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Invest. educ. enferm ; 39(3): 149-160, 15 octubre del 2021. Tab, Ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1348636


Objective. To determine the relationship between spiritual intelligence (SI) and professional self-concept (PSC) among Iranian nurses. Methods. This is a correlation study. A convenience sampling method was used and 344 nurses were selected from hospitals of Jahrom University of Medical Sciences. Data collection standard tools included two validated scales: Cowin's Nurse Self-Concept Questionnaire (36 items scored ranged from 1 to 8; Maximum score=288; 6 subcategories: General Nurse Self-Concept, Knowledge, Care, Communication, Staff Relation and Leadership) and Abdollahzadeh's SI Questionnaire (29 items scored ranged from 0 to 5; Maximum score=145; 2 subcategories: Relying on the inner core and Understanding and communicating with the origin of the universe. Results. The mean total score of PSC was 220.3±30.61 and 120.67±16.13 for SI. There was a significant statistical correlation between PSC (r=0.348, p<0.0001) and almost all subcategories and SI. The results of the regression analysis showed that SI predicts 13.3% of the variance of PSC (p<0.0001). Conclusion. Considering the correlation of SI and PSC among Iranian nurses, it is suggested that strategies be used to train and promote the SI of nurses.

Objetivo. Determinar la relación entre la inteligencia espiritual y el autoconcepto profesional entre las enfermeras iraníes. Métodos. Se trata de un estudio correlacional. Se utilizó un método de muestreo por conveniencia y se seleccionaron 344 enfermeras de los hospitales de la Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de Jahrom. Los instrumentos de recolección de los datos incluían dos escalas validadas: Cuestionario de autoconcepto de la enfermera de Cowin (36 ítems con puntuaciones que van de 1 a 8; puntuación máxima=288; 6 subcategorías: Autoconcepto enfermero general, Conocimiento, Cuidados, Comunicación, Relación con el personal y Liderazgo) y el Cuestionario de Inteligencia Espiritual de Abdollahzadeh (29 ítems puntuados de 0 a 5; Puntuación máxima=145; 2 subcategorías: Apoyarse en el núcleo interno y Comprender y comunicarse con el origen del universo). Resultados. La puntuación total media del Autoconcepto Profesional fue de 220.3±30.61 y de 120.67±16.13 para Inteligencia Espiritual. Hubo una correlación estadística significativa entre el puntaje total de la escala Autoconcepto Professional (r=0.348, p<0.0001) y de casi todas sus subcategorías, con la Inteligencia Espiritual. Los resultados del análisis de regresión mostraron que la Inteligencia Espiritual predice el 13.3% de la varianza del autoconcepto profesional (p<0.0001). Conclusión. Existe correlación entre la Inteligencia Espiritual y el Autoconcepto Profesional entre las enfermeras iraníes. En este sentido, se sugiere que se utilicen estrategias para formar y promover la Inteligencia Espiritual de las enfermeras.

Objetivo. Determinar a relação entre inteligência espiritual e autoconceito profissional entre enfermeiras iranianas. Métodos. Este é um estudo correlacional. Um método de amostragem de conveniência foi usado e 344 enfermeiras foram selecionadas dos hospitais da Jahrom University of Medical Sciences. Os instrumentos de coleta de dados incluíram duas escalas validadas: Questionário de autoconceito do enfermeiro de Cowin (36 itens com pontuação variando de 1 a 8; pontuação máxima = 288; 6 subcategorias: Autoconceito geral de enfermagem, Conhecimento, Cuidado, Comunicação, Relacionamento com a equipe e Liderança) e o Questionário de Inteligência Espiritual de Abdollahzadeh (29 itens pontuados de 0 a 5; Pontuação máxima = 145; 2 subcategorias: Baseando-se no núcleo interno e entendendo e se comunicando com a origem do universo. Resultados. A pontuação total média para o profissional do autoconceito foi de 220.3 ± 30.61 e 120.67 ± 16.13 para Inteligência Espiritual, houve correlação estatisticamente significante entre a pontuação total da escala de Autoconceito Profissional (r = 0.348, p <0.0001) e quase todas as suas subcategorias, com Inteligência Espiritual. Os resultados da análise de regressão mostraram que a Inteligência Espiritual prediz 13.3% da variância do autoconceito ou profissional (p <0.0001). Conclusão. Existe uma correlação entre Inteligência Espiritual e Autoconceito Profissional entre os enfermeiros iranianos,

Humanos , Autoimagem , Espiritualismo , Inteligência , Irã (Geográfico) , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 79(9): 848-850, Sept. 2021. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345338


ABSTRACT Faustino Monteiro Esposel was a renowned neurologist from Rio de Janeiro, born on October 24, 1888. Together with his mentor, Professor Antônio Austregésilo Rodrigues Lima - the founder of modern Brazilian Neurology -, Professor Esposel described one of the rival signs of the Babinski sign, known as the Austregésilo-Esposel sign, in a study published in the renowned journal L'Encéphale in 1912. This article aims to summarize the life story of this illustrious neurologist as well as to highlight his achievements "beyond medicine".

