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1.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 36(1): 48-54, 2023 Jan 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36653006

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinical effects of percutaneous endoscopic surgery through two different approaches for stable degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis. METHODS: Sixty-four patients with stable degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis who underwent percutaneous endoscopic procedures between January 2016 and December 2019 were divided into transforaminal approach group and interlaminar approach group according to surgical approaches, 32 patients in each group. There were 16 males and 16 females in transforaminal approach group, aged from 52 to 84 years old with an average of (66.03±9.60) years, L2 slippage in 4 cases, L3 slippage in 5, and L4 slippage in 23. There were 17 males and 15 females in interlaminar approach group, aged from 46 to 81 years old with an average of (61.38±9.88) years, L3 slippage in 3 cases, L4 slippage in 15, and L5 slippage in 14. Operative time, intraoperative fluoroscopy times, and postoperative bedtime were compared between two groups. Anteroposterior displacement values, interbody opening angles, and the percentage of slippage were measured on preoperative and postoperative 12-month dynamic radiographs. Visual analogue scale (VAS) of low back pain and lower extremity pain, and the Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score before and after surgery were observed, and clinical effects were evaluated according to the modified MACNAB criteria. RESULTS: All operations were successfully completed, and patients in both groups were followed up for more than 1 year, and without complications during follow-up period. ①There was no significant difference in operation time between two groups(P>0.05). Intraoperative fluoroscopy times were longer in transforaminal approach group than that in intervertebral approach group(P<0.05). Postoperative bedtime was shorter in transforaminal approach group than that in intervertebral approach group (P<0.05).② No lumbar instability was found on dynamic radiography at 12 months postoperatively in both groups. There were no significant differences in anteroposterior displacement values, interbody opening angles, and the percentage of slippage between two groups postoperative 12 months and preoperative 1 day(P>0.05). ③There was no significant difference between two groups in VAS of low back pain at 3 days and 1, 12 months after the operation compared with the preoperative(P>0.05), but the VAS of the lower extremity pain was significantly improved compared with the preoperative(P<0.05). Both of groups showed significant improvement in JOA score at 12 months compared with preoperatively(P<0.05). There was no significant difference in VAS of low back pain, lower extremity pain and JOA scores between two groups during the same period after surgery(P>0.05). According to modified Macnab criteria, excellent, good, fair and poor outcomes were 21, 7, 3 and 1 in transforaminal approach group respectively, and which in intervertebral approach group were 20, 7, 5 and 0, there was no significant difference in clinical effect between the groups(P>0.05). CONCLUSION: Intervertebral approach may reduce intraoperative fluoroscopy times and transforaminal approach can shorten postoperative bedtime, both approaches achieve satisfactory results in the treatment of stable degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis with no progression of short-term slippage.


Assuntos
Dor Lombar , Fusão Vertebral , Espondilolistese , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Espondilolistese/cirurgia , Dor Lombar/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Fusão Vertebral/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos
2.
Sci Rep ; 13(1): 827, 2023 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36646752

RESUMO

The present study examined the necessity of cement-augmented pedicle screw fixation in osteoporotic patients with single-segment isthmic spondylolisthesis.Fifty-nine cases were reviewed retrospectively. Thirty-three cases were in the polymethylmethacrylate-augmented pedicle screw (PMMA-PS) group, and the other 26 cases were in the conventional pedicle screw (CPS) group. Evaluation data included operation time, intraoperative blood loss, hospitalization cost, hospitalization days, rates of fusion, screw loosening, bone cement leakage, visual analogue scale (VAS) scores, Oswestry disability index (ODI), lumbar lordosis (LL), pelvic tilt (PT) and sacral slope (SS).The operation time and blood loss in the CPS group decreased significantly compared to those in the PMMA-PS group. The average hospitalization cost of the PMMA-PS group was significantly higher than that of the CPS group. There was no significant difference in the average hospital stay between the 2 groups. The initial and last follow-up postoperative VAS and ODI scores improved significantly in the two groups. There were no significant differences in VAS and ODI between the 2 groups at each time point. The last postoperative spine-pelvic parameters were significantly improved compared with those preoperatively. In the PMMA-PS group, the fusion rate was 100%. The fusion rate was 96.15% in the CPS group. No significant difference was found between the two groups for the fusion rate. Nine patients in the PMMA-PS group had bone cement leakage. There was no screw loosening in the PMMA-PS group. There were 2 cases of screw loosening in the CPS group. There were no significant differences in screw loosening, postoperative adjacent segment fractures, postoperative infection or postoperative revision between the 2 groups. The use of PMMA-PS on a regular basis is not recommended in posterior lumbar interbody fusion for the treatment of single-segment isthmic spondylolisthesis with osteoporosis.


