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1.
Actas esp. psiquiatr ; 46(4): 117-124, jul.-ago. 2018. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-174678

RESUMO

Introducción. En el siglo XXI los trastornos de ansiedad se han convertido en los más prevalentes en México, la preocupación excesiva es una de las primeras características que permiten su identificación. Contar con un instrumento válido y fiable que evalúe la preocupación patológica es fundamental para identificar el trastorno en su inicio. Metodología. El objetivo del presente trabajo fue analizar las propiedades psicométricas del cuestionario de Preocupación Pensilvania (PSWQ) en las cuatro diferentes versiones utilizadas en contextos clínicos en países de habla hispana: la escala original (PSWQ-16), la escala con ítems directos (PSWQ-16D) y dos versiones abreviadas (PSWQ-11 y PSWQ-8). Un total de 2.267 participantes respondieron a las diferentes versiones de los cuestionarios. Resultados. Nuestros resultados sugieren que la escala original (de 16 ítems) ajusta mejor al modelo de 2 factores relacionados. Sin embargo, el análisis con la versión del PSWQ con los reactivos directos y las versiones reducidas (de 11 y 8 reactivos), junto a otros argumentos indican que es más conveniente concebir el constructo de forma unidimensional. Además se observó una elevada consistencia interna y fiabilidad test-retest, así como una adecuada validez concurrente y discriminante. Conclusiones. Los resultados sugieren utilizar las versiones reducidas que muestran una estructura de un solo factor y mejores indicadores de ajuste. Se discuten los resultados y se sugieren futuras investigaciones


Background. In the XXI century anxiety disorders have become the most prevalent in Mexico, excessive worry is one of the first features that allows its identification. Have a valid and reliable instrument to assess the pathological worry is essential to identify the disorder from the beginning. Method. The aim of this study was to analyze the psychometric properties of the Penn state worry questionnaire (PSWQ) in the four different versions used in clinical contexts in Spanish-speaking countries: the original scale (PSWQ-16), the direct form of the scale (PSWQ-16D) and two abbreviated versions (PSWQ-11 y PSWQ-8). A total of 2,267 participants were given those versions of the questionnaire. Results. Our results suggest that the original scale (16 items) fits to two related factors model. However, the analysis of the PSWQ version with all the items in its direct form and short versions (11 and 8 direct items), together with other arguments indicate that it is more convenient to conceive a one dimensional construct. Besides high internal consistency and test-retest reliability, and adequate concurrent and discriminant validity. Conclusions. Results suggest use of the short versions (11 and 8 direct items) which shows a one-dimensional structure and the best goodness of fit indices. Results are discussed and future research are suggested


Assuntos
Humanos , Psicometria/estatística & dados numéricos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários , Análise Fatorial , Inventário de Personalidade , Escala de Ansiedade Manifesta/estatística & dados numéricos
2.
Enferm. glob ; 17(51): 90-100, jul. 2018. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-173962

RESUMO

Objetivo: Evaluar el nivel de ansiedad en el personal de enfermería de la Estrategia Salud de la Familia, con énfasis en los aspectos clave para la aparición de la ansiedad. Método: Estudio descriptivo, enfoque cuantitativo transversal, constituido por 28 técnicos de enfermería, mediante el Inventario de Ansiedad Traço-Estado (IDATE) como una herramienta para la recolección de datos. Resultados: 8 técnicos de enfermería mostraron niveles de alta ansiedad alta 20 baja ansiedad. Hubo un aumento en la puntuación en el IDATE-E en el momento durante la realización de actividades, con diferencia estadísticamente significativa en relación al momento antes. Los bajos salarios, la carga de trabajo y la devaluación profesional fueron identificados como factores responsables de causar la aparición de la ansiedad en el contexto del trabajo. Conclusión: El estudio muestra un predominio de baja ansiedad entre la población estudiada, sin embargo, fue posible detectar factores desencadenantes de ansiedad, lo que indica que estos aspectos pueden dañar la peculiaridad de la asistencia a los usuarios


Objetivo: A valiar o nível de ansiedade em técnicos de enfermagem da Estratégia de Saúde da Família, enfatizando os aspectos determinantes para o surgimento da ansiedade. Método: Estudo de característica descritiva, transversal, abordagem quantitativa, constituído por 28 Técnicos de Enfermagem, utilizando o Inventário de Ansiedade Traço-Estado (IDATE) como instrumento para a coleta de dados. Resultados: 8 técnicos de enfermagem apresentaram níveis de alta ansiedade e 20 de baixa ansiedade. Houve um aumento no escore no IDATE-E no momento durante a realização das atividades, com diferença estatística em relação ao momento antes. A baixa remuneração, sobrecarga de trabalho e desvalorização profissional foram apontados como fatores responsáveis por provocar o aparecimento da ansiedade no âmbito de trabalho. Conclusão: O estudo evidencia uma predominância da baixa ansiedade entre a população estudada, porém, foi possível detectar fatores desencadeadores da ansiedade, apontando de que tais aspect os podem vir a prejudicar a peculiaridade da assistência ao usuário


Objective : To evaluate the level of anxiety in nursing technicians of the Family Health Strategy, emphasizing the determinant aspects for the emergence of anxiety. Method: A descriptive, cross-sectional, quantitative approach, consisting of 28 Nursing Technicians, using the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) as an instrument for data collection.Results: Eight nursing technicians presented levels of high anxiety and 20 of low anxiety. There was an increase in the S-Anxiety Scale score during the activities, with statistical difference in relation to the moment before. The low remuneration, work overload and professional devaluation were pointed out as factors responsible for provoking the appearance of anxiety within the scope of work. Conclusion: The study evidences a predominance of low anxiety among the study population; however, it was possible to detect factors triggering the anxiety, pointing out that such aspects may come to harm the peculiarity of the assistance to the user


