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1.
Biomolecules ; 13(1)2023 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36671497

RESUMO

A recent report showed that most pediatric cases of non-eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) eosinophilic gastrointestinal disorders (EGIDs) (non-EoE EGIDs) are persistent and severe compared with those of EoE, thus requiring further effective therapeutic approaches. In this study, we present the first case based on a systematic search of non-EoE EGID for which tolerance to causative foods and histological and symptomatic improvements were achieved following dupilumab administration, after elimination diets and omalizumab and mepolizumab treatments. Driven by this case, we investigated the efficacies of biological treatments in non-EoE EGID cases based on the patient studied herein, and other patients identified in the conducted systematic review. Seven articles, including five different biologics, were reviewed. Both clinical efficacies and impact differences among the targeted molecules are demonstrated in this study. Our findings show that dupilumab may affect mechanisms that can suppress symptoms induced by offending foods that are different from those induced by other biologics as identified in the conducted systematic review. Additional studies are required to address the unmet needs of non-EoE EGID treatments.


Assuntos
Produtos Biológicos , Esofagite , Criança , Humanos , Tolerância a Medicamentos , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
Cir Pediatr ; 36(1): 5-11, 2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36629342

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Recent guidelines made recommendations for the management of gastroesophageal reflux in patients with esophageal atresia (EA). However, the timing for some diagnostic tests remained somehow unclear. This investigation studied the tests for gastroesophageal reflux in children aged one year old and children aged two or three. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with EA who underwent Multichannel Intraluminal Impedance-pH monitoring (MII-pH) and endoscopy-histology were studied retrospectively. Patients aged one when the test was performed were the YO group and patients aged two or three years old formed the OL group. Substantially impaired MII-pH was defined as total number of reflux episodes >105 or >85 (depending on age), or reflux index >10%. Substantially impaired endoscopy was defined as erosive esophagitis or Barrett's esophagus. Substantially impaired histology was defined as moderate-severe esophagitis or Barrett's esophagus. Conventional parameters and substantially impaired values of the tests were compared. RESULTS: Twenty-four patients were studied. Twenty-three MII-pH were performed (12 in YO and 11 in OL): percentages of abnormal conventional parameters of MII-pH were not significantly different in both groups. Twenty endoscopies with biopsies were performed (7 in YO and 13 in OL): percentages of esophagitis were not significantly different. Interestingly, 26.9% of all the tests performed in YO were substantially impaired vs. 10.8% of all the tests in OL (χ2 = 2.7; p = 0.1). CONCLUSION: Considering the percentage of alarming results of diagnostic tests in the YO group it would be advisable that patients with EA undergo MII-pH and endoscopy-histology at one year of age.


OBJETIVOS: Recientemente se han publicado recomendaciones para el manejo del reflujo gastroesofágico en pacientes con atresia de esófago (AE). Sin embargo, el momento de realización de algunas pruebas no está completamente aclarado. Esta investigación evalúa las pruebas para reflujo gastroesofágico en niños de 1 año y niños de 2-3 años. MATERIAL Y METODOS: Estudio retrospectivo de pacientes con AE sometidos a impedanciometría-phmetría (IMpH) y a endoscopia-histología. Los pacientes con 1 año en el momento de la prueba formaron el grupo MEN, y los pacientes con 2-3 años, el grupo MAY. Se consideró IMpH sustancialmente alterada aquella con un número total de reflujos >105 o >85 (según la edad), o un índice de reflujo >10%. La endoscopia se consideró sustancialmente alterada si presentaba esofagitis erosiva o esófago de Barrett. La histología se consideró sustancialmente alterada si presentaba esofagitis severa-moderada o esófago de Barrett. Se compararon los parámetros convencionales y los sustancialmente alterados. RESULTADOS: Se estudiaron 24 pacientes. Se realizaron 23 IMpH (12 en el grupo MEN y 11 en el MAY); los porcentajes de los parámetros convencionales patológicos no fueron estadísticamente diferentes en ambos grupos. Se realizaron 20 endoscopias (7 en el grupo MEN y 13 en el MAY); los porcentajes de esofagitis no fueron estadísticamente diferentes. El 26,9% de todas las pruebas en el grupo MEN resultaron sustancialmente alteradas, frente al 10,8% en el MAY (χ2 = 2,7; p = 0,1). CONCLUSION: Teniendo en cuenta el porcentaje de resultados alarmantes en el grupo MEN, sería recomendable realizar una IMpH y una endoscopia con biopsias a los pacientes con AE a la edad de un año.