Assuntos
Parafusos Pediculares , Fusão Vertebral , Espondilolistese , Humanos , Cimentos Ósseos/uso terapêutico , Espondilolistese/cirurgia , Polimetil Metacrilato , Estudos Retrospectivos , Vértebras Lombares/diagnóstico por imagem , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Neurosurg Focus ; 54(1): E5, 2023 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36587399

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of degenerative spondylolisthesis (DS) on psoas anatomy and the L4-5 safe zone during lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF). METHODS: In this retrospective, single-institution analysis, patients managed for low-back pain between 2016 and 2021 were identified. Inclusion criteria were adequate lumbar MR images and radiographs. Exclusion criteria were spine trauma, infection, metastases, transitional anatomy, or prior surgery. There were three age and sex propensity-matched cohorts: 1) controls without DS; 2) patients with single-level DS (SLDS); and 3) patients with multilevel, tandem DS (TDS). Axial T2-weighted MRI was used to measure the apical (ventral) and central positions of the psoas relative to the posterior tangent line at the L4-5 disc. Lumbar lordosis (LL), pelvic incidence (PI), pelvic tilt (PT), sacral slope (SS), and PI-LL mismatch were measured on lumbar radiographs. The primary outcomes were apical and central psoas positions at L4-5, which were calculated using stepwise multivariate linear regression including demographics, spinopelvic parameters, and degree of DS. Secondary outcomes were associations between single- and multilevel DS and spinopelvic parameters, which were calculated using one-way ANOVA with Bonferroni correction for between-group comparisons. RESULTS: A total of 230 patients (92 without DS, 92 with SLDS, and 46 with TDS) were included. The mean age was 68.0 ± 8.9 years, and 185 patients (80.4%) were female. The mean BMI was 31.0 ± 7.1, and the mean age-adjusted Charlson Comorbidity Index (aCCI) was 4.2 ± 1.8. Age, BMI, sex, and aCCI were similar between the groups. Each increased grade of DS (no DS to SLDS to TDS) was associated with significantly increased PI (p < 0.05 for all relationships). PT, PI-LL mismatch, center psoas, and apical position were all significantly greater in the TDS group than in the no-DS and SLDS groups (p < 0.05). DS severity was independently associated with 2.4-mm (95% CI 1.1-3.8 mm) center and 2.6-mm (95% CI 1.2-3.9 mm) apical psoas anterior displacement per increased grade (increasing from no DS to SLDS to TDS). CONCLUSIONS: TDS represents more severe sagittal malalignment (PI-LL mismatch), pelvic compensation (PT), and changes in the psoas major muscle compared with no DS, and SLDS and is a risk factor for lumbar plexus injury during L4-5 LLIF due to a smaller safe zone.


Assuntos
Disco Intervertebral , Lordose , Fusão Vertebral , Espondilolistese , Humanos , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Masculino , Espondilolistese/diagnóstico por imagem , Espondilolistese/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sacro , Fusão Vertebral/métodos , Vértebras Lombares/diagnóstico por imagem , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia
4.
Neurosurg Focus ; 54(1): E2, 2023 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36587409