Assuntos
Humanos , Transtornos de Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Escala de Ansiedade Manifesta/estatística & dados numéricos , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia , Enfermeiras de Saúde da Família/estatística & dados numéricos , Atenção Primária à Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Carga de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Assistentes de Enfermagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais
3.
Enferm. clín. (Ed. impr.) ; 28(supl.1): 199-202, feb. 2018. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-173087

RESUMO

Objective: This study identified the association of the preexisting anxiety problem in women diagnosed with cervical cancer with their demographic characteristics. Method: This was a cross sectional study with 100 participants selected by purposive sampling method. Data were collected through Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HARS) questionnaire and the medical records of participants. Results: Work status was the only demographic characteristic which was found to be statistically significantly related to the anxiety level of the participants before they were diagnosed with cervical cancer. Participants who worked at home as housewives were found to have higher anxiety level than those worked at the institutions or industry. Conclusions: Working women in this study were more likely to have the preexisting anxiety problem prior their cervical cancer diagnosis. This study implies the importance of promoting healthy lifestyle to manage daily stressors, considering various interrelated factors that may eventually contribute to cervical cancer development in women


No disponible


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/psicologia , Adaptação Psicológica , Transtornos de Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Escala de Ansiedade Manifesta/estatística & dados numéricos , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Indonésia/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Exacerbação dos Sintomas , Fatores de Risco
4.
Int. j. clin. health psychol. (Internet) ; 17(3): 197-206, sept.-dic. 2017. tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-166309

RESUMO

Mental health and well-being are closely related to age. Complete mental health includes psychopathological symptoms (negative mental health) and subjective well-being (positive mental health). The aim was to compare indicators of complete mental health across the lifespan cross-culturally. Method: We tested age trends in measures of resilience, social support and positive and negative mental health, including the subscales depression, anxiety and stress using data from national representative samples from Germany, Russia and the United States (U.S.) ranging in age from 18 to 100 (N=6,303). Results: The effects of age differed in each country. Today’s older Germans experienced more positive and less negative mental health whereas today's older Russians experienced less positive and more negative mental health than the younger people. In the U.S., positive mental health was higher among the older adults, but there was no effect of age for negative mental health. Age also had significant linear and curvilinear effects on resilience and social support. Conclusions: The pattern of mental health across the lifespan is clearly dependent on the nation (AU)


La salud mental y el bienestar están relacionados con la edad. La salud mental completa incluye síntomas psicopatológicos (salud mental negativa) y bienestar subjetivo (salud mental positiva). El objetivo es una comparación transcultural de los indicadores de salud mental completa a lo largo de la vida. Método: Hemos probado las tendencias de edad en medidas de resiliencia, apoyo social y salud mental positiva y negativa, incluyendo depresión, ansiedad y estrés, utilizando datos de muestras nacionales representativas de Alemania, Rusia y Estados Unidos con edades entre 18 y 100 años (N=6.303). Resultados: Los efectos de la edad diferían en cada país. Los alemanes mayores experimentaron una salud mental más positiva y menos negativa, mientras que los rusos mayores experimentaron una salud mental menos positiva y más negativa que los jóvenes. En Estados Unidos, la salud mental positiva fue mayor entre los adultos mayores, pero no hubo efectos de la edad para la salud mental negativa. La edad también tuvo efectos lineales y curvilíneos significativos sobre la resiliencia y el apoyo social. Conclusiones: El patrón de salud mental a lo largo de la vida depende claramente de la nación (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Saúde Mental/estatística & dados numéricos , Saúde Mental/tendências , Comparação Transcultural , Apoio Social , Psicometria/métodos , Escala de Ansiedade Manifesta/estatística & dados numéricos , Psicopatologia/métodos , Psicopatologia/tendências , Ansiedade/psicologia , Transtornos de Ansiedade/psicologia , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Federação Russa/epidemiologia , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Análise Estatística
5.
Ansiedad estrés ; 23(2/3): 53-58, jul.-dic. 2017. graf, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-169507

RESUMO

Antecedentes: El presente estudio tiene por objetivo: a) examinar la estructura interna del STAI en población dominicana; b) verificar la consistencia interna; c) obtener evidencias de validez de criterio correlacionando las puntuaciones del STAI con depresión, y d) comparar las puntuaciones del STAI en población general y hospitalaria, examinando su capacidad discriminativa. Método: Para la validación del STAI se utilizó una muestra de 1,034 participantes constituida por población general (n = 792) y hospitalaria (n = 242) de Santiago de los Caballeros, República Dominicana. Resultados y conclusiones: Los resultados avalan una solución factorial de 2 factores denominados ansiedad presente y bienestar. Esta solución da cuenta de adecuados índices de ajuste y consistencia interna aceptable y óptima. Por otra parte, los análisis de validez mediante comparación de grupos permiten corroborar que la escala distingue adecuadamente entre población general y psiquiátrica. Finalmente, se encuentran correlaciones fuertes entre la ansiedad y los niveles de depresión (AU)


Background: The present study aims to: a) examine the internal structure of STAI in the Dominican population; b) verify internal consistency; c) obtain evidence of criterion validity by correlating STAI scores with depression, and d) compare STAI scores in general and hospital population, to examine their discriminative capacity. Method: For the validation of the STAI scale, a sample of 1034 participants from the general (n = 792) and hospital (n = 242) population of Santiago de los Caballeros, Dominican Republic. Results and conclusions: The results support a factorial solution of two factors, namely present anxiety and well-being. This solution provides adequate index of fit and optimum internal consistency. On the other hand, validity analyses through group comparison allowed us to confirm that the scale adequately distinguishes between general and psychiatric populations. Finally, there are strong correlations between anxiety and depression levels (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Transtornos de Ansiedade/diagnóstico , Escala de Ansiedade Manifesta/estatística & dados numéricos , Psicometria/instrumentação , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , República Dominicana/epidemiologia , Análise Fatorial
6.
Ansiedad estrés ; 23(2/3): 59-65, jul.-dic. 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-169508

