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1.
Rev. ADM ; 76(6): 328-331, nov.-dic. 2019. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1087384

RESUMO

La odontología deportiva es la rama de la medicina deportiva que se ocupa de la prevención y el tratamiento de las lesiones bucodentales y las enfermedades orales asociadas al deporte y el ejercicio. Por lo que se hace necesario la intervención de profesionales de la salud bucodental para hacer evaluaciones del deportista y el deporte que practica para ver los riesgos que puede tener de desarrollar y sufrir lesiones bucodentales como traumas dentoalveolares y lesiones no cariosas. Y de este modo realizar las recomendaciones a cada paciente que practica deporte, de los elementos que deben usar como equipamiento bucodental para evitar o reducir el daño dentoalveolar (AU)


Sports dentistry is the branch of sports medicine that deals with the prevention and treatment of oral injuries and oral diseases associated with sports and exercise. Therefore it is necessary the intervention of oral health professionals to make evaluations of the athlete and the sport he practices to see the risks that may have to develop and suffer oral injuries such as dentoalveolar trauma and non-carious lesions. And in this way make the recommendations to each patient who practices sports, of the elements that should be used as oral equipment to avoid or reduce dentoalveolar damage (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Traumatismos em Atletas , Esportes , Traumatismos Dentários/prevenção & controle , Protetores Bucais , Fenótipo , Sistema Estomatognático/fisiologia , Alvéolo Dental/lesões , Esmalte Dentário/lesões , Dentina/lesões
2.
Ann Afr Med ; 18(2): 80-85, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31070149

RESUMO

Objective: The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of traumatic dental injuries (TDIs) in the anterior teeth among children attending paramilitary and nonparamilitary schools in Benin City, Nigeria. Materials and Methods: A multistage sampling technique was used to select children aged 8-12 years with a previous history of trauma to the orofacial region. A self-administered questionnaire was then applied, and each participant was examined clinically. Data collected included demographic characteristics, etiology and place of injury, affected teeth, type of dental injury, lip competence, and overjet values. Analysis of data was done with the SPSS version 21.0 software. Pearson's Chi-squared test was used to determine the association between variables and odds ratio. Statistical significance was determined at P < 0.05. Results: A total number of 1352 children (mean age: 9.89 ± 1.4 years) were examined and 154 (11.4%) had a previous history of TDI. The prevalence among respondents in the paramilitary schools was 84 (6.2%) and those in nonparamilitary schools 70 (5.2%). Falls and play was the most common cause of TDI and was higher in children in paramilitary schools. Ellis Class I was the most prevalent type of injury in 91 (59.1%), tooth number 21 was the most traumatized, and the school environment was the most common place. Of the total number of respondents with TDI, the relationship between etiology with age, lip competence, and overjet was statistically significant (P < 0.05). Conclusion: The prevalence of TDI among the study participants was 11.4% and more in the paramilitary schools than the nonparamilitary.


Assuntos
Traumatismos Dentários/epidemiologia , Acidentes por Quedas/estatística & dados numéricos , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Esmalte Dentário/lesões , Dentina/lesões , Feminino , Humanos , Incisivo/lesões , Nigéria/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Instituições Acadêmicas , Fatores Sexuais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Fraturas dos Dentes/epidemiologia
3.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 56(1): e1407, ene.-mar. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003865

RESUMO

Introducción: Se requieren métodos experimentales abreviados para simular las lesiones de desmineralización temprana de forma controlada y reproducible. Objetivo: Realizar una evaluación in vitro de un método simple de desmineralización incipiente del esmalte. Métodos: Estudio experimental aleatorizado con doble diseño factorial de réplicas. Se seleccionaron 12 terceros molares de sujetos humanos saludables para su desmineralización en solución de ácido láctico racémico. Las muestras se distribuyeron aleatoriamente: Grupo 1 (G1) (n= 6) ácido láctico a pH 2,4 y Grupo 2 (G2) (n= 6) ácido láctico a pH 5,4. A continuación, cada grupo se subdividió (n = 2) para evaluar el efecto de las soluciones a tres tiempos de exposición (7, 15 y 30 días) a 37 °C. La evaluación se llevó a cabo con estereomicroscopios, equipo de radiografía digital con un software de análisis digital de imágenes y microscopía de polarización. Se formuló una integración de los índices de respuesta y se realizó un ANOVA. Resultados: Los hallazgos visuales, radiográficos e histológicos mostraron que en el G1 en los tiempos 1 a 3, la desmineralización se caracterizó por una gran pérdida de la integridad del esmalte (80 por ciento a 100 por ciento). Visualmente, el G2 a los 7 días mostró opacidad y pérdida de brillo (16 por ciento) con preservación de la estructura superficial del esmalte. Conclusiones: Se demuestra que el empleo de ácido láctico durante 7 días a pH 5,4 produce una lesión clínica, radiográfica e histológica similar a una lesión temprana del esmalte(AU)


