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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(36): e21622, 2020 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32898997

RESUMO

The objective of the study was to characterize self-reported oral hygiene practices among Mexican older adults aged ≥60 years, and to measure the association between frequency of tooth brushing and a set of sociodemographic, socioeconomic, and dental variables.We conducted a cross-sectional study of 139 older adults aged ≥60 years in Pachuca, Mexico. A questionnaire and a clinical dental examination were administered to identify specific variables. We determined frequency of tooth brushing (or cleaning of dentures or prostheses) and use of toothpaste, mouthwash, and dental floss among respondents. Non-parametric testing was performed for statistical analysis and a multivariate logistic regression model was generated with Stata 11 software to determine frequency of tooth brushing.In our study sample, 53.2% of participants reported brushing their teeth at least once a day, 50.4% always using toothpaste, 16.5% using mouthwash and 3.6% using floss for their oral hygiene. In general, younger and female respondents used oral hygiene aids more than the others. Our multivariate model yielded an association (P < .05) between tooth brushing at least once daily and the following variables: having functional dentition (OR = 12.60), lacking health insurance (OR = 3.72), being retired/pensioned (OR = 4.50), and suffering from a chronic disease (OR = 0.43).The older adults in our sample exhibited deficient oral hygiene behaviors. The results suggest certain socioeconomic inequalities in oral health. The findings of this study should be considered when designing dental care instructions for older adults.


Assuntos
Escovação Dentária/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos Transversais , Dispositivos para o Cuidado Bucal Domiciliar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , México/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Antissépticos Bucais/administração & dosagem , Autorrelato , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Cremes Dentais/administração & dosagem
2.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 40(3): 90-94, sept. 2020. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1128958

RESUMO

Las afecciones bucodentales constituyen un problema de salud pública por su alta prevalencia y su fuerte impacto individual y colectivo en términos de dolor, malestar y discapacidad social y funcional. El Centro de Medicina Familiar y Comunitaria San Pantaleón, ubicado en la provincia de Buenos Aires, brinda asistencia sanitaria gratuita a la comunidad. Un relevamiento documentó que el 97% de los concurrentes presentaba caries y no se lavaban los dientes por falta de cepillo y pasta dental. Se decidió llevar adelante un programa de promoción de la salud bucodental. El objetivo fue evaluar su implementación; que incluyó: a) rastreo de caries y problemas odontológicos; b) coordinación interinstitucional; c) entrega de cepillos y pasta dental; d) intervención educativa; e) extensión comunitaria. Participaron en forma irregular 120 niñas, niños y adolescentes entre 5 y 18 años del Centro de Apoyo Escolar Fundación Bajo Boulogne. Se realizaron dos encuentros educativos y entrega de cepillos y pasta dental. En la revisión odontológica inicial sobre 60 participantes se detectaron caries en 43 (71,6%), que fueron derivados para tratamiento odontológico, pero concurrieron solo 26 (60,4%). El conocimiento sobre salud bucodental mostró cambios entre los más pequeños luego de las intervenciones educativas. Se logró implementar el programa, cumplimentando las actividades propuestas. Pero surgieron barreras que dificultaron la cobertura. En cuanto a la eficacia de la intervención educativa, no se logró mostrar cambios en el conocimiento. Se consiguió la detección oportuna, la incorporación de hábitos como el cepillado dentro de la institución educativa, la articulación para mejorar el acceso a la atención y la vinculación entre los diferentes actores comunitarios. (AU)


Oral disorders are a public health problem due to their high prevalence and their strong individual and collective impact in terms of pain, discomfort, and social and functional disability. The San Pantaleón Family and Community Medicine Center, located in the province of Buenos Aires, provides free healthcare to the community. A survey documented that 97% of those present had cavities and did not brush their teeth due to a lack of brush and toothpaste. It was decided to carry out an oral health promotion program. The objective was to evaluate its implementation; which included: a) tracking of caries and dental problems; b) inter-institutional coordination; c) delivery of brushes and toothpaste; d) educational intervention; e) community extension. 120 girls and boys and adolescents between 5 and 18 years of age from the Bajo Boulogne Foundation School Support Center irregularly participated. Two educational meetings were held, handing out brushes and toothpaste. In the initial dental review of 60 participants, caries was detected in 43 (71.6%), who were referred for dental treatment, with only 26 (60.4%) concurring. Oral health knowledge showed changes among the youngest after educational interventions. It was possible to implement the program, completing the proposed activities. Barriers arose that made coverage difficult. Regarding the effectiveness of the educational intervention, it was not possible to show changes in knowledge. Timely detection was achieved, the incorporation of habits such as brushing within the educational institution, articulation to improve access to care and the link between the different community actors. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Adolescente , Saúde Bucal/educação , Educação em Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Higiene Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Argentina , Serviços de Saúde Escolar/estatística & dados numéricos , Escovação Dentária/estatística & dados numéricos , Saúde Bucal/tendências , Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Saúde Pública/estatística & dados numéricos , Educação em Saúde Bucal/métodos , Educação em Saúde Bucal/tendências , Odontologia Comunitária/educação , Odontologia Comunitária/estatística & dados numéricos , Cárie Dentária/diagnóstico , Cárie Dentária/prevenção & controle , Cooperação e Adesão ao Tratamento , Doenças da Boca/prevenção & controle
3.
An. sist. sanit. Navar ; 43(2): 217-223, mayo-ago. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-199153

