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2.
Turkiye Parazitol Derg ; 45(3): 190-194, 2021 08 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34346874

RESUMO

Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the post-pandemic changes in the frequency of scabies and determined the clues that may indicate a possible outbreak of scabies in the future. Methods: All patients diagnosed with scabies in the University of Health Sciences Turkey, Erzurum Regional Training and Research Hospital and Palandöken State Hospital between January 2019 and September 2020 were evaluated. Results: The frequency of scabies of 1.87% was remarkable in the first quarter of 2020, which corresponds to the pre-pandemic, and >50% (n=442) of all patients with scabies in 2019 (n=769) were encountered only in the first 3 months. The frequency of scabies seen in the first 3 quarters of 2020 was significantly higher than in 2019 (p<0.001). Significant decreases were found in the 0-14 years age groups (infant, preschool and school period) compared to 2019 (p<0.001, p<0.001 and p=0.015, respectively). No significant increase or decrease was determined in the frequency of scabies in 2020 (p=0.205). In addition, an increase in the number and rates of scabies patients are observed after the first month of normalisation period followed by the increase in the number of Coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) daily cases. Conclusion: Applications for scabies to polyclinics after the pandemic were determined to be too low compared to previous periods, especially in school-age children, and showed an increasing trend over time. Patients with scabies that reach treatment late or not due to the pandemic may cause outbreak aftermath COVID-19.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Escabiose , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Surtos de Doenças , Humanos , Lactente , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Escabiose/epidemiologia
3.
PLoS Negl Trop Dis ; 15(7): e0009577, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34297724

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Crusted scabies is endemic in some remote Aboriginal communities in the Northern Territory (NT) of Australia and carries a high mortality risk. Improvement in active case detection (ACD) for crusted scabies is hampered by a lack of evidence about best practice. We therefore conducted a systematic review of ACD methods for leprosy, a condition with similar ACD requirements, to consider how findings could be informative to crusted scabies detection. METHODS AND PRINCIPLE FINDINGS: We conducted systematic searches in MEDLINE, CINAHL, Scopus and the Cochrane Database for Systematic Reviews for studies published since 1999 that reported at least one comparison rate (detection or prevalence rate) against which the yield of the ACD method could be assessed. The search yielded 15 eligible studies from 511. Study heterogeneity precluded meta-analysis. Contact tracing and community screening of marginalised ethnic groups yielded the highest new case detection rates. Rapid community screening campaigns, and those using less experienced screening personnel, were associated with lower suspect confirmation rates. There is insufficient data to assess whether ACD campaigns improve treatment outcomes or disease control. CONCLUSION: This review demonstrates the importance of ACD campaigns in communities facing the highest barriers to healthcare access and within neighbourhoods of index cases. The potential benefit of ACD for crusted scabies is not quantified, however, lessons from leprosy suggest value in follow-up with previously identified cases and their close contacts to support for scabies control and to reduce the likelihood of reinfection in the crusted scabies case. Skilled screening personnel and appropriate community engagement strategies are needed to maximise screening uptake. More research is needed to assess ACD cost effectiveness, impact on disease control, and to explore ACD methods capable of capturing the homeless and highly mobile who may be missed in household centric models.


Assuntos
Hanseníase/diagnóstico , Escabiose/diagnóstico , Escabiose/patologia , Austrália/epidemiologia , Humanos , Hanseníase/epidemiologia , Escabiose/epidemiologia
4.
PLoS Negl Trop Dis ; 15(6): e0009485, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34125837

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Scabies outbreaks are common in nursing homes in the Netherlands. In October 2018, a local public health service (PHS) in The Hague was notified of a new scabies outbreak in a nursing home in that region. The PHS initiated an outbreak investigation. Cases were defined as: possible (reported symptoms), probable (scabies-like lesions) and confirmed (PCR or microscopy in skin flakes). Head-to-toe examinations were performed of all residents and those staff members who reported symptoms suggestive of scabies. Skin scrapings of lesions were tested either with microscopy or by PCR. Experimentally for case finding, skin flakes from bed linens of residents who reported symptoms of itchiness but did not have primary lesions were sent for PCR testing. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: All residents (41) and 37/44 staff were included in this outbreak investigation. We identified 30 possible, four probable and six confirmed cases. The overall attack rate for probable/confirmed cases was 10/78 (13%). Of the six confirmed cases, two were confirmed by PCR, three by microscopy, and one showed positive findings with both techniques. Two out of the three bed-linen specimens were PCR-positive. CONCLUSIONS: In this outbreak of scabies in a nursing home, PCR was used on skin flakes from bed linens, which led to the detection of two additional cases. This illustrates the potential of PCR during the investigation of scabies outbreaks.


