableTop and OptiPen) and Surface Hardness (SH). Erosion (1% citric acid (pH 3.6) for 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10 min. SRI and SH analyses after every erosion episode and by WLI after 10 min. New indentations were made and enamel loss; was measured by change in indentation depths from toothbrush abrasion (200 g, 60 strokes, 30 s). Another series of 2 × 5 min erosion (totally15 min and 20 min) was analysed with SH and SRI after each erosion, and by WLI (on samples and impressions of samples) after 20 min. Part 2 investigated WLI performance in the interface where initial erosion increases in severity and substance loss occurs. The samples were repolished. Baseline analyses by WLI, SRI (TableTop and OptiPen) and SH. Four cylinders were etched for 1, 2, 4, 8 min respectively and analysed by SRI, SH on samples, and WLI on samples and impressions). RESULTS: Part1: SRI decreased from baseline to ~ 6 min etch and increased slightly after abrasion, the two devices correlated well (ICC 0.98 p < 0.001, Spearmans rs 0.91 p < 0.001). SH decreased nearly linearly to 10 min etch, but increased distinctly after abrasion. Mean enamel loss from abrasion alone was 0.2 µm (change in indentation depths). After 10 min etch, it was 0.27 µm (WLI) and after 20 min etch, it was 2.2 µm measured on samples vs 2.4 µm on impressions of samples (7% higher). Part 2: From baseline to 8 min etch; SRI and SH decreased whereas WLI presented increasing etch depths. CONCLUSIONS: With some adjustments, the use of SRI and WLI in combination seems to be a promising strategy for monitoring ETW in clinical studies.


Assuntos
Abrasão Dentária/etiologia , Atrito Dentário , Erosão Dentária/etiologia , Desgaste dos Dentes , Escovação Dentária/efeitos adversos , Ácido Cítrico/química , Esmalte Dentário/patologia , Dureza , Humanos , Abrasão Dentária/patologia , Erosão Dentária/patologia , Escovação Dentária/instrumentação
18.
Expert Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 13(9): 827-838, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31322443

RESUMO

Introduction: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is one of the most prevalent conditions in Western Countries, normally presenting with heartburn and regurgitation. Extra-esophageal (EE) GERD manifestations, such as asthma, laryngitis, chronic cough and dental erosion, represent the most challenging aspects from diagnostic and therapeutic points of view because of their multifactorial pathogenesis and low response to proton pump inhibitors (PPIs). In fact, in the case of EE, other causes must by preventively excluded, but instrumental methods, such as upper gastrointestinal endoscopy and laryngoscopy, have low specificity and sensitivity as diagnostic tools. In the absence of alarm signs and symptoms, empirical therapy with a double-dose of PPIs is recommended as a first diagnostic approach. Subsequently, impedance-pH monitoring could help to define whether the symptoms are GERD-related. Areas covered: This article reviews the current literature regarding established and proposed EE-GERD, reporting on all available options for its correct diagnosis and therapeutic management. Expert opinion: MII-pH could help to identify a hidden GERD that causes EE. Unfortunately, standard MII-pH analysis results are often unable to define this association. New parameters such as the mean nocturnal baseline impedance and post-reflux swallow-induced peristaltic wave index may have an improved diagnostic yield, but prospective studies using impedance-pH are needed.


Assuntos
Refluxo Gastroesofágico/complicações , Asma/etiologia , Doença Crônica , Tosse/etiologia , Refluxo Gastroesofágico/epidemiologia , Humanos , Laringite/etiologia , Erosão Dentária/etiologia
19.
BMC Oral Health ; 19(1): 123, 2019 06 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31226976