Assuntos
Esôfago de Barrett , Atresia Esofágica , Esofagite , Refluxo Gastroesofágico , Criança , Humanos , Pré-Escolar , Atresia Esofágica/complicações , Atresia Esofágica/diagnóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Esôfago de Barrett/diagnóstico , Monitoramento do pH Esofágico/métodos , Refluxo Gastroesofágico/diagnóstico , Esofagite/diagnóstico , Testes Diagnósticos de Rotina
3.
J Am Coll Surg ; 236(1): 58-70, 2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36519909

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) is an effective intervention for achalasia, but GERD is a major postoperative adverse event. This study aimed to characterize post-POEM GERD and identify preoperative or technical factors impacting development or severity of GERD. STUDY DESIGN: This is a retrospective review of patients who underwent POEM at our institution. Favorable outcome was defined as postoperative Eckardt score of 3 or less. Subjective GERD was defined as symptoms consistent with reflux. Objective GERD was based on a DeMeester score greater than 14.7 or Los Angeles grade C or D esophagitis. Severe GERD was defined as a DeMeester score greater than 50.0 or Los Angeles grade D esophagitis Preoperative clinical and objective data and technical surgical elements were compared between those with and without GERD. Multivariate logistic analysis was performed to identify factors associated with each GERD definition. RESULTS: A total of 183 patients underwent POEM. At a mean ± SD follow-up of 21.7 ± 20.7 months, 93.4% achieved favorable outcome. Subjective, objective, and severe objective GERD were found in 38.8%, 50.5%, and 19.2% of patients, respectively. Of those with objective GERD, 24.0% had no reflux symptoms. Women were more likely to report GERD symptoms (p = 0.007), but objective GERD rates were similar between sexes (p = 0.606). The independent predictors for objective GERD were normal preoperative diameter of esophagus (odds ratio [OR] 3.4; p = 0.008) and lower esophageal sphincter (LES) pressure less than 45 mmHg (OR 1.86; p = 0.027). The independent predictors for severe objective GERD were LES pressure less than 45 mmHg (OR 6.57; p = 0.007) and obesity (OR 5.03; p = 0.005). The length of esophageal or gastric myotomy or indication of procedure had no impact on the incidence or severity of GERD. CONCLUSION: The rate of pathologic GERD after POEM is higher than symptomatic GERD. A nonhypertensive preoperative LES is a predictor for post-POEM GERD. No modifiable factors impact GERD after POEM.


Assuntos
Acalasia Esofágica , Esofagite , Refluxo Gastroesofágico , Miotomia , Cirurgia Endoscópica por Orifício Natural , Humanos , Feminino , Esfíncter Esofágico Inferior/cirurgia , Incidência , Acalasia Esofágica/diagnóstico , Miotomia/efeitos adversos , Miotomia/métodos , Refluxo Gastroesofágico/epidemiologia , Refluxo Gastroesofágico/etiologia , Refluxo Gastroesofágico/cirurgia , Esofagite/complicações , Causalidade , Resultado do Tratamento , Cirurgia Endoscópica por Orifício Natural/efeitos adversos , Cirurgia Endoscópica por Orifício Natural/métodos , Esofagoscopia/métodos
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(47): e32015, 2022 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36451505

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Gastrointestinal symptoms are most commonly observed in patients with diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), which usually resolves completely with therapy. However, gastrointestinal symptoms may persist after DKA is resolved. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 22-year-old female was admitted to hospital for epigastric pain and persistent vomiting. The results of laboratory examination showed fungal esophagitis complicated by DKA. DIAGNOSIS: The patient was diagnosed with DKA associated with ascariasis and fungal esophagitis. OUTCOME: The patient was discharged after treatment. LESSONS: In this case, despite the correction of metabolic acidosis, persistent nausea, vomiting and dysphagia can be a sign of esophagitis in patients with type 1 diabetes. Therefore, physicians should be aware of fungal infections associated with type 1 diabetes.


Assuntos
Ascaríase , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1 , Cetoacidose Diabética , Esofagite , Micoses , Feminino , Humanos , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Cetoacidose Diabética/complicações , Cetoacidose Diabética/diagnóstico , Ascaríase/complicações , Ascaríase/diagnóstico , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/complicações , Vômito/etiologia
5.
Korean J Gastroenterol ; 80(6): 262-266, 2022 Dec 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36567439

RESUMO

Esophageal abscess caused by acute phlegmonous esophagitis is rare but life-threatening. Rapid abscess drainage is an important part of the treatment, and endoscope-assisted intra-luminal abscess drainage is frequently performed. Although endoscopic drainage is less invasive than surgery, it has the potential to cause esophageal stricture as a complication. We present a rare case of esophageal stricture as a complication of intra-luminal drainage and evaluate a method to minimize the incidence of esophageal stricture complications.


