Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 14.412
Filtrar
1.
Emergencias ; 32(5): 371-373, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33006842
2.
Rev Med Suisse ; 16(709): 1881-1885, 2020 Oct 07.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33026732

RESUMO

Prevalence of burnout in physicians is increasing, affecting their health and satisfaction at work as well as quality and security of healthcare. Several causes have been identified, of which growing intensity of work, loss of meaning and feeling that healthcare structure reforms prevent one's job being done properly are the main reasons. New data shows an association between burnout and use of the yet widespread electronic health record. It has a proven impact on the multiple aspects of physician's work, and users' satisfaction is often mediocre. Hence, among the broad prevention field of physicians' burnout, specific measures related to the digital domain are needed.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional , Registros Eletrônicos de Saúde , Satisfação no Emprego , Médicos/psicologia , Esgotamento Psicológico , Humanos
3.
Arch Psychiatr Nurs ; 34(5): 427-433, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33032769

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The study was carried out to determine the psychological impact levels of nurses and midwives due to the COVID-19 outbreak. METHODS: The research is planned in a descriptive type. Nurses and midwives working in any health institution in Turkey constituted the population of the research. The questionnaire form of the study was shared on social media tools between 01 and 14 April 2020 and a total of 758 nurses and midwives were included in the study sample. Personal Information Form, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory and Intolerance of Uncertainty Scale were used as data collection tools. RESULTS: Participants who attended the study were 56.9% of nurses and 43.1% of midwives. Approximately half of the nurses and midwives (48.8%) participating in our study contacted the patient with suspected COVID-19, and 29.8% provided care to the patient diagnosed with COVID-19. Nurses and midwives were scored 52.75 ± 9.80 for State Anxiety, 44.87 ± 7.92 for Trait Anxiety Inventory and 35.16 ± 9.42 for Intolerance of Uncertainty Scale. It has been determined that 54.5% of nurses and midwives have been making their lives worse since the outbreak started, 62.4% had difficulties in dealing with the uncertain situation in the outbreak, 42.6% wanted psychological support and 11.8% had alienated from their profession. It was determined that there was a difference between scale scores and difficulties in work, family and private life due to COVID-19. CONCLUSION: As a result, it is seen that the midwives and nurses in our country have high psychological effects due to the COVID-19 outbreak.


Assuntos
Transtornos de Ansiedade/psicologia , Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Enfermeiras Obstétricas/psicologia , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/psicologia , Adulto , Transtornos de Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Betacoronavirus , Esgotamento Profissional/epidemiologia , Surtos de Doenças , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Gravidez , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Turquia/epidemiologia
4.
Best Pract Res Clin Anaesthesiol ; 34(3): 553-560, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33004166

RESUMO

This comprehensive review aims to explain the potential impact of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) on mental wellbeing of healthcare professionals (HCPs). Based on up-to-date research and psychological diagnostic manuals of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition and International Classification of Diseases, 11th revision, we describe associated psychological disorders and experiences that may arise related to COVID-19. Appropriate psychological measures are introduced, along with potential methodological limitations. Lastly, resilience building and preventative measures with interventions that may mitigate the impact on mental health of HCPs are described.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Esgotamento Profissional/epidemiologia , Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/epidemiologia , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/psicologia , Pessoal de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Pandemias
5.
JCO Glob Oncol ; 6: 1494-1509, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33017179