RESUMO

Las patologías orales, además de muy prevalentes, tienen un impacto sistémico que puede prevenirse eliminando regularmente el biofilm dental. Este estudio transversal de base poblacional analizó los hábitos de higiene oral referidos por 3.289 adultos mediante encuestas comunitarias en las cuatro capitales de Galicia entre marzo de 2015 y junio de 2016. Se registró sexo, nivel de alerta periodontal, nivel de estudios, hábito tabáquico, régimen de visitas odontológicas y nivel de higiene oral según el uso de elementos de higiene oral y su frecuencia de uso. La higiene oral se limitó al cepillado dental al menos una vez al día en el 86% de los encuestados, siendo minoritaria la higiene interdental regular. Las variables asociadas a buenos hábitos fueron la alerta periodontal, las visitas odontológicas frecuentes, ser mujer, y alto nivel educativo. Los autocuidados orales son inadecuados, especialmente en higiene interdental, lo que justifica la necesidad de intervenciones educativas de ámbito comunitario


Oral pathologies, in addition to being highly prevalent, have a systemic impact that can be prevented by regularly eliminating the dental biofilm. This population-based, cross-sectional study analysed the oral hygiene habits of 3,289 adults through community surveys in the four provincial capitals of Galicia between March 2015 and June 2016. Sex, level of periodontal awareness, education, tobacco habit, frequency of visits to the dentist and level of oral hygiene were registered according to the use of oral hygiene products and the frequency of their use. Oral hygiene was limited to brushing their teeth once a day in 86% of those surveyed, while regular interdental hygiene was a minority practice. The variables associated with good habits were periodontal awareness, frequent visits to the dentist, being a woman and a high educational level. Oral self-care is insufficient, especially in interdental hygiene, which justifies the need for educational interventions in the community


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Hábitos , Higiene Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Escovação Dentária/estatística & dados numéricos , Dispositivos para o Cuidado Bucal Domiciliar/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Populacionais em Saúde Pública , Estudos Transversais , Inquéritos de Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Escolaridade
4.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 56(3)2020 Mar 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32131417

RESUMO

Background and Objectives: Early detection of dental caries lesions at active stages of development can facilitate their monitoring and reduce needs for restorative dental care. This study aimed to describe the prevalence and caries treatment needs in first permanent molars of pre-school children, based on a caries lesion activity assessment, and in relation to participants' ages, dental plaque levels and toothbrushing habits. Materials and Methods: Large cross-sectional dental caries survey using multistage cluster sampling was conducted among Lithuanian 4-6-year-old children attending kindergartens. For the present study purpose, all individuals presenting erupted permanent molars were selected. Thus, only 5-6-year-olds (n = 453) took part in this study. They were examined for caries by one calibrated examiner using Nyvad clinical diagnostic criteria that differentiate between active and inactive caries lesions. Dental plaque was assessed by the Silness-Löe index, and parents' reports about toothbrushing frequency were collected. Results: Overall, 41% of permanent molars were affected by caries; 6-year-olds had more caries lesions than 5-year-olds (p <0.05). Mean number of decayed and filled surfaces (DF-S) of all participants was 1.79 (SD 2.93), half of lesions were noncavitated, more than one-third were cavitated and fillings comprised less than one surface per child. Majority of lesions were active; prevalence of inactive lesions (all noncavitated) was 1% and 6% in 5- and 6-year-olds, respectively. Prevalence of active lesions increased with age; it correlated with plaque levels and with toothbrushing frequency (<0.001). Likelihood to detect active lesions was up to nine times higher in teeth with abundant plaque (odds ratio (OR) 8.73; confidence interval (CI) 5.35-14.25), and up to seven times higher in individuals brushing teeth irregularly (OR 6.88; CI 2.21-21.41). Conclusions: The obtained data indicate high treatment needs in the erupted permanent molars of the Lithuanian pre-school population and imply that caries management should primarily focus on improved biofilm removal, accompanied with regular use of fluoridated toothpaste.


