Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 2.805
Filtrar
1.
BMJ Case Rep ; 14(1)2021 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33514619

RESUMO

We report the case of a 43-year-old man, suffering from ankylosing spondylitis and treated with Infliximab 5 mg/kg every 2 months, with an excellent disease control. During a follow-up consultation, an incipient renal insufficiency is detected. A urine analysis showed haematuria and proteinuria and a renal puncture-biopsy revealed an image of IgA nephropathy.Several cases of IgA nephropathy have been reported in the literature associated with ankylosing spondylitis. Some of them occur in patients treated with antitumour necrosis factor, but it is unclear whether this pathology is caused by the treatment or whether treatment failed to prevent its occurrence.Our clinical case highlights the importance of regular monitoring of renal function in patients with ankylosing spondylitis, as well as urinary spotting.The question of whether the disease itself, the treatment or other factors such as immune dysregulation could be held responsible for kidney disease will be addressed in the discussion.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Glomerulonefrite por IGA/patologia , Infliximab/uso terapêutico , Espondilite Anquilosante/complicações , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/antagonistas & inibidores , Antirreumáticos/administração & dosagem , Biópsia , Glomerulonefrite por IGA/diagnóstico , Glomerulonefrite por IGA/urina , Hematúria/diagnóstico , Humanos , Infliximab/administração & dosagem , Rim/patologia , Testes de Função Renal/normas , Masculino , Monitorização Fisiológica/normas , Proteinúria/diagnóstico , Remissão Espontânea , Espondilite Anquilosante/tratamento farmacológico
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(41): e22668, 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33031332

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between long-term spinal mobility improvements and early disease activity changes or achievement of clinical response criteria in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) treated with tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α) blockers.This retrospective study included 112 patients with AS treated with TNF-α blockers for up to 33 months. The paired t-test was used to compare outcome measures between visits. The correlation between disease activity changes and metrological improvements was analyzed using cumulative probability plots, Spearman correlation coefficient, and canonical correlation. The difference in metrological outcomes between responders and non-responders to clinical response criteria was also examined.Metrological and disease activity outcomes improved most markedly in month 3. All disease activity outcomes and ESR from baseline to month 3 (3-month) were significantly correlated with the Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Metrology Index (BASMI10) improvements from baseline to month 33 (33-month). The 3-month changes in ankylosing spondylitis disease activity score (ASDAS-CRP) and patient's global assessment showed a significant correlation with the 33-month changes in chest expansion. Only responders according to ASDAS major improvement at month 3 demonstrated significant 33-month improvements in both BASMI10 and chest expansion, compared to non-responders. Responders according to Assessment of Spondylo Arthritis international Society 40 at month 3 showed significant 33-month improvements in BASMI10, but not chest expansion, compared to non-responders.The degree of early changes in disease activity outcomes influenced the extent of long-term metrological improvements in AS treated with TNF-α blockers. Additionally, the achievement of ASDAS- major improvement at month 3 predicted significant metrological improvements throughout long-term TNF-α-blocker therapy.


Assuntos
Espondilite Anquilosante/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores do Fator de Necrose Tumoral/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Coluna Vertebral/efeitos dos fármacos , Inibidores do Fator de Necrose Tumoral/farmacologia
3.
Clin Rheumatol ; 39(12): 3529-3531, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33011932
4.
RMD Open ; 6(2)2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32878994