Assuntos
Estenose Esofágica , Esofagite , Humanos , Abscesso/diagnóstico , Abscesso/etiologia , Estenose Esofágica/diagnóstico , Estenose Esofágica/etiologia , Estenose Esofágica/terapia , Esofagite/complicações , Esofagite/diagnóstico , Drenagem
7.
World J Gastroenterol ; 28(44): 6294-6309, 2022 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36504556

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Fexuprazan, a novel potassium-competitive acid blocker, reversibly suppresses the K+/H+-ATPase enzyme in proton pumps within gastric parietal cells. Fexuprazan's suppression of gastric acid was maintained in healthy individuals for 24 h in a dose-dependent manner. AIM: To compare fexuprazan to esomeprazole and establish its efficacy and safety in patients with erosive esophagitis (EE). METHODS: Korean adult patients with endoscopically confirmed EE were randomized 1:1 to receive fexuprazan 40 mg or esomeprazole 40 mg once daily for eight weeks. The primary endpoint was the proportion of patients with healed EE confirmed by endoscopy at week 8. The secondary endpoints included the healing rate of EE at week 4, symptom response, and quality of life assessment. Safety profiles and serum gastrin levels were compared between the groups. RESULTS: Of the 263 randomized, 218 completed the study per protocol (fexuprazan 40 mg, n = 107; esomeprazole 40 mg, n = 111). Fexuprazan was non-inferior to esomeprazole regarding the healing rate at week 8 [99.1% (106/107) vs 99.1% (110/111)]. There were no between-group differences in the EE healing rate at week 4 [90.3% (93/103) vs 88.5% (92/104)], symptom responses, and quality of life assessments. Additionally, serum gastrin levels at weeks 4 and 8 and drug-related side effects did not significantly differ between the groups. CONCLUSION: Fexuprazan 40 mg is non-inferior to esomeprazole 40 mg in EE healing at week 8. We suggest that fexuprazan is an alternative promising treatment option to PPIs for patients with EE.


Assuntos
Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos , Esofagite , Úlcera Péptica , Adulto , Humanos , Esomeprazol/efeitos adversos , Gastrinas , Qualidade de Vida , ATPase Trocadora de Hidrogênio-Potássio
8.
Ann Palliat Med ; 11(12): 3620-3625, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36571169

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Data is lacking as to the clinical presentation of erosive esophagitis (EE) in neurologically impaired children compared to non-neurologically impaired children (non-NIC). To determinate the clinical presentation, associations, management, and outcomes of EE in neurologically impaired children compared to children without neurologic impairment. METHODS: Retrospective chart review of all esophagogastroduodenoscopies performed in pediatric patients at the University of Mississippi Medical Center from 1998 to 2020 with the diagnosis of EE. Fisher's exact test was used to compare results from neurologically impaired children group and non-NIC. A probability <0.05 was considered statistically significant. RESULTS: Forty-seven patients were diagnosed with EE and met study criteria. Twenty-six patients were neurologically impaired children, and 21 were non-neurologically impaired children. No significant difference was seen between age at diagnosis, sex, or hematologic markers of anemia. The most common indication for esophagogastroduodenoscopies in neurologically impaired children was hematemesis (65.4%), whereas abdominal pain (33.3%) was the most common in non-NIC. Neurologically impaired children were more likely to be treated with acid-blockade. Nine neurologically impaired children had gastrostomy tubes prior to diagnosis as opposed to 0 non-neurologically impaired children. After diagnosis, 8 neurologically impaired children underwent gastrostomy tube placement compared to 0 non-neurologically impaired children, and fundoplication was performed in 11 neurologically impaired children as compared to 1 non-NIC. The sensitivity of fecal occult blood test for detecting EE was higher for neurologically impaired children (91.7%) than for non-NIC (33.3%). CONCLUSIONS: EE in neurologically impaired children presents differently than in non-neurologically impaired children with blood loss being the most common presentation in neurologically impaired children. Neurologically impaired children are more likely to be treated with acid-blockade prior to diagnosis, likely due to heightened risk for gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Additionally, they are more likely to undergo surgical management of EE than non-neurologically impaired children.