Introduction: Abridged experimental methods are required to simulate early demineralizing lesions in a controlled and reproducible way. Objective: Perform an in vitro evaluation of a simple method of incipient enamel demineralization. Methods: Randomized experimental study with a double factorial replication design. Twelve third molars from healthy human subjects were selected for demineralization in a racemic lactic acid solution. Samples were then distributed randomly: Group 1 (G1) (n= 6) lactic acid at pH 2.4 and Group 2 (G2) (n= 6) lactic acid at pH 5.4. Each group was then subdivided (n = 2) to evaluate the effect of the solutions at three exposure times (7, 15 and 30 days) at 37°C. The evaluation used stereomicroscopes, a digital x-rays apparatus with software for the digital analysis of images, and polarization microscopy. An integration of the response indices was formulated and ANOVA was performed. Results: Visual, radiographic and histological findings showed that G1 at time 1 through 3 displayed demineralization characterized by extensive loss (80 percent to 100 percent) of enamel integrity. Visually, G2 at 7 days exhibited opacity and loss of brightness (16 percent), with preservation of the surface structure of the enamel. Conclusions: It was shown that employing lactic acid for 7 days at pH 5.4 develops a clinical, radiographic and histological injury similar to an early enamel lesion(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Desmineralização do Dente/diagnóstico por imagem , Ácido Láctico/administração & dosagem , Radiografia Dentária Digital/métodos , Esmalte Dentário/lesões , Técnicas In Vitro/estatística & dados numéricos , Microscopia de Polarização/métodos
4.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 56(1)ene.-mar. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | CUMED | ID: cum-74134

RESUMO

Introducción: Se requieren métodos experimentales abreviados para simular las lesiones de desmineralización temprana de forma controlada y reproducible. Objetivo: Realizar una evaluación in vitro de un método simple de desmineralización incipiente del esmalte. Métodos: Estudio experimental aleatorizado con doble diseño factorial de réplicas. Se seleccionaron 12 terceros molares de sujetos humanos saludables para su desmineralización en solución de ácido láctico racémico. Las muestras se distribuyeron aleatoriamente: Grupo 1 (G1) (n= 6) ácido láctico a pH 2,4 y Grupo 2 (G2) (n= 6) ácido láctico a pH 5,4. A continuación, cada grupo se subdividió (n = 2) para evaluar el efecto de las soluciones a tres tiempos de exposición (7, 15 y 30 días) a 37 °C. La evaluación se llevó a cabo con estereomicroscopios, equipo de radiografía digital con un software de análisis digital de imágenes y microscopía de polarización. Se formuló una integración de los índices de respuesta y se realizó un ANOVA. Resultados: Los hallazgos visuales, radiográficos e histológicos mostraron que en el G1 en los tiempos 1 a 3, la desmineralización se caracterizó por una gran pérdida de la integridad del esmalte (80 por ciento a 100 por ciento). Visualmente, el G2 a los 7 días mostró opacidad y pérdida de brillo (16 por ciento) con preservación de la estructura superficial del esmalte. Conclusiones: Se demuestra que el empleo de ácido láctico durante 7 días a pH 5,4 produce una lesión clínica, radiográfica e histológica similar a una lesión temprana del esmalte(AU)


Introduction: Abridged experimental methods are required to simulate early demineralizing lesions in a controlled and reproducible way. Objective: Perform an in vitro evaluation of a simple method of incipient enamel demineralization. Methods: Randomized experimental study with a double factorial replication design. Twelve third molars from healthy human subjects were selected for demineralization in a racemic lactic acid solution. Samples were then distributed randomly: Group 1 (G1) (n= 6) lactic acid at pH 2.4 and Group 2 (G2) (n= 6) lactic acid at pH 5.4. Each group was then subdivided (n = 2) to evaluate the effect of the solutions at three exposure times (7, 15 and 30 days) at 37°C. The evaluation used stereomicroscopes, a digital x-rays apparatus with software for the digital analysis of images, and polarization microscopy. An integration of the response indices was formulated and ANOVA was performed. Results: Visual, radiographic and histological findings showed that G1 at time 1 through 3 displayed demineralization characterized by extensive loss (80 percent to 100 percent) of enamel integrity. Visually, G2 at 7 days exhibited opacity and loss of brightness (16 percent), with preservation of the surface structure of the enamel. Conclusions: It was shown that employing lactic acid for 7 days at pH 5.4 develops a clinical, radiographic and histological injury similar to an early enamel lesion(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Desmineralização do Dente , Ácido Láctico/administração & dosagem , Radiografia Dentária Digital/métodos , Esmalte Dentário/lesões , Técnicas In Vitro/estatística & dados numéricos , Microscopia de Polarização/métodos
5.
Braz Oral Res ; 32: e89, 2018 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30110087

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and discriminate the associated factors between enamel fractures and other trauma/trauma sequelae in 8 to 10-year-old Brazilian schoolchildren. A representative sample of 1,201 children from public and private schools were enrolled in this cross-sectional study. Questionnaires about sociodemographic characteristics were answered by parents. The outcome variable (traumatic dental injury, TDI) was multi-categorized. Independent individual variables were sex, age, number of residents in household, parents/caregivers' level of education, family income, dental caries, and overjet. Type of school was considered an independent contextual variable. Multilevel analysis, bivariate, and multivariate multinomial logistic regression models were performed. The prevalence of TDI was 14.0% (2.8% with other trauma/trauma sequelae). The multilevel analysis revealed no significant difference between the type of school and TDI. The multinomial logistic regression showed that boys (OR = 2.3; 95%CI: 1.1-4.8), older children (OR = 1.8; 95%CI: 1.1-3.0) and individuals with an overjet > 3 mm (OR = 2.5; 95%CI: 1.0-6.2) were more likely to present other trauma/trauma sequelae. Enamel fracture was not significantly associated with any variables. The prevalence of TDI in 8 to 10-year-old schoolchildren was 14% but only 2.8% of other trauma/trauma sequelae. Differences regarding the associated factors of TDI involving enamel fracture or other trauma/trauma sequelae were detected, suggesting that the different TDI classification cannot be evaluated as a single category.


