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1.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(70): 10472-10475, 2019 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31411208

RESUMO

A mitochondria-targeted photodynamic therapy (PDT) agent was designed and synthesized. Upon light irradiation, it can produce photoacid and its photolysis products can further sensitize 1O2 generation, causing dual-mode (oxygen-independent and oxygen-dependent) photodynamic damage in mitochondria and killing cancer cells effectively even under hypoxic conditions.


Assuntos
Irídio/farmacologia , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Fotoquimioterapia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Humanos , Espectroscopia de Prótons por Ressonância Magnética , Oxigênio Singlete/metabolismo
2.
J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem ; 34(1): 1426-1438, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31401883

RESUMO

Anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) has been recognised as a promising molecular target of targeted therapy for NSCLC. We performed SAR study of pyrazolo[3,4-b]pyridines to override crizotinib resistance caused by ALK-L1196M mutation and identified a novel and potent L1196M inhibitor, 10g. 10g displayed exceptional enzymatic activities (<0.5 nM of IC50) against ALK-L1196M as well as against ALK-wt. In addition, 10g is an extremely potent inhibitor of ROS1 (<0.5 nM of IC50) and displays excellent selectivity over c-Met. Moreover, 10g strongly suppresses proliferation of ALK-L1196M-Ba/F3 and H2228 cells harbouring EML4-ALK via apoptosis and the ALK signalling blockade. The results of molecular docking studies reveal that, in contrast to crizotinib, 10g engages in a favourable interaction with M1196 in the kinase domain of ALK-L1196M and hydrogen bonding with K1150 and E1210. This SAR study has provided a useful insight into the design of novel and potent inhibitors against ALK gatekeeper mutant.


Assuntos
Quinase do Linfoma Anaplásico/antagonistas & inibidores , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Pirazóis/farmacologia , Piridinas/farmacologia , Quinase do Linfoma Anaplásico/metabolismo , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética Nuclear de Carbono-13 , Linhagem Celular Transformada , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Cromatografia Líquida , Cristalografia por Raios X , Inibidores Enzimáticos/química , Humanos , Concentração Inibidora 50 , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Espectroscopia de Prótons por Ressonância Magnética , Pirazóis/química , Piridinas/química , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização por Electrospray , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
3.
J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem ; 34(1): 1380-1387, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31401884

RESUMO

Novel sulfonamide-dithiocarbamate hybrids were designed and synthesised via the molecular hybridisation strategy. Among them, compound 13d displayed a potent activity with IC50 values of 0.9, 0.7, 1.9 and 2.6 µM against UM-UC-3, RT-112, RT4 and T24. Compound 13d inhibited the migration and regulated the migration-related markers (E-cadherin, N-cadherin, Vimentin, Snail and Slung) against RT-112 cells in a concentration dependent manner. By the tubulin polymerisation assay in vitro and immunostaining assay, compound 13d was identified as a novel tubulin polymerisation inhibitor. Intragastric administration of compound 13d could inhibit the growth of RT-112 cells in vivo in a xenograft mouse model with the low toxicity, indicating that it may be a leading candidate with antitumor properties to treat bladder cancer.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Sulfonamidas/farmacologia , Moduladores de Tubulina/farmacologia , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/patologia , Animais , Antineoplásicos/química , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética Nuclear de Carbono-13 , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Espectrometria de Massas , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Espectroscopia de Prótons por Ressonância Magnética , Sulfonamidas/química , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
4.
J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem ; 34(1): 1457-1464, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31411080

RESUMO

Carbonic anhydrases (CAs, EC 4.2.1.1) are crucial metalloenzymes that are involved in diverse bioprocesses. We report the synthesis and biological evaluation of novel series of benzenesulfonamides incorporating un/substituted ethyl quinoline-3-carboxylate moieties. The newly synthesised compounds were in vitro evaluated as inhibitors of the cytosolic human (h) isoforms hCA I and II. Both isoforms hCA I and II were inhibited by the quinolines reported here in variable degrees: hCA I was inhibited with KIs in the range of 0.966-9.091 µM, whereas hCA II in the range of 0.083-3.594 µM. The primary 7-chloro-6-flouro substituted sulphfonamide derivative 6e (KI = 0.083 µM) proved to be the most active quinoline in inhibiting hCA II, whereas, its secondary sulfonamide analog failed to inhibit the hCA II up to 10 µM, confirming the crucial role of the primary sulphfonamide group, as a zinc-binding group for CA inhibitory activity.