Assuntos
Esofagite , Refluxo Gastroesofágico , Humanos , Criança , Estudos Retrospectivos , Refluxo Gastroesofágico/complicações , Refluxo Gastroesofágico/terapia , Fundoplicatura/métodos , Esofagite/complicações , Endoscopia
9.
BMJ Case Rep ; 15(11)2022 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36368731

RESUMO

An immunocompetent man in his 20s presented with a 24-hour history of severe odynophagia, nausea, vomiting and throat pain. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) revealed severe esophagitis with ulcerated mucosa, exudative debris, haemorrhage and multiple erosions. Biopsy of the oesophageal tissue demonstrated marginated chromatin, multinucleated giant cells and molding of nuclei, consistent with herpes simplex virus esophagitis (HSE). Treatment with oral acyclovir led to the complete resolution of symptoms. The patient subsequently developed dysphagia again, 8 months later. EGD showed furrowing and concentric rings typical of eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE), a diagnosis confirmed by biopsy. Treatment with a proton pump inhibitor and swallowed topical corticosteroids led to symptomatic improvement. Thus, HSE can occur in immunocompetent hosts and on occasion, HSE may be a harbinger of EoE, as evidenced by our extensive literature review. Mechanical disruption of the mucosal barrier by viruses, facilitating food allergen penetration, and associated immunological signaling abnormalities may be responsible phenomena requiring further elucidation.


Assuntos
Transtornos de Deglutição , Esofagite Eosinofílica , Esofagite , Herpes Simples , Masculino , Adulto Jovem , Humanos , Esofagite Eosinofílica/complicações , Esofagite Eosinofílica/diagnóstico , Esofagite Eosinofílica/tratamento farmacológico , Esofagite/diagnóstico , Herpes Simples/complicações , Herpes Simples/diagnóstico , Herpes Simples/tratamento farmacológico , Simplexvirus , Dor
10.
J Cancer Res Ther ; 18(6): 1706-1715, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36412433

RESUMO

Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of various radiobiological models in predicting the occurrence of acute esophagitis (AE) during radiation therapy (RT) of head, neck, and thoracic tumors with concurrent and sequential chemotherapy. According to recent studies, the probability of AE following RT by normal tissue complication probability models is predictable. Materials and Methods: A total of 100 patients with nasopharynx, larynx, Hodgkin's lymphoma, spinal metastases, and oral cavity and lung tumors were included in the study. Half of these patients were treated by concurrent chemo-radiotherapy (Con. CRT) and the other half were treated by radiotherapy alone or sequential chemo-radiotherapy (RT + seq. CRT). Radiobiological models of several types were used as follows,: Lyman-generalized equivalent uniform dose (gEUD), Lyman-MED, log-logistic, logit, and logistic. Parameters were estimated using maximum likelihood estimation, and models were compared using Akaike information criteria. Results: Based on follow-up data, the behavior of dose-response curves differed markedly between the Con. CRT and RT + seq. CRT groups. The best fit with clinical results was offered by the Lyman-MED model for the Con. CRT group and the Lyman-gEUD model for the RT + seq. CRT group. Depending on the model used, the parameter of D50 was considerably lower (up to three times) in the Con. CRT group compared to the RT + seq. CRT group. Conclusions: The incidence of AE significantly differed between the two treatment groups in all the models. New parameter estimates could be used for predicting the probability of acute esophagitis after chemo-RT.


Assuntos
Esofagite , Laringe , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Humanos , Esofagite/etiologia , Esofagite/patologia , Pescoço/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/radioterapia , Laringe/patologia , Tórax/patologia
11.
J Med Case Rep ; 16(1): 429, 2022 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36345027