Assuntos
Assistência Odontológica para Crianças/estatística & dados numéricos , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Cárie Dentária/terapia , Determinação de Necessidades de Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Índice CPO , Feminino , Humanos , Lituânia/epidemiologia , Masculino , Dente Molar , Razão de Chances , Prevalência , Escovação Dentária/estatística & dados numéricos
5.
BMC Res Notes ; 13(1): 112, 2020 Feb 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32103773

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the relative amounts of Streptococcus mutans (SM) and lactobacilli (LBs) and their relationship with dental caries among a Yemeni adult population. RESULTS: A positive correlation appeared between SM and LB counts from saliva and caries tissue samples and the decayed, missing and filled teeth (DMFT) score (p < 0.05). There was a significant correlation between SM and LBs in caries tissue (p < 0.05). However, there was no significant difference between SM and LBs isolated from saliva samples (p > 0.05). The number of SM and LBs in subjects with active caries was significantly higher than that in those without active caries (p < 0.05). There was no significant difference between the daily habits and SM and LB or DMFT scores (p > 0.05), except for a significant difference between brushing frequency and DMFT score (p < 0.05).


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária/diagnóstico , Lactobacillus/isolamento & purificação , Saliva/microbiologia , Streptococcus mutans/isolamento & purificação , Índice CPO , Cárie Dentária/microbiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Lactobacillus/fisiologia , Masculino , Streptococcus mutans/fisiologia , Escovação Dentária/métodos , Escovação Dentária/normas , Escovação Dentária/estatística & dados numéricos , Iêmen , Adulto Jovem
6.
Psychol Health ; 35(4): 449-466, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31621423

RESUMO

Objective: Based on the Health Action Process Approach, we tested the efficacy of a theory-based program using an online social media platform (Telegram) to promote good oral hygiene behaviour among Iranian adolescents.Design: A three-arm randomized-controlled trial design was used, consisting of an adolescent only intervention group (A group; n = 253), an adolescent and mother intervention group (A + M group; n = 260), and a control group (n = 278).Main outcome measures: Psychosocial variables, toothbrushing behaviour, Visual Plaque Index, and Community Periodontal Index.Results: Increases in adolescent toothbrushing at the one- and six-month follow-ups in both intervention groups compared to the control group were observed. Adolescents in the A + M group showed significant greater improvements in their toothbrushing behaviour, Visual Plaque Index, and Community Periodontal Index scores than adolescents in the A group. Improvements to toothbrushing social cognitions were also observed.Conclusions: Current results support the use of the theory-based program delivered by Telegram in improving good oral hygiene behaviour and oral health outcomes among Iranian adolescents. Involving mothers in an intervention can confer additional benefits for adolescent oral health.


Assuntos
Promoção da Saúde/métodos , Saúde Bucal , Teoria Psicológica , Mídias Sociais , Escovação Dentária/psicologia , Adolescente , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Irã (Geográfico) , Masculino , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Escovação Dentária/estatística & dados numéricos
7.
Med Sci Monit ; 25: 9712-9720, 2019 Dec 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31852008

RESUMO

BACKGROUND The interplay between obesity and periodontitis has been widely examined. While obesity was reported as a risk factor for periodontitis, the inverse relationship is still little explored. Therefore, we aimed to determine whether periodontitis and toothbrushing frequency affect the onset of obesity. MATERIAL AND METHODS This cohort study included 1619 employees of a business enterprise headquartered in Tokyo, who in 2002 and 2006 underwent in prescribed annual health checks, both general and dental-specific, and who were not obese in 2002 (body mass index <25). The response variable was obesity (or absence) at 4 years, while the explanatory variables were presence/absence of periodontal pockets and toothbrushing frequency in 2002; their relationships were examined by multiple logistic regression analysis. RESULTS Subjects with periodontal pockets ≥4 mm showed a significantly higher odds ratio (OR) for onset of obesity at 4 years than those without periodontal pockets [OR: 1.59, 95% CI (confidence interval): 1.08-2.35, p<0.05]. Similarly, subjects who brushed their teeth ≥3 times/day had a significantly lower obesity OR than those who brushed ≤1 time/day (OR: 0.49, 95% CI: 0.28-0.85, p<0.01). CONCLUSIONS The presence of periodontal pockets and toothbrushing frequency are significantly associated with the onset of obesity. Periodontal pockets ≥4 mm are associated with increased risk of obesity, while frequent toothbrushing (≥3 times/day) appears to reduce the risk of obesity.


