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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33143172

RESUMO

Nurses are exposed to psychosocial risks that can affect both psychological and physical health through stress. Prolonged stress at work can lead to burnout syndrome. An essential protective factor against psychosocial risks is emotional intelligence, which has been related to physical and psychological health, job satisfaction, increased job commitment, and burnout reduction. The present study aimed to analyze the effect of psychosocial risks and emotional intelligence on nurses' health, well-being, burnout level, and job satisfaction during the rise and main peak of the COVID-19 pandemic in Spain. It is a cross-sectional study conducted on a convenience sample of 125 Spanish nurses. Multiple hierarchical linear regression models were calculated considering emotional intelligence levels, psychosocial demand factors (interpersonal conflict, lack of organizational justice, role conflict, and workload), social support and emotional work on burnout, job satisfaction, and nurses' health. Finally, the moderating effect of emotional intelligence levels, psychosocial factors, social support, and emotional work on burnout, job satisfaction, and nurses' health was calculated. Overall, this research data points to a protective effect of emotional intelligence against the adverse effects of psychosocial risks such as burnout, psychosomatic complaints, and a favorable effect on job satisfaction.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia , Esgotamento Psicológico/psicologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Inteligência Emocional/fisiologia , Satisfação no Emprego , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Adulto , Betacoronavirus , Esgotamento Profissional/epidemiologia , Esgotamento Psicológico/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cultura Organizacional , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Justiça Social , Apoio Social , Espanha/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Carga de Trabalho
2.
J Occup Health ; 62(1): e12175, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33131192

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The SARS-CoV-2 global pandemic has subjected healthcare workers (HCWs) to high risk of infection through direct workplace exposure, coupled with increased workload and psychological stress. This review aims to determine the impact of SARS-CoV-2 on mental health outcomes of hospital-based HCWs and formulate recommendations for future action. METHODS: A systematic review was performed between 31st December 2019 and 17th June 2020 through Ovid Medline and Embase databases (PROSPERO ID CRD42020181204). Studies were included for review if they investigated the impact of SARS-CoV-2 on mental health outcomes of hospital-based HCWs and used validated psychiatric scoring tools. Prevalence of ICD-10 classified psychiatric disorders was the primary outcome measure. RESULTS: The initial search returned 436 articles. Forty-four studies were included in final analysis, with a total of 69,499 subjects. Prevalence ranges of six mental health outcomes were identified: depression 13.5%-44.7%; anxiety 12.3%-35.6%; acute stress reaction 5.2%-32.9%; post-traumatic stress disorder 7.4%-37.4%; insomnia 33.8%-36.1%; and occupational burnout 3.1%-43.0%. Direct exposure to SARS-CoV-2 patients was the most common risk factor identified for all mental health outcomes except occupational burnout. Nurses, frontline HCWs, and HCWs with low social support and fewer years of working experience reported the worst outcomes. CONCLUSION: The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic has significantly impacted the mental health of HCWs. Frontline staff demonstrate worse mental health outcomes. Hospitals should be staffed to meet service provision requirements and to mitigate the impact onmental health. This can be improved with access to rapid-response psychiatric teams and should be continually monitored throughout the pandemic and beyond its conclusion.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Saúde do Trabalhador , Estresse Ocupacional/epidemiologia , Pandemias/estatística & dados numéricos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Transtornos de Ansiedade/diagnóstico , Transtornos de Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Depressão/epidemiologia , Depressão/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Mental , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Prevalência , Medição de Risco , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/epidemiologia , Estados Unidos
3.
Orv Hetil ; 161(44): 1884-1890, 2020 11 01.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33130605