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Opportunistic infections are frequent in people living with the human immunodeficiency virus who either do not have access to antiretroviral therapy (ART) or use it irregularly. Tuberculosis is the most frequent infectious disease in PLHIV and can predispose patients to severe fungal infections with dire consequences. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe the case of a 35-year-old Brazilian man living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) for 10 years. He reported no adherence to ART and a history of histoplasmosis with hospitalization for 1 month in a public hospital in Natal, Brazil. The diagnosis was disseminated Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection. He was transferred to the health service in Recife, Brazil, with a worsening condition characterized by daily fevers, dyspnea, pain in the upper and lower limbs, cough, dysphagia, and painful oral lesions suggestive of candidiasis. Lymphocytopenia and high viral loads were found. After screening for infections, the patient was diagnosed with tuberculous pericarditis and esophageal candidiasis caused by Candida tropicalis. The isolated yeasts were identified using the VITEK 2 automated system and matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight-mass spectrometry. Antifungal microdilution broth tests showed sensitivity to fluconazole, voriconazole, anidulafungin, caspofungin, micafungin, and amphotericin B, with resistance to fluconazole and voriconazole. The patient was treated with COXCIP-4 and amphotericin deoxycholate. At 12 days after admission, the patient developed sepsis of a pulmonary focus with worsening of his respiratory status. Combined therapy with meropenem, vancomycin, and itraconazole was started, with fever recurrence, and he changed to ART and tuberculostatic therapy. The patient remained clinically stable and was discharged with clinical improvement after 30 days of hospitalization. CONCLUSION: Fungal infections should be considered in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome as they contribute to worsening health status. When mycoses are diagnosed early and treated with the appropriate drugs, favorable therapeutic outcomes can be achieved.


Assuntos
Candidíase , Esofagite , Micoses , Pericardite Tuberculosa , Masculino , Humanos , Adulto , Fluconazol/uso terapêutico , Voriconazol/uso terapêutico , Pericardite Tuberculosa/complicações , Pericardite Tuberculosa/diagnóstico , Pericardite Tuberculosa/tratamento farmacológico , Candidíase/tratamento farmacológico , Micoses/tratamento farmacológico , Antifúngicos/uso terapêutico , Esofagite/tratamento farmacológico , HIV
12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(43): e31428, 2022 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36316894

RESUMO

Absent contractility is a rare esophageal motility disorder defined by high-resolution manometry which remains poorly understood in pathogenesis and management. We investigated the clinical symptoms, upper gastrointestinal endoscopy findings, and lower esophageal sphincter (LES) characteristics in adult patients diagnosed with absent contractility on high resolution manometry and factors associated with erosive esophagitis that were found on endoscopy in these patients. A cross-sectional study was conducted in patients with absent contractility who were examined at the Institute of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Vietnam between March 2018 and December 2020. Clinical symptoms, endoscopic findings, and LES metrics were collected and compared between individuals with and without erosive esophagitis. Logistic regression analysis was used to examine a variety of factors associated with erosive esophagitis. Among 7519 patients who underwent high resolution manometry, 204 (2.7%) were diagnosed with absent contractility. The mean age of the study sample was 45.9 years, 65.7% were women, and none had systemic sclerosis. The most common symptoms were regurgitation, belching, epigastric pain, and bloating. On endoscopy, 50% had erosive esophagitis, mostly Los Angeles grade A (42.9%). On manometry, 44.6% of the patients had LES hypotension and 68.1% had low integrated relaxation pressure in 4 seconds (IRP4s). Male sex (adjusted odds ratio = 2.01, 95% confidence interval: 1.04-3.89) and an IRP4s < 5 mm Hg (adjusted odds ratio = 2.21, 95% confidence interval: 1.12-4.37) were significantly associated with erosive esophagitis. Absent contractility was present in many patients without known systemic diseases. Erosive esophagitis was common and associated with male sex and low IRP4s.


Assuntos
Esofagite , Refluxo Gastroesofágico , Úlcera Péptica , Adulto , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Esfíncter Esofágico Inferior , Refluxo Gastroesofágico/diagnóstico , Refluxo Gastroesofágico/complicações , Estudos Transversais , Manometria , Esofagite/complicações , Úlcera Péptica/complicações , Endoscopia Gastrointestinal
13.
Nutrients ; 14(22)2022 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36432447

RESUMO

The influence of changes in alcohol consumption on erosive esophagitis (EE) development in both sexes is unclear. This observational study investigated sex differences in the influence of alcohol consumption on EE development, and included 2582 patients without EE at baseline from 13,448 patients who underwent >2 health check-ups over >1 year. The rates of non-drinkers who started drinking, and drinkers who abstained from drinking, who increased, and who decreased their weekly alcohol consumption were 7.2%, 9.7%, 14.7%, and 24.1% and 7.3%, 17.8%, 12.8%, and 39.0% in men and women, respectively. In the final cohort, 211/1405 (15.0%) men and 79/1177 (6.7%) women newly developed EE. The odds ratio (OR) for drinking in EE development was 1.252 (95% confidence interval (CI), 0.907-1.726) among men and 1.078 (95% CI, 0.666-1.747) among women. Among men aged <50 years, the OR for drinking ≥70 g/week in EE development was 2.825 (95% CI, 1.427-5.592), whereas among women, the OR for drinking ≥140 g/week in EE development was 3.248 (95% CI, 1.646-6.410). Among participants aged <50 years, the OR for daily drinking in EE development was 2.692 (95% CI, 1.298-5.586) among men and 4.030 (95% CI, 1.404-11.57) among women. The influence of alcohol consumption on EE development differed between the sexes. We recommend no alcohol consumption for individuals aged <50 years to avoid EE development. Daily drinkers should be assessed for EE development.