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MI-TLIF) has been used to treat degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis and is associated with expedited recovery, reduced operative blood loss, and shorter hospitalizations compared to those with traditional open TLIF. However, the impact of MI-TLIF on long-term patient-reported outcomes (PROs) is less clear. Here, the authors compare the outcomes of MI-TLIF to those of traditional open TLIF for grade I degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis at 60 months postoperatively. METHODS: The authors utilized the prospective Quality Outcomes Database registry and queried for patients with grade I degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis who had undergone single-segment surgery via an MI or open TLIF method. PROs were compared 60 months postoperatively. The primary outcome was the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI). The secondary outcomes included the numeric rating scale (NRS) for back pain (NRS-BP), NRS for leg pain (NRS-LP), EQ-5D, North American Spine Society (NASS) satisfaction, and cumulative reoperation rate. Multivariable models were constructed to assess the impact of MI-TLIF on PROs, adjusting for variables reaching p < 0.20 on univariable analyses and respective baseline PRO values. RESULTS: The study included 297 patients, 72 (24.2%) of whom had undergone MI-TLIF and 225 (75.8%) of whom had undergone open TLIF. The 60-month follow-up rates were similar for the two cohorts (86.1% vs 75.6%, respectively; p = 0.06). Patients did not differ significantly at baseline for ODI, NRS-BP, NRS-LP, or EQ-5D (p > 0.05 for all). Perioperatively, MI-TLIF was associated with less blood loss (108.8 ± 85.6 vs 299.6 ± 242.2 ml, p < 0.001) and longer operations (228.2 ± 111.5 vs 189.6 ± 66.5 minutes, p < 0.001) but had similar lengths of hospitalizations (MI-TLIF 2.9 ± 1.8 vs open TLIF 3.3 ± 1.6 days, p = 0.08). Discharge disposition to home or home health was similar (MI-TLIF 93.1% vs open TLIF 91.1%, p = 0.60). Both cohorts improved significantly from baseline for the 60-month ODI, NRS-BP, NRS-LP, and EQ-5D (p < 0.001 for all comparisons). In adjusted analyses, MI-TLIF, compared to open TLIF, was associated with similar 60-month ODI, ODI change, odds of reaching ODI minimum clinically important difference, NRS-BP, NRS-BP change, NRS-LP, NRS-LP change, EQ-5D, EQ-5D change, and NASS satisfaction (adjusted p > 0.05 for all). The 60-month reoperation rates did not differ significantly (MI-TLIF 5.6% vs open TLIF 11.6%, p = 0.14). CONCLUSIONS: For symptomatic, single-level grade I degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis, MI-TLIF was associated with decreased blood loss perioperatively, but there was no difference in 60-month outcomes for disability, back pain, leg pain, quality of life, or satisfaction between MI and open TLIF. There was no difference in cumulative reoperation rates between the two procedures. These results suggest that in appropriately selected patients, either procedure may be employed depending on patient and surgeon preferences.


Assuntos
Fusão Vertebral , Espondilolistese , Humanos , Fusão Vertebral/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento , Seguimentos , Espondilolistese/cirurgia , Estudos Prospectivos , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Qualidade de Vida , Dor nas Costas/etiologia , Dor nas Costas/cirurgia , Sistema de Registros , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos
5.
Neurosurgery ; 92(1): 110-117, 2023 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36519862

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Two common approaches for open, one-level, posterior lumbar fusions include transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) and posterolateral fusion (PLF) alone without an interbody. OBJECTIVE: To compare TLIF vs PLF alone in (1) discharge disposition, (2) return to work (RTW), and (3) patient-reported outcomes (PROs). METHODS: A single-center, retrospective cohort study was undertaken between October 2010 and May 2021, all with a 1-year follow-up and excluding patients with isthmic spondylolisthesis. Minimum clinically important difference for each PRO was used, which included Numeric Rating Scale (NRS) and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI). Logistic/linear regression controlled for age, body mass index, disc height, flexion-extension movement, amount of movement on flexion-extension, and spondylolisthesis grade. RESULTS: Of 850 patients undergoing open, 1-level, posterior lumbar fusion, 591 (69.5%) underwent a TLIF and 259 (30.5%) underwent a PLF alone. Patients undergoing TLIF were younger (59.0 ± 11.3 vs 63.3 ± 12.6, P < .001), had higher body mass index (31.3 ± 6.6 vs 30.2 ± 12.6, P = .019), and more often had private insurance (50.3% vs 39.0%, P < .001). Regarding discharge disposition, no significance was found in multivariate regression (odds ratio = 2.07, 95% CI = 0.39-10.82, P = .385) with similar RTW between TLIF and PLF alone (80.8% vs 80.4%, P = .645) (odds ratio = 1.15, 95% CI = 0.19-6.81, P = .873). Regarding PROs, patients undergoing a TLIF had higher preoperative (6.7 ± 2.3 vs 6.4 ± 2.5, P = .046) and 3-month NRS-back pain (3.4 ± 2.6 vs 2.9 ± 2.5, P = .036), with similar 12-month NRS-back pain. Regarding NRS-leg pain, no differences were observed preoperatively ( P = .532) and at 3 months ( P = .808). No other significant differences were observed in ODI. CONCLUSION: TLIF patients had slightly higher NRS-back pain at baseline and 3 months, but similar NRS-leg pain, despite the added risk of placing an interbody. No differences were seen in discharge disposition, RTW, and 12-month pain scores and ODI.