RESUMO

Összefoglaló. Bevezetés: Napjaink egyik legszélesebb körben emlegetett jelensége a kiégés (burnout), mely a leggyakrabban a segíto szakmákban dolgozókat érinti. Célkituzés: Munkánk célja a kiégés jelenségének komplex vizsgálata szociális munkások körében. Módszerek: A demográfiai adatok felvétele mellett a kiégés vizsgálatához a Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) kérdoívet használtuk, a kognitív/viselkedésbeli hibákat, diszfunkcionális elvárásokat pedig a Diszfunkcionális Attitud Skála (DAS) segítségével térképeztük fel. A hangulatzavar kimutatásához a Beck Depresszió Kérdoív rövidített változatát alkalmaztuk, továbbá az Erofeszítés-Jutalom Egyensúlytalanság Kérdoív és a Társas Támogatás Kérdoív is kitöltésre került. Eredmények: Összesen 300 fo töltötte ki a kérdoívet: 106 férfi, 194 no. A munkavállalók döntoen a fiatal/középkorú korcsoporthoz tartoznak, a 26-45 év közöttiek aránya 52,2%. Az átlagos kiégési pontszám 53,9 (SD = 18,7) volt, melybol 105 fo (35,1%) alacsony, 182 fo közepes (60,6%) és 13 fo (4,3%) súlyos kiégéssel érintett. A multivariációs analízis során a noi nem (OR: 5,857), az életkor (OR: 4,126), a munkában eltöltött évek (OR: 2,721), a sokgyermekes család (OR: 2,861) és a társas támogatás hiánya (OR: 2,81) bizonyultak a kiégés független rizikótényezoinek (p<0,05 minden esetben). A depresszió és a kiégés (p<0,001), valamint a diszfunkcionális attitudök és a kiégés között pozitív kapcsolat igazolódott (korrelációs együttható = 0,316; p<0,001). Következtetés: Eredményeink alapján a szociális munkások jelentos része közepes fokú kiégésben, 5%-uk pedig súlyos fokú kiégésben szenved. A kiégésnek vannak befolyásolható (munkahelyi attitudök, társas támogatás) és nem befolyásolható (életkor, nem, család) tényezoi, melyeket az esetleges prevenciós, illetve intervenciós beavatkozások során figyelembe kell venni. Orv Hetil. 2020; 161(44): 1884-1890. INTRODUCTION: Burnout is increasingly prevalent mainly involving employees working in the social sphere. OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to examine the complexity of burnout among social workers. METHODS: Baseline demographic data were recorded. Burnout was assessed by the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI), and the intensities of dysfunctional attitudes were also studied. Depression was detected by the abbreviated version of the Beck Depression Questionnaire, furthermore social supports and effort-reward imbalance were also examined. RESULTS: Overall 300 employees participated in our study. Age group distribution was young/middle-aged access, the vast majority of the workers was between 25 and 45 years. The mean burnout scale was 53.9 (SD = 18.7), 105 workers had mild (35.1%), 182 moderate (60.6%) and 13 severe (4.3%) burnout. In a multivariate analysis, the female gender (OR: 5.857), the age (OR: 4.126), the years spent with working (OR: 2.721), the number of children (>3) (OR: 2.861) and the lack of social support (OR: 2.81) were independently associated with burnout (p<0.05 in all cases). There was a significant association among burnout, depression and dysfunctional attitudes. CONCLUSION: The vast majority of our social workers suffered from moderate and a small, but a significant proportion from severe burnout. Our work draws attention to the modifiable and unmodifiable risk factors of burnout in this population, which may help in the development of preventive strategies. Orv Hetil. 2020; 161(44): 1884-1890.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional/epidemiologia , Assistentes Sociais/psicologia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Assistentes Sociais/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33198084

RESUMO

Emergency situations have been associated with negative psychological adjustment outcomes in healthcare professionals, although studies on the impact of the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic amongst Italian health workers are limited. The main aim of this study was to investigate the psychological adjustment of healthcare professionals during the peak of the COVID-19 pandemic, evaluating differences according to working or not with patients affected by COVID-19 and in areas with a more severe spread of this pandemic. Healthcare professionals' attitudes toward psychological support were analyzed. The levels of anxiety, depression, psychological stress, and professional quality of life (compassion satisfaction, burnout, and compassion fatigue) and attitudes toward psychological support were measured among 627 Italian healthcare workers (mean age = 40.55 years; SD = 11.49; range: 27-72). Significantly higher levels of stress, burnout, secondary trauma, anxiety, and depression were observed among professionals working with COVID-19 patients. Higher levels of stress and burnout and lower levels of compassion satisfaction were detected in professionals working in areas with higher rates of contagion. No interaction effects were found between working (or not) with patients affected by COVID-19 and working (or not) in areas with a more severe diffusion of this pandemic. Finally, in the group of professionals who worked with COVID-19 patients, the percentage of professionals who thought to ask for psychological support was twice that of the group that did not work with COVID-19 patients. The overall findings indicate that the mental health of frontline healthcare workers requires further consideration and that targeted prevention and intervention programs are necessary.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional , Fadiga por Compaixão , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Adulto , Idoso , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Betacoronavirus , Esgotamento Profissional/epidemiologia , Depressão/epidemiologia , Ajustamento Emocional , Empatia , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Satisfação Pessoal , Qualidade de Vida
5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33143180