Assuntos
Esofagite , Úlcera Péptica , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Estudos Longitudinais , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/efeitos adversos , Esofagite/epidemiologia , Esofagite/etiologia , Comportamento Sexual , Estudos de Coortes
15.
F1000Res ; 11: 214, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36226042

RESUMO

Background: High anthropometric indexes before sleeve gastrectomy (SG) are associated with an increased risk of erosive esophagitis (EE) in bariatric surgery candidates. Reasons that explain how these indexes influence the development of esophageal pathology after surgery remains unclear. Objectives: To assess the association between the body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), and body fat percentage (BFP) with the development of EE in adults with obesity three months after SG. Setting: Clínica Avendaño, Lima, Peru. Methods: Retrospective cohort using a database including adults with obesity who underwent SG during 2017-2020. All the patients included had an endoscopy before and after the surgery. Sociodemographic, clinical and laboratory characteristics were compared according to BMI, WC and BFP, as well as by the development of de novo esophagitis. The association was evaluated by crude and adjusted generalized linear models with the log-Poisson family. Results: From a total of 106 patients, 23 (21.7%) developed EE. We did not find significant differences in sociodemographic, clinical and laboratory characteristics between patients with de novo EE compared to those who did not develop EE. After adjustment, BMI (aRR = 0.59, 95% CI = 0.18-1.40), BFP (aRR = 0.41, 95% CI = 0.15-1.19) and WC (aRR = 0.91, 95% CI = 0.69-1.16) were not associated with the development of EE three months post SG. Conclusions: We found no association between preoperative anthropometric indexes and the development of de novo EE; therefore, morbid obesity should not be a criterion to exclude the patients to undergo SG as primary surgery because of the risk of developing EE.


Assuntos
Esofagite , Obesidade Mórbida , Tecido Adiposo , Adulto , Índice de Massa Corporal , Esofagite/etiologia , Esofagite/cirurgia , Gastrectomia/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Obesidade Mórbida/complicações , Obesidade Mórbida/cirurgia , Fenilpropionatos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Circunferência da Cintura
16.
Expert Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 16(10): 967-980, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36254610

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Erosive esophagitis (EE) occurs when refluxate from the stomach causes T-lymphocyte infiltration of the esophageal mucosa, resulting in mucosal breaks. Currently, therapy with proton-pump inhibitors (PPIs) is the standard treatment for EE in the United States, but few comprehensive reviews exist on the efficacy of PPIs in US populations. Here, we present the most contemporary, thorough analysis of PPI efficacy rates, and identify and characterize patient subgroups at risk for poor healing outcomes. AREAS COVERED: We searched the literature to identify studies reporting rates of endoscopic healing and maintained healing of EE with PPI therapies in the US and found a paucity of recent evidence and real-world evidence. Twenty-two studies from 2009 and earlier were included in the final dataset. EXPERT OPINION: Rates of EE healing with PPIs were highest after 8 weeks of treatment, with over 80% of patients in most treatment arms demonstrating endoscopic healing, compared to lower efficacy (<80%) at 4 weeks. Rates of maintained healing with PPIs at 6 and 12 months were mostly lower than 80%, although the data were limited. Symptomatic patients and those with severe EE were less likely to achieve healing. Obese patients experienced similar healing rates as non-obese patients.


