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1.
Nurs Manage ; 52(9): 56, 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34469382

Assuntos
Esperança
2.
Law Hum Behav ; 45(3): 179-196, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34351202

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: There are currently 1,308,327 immigrants in removal proceedings, over 80% of whom are Latinx (TRAC, 2021b). This study examined the relation among putative protective markers (i.e. social support, religious support, and legal support) and the emotional and physical well-being of Latinx individuals facing removal proceedings. HYPOTHESES: We hypothesized that increased social support, religious support, and legal support would buffer the negative relations between hopelessness, poor self-efficacy, and well-being measures (depression, anxiety, stress, mental well-being, somatic symptoms, and physical well-being). METHOD: Participants (N = 157; 31.2% men, M age = 33.4 years) had an active immigration court case in Texas and completed a demographic questionnaire, the Beck Hopelessness Scale, General Self-Efficacy Scale, Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support, Multi-Faith Religious Support Scale, Depression, Anxiety, Stress Scale-21, Patient Health Questionnaire-15, and Short Form Health Survey-12. RESULTS: Higher levels of hopelessness and poor self-efficacy were associated with more negative well-being outcomes, while social support was associated with more positive well-being outcomes. Contrary to hypotheses, religious support and legal support served as risk markers independently, while legal support interacted with hopelessness, such that decreased legal support was associated with higher mental well-being at lower levels of hopelessness and interacted with poor self-efficacy, such that increased legal support was associated with poorer mental well-being at lower levels of self-efficacy. All effect sizes were small (rsp2 = .04 to .16). CONCLUSIONS: Targeting hopelessness and poor self-efficacy while promoting social support may help mental health professionals improve the well-being of immigrants in removal proceedings. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Deportação , Hispano-Americanos/legislação & jurisprudência , Hispano-Americanos/psicologia , Saúde Mental , Imigrantes Indocumentados/legislação & jurisprudência , Imigrantes Indocumentados/psicologia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Esperança , Humanos , Serviços Jurídicos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Proteção , Psicometria/instrumentação , Fatores de Risco , Autoeficácia , Apoio Social , Inquéritos e Questionários , Texas/etnologia
3.
Nursing ; 51(8): 39-42, 2021 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34347753

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Strengths-based approaches focus on identifying an individual's assets and resources to find solutions that support their health. These principles are already inherent in nursing philosophies and processes. This article presents a call to reshape the current deficit-based, provider-centric model by formalizing inclusion of holistic, strengths-based approaches into nursing care.


Assuntos
Cuidados de Enfermagem/métodos , Cuidados de Enfermagem/organização & administração , Empoderamento , Enfermagem Holística , Esperança , Humanos , Modelos de Enfermagem , Autoeficácia
4.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 74(4): e20201309, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34378750

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to understand the perceptions of hope for people with depression in the context of a therapy group. METHODS: using a qualitative case study approach, a semi-structured in-depth interview and a self-report questionnaire were conducted with seven women with depression integrated in a therapy group at a Portuguese day-care psychiatric unit. Data collection and analysis used triangulation of sources. RESULTS: the participants evidenced hope founded on the positive experiences of the past with a strong affiliation component. Hope management is done fundamentally through the interpersonal relationships established between the members of the group, based on communicational patterns that are established on a regular basis, mediated by the group therapist. CONCLUSION: the therapy group functioned towards the reinforcement of hope in people who experience depression, and it works as a motivation to manage the implications of illness in the participants' life and health project.


Assuntos
Depressão , Psicoterapia de Grupo , Depressão/terapia , Feminino , Esperança , Humanos , Motivação , Pesquisa Qualitativa
5.
Rev Esc Enferm USP ; 55: e20200368, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34435610

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of prayer on religious/spiritual coping and on the hope of patients with chronic kidney disease undergoing hemodialysis. METHOD: Randomized, controlled and blinded clinical trial, carried out in a dialysis unit, with a total of 62 patients undergoing hemodialysis - 31 participants in intervention group and 31 in the control group. Intercession prayer was applied three times, in alternate weeks, during hemodialysis sessions. Differences between groups in the outcome of the effect of prayer on religious/spiritual coping and hope were analyzed. RESULTS: Participants used positive coping at high mean scores in both groups (control - 3.62 and intervention - 3.26) and negative coping had little use (control - 1.66 and intervention - 1.47). The use of total coping was between 2.35 and 2.48 in the intervention group (p = 0.015). Hope variables were better in the intervention group: optimism (p = 0.001), short- and long-term plans (p = 0.004), remembering happy moments (p = 0.039) and valuing life (p = 0.050). CONCLUSION: The use of prayer promotes an increase in religious/spiritual coping and hope. Brazilian Registry of Clinical Trials: RBR-4pphkf.


