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1.
Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue ; 31(9): 1128-1132, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31657338

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of circadian heart rate variation on short-term and long-term mortality in intensive care unit (ICU) patients. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted. A total of 32 536 ICU patients were recorded from 2001 to 2008 published by Multiparameter Intelligent Monitoring in Intensive Care II (MIMIC-II v2.6) in April 2011. The circadian heart rate variation was defined as the ratio of mean nighttime (23:00 to 07:00) heart rate to mean daytime (07:00 to 23:00) heart rate. The 28-day mortality and 1-year mortality were defined as outcome events. The information such as age, gender, ethnicity, first sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score, first simplified acute physiology score I (SAPS I), usage of sedatives and catecholamines within 24 hours admission of ICU, clinical complications [hypertension, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), diabetes with or without complications, congestive heart failure, liver disease, renal failure, etc.], and the complete heart rate records within 24 hours after ICU admission were collected. Cox proportional risk regression models were used to investigate the association between circadian heart rate variation and 28-day mortality and 1-year mortality in ICU patients. Besides, subgroup analysis was also performed in patients with different first SOFA scores. RESULTS: Totally 15 382 ICU patients in MIMIC-II database were enrolled, excluding the patients without heart rate records or death records, using pacemaker with arrhythmia, without SOFA or SAPS I score records. Finally, 9 439 patients were enrolled in the study cohort. (1) Cox regression analysis of the whole patient showed that the higher circadian heart rate variation was correlated with the increased 28-day mortality [hazard ratio (HR) = 1.613, 95% confidence interval (95%CI) was 1.338-1.943, P < 0.001] and 1-year mortality (HR = 1.573, 95%CI was 1.296-1.908, P < 0.001). After adjustment for demographic factors (age, gender and ethnicity), severity of illness (SOFA and SAPS I scores), clinical complications (hypertension, COPD, diabetes with or without complications, congestive heart failure, liver disease, renal failure, etc.), and influence of medications (sedatives and catecholamines), the night-day heart rate ratio was also correlated with 28-day mortality (HR = 1.256, 95%CI was 1.018-1.549, P = 0.033) and 1-year mortality (HR = 1.249, 95%CI was 1.010-1.545, P = 0.040). (2) According to the SOFA score (median value of 5), the patients were divided into two subgroups, in which 5 478 patients with SOFA score ≤ 5 and 3 961 patients with SOFA score > 5. Cox regression subgroup analysis showed that circadian heart rate variation was related with higher 28-day mortality (HR = 1.430, 95%CI was 1.164-1.756, P = 0.001) and 1-year mortality (HR = 1.393, 95%CI was 1.123-1.729, P = 0.003) in patients with SOFA score > 5. After adjustment for covariates, the 28-day mortality (HR = 1.279, 95%CI was 1.032-1.584, P = 0.025) and 1-year mortality (HR = 1.255, 95%CI was 1.010-1.558, P = 0.040) also increased with the increasing of night-day heart rate ratio in patients with SOFA score > 5. However, the relationships did not exist in patients with SOFA score ≤ 5. CONCLUSIONS: In ICU patients, the 28-day mortality and 1-year mortality increase with the higher circadian heart rate variation, which indicates that the circadian heart rate variation in ICU patients is positively correlated with the short-term and long-term mortality, especially in patients with relatively severe illness.


Assuntos
Relógios Circadianos , Frequência Cardíaca/fisiologia , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Mortalidade/tendências , Cuidados Críticos , Humanos , Escores de Disfunção Orgânica , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(41): e17479, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31593111

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is a potentially life-threatening condition. The aim of this study is to investigate the stratified and prognostic value of admission lactate and severity scores (confusion, urea >7 mmol/L, respiratory rate ≥30/min, blood pressure <90 mm Hg systolic and/or ≤60 mm Hg diastolic, and age ≥65 years [CURB65], pneumonia severity index [PSI], sequential organ failure assessment [SOFA], qSOFA) in patients with CAP in emergency department. METHODS: Adult patients diagnosed with CAP admitted between January 2017 and January 2019 were enrolled and divided into severe CAP (SCAP) group and nonSCAP (NSCAP) group according to international guidelines, death group, and survival group according to 28-day prognosis. Predicting performance of parameters above was compared using receiver operating characteristic curves and logistic regression model. Cox proportional hazard regression model was used to identify variables independently associated with 28-day mortality. RESULTS: A total of 350 patients with CAP were enrolled. About 196 patients were classified as SCAP and 74 patients died after a 28-day follow-up. The levels of CURB65, PSI, SOFA, qSOFA, and admission lactate were higher in the SCAP group and death group. SOFA showed advantage in predicting SCAP, while qSOFA is superior in predicting 28-day mortality. The combination of SOFA and admission lactate outperformed other combinations in predicting SCAP, and the combination of qSOFA and lactate showed highest superiority over other combinations in predicting 28-day mortality. CONCLUSION: The SOFA is a valuable predictor for SCAP and qSOFA is superior in predicting 28-day mortality. Combination of qSOFA and admission lactate can improve the predicting performance of single qSOFA.