Assuntos
Roupas de Cama, Mesa e Banho/parasitologia , Escabiose/diagnóstico , Pele/microbiologia , Animais , Surtos de Doenças , Humanos , Países Baixos/epidemiologia , Casas de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Sarcoptes scabiei/genética , Sarcoptes scabiei/fisiologia , Escabiose/epidemiologia , Escabiose/parasitologia
5.
PLoS Negl Trop Dis ; 15(6): e0009386, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34061851

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Scabies is a neglected tropical disease of the skin, causing severe itching, stigmatizing skin lesions and systemic complications. Since 2015, the DerMalawi project provide an integrated skin diseases clinics and Tele-dermatology care in Malawi. Clinic based data suggested a progressive increase in scabies cases observed. To better identify and treat individuals with scabies in the region, we shifted from a clinic-based model to a community based outreach programme. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: From May 2015, DerMalawi project provide integrated skin diseases and Tele-dermatological care in the Nkhotakota and Salima health districts in Malawi. Demographic and clinical data of all patients personally attended are recorded. Due to a progressive increase in the number of cases of scabies the project shifted to a community-based outreach programme. For the community outreach activities, we conducted three visits between 2018 to 2019 and undertook screening in schools and villages of Alinafe Hospital catchment area. Treatment was offered for all the cases and school or household contacts. Scabies increased from 2.9% to 39.2% of all cases seen by the DerMalawi project at clinics between 2015 to 2018. During the community-based activities approximately 50% of the population was assessed in each of three visits. The prevalence of scabies was similar in the first two rounds, 15.4% (2392) at the first visit and 17.2% at the second visit. The prevalence of scabies appeared to be lower (2.4%) at the third visit. The prevalence of impetigo appeared unchanged and was 6.7% at the first visit and 5.2% at the final visit. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: Prevalence of scabies in our setting was very high suggesting that scabies is a major public health problem in parts of Malawi. Further work is required to more accurately assess the burden of disease and develop appropriate public health strategies for its control.


Assuntos
Serviços de Saúde Comunitária , Escabiose/diagnóstico , Escabiose/epidemiologia , Acaricidas/uso terapêutico , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Malaui/epidemiologia , Masculino , População Rural , Escabiose/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto Jovem
6.
Turkiye Parazitol Derg ; 45(2): 133-136, 2021 06 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34103291

RESUMO

Objective: Scabies is caused by an ectoparasite called Sarcoptes scabiei (S. scabiei), which penetrates the epidermis through skin folds and burrows in the stratum corneum, following the development of tunnels (sillion). The disease is specifically characterised by keratosis, allergy and itching that increases at night-time. This study aimed to investigate the frequency of S. scabiei in patients with a pro-diagnosis of scabies. Objective: Between January 2012 and December 2019, a total of 746 [n=388 (52%), female; n=358 (48%) male] patients aged 0-80 years were admitted to Firat University Hospital Parasitology-mycology Laboratory. Skin scrapings were taken from suspected lesions on anatomic regions such as the hands (wrist, interdigital skin, fingertip and palm), abdomen, penis and legs (thigh and bottom foot). They were examined under a light microscope after adding 15% potassium hydroxide solution. Results: S. scabiei was positive in 139 (18.63%) of 746 patients including a mother and her daughter and a married couple, where 68 (9.11%) were female and 71 (9.52%) were male. Conclusion: To our best knowledge, this is the first comprehensive study of scabies in Elazig. Despite the recent socio-economic and cultural developments observed in our country, scabies and all other parasitic infestations still remain to be important problems. We believe that improvement of the public vigilance together with early diagnosis will improve sanitation and provide protection against scabies and parasitic infestations.