Assuntos
Fusão Vertebral , Espondilolistese , Humanos , Espondilolistese/cirurgia , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Dor nas Costas/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos
6.
Neurochirurgie ; 69(1): 101397, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36502874

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We previously described a procedure for eliciting deep spatial discrimination of individual segments in the healthy lumbar spine of normal subjects: the percutaneous mechanical provocation (PMP) test. Our goal was to devise a method for accurate identification of the spinal level of pathology in chronic low back pain (CLBP). In the present study, we validated the PMP test, using a subgroup of CLBP patients with isthmic spondylolisthesis (IS). Because there is clinical consensus that IS back pain originates in the slipped segment/disc, the level of pathology can be directly compared to the result of the PMP test. The test is agnostic with respect to the underlying pathological mechanism, and therefore might be useful in identifying the involved segment(s) irrespective of the painful structure. METHODS: In 37 patients with confirmed IS (slippage 3-15mm), we compared sensitivity between the PMP test, the widely used provocative discography test and the discoblock test. RESULTS: The PMP test reliably identified the slip level in patients with IS, with sensitivity of 92%. Accepting the slipped disc as the origin of pain in IS, the sensitivity of the provocative discography and discoblock tests were 49% and 35%, respectively: i.e., too low to be contributive in clinical practice. CONCLUSIONS: The PMP test reliably identified the origin of localized pain in IS as the slip level, but should be used with care in CLBP patients in selecting discogenic pain patients for fusion surgery, since the specificity of the test is not known and it may be positive for any origin of localized pain.


Assuntos
Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral , Disco Intervertebral , Dor Lombar , Espondilolistese , Humanos , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral/diagnóstico , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral/cirurgia , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral/complicações , Dor Lombar/diagnóstico , Dor Lombar/etiologia , Dor Lombar/patologia , Dor nas Costas , Espondilolistese/diagnóstico , Espondilolistese/cirurgia , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia
7.
Bone Joint J ; 104-B(12): 1343-1351, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36453045

RESUMO

AIMS: The aims of this study were first, to determine if adding fusion to a decompression of the lumbar spine for spinal stenosis decreases the rate of radiological restenosis and/or proximal adjacent level stenosis two years after surgery, and second, to evaluate the change in vertebral slip two years after surgery with and without fusion. METHODS: The Swedish Spinal Stenosis Study (SSSS) was conducted between 2006 and 2012 at five public and two private hospitals. Six centres participated in this two-year MRI follow-up. We randomized 222 patients with central lumbar spinal stenosis at one or two adjacent levels into two groups, decompression alone and decompression with fusion. The presence or absence of a preoperative spondylolisthesis was noted. A new stenosis on two-year MRI was used as the primary outcome, defined as a dural sac cross-sectional area ≤ 75 mm2 at the operated level (restenosis) and/or at the level above (proximal adjacent level stenosis). RESULTS: A total of 211 patients underwent surgery at a mean age of 66 years (69% female): 103 were treated by decompression with fusion and 108 by decompression alone. A two-year MRI was available for 176 (90%) of the eligible patients. A new stenosis at the operated and/or adjacent level occurred more frequently after decompression and fusion than after decompression alone (47% vs 29%; p = 0.020). The difference remained in the subgroup with a preoperative spondylolisthesis, (48% vs 24%; p = 0.020), but did not reach significance for those without (45% vs 35%; p = 0.488). Proximal adjacent level stenosis was more common after fusion than after decompression alone (44% vs 17%; p < 0.001). Restenosis at the operated level was less frequent after fusion than decompression alone (4% vs 14%; p = 0.036). Vertebral slip increased by 1.1 mm after decompression alone, regardless of whether a preoperative spondylolisthesis was present or not. CONCLUSION: Adding fusion to a decompression increased the rate of new stenosis on two-year MRI, even when a spondylolisthesis was present preoperatively. This supports decompression alone as the preferred method of surgery for spinal stenosis, whether or not a degenerative spondylolisthesis is present preoperatively.Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2022;104-B(12):1343-1351.