RESUMO Faustino Monteiro Esposel foi um renomado neurologista do Rio de Janeiro, nascido em 24 de outubro de 1888. Junto de seu mentor, o Professor Antônio Austregésilo Rodrigues Lima, considerado o pai da Neurologia brasileira moderna, descreveu um dos sinais sucedâneos do sinal de Babinski, conhecido como sinal de Austregésilo-Esposel, publicado no renomado periódico L'Encéphale em 1912. Este artigo tem como objetivo trazer a história deste ilustre neurologista, destacando também seus feitos "além da medicina".

História do Século XX , Futebol Americano , Neurologia , Espiritualismo , Brasil , Neurologistas
Holist Nurs Pract ; 35(4): 206-210, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34115739


This article aims to share the historical context of spirituality in nursing, meanings and expressions of spirituality, and different models of spirituality along with its significance in nursing education and practice. Several challenges and tools for the successful integration of spirituality in education and practice are also discussed.

Atenção à Saúde/métodos , Espiritualismo/psicologia , Atenção à Saúde/tendências , Humanos , Modelos de Enfermagem , Papel do Profissional de Enfermagem/psicologia
Lit Med ; 39(1): 108-132, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34176814


"The student who dives deep into the mysteries that enshrine Truth . . . will tell of her beauties, and proclaim to those who have ears to hear the words of healing." So wrote English cleric and spiritualist W. Stainton Moses in his Spirit Teachings (1883)-or, if Moses is to be believed, so wrote the spirit "Imperator," who, promising spiritual and bodily edification, enlisted Moses as his earthly amanuensis. Treating purportedly real spirit writings like those transcribed by Moses and the discourses of their reception in occultism, psychical research, and literature, this paper examines the phenomenon of automatic writing, also called spirit writing, passive writing, or psychography, as an evolving means of wellness and, later, a source of medical prescription from the 1850s through the 1890s. This essay suggests a yet-unintuited connection between the rise of automatic writing and the Spasmodic poetics alternately championed and critiqued by Sydney Dobell.

Medicina na Literatura/história , Prescrições , Espiritualismo/história , Redação , História do Século XIX , Humanos
Arq Neuropsiquiatr ; 79(9): 848-850, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34133502


Faustino Monteiro Esposel was a renowned neurologist from Rio de Janeiro, born on October 24, 1888. Together with his mentor, Professor Antônio Austregésilo Rodrigues Lima - the founder of modern Brazilian Neurology -, Professor Esposel described one of the rival signs of the Babinski sign, known as the Austregésilo-Esposel sign, in a study published in the renowned journal L'Encéphale in 1912. This article aims to summarize the life story of this illustrious neurologist as well as to highlight his achievements "beyond medicine".

Futebol Americano , Neurologia , Brasil , História do Século XX , Humanos , Neurologistas , Espiritualismo
Nurs Philos ; 22(3): e12355, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34029437


In this paper, the historical alignment of nursing with divinity-based perspectives and modern New Age nursing theories are explored. The nature of divinity in nursing is examined, together with the complexities and issues that arise in adopting a spiritual basis for care. The work of the key theorists in this area (Rogers, Newman, Parse, Watson, Dossey) is reconsidered and fundamental epistemological problems inherent in this approach reviewed. Specific concerns with the interpretation of holistic care, adoption of doxastic logic, faith-based rationales, influence of Caucasian Judeo-Christian and New Age values, misappropriation of science, use of pseudoscience and development of divinity as social consumer product are discussed. Practical problems with using a spiritual basis in contemporary nursing practice are also explored and the alignment of divinity-based nursing theories with the modern antiscience movement is examined. Overall, the re-emergence of divinity-based nursing and spiritual basis for care may be problematic, and would seem to counter the development of an inclusive profession. Additionally, the alignment of nursing with antiscience movements rejecting biomedicine has significant public health implications. This is argued as a regressive step for the advancement of the profession.