Assuntos
Sarcoptes scabiei , Escabiose/epidemiologia , Animais , Epiderme/parasitologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , Prurido/parasitologia , Sarcoptes scabiei/citologia , Escabiose/diagnóstico , Escabiose/parasitologia , Escabiose/patologia , Pele/parasitologia
7.
Curr Opin Pediatr ; 33(4): 410-415, 2021 08 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34074914

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF THE REVIEW: This review will update pediatric providers on the recent data regarding the epidemiology, diagnosis, and treatment of common skin infestations affecting children and adolescents. RECENT FINDINGS: Standard superficial skin biopsy for scabies and the vacuum method for head lice can increase diagnostic accuracy and efficiency. There is growing resistance to some of the traditional treatments for scabies and head lice, and progress has been made in finding newer and potentially more effective treatments, such as oral moxidectin for scabies and abametapir for head lice. Recent studies have established the safety of traditional treatments, such as permethrin and oral ivermectin in infants and small children. SUMMARY: Permethrin and ivermectin are both considered safe and effective for children and adolescents with scabies. Permethrin is generally considered safe in infants less than two months of age. Proper application of permethrin is critical, and providers should emphasize proper application technique. Treatment of head lice should only be initiated with active infestations. Resistance to permethrin continues to increase and other options are now available, including an over-the-counter topical ivermectin formulation. Identification and eradication of bed bug infestations are crucial in preventing bedbug bites.


Assuntos
Percevejos-de-Cama , Inseticidas , Infestações por Piolhos , Pediculus , Escabiose , Adolescente , Animais , Criança , Humanos , Infestações por Piolhos/diagnóstico , Infestações por Piolhos/tratamento farmacológico , Infestações por Piolhos/epidemiologia , Escabiose/diagnóstico , Escabiose/tratamento farmacológico , Escabiose/epidemiologia
10.
BMC Pediatr ; 21(1): 249, 2021 05 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34034686

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Scabies is a neglected tropical disease caused by the mite Sarcoptes scabiei that burrows under the skin. It is a major health problem in tropical areas, largely affecting children. Scabies is common and highly contagious and in schoolchildren spreads quite rapidly, due to overcrowding and close contact within the schools. This study aimed to determine the risk factors associated with scabies infestation among primary schoolchildren in Bashagard County, one of the low socio-economic areas in southeast of Iran. METHODS: To conduct this community-based, descriptive, and cross-sectional study, four primary schools were randomly selected in the Bashagard County. All students in these schools were selected and examined for scabies. Clinical examination and sociodemographic profile of students were assessed using a pre-tested structured questionnaire. Chi-square test, and binary logistic regression were used to analyse the factors associated with scabies infestation by SPSS version 21 software. RESULTS: Out of 480 studied schoolchildren, 15 cases of scabies with a prevalence of 3.1 % were observed. The frequency of infestation in males was 1.6 % and it was 4.7 % in females. Independent factors associated with a high risk of scabies infestation in unadjusted analysis were being student of grade 5-6 (cOR = 13.12, 95 % CI 2.92-58.89, p = 0.0001), low educational level of father (cOR = 4.37, 95 % CI 0.97-19.59, p = 0.036), low educational level of mother (cOR = 4.14, 95 % CI 1.92-18.57, p = 0.045), joblessness of father (cOR = 14.77, 95 % CI 4.97-43.89, p = 0.0001), employment of mother (cOR = 5.28, 95 % CI 1.38-20.16, p = 0.007), large family size (cOR = 3.34, 95 % CI 1.05-10.64, p = 0.031), use of shared articles (cOR = 33.37, 95 % CI 10.82-102.90, p = 0.0001), and absence of bathroom in the house (cOR = 11.77, 95 % CI 2.16-63.94, p = 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: Results of this study confirmed that scabies is still one of the most important health problems in the primary schools of the Bashagard County. Low socioeconomic status and personal hygiene of the schoolchildren were the most important factors influencing the prevalence of scabies. Improvement of socioeconomic conditions and implementation of appropriate educational programs and active surveillance system to quickly detect and treat scabies cases are necessary in order to reduce the prevalence of scabies in schoolchildren in this area.