Assuntos
Infecções Comunitárias Adquiridas/mortalidade , Ácido Láctico/sangue , Escores de Disfunção Orgânica , Admissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Pneumonia/mortalidade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Infecções Comunitárias Adquiridas/sangue , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pneumonia/sangue , Prognóstico , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos
3.
JAMA ; 322(13): 1261-1270, 2019 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31573637

RESUMO

Importance: Experimental data suggest that intravenous vitamin C may attenuate inflammation and vascular injury associated with sepsis and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Objective: To determine the effect of intravenous vitamin C infusion on organ failure scores and biological markers of inflammation and vascular injury in patients with sepsis and ARDS. Design, Setting, and Participants: The CITRIS-ALI trial was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter trial conducted in 7 medical intensive care units in the United States, enrolling patients (N = 167) with sepsis and ARDS present for less than 24 hours. The study was conducted from September 2014 to November 2017, and final follow-up was January 2018. Interventions: Patients were randomly assigned to receive intravenous infusion of vitamin C (50 mg/kg in dextrose 5% in water, n = 84) or placebo (dextrose 5% in water only, n = 83) every 6 hours for 96 hours. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary outcomes were change in organ failure as assessed by a modified Sequential Organ Failure Assessment score (range, 0-20, with higher scores indicating more dysfunction) from baseline to 96 hours, and plasma biomarkers of inflammation (C-reactive protein levels) and vascular injury (thrombomodulin levels) measured at 0, 48, 96, and 168 hours. Results: Among 167 randomized patients (mean [SD] age, 54.8 years [16.7]; 90 men [54%]), 103 (62%) completed the study to day 60. There were no significant differences between the vitamin C and placebo groups in the primary end points of change in mean modified Sequential Organ Failure Assessment score from baseline to 96 hours (from 9.8 to 6.8 in the vitamin C group [3 points] and from 10.3 to 6.8 in the placebo group [3.5 points]; difference, -0.10; 95% CI, -1.23 to 1.03; P = .86) or in C-reactive protein levels (54.1 vs 46.1 µg/mL; difference, 7.94 µg/mL; 95% CI, -8.2 to 24.11; P = .33) and thrombomodulin levels (14.5 vs 13.8 ng/mL; difference, 0.69 ng/mL; 95% CI, -2.8 to 4.2; P = .70) at 168 hours. Conclusions and Relevance: In this preliminary study of patients with sepsis and ARDS, a 96-hour infusion of vitamin C compared with placebo did not significantly improve organ dysfunction scores or alter markers of inflammation and vascular injury. Further research is needed to evaluate the potential role of vitamin C for other outcomes in sepsis and ARDS. Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02106975.


Assuntos
Ácido Ascórbico/administração & dosagem , Insuficiência de Múltiplos Órgãos/prevenção & controle , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório do Adulto/tratamento farmacológico , Sepse/tratamento farmacológico , Vitaminas/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Idoso , Ácido Ascórbico/uso terapêutico , Biomarcadores/sangue , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Infusões Intravenosas , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Insuficiência de Múltiplos Órgãos/etiologia , Escores de Disfunção Orgânica , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório do Adulto/complicações , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório do Adulto/mortalidade , Sepse/complicações , Sepse/mortalidade , Trombomodulina/sangue , Vitaminas/uso terapêutico
4.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 21(9): 898-903, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31506150

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the predictive value of Pediatric Age-adapted Sequential Organ Failure Assessment Score (pSOFA), Pediatric Risk of Mortality Score III (PRISM III), and Pediatric Critical Illness Score (PCIS) in children with severe sepsis. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 193 hospitalized children with severe sepsis. According to the final outcome, these children were divided into a survival group with 151 children and a death group with 42 children. The scores of pSOFA, PRISM III, and PCIS were determined according to the worst values of each index within 24 hours after admission. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to analyze the efficiency of each scoring system in predicting the risk of death due to sepsis. Smooth curve fitting was used to analyze the correlation between the three scoring systems and the threshold effect of each scoring system. Decision curve analysis (DCA) was used to evaluate the application value of each scoring system. RESULTS: The ROC analysis showed that PCIS and pSOFA had a similar predictive value (P=0.182) and that PRISM III and pSOFA had a similar predictive value (P=0.210), while PRISM III had a better predictive value than PCIS (P=0.045). PRISM III had the highest degree of fitting with prognosis, followed by pSOFA and PCIS. The DCA analysis showed that when the risk of death was 0.4 and 0.6 in children with severe sepsis and the three scoring systems were used as the basis for emergency intervention decision-making, pSOFA achieved the highest standardized net benefit, followed by PRISM III and PCIS. CONCLUSIONS: All three scoring systems have a certain value in predicting the prognosis of children with severe sepsis, and pSOFA has a better value than PRISM III and PCIS.


Assuntos
Escores de Disfunção Orgânica , Sepse , Criança , Estado Terminal , Humanos , Prognóstico , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos
5.
Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue ; 31(8): 933-937, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31537214