Assuntos
Esmalte Dentário/lesões , Fraturas dos Dentes/epidemiologia , Fraturas dos Dentes/etiologia , Distribuição por Idade , Fatores Etários , Brasil/epidemiologia , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Distribuição por Sexo , Fatores Sexuais , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários
6.
J Investig Clin Dent ; 9(4): e12348, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30004183

RESUMO

AIM: The aim of the present study was to assess the association of sex, age, group of teeth, and type of accident (exposure) with dental fractures (outcome: enamel-dentine fracture without [EDF] or with pulp exposure [EDPF] and root fracture RF]). METHODS: In total, 1046 patients were selected. Logistic binary regression was used. RESULTS: The findings showed that EDF has less change of affecting individuals ≤9 years of age than ≥40 years of age (odds ratio [OR]: 0.58, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.35-0.95). Violence (OR: 3.07, 95% CI: 1.77-5.31), traffic accidents (OR: 1.50, 95% CI: 1.05-2.13), and sporting accidents (OR: 1.70, 95% CI: 1.19-2.44)] were associated with EDF. Regarding EDPF, the mandibular lateral incisors had a 10 times higher chance of being injured than canines and posterior teeth (OR: 10.43, 95% CI: 1.74-62.4). Those aged ≤9 years (OR: 0.21, 95% CI: 0.07-0.58) and 10-19 years (OR: 0.38, 95% CI: 0.17-0.88) had a significantly lower chance of being affected by RF. CONCLUSION: EDF and RF are associated with individuals ≥40 years of age; violence and traffic and sporting accidents are also associated with EDF, and mandibular incisors have a greater chance of being affected by EDPF.


Assuntos
Fraturas dos Dentes/etiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Brasil/epidemiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Esmalte Dentário/lesões , Polpa Dentária/lesões , Dentina/lesões , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores Sexuais , Fraturas dos Dentes/epidemiologia , Fraturas dos Dentes/patologia , Adulto Jovem
7.
J Dent ; 74: 71-78, 2018 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29689293

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To describe a method of measuring the molar cusp deformation using micro-computed tomography (micro-CT), the propagation of enamel cracks using transillumination, and the effects of hygroscopic expansion after incremental and bulk-filling resin composite restorations. METHODS: Twenty human molars received standardized Class II mesio-occlusal-distal cavity preparations. They were restored with either a bulk-fill resin composite, X-tra fil (XTRA), or a conventional resin composite, Filtek Z100 (Z100). The resin composites were tested for post-gel shrinkage using a strain gauge method. Cusp deformation (CD) was evaluated using the images obtained using a micro-CT protocol and using a strain-gauge method. Enamel cracks were detected using transillumination. RESULTS: The post-gel shrinkage of Z100 was higher than XTRA (P < 0.001). The amount of cusp deformation produced using Z100 was higher compared to XTRA, irrespective of the measurement method used (P < 0.001). The thinner lingual cusp always had a higher CD than the buccal cusp, irrespective of the measurement method (P < 0.001). A positive correlation (r = 0.78) was found between cusp deformation measured by micro-CT or by the strain-gauge method. After hygroscopic expansion of the resin composite, the cusp displacement recovered around 85% (P < 0.001). After restoration, Z100 produced more cracks than XTRA (P = 0.012). CONCLUSIONS: Micro-CT was an effective method for evaluating the cusp deformation. Transillumination was effective for detecting enamel cracks. There were fewer negative effects of polymerization shrinkage in bulk-fill resin restorations using XTRA than for the conventional incremental filling technique using conventional composite resin Z100. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Shrinkage and cusp deformation are directly related to the formation of enamel cracks. Cusp deformation and crack propagation may increase the risk of tooth fracture.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas/química , Esmalte Dentário/lesões , Esmalte Dentário/patologia , Restauração Dentária Permanente/métodos , Dente Molar/diagnóstico por imagem , Dente Molar/patologia , Microtomografia por Raio-X/métodos , Preparo da Cavidade Dentária/métodos , Esmalte Dentário/diagnóstico por imagem , Materiais Dentários/química , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Metacrilatos/química , Polimerização , Dióxido de Silício/química , Estresse Mecânico , Zircônio/química
8.
Int J Dent Hyg ; 16(2): 219-224, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29532597