Assuntos
Adaptação Psicológica , Insuficiência Renal Crônica , Esperança , Humanos , Religião , Diálise Renal , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/terapia
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(34): e27016, 2021 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34449474

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Nursing students are the main force of future nursing development, and their hope and death anxiety are important aspects of their coping styles and clinical practice.The present study examined the relationships between hope, death anxiety and simplified coping style scores of nursing students during the outbreak of COVID-19.Between February and April 2020, a cross-sectional descriptive study was performed using a Sojump online survey, and 870 nursing students completed the herth hope (HH), death anxiety scale (DAS) and simplified coping style questionnaire. The data were analyzed using t-tests, one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA), and multiple linear regression in SPSS 23.0 (IBM Corp, Armonk, NY).The average HH, DAS and active and passive coping scores of the 870 nursing students were 3.07 ±â€Š0.32, 3.01 ±â€Š0.37, 2.84 ±â€Š0.48, and 2.25 ±â€Š0.50, respectively. Participants with contact experience with individuals with suspected or confirmed COVID-19 were more likely to adopt passive coping styles than students without contact experience (t = 5.019, P = .025). Being older and having higher inner positive readiness and expectancy, a lower inner sense of temporality and future, and lower time awareness were predictors of passive coping styles (P < .05). Living in cities (vs towns) and having a higher inner positive readiness and expectancy, a higher inner sense of temporality and future and lower cognition of death were predictors of active coping styles (P < .05).The findings of this study suggest that hope and death anxiety are important aspects of the coping styles of nursing students. Nursing educators should emphasize the role of hope, further deepen the death education mode, and perform scientific and reasonable death education programmes to reduce the death anxiety level of nursing students to promote their coping styles in crisis.


Assuntos
Adaptação Psicológica , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Atitude Frente a Morte , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Esperança , Estudantes de Enfermagem/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , SARS-CoV-2 , Adulto Jovem
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34207071

RESUMO

This study investigated the effects of an 8-week horticultural activity intervention on attitudes toward aging, sense of hope, and hand-eye coordination in 88 older adults in residential care facilities. In the experimental group, the mean score for "attitudes toward aging" increased from 3.81 before the intervention to 4.74 points after the intervention (standard deviation SD = 0.24 and 0.27, respectively), and the control group dropped from 3.75 to 3.70 (standard deviations, respectively SD = 0.27 and 0.28). The mean score for "sense of hope" increased from 3.28 before the intervention to 3.81 points after the intervention (SD = 0.49 and 0.26, respectively). In contrast to the control group, the mean score gradually declined from 3.26 to 3.16 points (standard deviation SD = 0.54 and 0.48, respectively). In the test of hand-eye coordination, the time required to complete the cup stacking test significantly decreased from 33.56 to 25.38 s in the experimental group but did not significantly change in the control group. Generalized estimating equation analysis revealed a significant interaction between group and time (p < 0.001). The data trends revealed significant differences in outcomes between the experimental group and the control group. At 3 months after the end of the study, the effect size in the experimental group remained higher than that in the control group.


Assuntos
Atitude , Esperança
9.
Nutrients ; 13(6)2021 Jun 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34205423

RESUMO

(1) Background: The COVID-19 pandemic exerts a negative influence on dietary behaviors, which may lead to health deterioration. Dietary behaviors may be determined by psychological characteristics, such as basic hope and resilience, which facilitate the effective adjustment to new difficult conditions. The professional literature includes no research on the role of basic hope and resilience in the context of undertaken dietary behaviors in the situations of mental load associated with pandemics. The study aimed at the description of the dietary behaviors of individuals with various intensities of the discussed psychological characteristics (basic hope and resilience); (2) The observational cross-sectional online questionnaire study was conducted with the participation of 1082 adult Polish inhabitants. Three psychological scales were used: PSS-10, the Brief Resilient Coping Scale (BRCS) and BHI-12 questionnaire. The assessment of the adherence to dietary recommendations was performed with the present authors' Dietary Guidelines Adherence Index (DGA Index); (3) Results: The value of DGA Index was variable depending on the psychological profile of study participants. The highest adherence to the principles of appropriate nutrition was observed in individuals characterized by the ability to cope with difficult situations and those who quickly adapted to new changing circumstances. The DGA Index values became poorer with the deterioration of the coping ability as regards stress and mental load; (4) Conclusions: Nutritional education during pandemics should encompass the psychological profile of the patients. It requires the implementation of a different psychodietetic approach which will facilitate a more effective introduction of a well-balanced diet.