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has had a global impact, and Singapore has seen 33,000 confirmed cases. Patients with cancer, their caregivers, and health care workers (HCWs) need to balance the challenges associated with COVID-19 while ensuring that cancer care is not compromised. This study aimed to evaluate the psychological effect of COVID-19 on these groups and the prevalence of burnout among HCWs. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of patients, caregivers, and HCWs at the National Cancer Centre Singapore was performed over 17 days during the lockdown. The Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 and Maslach Burnout Inventory were used to assess for anxiety and burnout, respectively. Self-reported fears related to COVID-19 were collected. RESULTS: A total of 624 patients, 408 caregivers, and 421 HCWs participated in the study, with a response rate of 84%, 88%, and 92% respectively. Sixty-six percent of patients, 72.8% of caregivers, and 41.6% of HCWs reported a high level of fear from COVID-19. The top concern of patients was the wide community spread of COVID-19. Caregivers were primarily worried about patients dying alone. HCWs were most worried about the relatively mild symptoms of COVID-19. The prevalence of anxiety was 19.1%, 22.5%, and 14.0% for patients, caregivers, and HCWs, respectively. Patients who were nongraduates and married, and caregivers who were married were more anxious. The prevalence of burnout in HCWs was 43.5%, with more anxious and fearful HCWs reporting higher burnout rates. CONCLUSION: Fears and anxiety related to COVID-19 are high. Burnout among HCWs is similar to rates reported prepandemic. An individualized approach to target the specific fears of each group will be crucial to maintain the well-being of these vulnerable groups and prevent burnout of HCWs.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Esgotamento Profissional/epidemiologia , Cuidadores/psicologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Neoplasias/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Adulto , Idoso , Ansiedade/diagnóstico , Ansiedade/psicologia , Betacoronavirus/patogenicidade , Esgotamento Profissional/diagnóstico , Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia , Institutos de Câncer/organização & administração , Institutos de Câncer/normas , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Estudos Transversais , Medo/psicologia , Feminino , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/organização & administração , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/normas , Humanos , Controle de Infecções/normas , Transmissão de Doença Infecciosa do Paciente para o Profissional/prevenção & controle , Transmissão de Doença Infecciosa do Profissional para o Paciente/prevenção & controle , Masculino , Oncologia/organização & administração , Oncologia/normas , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/terapia , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Prevalência , Singapura/epidemiologia , Carga de Trabalho/psicologia
6.
Invest Educ Enferm ; 38(2)2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33047546

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess burnout level during an outbreak of COVID-19 and to identify influencing factors between frontline nurses and nurses from other wards. METHODS: This cross-sectional study makes comparison between two groups of nurses including frontline (exposure group) and other nurses working in usual wards (non-exposure group) in Torbat Heydariyeh city, Iran. Oldenburg Burnout Inventory (OLBI), Job stress questionnaire (JSQ), and questionnaires of hospital resources, family support, and measuring the fear of COVID-19 were used as research instruments. RESULTS: The scores of job stress and burnout in the exposure group with COVID-19 infection were significantly higher than in the non-exposure group (p=0.006 and p=0.002, respectively). Although, in univariate linear regression, employment status (p=0.047), experience in taking care of patient confirmed or suspected with COVID-19 infection (p=0.006), hospital resources (p=0.047), and job stress (p < 0.001) were considered as significant risk factors for COVID-19-related burnout. In multivariate regression analysis, job stress (p=0.031, ß=0.308) was considered as an only factor that has a significant relationship with COVID-19-related burnout. CONCLUSIONS: The burnout level in frontline nurses was higher than other nurses, the most important influencing factor was the job stress. Regarding to negative effects of burnout on both physical and mental health nurses, it is suggested that a strong strategy be considered to reduce nurses' burnout to be able to control ongoing and future outbreaks successfully.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/psicologia , Estresse Ocupacional/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Adulto , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Estudos Transversais , Surtos de Doenças , Feminino , Humanos , Irã (Geográfico)/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
7.
BMC Psychiatry ; 20(1): 489, 2020 10 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33023535

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: COVID-19 infection is a new disease that infects a large number of people, killing a ratio of whom every day in the world. Healthcare staff, especially nurses, experience a great deal of psychological distress during care of COVID-19 patients. Detecting factors that disturb nurses' mental health during care of these patients can help to reduce their psychological distress. Therefore, this study aimed to explore nurses' experiences of psychological distress during care of patients with COVID-19. METHODS: The present qualitative research was performed using the conventional content analysis method in Iran from March to May 2020. Participants in this study included the nurses caring for patients with COVID-19, and they were selected based on the purposeful sampling method. The data was collected through 20 phone call interviews and analyzed based on the method proposed by Lundman and Graneheim. RESULTS: Qualitative data analysis revealed 11 categories including death anxiety, anxiety due to the nature of the disease, anxiety caused by corpse burial, fear of infecting the family, distress about time wasting, emotional distress of delivering bad news, fear of being contaminated, the emergence of obsessive thoughts, the bad feeling of wearing personal protective equipment, conflict between fear and conscience, and the public ignorance of preventive measures. CONCLUSION: The data showed that the nurses experienced a variety of psychological distress during care of patients with COVID-19. Through proper planning by authorities, it is possible to manage the risk factors of mental health distress in nurses and improve their mental health status.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Esgotamento Profissional , Infecções por Coronavirus , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/psicologia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Angústia Psicológica , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto , Irã (Geográfico) , Masculino
9.
Psychiatr Danub ; 32(Suppl 1): 10-14, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32890354