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the diagnosis accuracy of the quick sequential organ failure assessment (qSOFA) score for adult sepsis patient with soft tissue infection, and to assess the prognostic accuracy of the qSOFA score for septic shock. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted. The patients with soft tissue infection admitted to the general surgery department of Beijing Hospital and the burns and plastic surgery department of Fourth Medical Center of PLA General Hospital from January 2012 to December 2018 were enrolled. Patients were divided into the sepsis group and the non-sepsis group according to whether sepsis occurred within 48 hours after diagnosis of infection. The baseline data, prognosis, and qSOFA, the change of sequential organ failure assessment (ΔSOFA), systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) scores were compared between the two groups, and the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were also drawn to assess the diagnosis accuracy of the qSOFA and SIRS scores for adult sepsis patients with soft tissue infection and to assess the prognostic accuracy of the qSOFA, ΔSOFA and SIRS scores for septic shock of these patients. RESULTS: 192 patients were included in the study. Sepsis occurred in 79 patients (41.1%) within 48 hours after diagnosis of infection. Septic shock occurred in 28 patients (14.6%) during 28-day hospitalization and 6 patients (3.1%) died. Compared with non-sepsis group, more proportion of necrotizing fasciitis, septic shock and patients received mechanical ventilation (21.5% vs. 4.4%, 31.6% vs. 2.7%, 16.5% vs. 4.4%, all P < 0.01), with higher mortality (7.6% vs. 0%, P = 0.003) in sepsis group. ROC curve analysis showed that when the cut-off value of qSOFA ≥ 2, the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and area under ROC curve (AUC) were 48.1%, 92.0%, 80.8%, 71.7% and 0.824 [95% confidence interval (95%CI) = 0.764-0.884, P < 0.01] respectively for diagnosis of sepsis caused by soft tissue infection. When the cut-off value of SIRS score ≥ 3, the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and AUC were 89.8%, 48.6%, 55.0%, 87.3% and 0.721 (95%CI = 0.677-0.765, P < 0.01) respectively for diagnosis of sepsis caused by soft tissue infection. All scores of qSOFA ≥ 2, ΔSOFA ≥ 2 and SIRS score ≥ 3 could be used to predict septic shock (all P < 0.01). The AUC of ΔSOFA, qSOFA and SIRS scores were 0.767 (95%CI = 0.665-0.869), 0.840 (95%CI = 0.757-0.923) and 0.716 (95%CI = 0.596-0.835) respectively. CONCLUSIONS: qSOFA ≥ 2 can be used as a rapid sepsis screening tool for adult patients with soft tissue infection. It is suggested that qSOFA or SIRS scores can be used to predict septic shock of adult patients with soft tissue infection initially.


Assuntos
Sepse , Infecções dos Tecidos Moles , Adulto , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Escores de Disfunção Orgânica , Estudos Retrospectivos
6.
Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue ; 31(8): 938-941, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31537215

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the assessment values of procalcitonin (PCT), lactic acid (LAC), sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score and acute physiology and chronic health evaluation II (APACHE II) score in patients with sepsis. METHODS: 140 patients with suspicious bacterial infection admitted to emergency department of Beijing Chaoyang Hospital of the Capital Medical University from August 2017 to June 2018 were enrolled. They were divided into three groups according to diagnostic criteria of Sepsis-3: non-sepsis group (n = 58), sepsis group (n = 66) and septic shock group (n = 16). The PCT, LAC, SOFA score, APACHE II score, 28-day prognosis, and positive detection rate of PCT and LAC were compared among three groups. Independent predictors of 28-day mortality were analyzed by Logistic regression; predictive values of PCT, LAC, SOFA score and APACHE II score for 28-day mortality in sepsis patients were analyzed by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. RESULTS: PCT, LAC, SOFA score, APACHE II score at admission, and 28-day mortality in sepsis group and septic shock group were significantly higher than those in non-sepsis group, and PCT, LAC, APACHE II score, and 28-day mortality in sepsis shock group were further higher than those in sepsis group [PCT (µg/L): 38.1±12.6 vs. 4.6±2.3, LAC (mmol/L): 3.3±2.1 vs. 2.4±2.1, APACHE II score: 14.9±2.4 vs. 9.5±4.3, 28-day mortality: 75.0% vs. 24.2%, all P < 0.05]. The positive detection rate of PCT and LAC in sepsis group and septic shock group were higher than those in non-sepsis group (positive detection rate of PCT: 56.1%, 81.3% vs. 32.8%; positive detection rate of LAC: 42.4%, 62.5% vs. 13.7%; all P < 0.01). Logistic regression analysis showed that PCT, LAC, SOFA score and APACHE II score were independent predictors of 28-day mortality [PCT: odds ratio (OR) = 0.933, 95% confidence interval (95%CI) = 0.878-0.991; LAC: OR = 0.539, 95%CI = 0.347-0.838; SOFA score: OR = 0.291, 95%CI = 0.514-0.741; APACHE II score: OR = 0.808, 95%CI = 0.669-0.976; all P < 0.05]. ROC curve analysis showed that the area under ROC curve (AUC) of PCT, LAC, SOFA score and APACHE II score predicting 28-day mortality was 0.76, 0.86, 0.81 and 0.87, respectively. The assessment values of APACHE II score and LAC were higher than PCT in predicting 28-day mortality (Z1 = 2.56, Z2 = 2.45, both P < 0.01), and the performance of SOFA score was similar to PCT. CONCLUSIONS: PCT, LAC, SOFA score and APACHE II score were reliable indexes to evaluate disease severity for patients diagnosed with infection. The assessment values of APACHE II score and LAC in 28-day mortality were superior to SOFA score and PCT.


Assuntos
Ácido Láctico/metabolismo , Pró-Calcitonina/metabolismo , Sepse/metabolismo , APACHE , Humanos , Escores de Disfunção Orgânica , Prognóstico , Curva ROC
7.
Khirurgiia (Mosk) ; (9): 58-65, 2019.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31532168

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To define the informative value of qSOFA score in the prediction of outcomes in surgical patients admitted to the Intensive Care Units. STUDY DESIGN: Post hoc analysis of multicenter prospective observational study RISES. The following patient information was analyzed: gender, age, diagnosis, presence of infection, SIRS criteria, qSOFA and SOFA scores, outcomes. RESULTS: The study included data of 331 patients with surgical diseases. Infection was not observed in 174 (52.6%) cases, 157 (47.4%) patients had infection. In the group of patients without infection, area under ROC-curve for SIRS criteria was 0.519 (95% CI 0.429-0.610) and similar to that qSOFA (p=0.535). Area under ROC-curve for SOFA scale was 0.619 (95% CI 0.511-0.726) and did not significantly differ from this value for QSOFA (p=0.241). In the group of surgical patients with infection, area under ROC-curve for SIRS was 0.490 (95% CI 0.419-0.561), that was significantly lower than area under ROC-curve for qSOFA (p=0.016). Area under ROC-curve for SOFA scale was 0.803 (95% CI 0.681-0.924), that significantly exceeded area under ROC-curve for qSOFA (p=0.017). CONCLUSION: qSOFA scale is important in surgical patients with infection admitted to ICUs. Increased qSOFA score is associated with augmentation of mortality rate. qSOFA scale significantly exceeds the SIRS criteria, but is inferior to the SOFA in the prognosis of mortality in these patients.