RESUMO

In-service teachers have various emotional and motivational experiences that can influence their continuance intention towards online-only instruction during the COVID-19 pandemic, as a significant stress factor for their workplace. Derived from the Self-Determination Theory (SDT), Job Demands-Resources Model (JD-R), and Technology Acceptance Model (TAM), the present research model includes technological pedagogical knowledge (TPK) self-efficacy (SE), intrinsic (IM) and extrinsic (EM) work motivation, and occupational stress (OS) (i.e., burnout and technostress which have been examined in tandem) as key dimensions to explain the better continuance intention among in-service teachers to use online-only instruction (CI). Data for the research model were collected from 980 in-service teachers during the COVID-19 outbreak between April and May 2020. Overall, the structural model explained 70% of the variance in teachers' CI. Motivational practices were directly and indirectly linked through OS with CI. The findings showed that IM has the most directly significant effect on teachers' CI, followed by TPK-SE, and OS as significant, but lower predictors. IM was positively associated with TPK-SE and negatively associated with EM. The results offered valuable insights into how motivation constructs were related to OS and to a better understanding online instruction in an unstable work context, in order to support teachers in coping during working remotely.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Intenção , Motivação , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Professores Escolares/psicologia , Adulto , Betacoronavirus , Esgotamento Profissional/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Educação a Distância , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Estresse Fisiológico
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33148790

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Clinician burnout is an important occupational hazard that may be exacerbated by the novel COVID-19 pandemic. Within Southeast Asia, burnout in gastroenterology is understudied. The primary objective of this study is to estimate the prevalence of burnout symptoms within gastroenterology, in member states of the Associations of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), during and after the COVID-19 pandemic. The secondary objective is to identify work-related stressors that contribute to burnout in ASEAN gastroenterologists. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This is an observational study that will use anonymised online surveys to estimate the prevalence of burnout symptoms at two time points: during the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020 and in 2022 (assumed to be after the pandemic). Gastroenterologists from Singapore, Malaysia, Thailand, Indonesia, Philippines and Brunei will be invited to participate in the online survey through their national gastroenterology and endoscopy societies. Burnout will be assessed using the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey tool. Supplementary questions will collect demographic and qualitative data. Associations between demographic characteristics and burnout will be tested by multiple regression. RESULTS: The prevalence of burnout symptoms in gastroenterology during the COVID-19 pandemic, and the baseline prevalence after COVID-19, will be established in the above-mentioned countries. Work-related stressors commonly associated with burnout will be identified, allowing the introduction of preventative measures to reduce burnout in the future. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Ethical approval was granted by the Singhealth Centralised Institutional Review Board (2020/2709). Results will be submitted for publication.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Esgotamento Profissional/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Gastroenterologia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia , Adulto , Ásia/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
7.
Cent Eur J Public Health ; 28 Suppl: S57-S64, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33069183

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence of burnout syndrome and mobbing, to determine their mutual relationship, and to identify predictors related to the probability of occurrence of burnout syndrome in general nurses working in hospitals. METHODS: The work is designed as a cross-sectional study. The research took place in 2018 and the sample included 250 general nurses. Statistical evaluation was performed by means of descriptive statistics, Spearman's correlation coefficient, and logistic regression. Three standardized questionnaires were used - Maslach Burnout Inventory, Negative Questionnaire Act and SUPSO. RESULTS: The research revealed burnout syndrome in the area of emotional exhaustion in 28.8% of nurses, of depersonalization in 15.2%, and in the area of personal accomplishment in 38.4%. 51.2% of nurses never experienced mobbing at workplace, one act of mobbing over the last six months was reported by 17.6% of respondents, two and more acts by 31.2%. Logistic regression revealed that the probability of occurrence of burnout syndrome in the area of emotional exhaustion is influenced by age, sex and by the size of an urban area, it is increased by anxiety and depression. In the area of depersonalization the probability of incidence increases with impulsiveness and dejection. In the area of personal accomplishment the probability of burnout syndrome incidence is increased by the lack of psychological wellbeing and activeness, by restlessness and impulsiveness. Though there were found significant relationships between all component parts of burnout syndrome and mobbing, multivariate logistic regression did not show the impact of any component part of mobbing on the probability of occurrence of burnout syndrome. CONCLUSIONS: The research revealed that the probability of burnout syndrome incidence is related to socio-demographic factors as well as to an individual's psychological states and perceptions. Direct impact of mobbing on the probability of burnout syndrome incidence was inconclusive.