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Patients with inflammatory rheumatic diseases (IRD) infected with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) may be at risk to develop a severe course of COVID-19. The influence of immunomodulating drugs on the course of COVID-19 is unknown. To gather knowledge about SARS-CoV-2 infections in patients with IRD, we established a registry shortly after the beginning of the pandemic in Germany. METHODS: Using an online questionnaire (www.COVID19-rheuma.de), a nationwide database was launched on 30 March 2020, with appropriate ethical and data protection approval to collect data of patients with IRD infected with SARS-CoV-2. In this registry, key clinical and epidemiological parameters-for example, diagnosis of IRD, antirheumatic therapies, comorbidities and course of the infection-are documented. RESULTS: Until 25 April 2020, data from 104 patients with IRD infected with SARS-CoV-2 were reported (40 males; 63 females; 1 diverse). Most of them (45%) were diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis, 59% had one or more comorbidities and 42% were treated with biological disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs. Hospitalisation was reported in 32% of the patients. Two-thirds of the patients already recovered. Unfortunately, 6 patients had a fatal course. CONCLUSIONS: In a short time, a national registry for SARS-CoV2-infected patients with IRD was established. Within 4 weeks, 104 cases were documented. The registry enables to generate data rapidly in this emerging situation and to gain a better understanding of the course of SARS-CoV2-infection in patients with IRD, with a distinct focus on their immunomodulatory therapies. This knowledge is valuable for timely information of physicians and patients with IRD, and shall also serve for the development of guidance for the management of patients with IRD during this pandemic.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Produtos Biológicos/uso terapêutico , Infecções por Coronavirus/fisiopatologia , Pneumonia Viral/fisiopatologia , Sistema de Registros , Doenças Reumáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Artrite Psoriásica/complicações , Artrite Psoriásica/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Reumatoide/complicações , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/mortalidade , Feminino , Alemanha , Granulomatose com Poliangiite/complicações , Granulomatose com Poliangiite/tratamento farmacológico , Hospitalização , Humanos , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/complicações , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/mortalidade , Polimialgia Reumática/complicações , Polimialgia Reumática/tratamento farmacológico , Prognóstico , Doenças Reumáticas/complicações , Escleroderma Sistêmico/complicações , Escleroderma Sistêmico/tratamento farmacológico , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Espondilite Anquilosante/complicações , Espondilite Anquilosante/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto Jovem
7.
Clin Rheumatol ; 39(11): 3195-3204, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32852623

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Covid-19 infection poses a serious challenge for immune-compromised patients with inflammatory autoimmune systemic diseases. We investigated the clinical-epidemiological findings of 1641 autoimmune systemic disease Italian patients during the Covid-19 pandemic. METHOD: This observational multicenter study included 1641 unselected patients with autoimmune systemic diseases from three Italian geographical areas with different prevalence of Covid-19 [high in north (Emilia Romagna), medium in central (Tuscany), and low in south (Calabria)] by means of telephone 6-week survey. Covid-19 was classified as (1) definite diagnosis of Covid-19 disease: presence of symptomatic Covid-19 infection, confirmed by positive oral/nasopharyngeal swabs; (2) highly suspected Covid-19 disease: presence of highly suggestive symptoms, in absence of a swab test. RESULTS: A significantly higher prevalence of patients with definite diagnosis of Covid-19 disease, or with highly suspected Covid-19 disease, or both the conditions together, was observed in the whole autoimmune systemic disease series, compared to "Italian general population" (p = .030, p = .001, p = .000, respectively); and for definite + highly suspected diagnosis of Covid-19 disease, in patients with autoimmune systemic diseases of the three regions (p = .000, for all comparisons with the respective regional general population). Moreover, significantly higher prevalence of definite + highly suspected diagnosis of Covid-19 disease was found either in patients with various "connective tissue diseases" compared to "inflammatory arthritis group" (p < .000), or in patients without ongoing conventional synthetic disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs treatments (p = .011). CONCLUSIONS: The finding of a higher prevalence of Covid-19 in patients with autoimmune systemic diseases is particularly important, suggesting the need to develop valuable prevention/management strategies, and stimulates in-depth investigations to verify the possible interactions between Covid-19 infection and impaired immune-system of autoimmune systemic diseases. Key Points • Significantly higher prevalence of Covid-19 is observed in a large series of patients with autoimmune systemic diseases compared to the Italian general population, mainly due to patients' increased susceptibility to infections and favored by the high exposure to the virus at medical facilities before the restriction measures on individual movement. • The actual prevalence of Covid-19 in autoimmune systemic diseases may be underestimated, possibly due to the wide clinical overlapping between the two conditions, the generally mild Covid-19 disease manifestations, and the limited availability of virological testing. • Patients with "connective tissue diseases" show a significantly higher prevalence of Covid-19, possibly due to deeper immune-system impairment, with respect to "inflammatory arthritis group". • Covid-19 is more frequent in the subgroup of autoimmune systemic diseases patients without ongoing conventional synthetic disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs, mainly hydroxyl-chloroquine and methotrexate, which might play some protective role against the most harmful manifestations of Covid-19.