Assuntos
Estenose Espinal , Espondilolistese , Humanos , Feminino , Idoso , Masculino , Estenose Espinal/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose Espinal/cirurgia , Constrição Patológica , Seguimentos , Espondilolistese/diagnóstico por imagem , Espondilolistese/cirurgia , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Vértebras Lombares/diagnóstico por imagem , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Descompressão
8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(50): e31955, 2022 Dec 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36550797

RESUMO

Prospective observational study. To evaluate patient-reported outcomes after navigation-guided minimally invasive hybrid lumbar interbody fusion (nMIS-HLIF) for decompression and fusion in degenerative spondylolisthesis (Meyerding grade I-II). Posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) and transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) are well-known standard procedures for lumbar spinal fusion. nMIS-HLIF is a navigation-guided combined percutaneous and open procedure that combines the advantages of PLIF and TLIF procedures for the preparation of a single-port endoscopic approach. 33 patients underwent nMIS-HLIF. Core outcome measure index (COMI), oswestry disability index (ODI), numeric rating scale (NRS) back, NRS leg, and short form health-36 (SF-36) were collected preoperatively and at follow-up of 6 weeks, 3 months, 6 months, and 1 year. The impact of body mass index (BMI) was also analyzed. Computed tomography reconstruction was used to assess realignment and verify fused facet joints and vertebral bodies at the 1-year follow-up. 28 (85%) completed the 1-year follow-up. The median BMI was 27.6 kg/m2, age 69 yrs. The mean reduction in listhesis was 8.4% (P < .01). BMI was negatively correlated with listhesis reduction (P = .032). The improvements in the NRS back, NRS leg, ODI, and COMI scores were significant at all times (P < .001-P < .01). The SF-36 parameters of bodily pain, physical functioning, physical component summary, role functioning/physical functioning, and social functioning improved (P < .003). The complication rate was 15.2% (n = 5), with durotomy (n = 3) being the most frequent. To reduce the complication rate and allow transitioning to a fully endoscopic approach, expandable devices have been developed. The outcomes of nMIS-HLIF are comparable to the current standard open and minimally invasive techniques. A high BMI hinders this reduction. The nMIS-HLIF procedure is appropriate for learning minimally invasive dorsal lumbar stabilization. The presented modifications will enable single-port endoscopic lumbar stabilization in the future.


Assuntos
Fusão Vertebral , Espondilolistese , Humanos , Idoso , Vértebras Lombares/diagnóstico por imagem , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/métodos , Espondilolistese/cirurgia , Fusão Vertebral/métodos , Parafusos Ósseos , Osso Cortical/cirurgia , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Estudos Retrospectivos , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular
9.
World Neurosurg ; 168: 411-420, 2022 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36527220