Assuntos
Anidrase Carbônica II/antagonistas & inibidores , Anidrase Carbônica I/antagonistas & inibidores , Inibidores da Anidrase Carbônica/síntese química , Inibidores da Anidrase Carbônica/farmacologia , Sulfonamidas/síntese química , Sulfonamidas/farmacologia , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética Nuclear de Carbono-13 , Inibidores da Anidrase Carbônica/química , Humanos , Espectroscopia de Prótons por Ressonância Magnética , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização por Electrospray , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Sulfonamidas/química
5.
J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem ; 34(1): 1465-1473, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31411081

RESUMO

In this investigation, we studied a family of compounds with an oxathiazolidine-4-one-2,2-dioxide skeleton and their amide synthetic precursors as new anticonvulsant drugs. The cyclic structures were synthesized using a three-step protocol that include solvent-free reactions and microwave-assisted heating. The compounds were tested in vivo through maximal electroshock seizure test in mice. All the structures showed activity at the lower doses tested (30 mg/Kg) and no signs of neurotoxicity were detected. Compound encoded as 1g displayed strong anticonvulsant effects in comparison with known anticonvulsants (ED50 = 29 mg/Kg). First approximations about the mechanisms of action of the cyclic structures were proposed by docking simulations and in vitro assays against sodium channels (patch clamp methods).


Assuntos
Anticonvulsivantes/química , Anticonvulsivantes/farmacologia , Desenho de Drogas , Imidas/química , Imidas/farmacologia , Tiazóis/química , Animais , Anticonvulsivantes/administração & dosagem , Anticonvulsivantes/síntese química , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética Nuclear de Carbono-13 , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Imidas/síntese química , Masculino , Camundongos , Canal de Sódio Disparado por Voltagem NAV1.1/efeitos dos fármacos , Óxidos/química , Técnicas de Patch-Clamp , Espectroscopia de Prótons por Ressonância Magnética
6.
J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem ; 34(1): 1414-1425, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31401901

RESUMO

The emergence of drug-resistant pathogenic bacteria is occurring due to the global overuse and misuse of ß-lactam antibiotics. Infections caused by some bacteria which secrete metallo-ß-lactamases (enzymes that inactivate ß-lactam antibiotics) are increasingly prevalent and have become a major worldwide threat to human health. These bacteria are resistant to ß-lactam antibiotics and MBL-inhibitor/ß-lactam antibiotic combination therapy can be a strategy to overcome this problem. So far, no clinically available inhibitors of metallo-ß-lactamases (MBLs) have been reported. In this study, L-benzyl tyrosine thiol carboxylic acid analogues (2a-2k) were synthesized after the study of computational simulation by adding of methyl, chloro, bromo and nitro groups to the benzyl ring for investigation of SAR analysis. Although the synthesized molecules 2a-k shows the potent inhibitory effects against metallo-ß-lactamase (IMP-1) with the range of Kic values of 1.04-4.77 µM, they are not as potent as the candidate inhibitor.