Assuntos
Doenças Autoimunes/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Doenças Reumáticas/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Psoriásica/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Psoriásica/epidemiologia , Artrite Psoriásica/fisiopatologia , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Reumatoide/epidemiologia , Artrite Reumatoide/fisiopatologia , Doenças Autoimunes/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Autoimunes/fisiopatologia , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/fisiopatologia , Dermatomiosite/tratamento farmacológico , Dermatomiosite/epidemiologia , Dermatomiosite/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/tratamento farmacológico , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/epidemiologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/fisiopatologia , Doenças Reumáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Reumáticas/fisiopatologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/tratamento farmacológico , Escleroderma Sistêmico/epidemiologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/fisiopatologia , Síndrome de Sjogren/tratamento farmacológico , Síndrome de Sjogren/epidemiologia , Síndrome de Sjogren/fisiopatologia , Espondilite Anquilosante/tratamento farmacológico , Espondilite Anquilosante/epidemiologia , Espondilite Anquilosante/fisiopatologia , Doenças do Tecido Conjuntivo Indiferenciado/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças do Tecido Conjuntivo Indiferenciado/epidemiologia , Doenças do Tecido Conjuntivo Indiferenciado/fisiopatologia
8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(30): e21089, 2020 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32791682

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a very tricky orthopedic disorder. If such condition cannot be managed fairly well, it may significantly affect quality of life and even leads to disability among such population. A variety of studies have reported that alendronate is utilized for the treatment of AS. However, their results are still contrary, and no systematic review has addressed on this topic. Thus, this study will systematically assess the efficacy and safety of alendronate for the treatment of patients with AS. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search will be performed from the below electronic databases from their commencement to the January 31, 2020 without language and publication status limitations: PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Allied and Complementary Medicine Database, WANGFANG, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure. Only randomized controlled trials focusing on the alendronate for the treatment of patients with AS will be considered for inclusion in this study. Two authors will independently select all identified records, extract essential data from all included studies, and appraise study quality for each eligible trial using Cochrane risk of bias. If any differences occur, another experienced author will be invited to solve them by discussion and a consensus decision will be made. We will implement RevMan 5.3 software to analyze the extracted data. RESULTS: This study will summarize high-quality randomized controlled trials to assess the efficacy and safety of alendronate for the treatment of patients with AS through primary outcome of bone densitometry; and secondary outcomes of pain intensity, quality of life, disease activity, functional status, and adverse events. CONCLUSION: This study will provide evidence to help determine whether alendronate is an effective and safe management for patient with AS or not. STUDY REGISTRATION: INPLASY202040153.


Assuntos
Alendronato/uso terapêutico , Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/uso terapêutico , Espondilite Anquilosante/tratamento farmacológico , Alendronato/efeitos adversos , Densidade Óssea , Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Metanálise como Assunto , Dor Musculoesquelética/etiologia , Medição da Dor , Qualidade de Vida , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Projetos de Pesquisa , Espondilite Anquilosante/complicações , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto
9.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 79(9): 1132-1138, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32719044

RESUMO

Secukinumab, ixekizumab and brodalumab are monoclonal antibody therapies that inhibit interleukin (IL)-17 activity and are widely used for the treatment of psoriasis, psoriatic arthritis and ankylosing spondylitis. The promising efficacy results in dermatology and rheumatology prompted the evaluation of these drugs in Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, but the onset of paradoxical events (disease exacerbation after treatment with a theoretically curative drug) prevented their approval in patients with inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs). To date, the pathophysiological mechanisms underlying these paradoxical effects are not well defined, and there are no clear guidelines for the management of patients with disease flare or new IBD onset after anti-IL-17 drug therapy. In this review, we summarise the literature on putative mechanisms, the clinical digestive effects after therapy with IL-17 inhibitors and provide guidance for the management of these paradoxical effects in clinical practice.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/efeitos adversos , Colite Ulcerativa/tratamento farmacológico , Doença de Crohn/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/induzido quimicamente , Interleucina-17/antagonistas & inibidores , Adulto , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/efeitos adversos , Artrite Psoriásica/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Psoríase/tratamento farmacológico , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Espondilite Anquilosante/tratamento farmacológico , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 79(10): 1327-1332, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32660979