Assuntos
Adaptação Psicológica , COVID-19/psicologia , Dieta/psicologia , Comportamento Alimentar/psicologia , Esperança , Pandemias , Resiliência Psicológica , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Mental , Política Nutricional , Polônia , SARS-CoV-2 , Adulto Jovem
10.
BMC Psychol ; 9(1): 104, 2021 Jul 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34246318

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hikikomori is a phenomenon describing people who exhibit behaviors of self-secluding themselves at home for long durations of time and usually only having face-to-face social interactions with none other than family. Existing interventions for hikikomori are inconclusive and the majority are absent in using a theoretical framework to guide its components. Therefore, applicability of the psychosocial recovery framework of Connectedness, Hope and Optimism, Identity, Meaning in Life, and Empowerment (CHIME) towards hikikomori care was reviewed. METHOD: Five databases were searched in April 2020 with the search formula from a published systematic review on hikikomori combined with search terms specific to domains of the CHIME framework. Articles included in the review were of the English language, of all publication years, peer-reviewed, quantitative or qualitative research studies and case studies, included study designs that were observational or interventional in nature, and involved populations of socially withdrawn youth. RESULTS: CHIME's comprehensive structure and organized approach could guide researchers or service providers in determining areas needing assessments, measurement, and areas of focus. It is suggested that the CHIME framework is applicable after modifying a specific dimension-'meaning of mental illness experiences' into 'meaning of the hikikomori experience'. Thematic overlap occurred between the domains of connectedness, identity, and meaning. Yet, additional dimensions or domains such as trust building, non-linearity, and spatiality can be included for addressing specific limitations in this application, which would help towards catering services to help hikikomori in recovery or in increasing quality-of-life of those individuals' while entrapped in this withdrawn lifestyle. CONCLUSION: CHIME framework could be applicable towards hikikomori care after applying the suggested modifications. Additionally, many knowledge gaps were found in literature during this review that warrants further investigation to improve hikikomori care.


Assuntos
Esperança , Transtornos Mentais , Adolescente , Humanos , Otimismo , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Qualidade de Vida
11.
JAMA Netw Open ; 4(7): e2118134, 2021 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34297071

RESUMO

Importance: Diseases of despair (ie, mortality or morbidity from suicidality, drug abuse, and alcoholism) were first characterized as increasing in rural White working-class populations in midlife with low educational attainment and associated with long-term economic decline. Excess mortality now appears to be associated with working-class citizens across demographic and geographic boundaries, but no known qualitative studies have engaged residents of rural and urban locales with high prevalence of diseases of despair to learn their perspectives. Objective: To explore perceptions about despair-related illness and potential intervention strategies among diverse community members residing in discrete rural and urban hotspots. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this qualitative study, high-prevalence hotspots for diseases of despair were identified from health insurance claims data in Central Pennsylvania. Four focus groups were conducted with 60 community members in organizations and coalitions from 3 census block group hotspot clusters in the health system between September 2019 and January 2020. Focus groups explored awareness and beliefs about causation and potential intervention strategies. Main Outcomes and Measures: A descriptive phenomenological approach was applied to thematic analysis, and a preliminary conceptual model was constructed to describe how various factors may be associated with perpetuating despair and with public health. Results: In total, 60 adult community members participated in 4 focus groups (44 women, 16 men; 40 White non-Hispanic, 17 Black, and 3 Hispanic/Latino members). Three focus groups with 43 members were held in rural areas with high prevalence of diseases of despair, and 1 focus group with 17 members in a high-prevalence urban area. Four themes emerged with respect to awareness and believed causation of despair-related illness, and participants identified common associated factors, including financial distress, lack of critical infrastructure and social services, deteriorating sense of community, and family fragmentation. Intervention strategies focused around 2 themes: (1) building resilience to despair through better community and organizational coordination and peer support at the local level and (2) encouraging broader state investments in social services and infrastructure to mitigate despair-related illness. Conclusions and Relevance: In this qualitative study, rural and urban community members identified common factors associated with diseases of despair, highlighting the association between long-term political and economic decline and public health and a need for both community- and state-level solutions to address despair. Health care systems participating in addressing community health needs may improve processes to screen for despair (eg, social history taking) and codesign primary, secondary, and tertiary interventions aimed at addressing factors associated with distress. Such actions have taken on greater urgency with the COVID-19 pandemic.