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyse the enamel damage caused by ultrasonic scaling of teeth with various enamel conditions that are difficult to identify by visual inspection, such as enamel cracks, early caries and resin restorations. METHODS: In total, 120 tooth surfaces were divided into 4 experimental groups using a quantitative light-induced fluorescence-digital system: sound enamel group, enamel cracks group, early caries group and resin restoration group. A skilled dental hygienist performed ultrasonic scaling under a standardized set of conditions: a ≤ 15° angle between the scaler tip and tooth surface and 40-80 g of lateral pressure at the rate of 12 times/10 s. Following scaling, the depth of enamel damage was measured using a surface profilometer and observed using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). RESULTS: The damage depth was the greatest in the enamel cracks group (37.63 ± 34.42 µm), followed by the early caries group (26.81 ± 8.67 µm), resin restoration group (19.63 ± 6.73 µm) and the sound enamel group (17.00 ± 5.66 µm). The damage depth was significantly deeper in the enamel cracks and early caries groups than in the sound enamel group (P < .05). SEM clearly revealed enamel loss in the enamel cracks, early caries and resin restoration groups. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study suggest that ultrasonic scaling can cause further damage to teeth with enamel cracks, early caries and resin restorations. Therefore, accurate identification of tooth conditions and calculus before the initiation of ultrasonic scaling is necessary to minimize damage.


Assuntos
Esmalte Dentário/lesões , Raspagem Dentária/efeitos adversos , Terapia por Ultrassom/efeitos adversos , Cárie Dentária/complicações , Restauração Dentária Permanente/efeitos adversos , Fluorescência , Humanos , Técnicas In Vitro , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Propriedades de Superfície
9.
Eur J Orthod ; 40(6): 636-648, 2018 11 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29474541

RESUMO

Objectives: To evaluate and compare the enamel microcracks (EMCs) characteristics (qualitative and quantitative) in the form of tooth damage before and after debonding from human teeth of in vitro studies. Eligibility criteria: Laboratorial studies evaluating EMCs characteristics before and after debonding metal and ceramic brackets from human teeth with intact buccal enamel. Information sources: An electronic search of four databases (all databases of the Cochrane Library, CA Web of Science, MEDLINE via PubMed, and Google Scholar) and additional manual searches were carried out, without language restrictions. Studies published between 2000 and 2017 years were selected. Reference lists of the included articles were screened, and authors were contacted when necessary. Risk of bias: The following six parameters were analyzed: blinding of examiner and outcome assessment, incomplete outcome data before bonding and after debonding, selective outcome reporting, and incomplete reporting of EMCs assessment. Included studies: Out of 430 potentially eligible studies, 259 were screened by title and abstract, 180 were selected for full-text analysis, 14 were included in the systematic review. Seven studies were selected for the meta-analysis. Synthesis of results: The results for EMCs characteristics were expressed as mean differences (MDs) with their 95 per cent confidence intervals (CIs), and calculated from random-effects meta-analyses. Debonding was associated with the increase in number (three studies, MD = 3.50, 95% CI, 2.13 to 4.87, P < 0.00001), length (seven studies, MD = 3.09 mm, 95% CI, 0.75-5.43, P < 0.00001), and width (three studies, MD = 0.39 µm, 95% CI, -0.01 to 0.79, P = 0.06) of EMCs. Considerable statistical heterogeneity was found for two forest plots evaluating the changes of number and length characteristics during debonding. Conclusions: There is weak evidence indicating length and width of EMCs increase following bracket removal and the scientific evidence concerning quantitative evaluation of the number parameter before and after debonding is insufficient. However, there is a strong evidence that after debonding the number of EMCs is likely to increase. Registration: No registration was performed.


Assuntos
Descolagem Dentária/efeitos adversos , Esmalte Dentário/lesões , Braquetes Ortodônticos/efeitos adversos , Viés , Cerâmica , Humanos
10.
São José dos Campos; s.n; 2018. 117 p. il., tab., graf..
Tese em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-980037

RESUMO

Objetivo: avaliar a influência do tratamento de superfície com plasma não térmico de argônio (PLA) na resistência de união de cimentos resinosos ao esmalte, à dentina e à cerâmica de dissilicato de lítio. Observar, no esmalte e na dentina, através de espectroscopia de infravermelho por transformada de Fourier (FTIR) os compostos inorgânicos e da cromatografia gasosa a alteração dos compostos orgânicos voláteis nas condições experimentais propostas. Material e Método: Foram avaliados 3 cimentos resinosos: Variolink Esthetic LC e N (Ivoclar Vivadent), e Panavia V5 (Kuraray). Foram utilizados 240 dentes bovinos, dos quais 150 tiveram a superfície do esmalte exposta e 90 a de dentina. Foram obtidas 150 lâminas de cerâmica de dissilicato de lítio (12 x 14 x 0,5 mm). Os grupos foram divididos de acordo com o tratamento de superfície e o substrato. Os tratamentos para as superfícies de esmalte e dentina foram: EA (esmalte/ácido fosfórico); DA (dentina/ácido fosfórico); EPS (esmalte/PLA 30 s); EPM (esmalte/PLA 1 min); DPS (dentina/PLA 30 s); EAPS (esmalte/ácido fosfórico/PLA 30 s) e EAPM (esmalte/ácido fosfórico/PLA 1 min); e, DAPS (dentina/ácido fosfórico/PLA 30 s). Os tratamentos para as superfícies da cerâmica foram: CA (cerâmica/ácido fluorídrico), CPS (cerâmica/PLA 30 s); CPM (cerâmica/PLA 1 min); CAPS (cerâmica/ácido fluorídrico/PLA 30 s) e CAPM (cerâmica/ácido fluorídrico/PLA 1 min). Posterior aos tratamentos, cilindros dos cimentos resinosos (0,8 mm/1,5 mm) foram confeccionados sobre as superfícies dos substratos. Após 48 h, os espécimes foram submetidos ao ensaio mecânico de microcisalhamento (10 Kgf/1 mm/min) até a fratura. A área fraturada foi analisada em estereomicroscópio. As superfícies tratadas e a interface adesiva foram analisadas por Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura (MEV). Através do FTIR foram observados os espectros de amostras tratadas de esmalte e dentina. Os dados da resistência de união foram submetidos à análise estatística ANOVA e teste de Tukey (5%). Resultados: Para o esmalte os tratamentos de superfície não apresentaram diferença estatisticamente significante entre si; para a dentina o grupo DPS apresentou os maiores valores de resistência de união; e, para a cerâmica o tratamento CA apresentou os maiores valores de resistência de união. Para esmalte e dentina, o FTIR, mostrou alterações do conteúdo da água, carbonato e fosfato e a cromatografia gasosa das substâncias orgânicas voláteis. Conclusão: O tratamento de superfície com PLA não influencia a resistência de união de cimentos resinosos ao esmalte, aumenta à dentina e diminui ao dissilicato de lítio. As análises observacionais no FTIR sugerem que o plasma não altera compostos do esmalte e da dentina(AU)