Assuntos
Obesidade/epidemiologia , Periodontite/epidemiologia , Escovação Dentária/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/complicações , Bolsa Periodontal/complicações , Bolsa Periodontal/epidemiologia , Periodontite/complicações , Adulto Jovem
8.
BMC Oral Health ; 19(1): 258, 2019 11 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31766996

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is defined as childhood neurobehavioural disorder. Due to short attention span, oral hygiene and dental treatment of such individuals can be challenging. Aim of this study was to evaluate the oral health of children and adolescents with and without ADHD living in residential care in rural Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. METHODS: Included in the study were 79 participants (male/female:58/21, age 9-15 years) living in residential care: 34 participants with ADHD and 45 participants without ADHD (control). Oral examination included the following parameters decayed, missing, filled teeth in the primary dentition (dmft), decayed, missing, filled surfaces/teeth in the secondary dentition (DMFS/DMFT), approximal plaque index (API), bruxism and orthodontic treatment. Additionally, oral hygiene, last dental visit and treatment performed, and dietary habits were assessed by questionnaire. RESULTS: There were no significant differences in dmft, API, bruxism and oral hygiene habits between groups. However, participants with ADHD tended to have higher DMFS/DMFT values than the control group. Ongoing orthodontic treatment was found more often in the control group. The ADHD group tended to consume acidic/sugary beverages and sweet snacks more often than the controls. Different treatments (control visit/prophylaxis, dental therapy, orthodontic treatment) were performed at the last dental visit in the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: Within the limitations of this study, oral health was similar in children and adolescents with or without ADHD from the same residential care setting. Parents/guardians need instructions for better supervision of oral hygiene and dietary habits to improve the poor oral health of children with or without ADHD.


Assuntos
Transtorno do Deficit de Atenção com Hiperatividade/complicações , Cárie Dentária/complicações , Saúde Bucal , Higiene Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Transtorno do Deficit de Atenção com Hiperatividade/epidemiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Índice CPO , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Índice de Placa Dentária , Comportamento Alimentar , Feminino , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Instituições Residenciais , População Rural , Escovação Dentária/estatística & dados numéricos
9.
Pan Afr Med J ; 33: 272, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31692856

RESUMO

Introduction: Prevalence of dentine hypersensitivity (DH) may be on the increase as a result of changing lifestyles. This study aimed to assess the prevalence of DH and relative importance of associated factors in 18-35 year old Nigerians and compare to findings from a similar European study. Methods: Following ethical approval, 1349 subjects from the six geopolitical zones in Nigeria participated in this cross sectional study. DH was clinically evaluated by cold air tooth stimulation, patient pain rating (yes/no) and investigator rated pain using the Schiff ordinal scale (0-3). Erosive tooth wear using the BEWE index was assessed. A questionnaire regarding the nature of the DH, erosive dietary intakes, tooth brushing habits and other factors was completed by patients. Bivariate analysis was conducted. Results: 32.8% of patients reported pain on tooth stimulation and 32.9% scored ≥1 on Schiff scale for at least one tooth. Questionnaire reported sensitivity was 41.2%. There were statistically significant associations between Schiff score and clinically elicited DH (p < 0.001); and BEWE erosive tooth wear score and clinically elicited DH (p < 0.001). There were significant associations between DH and some oral hygiene practices such as brushing frequency, brush movement and brushing after breakfast. Fresh fruit and fruit/vegetable juice intake also showed significant association. Conclusion: The most important risk factors of DH for this population in Nigeria appear to be the frequency and characteristics of tooth brushing. This should be considered in its prevention and management.


Assuntos
Sensibilidade da Dentina/epidemiologia , Higiene Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Desgaste dos Dentes/epidemiologia , Escovação Dentária/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Comportamento Alimentar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Nigéria/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
10.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 24(11): 4083-4092, nov. 2019. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039504

RESUMO

Resumo Este estudo investigou a mediação da autoestima nos comportamentos de saúde bucal dos adolescentes. Para avaliar a autoestima usou-se a escala de Rosenberg, já as características sociodemográficas e comportamentais foram analisadas por questões validadas em outros inquéritos. Com exceção da alimentação, a maior proporção dos adolescentes possuía bons comportamentos de saúde bucal. O número de adolescentes com alto nível de autoestima foi relevantemente menor que aqueles com baixa autoestima. A utilização dos serviços odontológicos, embora associado ao alto nível de autoestima, perdeu significância após ajustado pelo sexo, idade e escovação dos dentes. Porém, a análise de regressão logística múltipla, através das estimativas não-ajustadas e ajustadas com seus respectivos Intervalos de Confiança de 95%, evidenciou associação da autoestima com idade (p-valor=0,001) e frequência de escovação (p-valor=0,019). Independente do sexo, escolares maiores de 16 anos e com autoestima elevada, escovam seus dentes com maior frequência, adquirindo, possivelmente, melhor saúde bucal. Isto confirma a modulação da autoestima sobre os comportamentos de saúde bucal, e atesta a necessidade de implementar a análise e o exercício desse fator psicossocial na assistência à saúde bucal dos jovens.