Assuntos
Alcoolismo/prevenção & controle , Atitude , Características de Residência , População Rural , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/prevenção & controle , Suicídio/prevenção & controle , População Urbana , Adulto , Alcoolismo/etiologia , Conscientização , COVID-19 , Atenção à Saúde , Família , Feminino , Grupos Focais , Esperança , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Grupo Associado , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Resiliência Psicológica , Classe Social , Serviço Social , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/etiologia , Suicídio/psicologia , Adulto Jovem
12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34300150

RESUMO

This study constructed a moderated mediation model based on problem behavior theory to explore the psychological mechanism of family functioning interaction with pathological internet use. We used the Adolescent Pathological Internet Use Scale, General Functioning Scale, Trait Hope Scale, and Social Withdrawal Scale to measure internet use in 1223 middle school students. The results showed that (1) pathological internet use was negatively correlated with family functioning and hope, and positively correlated with social withdrawal; family functioning was positively correlated with hope, and negatively correlated with social withdrawal; hope was negatively correlated with social withdrawal; (2) family functioning could not only directly predict pathological internet use, but also indirectly predict pathological internet use through hope; and (3) the mediating effect of family functioning on pathological internet use was moderated by social withdrawal, which was stronger for individuals with low social withdrawal but not significant for individuals with high social withdrawal. This study revealed the internal mechanism of the relation between family functioning and adolescents' pathological internet use, which has theoretical significance for improving adolescents' hope and reducing their pathological internet use.


Assuntos
Comportamento Aditivo , Uso da Internet , Adolescente , China/epidemiologia , Esperança , Humanos , Internet , Isolamento Social
14.
Fam Med ; 53(6): 472-473, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34077970

Assuntos
Esperança , Humanos
15.
J Affect Disord ; 292: 375-385, 2021 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34139411

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Personal recovery, living a satisfying, hopeful life alongside symptoms, has become an increasingly valued aim across mental health care agendas internationally. However, there is little understanding of how people experience personal recovery alongside the mood challenges characteristic of a bipolar disorder diagnosis. Personal recovery frameworks have been developed for populations with mixed psychiatric diagnoses, predominantly psychotic disorders. METHODS: This systematic review of qualitative data used the widely adopted personal recovery processes Connectedness, Hope and optimism, Identity, Meaning and purpose, Empowerment (CHIME) in a "best fit" framework synthesis to understand personal recovery experiences in bipolar disorder. Included studies were coded with deductive framework analysis based on the CHIME processes and inductive thematic analysis for aspects beyond the a priori framework. RESULTS: A comprehensive search of six literature databases led to inclusion of twelve articles published 2010-2020. Deductive coding supported the fit with the CHIME framework but revealed difficulties, losses, and tensions within and across recovery processes. The proposed framework for personal recovery in bipolar disorder, Purpose and meaning, Optimism and hope, Empowerment, Tensions, Identity, Connectedness (POETIC), organises all CHIME processes around these tensions. LIMITATIONS: Diversity among study participants was limited with majority middle-aged, female, Western participants. CONCLUSIONS: The compact POETIC personal recovery framework tailored for bipolar disorder is directly applicable to clinical practice with personal recovery objectives. It highlights the need for professionals to introduce personal recovery in a realistic and balanced way to address recent criticism by service user organisations of personal recovery as overly optimistic.