Objective: to evaluate the influence of surface treatment with non - thermal argon plasma (PLA) on bond strength of resin cements to enamel, dentin and lithium disilicate glass ceramic; and, to observe, through Fourier Transform Modified Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR), the inorganic compounds and through gas chromatography, the alteration of the volatile organic compounds, on the enamel and dentin, under the experimental conditions. Material and Method: Three resin cements: Variolink Esthetic LC and N (Ivoclar Vivadent) and Panavia V5 (Kuraray) were evaluated. Twenty hundred and forty bovine teeth were used, among which 150 specimens with enamel surface exposure and 90 with dentine exposure. One hundred and fifty lithium disilicate glass ceramic slices (12 x 14 x 0.5 mm) were obtained. The groups were divided according to the substrate and surface treatment. The treatments for enamel and dentin surfaces were: EA (enamel / phosphoric acid); DA (dentin / phosphoric acid); EPS (enamel / PLA 30 s); EPM (enamel / PLA 1 min); DPS (dentin / PLA 30 s); EAPS (enamel / phosphoric acid / PLA 30 s) and EAPM (enamel / phosphoric acid / PLA 1 min); and, DAPS (dentin / phosphoric acid / PLA 30 s). The treatments for the ceramic surfaces were: CA (ceramic / hydrofluoric acid), CPS (ceramic / PLA 30 s); CPM (ceramic / PLA 1 min); CAPS (ceramic / hydrofluoric acid / PLA 30s) and CAPM (ceramic / hydrofluoric acid / PLA 1 min). After the treatments, resin cement cylinders (0.8 mm / 1.5 mm) were built on the substrate's surfaces. After 48 h storage bond strength tests (µSBS) were performed in a universal testing machine (10 Kgf / 1 mm / min) until failure to fracture, and failure mode was analyzed under a stereomicroscope. The treated surfaces and the adhesive interface were analyzed by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). The FTIR was used to observe the spectra of enamel and dentin treated samples. Bond strength data were submitted to ANOVA and Tukey test (5%). Results: for the enamel there was not a statistically significant difference among surface treatments; for the dentin, the DPS group presented the highest bond strength; and for the ceramic the AC treatment presented the highest values of bond strength. For the enamel and the dentin samples, the FTIR observations showed changes in water, carbonate and phosphate contents and the gas chromatography in the volatile organic substances. Conclusion: Surface treatment with PLA does not influence the bond strength of resin cements to the enamel, increases the bonding to dentin and decreases to the lithium disilicate. Observational analysis on FTIR suggest that non-thermal plasma does not alter enamel and dentin compounds(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Plasma/metabolismo , Argônio/análise , Cerâmica/efeitos adversos , Esmalte Dentário/lesões , Dentina/inervação
11.
Ortodoncia ; 81(162): 44-47, jul.-dic. 2017. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-916702

RESUMO

El procedimiento clínico de descementado de brackets es crítico para el esmalte. La superficie dentaria queda dañada después de este paso clínico, que, en un principio, parecería sencillo e inocuo. El propósito de este trabajo fue examinar la superficie del esmalte luego del descementado y pulido final. Para tal fin se utilizó la magnificación de imágenes, mediante el empleo de un microscopio óptico de luz coaxial. La muestra incluyó el análisis de 10 arcadas superiores de pacientes en la etapa final de tratamiento.


The clinical procedure of debonding of brackets is critical for the enamel. The dental surface remains damaged after this clinical step, which in principle would seem simple and harmless. The purpose of this work was to examine the surface of the enamel after debonding and final polishing. For such purpose the image magnification was used, by means of an optical microscope of coaxial light. The sample included the analysis of 10 upper arches of patients in the final of treatmente.