Abstract This study investigated the mediation of self-esteem in adolescents' oral health behaviors. The Rosenberg self-esteem scale was used to assess self-esteem, whereas data from socio-demographic and behavior characteristics were analyzed by questions validated in previous surveys. The teenagers had good oral health behavior, except unhealthy diet. The number of adolescents with high self-esteem was a lot smaller than those with low self-esteem. The use of dental services, even when associated with high self-esteem, lost significance after being adjusted by sex, age and tooth brushing frequency. Nevertheless, multiple logistic regression analysis, using unadjusted estimates and adjusted with their respective Confidence Intervals of 95%, showed a relationship of self-esteem with age (p-value=0.001) and tooth brushing frequency (p-value=0.019). Regardless of the sex, students over 16 years old with high self-esteem brush their teeth more often, having probably better oral health. These results confirm the modulation of self-esteem in oral health, and then it is necessary the analysis and the use of these psychosocial factors in the young oral health care.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Autoimagem , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Escovação Dentária/estatística & dados numéricos , Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudantes/psicologia , Escovação Dentária/psicologia , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Estudos Transversais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Fatores Etários , Assistência Odontológica/estatística & dados numéricos , Dieta/estatística & dados numéricos
11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31623067

RESUMO

This study aimed to determine the association between the number of existing teeth (NET) and socioeconomic status (SES), oral health-related behaviours, and metabolic syndrome in Korean adults aged 55-79 years. The study included 3255 adults who underwent oral health examinations and answered questionnaires regarding SES, oral health-related behaviours, and metabolic diseases in the Sixth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2013-2015). The dependent variable was the binary status based on the median NET in each age group. The independent variables were based on SES, oral health-related behaviours, and the presence of metabolic syndrome. The study findings showed that the factors associated with the NET were sex, household income, education level, region of residence, daily toothbrushing frequency, dental visit within 1 year, smoking, and metabolic syndrome. NET was lower in males (adjusted OR: 0.74), in low household income group (adjusted OR: 0.77), in primary school graduates (adjusted OR: 0.53), in rural residents (adjusted OR: 0.78), and in medicaid beneficiaries (adjusted OR: 0.78). The interventions aimed at preserving existing teeth in elderly population should consider their SES, oral health-related behaviours, and metabolic syndrome and overhauling current oral healthcare system and redefining the roles of oral health professionals.


Assuntos
Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Síndrome Metabólica/epidemiologia , Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Perda de Dente/epidemiologia , Escovação Dentária/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Classe Social , Inquéritos e Questionários
12.
Cien Saude Colet ; 24(11): 4083-4092, 2019.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31664381

RESUMO

This study investigated the mediation of self-esteem in adolescents' oral health behaviors. The Rosenberg self-esteem scale was used to assess self-esteem, whereas data from socio-demographic and behavior characteristics were analyzed by questions validated in previous surveys. The teenagers had good oral health behavior, except unhealthy diet. The number of adolescents with high self-esteem was a lot smaller than those with low self-esteem. The use of dental services, even when associated with high self-esteem, lost significance after being adjusted by sex, age and tooth brushing frequency. Nevertheless, multiple logistic regression analysis, using unadjusted estimates and adjusted with their respective Confidence Intervals of 95%, showed a relationship of self-esteem with age (p-value=0.001) and tooth brushing frequency (p-value=0.019). Regardless of the sex, students over 16 years old with high self-esteem brush their teeth more often, having probably better oral health. These results confirm the modulation of self-esteem in oral health, and then it is necessary the analysis and the use of these psychosocial factors in the young oral health care.


Assuntos
Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Autoimagem , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Escovação Dentária/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Fatores Etários , Estudos Transversais , Assistência Odontológica/estatística & dados numéricos , Dieta/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Estudantes/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Escovação Dentária/psicologia , Adulto Jovem
13.
Community Dent Oral Epidemiol ; 47(5): 398-406, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31273824