Filosofia em Enfermagem , Espiritualismo , Humanos
Nurs Philos ; 22(3): e12350, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33735494


Reservations concerning the ontologies of theism, transhumanism and posthumanism compel an explicatory discourse on their influences on Nursing and rehabilitation healthcare. Key journals in Nursing and health sciences have recently devoted themed issues on intelligent machine technologies such as humanoid healthcare robots and other highly technological healthcare devices and practice initiatives. While the technological advance witnessed has been a cause for celebration, questions still remain that are focused on the epistemological concerns. The purpose of this article is to discuss theistic ontologies such as the Judeo-Christian, Shinto-Buddhist and Islamic religious belief systems on transhumanism and posthumanism in the assimilation of symbiotic technological beings in Nursing and rehabilitation healthcare practice. In view of the approaching technological singularity dominating arguments regarding the future of human beings, a treatise on Nursing and rehabilitation health care is positioned well within the realms of human care. Theism, transhumanism and posthumanism are directing discussions regarding human beings and healthcare processes. It is imperative that the beneficial effects of these discussions be acknowledged within the highly technological world of Nursing and rehabilitative healthcare.

Humanismo , Enfermagem/tendências , Reabilitação/tendências , Melhoramento Biomédico/métodos , Humanos , Reabilitação/ética , Espiritualismo/psicologia
Memorandum ; 38: [1-23], jan.2021.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1353001


O objetivo deste estudo é refletir sobre os processos de desenvolvimento humano de pessoas que atuam como médiuns em comunidades espíritas na cidade de Uberaba, Estado de Minas Gerais, Brasil. Para tanto, foi empregado o modelo bioecológico tanto para a compreensão do desenvolvimento humano como da experiência da mediunidade segundo as narrativas de nove médiuns de três casas espíritas diferentes, todas submetidas à análise temática reflexiva. As relações proximais estabelecidas nos centros espíritas foram apontadas como importantes para a compreensão da experiência mediúnica, com destaque para o aprendizado oportunizado não apenas pelo estudo da doutrina dentro da instituição comodo trabalho assistencial presente no microssistema. No espiritismo, o caráter temporal ultrapassa os limites da experiência terrena, passível de compreensão bioecológica, sendo necessário que o cronossistema considere o progresso espiritual através de diferentes encarnações. A mediunidade marcou, nesses participantes, uma importante transição ecológica responsável por evidenciar a ocorrência do desenvolvimento humano.

The aim of this study is to reflect on the human development processes of people who work as mediums in spiritist communities in the city of Uberaba, State of Minas Gerais, Brazil. The bioecological model was used both to understand human development and the experience of mediumship according to the narratives of nine mediums from three different spiritist houses, all of which were submitted to reflective thematic analysis. The proximal relationships established in the spiritist centers were pointed out as important for the understanding of the mediumistic experience, with emphasis on the learning provided not only by the study of the doctrine within the institution but also of the assistance work present in the microsystem. In spiritism, the temporal character goes beyond the limits of the earthly experience, capable of bioecological understanding, being necessary that the chronosystem considers the spiritual progress through different incarnations. Mediumship marked, in these participants, an important ecological transition responsible for highlighting the occurrence of human development.

Espiritualismo , Religião
J Holist Nurs ; 39(2): 187-198, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33089740


BACKGROUND: Research shows that spirituality is important, but patients report that nurses rarely address spiritual issues, and research from the patient viewpoint is limited. AIM: The research objective was to gain knowledge about hospitalized patients' perspectives on spiritual assessment by nurses. METHOD: This is a mixed methods exploratory study reporting on quantitative/qualitative aspects of the patient perspective. Norwegian nurses in an acute care hospital distributed a 21-item spiritual assessment survey to patients they felt would not be burdened by completing it. Patients' demographic data were not identifiable, survey packets were returned anonymously via hospital mail by 157 hospitalized patients. Each survey item and several variables on the demographic sheet had space for comments. Quantitative analysis used SPSS 21, qualitative data were thematically analyzed. FINDINGS: Statistically significant correlations were found with all survey items. Hospitalized people reported high comfort with spiritual assessment by nurses. Qualitative findings revealed that patients had differing views on if, when, and how nurses should ask spiritual questions of them. CONCLUSIONS: It is important to identify patients' perspectives in order to provide patient-centered holistic care. Understanding patient views will enlighten nurses and may promote spiritual care and improve patient health outcomes.