Assuntos
Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/estatística & dados numéricos , Insuficiência de Múltiplos Órgãos/mortalidade , Escores de Disfunção Orgânica , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios/mortalidade , Humanos , Insuficiência de Múltiplos Órgãos/terapia , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Federação Russa , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(32): e16470, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31393351

RESUMO

We aimed to investigate the correlation of long noncoding RNA nuclear enriched abundant transcript 1 (lnc-NEAT1), microRNA-124 (miR-124) and lnc-NEAT1/miR-124 axis with disease risk, severity, inflammatory cytokines, and survival of sepsis.Eighty-two patients with sepsis and 82 healthy controls (HCs) were consecutively enrolled. Blood samples were collected for detection of lnc-NEAT1 and miR-124 expressions (using RT-qPCR) and measurement of inflammatory cytokines expressions (by ELISA). Severity and organ failure were assessed by acute physiology and chronic health evaluation II (APACHE II) score and sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score, and survival was assessed.Lnc-NEAT1 expression was increased while miR-124 expression was decreased in patients with sepsis compared to HCs, and both of them were able to distinguish patients with sepsis from HCs. For disease condition, lnc-NEAT1 positively associated with APACHE II score, SOFA score, and expressions of C-reactive protein (CRP), procalcitonin, tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), and interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß), whereas miR-124 negatively correlated with APACHE II score, SOFA score and levels of serum creatinine (Scr), CRP, TNF-α, IL-1ß, interleukin-6 (IL-6) and interleukin-17 (IL-17). Regarding prognosis, lnc-NEAT1 was upregulated but miR-124 was downregulated in nonsurvivors compared to survivors. Additionally, lnc-NEAT1 negatively correlated with miR-124. Besides, lnc-NEAT1/miR-124 axis was increased in patients with sepsis compared to HCs, and positively associated with APACHE II score, SOFA score, and levels of Scr, CRP, TNF-α, IL-1ß, IL-6, and IL-17, while negatively correlated with survival. Most importantly, lnc-NEAT1/miR-124 axis presented numerically increased predictive value for sepsis risk and survival compared to each index alone.Lnc-NEAT1/miR-124 axis correlates with increased sepsis risk, and associates with higher inflammation, deteriorative disease condition, and decreased survival in patients with sepsis.


Assuntos
Mediadores da Inflamação/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/biossíntese , Sepse/mortalidade , Sepse/fisiopatologia , APACHE , Adulto , Idoso , Deterioração Clínica , Citocinas/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , MicroRNAs/biossíntese , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Escores de Disfunção Orgânica , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
9.
Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue ; 31(6): 674-679, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31315721

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the value of plasma histones in predicting the prognosis of sepsis patients. METHODS: The patients with sepsis admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) of Subei People's Hospital of Jiangsu Province Affiliated to Yangzhou University from May 2016 to June 2018 were enrolled as the research subjects, and healthy volunteers were selected as healthy control at the same period. The plasma levels of histones, cardiac troponin I (cTnI), N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score, lactate (Lac), procalcitonin (PCT) on admission 24 hours, and use of vasoconstrictor agents, the length of ICU stay and ICU mortality were recorded. The patients were divided into survival group and death group according to the prognosis, and the differences of each index between the two groups were compared. Multivariate binary Logistic regression analysis was carried out to identify the independent risk factors of death. The correlation between histone and the levels of cTnI, NT-proBNP, PCT and Lac was analyzed. The value of plasma histone, cTnI, NT-proBNP, PCT and Lac in predicting the prognosis of patients was analyzed by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. According to the threshold value of histone in predicting prognosis, the patients were divided into two groups, and the differences of various indicators between the two groups were compared. RESULTS: (1) A total of 93 sepsis patients were included, with 29 cases of ICU death, and the mortality was 31.2%. (2) Compared with the healthy control group, histones, cTnI, NT-proBNP were significant increased, besides, histones, cTnI in the death group were further increased compared with the survival group; in addition, SOFA, proportion of vasoconstrictor use were also significant higher than those in the survival group [histones (mg/L): 0.33 (0.28,0.45) vs. 0.22 (0.17,0.29), cTnI (µg/L): 0.25±0.13 vs. 0.20±0.08, SOFA: 11 (8, 12) vs. 9 (8, 11), the rate of vasopressor use: 93.1% (27/29) vs. 68.8% (44/64), all P < 0.05]. Statistically significant indicators between the two groups were included in multivariate binary Logistic regression analysis. The result showed that the independent risk factors affecting the prognosis of patients were the rate of vasopressor use [odds ratio (OR) = 5.277, P = 0.043] and the level of histone (OR = 79.244, P = 0.036). (3) The plasma histone level were positively correlated with cTnI (r = 0.577, P = 0.000), SOFA (r = 0.469, P = 0.000), NT-proBNP (r = 0.349, P = 0.001) and Lac (r = 0.357, P = 0.000), while there was no significant correlation between histone and PCT (r = 0.133, P = 0.205). (4) ROC curve analysis showed that the area under ROC curve (AUC) of histone predicting prognosis was 0.769 (P = 0.000); when the cut-off point was 0.30 mg/L, the sensitivity and specificity were 72.4% and 81.2% respectively. The AUC of SOFA score was 0.653 (P = 0.018), and the sensitivity and specificity were 58.6% and 70.3% respectively when the cut-off point was 10.50; while cTnI, NT-proBNP, Lac and PCT had little value in predicting the prognosis of patients. (5) Compared with the group with histone level lower than 0.3 mg/L, the group with histones level greater than 0.3 mg/L had higher SOFA score, more doses of vasopressor, higher cTnI, NT-proBNP, Lac and PCT levels, and higher ICU mortality [SOFA: 11 (10, 12) vs. 9 (8, 10), use of vasopressor: 84.8% (28/33) vs. 76.7% (46/60), cTnI (µg/L): 0.28 (0.19, 0.32) vs. 0.18 (0.12, 0.22), NT-proBNP (ng/L): 3 624.0 (2 800.0, 5 260.0) vs. 2 512.0 (1 361.8, 3 590.8), Lac (mmol/L): 2.25 (1.85, 3.50) vs. 1.60 (1.25, 2.35), PCT (µg/L): 2.10 (1.30, 4.03) vs. 1.60 (1.26, 2.33), ICU mortality: 48.5% (16/33) vs. 21.7% (13/60), all P < 0.05], while no statistical difference in the length of ICU stay was found. CONCLUSIONS: The independent risk factors for ICU mortality of sepsis patients were high histone level and the use of vasopressor. Plasma histone can be regarded as an indicator in predicting the prognosis of patients with sepsis.


