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1.
Rev. Esc. Enferm. USP ; 53: e03505, Jan.-Dez. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1020375

RESUMO

RESUMO Objetivo Avaliar a evolução clínica e sobrevida de pacientes neurocríticos em Unidades Hospitalares. Método Coorte com pacientes acompanhados no período de setembro de 2012 a junho de 2016, internados em hospitais públicos e privados. Os dados foram analisados inicialmente a partir da estatística descritiva e inferencial. Como forma de análise da sobrevida, foi aplicado o indicador de Kaplan-Meier. O modelo de regressão para riscos proporcionais de Cox foi empregado para a análise dos fatores prognósticos, calculando-se a razão de risco. Resultados Participaram do estudo 1.289 pacientes. Os que possuíam Escala de Coma de Glasgow com maior valor apresentaram maior sobrevida, e o incremento de um ponto no escore dessa Escala correspondeu a uma melhora de 42% em sua sobrevida. Na análise de sobrevida, o sexo e o uso de drogas vasoativas mostraram diferença significativa. Conclusão Pacientes do sexo feminino, que possuem melhor escore da Escala de Coma de Glasgow e em uso de drogas vasoativas apresentaram maior sobrevida.


RESUMEN Objetivo Evolución clínica y supervivencia de pacientes neurocríticos en Unidades Hospitalarias. Método Cohorte con pacientes seguidos en el período de septiembre de 2012 a junio de 2016, en estancia en hospitales públicos y privados. Los datos fueron analizados inicialmente mediante la estadística descriptiva e inferencial. Como modo de análisis de la supervivencia, se aplicó el indicador de Kaplan-Meier. El modelo de regresión para riesgos proporcionales de Cox fue empleado para el análisis de los factores pronósticos, calculándose la razón de riesgo. Resultados Participaron en el estudio 1.289 pacientes. Los que tenían Escala de Coma de Glasgow con mayor valor presentaron mayor supervivencia, y el incremento de un punto en el score de dicha Escala correspondió a un mejora del 42% en su supervivencia. En el análisis de supervivencia, el sexo y el uso de drogas vasoactivas mostraron diferencia significativa. Conclusión Pacientes del sexo femenino que tienen mejor score de la Escala de Coma de Glasgow y en uso de drogas vasoactivas presentaron mayor supervivencia.


ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate the clinical evolution and survival of neurocritical patients in Hospital Units. Method Cohort with hospitalized patients in follow-up treatment in public and private hospitals between September 2012 and June 2016. Data were initially analyzed from descriptive and inferential statistics. The Kaplan-Meier indicator was applied as a form of survival analysis. The Cox proportional hazards regression model was used to analyze the prognostic factors by calculating the hazard ratio. Results Participation of 1,289 patients in the study. Patients with a higher score on the Glasgow Coma Scale presented greater survival, and the one-point increase in the scale score corresponded to 42% improvement in their survival. In the analysis of survival, sex and the use of vasoactive drugs showed a significant difference. Conclusion Female patients with a better score on the Glasgow Coma Scale and using vasoactive drugs had higher survival rates.


Assuntos
Humanos , Escala de Coma de Glasgow , Evolução Clínica , Cuidados Críticos , Estudos de Coortes , Enfermagem de Cuidados Críticos
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(44): e17806, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31689863

RESUMO

Hypoalbuminemia and anemia are frequent among in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI). We assess whether serum albumin and hemoglobin at admission can predict outcome in children with moderate to severe TBI.This retrospective study was conducted in a tertiary pediatric hospital between May 2012 and Jun 2018 included children with an admission Glasgow Coma Scale of ≤13.A total of 213 patients were included of whom 45 died in hospital. Multivariate logistic regression showed that hypoalbuminemia (serum albumin <30 g/L) was independently associated with mortality (adjusted odds ratio [OR] = 3.059; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.118-8.371; P = .030) in children with moderate to severe TBI, while anemia (hemoglobin <90 g/L) was not independently associated with mortality (adjusted OR = 1.742; 95% CI: 0.617-4.916; P = .295). Serum albumin was significantly superior to hemoglobin (area under the curve [AUC] 0.738 vs AUC 0.689, P < .05) under receiver operating characteristic curve analysis. Hypoalbuminemia was also associated with reduced 14-day ventilation-free days, 14-day intensive care unit (ICU)-free days, and 28-day hospital-free days.Serum albumin at admission was superior to hemoglobin in predicting the mortality in children with moderate to severe TBI and also associated with reduced ventilator-free, ICU-free, and hospital-free days.