Assuntos
Escabiose , Animais , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Irã (Geográfico)/epidemiologia , Masculino , Fatores de Risco , Sarcoptes scabiei , Escabiose/epidemiologia
11.
Rev Esp Sanid Penit ; 23(1): 37-42, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33847704

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To describe patients with scabies in a prison setting. Document what type of treatment was carried out. Prepare an intervention protocol to improve scabies control in the Penitentiary Center. MATERIAL AND METHOD: All cases of scabies diagnosed in the Youth Detention Centre (La Roca del Vallès, Barcelona) between November 2018 and November 2019 were recorded. The treatment used was recorded. Bibliographical research on the protocols and treatment guidelines was carried out for community-acquired scabies. RESULTS: The study was performed with 762 inmates, of whom 61 patients were diagnosed with scabies. 39 patients' pathologies were detected at the time of admission to the center, 11 cases were diagnosed in the first 6 weeks after entering the prison, coinciding with the incubation period of the disease. Finally, 11 more were diagnosed when they had already been in prison for more than 6 weeks and therefore could be infected cases within the center. This parasitosis was detected mainly in inmates of North African origin, 14.7% of Algerian inmates and 14.2% of Moroccan inmates presented this pathology, compared to 1.6% among Spanish prisoners. All 61 patients were treated with permethrin and 8 cases had to repeat the treatment cycle due to apparent therapeutic failure. Research literature indicates that oral ivermectin should be the drug of first choice for the treatment of scabies in prison. DISCUSSION: The high incidence of scabies cases detected in prison led us to carry out a bibliographic review that brought about changes in the treatment protocol that may be of interest for the control of the disease in closed communities.


Assuntos
Prisioneiros , Escabiose , Adolescente , Humanos , Ivermectina , Permetrina , Prisões , Escabiose/diagnóstico , Escabiose/tratamento farmacológico , Escabiose/epidemiologia
12.
PLoS Negl Trop Dis ; 15(4): e0009330, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33861741

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Scabies is often endemic in tribal communities and difficult to control. We assessed the efficacy of a community-based intervention using mass screening and treatment with oral ivermectin in controlling scabies. METHODS/ FINDINGS: In this cluster randomised controlled trial, 12 villages were randomly selected from a cluster of 42 tribal villages in Gadchiroli district. In these villages, trained community health workers (CHWs) conducted mass screening for scabies. The diagnosis was confirmed by a physician. Six villages each were randomly allocated to the intervention and usual care arm (control arm). In the intervention arm (population 1184) CHWs provided directly observed oral ivermectin to scabies cases and their household contacts. In the usual care arm (population 1567) scabies cases were referred to the nearest clinic for topical treatment as per the standard practice. The primary outcome was prevalence of scabies two months after the treatment. Secondary outcomes were prevalence of scabies after twelve months of treatment and prevalence of impetigo after two and twelve months of treatment. Outcomes were measured by the team in a similar way as the baseline. The trial was registered with the clinical trial registry of India, number CTRI/2017/01/007704. In the baseline, 2 months and 12 months assessments 92.4%, 96% and 94% of the eligible individuals were screened in intervention villages and 91.4%, 91.3% and 95% in the usual care villages. The prevalence of scabies in the intervention and usual care arm was 8.4% vs 8.1% at the baseline, 2.8% vs 8.8% at two months [adjusted relative risk (ARR) 0.21, 95% CI 0.11-0.38] and 7.3% vs 14.1% (ARR 0.49, 95% CI 0.25-0.98) at twelve months The prevalence of impetigo in the intervention and usual care arm was 1.7% vs 0.6% at baseline, 0.6% vs 1% at two months (ARR 0.55, 95% CI 0.22-1.37) and 0.3% vs 0.7% at 12 months (ARR 0.42, 95% CI 0.06-2.74). Adverse effects due to ivermectin occurred in 12.1% of patients and were mild. CONCLUSIONS: Mass screening and treatment in the community with oral ivermectin delivered by the CHWs is superior to mass screening followed by usual care involving referral to clinic for topical treatment in controlling scabies in this tribal community in Gadchiroli.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos/administração & dosagem , Impetigo/tratamento farmacológico , Ivermectina/administração & dosagem , Administração Massiva de Medicamentos , Escabiose/tratamento farmacológico , Administração Oral , Adolescente , Adulto , Anti-Infecciosos/efeitos adversos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Serviços de Saúde Comunitária , Feminino , Humanos , Impetigo/epidemiologia , Índia/epidemiologia , Ivermectina/efeitos adversos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Programas de Rastreamento , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Escabiose/epidemiologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
13.
Parasit Vectors ; 14(1): 171, 2021 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33743796