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Tumour necrosis factor inhibitors (TNFis) have been suggested to slow radiographic progression in patients with ankylosing spondylitis. However, limitations such as variations in disease activity, complex drug administration and short follow-up duration make it difficult to determine the effect of TNFis on radiographic progression. The aim of the study was to investigate whether long-term treatment with TNFis can reduce radiographic progression in patients with ankylosing spondylitis using 18-year longitudinal real-world data. METHODS: This retrospective study was conducted between January 2001 and December 2018 at a single centre. Among the 1280 patients whose electronic medical records were reviewed, data of 595 patients exposed to TNFis at least once were included. Among them, time intervals of TNFi exposure or non-exposure were determined in 338 patients ('on the TNFis' or 'off the TNFis' intervals, respectively). The difference in the modified Stoke Ankylosing Spondylitis Spinal Score (mSASSS) change rate between 'on the TNFis' and 'off the TNFis' intervals was investigated. RESULTS: We obtained 2364 intervals of 338 patients (1281 'on the TNFis' and 1083 'off the TNFis' intervals). In the marginal structural model for inverse probability of treatment weighting, the change rate of mSASSS significantly decreased with the use of TNFis (ß=-0.112, p=0.004), and the adjusted mSASSS changes were 0.848 and 0.960 per year during 'on the TNFis' and 'off the TNFis' intervals, respectively. CONCLUSION: Compared with treatment without TNFis, treatment with TNFis slowed radiologic progression significantly.


Assuntos
Espondilite Anquilosante/tratamento farmacológico , Espondilite Anquilosante/patologia , Inibidores do Fator de Necrose Tumoral/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos
11.
FP Essent ; 494: 30-35, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32640152

RESUMO

Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a rare yet significant cause of back pain in young adults that often is overlooked. AS should be suspected if symptoms of inflammatory back pain are present or if the patient has a personal or family history of related conditions. X-rays are the initial imaging modality of choice. If suspicion of AS remains high but no sacroiliitis is present on x-ray, an HLA-B27 test should be obtained. The Assessment of SpondyloArthritis International Society (ASAS) criteria are helpful in the diagnosis of AS. Continuous use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs is the first-line therapy, followed by tumor necrosis factor-alpha inhibitors, followed by slow-acting antirheumatic drugs (eg, methotrexate). Patients also should undergo physical therapy and, if applicable, should quit smoking and maintain a healthy weight. Patients with AS are at increased risk of complications, such as spinal fracture. Other conditions associated with AS include anterior uveitis, inflammatory bowel disease, and osteoporosis.


Assuntos
Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais , Espondilite Anquilosante , Dor nas Costas , Antígeno HLA-B27 , Humanos , Espondilite Anquilosante/diagnóstico , Espondilite Anquilosante/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto Jovem
13.
Expert Opin Pharmacother ; 21(13): 1527-1536, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32515665

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The introduction of JAKs inhibitors for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis represents a promising new era in the management of the disease. New compounds under investigation, like upadacitinib, with greater selectivity for JAK1 inhibition have recently been approved for the treatment of adults with moderately to severely active rheumatoid arthritis who have had an inadequate response or intolerance to conventional synthetic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs. AREAS COVERED: Herein, the authors review the pharmacological data, the therapeutic efficacy, and safety data of upadacitinib before providing the reader with their critical evaluation and future perspectives. EXPERT OPINION: Upadacitinib was able to accomplish all the primary and secondary end points in most of the trials, with a safety profile that is similar to the other JAK inhibitors. It has also demonstrated superiority over a tumor necrosis factor inhibitor and data on new indications is also favorable. Upadacitinib is a promising new drug for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. GLOSSARY: Adalimumab: ADA; American College of Rheumatology: ACR; Assessment of Spondylarthritis International Society 40: ASAS40; Ankylosis Spondylitis: AS; Area under the Curve: AUC; Biological Disease-modifying arthritis drugs: bDMARDs; Clinical disease activity index: CDAI; C Reactive Protein: CRP; Conventional Synthetic Disease-modifying arthritis drugs: csDMARDs; Deep Venous Thrombosis: DVT; Disease arthritis score: DAS.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Compostos Heterocíclicos com 3 Anéis/uso terapêutico , Inibidores de Janus Quinases/uso terapêutico , Inibidores do Fator de Necrose Tumoral/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Artrite Reumatoide/enzimologia , Artrite Reumatoide/imunologia , Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , Quimioterapia Combinada , Humanos , Espondilartrite/tratamento farmacológico , Espondilite Anquilosante/tratamento farmacológico , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
J Korean Med Sci ; 35(21): e201, 2020 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32476306