Assuntos
Ácidos Carboxílicos/síntese química , Ácidos Carboxílicos/farmacologia , Compostos de Sulfidrila/química , Tirosina/química , Inibidores de beta-Lactamases/síntese química , Inibidores de beta-Lactamases/farmacologia , beta-Lactamases/efeitos dos fármacos , Antibacterianos/síntese química , Antibacterianos/química , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética Nuclear de Carbono-13 , Ácidos Carboxílicos/química , Espectrometria de Massas , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Espectroscopia de Prótons por Ressonância Magnética , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/efeitos dos fármacos , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/enzimologia , Serratia marcescens/efeitos dos fármacos , Serratia marcescens/enzimologia , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Inibidores de beta-Lactamases/química
7.
J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem ; 34(1): 1210-1217, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31286781

RESUMO

In this study, a series of 4,5-bis(substituted phenyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-amine compounds was designed, synthesised, and evaluated to determine their potential as anti-lung cancer agents. According to the results of screening of lung cancer cell lines A549, NCI-H460, and NCI-H23 in vitro, most of the synthesised compounds have potent cytotoxic activities with IC50 values ranging from 1.02 to 48.01 µM. Particularly, compound 4,5-bis(4-chlorophenyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-amine (BCTA) was the most potent anti-cancer agent, with IC50 values of 1.09, 2.01, and 3.28 µM against A549, NCI-H460, and NCI-H23 cells, respectively, meaning many-fold stronger anti-lung cancer activity than that of the chemotherapeutic agent 5-fluorouracil. We also explored the effects of BCTA on apoptosis in lung cancer cells by flow cytometry and western blotting. Our results indicated that BCTA induced apoptosis by upregulating proteins BAX, caspase 3, and PARP. Thus, the potential application of compound BCTA as a drug should be further examined.


Assuntos
Aminas/química , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Triazóis/síntese química , Triazóis/farmacologia , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética Nuclear de Carbono-13 , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Espectroscopia de Prótons por Ressonância Magnética , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização por Electrospray , Triazóis/química
8.
J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem ; 34(1): 1247-1258, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31286782

RESUMO

A series of N1,N3-bis (1-oxopropan-2-yl) isophthalamide-based derivatives 4-16 were prepared and their structures were confirmed by different spectral tools. The cytotoxic potentiality of novel compounds 4-16 was assessed by the MTT assay method on colon, lung and breast tumour cell lines. Compound 5 gave the most significant specificity anticancer activity with safety response on normal cell lines. In vitro enzyme assay and several apoptotic parameters were examined to elucidate the mode of action of compound 5. Molecular docking studies also were simulated to put insight and give better understanding to its structural features.


Assuntos
Aminoácidos/química , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Espectroscopia de Prótons por Ressonância Magnética , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização por Electrospray , Espectrofotometria Infravermelho , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
9.
J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem ; 34(1): 1233-1246, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31286784

RESUMO

Neratinib is an oral pan HER inhibitor, that irreversibly inhibits EGFR and HER2 and was proven to be effective against multiple EGFR mutations. In previous study, we reported spiro [indoline-3, 4'-piperidine]-2-ones as anticancer agents. In this study, we designed aminopyridine-containing spiro [indoline-3,4'-piperidine] derivatives A1-A4 using Neratinib and spiro [indoline-3, 4'-piperidine]-2-one compound patented as lead structure, then replaced piperidine with cyclopropane to obtain B1-B7 and replaced indoline with benzmorpholine to get C1-C4 and D1-D2. We synthesized these compounds and evaluated their residual activities under 0.5 M drug concentration on EGFR and ERBB2. Most of compounds showed stronger inhibition on EGFR-wt and ERBB2, in which A1-A4 showed excellent inhibitory activity with inhibition percentage on EGFR-wt kinase of 7%, 6%, 19%, 27%, respectively and 9%, 5%, 12%, 34% on ERBB2 kinase compared with 2% and 6% of Neratinib.