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The "failure of success" theory predicts that as subsequent generations of older adults retain more teeth, those additional teeth will experience more oral disease like root surface caries. The theory in relation to root surface caries has never been tested in a cross-generational study. This study aims to compare root surface caries across generations of South Australian older adults to test the theory and explore risk indicators for root surface caries. METHODS: Data were from the baseline of two South Australian studies separated by 22 years. In both studies, stratified random samples of people aged 60+ years from Adelaide and Mount Gambier were recruited. Dental examinations were performed by trained and calibrated dentists. One of the dental examiners from the earlier study was the gold standard examiner in the second study. Risk indicators included behavioural factors, clinical oral conditions, sociodemographic and socioeconomic status. Root surface caries was assessed as untreated root surface caries (root decayed surfaces [RDS]), treated root surface caries (root filled surfaces [RFS]) and treated or untreated root surface caries (root decayed and filled surfaces [RDFS]) and was presented as the prevalence and summed count. Multivariable models for Poisson and negative binomial distributions were used to estimate prevalence ratios (PR) and mean ratios (MR), respectively, and their 95% confidence intervals (95% CI). RESULTS: The current generation of South Australian older adults has significantly lower RDS (PR [95% CI] = 0.65 [0.47-0.89]; MR [95% CI] = 0.51 [0.35-0.73]) and RDFS (PR [95% CI] = 0.84 [0.71-0.99]; MR [95% CI] = 0.76 [0.65-0.90]) than the previous generation. The RFS in the previous and current generation was similar. Gingival recession, irregular brushing, dental visiting for a problem and smoking were the indicators for RDS, while age, gingival recession, tooth brushing frequency, time since last dental visit and reason of visiting were the indicators for RFS or RDFS. CONCLUSIONS: These results do not support the "failure of success" theory in relation to root surface caries among South Australian older adults. Despite the higher number of teeth retained, the current generation of older adults has less root surface caries than the previous generation. Behavioural factors remain the indicators of root surface caries across the generations.


Assuntos
Cárie Radicular , Idoso , Austrália/epidemiologia , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Cárie Radicular/epidemiologia , Escovação Dentária/estatística & dados numéricos
14.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 8498, 2019 06 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31186432

RESUMO

Non-communicable Disease (NCD) related behavioral risk factors (BRF) plays a crucial role in NCD prevention, as does oral hygiene behavior in oral health promotion. We examined the association between NCD BRF and toothbrushing using data from a population-based survey, which recruited 4485 adults aged 18+ years, in Chongqing city, China. Prevalence of five NDC BRF and their clustering within individual were determined by toothbrushing frequency. Ordinal logistic regression examined the association between toothbrushing and BRF clustering. Prevalence of current smoking, insufficient intake of vegetable and fruit, and harmful use of alcohol increased significantly with toothbrushing frequency. Respondents who brushed teeth ≥2 times daily consumed more red meat than those with less frequent toothbrushing. Relative to those with no BRF, the adjusted cumulative odds ratio of brushing teeth less frequently was 2.1 (95% CI: 1.4-3.1) for respondents with 3+ BRF. The adjusted cumulative odds ratio was 1.5 (1.1-2.1) and 1.4 (1.0-1.8) for those who had two BRF and those who had one, respectively. Significant correlation between toothbrushing and NCD BRF implied that integrated intervention strategy involving the both may be beneficial in public health programs targeting at either oral health or NCDs, or both.


Assuntos
Comportamento , Doenças não Transmissíveis/epidemiologia , Escovação Dentária/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários
15.
Clin Exp Dent Res ; 5(3): 284-293, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31249710

RESUMO

Background: Many studies have indicated that the excessive use of computers (more than 3 hr/d) might be associated with an unhealthy life-style. Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between excessive computer use with the condition of the teeth and periodontium and the oral health behaviour of 18-year-olds. Design: Cross-sectional studies, using a questionnaire, were carried out on 1,611 18-year-olds from Poland. The questionnaire contained questions about socioeconomic status and information about health-related behaviour. The condition of their teeth and gingivae were clinically assessed. Results: Excessive (>3 h/d) computer use was reported by 492 (31%) of participants, who had an increased frequency of unfilled cavities (1.97 vs. 2.27, p = .047) and a higher risk of oral hygiene neglect (e.g., using dental floss 41% vs. 34%, p = .009). Excessive computer use was also seen to be associated with poor dietary habits. Individuals who declared excessive computer use also had a higher risk of gingival bleeding (35% vs. 29%, p = .009). Conclusion: In the group studied, excessive computer use by adolescents constituted a risk factor for neglect of oral hygiene, poor dietary choices, and failure to benefit from oral health care. Therefore, these aspects should be included in the risk assessment of oral disease and incorporated into educational programs that promote a healthy lifestyle.


Assuntos
Computadores/estatística & dados numéricos , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Dieta/estatística & dados numéricos , Comportamentos de Risco à Saúde , Higiene Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Bebidas Adoçadas Artificialmente , Estudos Transversais , Índice CPO , Assistência Odontológica , Dispositivos para o Cuidado Bucal Domiciliar , Feminino , Frutas , Bolsa Gengival/epidemiologia , Humanos , Internet/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Saúde Bucal , Índice Periodontal , Polônia/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Lanches , Classe Social , Bebidas Adoçadas com Açúcar , Fatores de Tempo , Escovação Dentária/estatística & dados numéricos , Verduras , Jogos de Vídeo/estatística & dados numéricos
16.
BMC Oral Health ; 19(1): 68, 2019 04 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31035974