Assuntos
Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/sangue , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/mortalidade , Hemoglobina A Glicada/metabolismo , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Albumina Sérica/metabolismo , Anemia/complicações , Anemia/diagnóstico , Biomarcadores/sangue , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/complicações , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/terapia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Cuidados Críticos , Feminino , Escala de Coma de Glasgow , Humanos , Hipoalbuminemia/complicações , Hipoalbuminemia/diagnóstico , Masculino , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Respiração Artificial , Estudos Retrospectivos
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(46): e17670, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31725609

RESUMO

This study aims to identify predictive factors related to clinical outcome, reoperation, and complications in patients with brain abscess.Patients with a diagnosis of brain abscess at discharge at the Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine between 2008 and 2018 were reviewed. Logistic regression was used to identify predictive factors associated with Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS) at discharge, GOS at 1 year after discharge, reoperation and complications.Among 183 patients enrolled into the study, 142 patients had a good outcome at discharge (GOS ≥ 4) and 41 had a poor outcome (GOS ≤ 3). During the follow-up period, 20 additional patients had a good outcome. A total of 156 patients were treated by open craniotomy excision (n = 72) and aspiration (n = 84), 10 of whom underwent reoperation. Complications in surgical patients for brain abscess occurred in 54 patients. Poor outcome was related to Glasgow coma scale (P = .007) and ventricular proximity (P = .001). Surgical method was associated with reoperation (P = .04) and complications (P < .001). Seizure at admission was related to epilepsy (P < .001). Surgical method was related to postoperative intracranial hemorrhage (P = .02).Glasgow coma scale (GCS) and ventricular proximity were associated with poor outcome. Further, patients who underwent aspiration were more likely to experience reoperation, while open craniotomy excision (OCE) was related to complications. Patients presenting seizure at admission were more likely to develop epilepsy. Patients who underwent OCE tended to experience postoperative intracranial hemorrhage.


Assuntos
Abscesso Encefálico/cirurgia , Escala de Resultado de Glasgow , Hemorragias Intracranianas/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Abscesso Encefálico/patologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Craniotomia/efeitos adversos , Craniotomia/métodos , Feminino , Escala de Coma de Glasgow , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(41): e17493, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31593114

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to assess the bedside brain function monitoring of color density spectral array (CDSA) for early prognostic evaluation of coma patients in pediatric intensive care unit (PICU).Forty-two consecutive pediatric coma patients were enrolled. The individual conscious state was evaluated according to the Glasgow coma scale (GCS). CDSA parameters including CDSA pattern (CDSAP), sleep-wake cycle (SWC), sleep stage (SS), and drug-induced fast wave activity (DIFWA) were recorded. Three months later, prognosis was evaluated according to pediatric cerebral performance category (PCPC) score, based on which the patients were divided into FP-group (favorable prognosis) and PP-group (poor prognosis).The changeable type of CDSAP, appearance of SWC, SS, and DIFWA were significantly correlated with favorable prognosis. Both GCS and SWC were significantly correlated with the prognosis. However, there was substantial overlap in GCS between FP-group and PP-group. Although the absence of SWC was statistically an independent risk factor for poor prognosis but with a high false positive rate (0.143), a linear logistic regression showed the odds ratio of GCS for predicting prognosis was 0.93 (95% confidence interval: 0.48-1.80; P = .83) and that of SWC was 0.12 (95% confidence interval: 0.03-0.47; P = .03). Furthermore, the absence of SWC was correlated with poor prognosis in nonintracranial infection patients.Our study found that several CDSA factors are associated with prognosis of coma patients in PICU. SWC may be a potential indicator for evaluating the prognosis of coma patients in PICU.