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In Spain, sarcoptic mange was first described in native wildlife in 1987 in Cazorla Natural Park, causing the death of nearly 95% of the local native population of Iberian ibex (Capra pyrenaica). Since then, additional outbreaks have been identified in several populations of ibex and other wild ungulate species throughout the country. Although the first epizootic outbreak in wildlife was attributed to the introduction of an infected herd of domestic goats, the origin and the cause of its persistence remain unclear. The main aims of this study are to understand (i) the number of Sarcoptes scabiei "strains" circulating in wild ruminant populations in Spain, and (ii) the molecular epidemiological relationships between S. scabiei and its hosts. METHODS: Ten Sarcoptes microsatellite markers were used to characterize the genetic structure of 266 mites obtained from skin scrapings of 121 mangy wild ruminants between 2011 and 2019 from 11 areas in Spain. RESULTS: Seventy-three different alleles and 37 private alleles were detected. The results of this study show the existence of three genetic strains of S. scabiei in the wild ruminant populations investigated. While two genetic clusters of S. scabiei were host- and geography-related, one cluster included multi-host mites deriving from geographically distant populations. CONCLUSIONS: The molecular epidemiological study of S. scabiei in wild ruminants in Spain indicates that the spreading and persistence of the parasite may be conditioned by host species community composition and the permissiveness of each host population/community to the circulation of individual "strains," among other factors. Wildlife-livestock interactions and the role of human-driven introduction or trade of wild and domestic animals should be better investigated to prevent further spread of sarcoptic mange in as yet unaffected natural areas of the Iberian Peninsula.


Assuntos
Animais Selvagens/parasitologia , Repetições de Microssatélites , Ruminantes/parasitologia , Sarcoptes scabiei/genética , Escabiose/epidemiologia , Escabiose/veterinária , Animais , Proteínas de Artrópodes/genética , Surtos de Doenças , Pele/parasitologia , Espanha
14.
Parasit Vectors ; 14(1): 156, 2021 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33722285

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Scabies and impetigo are endemic in many tropical, low- and middle-income countries. Mass drug administration (MDA) with ivermectin has emerged as a control strategy for these conditions. In 2019, Timor-Leste Ministry of Health planned to implement MDA including ivermectin for the control of lymphatic filariasis, so we undertook a baseline assessment of scabies and impetigo to better understand local epidemiology and contribute to future surveys assessing the impact of MDA. METHODS: A cross-sectional school survey was conducted in April-May 2019 at six primary schools in a semi-urban (Dili) and two rural (Ermera and Manufahi) settings. Children under 19 years of age present at school on survey days were eligible to participate, of whom we enrolled 1183. Trained health workers interviewed and examined 1043 participants to clinically diagnose scabies using the 2020 International Alliance for the Control of Scabies (IACS) diagnostic criteria, as well as impetigo. Prevalence was adjusted for age and sex. Mixed-effects logistic regression models were used to analyse odds of scabies and impetigo infection. All models accounted for clustering at the school level through the use of random effect terms. Population attributable risk of scabies as a cause of impetigo was also estimated. RESULTS: The overall weighted prevalence of scabies was 30.6%. Children in rural Manufahi were more likely to have scabies than those in semi-urban Dili (53.6% vs 28.2%, adjusted odds ratio [AOR] 3.5). Most cases of scabies were mild (3 to 10 lesions), and lesions were usually distributed on more than one body region. Scabies prevalence was lower among 10 to 14 year olds compared to 5 to 9 year olds. Overall weighted prevalence of impetigo was 11.3%. Relative to Dili, children in rural Ermera and Manufahi were twice as likely to have impetigo. Impetigo was twice as common in children with scabies than in those without, corresponding to an attributable risk of scabies as a cause of impetigo of 22.7%. CONCLUSIONS: Scabies and impetigo prevalence in Timor-Leste is among the highest reported globally, particularly in rural areas. Scabies infestation was strongly associated with impetigo. Comprehensive control strategies are urgently needed in Timor-Leste.