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The paradigm shift obtained with new dental materials permits minimally invasive dentistry, by following a biomimetic approach. Erosion increasingly affects the adult population through dental substance loss by acid attack. Oral rehabilitation is often extensive and requires careful mouth examination and treatments codified in the literature. CASE PRESENTATION: This clinical report proposes a reasoned approach to erosion treatment for a 39-year-old male patient presenting several old fixed prostheses. These old restorations are all of correct quality and are retained. The temporomandibular joint was free from disorder. Only defective reconstructions are remade together with eroded teeth, according to a three-step technical protocol. In the first step, mock-up manufacturing is performed which occlusal vertical dimension increased to 1 mm provoking passive dental overeruption to the second and third molars. In all, one ceramic crown was remade, and two ceramic onlays and a resin composite were integrated on the posterior teeth. The last step consisted of palatal veneers on the maxillary incisor and canine, and an aesthetic resin composite on the incisor edge. After these treatments, regular assessments were carried out at 4 months then at 6 months with visual, photographic and radiographic examinations. CONCLUSION: The present dental care philosophy is to preserve dental tissue as much as possible, even in large erosion cases, and to respond to the aesthetic and functional expectations of the patient. This methodology requires a thorough evaluation phase, compliance with the protocol and regular patient follow-up.


Assuntos
Restauração Dentária Permanente/métodos , Dentição , Estética Dentária , Erosão Dentária/terapia , Adulto , Resinas Compostas , Materiais Dentários , Porcelana Dentária , Facetas Dentárias , Humanos , Masculino , Planejamento de Assistência ao Paciente , Erosão Dentária/etiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
BMJ Open ; 9(3): e021458, 2019 03 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30928919

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) is a relatively common disorder and manifests with extraoesophageal symptoms, such as dental erosions (DE), cough, laryngitis, asthma, and oral soft- and hard-tissue pathologies. This study aimed (1) to identify oral soft and hard-tissue changes in patients with GORD and (2) to evaluate these oral changes as indices for assessing GORD and its severity. SETTING: This cross-sectional study was conducted at four major tertiary care government hospitals, in two metropolitan cities of Pakistan. PARTICIPANTS: In total, 187 of 700 patients who underwent oesophago-gastro-duodenoscopy and having GORD were included in the study. Patients with GORD were divided according to the presence of DE into group A (with DE, chronic/severe GORD) and group B (without DE, mild GORD). Patients who were unconscious and had extremely limited mouth opening were excluded. PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES: Abnormal conditions and lesions of the oral mucosa were recorded. The impact of oral hard and soft-tissue changes on the oral health-related quality of life was assessed using the Pakistani (Urdu) version of the validated Oral Health Impact Profile-14 (OHIP-14) instrument. RESULTS: Oral submucous fibrosis (66.3%), ulceration (59.4%) and xerostomia (47.6%) were significantly more common in group A (p<0.05). The prevalence of GORD was 26.7%, within which the prevalence of DE was 35.3%. Unhealthy dietary pattern, nausea/vomiting, oesophagitis, xerostomia, ulceration, gingivitis and angular cheilitis showed a statistically significant association with chronic GORD and DE. All subscales of OHIP-14 were positively correlated (p<0.05) in patients with GORD and DE, with notable impact on psychological discomfort (rs=0.30), physical disability (rs=0.29), psychological disability (rs=0.27) and functional limitation (rs=0.20). CONCLUSION: Patients with GORD and DE presented with more severe oral manifestations than did those with GORD and no DE. We recommend timely dental check-ups to assess the severity of both systemic and oral disease.


Assuntos
Refluxo Gastroesofágico , Doenças da Boca , Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Qualidade de Vida , Erosão Dentária , Correlação de Dados , Estudos Transversais , Endoscopia do Sistema Digestório/métodos , Endoscopia do Sistema Digestório/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Refluxo Gastroesofágico/diagnóstico , Refluxo Gastroesofágico/epidemiologia , Refluxo Gastroesofágico/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças da Boca/diagnóstico , Doenças da Boca/epidemiologia , Doenças da Boca/etiologia , Doenças da Boca/psicologia , Paquistão/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Erosão Dentária/diagnóstico , Erosão Dentária/epidemiologia , Erosão Dentária/etiologia
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