RESUMO

Secondary students' low achievement and engagement in mathematics is known to relate closely to their math anxiety. Despite the international body of research, the theoretical conceptualization of the construct math anxiety is still debated, showing strong discrepancies regarding its factor structure. Therefore, the aim of this paper is to develop and validate a new instrument, called Scale for Assessing Math Anxiety in Secondary education (SAMAS), by testing several models through confirmatory factor analysis. Data were collected from 563 secondary students, with an average age of 13.96 (SD = 1.09) years. Several models for the construct were tested through confirmatory factor analysis. The results largely confirmed that the hierarquical structure showed the best fit to the data (χ2(166, N = 563) = 61.22; RMSEA = .046; SRMR = .045; NNFI = .94; CFI = .95), resulting in the psychometrically sound 20-item SAMAS, wherein math anxiety comprises three underlying factors (AU)


El bajo rendimiento y dedicación de los estudiantes de secundaria a las matemáticas está estrechamente relacionado con la ansiedad matemática. A pesar de la investigación internacional, la conceptualización teórica del constructo ansiedad matemática es todavía debatida, mostrando fuertes discrepancias relativas a su estructura factorial. Por tanto, el objetivo de este estudio es desarrollar y validar un nuevo instrumento, denominado Scale for Assessing Math Anxiety in Secondary Education (SAMAS), para el que se analizan diferentes modelos mediante Análisis Factorial Confirmatorio. La muestra estuvo compuesta por 563 estudiantes, con una edad media de 13.96 (DE=1.09) años. Los resultados ampliamente confirmaron que la estructura jerárquica fue la que arrojó el mejor ajuste del modelo (χ2[166, N = 563] =361.22; RMSEA = .046; SRMR = .045; NNFI = .94; CFI = .95), resultando en un instrumento psicométricamente robusto de 20 items, compuesto por 3 factores subyacentes (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Transtornos de Ansiedade/psicologia , Escala de Ansiedade Manifesta/estatística & dados numéricos , Matemática , Transtorno de Aprendizagem Específico/psicologia , Psicometria/instrumentação , Ensino Fundamental e Médio , Análise Fatorial , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia
7.
Psicothema (Oviedo) ; 29(3): 364-369, ago. 2017. ilus, tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-165460

RESUMO

Background: Despite the multisensory nature of perception, previous research on emotions has been focused on unimodal emotional cues with visual stimuli. To the best of our knowledge, there is no evidence on the extent to which incongruent emotional cues from visual and auditory sensory channels affect pupil size. Aims: To investigate the effects of audiovisual emotional information perception on the physiological and affective response, but also to determine the impact of mismatched cues in emotional perception on these physiological indexes. Method: Pupil size, electrodermal activity and affective subjective responses were recorded while 30 participants were exposed to visual and auditory stimuli with varied emotional content in three different experimental conditions: pictures and sounds presented alone (unimodal), emotionally matched audio-visual stimuli (bimodal congruent) and emotionally mismatched audio-visual stimuli (bimodal incongruent). Results: The data revealed no effect of emotional incongruence on physiological and affective responses. On the other hand, pupil size covaried with skin conductance response (SCR), but the subjective experience was partially dissociated from autonomic responses. Conclusion: Emotional stimuli are able to trigger physiological responses regardless of valence, sensory modality or level of emotional congruence (AU)


Antecedentes: a pesar de la naturaleza multisensorial de la percepción, la investigación que se ha hecho hasta el momento sobre las emociones se ha centrado en las señales emocionales típicamente unimodales. Según nuestro conocimiento, no existen estudios previos sobre cómo las señales emocionales incongruentes pueden afectar el tamaño de la pupila. Objetivos: investigar los efectos de la percepción de la información emocional audiovisual incongruente sobre las respuestas de tipo fisiológico y afectivo. Método: el tamaño pupilar, la actividad electrodérmica y las respuestas subjetivas afectivas de 30 participantes fueron registradas mientras ellos veían y escuchaban estímulos con contenido emocional que fueron expuestos en tres condiciones experimentales diferentes: imágenes y sonidos presentados aisladamente (unimodal); estímulos audiovisuales emocionalmente coincidentes (congruente bimodal); y estímulos audiovisuales emocionalmente no coincidentes (incongruente bimodal). Resultados: el estudio no reveló un efecto de la incongruencia emocional sobre las respuestas fisiológicas y afectivas. De otra parte, se encontró que el tamaño pupilar presenta una covariación con la actividad dérmica. Sin embargo, la experiencia subjetiva se mostró parcialmente disociada de las respuestas autónomas. Conclusión: los estímulos emocionales tienen la capacidad de desencadenar reacciones fisiológicas, independientemente de la valencia, modalidad sensorial o nivel de congruencia (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Afeto/fisiologia , Emoções/fisiologia , Expressão Facial , Psicofisiologia/métodos , Reflexo Pupilar/fisiologia , Escala de Ansiedade Manifesta/estatística & dados numéricos
8.
Rehabilitación (Madr., Ed. impr.) ; 51(2): 73-78, abr.-jun. 2017. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-161931

RESUMO

Introducción y objetivos. El objetivo de este trabajo es analizar diferentes factores que pueden influir en la afectación psicológica, la capacidad funcional y la calidad de vida en personas que han sufrido una parálisis facial periférica (PFP) no resuelta completamente. Material y métodos. Se realizó un estudio transversal retrospectivo con 31 pacientes que habían sufrido una PFP cuya resolución fue incompleta. Los factores analizados fueron: severidad, edad, sexo, lateralidad, etiología, grado de lesión inicial del nervio, tiempo de evolución, estado civil y ocupación laboral. Se utilizaron cuestionarios de afectación psicológica (Escala de Ansiedad y Depresión Hospitalaria [HADS]), discapacidad (Índice de Discapacidad Facial [FDI]) y calidad de vida (Facial Clinimetric Evaluation Scale [FaCE]). Resultados. El factor más relevante fue la severidad, con correlaciones estadísticamente significativas con el FaCE total (r=0,596; p<0,01), el FaCE social (r=0,444; p<0,05), el FDI física (r=0,539; p<0,01), y el FDI total (r=0,395; p<0,05). La edad se correlacionaba con el FDI social (r=0,36; p<0,05). Los que tenían pareja presentaban mayor discapacidad, con diferencias de medias estadísticamente significativas en el FDI física (p<0,01) y el FDI total (p<0,01). Trabajar de cara al público asociaba una peor calidad de vida, con diferencias estadísticamente significativas en el FaCE total (p<0,05). Conclusión. La severidad de la PFP tiene una correlación directa con la discapacidad y la calidad de vida. La edad influye en la discapacidad social. El estado civil se asocia con la discapacidad y el trabajo con la calidad de vida. La influencia del resto de factores es poco relevante (AU)