Assuntos
Bullying , Esgotamento Profissional , Esgotamento Profissional/epidemiologia , Esgotamento Psicológico/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Prevalência
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33114116

RESUMO

The pandemic caused by the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus, which produces COVID-19 disease, has revealed to political and social circles a series of needs that have not yet been met. The workers of the State Security Forces and the Armed Forces have done an extraordinary job to try to alleviate the effects that the pandemic has had on the population and to return stability to the citizenry as much as possible. In this context, the following investigation is developed based on two objectives: (PO1) to know the level of anxiety in the face of death in these professionals; (PO2) to determine the predictive variables in the above-mentioned phenomenon. Professionals from all over Spain have participated in the study (n = 2079). From a quantitative perspective, a questionnaire was developed from the Collet-Lester death anxiety scale. The results show a total level of 69.2% in the scale, as well as some higher levels about the fear of death of others (82.1%) and the fear of the process of dying of others (78.2%). On the other hand, from the binary logistic regressions, four variables are evidenced that condition the risk of suffering death anxiety: (a) certainty of needing psychological treatment in the future; (b) absence of Individual Protection Equipment (PPE); (c) high levels of Emotional Exhaustion; (d) high levels of depersonalization-these last two come from the Maslach and Jackson Burnout scale. These data show a need for training and intervention in the emotional and psychological demands of the professionals of the Armed Forces and State Security Forces, as well as the obligation to develop a continuous dialogue with the institutions they represent to foster the feeling of belonging to them. It is essential, regardless of the serious consequences that the virus has caused, to understand the psychosocial and emotional demands of enforcement agents and to improve their occupational health.


Assuntos
Ansiedade , Esgotamento Profissional , Infecções por Coronavirus , Morte , Militares , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Betacoronavirus , Esgotamento Profissional/epidemiologia , Humanos , Militares/psicologia , Espanha/epidemiologia
9.
JCO Glob Oncol ; 6: 1494-1509, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33017179

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has had a global impact, and Singapore has seen 33,000 confirmed cases. Patients with cancer, their caregivers, and health care workers (HCWs) need to balance the challenges associated with COVID-19 while ensuring that cancer care is not compromised. This study aimed to evaluate the psychological effect of COVID-19 on these groups and the prevalence of burnout among HCWs. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of patients, caregivers, and HCWs at the National Cancer Centre Singapore was performed over 17 days during the lockdown. The Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 and Maslach Burnout Inventory were used to assess for anxiety and burnout, respectively. Self-reported fears related to COVID-19 were collected. RESULTS: A total of 624 patients, 408 caregivers, and 421 HCWs participated in the study, with a response rate of 84%, 88%, and 92% respectively. Sixty-six percent of patients, 72.8% of caregivers, and 41.6% of HCWs reported a high level of fear from COVID-19. The top concern of patients was the wide community spread of COVID-19. Caregivers were primarily worried about patients dying alone. HCWs were most worried about the relatively mild symptoms of COVID-19. The prevalence of anxiety was 19.1%, 22.5%, and 14.0% for patients, caregivers, and HCWs, respectively. Patients who were nongraduates and married, and caregivers who were married were more anxious. The prevalence of burnout in HCWs was 43.5%, with more anxious and fearful HCWs reporting higher burnout rates. CONCLUSION: Fears and anxiety related to COVID-19 are high. Burnout among HCWs is similar to rates reported prepandemic. An individualized approach to target the specific fears of each group will be crucial to maintain the well-being of these vulnerable groups and prevent burnout of HCWs.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Esgotamento Profissional/epidemiologia , Cuidadores/psicologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Neoplasias/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Adulto , Idoso , Ansiedade/diagnóstico , Ansiedade/psicologia , Betacoronavirus/patogenicidade , Esgotamento Profissional/diagnóstico , Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia , Institutos de Câncer/organização & administração , Institutos de Câncer/normas , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Estudos Transversais , Medo/psicologia , Feminino , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/organização & administração , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/normas , Humanos , Controle de Infecções/normas , Transmissão de Doença Infecciosa do Paciente para o Profissional/prevenção & controle , Transmissão de Doença Infecciosa do Profissional para o Paciente/prevenção & controle , Masculino , Oncologia/organização & administração , Oncologia/normas , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/terapia , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Prevalência , Singapura/epidemiologia , Carga de Trabalho/psicologia
10.
BMJ Open ; 10(10): e042752, 2020 10 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33087382