Assuntos
Coma/diagnóstico , Monitores de Consciência/estatística & dados numéricos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Pediátrica/estatística & dados numéricos , Testes Imediatos , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Colorimetria/métodos , Colorimetria/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Escala de Coma de Glasgow , Humanos , Lactente , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico
5.
J Craniofac Surg ; 30(7): 2102-2105, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31574784

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the efficacy of nerve injury unit mode and conventional management mode for the treatment of patients with moderate or severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHODS: Eighty patients with TBI in our hospital from July 2016 to December 2017 were included as observation groups (Treated with injury unit mode). Eighty-three patients with TBI from January 2015 to June 2016 were included as control group (Treated with conventional management mode). The incidence of complications, satisfaction rate, Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) scores, Barthel index (BI), National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) scores and average length of hospital stay of 2 groups were compared. RESULTS: Observation group achieved lower incidence of complications, higher satisfaction rate, higher GCS scores, higher GOS prognosis scores, higher BI, lower NIHSS scores, and shorter average length of hospital stay compared with control group (P < 0.05). There were no significant differences in the average hospitalization cost between 2 groups (P > 0.05). CONCLUSION: For patients with TBI, the nerve injury unit mode can reduce the incidence of complications, improve patient satisfaction rate, shorten the hospitalization time, enhance the daily living ability, improve the patient's neurological function, improve the ability to return to society and have a significant role in promoting the rehabilitation of patients.


Assuntos
Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/diagnóstico , Escala de Coma de Glasgow , Custos Hospitalares , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Centros de Traumatologia
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(39): e17130, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31574813

RESUMO

Animal studies have demonstrated that autophagy was involved in neuronal damage after intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). Several studies showed thrombin-antithrombin (TAT) plasma levels were elevated in patients with ICH. In this study, we aimed to evaluate if autophagy occurred in patients with ICH; and the relationship between the severity of brain injury and plasma TAT levels.A novel tissue harvesting device was used during hematoma removal surgery to collect loose fragments of tissue surrounding the affected brain area in 27 ICH patients with hematoma volumes of >30 mL in the basal ganglia. Control tissues were obtained from patients who underwent surgery for arteriovenous malformation (n = 25). Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and immunohistochemistry for autophagy-related proteins were used to evaluate the ultrastructural and morphologic cellular characteristics; and the extent of autophagy in the recovered tissue specimens. Stroke severity was assessed by using the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) and the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS). An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to measure plasma TAT levels.Transmission electron microscopy showed autophagosomes and autolysosomes exist in neurons surrounding the hematoma, but not in the control tissues. The number of cells containing autophagic vacuoles correlated with the severity of brain injury. Immunohistochemistry showed strong LC3, beclin 1, and cathepsin D staining in ICH tissue specimens. Plasma TAT levels correlated positively with autophagic cells and ICH severity (P < .01).Autophagy was induced in perihematomal neurons after ICH. Autophagy and plasma TAT levels correlated positively with severity of brain injury. These results suggest that autophagy and increased plasma TAT levels may contribute to the secondary damage in ICH patients.


Assuntos
Autofagia , Hemorragia Cerebral/sangue , Hematoma/sangue , Neurônios/fisiologia , Peptídeo Hidrolases/sangue , Adulto , Idoso , Antitrombina III , Gânglios da Base/metabolismo , Hemorragia Cerebral/fisiopatologia , Hemorragia Cerebral/cirurgia , Feminino , Escala de Coma de Glasgow , Hematoma/fisiopatologia , Hematoma/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
7.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31577269

