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2.
Redox Biol ; 26: 101259, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31254734

RESUMO

The aim of this article is to correct a very general error in scientific articles, in textbooks and in the Internet that has become an accepted fact. In this literature, the term "vitamin E″ is used for several similar molecules (both tocopherols and tocotrienols) that have never been shown to have vitamin property, i.e. a protective effect against the human deficiency disease. In fact, the name "vitamin E″ should only be used to define molecules that prevent the human deficiency disease "Ataxia with Vitamin E Deficiency" (AVED). Only one such molecule is known, α-tocopherol. This error may confuse consumers as well as medical doctors, who prescribe vitamin E without realizing that the current use of the name includes molecules of unknown, if not unwanted functions.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/administração & dosagem , Ataxia/dietoterapia , Suplementos Nutricionais , Raquitismo/dietoterapia , Escorbuto/dietoterapia , Deficiência de Vitamina E/dietoterapia , Ácido Ascórbico/administração & dosagem , Ataxia/metabolismo , Ataxia/fisiopatologia , Ataxia/prevenção & controle , Calcitriol/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Raquitismo/metabolismo , Raquitismo/fisiopatologia , Raquitismo/prevenção & controle , Escorbuto/metabolismo , Escorbuto/fisiopatologia , Escorbuto/prevenção & controle , Estereoisomerismo , Terminologia como Assunto , Tocotrienóis/química , Tocotrienóis/classificação , Vitamina E/administração & dosagem , Deficiência de Vitamina E/metabolismo , Deficiência de Vitamina E/fisiopatologia , Deficiência de Vitamina E/prevenção & controle , alfa-Tocoferol/administração & dosagem
10.
Z Rheumatol ; 75(2): 166-72, 2016 Mar.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26783153

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In December 2014 a patient presented to our clinic with the clinical symptoms of vasculitis. However, treatment with glucocorticoids did not lead to any improvement; therefore, the differential diagnostics were extended to other indications and ultimately led to the diagnosis of scurvy. OBJECTIVE: This article describes the clinical picture of scurvy and its relationship to rheumatic diseases based on a clinical case and additional information from the literature. Differences and similarities with important rheumatological disease symptoms are presented. RESULTS: Scurvy is a rare hypovitaminosis disease which can be manifested in different forms. In addition to vasculitis the symptoms can also resemble arthritis and hemarthrosis is a typical finding. These symptoms can be accompanied by unspecific manifestations, such as muscle pain and due to impaired collagen synthesis characteristic features, such as corkscrew hair can be observed. The causal therapy of scurvy is substitution of ascorbic acid. CONCLUSION: Scurvy is a rare differential diagnosis in the context of rheumatic diseases. The indications for scurvy can be a lack of response to immunosuppressive and immunomodulatory drugs as well as individual symptoms, such as corkscrew hair.


Assuntos
Doenças Reumáticas/diagnóstico , Doenças Reumáticas/prevenção & controle , Escorbuto/dietoterapia , Escorbuto/diagnóstico , Adulto , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Humanos , Masculino , Doenças Raras/diagnóstico , Doenças Raras/etiologia , Doenças Raras/prevenção & controle , Doenças Reumáticas/etiologia , Escorbuto/complicações
11.
Eur J Clin Nutr ; 69(9): 1076-7, 2015 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26081492

RESUMO

Scurvy is one of the oldest diseases in human history. Nowadays, although scurvy tends to become a forgotten disease in developed country, rare cases still occur, especially in people undergoing extreme diet, old people or children with poor diet and patients with malabsorption. We describe three cases of scurvy. The first case is a patient diagnosed with Crohn's disease, the second one is in a context of anorexia nervosa and drug addiction, and the third case is in a context of social isolation. Early recognition of scurvy can be difficult because symptoms may appear nonspecific and can mimic more common conditions. In any patient with spontaneous hematoma and purpura, in the context of nutritional disorder, scurvy should be systematically considered. As this disease can lead to severe complications, such as bone pain, heart failure or gastrointestinal symptoms, nothing should delay vitamin C supplementation, which is a simple and rapidly effective treatment.