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In the times of serious health alarm, as it is happening in the COVID-19 pandemic, burden of healthcare is likely to explode. The current pandemic is having a profound effect on all aspects of society, including mental health and physical health. In a previous study we showed interaction between compassion fatigue, burnout and workload. METHODS: In our study, we have evaluated stress levels in 102 healthcare workers recruited in different rehabilitation departments (psychiatric and multidisciplinary). In particular, we evaluated the fatigue of compassion, vicarious trauma, burnout and hope (hopelessness) in the first two months of lookdown due to the COVID-19. RESULTS: The results obtained after the administration of the following evaluation scales: sCFs, CBI, Pro QOL, HBS, showed an overall increase in the scores in all professional figures. Significant compassion fatigue and burnout percentage is present in several groups. The highest levels of hopelessness in some professional figures, while higher educational levels can protect workers from the risk of developing high levels of work stress. CONCLUSIONS: The data obtained with this study are similar to those of our previous study, although they may indicate that during the period of the coronavirus pandemic the scores of the several scales used are higher.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional , Fadiga por Compaixão , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Empatia , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Betacoronavirus , Esperança , Humanos , Pandemias , Inquéritos e Questionários
10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(35): e21919, 2020 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32871926

RESUMO

Pharmacists with long experience and low personal satisfaction from work are at higher risk of burnout, but the role of specific personality traits is less well understood. In addition, the medical system in China is different from that of other countries, and the characteristics of pharmacist burnout might be different from that of other countries. This study evaluated the roles played by personality, working environment, and work characteristics on burnout and job satisfaction among Chinese hospital pharmacists.This was a cross-sectional study undertaken between April 28 and 30, 2017. The questionnaires were completed at the "National Academic Conference of the Chinese Society of Clinical Pharmacy". Questionnaires were handed out to 1786 pharmacists, and 1394 valid questionnaires were analyzed using structural equation modeling techniques.The final structural model showed that, as expected, personality and working environment factors directly or indirectly predicted burnout dimensions (emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and reduction of personal accomplishment) and job satisfaction variables. The analyses were consistent with the features of pharmacists' work characteristics, including job demands, job control, and workload playing mediating roles between antecedent variables (personality and working environment) and emotional outcomes (burnout and job satisfaction). On the other hand, job control and workload did not predict emotional exhaustion.This study indicates that personality is a negative predictor of 2 dimensions of burnout (emotional exhaustion and depersonalization), while the working environment, especially job demand, is a predictor of burnout and greater emotional exhaustion. Work characteristics are positively related to job satisfaction and play a protective role against burnout.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia , Satisfação no Emprego , Farmacêuticos/psicologia , Serviço de Farmácia Hospitalar , Adulto , China , Estudos Transversais , Despersonalização , Ajustamento Emocional , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Personalidade , Inquéritos e Questionários , Local de Trabalho , Adulto Jovem
11.
J Law Med ; 27(4): 865-876, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32880405

RESUMO

Levels of personal anxiety are inevitably escalating in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, including individual fear of infection, grief at the loss of loved ones and reactive depression related to loss of employment and livelihood. This article considers the importance of compassion in a range of contemporary and emerging contexts during a time of pandemic. These include: exposure of medical and care professionals to the acute demands of overstretched institutions resulting in adverse mental health outcomes and compassion fatigue; attitudes towards the burgeoning cohort of welfare recipients; and particularly vulnerable groups such as the elderly, and those who are homeless. The article considers how we ought to conceive of compassion in these contexts and makes some suggestions for building future compassion interventions and training.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus , Empatia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Idoso , Betacoronavirus , Humanos
12.
Cancer Cytopathol ; 128(9): 597-598, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32885911
13.
Intern Med J ; 50(8): 924-930, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32881266