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to estimate the prognostic value of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) classification of traumatic brain lesion localization and levels in patients with a brain injury of various severity in a few days to three weeks after the injury. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The cohort of 278 patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) of various severity aged 8-74 y.o. (average -31.4±13.8, median - 29 (21.3; 37.0) was included in the analysis. The severity of TBI at admission varied from 3 to 15 Glasgow coma scores (GCS) (average - 8±4, median - 7 (5; 12). The main indications and conditions for MRI were: inconsistency between computed tomography (CT) data and neurological status, the necessity to clarify the location and type of brain damage, the absence of metal implants, the stabilization of the patient's vital functions, etc. MRI was performed during the first three weeks after the injury using T1, T2, T2-FLAIR, DWI, T2*GRE, SWAN sequences. The damage to the brain was classified according to 8 grades depending on the lesion levels (cortical-subcortical level, corpus callosum, basal ganglia and/or thalamus, and/or internal, and/or external capsules, uni- or bilateral brain stem injury at a different level). Outcomes were assessed by the Glasgow outcome scale (GOS) 6 months after injury. RESULTS: The significant correlations were found for the entire cohort between MRI grading and TBI severity (by GCS) and outcome (by GOS) of the injury (R=-0.66; p<0.0001; R=-0.69; p<0.0001, respectively). A high accuracy (77%), sensitivity (77%) and specificity (76%) of the proposed MRI classification in predicting injury outcomes (AUC=0.85) were confirmed using the logistic regression and ROC analysis. The assessment of MRI-classification prognostic value in subgroups of patients examined during the first, second, and third weeks after injury showed significant correlations between the GCS and the GOS as well as between MRI-grading and GCS, and GOS in all three subgroups. In the subgroup of patients examined during the first 14 days after the injury, the correlation coefficients were higher compared with those obtained in a subgroup examined 15-21 days after the injury. The highest correlations between MRI grading, TBI severity, and the outcome were found in the subgroup of patients who underwent MRI in the first three days after the injury (n=58). CONCLUSION: The proposed MRI classification of traumatic brain lesion levels and localization based on the use of different MR sequences reliably correlated with the clinical estimate of TBI severity by GCS and the outcomes by GOS in patients examined during the first three weeks after injury. The strongest correlation was observed for patients examined during the first three days after the injury.


Assuntos
Lesões Encefálicas , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Neuroimagem , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Encéfalo/patologia , Lesões Encefálicas/diagnóstico por imagem , Criança , Escala de Coma de Glasgow , Escala de Resultado de Glasgow , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Adulto Jovem
8.
No Shinkei Geka ; 47(9): 949-956, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31564655

RESUMO

The cognitive function of children who underwent surgical therapy after a traumatic brain injury is poorly studied. In this study, we investigated the characteristics of 27 children who received surgical therapy at our institution. The children were between 1 and 16 years of age, of which 15 had cognitive dysfunction. Their Glasgow Coma Scale score at the acute stage of dysfunction was worse than in children who did not have cognitive dysfunction. Acute subdural hematoma was more frequent in the cognitive dysfunction group. Moreover, all children in this group showed brain injury by imaging analysis. Differences in imaging characteristics and the association with cognitive dysfunction could not be readily associated with a specific injury. Memory and verbal disorder were the most common cognitive dysfunctions:these symptoms were present among children of all ages;conversely, behavior disorder, impaired attention, and infeasibility were limited to the children under 9 years of age. Since the immature brain is developing, the acquisition of new abilities may be blocked by the injury;thus, we speculate that brain injury at a younger age causes greater cognitive dysfunction.


Assuntos
Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas , Lesões Encefálicas , Disfunção Cognitiva , Adolescente , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/cirurgia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Disfunção Cognitiva/etiologia , Escala de Coma de Glasgow , Humanos , Lactente
9.
Am Surg ; 85(9): 973-977, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31638509

RESUMO

Failure to rescue (FTR), defined as death after a major complication in surgical patients, is being used to measure outcomes for quality improvement. Major complications frequently occur in patients undergoing damage control laparotomy (DCL). No previous FTR studies have looked specifically into DCL patients. The aim of this study was to examine risk factors of FTR and identify potential areas for targeted quality improvement in DCL patients. A 10-year retrospective review of all consecutive adult trauma patients who underwent DCL at a Level I trauma center was performed. Demographic and clinical variables were examined for association with FTR. Multivariate regression analysis was performed to identify risk factors of FTR in DCL patients. A total of 199 DCL patients were analyzed. Overall DCL mortality observed was 11.1 per cent (n = 22/199) and overall FTR for the cohort was n = 16/199. FTR represented 72 per cent (n = 16/22) of the total mortality. The significantly increased risk of FTR was associated with older age (P = 0.027), lower initial Glasgow Coma Scale score (P = 0.037), more units of packed red blood cells (P = 0.028), and respiratory complications (P = 0.035). Renal and infectious complications did not significantly increase the risk of FTR in this population. FTR is an important benchmark of quality for trauma patients. This study elucidates potential initial characteristics and complications related to FTR in DCL patients. Efforts in achieving zero death from FTR can potentially improve overall mortality in this subset of patients. Future quality interventions to help minimize FTR should target these specific areas.