Assuntos
Anorexia Nervosa/complicações , Doença de Crohn/complicações , Escorbuto/etiologia , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/complicações , Adulto , Ácido Ascórbico/administração & dosagem , Suplementos Nutricionais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Escorbuto/dietoterapia , Escorbuto/psicologia , Isolamento Social , Vitaminas/administração & dosagem
12.
Arq Neuropsiquiatr ; 72(7): 562-3, 2014 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25054991

RESUMO

During the second expedition to the South Pole, Commander Jean-Baptiste Charcot and some members of the crew of "Pourquoi Pas?" developed symptoms suggestive of scurvy. The clinical picture was totally reversed after dietary changes.


Assuntos
Expedições/história , Escorbuto/história , Dieta , História do Século XX , Escorbuto/dietoterapia
13.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 72(7): 562-563, 07/2014. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-714583

RESUMO

During the second expedition to the South Pole, Commander Jean-Baptiste Charcot and some members of the crew of “Pourquoi Pas?” developed symptoms suggestive of scurvy. The clinical picture was totally reversed after dietary changes.


Durante a segunda expedição polar do sul, o comandante Charcot e alguns membros da tripulação do “Porquoi Pas?” desenvolveram sintomas sugestivos de escorbuto. O quadro clínico foi totalmente reversível após modificações da dieta.


Assuntos
História do Século XX , Expedições/história , Escorbuto/história , Dieta , Escorbuto/dietoterapia
17.
Ann Nutr Metab ; 61(3): 259-64, 2012.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23183299

RESUMO

The term 'scurvy' for the disease resulting from prolonged vitamin C deficiency had origins in 'scorbutus' (Latin), 'scorbut' (French), and 'Skorbut' (German). Scurvy was a common problem in the world's navies and is estimated to have affected 2 million sailors. In 1747, James Lind conducted a trial of six different treatments for 12 sailors with scurvy: only oranges and lemons were effective in treating scurvy. Scurvy also occurred on land, as many cases occurred with the 'great potato famine' in Ireland in 1845. Many animals, unlike humans, can synthesize their own vitamin C. Axel Holst and Theodor Frölich fortuitously produced scurvy in the guinea pig, which like humans requires vitamin C in the diet. In 1928, Albert Szent-Györgyi isolated a substance from adrenal glands that he called 'hexuronic acid'. Four years later, Charles Glen King isolated vitamin C in his laboratory and concluded that it was the same as 'hexuronic acid'. Norman Haworth deduced the chemical structure of vitamin C in 1933.


Assuntos
Ácido Ascórbico/química , Ácido Ascórbico/história , Ácido Ascórbico/farmacologia , Animais , Deficiência de Ácido Ascórbico/complicações , Deficiência de Ácido Ascórbico/dietoterapia , Deficiência de Ácido Ascórbico/fisiopatologia , Citrus/química , Cobaias , História do Século XVIII , História do Século XIX , História do Século XX , Humanos , Escorbuto/dietoterapia , Escorbuto/etiologia , Escorbuto/fisiopatologia
18.
Eur J Intern Med ; 23(3): e81; author reply e82, 2012 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22385895
19.
Eur J Intern Med ; 22(2): 147-52, 2011 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21402244

RESUMO

This study outlines the major landmarks in the research on scurvy and its relationship to vitamin C. A thorough search including original manuscripts, books and contemporary reviews published in PubMed was conducted using as keywords "scurvy", "vitamin C", and "history of medicine". Observations on scurvy first appear in Egyptian medical scrolls 3500 years ago, and continue through to the discovery of vitamin C and the modern research on the physiological role of ascorbic acid. The observations of great navigators during the 15th and 16th centuries, when scurvy plagued ships' crews, played an important role in clarifying scurvy's etiology. Among the personalities in the history of the disease, James Lind and Albert Szent-Györgyi are most noteworthy, the first for conducting the first clinical trial on the treatment of scurvy with lemon and orange juices, and the second for discovering and identifying vitamin C.


Assuntos
Bebidas , Citrus , Escorbuto/dietoterapia , Escorbuto/etiologia , História do Século XV , História do Século XVI , História Antiga , Humanos , Medicina Naval/história , Escorbuto/história
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