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Infectious diseases (ID) physicians perform a pivotal role in directing the response to severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). AIM: To assess the impact of SARS-CoV-2 on workload and the perceptions of ID physicians regarding the national response in Australia and New Zealand in the pre-pandemic. METHODS: A survey of ID physicians in Australia and New Zealand was undertaken from 3 to 10 March 2020. Respondents were asked to estimate time spent on SARS-CoV-2-related activities in February and report their agreement with statements on a 5-point Likert scale ranging from 'strongly agree' to 'strongly disagree'. We also asked about the intended use of investigational agents. RESULTS: There were 214 respondents (36% of 600 eligible participants). The median workload due to SARS-CoV-2-related activities was 34% of one full-time equivalent (interquartile range 18-68%). Less than a quarter (50, 23%) of respondents had experience managing cases, while 33% (70) had experience preparing during similar pandemics. Nevertheless, 88% (188/213) believed they were well informed when giving testing and management advice, and 45% (95/212) believed their national response was well coordinated. Additionally, 41% (88/214) were worried about becoming infected through occupational exposure. Over half (116, 54%) the respondents intended to use lopinavir/ritonavir in confirmed cases of COVID-19 with severe disease. CONCLUSIONS: ID physicians spent a large proportion of time on SARS-CoV-2-related activities. Increased staffing is required to avoid burnout. Importantly, ID physicians feel well informed when giving advice. A national body should be established to co-ordinate response. Treatment efficacy trials are needed to clarify the utility of unproven treatments.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Pandemias , Médicos , Pneumonia Viral , Austrália/epidemiologia , Betacoronavirus , Esgotamento Profissional/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Infecções/epidemiologia , Nova Zelândia/epidemiologia , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Papel do Médico , Médicos/psicologia , Médicos/provisão & distribução , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Carga de Trabalho
14.
PLoS One ; 15(9): e0238217, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32881887

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Healthcare professionals (HCPs) on the front lines against COVID-19 may face increased workload and stress. Understanding HCPs' risk for burnout is critical to supporting HCPs and maintaining the quality of healthcare during the pandemic. METHODS: To assess exposure, perceptions, workload, and possible burnout of HCPs during the COVID-19 pandemic we conducted a cross-sectional survey. The main outcomes and measures were HCPs' self-assessment of burnout, indicated by a single item measure of emotional exhaustion, and other experiences and attitudes associated with working during the COVID-19 pandemic. FINDINGS: A total of 2,707 HCPs from 60 countries participated in this study. Fifty-one percent of HCPs reported burnout. Burnout was associated with work impacting household activities (RR = 1·57, 95% CI = 1·39-1·78, P<0·001), feeling pushed beyond training (RR = 1·32, 95% CI = 1·20-1·47, P<0·001), exposure to COVID-19 patients (RR = 1·18, 95% CI = 1·05-1·32, P = 0·005), and making life prioritizing decisions (RR = 1·16, 95% CI = 1·02-1·31, P = 0·03). Adequate personal protective equipment (PPE) was protective against burnout (RR = 0·88, 95% CI = 0·79-0·97, P = 0·01). Burnout was higher in high-income countries (HICs) compared to low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) (RR = 1·18; 95% CI = 1·02-1·36, P = 0·018). INTERPRETATION: Burnout is present at higher than previously reported rates among HCPs working during the COVID-19 pandemic and is related to high workload, job stress, and time pressure, and limited organizational support. Current and future burnout among HCPs could be mitigated by actions from healthcare institutions and other governmental and non-governmental stakeholders aimed at potentially modifiable factors, including providing additional training, organizational support, and support for family, PPE, and mental health resources.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Atitude , Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia , Países Desenvolvidos/estatística & dados numéricos , Países em Desenvolvimento/estatística & dados numéricos , Emoções , Pessoal de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Pandemias , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários
16.
Ann Agric Environ Med ; 27(3): 456-468, 2020 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32955230

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Numerous studies have found that doctors are exposed to stress and burnout at work. In consequence, these processes lead to a decrease in the quality of life. The study aimed to determine whether professional burnout, understood as a cognitive existential process, is related to stress at work and if any of the four dimensions of burnout are its predictor. The study also analyzed relations between organizational-professional and non-professional-social factors and burnout and stress at work. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 318 doctors (210 women, 108 men), aged 27 - 8, participated in the study. Link Burnout Questionnaire (LBQ) was used to measure burnout, and the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-10) to measure the variable describing the current level of stress. RESULTS: Occupational burnout is related to stress. Two of its symptoms: exhaustion and lack of a sense of professional effectiveness, are important predictors for the sense of stress experienced by the examined group of doctors. The individuals who are in a partner relationship (but not marriage) experienced a stronger sense of non-professional effectiveness than those who were single. Being in an informal relationship is related to the level of stress and lack of a sense of professional effectiveness. The level of stress, as well as all burnout indicators, are connected with the function of a team leader and having passion. The frequency of taking leave and using social networks is related to the level of stress and burnout. CONCLUSIONS: Problems related to burnout in doctors, and therefore people professionally involved in helping and treating, must not be underestimated, as evidenced by the results of the presented study Professional burnout of doctors leads to somatic and psychological problems. Doctors suffering from occupational burnout need support and psychological assistance the same as any other professional group.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional/epidemiologia , Satisfação no Emprego , Médicos/psicologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polônia/epidemiologia , Carga de Trabalho
17.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 146(4): 464e-473e, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32970014