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The COVID-19 pandemic has been associated with significant occupational stressors and challenges for front-line healthcare workers (HCWs), including COVID-19 exposure risk. Our study sought to assess factors contributing to HCW infection and psychological distress during the COVID-19 pandemic in the USA. DESIGN: We conducted a cross sectional survey of HCWs (physicians, nurses, emergency medical technicians (EMTs), non-clinical staff) during May 2020. Participants completed a 42-item survey assessing disease transmission risk (clinical role, work environment, availability of personal protective equipment) and mental health (anxiety, depression and burn-out). SETTING: The questionnaire was disseminated over various social media platforms. 3083 respondents from 48 states, the District of Columbia and US territories accessed the survey. PARTICIPANTS: Using a convenience sample of HCWs who worked during the pandemic, 3083 respondents accessed the survey and 2040 participants completed at least 80% of the survey. PRIMARY OUTCOME: Prevalence of self-reported COVID-19 infection, in addition to burn-out, depression and anxiety symptoms. RESULTS: Participants were largely from the Northeast and Southern USA, with attending physicians (31.12%), nurses (26.80%), EMTs (13.04%) with emergency medicine department (38.30%) being the most common department and specialty represented. Twenty-nine per cent of respondents met the criteria for being a probable case due to reported COVID-19 symptoms or a positive test. HCWs in the emergency department (31.64%) were more likely to contract COVID-19 compared with HCWs in the ICU (23.17%) and inpatient settings (25.53%). HCWs that contracted COVID-19 also reported higher levels of depressive symptoms (mean diff.=0.31; 95% CI 0.16 to 0.47), anxiety symptoms (mean diff.=0.34; 95% CI 0.17 to 0.52) and burn-out (mean diff.=0.54; 95% CI 0.36 to 0.71). CONCLUSION: HCWs have experienced significant physical and psychological risk while working during the COVID-19 pandemic. These findings highlight the urgent need for increased support for provider physical and mental health well-being.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Esgotamento Profissional/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Saúde Mental , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Angústia Psicológica , Adulto , Esgotamento Profissional/epidemiologia , Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Prevalência , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
11.
PLoS One ; 15(10): e0241032, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33085716

RESUMO

In the frontline of the pandemic stand healthcare workers and public service providers, occupations which have proven to be associated with increased mental health problems during pandemic crises. This cross-sectional, survey-based study collected data from 1773 healthcare workers and public service providers throughout Norway between March 31, 2020 and April 7, 2020, which encompasses a timeframe where all non-pharmacological interventions (NPIs) were held constant. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), anxiety and depression were assessed by the Norwegian version of the PTSD checklist (PCL-5), General Anxiety Disorder -7, and Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9), respectively. Health anxiety and specific predictors were assessed with specific items. Multiple regression analysis was used for predictor analysis. A total of 28.9% of the sample had clinical or subclinical symptoms of PTSD, and 21.2% and 20.5% were above the established cut-offs for anxiety and depression. Those working directly in contrast to indirectly with COVID-19 patients had significantly higher PTSD symptoms. Worries about job and economy, negative metacognitions, burnout, health anxiety and emotional support were significantly associated with PTSD symptoms, after controlling for demographic variables and psychological symptoms. Health workers and public service providers are experiencing high levels of PTSD symptoms, anxiety and depression during the COVID-19 pandemic. Health workers working directly with COVID-19 patients have significantly higher levels of PTSD symptoms and depression compared to those working indirectly. Appropriate action to monitor and reduce PTSD, anxiety, and depression among these groups of individuals working in the frontline of pandemic with crucial societal roles should be taken immediately.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Esgotamento Profissional/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Depressão/epidemiologia , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Assistentes Sociais/psicologia , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Noruega , Pandemias , Questionário de Saúde do Paciente , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Adulto Jovem
12.
Ann Pharm Fr ; 78(6): 459-463, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33038309