Assuntos
Falha da Terapia de Resgate , Laparotomia/efeitos adversos , Laparotomia/normas , Melhoria de Qualidade , Ferimentos e Lesões/cirurgia , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Transfusão de Eritrócitos , Feminino , Escala de Coma de Glasgow , Humanos , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Transtornos Respiratórios , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Centros de Traumatologia/normas , Estados Unidos
12.
Am Surg ; 85(8): 871-876, 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31560306

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of prehospital antiplatelet and/or anticoagulant (APAC) use on treatment and outcomes in patients with severe blunt chest injury. Patients with three or more rib fractures and a hospital length of stay (LOS) > three days admitted from 2014 to 2015 were included. Demographics, mortality, complications, injuries, hospital and ICU LOS, use of blood products, and thoracostomy were studied. Of 383 patients, 27.4 per cent were on APAC medication. Patients on APAC were older (P < 0.0001), had higher Glasgow Coma Score (P < 0.0001), and had lower Injury Severity Score (P < 0.0001) and total number of fractures (P = 0.0013) than the non-APAC group. APAC was not a predictor of mortality with or without age adjustment. In multiple linear regressions, APAC did not predict an increased LOS. APAC patients did not demonstrate an increase in admission diagnosis or complication of hemothorax, blood transfusions, tube thoracostomy, tracheostomy, LOS, or mortality rates. Similar findings are present in the subgroup of patients studied with high kinetic energy mechanism of injury. Our study does not support the perceived morbidity of APAC therapy in patients with severe blunt chest injury.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes/administração & dosagem , Hemorragia/etiologia , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/administração & dosagem , Fraturas das Costelas/complicações , Ferimentos não Penetrantes/complicações , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Transfusão de Componentes Sanguíneos/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Escala de Coma de Glasgow , Humanos , Escala de Gravidade do Ferimento , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/estatística & dados numéricos , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fraturas das Costelas/sangue , Fraturas das Costelas/terapia , Ferimentos não Penetrantes/sangue , Ferimentos não Penetrantes/terapia
14.
J Craniofac Surg ; 30(7): 2239-2244, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31503116

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A skull fracture widely occurs in patients with traumatic brain injury, leading to intracranial hematoma, brain contusion, and intracranial infection. It also influences the prognosis and death of patients. This study aimed to discuss cases of patients with comminuted skull fractures. METHODS: From October 2015 to December 2018, 38 patients with comminuted skull fractures were admitted to the hospital. All patients underwent three-dimensional reconstruction of computed tomography scan images. Digital subtraction angiography or magnetic resonance venography was performed to find out the venous sinus. The clinical findings of the patients were significant regarding gender, age, injury mechanism, location, admission Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS), combined epidural, subdural, cerebral contusion, intracranial pneumatosis, maximum depth of depression, admission to surgery, dural tear, post-operative cerebrospinal fluid leakage, post-operative infection, and Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS) 3 months after surgery. RESULTS: The incidence of traffic accidents, fall from a height, railway accidents, fall of an object, and chop injury was 60.5%, 18.4%, 13.2%, 5.3%, and 2.6%, respectively. Intra-operative dural trar negatively correlated with epidural hematoma, cerebral contusion, and subdural hematoma. Also, post-operative infection negatively correlated with intracranial pneumatosis, depth of fracture depression, and pre-operative cerebrospinal fluid leakage. No correlation was found between contusion, subdural hematoma, intracranial pneumatosis, depth of fracture depression, and post-operative infection. The GOS score positively correlated with age, pre-operative cerebrospinal fluid leakage, and admission GCS score. CONCLUSIONS: A perfect pre-operative examination is a key to successful surgery. Further studies should be conducted to find out more effective treatments for traumatic comminuted skull fractures.