Assuntos
Aminopiridinas/química , Descoberta de Drogas , Fator de Crescimento Epidérmico/antagonistas & inibidores , Mutação , Compostos de Espiro/farmacologia , Fator de Crescimento Epidérmico/genética , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Espectroscopia de Prótons por Ressonância Magnética , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização por Electrospray , Compostos de Espiro/química
10.
Food Chem ; 299: 125105, 2019 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31295636

RESUMO

Within the cocoa market (Theobroma cacao L.), quality and prices are often determined by geographical origin, making traceability indispensable. Therefore, to investigate possibilities of tracing by analytical methods, 48 carefully selected cocoa samples from 20 countries have been profiled using a combination of stable isotope-ratio mass spectrometry (IRMS) and proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1H NMR). Chemometric analysis of combined data sets from both, stable isotope data (δ13C, δ15N, δ18O, δ2H, %C, %N, %O, %H) and 1H NMR fingerprints, achieved good separation with increased classification rates compared to classification with data of the isolated methods. IRMS contributed primarily to discrimination between countries, while 1H NMR significantly contributed to separation of varieties, but also the regions within individual countries. This study thus demonstrates that combination of two analytical methods is an effective tool to enhance both, accuracy and precision, in authenticity testing of cocoa.


Assuntos
Cacau/química , Deutério/análise , Análise de Alimentos/métodos , Espectrometria de Massas/métodos , Espectroscopia de Prótons por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Isótopos de Carbono/análise , Análise Multivariada , Isótopos de Nitrogênio/análise , Isótopos de Oxigênio/análise
11.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 14: 4649-4666, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31303753

RESUMO

Introduction: Herein, a hyaluronic acid (HA)-coated redox-sensitive chitosan-based nanoparticle, HA(HECS-ss-OA)/GA, was successfully developed for tumor-specific intracellular rapid delivery of gambogic acid (GA). Materials and methods: The redox-sensitive polymer, HECS-ss-OA, was prepared through a well-controlled synthesis procedure with a satisfactory reproducibility and stable resulted surface properties of the assembled cationic micelles. GA was solubilized into the inner core of HECS-ss-OA micelles, while HA was employed to coat outside HECS-ss-OA/GA for CD44-mediated active targeting along with protection from cation-associated in vivo defects. The desirable redox-sensitivity of HA(HECS-ss-OA)/GA was demonstrated by morphology and particle size changes alongside in vitro drug release of nanoparticles in different simulated reducing environments. Results: The results of flow cytometry and confocal microscopy confirmed the HA-receptor mediated cellular uptake and burst drug release in highly reducing cytosol of HA(HECS-ss-OA)/GA. Consequently, HA(HECS-ss-OA)/GA showed the highest apoptosis induction and cytotoxicity over the non-sensitive (HA(HECS-cc-OA)/GA) and HA un-coated (HECS-ss-OA/GA) controls against A549 NSCLC model both in vitro and in vivo. Furthermore, a diminished systemic cytotoxicity was observed in HA(HECS-ss-OA)/GA treated mice compared with those treated by HA un-coated cationic ones and GA solution.


Assuntos
Quitosana/química , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos/métodos , Ácido Hialurônico/química , Micelas , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Xantonas/administração & dosagem , Xantonas/uso terapêutico , Células A549 , Animais , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Apoptose , Varredura Diferencial de Calorimetria , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Quitosana/síntese química , Humanos , Ácido Hialurônico/síntese química , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Nanopartículas/química , Neoplasias/patologia , Oxirredução , Propionatos/síntese química , Propionatos/química , Espectroscopia de Prótons por Ressonância Magnética , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Distribuição Tecidual/efeitos dos fármacos , Carga Tumoral/efeitos dos fármacos , Xantonas/farmacologia
12.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1138: 115-136, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31313262

RESUMO

Single-voxel proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS) is a non-invasive in-vivo technology to measure metabolic concentrations in selected regions of interest in a tissue, e.g., the brain. 1H-MRS generates spectra of signals with different frequencies and specific intensities which can be assigned to respective metabolites in the investigated tissue and quantified. In studies designed to detect biomarkers of a specific disorder or dysfunction, the overall goal is not just to analyze a single 1H-MRS data set, but to compare patient cohorts against healthy controls. We propose a visual analytics tool for the comparative analyses of cohorts, i.e., sets of data sets. Each data set can be regarded as a multivariate data sample, in which each variable represents the concentration of a metabolite. While a standard workflow for comparative analyses of two cohorts is routinely deployed by analyzing metabolites individually, our tool allows for comparative cohort analysis in a multivariate setting. Our top-down analysis strategy uses multidimensional data visualization methods combined with statistical plots and statistical analyses. We document and evaluate the effectiveness of our approach for the interactive analysis of metabolite concentrations in three brain regions for a comparative study of an alcohol-dependent patient cohort and a healthy control group.