Assuntos
Impetigo/epidemiologia , População , Escabiose/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Razão de Chances , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , População Rural , Timor-Leste/epidemiologia
15.
J Wildl Dis ; 57(3): 628-631, 2021 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33787886

RESUMO

Recent sarcoptic mange epizootics have affected free-ranging black bears (Ursus americanus) in the northeastern US, but not in North Carolina. To determine whether black bears in eastern North Carolina have exposure to Sarcoptes scabiei, serum samples from hunter-harvested black bears (n=45) were collected and evaluated for antibodies using a commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay previously validated in black bears. No dermal lesions consistent with sarcoptic mange were identified in the sampled bears. The seroprevalence among these asymptomatic bears was 18%, with no significant difference between sexes or association with age. This suggests that exposure to Sarcoptes scabiei occurs within the population, and highlights the importance of serosurveys in regions without a history of clinical mange.


Assuntos
Escabiose , Ursidae , Animais , North Carolina/epidemiologia , Sarcoptes scabiei , Escabiose/epidemiologia , Escabiose/veterinária , Estudos Soroepidemiológicos
16.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 118(10)2021 03 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33649227

RESUMO

The population structure of social species has important consequences for both their demography and transmission of their pathogens. We develop a metapopulation model that tracks two key components of a species' social system: average group size and number of groups within a population. While the model is general, we parameterize it to mimic the dynamics of the Yellowstone wolf population and two associated pathogens: sarcoptic mange and canine distemper. In the initial absence of disease, we show that group size is mainly determined by the birth and death rates and the rates at which groups fission to form new groups. The total number of groups is determined by rates of fission and fusion, as well as environmental resources and rates of intergroup aggression. Incorporating pathogens into the models reduces the size of the host population, predominantly by reducing the number of social groups. Average group size responds in more subtle ways: infected groups decrease in size, but uninfected groups may increase when disease reduces the number of groups and thereby reduces intraspecific aggression. Our modeling approach allows for easy calculation of prevalence at multiple scales (within group, across groups, and population level), illustrating that aggregate population-level prevalence can be misleading for group-living species. The model structure is general, can be applied to other social species, and allows for a dynamic assessment of how pathogens can affect social structure and vice versa.


Assuntos
Cinomose , Modelos Biológicos , Escabiose , Lobos , Animais , Cinomose/epidemiologia , Cinomose/transmissão , Dinâmica Populacional , Prevalência , Escabiose/epidemiologia , Escabiose/transmissão , Escabiose/veterinária
17.
PLoS Negl Trop Dis ; 15(2): e0009142, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33617544

RESUMO

Pacific Island countries have a high burden of scabies and impetigo. Understanding of the epidemiology of these diseases is needed to target public health interventions such as mass drug administration (MDA). The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of scabies and impetigo in Solomon Islands as well as the relationship between them and their distribution. We conducted a prevalence study in 20 villages in Western Province in Solomon Islands. All residents of the village were eligible to participate. Nurses conducted clinical assessments including history features and skin examination. Diagnosis of scabies was made using the 2020 International Alliance for the Control of Scabies diagnostic criteria. Assessments were completed on 5239 participants across 20 villages. Overall scabies prevalence was 15.0% (95%CI 11.8-19.1). There was considerable variation by village with a range of 3.3% to 42.6%. There was a higher prevalence of scabies in males (16.7%) than females (13.5%, adjusted relative risk 1.2, 95%CI 1.1-1.4). Children aged under two years had the highest prevalence (27%). Overall impetigo prevalence was 5.6% (95%CI 4.2-7.3), ranging from 1.4% to 19% by village. The population attributable risk of impetigo associated with scabies was 16.1% (95% CI 9.8-22.4). The prevalence of scabies in our study is comparable to previous studies in Solomon Islands, highlighting a persistent high burden of disease in the country, and the need for public health strategies for disease control.


Assuntos
Impetigo/epidemiologia , Escabiose/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Impetigo/diagnóstico , Lactente , Masculino , Melanesia/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Escabiose/diagnóstico , Fatores Sexuais
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