Pacientes/psicologia , Espiritualismo/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Hospitalização , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Noruega , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Inquéritos e Questionários
Orthop Clin North Am ; 52(1): 41-52, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33222983


The growing epidemic of physician burnout suggests that a change is needed. Physician wellness is an ever-growing consideration, especially in orthopedic surgery, where the challenges to wellness are significant. This review provides many common sense wellness principles and solutions in four main components of wellness (physical, mental, emotional, and spiritual) interwoven with current research on the topic. Although directed to orthopedic surgeons, this guide can be applied to all physicians, because they are based on common human principles of wellness. Wellness is not created overnight, so wellness practices that increase the likelihood of experiencing wellness are encouraged.

Saúde Mental , Cirurgiões Ortopédicos/psicologia , Esgotamento Profissional , Dieta Saudável , Emoções , Exercício Físico/psicologia , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Humanos , Meditação , Atenção Plena , Cultura Organizacional , Grupo Associado , Resiliência Psicológica , Autoimagem , Sono , Apoio Social , Navegação Espacial , Espiritualismo , Estresse Psicológico
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1147525


Objetivo: Identificar as Representações Sociais sobre o processo saúde-doença no Espiritismo. Método: Estudo descritivo com abordagem qualitativa. Utilizados na pesquisa conceitos das Representações Sociais de acordo com Serge Moscovici. A coleta dos dados ocorreu através de entrevista semi-estruturada e aplicação da técnica livre associação de palavras e observação Livre. Resultados: O espiritismo crê que conquistamos a saúde quando estamos harmonizados conosco e com as leis divinas. Qualquer descumprimento dessas leis divinas gera um desequilíbrio no ser humano. Conclusão: A Enfermagem necessita reconhecer essas Representações Sociais, visto que elas irão esclarecer aos profissionais as experiências de pacientes religiosos, o modo como assimilam seu estado patológico e isto é um desafio para articulação de estratégias de aproximação

Objective: To identify as Social Representatives about the health-disease process in Spiritism. Method: Descriptive study with qualitative approach. Users in the magazine concepts of the Social Representations according to Serge Moscovici. The data collection was performed through a semistructured interview and the application of free set of free words and observations. Results: Spiritualism believes that it has gained health when we are harmonized with the divine laws. Any breach of divine law creates an imbalance in the human being. Conclusion: The Disease Associated with Social Representations, with the aim of being more exposed to professionals such as patient experiences, the way they assimilate their pathological condition and is a challenge for the articulation of strategies of approximation

Objetivo: identificar como Representantes Sociales sobre el proceso saludenfermedad en el Espiritismo. Método: estudio descriptivo con enfoque cualitativo. Usuarios en la revista conceptos de las Representaciones Sociales de acuerdo con Serge Moscovici. La recolección de los datos fue realizada por medio de entrevista semiestructurada y la aplicación del conjunto libre de palabras y observaciones libres. Resultados: el espiritismo cree que ha conquistado la salud cuando estamos armonizados con las leyes divinas. Cualquier incumplimiento de leyes divinas genera un desequilibrio en el ser humano. Conclusión: la Enfermedad asociada a las Representaciones Sociales, con el objetivo de estar más expuestas a los profesionales como las experiencias de enfermos, el modo como asimilan su estado patológico y es un desafío para la articulación de estrategias de aproximación

Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Religião , Espiritualismo , Processo Saúde-Doença , Percepção Social , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Enfermagem Holística , Pesquisa Qualitativa
J Contin Educ Health Prof ; 40(4): 228-234, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33284173


INTRODUCTION: Meeting spiritual needs of patients is an important aspect of quality health care, but continuing professional development and training to provide spiritual care remains inadequate. The purpose was to identify participants' learning from simulation-based spiritual generalist workshops and application to practice. METHODS: Interdisciplinary participants completed self-report demographic questionnaires before the workshops and questionnaires after workshops that listed open-ended take-home learning. Responses were analyzed using qualitative content analysis. A subgroup was surveyed 3 to 9 months after training to examine whether and how participants had incorporated workshop learning into clinical work. RESULTS: Workshop participants 181/211 (85.8%) reported learning in four categories: core values and skills of spiritual generalists, understanding spirituality/religion and its role in health care, interfacing with chaplaincy, and interprofessional teamwork. Of the subsample, 73.5% (25/34) completed surveys 3 to 9 months after training. Of those, 25/25 (100%) reported drawing on what they learned in workshops, and 24/25 (96%) reported making clinical practice changes. DISCUSSION: One-day spiritual generalist simulation-based workshops can improve continuing professional development learning experiences to provide generalist level of spiritual care. Workshops offered valuable learning and resulted in applicable clinical skills across professional roles. At 3 to 9 months after training, participants reported improved spiritual screening, recognition of spiritual distress, and referral to chaplaincy.