Assuntos
Fratura do Crânio com Afundamento/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Vazamento de Líquido Cefalorraquidiano/etiologia , Contusões , Feminino , Escala de Coma de Glasgow , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fratura do Crânio com Afundamento/complicações , Fratura do Crânio com Afundamento/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
15.
Am Surg ; 85(7): 764-767, 2019 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31405425

RESUMO

Patient physiology and crash characteristics are essential components of field triage for motor vehicle crashes. We aimed to identify prehospital information that predicted high injury severity or critical patient condition on hospital arrival. The association of demographics, shock index (SI), Glasgow Coma Scale, and 10 crash characteristics of trauma activations for motor vehicle crashes with injury severity score (ISS) ≥ 16 and a composite of hypotension, need for blood transfusions, or immediate operation was determined using univariate and multivariate analyses. A total of 133 of 498 patients (27%) had ISS ≥ 16; SI ≥ 0.9, Glasgow Coma Scale ≤ 8, speed ≥ 55 mph, seatbelt use, airbag deployment, ambulatory patient, severe vehicle damage, ejection, and extrication were associated with ISS ≥ 16. Only abnormal SI and high speed remained independent predictors for ISS ≥ 16 with Odds Ratio (OR) = 10.76 (95% confidence interval (CI), 1.14-101, P = 0.04) and OR = 10.37 (95% CI, 1.48-72.93, P = 0.02), respectively. SI ≥ 0.9 predicted the composite outcome with OR = 5.92 (95% CI, 2.32-15.08, P < 0.01). Many commonly reported crash characteristics did not predict clinically important outcomes. Improvements in road and vehicle safety may be resulting in lower injury severity despite major crash mechanisms.


Assuntos
Acidentes de Trânsito , Triagem/métodos , Ferimentos e Lesões/diagnóstico , Acidentes de Trânsito/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Feminino , Escala de Coma de Glasgow , Humanos , Hipotensão/diagnóstico , Escala de Gravidade do Ferimento , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Cintos de Segurança , Choque/diagnóstico , Centros de Traumatologia/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto Jovem
18.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(30): e16587, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31348298

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) has become a major cause of morbidity and mortality both in China and abroad. Disorders of consciousness following severe TBI is a common refractory complication, resulting in difficult rehabilitation and poor life quality. However, effective therapeutic approaches remain limited. Although acupuncture has been widely applied in the treatment of neurological disorders in China, its efficacy and safety for consciousness recovery remain to be elucidated. METHODS: Here, we conduct a study design and protocol of a randomized, blinded, controlled study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of electroacupuncture at auricular acupoints "heart" and "brainstem" combined with body acupuncture in the consciousness recovery of patients with TBI. A total of 80 patients with initial Glasgow coma scale score between 3 and 8 points will be recruited in the trial and randomized into intervention (combined application of auricular electroacupuncture and body acupuncture) group or control (conventional treatment) group. Patients in the intervention group will receive electroacupuncture at bilateral auricular acupoints "heart" and "brainstem" (4 points in total) combined with body acupuncture in addition to conventional treatment while patients in the control group will receive conventional treatment alone for 8 weeks. The primary outcomes are changes of Glasgow coma scale score and mismatch negativity of event-related brain potentials at baseline after 4 weeks after the final treatment and 4 weeks after the final treatment. The secondary outcome measures will be changes of Barthel and FuglMeyer scores at baseline after 4 weeks after the final treatment and 4 weeks after the final treatment. The safety will also be assessed by monitoring the incidence of adverse events and changes in vital signs during the study. DISCUSSION: Results from this trial will significantly support the application of auricular acupuncture and body acupuncture in the consciousness recovery of patients with severe TBI. If found to be effective and safe, auricular acupuncture combined with body acupuncture will be a valuable complementary option for comatose patients with TBI. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Chinese Clinical Trial Registry: ChiCTR1800020245. Registered on 21 December 2018.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura/métodos , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/complicações , Transtornos da Consciência/etiologia , Transtornos da Consciência/terapia , Pontos de Acupuntura , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Eletroacupuntura/métodos , Feminino , Escala de Coma de Glasgow , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Método Simples-Cego , Adulto Jovem
19.
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi ; 58(7): 514-519, 2019 Jul 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31269568