RESUMO

The neurologic manifestations concerning coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) are highly penetrated. Anosmia and ageusia are one of the common acute neurologic symptoms, which develop in the early stage of COVID-19. However, it is not reported that how immunosuppressive agents affect these symptoms. We report olfactory and gustatory dysfunctions in a patient with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) treated with etanercept during COVID-19. A 53-year-old female showing AS controlled with tumor necrosis factor-α inhibitor, etanercept, had been diagnosed with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection, presenting cough and rhinorrhea. One month after diagnosis, she complained about hyposmia and hypogeusia two days before the seronegative conversion of SARS-CoV-2, which were confirmed by a neurological examination. We speculate that the etanercept may have delayed the development of olfactory and gustatory dysfunction in the patient.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Etanercepte/uso terapêutico , Transtornos do Olfato/etiologia , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Espondilite Anquilosante/tratamento farmacológico , Distúrbios do Paladar/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias
15.
Hosp Pract (1995) ; 48(4): 213-222, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32567403

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the association between biological Disease-Modifying Anti-Rheumatic Drugs (bDMARDs) use and quality of life (QoL) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), psoriatic arthritis (PsA), and ankylosing spondylitis (AS). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We evaluated adult patients prescribed biological DMARDs whose quality of life was evaluated at six and 12 months. The EuroQol 5 dimensions (EQ-5D) was used with the Brazilian tariff. RESULTS: Patients receiving bDMARDs had significant improvements in quality of life after 6 and 12 months (p < 0.001), regardless of the rheumatic condition and the therapeutic regimen (bDMARDs vs bDMARDs plus synthetic DMARDs) (ANCOVA; p > 0.05). At the end of one year, 62.6% of the participants presented significant clinical improvement in QoL. According to a sensitivity analysis, QoL results in the complete case analysis and in the multiple imputation model yielded similar conclusions. Patients with two or more comorbidities and worse QoL and disability status on baseline presented worse QoL at 12 months when compared to those with better disability status on baseline. Baseline clinical disease measured by activity indexes (BASDAI and CDAI) did not influence QoL after 12 months of bDMARD treatment. Pain and malaise were the EQ-5D domain that most influenced quality of life. CONCLUSION: Patients with rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, and psoriatic arthritis displayed significantly better QoL levels following treatment with DMARDs.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Produtos Biológicos/uso terapêutico , Doenças Reumáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Reumáticas/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Antirreumáticos/administração & dosagem , Antirreumáticos/efeitos adversos , Artrite Psoriásica/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Psoriásica/psicologia , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Reumatoide/psicologia , Produtos Biológicos/administração & dosagem , Produtos Biológicos/efeitos adversos , Brasil , Comorbidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Qualidade de Vida , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Espondilite Anquilosante/tratamento farmacológico , Espondilite Anquilosante/psicologia , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
16.
Rheumatol Int ; 40(10): 1707-1716, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32591970

RESUMO

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coranovirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection has become an important health-care issue worldwide. The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has also raised concerns among patients with inflammatory rheumatic conditions and their treating physicians. There are emerging data regarding the potential risks of SARS-CoV-2 for this particular patient group. However, less is known with regard to the course of COVID-19 among patients receiving IL-17 inhibitors. The aim of the current article is to review the growing body of knowledge on the course/management of COVID-19 in patients with inflammatory rheumatic diseases by presenting a SARS-CoV-2 infected case with ankylosing spondylitis under secukinumab therapy. A 61-year old patient with ankylosing spondylitis who was on secukinumab therapy for 5 months admitted with newly onset fever and gastrointestinal complaints. After being hospitalized, she developed respiratory manifestations with focal pulmonary ground-glass opacities and multiple nodular densities in both lungs. The patient was tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 infection. Substantial clinical improvement was obtained following a management plan, which included tocilizumab, hydroxychloroquine, prednisolone and enoxaparin sodium. PubMed/MEDLINE and Scopus databases were searched by using relevant keywords and their combinations. The literature search revealed four articles reporting the clinical course of COVID-19 in seven rheumatic patients on secukinumab. The clinical course of SARS-CoV-2 infection was mild in most of these patients, while one of them experienced severe COVID-19. Interleukin-17 has been related to the hyperinflammatory state in COVID-19 and IL-17 inhibitors were presented as promising targets for the prevention of aberrant inflammation and acute respiratory distress in COVID-19. However, this hypothesis still remains to be proved. Further studies are warranted in order to test the benefits and risks of IL-inhibitors in SARS-CoV-2 infected individuals.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Hidroxicloroquina/uso terapêutico , Pneumonia Viral/tratamento farmacológico , Espondilite Anquilosante/tratamento farmacológico , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Enoxaparina/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Prednisolona/uso terapêutico , Espondilite Anquilosante/complicações
17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(18): e20111, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32358402