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Physician burnout is a well-known problem and widespread issue in the field of medicine. Recently, more attention has been given to the significance of burnout among plastic surgeons. The cause of burnout is multifactorial, with emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and a reduced sense of personal accomplishment all playing a role. The objective of this article is to provide practical measures to help plastic surgeons in identifying the signs of burnout, thereby mitigating its consequences. METHODS: A literature review was performed to determine the comprehensive findings of previous research conducted on burnout among plastic surgeons. Particular interest was given to successful tactics used in managing work-related stress. Wellness strategies and resources from both academic and private medical settings were also obtained to further review methods for burnout management. RESULTS: There is a wide range of causes and risk factors for burnout among plastic surgeons. The majority of cases correlate with increased workload, loss of physician autonomy, and, in the context of trainees, lack of mentorship. Managing burnout can be supported by identification through survey tools. Establishing a wellness committee is also useful to develop institution-specific interventions. Equally as important, individuals must take steps to manage and minimize their burnout. CONCLUSIONS: This article provides practical strategies for institutions to identify and manage burnout among plastic surgeons. It is obvious that causes of burnout vary in different settings such as academic and community hospitals; therefore, it is critical for institutions to individualize their approach to burnout.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional/diagnóstico , Esgotamento Profissional/terapia , Cirurgia Plástica/psicologia , Esgotamento Profissional/etiologia , Humanos , Fatores de Risco
18.
West J Emerg Med ; 21(5): 1059-1066, 2020 Aug 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32970555

RESUMO

At the heart of the unparalleled crisis of COVID-19, healthcare workers (HCWs) face several challenges treating patients with COVID-19: reducing the spread of infection; developing suitable short-term strategies; and formulating long-term plans. The psychological burden and overall wellness of HCWs has received heightened awareness in news and research publications. The purpose of this study was to provide a review on current publications measuring the effects of COVID-19 on wellness of healthcare providers to inform interventional strategies. Between April 6-May 17, 2020, we conducted systematic searches using combinations of these keywords and synonyms in conjunction with the controlled vocabulary of the database: "physician," "wellness, "wellbeing," "stress," "burnout," "COVID-19," and "SARS-CoV-2." We excluded articles without original data, research studies regarding the wellness of non-healthcare occupations or the general public exclusively, other outbreaks, or wellness as an epidemic. A total of 37 studies were included in this review. The review of literature revealed consistent reports of stress, anxiety, and depressive symptoms in HCWs as a result of COVID-19. We describe published data on HCW distress and burnout but urge future research on strategies to enhance HCW well-being.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/etiologia , Betacoronavirus , Esgotamento Profissional/etiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus , Depressão/etiologia , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/etiologia , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Ansiedade/prevenção & controle , Ansiedade/psicologia , Esgotamento Profissional/epidemiologia , Esgotamento Profissional/prevenção & controle , Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Efeitos Psicossociais da Doença , Depressão/epidemiologia , Depressão/prevenção & controle , Depressão/psicologia , Saúde Global/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Fatores de Risco , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/epidemiologia , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/prevenção & controle , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/psicologia
20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32947955

RESUMO

This study explored the influencing factors of safety behavior from the perspective of employees, studied the mechanism of the psychological contract on employees' safety behavior in the context of the Chinese epidemic situation, tested the mediating role of job burnout and perceived insider status in the process of work resumption, and provided preventive suggestions for combating the global spread of COVID-19. A questionnaire survey was utilized to collect data and, combined with the necessary protective measures taken for employees in China, was used to modify the mature safety behavior scale. Finally, through the analysis of 402 employees' questionnaires, the hypotheses were verified; that is, in the process of Chinese enterprises returning to work to cope with COVID-19, the psychological contract has a positive role in promoting employees' safety behavior, while job burnout plays a weakened mediating role, and perceived insider status plays a strengthening mediating role. The psychological contract negatively affects job burnout but positively affects perceived insider status. Job burnout negatively affects employees' safety behavior, but perceived insider status positively affects employees' safety behavior. The results show that employees' conscious participation in safety behavior plays an irreplaceable role in the prevention of COVID-19 and safety of work resumption.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Saúde do Trabalhador , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Engajamento no Trabalho , Betacoronavirus , China , Humanos , Pandemias , Inquéritos e Questionários
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA