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1.
Nature ; 585(7823): 35-36, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32879497

Assuntos
Esperança , Deutério
2.
AMA J Ethics ; 22(1): E739-740, 2020 08 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32880365

RESUMO

This painting memorializes the lives of people who died in the COVID-19 pandemic and people who have died from police brutality.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Homicídio , Medicina nas Artes , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Polícia , Racismo , Beneficência , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/mortalidade , Empatia , Esperança , Humanos , Vida , Obras Pictóricas como Assunto , Pneumonia Viral/mortalidade , Respiração , Taraxacum
3.
BMJ ; 370: m3016, 2020 09 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32907822
4.
Psychiatr Danub ; 32(Suppl 1): 10-14, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32890354

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In the times of serious health alarm, as it is happening in the COVID-19 pandemic, burden of healthcare is likely to explode. The current pandemic is having a profound effect on all aspects of society, including mental health and physical health. In a previous study we showed interaction between compassion fatigue, burnout and workload. METHODS: In our study, we have evaluated stress levels in 102 healthcare workers recruited in different rehabilitation departments (psychiatric and multidisciplinary). In particular, we evaluated the fatigue of compassion, vicarious trauma, burnout and hope (hopelessness) in the first two months of lookdown due to the COVID-19. RESULTS: The results obtained after the administration of the following evaluation scales: sCFs, CBI, Pro QOL, HBS, showed an overall increase in the scores in all professional figures. Significant compassion fatigue and burnout percentage is present in several groups. The highest levels of hopelessness in some professional figures, while higher educational levels can protect workers from the risk of developing high levels of work stress. CONCLUSIONS: The data obtained with this study are similar to those of our previous study, although they may indicate that during the period of the coronavirus pandemic the scores of the several scales used are higher.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional , Fadiga por Compaixão , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Empatia , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Betacoronavirus , Esperança , Humanos , Pandemias , Inquéritos e Questionários
6.
PLoS One ; 15(6): e0234143, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32479528

RESUMO

This study's main purpose was to explore the effects of active leisure participation on poor children's psychological capital, while also investigating the mediated effect of peer support. The sample consisted of 483 economically disadvantaged children, selected and analysed from the Taiwan Database of Children and Youth in Poverty (fifth wave). The study employed partial least squares-structural equation modelling to analyse the relationship between the variables: active leisure participation (exercise and nature travel), peer support, and psychological capital in economically disadvantaged children. The results showed that active leisure participation improved psychological capital and peer support in economically disadvantaged students; and peer support was an important mediator between the other two variables.


Assuntos
Exercício Físico , Atividades de Lazer , Apoio Social , Adolescente , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Esperança , Humanos , Masculino , Otimismo , Resiliência Psicológica , Autoeficácia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Taiwan , Populações Vulneráveis
7.
Crim Behav Ment Health ; 30(2-3): 141-150, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32483870

RESUMO

Dialectical behaviour therapy (DBT) is a therapy model incorporating elements of Eastern philosophies and cognitive behavioural principles. Originally designed for people struggling with chronic suicidality and borderline personality disorder (BPD), it has been adapted to treat complex, multi-diagnostic presentations, such as those in forensic mental health settings. To date, there has been little evaluation when the primary diagnosis is of psychosis. To explore the effectiveness of DBT, with patients, with multiple comorbidities, including psychosis, in a forensic psychiatric inpatient setting. A descriptive outcome study with a cohort of offender-patients in one specialist forensic mental health unit. Before and after treatment change scores were compared on anger, aggression, hopefulness, coping abilities, emotional intelligence, insight and subjective symptom severity scales, as well as staff-rated risk, and length of stay. Nine men and five women residents in one Canadian secure hospital completed a standard DBT programme, and self-ratings, over about 1 year. Scale scores indicated significantly increased insight and acknowledgment of problems. Apparently increased anger and vengeance scores were clinically associated. Independent staff ratings indicated reductions in risk and most patients achieved early release. This study provides support for extension of the use of DBT to offender-patients with psychosis among the complex mix in their presentation. It suggests that a randomised controlled trial with cost-benefit analysis is warranted, as well as further work, to promote understanding of mechanisms of effectiveness.


Assuntos
Transtorno da Personalidade Borderline/terapia , Criminosos/psicologia , Terapia do Comportamento Dialético/métodos , Psiquiatria Legal/métodos , Prisioneiros/psicologia , Violência/prevenção & controle , Adaptação Psicológica , Adulto , Agressão , Ira , Transtorno da Personalidade Borderline/diagnóstico , Transtorno da Personalidade Borderline/psicologia , Canadá , Inteligência Emocional , Emoções , Feminino , Esperança , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inventário de Personalidade , Transtornos Psicóticos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 79(7): 849-850, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32414806
15.
J Contin Educ Nurs ; 51(5): 203-204, 2020 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-143896

RESUMO

Pandemics are by nature "out of the blue." Their unpredictable nature and impact can leave nurses and support systems reeling. Nurses are physically and emotionally exhausted but also may be isolated from the physical and emotional support of families and other loved ones. As leaders concurrently manage the logistical and resource challenges of the COVID-19 epidemic, it is essential for leaders to also lift their gaze to the future. Leaders can be a force multiplier for supporting resilience in their teams. [J Contin Educ Nurs. 2020;51(5):203-204].


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Esperança , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Emoções , Humanos , Liderança , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Cuidados de Enfermagem , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico
17.
J Contin Educ Nurs ; 51(5): 203-204, 2020 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32347955

RESUMO

Pandemics are by nature "out of the blue." Their unpredictable nature and impact can leave nurses and support systems reeling. Nurses are physically and emotionally exhausted but also may be isolated from the physical and emotional support of families and other loved ones. As leaders concurrently manage the logistical and resource challenges of the COVID-19 epidemic, it is essential for leaders to also lift their gaze to the future. Leaders can be a force multiplier for supporting resilience in their teams. [J Contin Educ Nurs. 2020;51(5):203-204].


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Esperança , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Emoções , Humanos , Liderança , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Cuidados de Enfermagem , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico
18.
Health Qual Life Outcomes ; 18(1): 112, 2020 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32345317

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Improving quality of life (QoL) has been one of the goals of health care for people living with oral cancer. This study aimed to assess QoL and investigate the effects of stigma, hope, and social support on QoL among Chinese oral cancer patients. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted at the Department of Stomatology, Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University and Stomatology Hospital of China Medical University in Liaoning Province, China, between May 2016 and October 2017. A total of 230 oral cancer patients were recruited to complete a questionnaire including the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Head and Neck (FACT-H&N), the Social Impact Scale (SIS), the Herth Hope Index (HHI) and the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS). Univariate one-way ANOVA/t-test, Person's r and hierarchical linear regression analysis were conducted to explore the factors influencing QoL and the relationships between stigma, hope, perceived social support and QoL. RESULTS: The mean QoL score was 90.85 ± 20.15 among the patients with oral cancer. Stigma was negatively related to QoL, explaining 39.3% of the variance. In addition, hope and perceived social support were positively associated with QoL, explaining 8.1% of the variance. CONCLUSION: Overall, Chinese patients with oral cancer suffer from low QoL. Stigma was significantly and negatively associated with QoL, while hope and perceived social support were positively associated with QoL. Oral cancer patients' psychological states should be addressed, and adequate intervention based on positive psychological resources should be provided to improve the QoL of patients with oral cancer.


Assuntos
Esperança , Neoplasias Bucais/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Estigma Social , Apoio Social , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Análise de Variância , China , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Lineares , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
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