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the role of combining relative alpha variability and electroencephalogram (EEG) reactivity to predict the prognosis of hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy(HIE) in adult patients. Methods: A total of 28 adult patients with HIE admitted to general intensive care unit at Xiangya Hospital in Central South University were enrolled in this observational study from January2016 to April 2017. These patients with body temperature over 35℃ after 72-hour admission could be continuously monitored at least 12 hours byEEG.At the same time,each patient was assessed for EEG reactivity.Then we analyzed the correlation between EEG reactivity, relative alpha variability and clinical prognosis. Results: EEG reactivity was elicited in 15/28 patients, among whom 12 patients had a good outcome. While in the other 13 patients, EEG reactivity was not elicited, among whom only 3 patients had a good outcome. As to the results ofrelative alpha variability,11/13 patients with degree 3-4were of good prognosis; while only 3/15 patients with degree 1-2 were of good prognosis. Glasgow coma scale(GCS), EEG reactivity, and relative alpha variability were correlated with clinical outcome(χ(2)=5.073,9.073,-3.626, respectively,all P<0.05). The sensitivity of GCS, EEG reactivity, and relative alpha variability to predict the poor prognosis were 69.2%, 76.9%, 84.6%, respectively. The specificity were 73.3%, 80.0%, 73.3%, respectively. The consistency rates were 71.4%, 78.6%, 78.6%, respectively. The positive predictive values were 69.2%, 76.9%, 73.3%, respectively. The negative predictive values were 73.3%, 80.0%, 84.6%, respectively. More importantly, the accuracy of the relative alpha variability combined with EEG reactivity for the prediction of poor prognosis was much higher with the positive predictive value of 90.0%,the specificity of 93.3%, the sensitivity of 69.2%, the consistency rate of 82.1%,and the negative predictive values of 77.8%. Conclusions: The combination of relative alpha variability and EEG reactivityis reliable to predict clinical outcome of patients with HIE.


Assuntos
Eletroencefalografia , Hipóxia-Isquemia Encefálica/diagnóstico , Adulto , Escala de Coma de Glasgow , Humanos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
20.
BMC Neurol ; 19(1): 167, 2019 Jul 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31319804

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Higher circulating levels of tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinases (TIMP)-1 early after ischemic stroke have been associated with lower survival. The objectives of this study were to determine serum TIMP-1 levels during the first week of a severe cerebral infarction in surviving and non-surviving patients, and whether those levels during the first week could be used as a mortality biomarker for these patients. METHODS: We included patients with severe malignant middle cerebral artery infarction (MMCAI) defined as computer tomography showing ischaemic changes in more than 50% of the middle cerebral artery territory and Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) ≤ 8. We measured serum levels of matrix metalloproteinases (MMP)-9 and TIMP-1. End-point study was 30-day mortality. RESULTS: We found higher TIMP-1 concentrations at days 1 (p < 0.001), 4 (p = 0.001), and 8 (p = 0.03) of MMCAI in non- urviving (n = 34) than in surviving (n = 34) patients. We found lower serum MMP-9 concentrations at day 1 (p = 0.03) of MMCAI and no significant differences at days 4 and 8. ROC curve analysis of TIMP-1 concentrations performed at days 1, 4, and 8 of MMCAI showed an area under curve to predict 30-day mortality of 81% (p < 0.001), 80% (p < 0.001) and 72% (p = 0.07) respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The new findings of our study were that non-surviving MMCAI patients showed higher serum TIMP-1 levels during the first week of MMCAI that surviving patients, and those levels during the first week of MMCAI could be used as mortality biomarkers.


Assuntos
Infarto da Artéria Cerebral Média/sangue , Inibidor Tecidual de Metaloproteinase-1/sangue , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Feminino , Escala de Coma de Glasgow , Humanos , Infarto da Artéria Cerebral Média/mortalidade , Masculino , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/sangue , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Curva ROC , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/sangue
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