Assuntos
Histonas/sangue , Sepse/terapia , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Escores de Disfunção Orgânica , Prognóstico , Curva ROC , Sepse/sangue
10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(26): e16204, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31261567

RESUMO

Several prognostic indices have been employed to predict the outcome of surgical critically ill patients. Among them, acute physiology and chronic health evaluation (APACHE) II, sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) and simplified acute physiology score (SAPS 3) are widely used. It seems that biological markers such as C-reactive protein (CRP), albumin, and blood lactate levels correlate with the degree of inflammation during the immediate postoperative phase and could be used as independent predictors. The objective of this study is to compare the different predictive values of prognostic indices and biological markers in the outcome of 847 surgical patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) in the postoperative phase.The patients were divided into survivors (n = 765, 57.4% males, age 61, interquartile range 51-71) and nonsurvivors (n = 82, 57.3% males, age 70, interquartile range 58-79). APACHE II, APACHE II death probability (DP), SOFA, SAPS 3, SAPS 3 DP, CRP, albumin, and lactate were recorded on ICU admission (first 24 hours). The area under the ROC curve (AUROC) and 95% confidence interval (95% CI) were used to measure the index accuracy to predict mortality.The AUROC and 95% CI for APACHE II, APACHE II DP, SOFA, SAPS 3, SAPS 3 DP, CRP/albumin ratio, CRP, albumin, and lactate were 0.850 (0.824-0.873), 0.855 (0.829-0.878), 0.791 (0.762-0.818), 0.840 (0.813-0.864), 0.840 (0.813-0.864), 0.731 (0.700-0.761), 0.708 (0.676-0.739), 0.697 (0.665-0.728), and 0.601 (0.567-0.634), respectively. The ICU and overall in-hospital mortality were 6.6 and 9.7%, respectively. The APACHE II, APACHE II DP, SAPS 3, SAPS 3 DP, and SOFA scores showed a better performance than CRP/albumin ratio, CRP, albumin, or lactate to predict in-hospital mortality of surgical critically ill patients.Even though all indices were able to discriminate septic from nonseptic patients, only APACHE II, APACHE II DP, SOFA and to a lesser extent SAPS 3, SAPS 3 DP, and blood lactate levels could predict in the first 24-hour ICU admission surgical patients who have survived sepsis.


Assuntos
Cuidados Críticos , Estado Terminal/mortalidade , Estado Terminal/terapia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , APACHE , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , Cuidados Críticos/métodos , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Ácido Láctico/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Escores de Disfunção Orgânica , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/terapia , Período Pós-Operatório , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sepse/diagnóstico , Sepse/mortalidade , Sepse/terapia , Albumina Sérica/metabolismo , Escala Psicológica Aguda Simplificada
11.
Transplant Proc ; 51(6): 1791-1795, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31301854

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The 2013 Banff meeting updated the requirements for the diagnosis of acute/active antibody-mediated rejection (AAMR) in kidney allografts. There has been speculation that the changes lower the threshold for diagnosing AAMR, and may lead to possible unnecessary and expensive treatment. METHODS: We compared the 2013 Banff classification for AAMR to the previous 2007 Banff to determine if there was an increase in the number of patients receiving a diagnosis of AAMR and if the diagnosis affected allograft survival and post-biopsy 3-month and 6-month creatinine and eGFR values. RESULTS: A total of 212 renal allograft biopsies were compared to both 2007 and 2013 Banff classification requirements for AAMR. Ten patients (11 biopsies) met the 2007 criteria. An additional 15 patients (20 biopsies) met the 2013 criteria. These 2 groups showed no statistically significant demographic differences. By applying the 2013 Banff classification, we observed a 2.5-fold increase in the number of AAMR cases. One-year post-transplant allograft survival was higher in the 2013 group (.85 vs .55) and the 3-month and 6-month post-biopsy creatinine values were significantly lower for the 2013 group (1.6 ± .6 vs 3.3 ± 2.2, P value .01, and 1.7 ± .6 vs 3.4 ± 2.8, P value .03). The 3-month and 6-month eGFR values were higher in the 2013 group, although not statistically significant. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that use of Banff 2013 criteria in place of Banff 2007 may result in diagnosing milder and earlier cases of AAMR with the possibility of initiating earlier treatment and improving graft outcomes.