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Biportal endoscopic spine surgery is gaining popularity in managing degenerative lumbar diseases and has optimal indications and contraindications. The perioperative complications related to the biportal endoscopic approach affect the postoperative outcomes. Therefore, this study aimed to review the indications, contraindications, and complications of biportal endoscopic decompression for lumbar stenosis. METHODS: For this systematic review, articles on biportal endoscopic decompressive surgery for lumbar stenosis, including central, lateral recess and foraminal stenoses, were searched for and reviewed. Additionally, the complications, indications, and contraindications of biportal endoscopic surgery for lumbar stenosis were reviewed. RESULTS: Forty-one articles were included in this study. The indications for biportal endoscopic decompression are central lumbar stenosis, central stenosis with lipomatosis, lateral recess stenosis, foraminal stenosis, and the far-out syndrome. The contraindications include trauma, infection, tumor, instability, high-grade spondylolisthesis, isthmic spondylolisthesis, and severe scoliosis. Perioperative complications are typically minor; major complications include durotomy, epidural hematoma, incomplete decompression, infection, facet joint injury, neural injury, increased epidural pressure, and postoperative instability. CONCLUSIONS: Favorable indications for a biportal endoscopic approach are central lumbar, lateral recess, foraminal, extraforaminal stenoses, and the Bertolotti syndrome. Incidental durotomy and postoperative epidural hematomas are common complications of biportal endoscopic decompression.


Assuntos
Estenose Espinal , Espondilolistese , Humanos , Estenose Espinal/cirurgia , Descompressão Cirúrgica/efeitos adversos , Espondilolistese/cirurgia , Constrição Patológica/cirurgia , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Endoscopia/efeitos adversos , Contraindicações
10.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 19459, 2022 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36376442

RESUMO

We aimed to evaluate the clinical efficacy of the single-stage posterior surgical treatment for patients of lumbar brucella spondylitis combined with spondylolisthesis. In this study, we performed a retrospective analysis of 16 patients with lumbar brucellosis spondylitis combined with spondylolisthesis from January 2015 to January 2019. All patients underwent single-stage posterior lumbar debridement, reduction, interbody fusion, and instrumentation. Preoperative and postoperative of the visual analog scale (VAS), the Oswestry disability index (ODI), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), and C-reactive protein (CRP) were compared. In addition, the spondylolisthesis reduction rate, reduction loss rate, interbody fusion rate, and complication rate were recorded. VAS, ODI, ESR, and CRP were conducted with repeated analysis of variance data at different follow-ups. The postoperative follow-up was 12-36 months, with an average of (25.0 ± 8.1) months. VAS, ODI, ESR, and CRP were significantly better at 2-week and 1-year follow-up than preoperative results (P = 0.000, respectively). In addition, 1 year after the operation, VAS, ODI, ESR, and CRP showed a significant improvement (P = 0.000, respectively). The average spondylolisthesis reduction in 2 weeks after operation was (91.2 ± 6.7)%, and the median reduction loss rate in 1 year after operation was 8.0 (5.0, 9.8)%. At the last follow-up, all patients achieved interbody fusion, no loosening and fracture of instrumentation were found, and no recurrence happened. Single-stage posterior operation for lumbar debridement, reduction, interbody fusion, and instrumentation is beneficial for treating lumbar brucellosis spondylitis combined with spondylolisthesis. Furthermore, the reconstruction of spinal stability may relieve pain, heal lesions, and improve patients' living.


Assuntos
Brucella , Brucelose , Fusão Vertebral , Espondilite , Espondilolistese , Humanos , Espondilolistese/cirurgia , Fusão Vertebral/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Espondilite/cirurgia , Brucelose/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Neurol India ; 70(Supplement): S129-S134, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36412359

RESUMO

Objective: When there is a complete slippage of facet joints of C1 over C2 such that there is no contact between the articulating surfaces of C1 and C2, the condition is known as atlantoaxial spondyloptosis (AAS). AAS represents an extremely rare manifestation of atlantoaxial instability. This study was performed to highlight the presentation, radiological features, and management of unilateral AAS in pediatric patients. Material and Methods: We retrospectively identified four pediatric patients with AAS from our hospital records in the last 6 years (2014-2019). Results: Among the four patients with unilateral AAS, three were posttraumic and one was diagnosed with craniovertebral junction tuberculosis (CVJ TB). All the patients had a varying degree of spastic quadriparesis on presentation. One patient with CVJ TB presented with neck tilt. All patients with traumatic unilateral AAS were associated with an odontoid fracture. These patients underwent C1-C2 fixation with complete reduction of spondyloptosis using the techniques of joint manipulation and joint remodeling with a posterior only approach. Complete reduction of AAS in patients with trauma was also associated with the realignment of the odontoid fracture. All patients improved neurologically after surgery and achieved excellent correction of the deformity on a follow-up imaging. Conclusion: Pediatric unilateral AAS is an extremely rare phenomenon. A single-stage posterior approach with C1-C2 fixation is a feasible technique for the treatment of this seemingly difficult to correct deformity in pediatric patients and the clinical outcomes are excellent.