Assuntos
Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Espectroscopia de Prótons por Ressonância Magnética , Biomarcadores , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Humanos
13.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(64): 9444-9447, 2019 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31287465

RESUMO

A new mitochondrion targetable molecular probe for carbon monoxide (CO)-specific detection based on palladium-free mediated opening of spirolactam was designed. The turn-on red fluorescence caused by CO enables a safe and powerful method for unravelling the function of CO in biological systems to be established.


Assuntos
Monóxido de Carbono/análise , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Mitocôndrias/química , Imagem Óptica/métodos , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética Nuclear de Carbono-13 , Lactamas/química , Espectroscopia de Prótons por Ressonância Magnética , Frações Subcelulares/química
14.
J Chromatogr A ; 1603: 269-277, 2019 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31279475

RESUMO

In this study, a hydroxypropyl-ß-cyclodextrin (HP-ß-CD) functionalized monolithic capillary column was prepared by one-pot sequential reaction for the first time. The preparation of the HP-ß-CD functionalized monolithic column involves two sequential reactions in one pot: (1) the ring opening reaction between HP-ß-CD and glycidyl methacrylate (GMA) catalyzed by 1,8-diazabicyclo[5.4.0]undec-7-ene (DBU); (2) the copolymerization of GMA-HP-ß-CD, ethylene dimethacrylate (EDMA) and 2-acrylamido-2-methyl propane sulfonic acid (AMPS). A series of monolithic columns were successfully prepared by varying the temperature of the ring opening reaction or several copolymerization parameters (the type and composition of porogenic solvents, ratio of GMA-HP-ß-CD to EDMA and polymerization temperature). Then, the morphologies and structures of the resulting monolithic stationary phases were characterized by optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and nitrogen adsorption analysis. Raman spectroscopy clearly indicated the successful bonding of HP-ß-CD onto the monolith. When the prepared chiral stationary phase (CSP) was applied for the separation of a set of racemic compounds by capillary electrochromatography (CEC), including racemic anticholinergic drugs, ß-adrenergic drugs, meptazinol and its intermediates, satisfactory separation selectivities were obtained. Additionally, the column also showed excellent separation abilities towards four flavanone glycosides epimers. Furthermore, the prepared monolithic columns exhibited satisfactory stability and reproducibilities of retention time, resolution and column efficiency. These results demonstrated the potential and usefulness of the developed one-pot sequential strategy in the preparation of other derivatized CD functionalized monolithic columns.


Assuntos
2-Hidroxipropil-beta-Ciclodextrina/química , Eletrocromatografia Capilar/métodos , Adsorção , Compostos de Epóxi/química , Metacrilatos/química , Nitrogênio/química , Permeabilidade , Polimerização , Polímeros/química , Espectroscopia de Prótons por Ressonância Magnética , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Análise Espectral Raman , Estereoisomerismo , Temperatura Ambiente
15.
Br J Radiol ; 92(1101): 20190134, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31287729