RESUMO

RATIONALE: We report a rare case with ankylosing spondylitis (AS), thymoma, and membranous glomerulonephritis. The pathogenic mechanisms of these 3 diseases may be associated with each other. Here, we discuss the course of diagnosis and treatment. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 64-year-old woman with bilateral pain of the sacroiliac joints for 10 years and anasarca for 10 days. DIAGNOSES: A diagnosis of AS by HLA-B27 and pelvic X-ray tests, thymoma based on computed tomography and pathological diagnosis, and membranous glomerulonephritis based on renal biopsy. INTERVENTIONS: We administered methylprednisolone 500 mg/d for 3 consecutive days, followed by methylprednisolone 40 mg oral QD, for a month. OUTCOMES: The patient was followed up once a month. In the sixth month, the patient's serum creatinine had decreased to 0.96 mg/dL, urine microalbumin/creatinine decreased to 173.3 mg/g, and albumin had risen to 33.1 g/L. Pain and morning stiffness were relieved, and the Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index score dropped to 4.0. LESSONS: Although the causal relationship between AS, thymoma, and membranous nephropathy in this patient still needs to be established, the pathogenesis between the 3 diseases may have some association. In clinical practice, patients with AS need to be screened for tumors and renal complications.


Assuntos
Glomerulonefrite Membranosa/complicações , Espondilite Anquilosante/complicações , Timoma/complicações , Neoplasias do Timo/complicações , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Glomerulonefrite Membranosa/diagnóstico , Glomerulonefrite Membranosa/tratamento farmacológico , Antígeno HLA-B27/sangue , Humanos , Metilprednisolona/uso terapêutico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Espondilite Anquilosante/diagnóstico , Espondilite Anquilosante/tratamento farmacológico , Timoma/diagnóstico , Timoma/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias do Timo/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Timo/tratamento farmacológico
18.
PLoS One ; 15(5): e0233781, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32459816

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Cases of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) during treatment with interleukin (IL)-17 antagonists have been reported from trials in psoriasis, psoriatic arthritis, and ankylosing spondylitis. The aim of this study was to assess the overall risk for development of IBD due to IL-17 inhibition. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis of studies conducted 2010-2018 of treatment with IL-17 antagonists in patients with psoriasis, psoriatic arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, and rheumatoid arthritis. We compared risk of IBD development in anti-IL-17 treated patients compared to placebo treatments. We also computed incident rates of IBD overall. A 'worst case scenario' defining subjects ambiguous for prevalent versus incident cases for the latter was also applied. RESULTS: Sixty-six studies of 14,390 patients exposed to induction and 19,380 patients exposed to induction and/or maintenance treatment were included. During induction, 11 incident cases of IBD were reported, whereas 33 cases were diagnosed during the entire treatment period. There was no difference in the pooled risk of new-onset IBD during induction studies for both the best-case [risk difference (RD) 0.0001 (95% CI: -0.0011, 0.0013)] and worst-case scenario [RD 0.0008 (95% CI: -0.0005, 0.0022)]. The risk of IBD was not different from placebo when including data from maintenance and long-term extension studies [RD 0.0007 (95% CI: -0.0023, 0.0036) and RD 0.0022 (95% CI: -0.0010, 0.0055), respectively]. CONCLUSIONS: The risk for development of IBD in patients treated with IL-17 antagonists is not elevated. Prospective surveillance of patients treated with IL-17 antagonists with symptom and biomarker assessments is warranted to assess for onset of IBD in these patients.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais , Artrite Psoriásica , Artrite Reumatoide , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais , Interleucina-17/antagonistas & inibidores , Espondilite Anquilosante , Anticorpos Monoclonais/efeitos adversos , Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico , Artrite Psoriásica/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Psoriásica/epidemiologia , Artrite Psoriásica/imunologia , Artrite Psoriásica/patologia , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Reumatoide/epidemiologia , Artrite Reumatoide/imunologia , Artrite Reumatoide/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/induzido quimicamente , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/epidemiologia , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/imunologia , Interleucina-17/imunologia , Masculino , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Espondilite Anquilosante/tratamento farmacológico , Espondilite Anquilosante/epidemiologia , Espondilite Anquilosante/imunologia , Espondilite Anquilosante/patologia
19.
Clin Drug Investig ; 40(6): 541-553, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32328979