Assuntos
Articulação Atlantoaxial , Processo Odontoide , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral , Espondilolistese , Humanos , Criança , Processo Odontoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Processo Odontoide/cirurgia , Articulação Atlantoaxial/diagnóstico por imagem , Articulação Atlantoaxial/cirurgia , Articulação Atlantoaxial/lesões , Estudos Retrospectivos , Espondilolistese/cirurgia , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/complicações
12.
Neurol India ; 70(Supplement): S182-S188, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36412366

RESUMO

Background: Complete subluxation of >100% of one vertebral body with respect to the adjacent vertebra is defined as spondyloptosis. It is the severest form of injury caused by high-energy trauma. Pediatric patients with a traumatic spine injury, particularly spondyloptosis are surgically demanding as reduction and achieving realignment of the spinal column requires diligent planning and execution. Objective: To enlighten readers about this rare but severest form of thoracolumbar spine injury and its management. Methods: Retrospective analysis of patients treated here with spondyloptosis between 2008 and 2016 was done. Results: Seven children, ranging from 9 to 18 years (mean years) age were included in the study. Five patients had spondyloptosis at thoracolumbar junction and one each in the lumbar and thoracic spine. All patients underwent single-stage posterior surgical reduction and fixation except one patient who refused surgery. Intraoperatively, cord transection was seen in five patients while dura was intact in one patient. The mean follow-up period was 17 months (1-36 months) during which one patient expired due to complications arising from bedsores. All patients remained American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) A neurologically. Conclusions: Traumatic spondyloptosis is a challenging proposition to treat and the aim of surgery is to stabilize the spine. Rehabilitation remains the most crucial but the neglected part and dearth of proper rehabilitation centers inflict high mortality and morbidity in developing countries.


Assuntos
Traumatismos da Coluna Vertebral , Espondilolistese , Humanos , Adolescente , Criança , Vértebras Torácicas/diagnóstico por imagem , Vértebras Torácicas/cirurgia , Vértebras Torácicas/lesões , Estudos Retrospectivos , Vértebras Lombares/diagnóstico por imagem , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Vértebras Lombares/lesões , Espondilolistese/cirurgia
13.
Neurosurg Rev ; 45(6): 3629-3640, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36357642

RESUMO

The literature has had some conflicting evidence regarding the effective management of lumbar spondylolisthesis (LS). Herein, we review active and prospective clinical trials to identify the emerging trends for the management of LS. A systematic search was conducted utilizing the NIH Clinical Trials database using the search term "lumbar spondylolisthesis" on February 2, 2022. Currently active and prospective clinical trials for LS were included and analyzed. All statistical analyses were performed on R 4.1.2. We identified 37 clinical trials. Nearly half the trials (n = 18, 48.6%) include novel technologies; 6 (16.2%) are comparing surgical approaches, of which 4 (67%) include decompression alone versus decompression with instrumented fusion; 6 (16.2%) are evaluating perioperative pain management protocols, of which 3 (50%) include bupivacaine or ropivacaine; 3 (8.1%) are evaluating alternative medicines in LS; 2 (5.4%) are observational studies about the natural history of LS; 1 (2.7%) involves surgical infection prophylaxis; and 1 (2.7%) is evaluating AK1320 microspheres. The 18 trials involving novel technologies include 3D-printed titanium cages (n = 3, 16.7%), interbody implants (n = 4, 22.2%), bone graft materials (n = 4, 22.2%), and miscellaneous intraoperative devices (n = 7, 38.9%). The top 3 outcomes measured were Oswestry Disability Index (n = 28, 75.7%), visual analog scale (n = 21, 56.7%), and postoperative radiographs (n = 16, 43.2%). Patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) were included in 34 (91.9%) trials, while 23 (62.2%) trials included lumbar spine imaging. LS can often require a multifaceted approach. Novel technologies and utilization of PROMs appear to be a significant emerging trend in LS management.