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: COVID-19 outbreak can impact mental health including health care workers. The aim of this study was to assess the psychological impact of COVID-19 in French community pharmacists. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We carried out a postal-based survey to assess the psychological impact of COVID-19 in French owner community pharmacists based on three validated self-report questionnaires: Perceived Stress scale, Impact of Event Scale-revised and Maslach Burnout Inventory. RESULTS: The sample consists of 135 community pharmacists. Twenty-three pharmacists reported significant post-traumatic stress symptoms (17%). High burnout symptoms were found in 33 (25%), 46 (34.9%) and 4 (3%) participants. Females scored higher than males for all questionnaires (P=0.01). CONCLUSIONS: This study is the first study which showed the psychological impact of COVID-19 in community pharmacists. Based on validated self-report questionnaires, up to 35% of pharmacists reported psychological disturbances. Interventions to promote psychological well-being of healthcare workers need to be developing.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Esgotamento Profissional/etiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Estresse Ocupacional/etiologia , Farmacêuticos/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/etiologia , Estresse Psicológico/etiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Esgotamento Profissional/epidemiologia , Serviços Comunitários de Farmácia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Despersonalização/epidemiologia , Despersonalização/etiologia , Emoções , Feminino , França/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estresse Ocupacional/epidemiologia , Estresse Ocupacional/psicologia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Autorrelato , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Distribuição por Sexo , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/epidemiologia , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
14.
Emergencias ; 32(5): 371-373, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33006842
15.
Invest Educ Enferm ; 38(2)2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33047546

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess burnout level during an outbreak of COVID-19 and to identify influencing factors between frontline nurses and nurses from other wards. METHODS: This cross-sectional study makes comparison between two groups of nurses including frontline (exposure group) and other nurses working in usual wards (non-exposure group) in Torbat Heydariyeh city, Iran. Oldenburg Burnout Inventory (OLBI), Job stress questionnaire (JSQ), and questionnaires of hospital resources, family support, and measuring the fear of COVID-19 were used as research instruments. RESULTS: The scores of job stress and burnout in the exposure group with COVID-19 infection were significantly higher than in the non-exposure group (p=0.006 and p=0.002, respectively). Although, in univariate linear regression, employment status (p=0.047), experience in taking care of patient confirmed or suspected with COVID-19 infection (p=0.006), hospital resources (p=0.047), and job stress (p < 0.001) were considered as significant risk factors for COVID-19-related burnout. In multivariate regression analysis, job stress (p=0.031, ß=0.308) was considered as an only factor that has a significant relationship with COVID-19-related burnout. CONCLUSIONS: The burnout level in frontline nurses was higher than other nurses, the most important influencing factor was the job stress. Regarding to negative effects of burnout on both physical and mental health nurses, it is suggested that a strong strategy be considered to reduce nurses' burnout to be able to control ongoing and future outbreaks successfully.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/psicologia , Estresse Ocupacional/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Adulto , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Estudos Transversais , Surtos de Doenças , Feminino , Humanos , Irã (Geográfico)/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
16.
Arch Psychiatr Nurs ; 34(5): 427-433, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33032769

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The study was carried out to determine the psychological impact levels of nurses and midwives due to the COVID-19 outbreak. METHODS: The research is planned in a descriptive type. Nurses and midwives working in any health institution in Turkey constituted the population of the research. The questionnaire form of the study was shared on social media tools between 01 and 14 April 2020 and a total of 758 nurses and midwives were included in the study sample. Personal Information Form, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory and Intolerance of Uncertainty Scale were used as data collection tools. RESULTS: Participants who attended the study were 56.9% of nurses and 43.1% of midwives. Approximately half of the nurses and midwives (48.8%) participating in our study contacted the patient with suspected COVID-19, and 29.8% provided care to the patient diagnosed with COVID-19. Nurses and midwives were scored 52.75 ± 9.80 for State Anxiety, 44.87 ± 7.92 for Trait Anxiety Inventory and 35.16 ± 9.42 for Intolerance of Uncertainty Scale. It has been determined that 54.5% of nurses and midwives have been making their lives worse since the outbreak started, 62.4% had difficulties in dealing with the uncertain situation in the outbreak, 42.6% wanted psychological support and 11.8% had alienated from their profession. It was determined that there was a difference between scale scores and difficulties in work, family and private life due to COVID-19. CONCLUSION: As a result, it is seen that the midwives and nurses in our country have high psychological effects due to the COVID-19 outbreak.