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Many countries offer systematic group prevention programs in kindergarten and school in order to promote children's oral health. Little is known, however, about the actual toothbrushing abilities of children when group prevention programs end. METHODS: In Germany, all children take advantage from a nationwide group prevention program (called "Gruppenprophylaxe") lasting from kindergarten up to sixth grade (12 years of age). Standardized recommendations are given concerning brushing systematics and brushing movements. N = 174 children at the age of 12 were thus randomly selected from two German towns and were asked to perform toothbrushing to the best of their abilities in front of a mirror which also served as a camera. Brushing behavior was analyzed by video analysis. RESULTS: Children brushed their teeth for an average of 200 s ± 80.48 s (mean ± SD). Still, more than 55% missed at least one sextant when brushing inner surfaces, 16% missed them all. Only 7.5% of the children brushed both inner and outer surfaces by the intended movements (vertical movements on the inner surfaces and circular movements on the outer surfaces) for at least 90% of the respective brushing time. Instead, horizontal brushing was very common on the lateral surfaces. CONCLUSIONS: The present analysis indicates that children have low efficiency to adopt the tooth-brushing recommendations given in prevention programs. This is surprising as great endeavors are made to help children internalize the recommendations. Future research is needed to better understand which factors impede adoption of toothbrushing recommendations in children and which efforts are necessary to improve their toothbrushing abilities.


Assuntos
Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Escovação Dentária/estatística & dados numéricos , Criança , Alemanha , Humanos
17.
Braz Oral Res ; 33: e036, 2019 May 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31141035

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to determine the occurrence of gingivitis and calculus and their predictors in a population of adults in Brazil. A representative sample of 758 adults from 35 to 59 years of age from Porto Alegre city was examined. A structured questionnaire was applied. The Gingival Bleeding Index and the presence of calculus were measured at 4 sites/tooth. Multivariable logistic models were fitted to determine the predictors for gingival bleeding at >20% of sites. Overall, 96.5% (95% confidence interval [CI]=95.1-98.0) of individuals had ≥ 1 bleeding site. The mean percentages of sites with gingivitis and calculus were 26.1% and 44.6%, respectively. The odds of gingivitis decreased by ∼45% for individuals ≥40 years old compared to younger adults. Individuals that never performed interproximal cleaning and non-whites had an approximately two times higher chance of gingivitis. Smokers had lower chances of gingivitis than never-smokers (odds ratio=0.40; 95% CI=0.24-0.68). Higher numbers of missing teeth were associated with higher chances of gingivitis. The percentage of calculus was significantly associated with skin color, education, proximal cleaning, smoking exposure, dental visits, and tooth loss. It can be concluded that the occurrence of gingivitis and calculus was high in this Brazilian population, and it was associated with age, skin color, education, self-reported proximal cleaning, smoking, dental care, and tooth loss.


Assuntos
Cálculos Dentários/epidemiologia , Cálculos Dentários/etiologia , Gengivite/epidemiologia , Gengivite/etiologia , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Hemorragia Gengival/epidemiologia , Humanos , Modelos Lineares , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Índice Periodontal , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Distribuição por Sexo , Fumar/efeitos adversos , Fumar/epidemiologia , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Escovação Dentária/estatística & dados numéricos
18.
Oral Health Prev Dent ; 17(2): 139-146, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30968069

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess caries prevalence and periodontal condition in adolescents in Poland and investigate the factors related to oral health. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A national survey was carried out among 615 15-year-olds of both sexes living in urban and rural areas. Subjects were selected via cluster sampling. The mean DMFT and its components, the tooth distribution pattern of caries and percentage of subjects with gingival bleeding and gingival pockets were analysed. The information regarding sociodemographic, oral hygiene and nutritional variables was collected via questionnaire to evaluate their relationships with caries and periodontal parameters. The t-test, bivariate and multivariate logistic analyses were conducted to evaluate the differences and dependent variables of caries prevalence and gingivitis. RESULTS: Caries prevalence was 94.0%, and DMFT was 5.75 ± 3.74. Higher DMFT, DT and MT values were found in rural areas. 50% of the subjects carried about 75% of the total caries burden. Severe caries (DMFT ≥7) was associated with toothbrushing less than twice a day, not using a fluoridated dentifrice, frequent consumption of snacks and absence of pit-and-fissure sealants. The prevalence of gingival bleeding was 37.4% and shallow pockets 2.8%, which were higher in males and rural areas. Gingival bleeding was associated with toothbrushing less than a twice a day, not using dental floss and consumption of fresh fruits and vegetables less than once a week. CONCLUSION: The prevalence of oral diseases in Poland is very high. Additional strategies must be implemented to promote oral health early on to improve oral hygiene practices and nutritional habits.


Assuntos
Índice CPO , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Bolsa Gengival/epidemiologia , Índice Periodontal , Escovação Dentária/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Cariostáticos/uso terapêutico , Dieta , Feminino , Fluoretos/uso terapêutico , Frutas , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Bucal , Higiene Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Polônia/epidemiologia , Prevalência , População Rural , Distribuição por Sexo , Cremes Dentais/uso terapêutico , Verduras
19.
Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop ; 155(4): 462-472, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30935601

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The objective of this 2-arm parallel trial was to determine the plaque removal efficacy (main outcome) and the motivation assessment (secondary outcome) comparing a manual versus an interactive power toothbrush in orthodontic patients. METHODS: Sixty adolescents with fixed orthodontic appliances in both arches were randomized in a 1:1 ratio in this parallel, randomized, examiner-blind controlled clinical trial. Eligibility criteria included at least 16 natural teeth, 1-6 "focus care areas," plaque score of ≥1.75, no severe caries, gingivitis and periodontitis, no dental prophylaxis, no smoking, no antibiotics, and no chlorhexidine mouth rinse. Subjects were to brush unsupervised with either an interactive power toothbrush (Oral-B Professional Care 6000, D36/EB20) with Bluetooth technology or a regular manual toothbrush (Oral-B Indicator 35 soft). Focus care areas were each brushed for 10 additional seconds. Plaque removal was assessed with the use of the Turesky Modification of the Quigley-Hein Plaque Index (TMQHPI) to determine change from baseline at 2 and 6 weeks. Supervised brushing at screening and post-treatment visits recorded actual brushing times. Subject-reported motivational aspects were recorded at screening and week 6. RESULTS: Fifty-nine subjects aged 13-17 years completed the study. The interactive power toothbrush provided significantly (P <0.001) greater plaque reduction versus the manual toothbrush at 2 and 6 weeks according to the whole-mouth TMQHPI. The treatment difference in adjusted mean plaque change from baseline was 0.777 (95% CI 0.614-0.940) at week 2 and 0.834 (0.686-0.981) at week 6. Mean reductions in the number of focus care areas were also significantly greater (P <0.001) in the power brush group at weeks 2 and 6. Brushing times increased significantly at weeks 2 and 6 (P ≤0.013) versus baseline in the interactive power brush group only. Subject-reported motivation was significantly increased in the interactive power brush group at week 6 versus screening (P ≤0.005). CONCLUSIONS: An interactive power toothbrush generated increased brushing times and significantly greater plaque removal versus a manual brush.


Assuntos
Placa Dentária/prevenção & controle , Motivação , Aparelhos Ortodônticos Fixos , Escovação Dentária/instrumentação , Adolescente , Índice de Placa Dentária , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Método Simples-Cego , Escovação Dentária/psicologia , Escovação Dentária/estatística & dados numéricos
20.
Indian J Dent Res ; 30(1): 87-93, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30900663

RESUMO

Background: The purpose of the study was to gain integrative knowledge on oral hygiene behaviors and daily habits affecting caries experience among rural people in India and Dominican Republic (DR). Materials and Methods: Participants were recruited in two countries: La Esquina community, Province Maria Trinidad Sanchez in DR and in Ramgarh, district Chhindwara in the state of Madhya Pradesh in India. A total of 104 participants (18-80 years) were in the DR sample while 202 participants (18-85 years) were in the Indian sample. Face-to-face interviews collected information on oral hygiene behaviors, daily habits, and dental care. The caries experience was quantified using decayed, missing, and filled teeth (DMFT) index. Results: There were significant differences in a few oral hygiene behaviors, daily habits, and levels of caries experience between the Dominican and Indian subgroups. Use of toothbrush (χ2 = 65.2; P < 0.001), self-reported use of fluoridated toothpaste (χ2 = 94.04; P < 0.001), use of tobacco (χ2 = 32.4; P < 0.001), dental visit (χ2 = 24.84; P < 0.001), attitude toward seeking professional dental care (χ2 = 85.07; P < 0.001), and DMFT scores (F = 13.3; P < 0.001) were significantly different between the two countries. The caries experience was higher in the Dominicans (9.6 ± 8.0 vs. 4.0 ± 5.7) than India's rural. Conclusions: Oral health practices varied considerably between rural populations in these two countries. Caries prevalence was significantly higher in Dominicans despite higher consumption of tobacco and lesser use of toothbrush among rural Indians in the subcontinent.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Cárie Dentária/psicologia , Hábitos , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Higiene Bucal , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Índice CPO , Assistência Odontológica , República Dominicana/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Índia/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , População Rural/estatística & dados numéricos , Fumar Tabaco/epidemiologia , Escovação Dentária/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto Jovem
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