Assuntos
Cimentos Dentários , Descolagem Dentária , Descolagem Dentária/instrumentação , Descolagem Dentária/métodos , Esmalte Dentário/lesões , Microscopia , Braquetes Ortodônticos , Propriedades de Superfície
12.
J Contemp Dent Pract ; 18(10): 859-866, 2017 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28989121

RESUMO

AIM: This study evaluated the efficacy of self-etching adhesive systems associated or not associated with the neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet (Nd:YAG) laser on the protection against enamel erosive/abrasive wear. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Bovine enamel specimens were demineralized with 0.3% citric acid (5 minutes). The samples were randomly assigned to eight groups (n = 20): SB - Single Bond Universal (3M/ESPE); SB+L - Single Bond Universal + laser (80 mJ/10 Hz); FB - Futurabond U (Voco); FB+L -Futurabond U + laser; GEN - G-aenial bond (GC); GEN+L -G-aenial bond + laser; L - laser irradiation; and C - no treatment. The laser was applied before light curing. The samples were subjected to erosive/abrasive challenges (0.3% citric acid - 2 minutes and tooth brushing four times daily for 5 days). Enamel surface loss was recovered profilometrically by comparison of baseline and final profiles. The adhesive layer thickness, retention percentage of the protective layer, and microhardness of cured adhesive were measured. Data were analyzed using one-way analysis of variance and Tukey's test (5%). RESULTS: There were significant differences for all parameters (p = 0.0001). Mean values ± SD and results of the Tukey's test were: Surface wear: GEN - 4.88 (±1.09)a, L - 5.04 ± 0.99)a, FB - 5.32 (±0.93)ab, GEN + L - 5.46 (±1.27)abc, SB + L - 5.78 (±1.12)abc, FB + L - 6.23 (±1.25)bc, SB - 6.35 (±1.11)c, and C - 6.46 (±0.61)c; layer thickness: GEN - 15.2 (±8.63)c, FB - 5.06 (±1.96)a, GEN + L - 13.96 (±7.07)bc, SB + L - 4.24 (±2.68)a, FB + L - 9.03 (±13.02)abc, and SB - 7.49 (±2.80)ab; retention: GEN - 68.89 (±20.62)c, FB - 54.53 (±24.80)abc, GEN + L - 59.90 (±19.79)abc, SB + L - 63.37 (±19.30)bc, FB + L - 42.23 (±17.68) a, and SB - 47.78 (±18.29)ab; microhardness: GEN - 9.27 (±1.75)c; FB - 6.99 (±0.89)b; GEN + L - 6.22 (±0.87)ab; SB + L - 15.48 (±2.51)d; FB + L - 10.67 (±1.58)c; SB - 5.00 (±1.60)a. CONCLUSION: The application of Futurabond U and G-aenial bond on enamel surface, as well as the Nd:YAG laser irradiation alone, was able to reduce the enamel wear. The use of laser after the adhesive systems did not improve their efficacy. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Erosive/abrasive wear is a prevalent condition in clinical practice affecting many patients. The association of adhesive systems and Nd:YAG laser is of considerable clinical interest because it assesses new treatments to reduce the erosive/abrasive wear that would help dentists in clinical treatment decisions to reduce enamel wear and achieve a successful treatment.


Assuntos
Cimentos Dentários/uso terapêutico , Esmalte Dentário/lesões , Abrasão Dentária/prevenção & controle , Desgaste dos Dentes/prevenção & controle , Animais , Bovinos , Lasers de Estado Sólido/uso terapêutico
13.
Gen Dent ; 65(5): 55-60, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28862590

RESUMO

Evidence now supports the concept that the enamel on a tooth acts like a compression dome, much like the dome of a cathedral. With an overlying enamel compression dome, the underlying dentin is protected from damaging tensile forces. Disruption of a compression system leads to significant shifts in load pathways. The clinical restorative implications are significant and far-reaching. Cutting the wrong areas of a tooth exposes the underlying dentin to tensile forces that exceed natural design parameters. These forces lead to crack propagation, causing flexural pain and eventual fracture and loss of tooth structure. Improved understanding of the microanatomy of tooth structure and where it is safe to cut teeth has led to a revolution in dentistry that is known by several names, including microdentistry, minimally invasive dentistry, biomimetic dentistry, and bioemulation dentistry. These treatment concepts have developed due to a coalescence of principles of tooth microanatomy, material science, adhesive dentistry, and reinforcing techniques that, when applied together, will allow dentists to repair a compromised compression dome so that it more closely replicates the structure of the healthy tooth.