Assuntos
Anticorpos/análise , Rejeição de Enxerto/diagnóstico , Transplante de Rim/efeitos adversos , Escores de Disfunção Orgânica , Adulto , Aloenxertos/imunologia , Aloenxertos/patologia , Anticorpos/imunologia , Biópsia , Creatinina/análise , Feminino , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Rejeição de Enxerto/imunologia , Rejeição de Enxerto/patologia , Sobrevivência de Enxerto/imunologia , Humanos , Rim/imunologia , Rim/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Transplante Homólogo , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
BMC Surg ; 19(1): 75, 2019 Jul 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31269932

RESUMO

PURPOSES: To establish a scoring model for the risk of postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) following pancreatoduodenectomy (PD). METHODS: PD Patients from 7 institutions in 2 independent sets: developmental (n = 457) and validation cohort (n = 152) were retrospectively enrolled and analyzed. Pancreatic Fibrosis (PF) and Pancreatic Steatosis (PS) were assessed by pathological examination of the pancreatic stump. RESULTS: Stepwise univariate and multivariate analysis indicated that pancreatic duct diameter ≤ 3 mm, increased PS and decreased PF were independent risk factors for POPF and Clinically Relevant Postoperative Pancreatic Fistula (CR-POPF). Based on the relative weight and odds ratio of each factor in the POPF, a simplified scoring model was developed. And patients were stratified into high-risk group (22~28 points), medium-risk group (15~21 points) and low-risk group (8~14 points). The receiver operating characteristic curve demonstrated that the Area under the curve for the predictive model was 0.868 and 0.887 in the model design group and the external validation group. CONCLUSIONS: This study establishes a simplified scoring model based on accurately and quantitatively measuring the PS, PF and pancreatic duct diameter. The scoring model accurately predicted the risk of POPF.


Assuntos
Escores de Disfunção Orgânica , Pâncreas/patologia , Pancreatopatias/cirurgia , Fístula Pancreática/diagnóstico , Pancreaticoduodenectomia/efeitos adversos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Fibrose , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pâncreas/cirurgia , Pancreatopatias/patologia , Ductos Pancreáticos/patologia , Ductos Pancreáticos/cirurgia , Fístula Pancreática/etiologia , Fístula Pancreática/patologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/cirurgia , Pancreaticoduodenectomia/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Adulto Jovem
13.
Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue ; 31(5): 562-565, 2019 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31198140

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prognostic value of procalcitonin (PCT) and C-reactive protein (CRP) combined with sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score in elderly patients with sepsis induced by pulmonary infection. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted. The elderly patients aged over 60 years old with sepsis induced by pulmonary infection admitted to Guangdong Provincial Hospital of Chinese Medicine from October 2015 to December 2018 were enrolled. The PCT, CRP and SOFA scores of patients within 24 hours after admission and 28-day prognosis were recorded. The patients were divided into groups according to the severity of the disease and 28-day prognosis. The differences in above parameters among all the groups were compared. Receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curve was drawn to analyze the prognostic value of the above indicators in elderly patients with sepsis induced by pulmonary infection alone or in combination. RESULTS: A total of 265 patients were enrolled in the study. According to the severity of the disease, the patients were divided into sepsis group (n = 194) and septic shock group (n = 71). According to the 28-day prognosis, the patients were divided into survival group (n = 186) and non-survival group (n = 79). Compared with the sepsis group, the PCT, CRP and SOFA scores of patients in the septic shock group were significantly increased [PCT (µg/L): 6.16 (1.94, 19.60) vs. 1.56 (0.34, 7.32), CRP (mg/L): 128.90 (54.93, 198.70) vs. 91.45 (30.15, 175.30), SOFA score: 9.0 (7.0, 12.0) vs. 4.0 (3.0, 5.0)] with significant differences (all P < 0.05). Compared with the survival group, the PCT, CRP and SOFA scores of sepsis patients in the non-survival group were significantly increased [PCT (µg/L): 4.80 (1.06, 19.60) vs. 1.82 (0.34, 7.24), CRP (mg/L): 135.20 (58.10, 225.50) vs. 91.45 (31.50, 172.53), SOFA score: 7.0 (4.0, 11.0) vs. 4.0 (3.0, 6.0)] with significant differences (all P < 0.01). ROC curve analysis showed that the area under the ROC curve (AUC) of PCT, CRP, SOFA score and CRP+PCT+SOFA score was 0.641, 0.607, 0.697, and 0.712, indicating that above parameters had certain predictive value for 28-day prognosis of elderly patients with sepsis induced by pulmonary infection, and the combined predictive value of them was the greatest with the sensitivity of 55.1% and the specificity of 80.1%. CONCLUSIONS: PCT, CRP and SOFA score are commonly used to evaluate the prognosis of the elderly patients with sepsis induced by pulmonary infection, and the combination of them has higher evaluation value.