Assuntos
Transtorno Bipolar , Transtornos Psicóticos , Feminino , Esperança , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Otimismo , Pesquisa Qualitativa
17.
J Psychol ; 155(7): 624-640, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34185612

RESUMO

Studies have shown that sense of power is positively associated with subjective well-being, but this relationship has proved inconsistent in collectivist contexts. The present study aimed to investigate the relationship between sense of power, well-being outcomes, and psychological maladjustment in Chinese early adults, and further investigated the potential mediating role of hope. Sense of power, dispositional hope, life satisfaction, and positive and negative affect were measured in Study 1 (n = 522). Sense of power was found to be positively related to hope and to emotional and cognitive well-being. Furthermore, mediating analysis indicated that hope-agency (but not hope-pathway) was a significant mediator of the relationship between perceived power and subjective well-being. Study 2 (n = 391) additionally measured loneliness and perceived stress as components of psychological maladjustment. The results showed that sense of power was negatively associated with stress and loneliness, and that hope-agency partially mediated the link of perceived power to psychological maladjustment. Overall, our findings contribute to a deeper understanding of the relationship between sense of power and well-being outcomes, and suggest that a sense of power might foster people's well-being and mental health by activating their motivation to achieve desired goals.


Assuntos
Esperança , Solidão , Adulto , Emoções , Humanos , Motivação , Personalidade
18.
Int J Psychoanal ; 102(1): 3-15, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33952008

RESUMO

This essay is about what it is like to read Freud again in the time of the coronavirus pandemic. It offers a close reading of Freud's essay "On Transience" and it brings to light how it might be read differently with the thoughts of world-catastrophe on our minds.


Assuntos
COVID-19/psicologia , Teoria Freudiana , Esperança , Humanos , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2
19.
PLoS One ; 16(5): e0251641, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33984059

RESUMO

Limited evidence exists to help understand the experiences of university students in relation to the long-term lockdown due to the COVID-19 pandemic. For that reason, we conducted a study using a phenomenographic approach in order to understand how university students perceive COVID-19 and the associated lockdown. Data were collected from 25 students in Pakistan. They were asked to demonstrate the psychological effects of the COVID-19 pandemic and lockdown in illustrations. In addition, in-depth interviews were conducted with these students, to gain further insights into their perspectives on the psychosocial effects of the COVID-19 pandemic. The analysis revealed four interlinked directions for understanding students' experiences. These themes were: 1) escape into peace, 2) hope for personal freedom, 3) fear of becoming a victim of COVID-19, and 4) concerns regarding education, future career, and opportunities. All four themes were analyzed and condensed into an outcome space, which further gathers the perceptions of students under one theme as "Hope for life while paradoxically living with fear". Studying the psychological impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and lockdown on students not only highlighted their concerns, but also emphasized the importance of starting regular psychological evaluations and stress-releasing sessions, along with online education to overcome growing depression.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Estudantes , Ansiedade/etiologia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Depressão/etiologia , Educação à Distância , Medo , Feminino , Esperança , Humanos , Masculino , Paquistão/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Estudantes/psicologia , Universidades
20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34000168

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To focus on the first feelings, attitudes, and planned reactions of psychiatric workers in Hungary to the news of the appearance of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and to examine any differences between psychiatrists/psychologists and nurses/other professionals regarding these attitudes. METHODS: Hungarian psychiatric workers (N = 119) including psychiatrists/psychologists (n = 78) and nurses/other professionals (n = 41) participated in the study. To measure attitudes, a questionnaire was designed consisting of 7 questions and filled out within 1-3 days after the declaration of emergency in response to COVID-19 in Hungary on March 11, 2020. RESULTS: Psychiatric workers, especially psychiatrists/psychologists, regarded information gathering from valid sources as important. When examining the first feelings, we found that the psychiatrists/psychologists group tended to feel higher extent of anxiety, while the nurses/other professionals group showed higher extent of hope. When investigating willingness to work in the pandemic situation, a lower percentage of Hungarian psychiatric workers (58%) would choose to continue working compared to previous research. Answers to open-ended questions revealed that denial was the most frequent coping reaction. CONCLUSIONS: These differences could be attributed to the finding that psychiatrists/psychologists, who had faced the reality of the virus situation via the news, tended to have more realistic attitudes toward the virus, while nurses/other professionals, who had avoided valid information, tended to have less realistic attitudes.


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , COVID-19 , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Psiquiatria , Psicologia , Adulto , Ansiedade , Feminino , Esperança , Hospitais Psiquiátricos , Humanos , Hungria , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Enfermagem Psiquiátrica , SARS-CoV-2 , Serviço Social em Psiquiatria , Assistentes Sociais , Inquéritos e Questionários
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