Prestação Integrada de Cuidados de Saúde/métodos , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Aprendizagem , Espiritualismo , Adulto , Educação/métodos , Educação/tendências , Feminino , Pessoal de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Papel Profissional/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
JMIR Public Health Surveill ; 6(3): e10959, 2020 07 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32673259


BACKGROUND: Pretravel health advice can play a crucial role in improving both travelers' awareness about disease risk and compliance with preventive measures. General practitioners (GPs) and the internet have been reported internationally to be the main sources of health advice for travelers to non-mass gathering (MG) destinations. However, few studies have attempted to investigate the sources of health advice among travelers to MGs including the Hajj pilgrimage, and none of these studies further investigated the impact of pretravel advice on pilgrims' health behaviors. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate the impact of the source of pretravel health advice (from GPs and specialized Hajj travel agents) on Hajj pilgrims' awareness of and compliance with health recommendations, and the incidence of Hajj-associated illnesses. METHODS: A prospective cohort study (before and during Hajj) was conducted among Australian pilgrims aged ≥18 years in 2015. RESULTS: A total of 421 pilgrims participated prior to Hajj, and 391 (93%) provided follow-up data during Hajj. All participants obtained pretravel health advice from one or more sources, with Hajj travel agents (46%) and general practitioners (GPs; 40%) the most commonly reported sources. In total, 288 (74%) participants reported Hajj-related symptoms, of which 86% (248/288) were respiratory symptoms. Participants who obtained pretravel health advice from travel agents were more likely to be aware of the official Saudi recommendations (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 2.1, 95% CI 1.2-3.8; P=.01), receive recommended vaccines before travel (aOR 2.4, 95% CI 1.4-3.9; P=.01), use hand sanitizers including soap (aOR 2.5, 95% CI 1.1-6.1; P=.03), and wash their hands after touching an ill person during Hajj (aOR 2.9, 95% CI 1.1-7.1; P=.01), compared to those who sought advice from GPs. However, neither advice from travel agents nor GPs was associated with a lower incidence of Hajj-related illnesses. CONCLUSIONS: Advice from travel agents appeared to be accessed by more travelers than that from GPs, and was associated with an increased likelihood of positive travel health behaviors.

Relações Médico-Paciente , Espiritualismo , Medicina de Viagem/normas , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Humanos , Islamismo/psicologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , New South Wales/etnologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Arábia Saudita , Inquéritos e Questionários , Medicina de Viagem/métodos , Medicina de Viagem/estatística & dados numéricos
BMC Palliat Care ; 19(1): 92, 2020 Jun 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32600428


BACKGROUND: Palliative care should be holistic, but spiritual issues are often overlooked. General practitioners and nurses working together in PaTz-groups (palliative home care groups) consider spiritual issues in palliative care to be relevant, but experience barriers in addressing spiritual issues and finding spiritual caregivers. This study evaluates the feasibility and perceived added value of a listening consultation service by spiritual caregivers in primary palliative care. METHODS: From December 2018 until September 2019, we piloted a listening consultation service in which spiritual caregivers joined 3 PaTz-groups whose members referred patients or their relatives with spiritual care needs to them. Evaluation occurred through (i) monitoring of the implementation, (ii) in-depth interviews with patients (n = 5) and involved spiritual caregivers (n = 5), (iii) short group interviews in 3 PaTz-groups (17 GPs, 10 nurses and 3 palliative consultants), and (iv) questionnaires filled out by the GP after each referral, and by the spiritual caregiver after each consultation. Data was analysed thematically and descriptively. RESULTS: Consultations mostly took place on appointment at the patients home instead of originally intended walk-in consultation hours. Consultations were most often with relatives (72%), followed by patients and relatives together (17%) and patients (11%). Relatives also had more consecutive consultations (mean 4.1 compared to 2.2 for patients). Consultations were on existential and relational issues, loss, grief and identity were main themes. Start-up of the referrals took more time and effort than expected. In time, several GPs of each PaTz-group referred patients to the spiritual caregiver. In general, consultations and joint PaTz-meetings were experienced as of added value. All patients and relatives as well as several GPs and nurses experienced more attention for and awareness of the spiritual domain. Patients and relatives particularly valued professional support of spiritual caregivers, as well as recognition of grief as an normal aspect of life. CONCLUSIONS: If sufficient effort is given to implementation, listening consultation services can be a good method for PaTz-groups to find and cooperate with spiritual caregivers, as well as for integrating spiritual care in primary palliative care. This may strengthen care in the spiritual domain, especially for relatives who are mourning.