Assuntos
Esôfago de Barrett , Esofagite , Úlcera Péptica , Trato Gastrointestinal Superior , Humanos , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Esofagite/diagnóstico , Esofagite/tratamento farmacológico , Esofagite/complicações , Inibidores da Bomba de Prótons/efeitos adversos , Esôfago de Barrett/etiologia
17.
Ter Arkh ; 94(8): 985-991, 2022 Oct 12.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36286979

RESUMO

AIM: To evaluate the advantages of using combined therapy of proton-pump inhibitors (PPIs) and esophagoprotector in comparison with basic therapy of PPIs for 4 weeks based on the results of changes in the endoscopic picture.To compare the effectiveness of 4-week PPI therapy and 4-week combination therapy with PPI and esophagoprotector Alfasoxx (sodium hyaluronate, chondroitin sulfate, poloxomer 407) in patients with erosive esophagitis (EE) of any degree according to the Los Angeles Endoscopic Classification. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 81 patients with EE AC according to the Los Angeles endoscopic classification (1994) was enrolled in the study on the basis of the clinic of Peter the Great, Mechnikov North-Western State Medical University. By computer randomization, patients were divided into the control group 40 patients (pantoprazole 40 mg 1 time per day) and the intervention group 41 patients (pantoprazole 40 mg 1 time per day + Alfasoxx 1 sachet qid). The therapy was carried out for 4 weeks. In all patients before and after therapy, the frequency and severity of the main symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) were assessed, esophagogastroduodenoscopy was performed. RESULTS: The advantage of combination therapy over standard PPI monotherapy in patients with EE was revealed. According to the results of the control endoscopy, healing of erosions of the esophageal mucosa was observed in 39 out of 41 (95.1%) patients in the intervention group and 32 out of 39 (82.1%) in the control group. The proportion of patients who showed an improvement in the endoscopic picture before and after treatment for 4 weeks by at least 1 level according to the Los Angeles classification was significantly higher in the comparison group 41 patients (100%), while in the control group 33 patients (85%); p0.009. After treatment, the combination therapy group had a lower incidence (p0.01) and severity of heartburn (p0.01). The same results are demonstrated by combination therapy regarding the symptom belching of air: in the study group after treatment, this symptom occurred less frequently (p=0.014), its severity was significantly less than in the control group (p0.01). There was a statistically significant decrease in the need for on-demand antacid therapy in the study group. CONCLUSION: In this study involving 81 patients with erosive GERD, the benefits of combination therapy were demonstrated. The addition of Alfasoxx medical device to PPI therapy increases the clinical and endoscopic efficacy of therapy. This positive effect is associated with the esophagoprotective properties of the drug, based on unique pharmacodynamic characteristics. Combination therapy for GERD is preferred in patients with EE. Studies have shown the expediency of using Alfasoxx in case of insufficient effectiveness of classical acid-suppressive therapy for GERD.


Assuntos
Esofagite , Refluxo Gastroesofágico , Úlcera Péptica , Humanos , Inibidores da Bomba de Prótons/uso terapêutico , Pantoprazol/uso terapêutico , Antiácidos/uso terapêutico , Ácido Hialurônico/uso terapêutico , Sulfatos de Condroitina/uso terapêutico , Esofagite/tratamento farmacológico , Refluxo Gastroesofágico/diagnóstico , Refluxo Gastroesofágico/tratamento farmacológico , Refluxo Gastroesofágico/complicações , Úlcera Péptica/tratamento farmacológico , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Braz Oral Res ; 36: e0118, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36287429

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to explore the relationship between intrinsic and extrinsic factors and a high cumulative score of the Basic Erosive Wear Examination (BEWE) in a Chilean adult group. A cross-sectional study was performed with the Ethics Committee's approval from the Universidad de los Andes. A consecutive adult (18 to 46 years old) sampling (n = 553) from the Health Center in San Bernardo-Chile, was selected from September 2016 to January 2017. Dental exams were performed by two trained and calibrated examiners, according to the BEWE index. In order to search for potentially related factors, a hetero-applied questionnaire previously developed and evaluated was applied. Our interest was individuals with severe erosion tooth wear (BEWE ≥ 14). Logistic regression models reporting crude odds ratio (OR) and adjusted OR by age, 95% confidence interval (95%CI), and p-values were estimated. Variables, odds ratios and 95% CI related with BEWE ≥ 14 were: age (OR 1.1 [1.07-1.14]); currently drinking alcohol (OR 1.59 [1.06-2.39]); esophagitis (OR 8.22 [1.60-42.22]); difficulty to swallow (OR 2.45 [1.10-5.44]); chest pain (OR 2.07 [1.18-3.64]); anorexia (OR 3.82 [1.07-13.68]); vitamin C intake (OR 1.92 [1.08-3.43]). Age, alcohol consumption, self-reported esophagitis, history of gastric symptoms, anorexia, and vitamin C intake were related as risk factors to high BEWE scores in this sample of Chilean adults in San Bernardo, Chile.