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of MR spectroscopy (MRS) on the detection of malignancy in ovarian masses. METHODS: This prospective work included 230 females that had 245 adnexal/ovarian masses. Tumours were spotted by preliminary pelvic ultrasound. Masses assessed by MRI, multi- or single-voxel spectroscopy. Patients' spectra were assessed for peaks of lactate (Lac, 1.31 ppm), lipid (Lip, 1.33 ppm), N-acetyl aspartate (2.0 ppm), acetone (A, 2.05 ppm), choline (Cho, 3.23 ppm) and creatinine (Cr, 3.4 ppm) and the mean values of the (Cho/Cr) ratios were performed by a semi-quantitative approach. The operative pathology served as the standard of reference. RESULTS: Cho peak twofold higher than the average noise level was detected in 72% of the malignant and only 5.4% of the benign masses with an accuracy of 83%. Adding lactate to the choline enhanced the accuracy to 93%. The mean Cho/Cr ratios of the malignant ovarian masses (2.8) were significantly higher than that of the benign ones (1.2) . We used a receiver operating characteristic curve to determine the best cut-off value (1.7) for the mean Cho/Cr ratio to discriminate malignancy with sensitivity: 81.2%, specificity: 93.3 %, positive-predictive value: 92.9 %, negative-predictive value: 82.4% and accuracy: 87.1%. CONCLUSION: The simultaneous presence of choline and lactate peaks in MRS examination of the ovarian masses minimizes the overlap between benign and malignant categories. N-acetyl aspartate and acetone are the metabolites for diagnosing complex cystic masses as benign teratoma, endomterioma and tubo- ovarian abscess. ADVANCES IN KNOWLEDGE: MRS is a non-contrast based and fast MR sequence that gives an idea about tissue components could be used to improve the sensitivity and the accuracy of detecting malignancy in ovarian masses.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ovarianas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , Espectroscopia de Prótons por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Adulto , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ovário/diagnóstico por imagem , Ovário/patologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
16.
Food Chem ; 301: 125257, 2019 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31357002

RESUMO

The q-NMR metabolomics has already demonstrated its potential for classifying wines of different geographical origins, grape varieties, or vintages. This study focuses on the characterisation of Bordeaux red wines, seeking to discriminate them from others produced in the major French wine regions. A sampling of 224 commercial French wines was analysed by 1H NMR and forty compounds were quantified. Non-supervised and supervised statistical analyses revealed a singular imprint of Bordeaux wines in comparison with other French wines, with classification rates ranging from 71% to 100%. Within the Bordeaux vineyards, red wines from the different Bordeaux subdivisions were analysed from different vintages. Our results indicate that q-NMR metabolomics enables the differentiation of Médoc and Libournais vineyard highlighting the most discriminant constituents. In addition, the effects of wine evolution during bottle aging and vintage on Bordeaux red wines were pointed out and discussed.


Assuntos
Metabolômica , Espectroscopia de Prótons por Ressonância Magnética , Vinho/análise , Vitis/metabolismo
17.
Food Chem ; 298: 125052, 2019 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31261003

RESUMO

Scotch Whisky has been analysed as a complex mixture in its raw form using high resolution Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) and previously developed water and ethanol suppression techniques. This has allowed for the positive identification of 25 compounds in Scotch Whisky by means of comparison to reference standards, spike-in experiments, and advanced 1D and 2D NMR experiments. Quantification of compounds was hindered by signal overlap, though peak alignment strategies were largely successful. Statistical total correlation spectroscopy (STOCSY) yielded information on signals arising from the same compound or compounds of similar origin. Statistical analysis of the spectra was performed using Independent and Principal Components Analysis (ICA, PCA) as well as Orthogonal Partial Least Squares Discriminant Analysis (OPLS-DA). Several whisky production parameters were successfully modelled, including blend or malt status, use of peated malt, alcohol strength, generic authentication and maturation wood type, whilst age and geographical origin could not be modelled.