Assuntos
Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Escores de Disfunção Orgânica , Pró-Calcitonina/sangue , Sepse/terapia , Idoso , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Infecções Respiratórias/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sepse/sangue , Sepse/complicações
14.
Int J Infect Dis ; 85: 143-149, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31170548

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prognostic value of phenylalanine and leucine in patients with severe infection. METHODS: Ninety-three patients with infection who had a quick Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (qSOFA) score ≥2 were enrolled. Plasma phenylalanine, leucine, albumin, C-reactive protein, pre-albumin, and transferrin were measured and the SOFA score at enrollment was calculated after hospitalization. RESULTS: During the 3-month follow-up, 30 (32.3%) patients died. Death was associated with higher SOFA scores, a higher incidence of bacteremia and admission to the intensive care unit, higher C-reactive protein and phenylalanine levels, worse kidney function, and lower pre-albumin and transferrin levels. Patients were categorized into three groups: high-risk type 1 (phenylalanine ≥84µM), high-risk type 2 (phenylalanine <84µM and leucine <93µM), and low-risk (other). Compared to the low-risk type patients, high-risk type 1 and 2 patients had higher mortality rates (hazard ratio 10.1 (95% CI 2.33-43.5) and hazard ratio 5.56 (95% CI 1.22-25.4), respectively). Type 1 patients had higher SOFA scores, a higher incidence of admission to the intensive care unit, and higher C-reactive protein and leucine levels. Type 2 patients had lower albumin and hemoglobin levels. Multivariable analysis showed that both high-risk types were independent predictors of death. CONCLUSIONS: Phenylalanine- and leucine-defined risk classifications provide metabolic information with prognostic value for patients with severe infection.


Assuntos
Infecção/mortalidade , Leucina/sangue , Fenilalanina/sangue , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Bacteriemia/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Infecção/sangue , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Escores de Disfunção Orgânica , Prognóstico
15.
Int J Infect Dis ; 85: 158-166, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31229612

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Optimizing antibiotic therapy has an important impact on the management of critically ill patients. Procalcitonin (PCT) is considered to be of possible use in the guidance of antibiotic stewardship; however, its efficacy remains controversial. Thus, a meta-analysis was performed to determine the efficacy of PCT-guided antibiotic therapy in critically ill patients. METHODS: The relevant literature was searched in PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library covering the period from 2004 to August 2018. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were included if critically ill patients were treated with PCT-guided antibiotic therapy or standard care. The primary outcome was short-term mortality; secondary endpoints were the duration of antibiotic treatment, intensive care unit (ICU) length of stay (LOS), and hospital LOS. RESULTS: Sixteen RCTs enrolling 6452 critically ill patients were included in this analysis. The pooled analysis demonstrated a comparable short-term mortality (rate ratio (RR) 0.90, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.80-1.01; p= 0.07), ICU LOS (mean difference (MD) 0.38, 95% CI -0.05 to 0.81; p=0.09), and hospital LOS (MD 0.19, 95% CI -1.56 to 1.95; p= 0.83) for PCT-guided antibiotic therapy and standard antibiotic therapy, and an antibiotic duration shorter by 0.99 days (95% CI -1.85 to -0.13 days; p= 0.02) for PCT-guided antibiotic therapy. In the subgroup analysis, patients with an average Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score of <8 in the PCT-guided cessation of antibiotics group had a lower short-term mortality compared with the standard care group (RR 0.81, 95% CI 0.66-0.99; p= 0.04), while no difference was found in the subgroup with an average SOFA score of >8 (RR 0.85, 95% CI 0.66-1.11; p=0.23). CONCLUSIONS: PCT-guided antibiotic therapy fails to decrease the mortality or LOS of critically ill patients with suspected or confirmed sepsis. PCT-guided cessation of antibiotic therapy could reduce the mortality in patients with an average SOFA score of <8, but not in those with an average SOFA score of >8.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Estado Terminal/mortalidade , Pró-Calcitonina/análise , Sepse/tratamento farmacológico , Gestão de Antimicrobianos , Biomarcadores/análise , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Tempo de Internação , Escores de Disfunção Orgânica
16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(23): e15966, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31169726

RESUMO

The quick sequential organ failure assessment (qSOFA) score is widely used to assess the risk of sepsis and predict in-hospital mortality in patients with suspected infection. However, its ability to predict mortality among geriatric patients with influenza in the emergency department (ED) remains unclear. Therefore, this study was conducted to delineate this issue.A retrospective case-control study was conducted on geriatric patients (age ≥65 years) with influenza who visited the ED of a medical center between January 01, 2010, and December 31, 2015. Demographic data, vital signs, past histories, influenza subtypes, and treatment outcomes were included in the analysis. We assessed the accuracy of the qSOFA score in predicting 30-day mortality via logistic regression. Covariate adjustment of the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC) via regression modeling was performed too.In total, 409 geriatric ED patients with mean age of 79.5 years and nearly equal sex ratio were recruited. The mean qSOFA score was 0.55 ±â€Š0.7. The Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness-of-fit test was 0.79 for qSOFA score. Patients with qSOFA score of ≥2 (odds ratio, 4.21; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.56-11.40) had increased in-hospital mortality. qSOFA score of ≥2 also had excellent in-hospital mortality discrimination with an adjusted AUROC of 0.81 (95% CI, 0.71-0.90). A qSOFA of ≥2 had prominent specificity of 0.89 (95% CI, 0.86-0.92).An increase in qSOFA score of 2 greatly predicts mortality in geriatric patients with influenza.