Assuntos
Esofagite , Erosão Dentária , Desgaste dos Dentes , Adulto , Humanos , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Transversais , Erosão Dentária/epidemiologia , Erosão Dentária/etiologia , Anorexia/complicações , Desgaste dos Dentes/complicações , Fatores de Risco , Esofagite/complicações , Ácido Ascórbico , Prevalência
19.
Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech ; 32(6): 683-687, 2022 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36223321

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic proximal gastrectomy (LPG) is an attractive option for the treatment of early gastric cancer in the upper third of the stomach. No optimal method of reconstruction after LPG has been established because of problems associated with postoperative reflux. Gastric tube reconstruction, a type of esophagogastrostomy, is a simple procedure, but it is associated with a high frequency of reflux esophagitis (RE). We investigated the relationship between RE and gastric emptying, along with nutritional parameters. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We compared gastric emptying in patients who had undergone curative LPG with gastric tube reconstruction for gastric cancer with that of patients after total gastrectomy (TG), distal gastrectomy (DG) and of healthy volunteers and patients after DG. The LPG group was divided into an RE LPG-RE (+) group and a non-reflux esophagitis (non-RE) an LPG-RE (-) group, and we compared gastric emptying and indices of nutrition, such as body weight and laboratory findings, between those among LPG-RE (+), LPG-RE (-), and TG groups. RESULTS: The time lag between ingestion and peak 13 CO 2 expiration (T lag) in the healthy volunteer group was significantly shorter in the LPG group longer than those in the healthy volunteer LPG group and TG group. The T lag was significantly shorter in the RE LPG-RE (+) group than in the non-RE LPG-RE (-) group. The percentage change in body weight percentage in the non-RE LPG-RE (-) group was significantly larger than that in the RE LPG-RE (+) group at 12 months after surgery. Both the serum albumin and hemoglobin levels in the non-RE LPG-RE (-) tended to be preserved compared with those in the RE LPG-RE (+) group and TG group. CONCLUSIONS: Gastric emptying was accelerated after LPG, and was associated with RE. Our data suggest that RE could be associated with body weight loss after LPG.


Assuntos
Esofagite , Laparoscopia , Neoplasias Gástricas , Humanos , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Neoplasias Gástricas/complicações , Esvaziamento Gástrico , Laparoscopia/métodos , Gastrectomia/métodos , Peso Corporal , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia
20.
Obes Surg ; 32(12): 3891-3899, 2022 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36205881

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Weight reduction decreases gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), but laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) that damages the structure of the stomach may worsen GERD. We aimed to elucidate the factors associated with increased severity of erosive esophagitis (EE) at 1 year after LSG. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data on patients who underwent LSG between February 2007 and March 2016 were reviewed. Endoscopic findings and anthropometric data before and after surgery were recorded. The severity of EE was assessed according to the Los Angeles classification; severe EE was defined as grade C or D esophagitis. RESULTS: Totally, 316 patients were enrolled. Before LSG, 96 patients (30.4%) had grade A or B EE. One year after LSG, 215 patients (68%) had EE, including 136 (43%) with grade A, 62 (19.6%) with grade B, and 17 (5.4%) with grade C or D EE. One-hundred and twenty-seven of 220 patients (57.7%) without EE before LSG developed de novo EE following LSG. The incidence of severe EE after LSG in patients without pre-operative EE, grade A EE, or grade B EE at baseline was 3.2%, 6.8%, and 50%, respectively. Independent factors for an increased severity of EE after LSG were male gender (OR = 2.55, 95% CI = 1.52-4.28) and post-operative hiatal hernia (OR = 3.17, 95% CI = 1.66-6.06). CONCLUSION: The prevalence and severity of EE increased after LSG. Male gender and post-operative hiatal hernia are independent factors for an increased severity of EE after LSG. The incidence of severe EE after LSG is low for patients without pre-operative EE or grade A EE at baseline.


Assuntos
Esofagite , Refluxo Gastroesofágico , Hérnia Hiatal , Laparoscopia , Obesidade Mórbida , Úlcera Péptica , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Hérnia Hiatal/epidemiologia , Hérnia Hiatal/cirurgia , Hérnia Hiatal/complicações , Obesidade Mórbida/cirurgia , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Gastrectomia/efeitos adversos , Esofagite/epidemiologia , Esofagite/etiologia , Esofagite/cirurgia , Refluxo Gastroesofágico/epidemiologia , Refluxo Gastroesofágico/etiologia , Refluxo Gastroesofágico/cirurgia , Úlcera Péptica/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
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