Cuidados Paliativos/métodos , Satisfação do Paciente , Encaminhamento e Consulta/normas , Espiritualismo , Adulto , Cuidadores/psicologia , Cuidadores/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Grupos Focais/métodos , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Países Baixos , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Encaminhamento e Consulta/tendências , Inquéritos e Questionários
Qual Life Res ; 29(10): 2807-2814, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32468404


PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine if multidimensional (physical, mental, social, spiritual) health status could predict the presence of depressive symptoms and suicidal ideation in the general population. METHODS: We administered a population-based, cross-sectional survey to 1200 participants from the general Korean population. The survey included the 5 Health Status Questionnaire (5HSQ) for self-rated health status, Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) for depression, and a question from the PHQ-9 for suicidal ideation. Multiple logistic regression was performed to estimate the association of significant socio-demographic factors and self-rated health status with depression and suicidal ideation. RESULTS: Physical health status was associated with depression in both men and women (men: adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 4.69; 95% confidence interval [CI] 2.44-9.00; women: aOR, 2.05; 95% CI 1.13-3.72) while spiritual health status only affected men (aOR, 5.50; 95% CI 2.59-11.65) and mental health status only women (aOR, 3.92; 95% CI 2.03-7.54). Social health status was associated with suicidal ideation in men (aOR, 4.87; 95% CI 2.74-19.99) while mental health status was associated with suicidal ideation in women (aOR, 4.31; 95% CI 1.90-9.76). CONCLUSION: Physical, mental, social, and spiritual self-rated health statuses were all found to be associated with an individual's predisposition to depression and suicidal ideation with notable differences between men and women.

Depressão/psicologia , Nível de Saúde , Saúde Mental/normas , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Espiritualismo/psicologia , Ideação Suicida , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores Sociais
Explore (NY) ; 16(5): 304-309, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32268983


Historical records suggest that channeling has existed globally, in a variety of cultures, for thousands of years, and recent research suggests that channeling is more prevalent than most people realize. The present study used an online survey to explore mental health factors, personality characteristics, subjective experiences, and the impact of channeling on 83 participants who self-identified as trance channelers. Most participants endorsed being spiritual but not religious as adults, and on average the channeling experiences began at middle age. The majority of participants did not report pathological levels of dissociative or psychotic symptoms, anxiety or depression. Compared to relevant norms, participants reported similar scores on most personality factors, psychological absorption and empathy. Participants' average scores on emotional and environmental sensitivity corresponded to being designated as sensory-processing sensitives. Participants reported high levels of noetic beliefs and experiences, particularly beliefs in life after death, non-local consciousness, and telepathy. Most participants reported that their channeling process is willful and consensual and that they are consciously aware of the channeling state while it occurs. The majority of participants also reported a positive impact of channeling on their lives. Lower psychotic symptoms, older age when the trance channeling experiences began, and higher sensitivity scores predicted a greater positive impact of trance on participants' lives. Given that trance channeling has played a role in religious and spiritual traditions around the world throughout history, the present study provides an important exploration of the trance channeling phenomenon.

Saúde Mental/estatística & dados numéricos , Telepatia , Adulto , Estado de Consciência , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Personalidade , Espiritualismo , Inquéritos e Questionários
JAMA ; 323(12): 1196, 2020 03 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32207785
J Homosex ; 67(10): 1367-1385, 2020 Aug 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30938656


We evaluated the dimensionality and measurement invariance of the Spiritual Values/Religion (SVR) subscale from the Self-Description Questionnaire III across heterosexual and non-heterosexual young adults. We found a one-factor model provided adequate fit to the data for each group, with the SVR items exhibiting configural, metric, and scalar invariance across the two groups. Given that we established measurement invariance, we examined the latent mean difference on the construct and found the heterosexual group reported significantly higher levels of spiritual value/religion than the non-heterosexual group. Our results provided empirical support for the theorized factor structure of the SVR items and the use of the SVR subscale across heterosexual and non-heterosexual young adults, making the scale a viable option for researchers studying religiosity in these specific subpopulations.

Heterossexualidade/psicologia , Homossexualidade/psicologia , Testes Psicológicos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adolescente , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Religião , Religião e Sexo , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Valores Sociais , Espiritualismo , Adulto Jovem