Introduction and objectives. The aim of this study was to analyse various factors that can contribute to psychological distress, functional capacity and quality of life in people with incompletely resolved peripheral facial palsy (PFP). Material and methods. We performed a retrospective cross-sectional study in 31 patients with incompletely resolved PFP. The factors analysed were: severity, age, gender, laterality, aetiology, degree of initial nerve injury, duration, marital status and occupation. Psychological distress was assessed through the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), disability through the Facial Disability Index (FDI) and quality of life through the Facial Clinimetric Evaluation Scale (FaCE) questionnaires. Results. The most important factor was severity, with statistically significant correlations with FaCE Total (r=0.596; p<0.01), FaCE Social (r=0.444; p<0.05), FDI Physical (r=0.539; p<0.01), and FDI Total (r=0.395; p<0.05). Age was correlated with FDI Social (r=0.36; p<0.05). Patients with a partner showed more disability, with statistically significant differences in mean scores of FDI Physical (p<0.01) and FDI Total (p<0.01). Working with the public was associated with lower quality of life, with statistically significant differences in FaCE Total (p<0.05). Conclusion. The severity of PFP is directly correlated with disability and quality of life. Age influences social disability. Marital status is associated with disability and occupation with quality of life. The other factors studied had little influence (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Paralisia Facial/complicações , Paralisia Facial/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida , Transtornos de Ansiedade/psicologia , Escala de Ansiedade Manifesta/estatística & dados numéricos , Depressão/diagnóstico , Depressão/psicologia , Estudos Transversais/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Saúde da Pessoa com Deficiência
9.
Int. j. psychol. psychol. ther. (Ed. impr.) ; 17(2): 189-198, jun. 2017. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-163146

RESUMO

Research demonstrates that patients’ expectations about treatment outcome are an important predictor of actual psychotherapeutic treatment outcome. So far, only few psychometrically sound expectancy questionnaires are available to assess treatment expectancy. The Anxiety Change Expectancy Scale (ACES) is a promising 20-item questionnaire which measures patients’ expectations about being able to change anxiety regarding and regardless from treatment. Psychometric properties of the Dutch language version of the ACES (ACES-NL) are investigated in 212 patients referred to a mental health institute because of suspected anxiety disorders. Reliability (i.e., internal consistency, inter-item, test-retest reliability) is investigated. Validity is examined in terms of internal structure and relations with the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2-Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF), Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS) and Self-Efficacy Scale (SES). Reliability statistics are good to excellent. Factor analysis reveals a one factor solution. Meaningful relations with relevant MMPI-2-RF scales are established. BHS and SES scores demonstrate satisfactory concurrent and discriminant validity. Treatment outcome expectancy is discussed against the background of relevant models. Further research on predictive validity of the ACES-NL is warranted (AU)


No disponible


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Psicometria/métodos , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Ansiedade/psicologia , Escala de Ansiedade Manifesta/estatística & dados numéricos , Testes Psicológicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Conduta Expectante/estatística & dados numéricos , Psicoterapia/métodos , Psicoterapia/estatística & dados numéricos , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/psicologia , Declaração de Helsinki , Análise de Dados/estatística & dados numéricos , Análise Discriminante
10.
Span. j. psychol ; 20(1): e51.1-e51.11, 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-167285

RESUMO

Depression and Social Anxiety Disorder are commonly conceptualized by the presence of negative affect. However, these disorders are also characterized by lack of positive affect, presence of negative cognitions, and emotion dysregulation which may play an important role in the onset and maintenance of these disorders. The present study explored differences among these variables in 189 clinical patients diagnosed with Major Depression, Social Anxiety Disorder, or both. Results showed differences in lack of positivity F(2, 185) = 18.92, p = .0001, η2 = .17, presence of negative cognitions F(2, 185) = 13.97, p = .0001, η2 = .13, and the use of rumination F(2, 185) = 14.63, p = .0001, η2 = .14 and punishment F(2, 181) = 7.64, p = .001, η2 = .08 among groups. Overall, lack of positivity, negative cognitions, and emotion dysregulation were elevated in the comorbid group, whereas lack of positivity and negative cognitions were specifically found for patients diagnosed with depression compared to socially anxious patients. In addition, the study examined the relation of both, lack of positivity and negative cognitions, to emotion regulation processes among groups. Overall, lack of positivity was associated with fear and avoidance in the social anxiety group (all r > .417, p < .01), whereas lack of positivity and negative cognitions were associated with rumination across the three groups (all r > .370, p < .01). Limitations of the present study and future directions are discussed (AU)


No disponible


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Transtorno Depressivo Maior/psicologia , Transtornos de Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Transtornos de Ansiedade/psicologia , Psicometria/métodos , Inventário de Personalidade/estatística & dados numéricos , Punição/psicologia , Comorbidade , Escala de Ansiedade Manifesta/estatística & dados numéricos , Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica/estatística & dados numéricos , Análise de Variância , Psicopatologia/métodos
12.
Enferm. nefrol ; 19(2): 118-124, abr.-jun. 2016. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-154064