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The infliximab biosimilar CT-P13 has widely received regulatory approval in all indications of reference infliximab, including rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and ankylosing spondylitis (AS). OBJECTIVE: This retrospective analysis investigated drug survival and long-term safety and effectiveness of CT-P13 in patients with RA or AS in the Republic of Korea. METHODS: This non-interventional, retrospective, multicenter analysis collected medical record data for adult patients with RA or AS who received CT-P13 treatment at five Korean referral hospitals (2012-2017). Drug survival and long-term safety were primary outcomes. The secondary outcome was long-term effectiveness, assessed by disease activity measures. RESULTS: Overall, 491 patients were treated with CT-P13 (154 patients with RA [135 infliximab-naïve; 19 switched from reference infliximab]; 337 patients with AS [219 infliximab-naïve; 118 switched from reference infliximab]). Drug survival was similar in naïve and switched patients. Treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) occurred in 31.8% and 29.4% of patients with RA and AS, respectively; incidence was similar in naïve and switched groups. Upper respiratory tract infection, influenza-like illness, and urticaria were the most common TEAEs. Overall, nine (1.8%) patients experienced serious adverse events (SAEs) deemed potentially drug-related; SAEs led to permanent CT-P13 discontinuation in five (1.0%) patients, including three with tuberculosis. Disease activity decreased over time. CONCLUSION: Up to 5 years of CT-P13 treatment was safe and effective in patients with RA and AS, based on drug survival, incidence of TEAEs, and disease activity. Drug survival and safety were similar in naïve patients and switched groups, supporting switching from reference infliximab to CT-P13.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos Biossimilares/uso terapêutico , Espondilite Anquilosante/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Anticorpos Monoclonais/efeitos adversos , Antirreumáticos/efeitos adversos , Medicamentos Biossimilares/efeitos adversos , Substituição de Medicamentos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , República da Coreia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(2): 451-456, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32237331

RESUMO

To investigate the efficacy of Huangqin Qingre Chubi Capsules(HQC) in patients with ankylosing spondylitis(AS) and its effect on oxidative stress, and to explore its possible mechanism. Fifty-eight cases of AS patients were randomly divided into HQC group and salazosulfapyridine(SASP) group. Another 30 healthy people were employed as a control group. Superoxide dismutase(SOD), total antioxidant capacity(TAOC), malondialdehyde(MDA), lipid peroxidatio(LPO), interleukin-1ß(IL-1ß), IL-10, IL-4, and tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) were detected by ELISA. The mRNA expression levels of AMP-activated protein kinase(AMPK-α), forkhead box O3a(FOXO3a), manganese superoxide dismutase(MnSOD), and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma(PPARγ) were detected by Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction(RT-qPCR). The protein expression levels of AMPK-α, FOXO3a, p-FOXO3a, MnSOD, and PPARγ were detected by Western blot. A questionnaire was used to evaluate the disease activity score and observe the clinical efficacy of HQC in AS patients. The levels of MDA, LPO, TNF-α, and IL-1ß were significantly increased in the peripheral blood of AS patients, and SOD, TAOC, IL-4, IL-10 levels were significantly decreased. After HQC treatment, scores of disease active indexes were all decreased, and its clinical efficacy was significantly higher than that in SASP group. After HQC treatment, TAOC, SOD, IL-4, IL-10 were increased and MDA, LPO, TNF-α, IL-1ß were decreased; mRNA levels of AMPK-α, FOXO3a, MnSOD, PPARγ and protein levels of AMPK-α, FOXO3a, p-FOXO3a, MnSOD, PPARγ were increased(P<0.01 or P<0.05). HQC can effectively improve the clinical symptoms and oxidative stress of AS patients, and its mechanism may be related to activating PPARγ and up-regulating AMPK/FOXO3a signal pathway.


Assuntos
Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por AMP/metabolismo , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Proteína Forkhead Box O3/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo , PPAR gama/metabolismo , Espondilite Anquilosante/tratamento farmacológico , Cápsulas , Humanos , Scutellaria baicalensis/química , Transdução de Sinais , Sulfassalazina/uso terapêutico
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...