Assuntos
Esmalte Dentário/fisiologia , Restauração Dentária Permanente/métodos , Dentina/fisiologia , Fraturas dos Dentes/fisiopatologia , Fraturas dos Dentes/terapia , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Força de Mordida , Força Compressiva , Esmalte Dentário/lesões , Dentina/lesões , Humanos , Restaurações Intracoronárias , Estresse Mecânico , Propriedades de Superfície , Resistência à Tração
14.
Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop ; 152(3): 312-319, 2017 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28863911

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Iatrogenic damage to the tooth surface in the form of enamel tearouts can occur during removal of fixed orthodontic appliances. The aim of this study was to assess debonded metal and ceramic brackets attached with a variety of bonding materials to determine how frequently this type of damage occurs. METHODS: Eighty-one patients close to finishing fixed orthodontic treatment were recruited. They had metal brackets bonded with composite resin and a 2-step etch-and-bond technique or ceramic brackets bonded with composite resin and a 2-step etch-and- bond technique, and composite resin with a self-etching primer or resin-modified glass ionomer cement. Debonded brackets were examined by backscattered scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy to determine the presence and area of enamel on the base pad. RESULTS: Of the 486 brackets collected, 26.1% exhibited enamel on the bonding material on the bracket base pad. The incidences of enamel tearouts for each group were metal brackets, 13.3%; ceramic brackets, 30.2%; composite resin with self-etching primer, 38.2%; and resin-modified glass ionomer cement, 21.2%. The percentage of the bracket base pad covered in enamel was highly variable, ranging from 0% to 46.1%. CONCLUSIONS: Enamel damage regularly occurred during the debonding process with the degree of damage being highly variable. Damage occurred more frequently when ceramic brackets were used (31.9%) compared with metal brackets (13.3%). Removal of ceramic brackets bonded with resin-modified glass ionomer cement resulted in less damage compared with the resin bonding systems.


Assuntos
Descolagem Dentária/efeitos adversos , Esmalte Dentário/lesões , Braquetes Ortodônticos/efeitos adversos , Cerâmica/efeitos adversos , Cerâmica/uso terapêutico , Resinas Compostas/uso terapêutico , Dente Canino/lesões , Colagem Dentária/efeitos adversos , Colagem Dentária/métodos , Descolagem Dentária/métodos , Cimentos de Ionômeros de Vidro/efeitos adversos , Cimentos de Ionômeros de Vidro/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Incisivo/lesões , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura
15.
Stomatologiia (Mosk) ; 96(2): 75-78, 2017.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28514353

RESUMO

The article describes a structural element of natural teeth - mantle dentin. It has been shown that the presence of this element in the structure of a natural tooth largely ensures its strength under the influence of repeated loads in a functional oral environment and arrests crack growth at the enamel/dentine interface. This later effect is explained by the influence of a thin layer of mantle dentine, which has physical and mechanical characteristics different from that of the main dentin.


Assuntos
Esmalte Dentário/lesões , Esmalte Dentário/ultraestrutura , Materiais Dentários , Restauração Dentária Permanente/métodos , Dentina/ultraestrutura , Modelos Biológicos , Módulo de Elasticidade , Dureza , Humanos
16.
J Dent ; 61: 28-32, 2017 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28433536

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) can construct cross-sectional images of internal biological structures. The aim of this study was to evaluate enamel cracks at the cavosurface margin of composite restorations using SS-OCT. METHODS: Bowl-shaped cavities were prepared at two locations (mid-coronal and cervical regions) on the enamel surface of 60 bovine teeth. Half of the cavities (30) were treated with phosphoric acid gel. A two-step self-etch adhesive (Clearfil SE Bond) was applied to all cavities and a flowable composite was placed in bulk. After 7days in water at 37°C, three-dimensional (3D) images of the specimens were obtained using SS-OCT, and cross-sectional views of the cavosurface margin were examined. Presence and extent of enamel cracks along the cavosurface margin circumference were evaluated using a 5-point scale. The results were statistically compared with Wilcoxon rank sum test with Bonferroni correction. RESULTS: 3D SS-OCT could detect enamel cracks at the cavosurface margin of composite restorations. Cervical regions caused more enamel cracking than mid-coronal regions. Phosphoric acid etching increased the incidence of enamel cracks compared with the preparations without etching. CONCLUSION: SS-OCT can be used to detect enamel cracks at the margins of composite restorations noninvasively. Presence and extent of enamel cracks depended on the enamel region and bonding protocol. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: SS-OCT can be used to detect enamel cracks at the margins of composite restorations noninvasively. Selective phosphoric acid etching of the enamel significantly increased the incidence of marginal cracks, especially in cervical preparation.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária/diagnóstico por imagem , Esmalte Dentário/efeitos dos fármacos , Esmalte Dentário/diagnóstico por imagem , Esmalte Dentário/lesões , Restauração Dentária Permanente/efeitos adversos , Ácidos Fosfóricos/efeitos adversos , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica/métodos , Condicionamento Ácido do Dente , Animais , Bovinos , Resinas Compostas/química , Resinas Compostas/uso terapêutico , Cárie Dentária/induzido quimicamente , Cárie Dentária/terapia , Preparo da Cavidade Dentária , Adaptação Marginal Dentária , Restauração Dentária Permanente/métodos , Adesivos Dentinários , Microscopia Confocal , Cimentos de Resina , Propriedades de Superfície
17.
Eur Arch Paediatr Dent ; 18(2): 83-89, 2017 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28236281

RESUMO

AIM: To determine the effect of different types of dental trauma on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) among pre-school children. METHODS: Four hundred fifty-nine Brazilian pre-schoolers aged 3-5 years were submitted to an oral examination in the school environment for the evaluation of dental trauma using the criteria proposed by Andreasen et al. (2007). Parents answered a questionnaire on the OHRQoL of the children using the Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (ECOHIS) and another one on socio-demographic characteristics of the children and their families. The questionnaires were sent to the parents to be answered at home. Descriptive statistics, Mann-Whitney test and Poisson regression were used for statistical analysis. RESULTS: Children with dark discolouration and enamel-dentine fracture without pulp exposure had higher mean ECOHIS scores than those without these alterations. The multivariate regression analysis demonstrated that pre-school children with dark discolouration (PR 1.79; 95% CI 1.24-2.58) and enamel-dentine fracture without pulp exposure (PR 1.89; 95% CI 1.22-2.92) had a higher impact on quality of life than those without these alterations. CONCLUSION: Dark discolouration and enamel-dentine fracture without pulp exposure were associated with a negative impact on the life of pre-schoolers.