Assuntos
Avaliação Geriátrica/métodos , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Influenza Humana/mortalidade , Escores de Disfunção Orgânica , Sepse/mortalidade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Área Sob a Curva , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Feminino , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Masculino , Prognóstico , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Sepse/virologia
17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(23): e15981, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31169735

RESUMO

To investigate whether procalcitonin (PCT) can improve the performance of quick sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score in predicting sepsis mortality, we conducted a retrospective multicenter cohort study with independent validation in a prospectively collected cohort in 3 tertiary medical centers. Patients with presumed sepsis were included. Serum PCT levels were measured at admission. Quick SOFA score and systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) criteria were calculated for each patient. PCT levels were assigned into 0, 1, and 2 points for a serum level of <0.25, 0.25 to 2, and >2 ng/mL, and added to the quick sepsis-related organ failure assessment (qSOFA) score. The incremental value of PCT to qSOFA was then evaluated by logistic regression, receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve, and reclassification analysis.In all, 1318 patients with presumed severe infection were enrolled with a 30-day mortality of 13.5%. Serum level of PCT showed a high correlation with qSOFA score and 30-day inhospital mortality. The area under the ROC curve was 0.56 for SIRS criteria, 0.67 for qSOFA score, and 0.73 for qSOFA_PCT in predicting 30-day mortality. The risk prediction improvement was reflected by a net reclassification improvement of 35% (17%-52%). Incorporation of PCT into the qSOFA model could raise the sensitivity to 86.5% (95% confidence interval 80.6%-91.2%). In the validation cohort, qSOFA_PCT greatly improved the sensitivity to 90.9%.A simple modification of qSOFA score by adding the ordinal scale of PCT value to qSOFA could greatly improve the suboptimal sensitivity problem of qSOFA and may serve as a quick screening tool for early identification of sepsis.


Assuntos
Escores de Disfunção Orgânica , Pró-Calcitonina/sangue , Medição de Risco/métodos , Sepse/mortalidade , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sepse/sangue
18.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(22): e15835, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31145326

RESUMO

There is ongoing controversy about how to address the growing demand for intensive care for critically ill elderly patients. We investigated resource utilization patterns and mortality rates according to age among critically ill patients.We retrospectively analyzed the medical records of patients admitted to a medical intensive care unit (ICU) in a tertiary referral teaching hospital between July 2006 and June 2015. Patients were categorized into non-elderly (age <65 years, n = 4140), young-elderly (age 65-74 years, n = 2306), and old-elderly (age ≥75 years, n = 1508) groups.Among 7954 admissions, the mean age was 61.5 years, and 5061 (63.6%) were of male patients. The proportion of comorbidities increased with age (64.6% in the non-elderly vs 81.4% in the young-elderly vs 82.8% in the old-elderly, P < .001 and P for trend <.001), whereas the baseline Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score decreased with age (8.1 in the non-elderly vs 7.2 in the young-elderly vs 7.2 in the old-elderly, P < .001, R = -.092 and P for trend <.001). Utilization rates of mechanical ventilation (48.6% in the non-elderly vs 48.3% in the young-elderly vs 45.5% in the old-elderly, P = .11) and renal replacement therapy (27.5% in the non-elderly vs 25.5% in the young-elderly vs 24.8% in the old-elderly, P = .069) were comparable between the age groups. The 28-day ICU mortality rates were lower in the young-elderly and the old-elderly groups than in the non-elderly group (35.6% in the non-elderly vs 34.2% in the young-elderly, P = .011; and vs 32.6% in the old-elderly, P = .002).A substantial number of critically ill elderly patients used medical resources as non-elderly patients and showed favorable clinical outcomes. Our results support that underlying medical conditions rather than age per se need to be considered for determining intensive care.


Assuntos
Estado Terminal/terapia , Recursos em Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Comorbidade , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar/tendências , Hospitais de Ensino/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Escores de Disfunção Orgânica , Terapia de Substituição Renal/estatística & dados numéricos , República da Coreia , Respiração Artificial/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos
19.
Braz J Infect Dis ; 23(2): 79-85, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31112675

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the kinetics of cytokines belonging to the T helper1 (Th1), Th2, and Th17 profiles in septic patients, and their correlations with organ dysfunction and hospital mortality. METHODS: This was a prospective observational study in a cohort of septic patients admitted to the intensive care units (ICU) of three Brazilian general hospitals. A total of 104 septic patients and 53 health volunteers (controls) were included. Plasma samples were collected within the first 48h of organ dysfunction or septic shock (0D), after seven (D7) and 14 days (D14) of follow-up. The following cytokines were measured by flow cytometry: Interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß), IL-2, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12/23p40, IL-17, IL-21, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF), granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF). RESULTS: IL-6, IL-8, G-CSF and IL-10 concentrations were higher in septic patients than in controls (p<0.001), while IL-12/23p40 presented higher levels in the controls (p=0.003). IL-6, IL-8 and IL-17 correlated with Sequential [Sepsis-related] Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) D0, D1 and D3 (except for IL-6 at D0). IL-8 was associated with renal and cardiovascular dysfunction. In a mixed model analysis, IL-10 estimated means were lower in survivors than in deceased (p=0.014), while IL-21 had an estimated mean of 195.8pg/mL for survivors and 98.5 for deceased (p=0.03). Cytokines were grouped in four factors according to their kinetics over the three dosages (D0, D7, D14). Group 1 encompassed IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-1ß, and G-CSF while Group 3 encompassed IL-17 and IL-12/23p40. Both correlated with SOFA (D0) (p=0.039 and p=0.003, respectively). IL-21 (Group 4) was higher in those who survived. IL-2, TNF-α and GM-CSF (Group 2) showed no correlation with outcomes. CONCLUSION: Inflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines shared co-variance in septic patients and were related to organ dysfunctions and hospital mortality.


Assuntos
Citocinas/sangue , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Sepse/sangue , Sepse/mortalidade , Células Th1/química , Células Th17/química , Células Th2/química , Idoso , Brasil/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Escores de Disfunção Orgânica , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Valores de Referência , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Fatores de Tempo
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