Assuntos
Transtornos de Ansiedade/psicologia , Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Enfermeiras Obstétricas/psicologia , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/psicologia , Adulto , Transtornos de Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Betacoronavirus , Esgotamento Profissional/epidemiologia , Surtos de Doenças , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Gravidez , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Turquia/epidemiologia
17.
Best Pract Res Clin Anaesthesiol ; 34(3): 553-560, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33004166

RESUMO

This comprehensive review aims to explain the potential impact of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) on mental wellbeing of healthcare professionals (HCPs). Based on up-to-date research and psychological diagnostic manuals of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition and International Classification of Diseases, 11th revision, we describe associated psychological disorders and experiences that may arise related to COVID-19. Appropriate psychological measures are introduced, along with potential methodological limitations. Lastly, resilience building and preventative measures with interventions that may mitigate the impact on mental health of HCPs are described.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Esgotamento Profissional/epidemiologia , Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/epidemiologia , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/psicologia , Pessoal de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Pandemias
18.
BMC Emerg Med ; 20(1): 82, 2020 10 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33059583

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Emergency department personnel routinely bear witness to traumatic experiences and critical incidents that can affect their own well-being. Peer support through debriefing has demonstrated positive impacts on clinicians' well-being following critical incidents. This study explored community hospital emergency department staff's perceptions of critical incidents, assessed openness to debriefing and measured baseline well-being. Our analysis provides a baseline of provider well-being immediately prior to the local onset of COVID-19. The potential need for additional resources to support frontline providers during the pandemic can be evaluated. METHOD: We conducted a cross-sectional study for 4-weeks prior to the first COVID-19 case in Connecticut using a survey offered to an interprofessional group of emergency department clinical staff. The main outcome measures were the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and the Professional Quality of Life (ProQOL) scale. Pearson's chi-square test was used to identify significant differences in perceptions of critical incidents and debriefings between professional categories. One-way ANOVA and Tukey's test were used to analyze significant differences in well-being between professional categories. RESULTS: Thirty-nine clinical personnel from St. Vincent's Emergency Department responded to the survey. Events frequently selected as critical incidents were caring for critically ill children (89.7%), mass casualty events (84.6%), and death of a patient (69.2%). Critical incidents were commonly reported (81.6%) as occurring once per week. Additionally, 76.2% of participants reported wanting to discuss a critical incident with their team. Across all respondents, 45.7% scored borderline or abnormal for anxiety, 55.9% scored moderate for burnout, and 55.8% scored moderate to high for secondary traumatic stress. CONCLUSIONS: At baseline, providers reported caring for critically ill children, mass casualty events, and death of a patient as critical incidents, which typically occurred once per week. Death of a patient occurs at increased frequency during the protracted mass casualty experience of COVID-19 and threatens provider well-being. Receptiveness to post-event debriefing is high but the method is still underutilized. With nearly half of staff scoring borderline or abnormal for anxiety, burnout, and secondary traumatic stress at baseline, peer support measures should be implemented to protect frontline providers' well-being during and after the pandemic.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/organização & administração , Retroalimentação , Promoção da Saúde/organização & administração , Recursos Humanos em Hospital/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Local de Trabalho/psicologia , Adulto , Betacoronavirus , Esgotamento Profissional/epidemiologia , Esgotamento Profissional/prevenção & controle , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Hospitais Comunitários/organização & administração , Humanos , Masculino , Incidentes com Feridos em Massa/psicologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Percepção , Qualidade de Vida , Apoio Social , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia , Estresse Psicológico/prevenção & controle
19.
J Law Med ; 27(4): 865-876, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32880405

RESUMO

Levels of personal anxiety are inevitably escalating in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, including individual fear of infection, grief at the loss of loved ones and reactive depression related to loss of employment and livelihood. This article considers the importance of compassion in a range of contemporary and emerging contexts during a time of pandemic. These include: exposure of medical and care professionals to the acute demands of overstretched institutions resulting in adverse mental health outcomes and compassion fatigue; attitudes towards the burgeoning cohort of welfare recipients; and particularly vulnerable groups such as the elderly, and those who are homeless. The article considers how we ought to conceive of compassion in these contexts and makes some suggestions for building future compassion interventions and training.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus , Empatia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Idoso , Betacoronavirus , Humanos
20.
Cancer Cytopathol ; 128(9): 597-598, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32885911
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