Assuntos
Esmalte Dentário/lesões , Dentina/lesões , Qualidade de Vida , Descoloração de Dente/psicologia , Fraturas dos Dentes/psicologia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Bucal , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Descoloração de Dente/epidemiologia , Fraturas dos Dentes/epidemiologia
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28196166

RESUMO

This article presents a clinical protocol to reconstruct two accidentally damaged maxillary central incisors using composite resin material and a fractured tooth component. A patient was referred to the clinic with fracture of the two maxillary central incisors. Clinical examination revealed that both teeth were fractured in the middle third of the crown and that the fractures involved enamel and dentin with no pulp exposure. The patient had also suffered a lower lip laceration. When the lip was evaluated, a fractured fragment of the maxillary right central incisor was found inside the wound. The missing part of the tooth was replaced via adhesive attachment. Due to the damage of the fractured part of the maxillary left central incisor, direct composite restoration of this tooth was performed. With the advent of adhesive dentistry, the process of fragment reattachment has become simplified and more reliable. This procedure provides improved function, is faster to perform, and provides long-lasting effects, indicating that reattachment of a coronal fragment is a realistic alternative to placement of conventional resin composite restorations.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas , Restauração Dentária Permanente/métodos , Saúde Holística , Incisivo/lesões , Fraturas dos Dentes/terapia , Condicionamento Ácido do Dente , Adulto , Resinas Compostas/química , Colagem Dentária/métodos , Esmalte Dentário/química , Esmalte Dentário/lesões , Dentina/química , Dentina/lesões , Adesivos Dentinários , Estética Dentária , Feminino , Humanos , Incisivo/diagnóstico por imagem , Incisivo/patologia , Lacerações , Lábio/diagnóstico por imagem , Lábio/lesões , Maxila , Cimentos de Resina , Coroa do Dente/lesões , Coroa do Dente/patologia
19.
Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop ; 151(2): 284-291, 2017 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28153157

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Our aim was to assess the possible changes in sensitivity of teeth with and without visible enamel microcracks (EMCs) up to 1 week after the removal of metal brackets. METHODS: After debonding, 15 patients possessing teeth with visible EMCs and 15 subjects whose teeth were free of EMCs were enrolled in the study. For each experimental group, a control group was formed. The assessments of tooth sensitivity elicited by compressed air and cold testing were performed 5 times: just before debonding, immediately after debonding, and at 1, 3, and 7 days after debonding. Tooth sensitivity was recorded on a 100-mm visual analog scale. RESULTS: For the patients without visible EMCs, discomfort peaked immediately after debonding and started to decrease on day 1; at 1 week after debonding, the visual analog scale scores were lower than just before debonding and immediately after debonding. For the subjects possessing teeth with visible EMCs, the pattern of sensitivity dynamic was inherently the same. However, the patients with visible EMCs showed higher visual analog scale values at each time interval. CONCLUSIONS: Debonding leads to a short-term increase in tooth sensitivity. EMCs, a form of enamel damage, do not predispose to greater sensitivity perception in relation to bracket removal.


Assuntos
Descolagem Dentária/efeitos adversos , Esmalte Dentário/lesões , Sensibilidade da Dentina/etiologia , Adolescente , Esmalte Dentário/patologia , Humanos , Autorrelato
20.
Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop ; 151(2): 292-296, 2017 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28153158

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Our objective was to assess the amounts of adhesive remnant and enamel damage when removing composite under conventional lighting and ultraviolet (UV) light. METHODS: Thirty-eight premolars were divided into 2 groups according to the lighting used for adhesive removal. A multifluted tungsten-carbide bur at low speed was used for this process in both groups. The UV group received conventional lighting associated with UV light, and the conventional group received conventional lighting only. The amounts of adhesive remnant were calculated using images of the teeth taken under UV light with software. Scanning electron microscopy images of epoxy adhesive replicas of the teeth made before bonding and after adhesive removal were graded according to the enamel damage index (EDI), and the difference between the final and initial EDI scores was used for assessment of the enamel damage. To detect differences between the groups, the Mann-Whitney test was used to analyze the data from the adhesive remnant index and the EDI. RESULTS: The conventional group had more adhesive left on the enamel (P <0.001) than did the UV group. There was no difference between groups for the EDI (P = 0.729). CONCLUSIONS: UV lighting allows significantly more adhesive removal without increasing the damage caused to the enamel.


Assuntos
Cimentos Dentários , Descolagem Dentária , Esmalte Dentário/lesões , Esmalte Dentário/patologia , Raios Ultravioleta , Humanos , Técnicas In Vitro , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura
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