RESUMO

Introducción: La enfermería es por naturaleza una profesión con alto riesgo de generar estrés entre sus profesionales. Diversos estudios así lo demuestran1,2. Objetivos: - Valorar la presencia del burn out en nuestro servicio. - Valorar si existen diferencias entre TCAE y enfermeras. - Valorar si hay diferencias según la edad y el tiempo en el servicio. Metodología: Se realizó un estudio de tipo cualitativo, descriptivo, transversal y monocéntrico, en el servicio de nefrología del Hospital U. Rio Hortega de Valladolid. Para ello se utilizó dos cuestionarios, el BMI y el STAI. Resultados: Completaron los cuestionarios el 77,27 %. La muestra fue 11 enfermeras y 5 TCAE y solo uno era un hombre. Las edades oscilan de 28 y 62 años y el tiempo medio en el servicio fue 11,1 años. TEST MBI: - Subescala cansancio emocional: El 12.5% niveles muy altos, el 6.25% niveles medios y el resto niveles bajos. - Subescala de despersonalización: El 12.5% tenía niveles muy altos, el 25% niveles medios y el 62.5% niveles bajos. - Subescala de realización personal: El 25% tenía niveles bajos, el 31.25% tenía niveles medios y el 44.75% tenía niveles altos. Tomando como variables el tiempo trabajado y la edad no hay diferencia estadísticamente significativa. La media para la escala STAI-S fue de 19.53 ± 3.02 y para STAI-T fue de 14,24 ± 7,12. Conclusiones: Los profesionales sanitarios evaluados por el BMI tienen bajos niveles de agotamiento, y de ellos sólo una persona tiene síndrome de burn out. Las enfermeras tienen más agotamiento emocional pero están más satisfechas que las TCAE y la ansiedad es de carácter predominantemente transitorio en ambas (AU)


Introduction: Nursing is by nature a profession with high risk of generating stress among professionals. Several studies show it. Objectives: - Assess the presence of burn out in our unit. - Assess whether there are differences between nursing assistants and nurses. - Assess whether there are differences according to age and time of service. Methodology: A qualitative study, descriptive, cross-sectional and single-center, in the nephrology unit of the University Hospital Rio Hortega of Valladolid was carried out. For this purpose two questionnaires, BMI and STAI were used. Results: Questionnaires were completed on 77.27%. The sample was 11 nurses and five nursing assistants and only one was a man. The ages range from 28 to 62 years and the average time the unit was 11.1 years. TEST MBI: - Emotional exhaustion subscale: 12.5% very high levels, the 6.25% average levels and the rest low levels. - Depersonalization subscale: 12.5% had very high levels, 25% average and 62.5% low levels. - Personal fulfillment subscale: 25% had low levels, 31.25% had average levels and 44.75% had high levels. Taking as variables, time worked and age there are no statistically significant differences. The average for the STAI-S scale was 19.53 ± 3.02 and STAI-T was 14.24 ± 7.12. Conclusions: Healthcare professionals evaluated by BMI have low levels of exhaustion, of which only one person has a burn out syndrome. Nurses have more emotional exhaustion but are more satisfied than nursing assistants, and anxiety in both professions is predominantly transient (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Avaliação em Enfermagem/organização & administração , Avaliação em Enfermagem/normas , Ansiedade/diagnóstico , Ansiedade/enfermagem , Enfermagem em Nefrologia/métodos , Enfermagem em Nefrologia/tendências , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem/psicologia , Esgotamento Profissional/complicações , Esgotamento Profissional/enfermagem , Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia , Análise Qualitativa , Estudos Transversais/métodos , Estudos Transversais/tendências , Ansiedade/psicologia , Avaliação em Enfermagem , Estudos Transversais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Escala de Ansiedade Manifesta/estatística & dados numéricos , Escala de Ansiedade Manifesta/normas
13.
Med. clín (Ed. impr.) ; 146(3): 108-111, feb. 2016. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-147821

RESUMO

Introducción y objetivo: La sensibilidad química múltiple (.SQM) es un trastorno multisistémico de etiología controvertida que afecta a algunos sujetos al exponerse a productos químicos a concentraciones no perjudiciales. El objetivo de este trabajo es describir las características epidemiológicas, clínicas y psicológicas de una muestra de pacientes con SQM, para un posterior tratamiento grupal específico. Pacientes y método: Estudio descriptivo de los pacientes diagnosticados de SQM en una unidad de toxicología, mediante la administración del cuestionario Quick Environmental Exposure and Sensitivity Inventory, junto con la entrevista estructurada SCID-II, la escala de ansiedad HAS y el test de personalidad tipo A, PCTA. Resultados: Se incluyeron 73 pacientes, con una edad media de 52,6 años (rango 33-77; DE 9,29), siendo 66 mujeres (90,4%). El 53% estaban clasificados como grado i-ii y ii. Sesenta y un pacientes (83%) presentaron algún tipo de comorbilidad, fundamentalmente dolor crónico, fibromialgia y fatiga crónica, con niveles de ansiedad mayores (puntuación media 19,2), predominio de rasgos de personalidad fóbico-evitativo y patrón de conducta tipo A (31,1%). Conclusiones: La SQM afecta principalmente a mujeres de mediana edad, con comorbilidades (dolor crónico, fibromialgia y fatiga crónica), elevada ansiedad y conductas de evitación. Este análisis previo debería ayudar a ofrecer un abordaje psicoterapéutico específico a estos pacientes (AU)


Introduction and objective: Multiple chemical sensitivity (MCS) is a multisystem disorder of controversial etiology, affecting some subjects when exposed to chemicals at no harmful concentrations. The objective of this paper is to describe the epidemiological, clinical and psychological features of a sample of patients with MCS for further specific group treatment. Patiens and method: Descriptive study of patients diagnosed with MCS in a toxicology unit. We administered the Quick Environmental Exposure and Sensitivity Inventory, the structured interview SCID-II, the anxiety scale HAS and the type A personality test, PCTA. Results: Seventy-three patients were included. The mean age was 52,6 years (range 33-77; SD 9.29). Sixty-six were females (90.4%). Fifty-three percent were classified as i-ii and ii grade. Sixty-one patients (83%) presented some type of comorbidity, mainly chronic pain, fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue. They exhibited higher levels of anxiety (average score of 19.2), prevalence of phobic-avoidant traits of personality and type A behavior in 31.1%. Conclusions: MCS affects middle-aged women with comorbidities (chronic pain, fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue) and high anxiety and avoidance behaviors. This preliminary analysis should help provide a specific therapeutic approach to these patients (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sensibilidade Química Múltipla/complicações , Sensibilidade Química Múltipla/epidemiologia , Sensibilidade Química Múltipla/psicologia , Exposição a Produtos Químicos , Testes de Personalidade/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Transtornos de Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Transtornos de Ansiedade/psicologia , Escala de Ansiedade Manifesta/estatística & dados numéricos , Escala de Ansiedade Manifesta/normas , Comorbidade
14.
Span. j. psychol ; 19(1): e63.1-e63.9, 2016. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-160278

RESUMO

Perceived control has shown predictive value for anxiety severity symptoms as well as cognitive-behavior therapy outcomes. The most commonly used measure of perceived control is the Anxiety Control Questionnaire (ACQ), and more recently the ACQ Revised (ACQ-R). However, both questionnaires have shown structural inconsistencies among several studies. Also, although the ACQ and ACQ-R seem to be multidimensional instruments, a single total score have been commonly used. This study examined the internal structure of the ACQ-R Spanish version using exploratory factor and exploratory bi-factor analysis in a sample of 382 college students and 52 people diagnosed of panic disorder (with or without agoraphobia). Also, in this study we assessed the preliminary diagnostic value of the ACQ-R scores. The results indicated that the ACQ-R Spanish version structure consisted of two factors: one related with perceived control of internal emotional reactions (Emotion Control) and another related with perceived control of external events (Threat and Stress Control). Both specific factors can be adequately summarized by a general factor (General Anxiety Perception of Control; CFI = .973, TLI = .954, RMSEA = .039; p = .002), which accounted for 70% of the common explained variance. The correlations between the ACQ-R scores and with variables like anxiety (r = -.66) or anxiety sensitivity (r = -.50) presented the expected pattern of results. Either the two dimensions structure or the total score have proved to be a good tool to distinguish between participants with panic disorder and non-clinical samples (area under the curve = 0.79) (AU)


No disponible


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Ansiedade/psicologia , Transtornos de Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Escala de Ansiedade Manifesta/estatística & dados numéricos , Testes Psicológicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Testes Psicológicos/normas , Inquéritos e Questionários , Análise Fatorial , Inventário de Personalidade/estatística & dados numéricos
15.
Rev. psicol. deport ; 25(2): 329-337, 2016. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-154869

RESUMO

Las escalas de Ansiedad Físico-Social (SPAS-7 y de Dismorfia Muscular (Complejo de Adonis) son herramientas sensibles para evaluar la preocupación por la apariencia física. El objetivo es analizar la asociación entre la dismorfia muscular y la ansiedad físico-social e identificar las diferencias por sexo en usuarios de empresas de servicios deportivos integrados del noroeste de México. Mediante un muestreo aleatorio simple se eligieron 429 (231 hombres y 198 mujeres). A todos ellos se les aplicaron los cuestionarios SPAS-7 y Complejo Adonis en el centro deportivo correspondiente. Se encontraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas que muestran que las mujeres registran mayores niveles de ansiedad que los hombres (Media = 12.5 ± 5 DS y Media = 14.5 ± 6 DS; p < .000); no obstante, las mujeres obesas presentan mayores puntuaciones con respecto al resto (Media = 18.8 ± DS; p < .000). También se comprobó a través de un modelo de regresión que los años de práctica física, la frecuencia a la semana y la duración de la sesión de entrenamiento predicen la ansiedad físico-social y el Complejo Adonis. Además se evidenció que existe una asociación significativa entre los niveles de dismorfia muscular y de ansiedad (AU)


Social Physique Anxiety (SPAS -7) and muscle dysmorphia (Adonis Complex) scales are sensitive tools to assess concern about physical appearance. The aim of this work is to analyse the association between muscle dysmorphia and social physique anxiety and identify the differences by gender in users of integrated sports complexes in north-west Mexico. Using simple random sampling, 429 (231 men and 198 women) were selected. SPAS-7 and Adonis Complex questionnaires were given in the relevant sports centre. Significant differences were4 found which showed that women reported higher levels of anxiety than men (M = 12.5 ± 5 SD and M = 14.5 ± 6 SD, p = .000); however, obese women reported much higher levels in relation to the others (M = 18.8 ± SD p < .000). It was also proved, using a regression model, that the number of years doing sports, the number of times a week and the duration of the training session predict social physique anxiety and the Adonis Complex. In addition, a significant association between muscle dysmorphia and anxiety levels was confirmed (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Imagem Corporal/psicologia , Aparência Física/fisiologia , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Transtornos de Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Transtornos de Ansiedade/prevenção & controle , Atividade Motora/fisiologia , Entrevistas como Assunto , Comportamento Aditivo/epidemiologia , Escala de Ansiedade Manifesta/estatística & dados numéricos , Escala de Ansiedade Manifesta/normas , Atitude , Índice de Massa Corporal , Análise Quantitativa/métodos , Ansiedade/psicologia , Comportamento Aditivo/psicologia
16.
J Fluency Disord ; 46: 15-23, 2015 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26292910

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Despite the greatly increased risk of social anxiety disorder in adults who stutter, there is no clear indication of the time of onset of this disorder in childhood and adolescence. The purpose of this study was to explore this issue further using the Revised Children's Manifest Anxiety Scale (RCMAS), so that appropriate interventions can be developed prior to adulthood. This is the first time the RCMAS has been completed by children younger than 11 years. Using the same test for both school-age children and adolescents can potentially identify when anxiety starts to develop from age 6 years through to adulthood. METHODS: The RCMAS was administered to 18 school-age boys, five school-age girls, 41 adolescent boys and nine adolescent girls who were seeking treatment for their stuttering. Participants also rated the severity of their own stuttering. RESULTS: All mean scaled scores on the four RCMAS subscales and Total Anxiety scores were within normal limits. However, for both groups of boys, scores on the Lie Scale were significantly higher than scores on the other three subscales. CONCLUSIONS: Experts suggest high scores on the RCMAS Lie Scale are indicative of participants attempting to present themselves in a positive light and so cast doubt on the veracity of their other responses on the test. One interpretation, then, is that the boys were concealing true levels of anxiety about their stuttering. The results suggest why findings of anxiety studies in children and adolescents to date are equivocal. Clinical implications are discussed. EDUCATIONAL OBJECTIVES: The reader will be able to: (a) discuss why understanding when anxiety starts in people who stutter is important, (b) describe the function of the RCMAS Lie sub scale and (c) summarize the possible implications of the RCMAS findings in this study.


Assuntos
Transtornos de Ansiedade/etiologia , Escala de Ansiedade Manifesta/estatística & dados numéricos , Gagueira/psicologia , Adolescente , Ansiedade/etiologia , Criança , Emoções , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Testes Neuropsicológicos , Transtornos Fóbicos/etiologia , Gagueira/terapia
17.
Psicothema (Oviedo) ; 26(3): 308-313, jul.-sept. 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-130046

RESUMO

Background: Cognitive fusion is suggested to play an important role in the etiology and maintenance of anxiety disorders according to Acceptance and Commitment Therapy. This study presents the psychometric data of the Spanish version of a cognitive fusion measure in the context of anxiety: the Believability of Anxious Feelings and Thoughts Questionnaire (BAFT). Method: First, we back-translated the BAFT into Spanish and then, administered it to three samples, with a total of 598 participants, in addition to other relevant anxiety measures.Results: Data were very similar to those obtained with the original BAFT version. The BAFT showed a very good internal consistency (overall α= .92) and a hierarchical factor structure with two lower-order factors and one hierarchical factor. Participants showing mild levels of anxiety symptoms scored higher on the BAFT than participants who scored below the cutoffs. BAFT scores were significantly related to anxiety symptoms and to measures of psychological inflexibility, anxiety sensitivity, and mindfulness facets. Moreover, the BAFT showed incremental validity relative to anxiety sensitivity. Conclusions: This Spanish version of the BAFT emerges as a reliable and valid measure of cognitive fusion with anxious thoughts and feelings (AU)


Antecedentes: la fusión cognitiva juega un papel importante en la etiología y mantenimiento de los trastornos de ansiedad según la Terapia de Aceptación y Compromiso. Este estudio presenta datos psicométricos de la versión española del Cuestionario de Credibilidad de Sentimientos y Pensamientos Ansiógenos (BAFT). Método: se realizó una traducción inversa del BAFT al español y se administró a tres muestras, con un total de 598 participantes, conjuntamente con otras medidas de ansiedad. Resultados: los datos fueron muy similares a los obtenidos en la versión original del BAFT. El BAFT mostró una muy buena consistencia interna (alfa promedio de .92) y una estructura jerárquica con dos factores de primer orden y un factor de segundo orden. Los participantes con niveles moderados de ansiedad puntuaron más en el BAFT que los participantes que mostraron puntuaciones inferiores. Las puntuaciones en el BAFT correlacionaron significativamente con variedad de síntomas de ansiedad y con medidas de inflexibilidad psicológica, sensibilidad a la ansiedad y facetas de mindfulness. El BAFT mostró validez incremental en relación a la sensibilidad a la ansiedad. Conclusiones: la versión española del BAFT emerge como una medida fiable y válida de fusión cognitiva con pensamientos y sentimientos ansiógenos (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Ansiedade/psicologia , Transtornos de Ansiedade/diagnóstico , Psicometria/instrumentação , Escala de Ansiedade Manifesta/estatística & dados numéricos , Emoções , Pensamento , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
18.
Rev. esp. salud pública ; 88(1): 101-112, ene.-feb. 2014. ilus, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-121239

RESUMO

Fundamentos: Desde su creación, el STAI se ha citado en más de 14.000 documentos, contando con más de 60 adaptaciones en diversos países. En algunas de ellas este cuestionario no cuenta con puntuaciones clínicas. El objetivo de este trabajo es determinar si el cuestionario State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) tiene puntuaciones superiores en personas diagnosticadas de ansiedad respecto a la población general. Además, se pretende analizar si la consistencia interna es adecuada en personas con ansiedad. Método: Se realizó una búsqueda bibliográfica en Tripdatabase, Cochrane, Web of Knowledge, Scopus, PyscINFO y Scholar Google de documentos publicados entre 2008 y 2012. Se seleccionaron 131 artículos para la comparación entre pacientes diagnosticados de ansiedad respecto a la población general y 25 para la generalización de la fiabilidad. En los análisis se utilizó la d de Cohen para la comparación de medias (método de efectos aleatorios) y para la generalización de la fiabilidad el alfa de Cronbach (método de efectos fijos). Resultados: En la comparación entre grupos, en la ansiedad estado (d = 1,39; IC95%: 1,22-1,56) y en la ansiedad rasgo (d = 1,74; IC95%: 1,56-1,91) las diferencias fueron estadísticamente significativas. Además de ello, la fiabilidad para pacientes con algún trastorno de ansiedad abarcó de 0,87 a 0,93. Conclusiones: El STAI es un cuestionario sensible para medir el nivel de ansiedad y fiable en personas diagnosticadas de crisis de angustia, fobia específica, fobia social, fobia social generalizada, trastorno de ansiedad generalizada, trastorno de estrés post-traumático, trastorno obsesivo compulsivo o trastorno por estrés agudo (AU)