Assuntos
Bebidas Alcoólicas/análise , Espectroscopia de Prótons por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Bebidas Alcoólicas/normas , Análise Discriminante , Análise dos Mínimos Quadrados , Análise de Componente Principal , Espectroscopia de Prótons por Ressonância Magnética/normas , Padrões de Referência
18.
J Sci Food Agric ; 99(14): 6455-6461, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31294826

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The illegal undeclared addition of reconstituted milk powder to ultra-heat treated (UHT) milk to lower production costs is an example of economically motivated adulteration. This activity not only defrauds consumers but also places honest traders at a disadvantage, which could damage the reputation of milk producers and reduce the integrity of the markets. In this research, a non-targeted analytical strategy that combines proton (1 H) nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy with a chemometrics data mining tool was developed for the authentication of bovine UHT milk. RESULTS: Unsupervised principal component analysis was used to distinguish UHT and tap-water-reconstituted powdered milk. Partial least squares-discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) with R2 (Y) and Q2 equal to 0.859 and 0.748, respectively, was used to differentiate UHT and reconstituted milk samples. Three compounds were selected as biomarkers to distinguish UHT and reconstituted milk and identified according to the standard NMR-spectra database. Finally, a PLS-DA model was established, according to the characteristic spectral bands, to identify UHT milk and reconstituted milk. CONCLUSION: This procedure demonstrated the feasibility of using non-targeted NMR profiling combined with chemometric analysis to combat mislabeling and fraudulent practices in milk production. © 2019 Society of Chemical Industry.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores/análise , Contaminação de Alimentos/análise , Metabolômica/métodos , Leite/química , Espectroscopia de Prótons por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Animais , Bovinos , Análise Discriminante , Análise de Componente Principal
19.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(56): 8098-8101, 2019 Jul 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31232416

RESUMO

We report the first macrocycle-based ratiometric molecular thermometer exploiting the conformational thermosensitivity of a calixarene functionalized with two different fluorophores. Thanks to the dependence on temperature of the efficiency of excitation energy transfer between the organic fluorophores, the thermometer works over a 60 °C-wide temperature range with a sensitivity of 4% °C-1.


Assuntos
Calixarenos/química , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Temperatura Alta , Transferência Ressonante de Energia de Fluorescência , Compostos Macrocíclicos/química , Estrutura Molecular , Espectroscopia de Prótons por Ressonância Magnética , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização por Electrospray
20.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 181: 69-77, 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31176249

RESUMO

The rapid development of selenium-enriched agriculture leads to the accumulation of selenium in the soil, which has an adverse impact on terrestrial ecosystems. In the present study, the mortality, growth inhibition rate and metabolism of earthworms were examined to investigate the toxicological effects of sodium selenite (Na2SeO3) on earthworms (Eisenia fetida) after exposuring for 14 days (d). We used 1H-NMR-based metabolomics to identify sensitive biomarkers and explored the metabolic responses of earthworms exposed to Na2SeO3. The mortality and growth inhibition rate of earthworms exposed to 70 and 90 mg/kg Na2SeO3 were significantly higher than the rate of control group. The LC50 (the median lethal concentration) of Na2SeO3 was 57.4 mg/kg in this artificial soil test of E. fetida exposed to Na2SeO3 for 14 d. However, there was no significant differences when earthworms were exposed to different concentrations of Na2SeO3. The selected metabolic markers were ATP, lactic acid, leucine, alanine, valine, glycine, glutamic acid, lysine, α-glucose and betaine. Na2SeO3 affected the metabolic level of earthworms, as the percentage of metabolic markers in the earthworm changes when exposed to different concentrations of Na2SeO3. The metabolic disturbances were greater with increasing concentrations of Na2SeO3. The differential metabolic markers were significantly changed when exposed to Na2SeO3 comparing to those in the control group, affecting the tricarboxylic acid cycle process and breaking the metabolic balance. This study showed that Na2SeO3 had toxic effect on the growth and development of earthworms. In addition, this study provided a biochemical insights for the development of selenium-enriched agriculture.


Assuntos
Redes e Vias Metabólicas/efeitos dos fármacos , Oligoquetos/efeitos dos fármacos , Selenito de Sódio/toxicidade , Poluentes do Solo/toxicidade , Solo/química , Animais , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Dose Letal Mediana , Metabolômica , Oligoquetos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Oligoquetos/metabolismo , Espectroscopia de Prótons por Ressonância Magnética
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