Background: Since its creation the STAI has been cited in more than 14,000 documents, with more than 60 adaptations in different countries. In some adaptations this instrument has no clinical scores. The aim of this work is to determine if the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) has higher scores in patients diagnosed with anxiety than in general population. In addition, we want to examine if the internal consistency is adequate in anxious patient samples. Methods: We performed a literature search in Tripdatabase, Cochrane, Web of Knowledge, Scopus, PyscINFO and Scholar Google, for documents published between 2008 y 2012. We selected 131 scientific articles to compare between patients diagnosed with anxiety and general population, and 25 for the generalization of reliability. For the analysis we used Cohen's d for means comparisons (random-effects method) and Cronbach's alpha for the reliability generalization (fixed-effects method). Results: In the groups comparision the differences in state anxiety (d=1.39; CI95%: 1.22-1.56) and in the trait anxiety (d=1.74; CI95%:1.56-1.91) were significants. The reliability for patients of some anxiety disorder was between 0.87 and 0.93. Conclusions: So it seems that the STAI is sensitive to the level of anxiety of the individual and reliable for patients with diagnosis of panic attack, specific phobia, social phobia, generalized social phobia, generalized anxiety disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, obsessive compulsive disorder or acute Stress disorder (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Metanálise como Assunto , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Transtornos de Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Escala de Ansiedade Manifesta/normas , Escala de Ansiedade Manifesta/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Inquéritos e Questionários , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Manual Diagnóstico e Estatístico de Transtornos Mentais , Saúde Pública/estatística & dados numéricos , Algoritmos , Análise Estatística , Análise de Variância
19.
Behav Res Methods ; 45(4): 968-71, 2013 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24002988

RESUMO

Shieh (2013) discussed in detail δ*, a proposed standardized effect size measure for the two-independent-groups design with heteroscedasticity. Shieh focused on inference-notably, the large challenge of calculating confidence intervals for δ*. I contend, however, that the standardizer chosen for δ*, meaning the units in which it is expressed, is appropriate for inference but causes δ* to be inconsistent with conventional Cohen's d. In addition, δ* depends on the relative sample sizes in the particular experiment and, thus, lacks the generality that is highly desirable if a standardized effect size is to be readily interpretable and also usable in meta-analysis. In the case of heteroscedasticity, I suggest that researchers should choose as standardizer for Cohen's δ the best available estimate of the SD of an appropriate population, usually the control population, in preference to δ* as discussed by Shieh.


Assuntos
Intervalos de Confiança , Metanálise como Assunto , Modelos Estatísticos , Humanos , Testes de Inteligência/normas , Testes de Inteligência/estatística & dados numéricos , Julgamento , Escala de Ansiedade Manifesta/normas , Escala de Ansiedade Manifesta/estatística & dados numéricos , Projetos de Pesquisa , Tamanho da Amostra
20.
Encephale ; 39(4): 278-83, 2013 Sep.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23541916

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Intellectually gifted children are often thought to display a high risk for psychopathology. However, this assertion has received only few direct arguments to date, and there is in fact a lack of knowledge on this subject. The aim of this study was to compare trait-anxiety - which is considered as a sensitive and early indicator of psychoaffective difficulties in children - in intellectually gifted children to the norm. METHODS: One hundred and eleven children aged 8 to 12 and with an intellectual quotient (IQ) higher than 129 participated in the study. They were recruited in a hospital department of child and adolescent psychiatry and through psychologists' private practice, where they attended consultation because of academic underachievement and/or social maladjustment. All the children were examined by trained psychiatrists and psychologists: none had a present or past medical or psychiatric condition and, additionally, none had an elevated score on the French version of the Children's Depressive Rating Scale Revised (Moor & Mack, 1982). Parents filled in a questionnaire for the collection of socio-demographic data and children answered the French version of the Revised-Children's Manifest Anxiety Scale (R-CMAS; Reynolds, 1999), a 37-items self-assessment of trait-anxiety, the psychometric properties of which have been validated in children with high IQ. DATA ANALYSIS: Mean scores and subscores on the R-CMAS in the whole studied group and as a function of gender and age were compared to French normative data (Reynolds, 1999) by calculation of 95% confidence intervals; subgroups were compared using Student's t-tests. Proportions of children who's score and subscores exceeded anxiety cut-off norms were compared to normative data using chi-square tests. Statistical significance was considered at the P<0.05 level. RESULTS: The studied group comprised mainly boys, and members of a sibling. Parents mainly lived as man and wife, had high academic levels, and had a professional activity. The confidence intervals of the R-CMAS scores and subscores all comprised their normative value, which denotes that no difference was statistically significant. Comparisons for age and gender showed no significant difference. Proportions of results exceeding the cut-off scores and subscores did not significantly differ from the norms. DISCUSSION: General and dimensional trait-anxiety levels in the studied group were comparable to normative data. These results are in accordance with previous studies of trait-anxiety in children and adolescents with high IQ, which all showed normal or decreased levels. These findings do not corroborate the hypothesis that intellectual giftedness constitutes a risk factor for psychopathology. LIMITS: The studied group was a clinical one, which could limit the generalisation of the results. However, mental disorders were ruled out, and the psychometric and socio-demographic characteristics of the group were in keeping with those described for the general population of gifted children. Moreover, considering that participant children displayed academic underachievement and/or social maladjustment, it can be supposed that their anxiety levels were not lower than those in the general population of gifted children. Secondly, the potentially confusing effect of socio-demographic variables (underrepresentation of low socio-economic levels and single-parent families) could not be statistically taken into account, due to the absence of a specific control group. CONCLUSION: Intellectually gifted children seem not to display increased trait-anxiety. However, further studies are necessary to investigate psychological functioning in gifted children and their risk for psychopathology.


Assuntos
Transtornos de Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Transtornos de Ansiedade/psicologia , Caráter , Criança Superdotada/psicologia , Transtornos de Ansiedade/diagnóstico , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , França , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Masculino , Escala de Ansiedade Manifesta/estatística & dados numéricos , Transtornos do Humor/diagnóstico , Transtornos do Humor/epidemiologia , Transtornos do Humor/psicologia , Psicometria , Psicopatologia , Psicoterapia , Fatores de Risco , Ajustamento Social , Baixo Rendimento Escolar
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