Assuntos
Fusão Vertebral , Espondilolistese , Humanos , Espondilolistese/cirurgia , Fusão Vertebral/métodos , Estudos Prospectivos , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Região Lombossacral/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 23(1): 951, 2022 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36329431

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the clinical efficacy and safety of a bone cement-injectable cannulated pedicle screw (CICPS) in the treatment of spondylolysis-type lumbar spondylolisthesis with osteoporosis. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted on 37 patients (Dual-energy X-ray bone density detection showed different degrees of osteoporosis) with spondylolysis-type lumbar spondylolisthesis who underwent lumbar spondylolisthesis reduction and fusion using a new type of injectable bone cement screw from May 2011 to March 2015. Postoperative clinical efficacy was evaluated by the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) scores and the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI). Imaging indexes were used to evaluate the stability of internal fixation of the devices 1, 3, 6, and 12 months after surgery and annually thereafter. The safety of the CICPS was assessed by the prevalence of intraoperative and postoperative complications. RESULTS: A total of 124 CICPS were implanted intraoperatively. Bone cement leakage occurred in 3 screws (2.42%), and no clinical discomfort was found in any patients. All 37 patients were followed up with an average follow-up time of 26.6 ± 13.4 months (12-58 months). In the evaluation of the clinical effects of the operation, the average postoperative VAS score of the patients decreased from 4.30 ± 1.58 before surgery to 0.30 ± 0.70 after surgery (P < 0.001), and the ODI decreased from 47.27% ± 16.97% before surgery to 3.36% ± 5.70% after surgery (P < 0.001). No screw was loose, broken or pulled out. CONCLUSION: CICPS is safe and effective in the treatment of spondylolysis-type lumbar spondylolisthesis complicated by osteoporosis.


Assuntos
Osteoporose , Parafusos Pediculares , Fusão Vertebral , Espondilolistese , Espondilólise , Humanos , Espondilolistese/complicações , Espondilolistese/diagnóstico por imagem , Espondilolistese/cirurgia , Cimentos Ósseos/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fusão Vertebral/métodos , Vértebras Lombares/diagnóstico por imagem , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Osteoporose/complicações , Osteoporose/diagnóstico por imagem , Osteoporose/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 23(1): 1038, 2022 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36451156

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the clinical efficacy of transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) in the treatment of continuous double-level lumbar spondylolisthesis with sagittal imbalance. METHODS: The clinical data of 36 patients with double-level spondylolisthesis treated with TLIF were included and divided into L3/L4 double spondylolisthesis group and L4/L5 double spondylolisthesis group according to the site of spondylolisthesis. The sagittal parameters of the patients were measured by standing anteroposterior and lateral X-rays of the whole spine, and the visual analogue scale (VAS) for lumbar and lower limb pain, Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA), and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) were recorded. The imaging parameters and clinical parameters of the patients before surgery, after surgery, and at the last follow-up were compared and statistically analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 36 patients were included in the study and all had sagittal imbalance. Among them, there were 21 cases of L3 and L4 spondylolisthesis, 6 males and 15 females, with an average age of 64.7 ± 9.4 years; there were 15 cases of L4 and L5 spondylolisthesis, 4 males and 11 females, with an average age of 66.5 ± 8.0 years. 36 patients completed the operation, the operation time was 190.28 ± 6.12 min, and intraoperative blood loss was 345 ± 11 ml. Compared with preoperative, there were significant differences in SVA, TPA, T1-SPi, LL, PT, SS, PI-LL, SD, SA, and SP between patients after surgery and at the last follow-up (P < 0.05). Compared with preoperative, VAS score, JOA score, and ODI index of waist and lower limbs were significantly improved after the operation and at the last follow-up, and there was a significant difference (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: TLIF can effectively relieve the symptoms of patients with continuous double-level lumbar spondylolisthesis, restore lumbar lordosis and sagittal spinal sequence, and improve the quality of life of patients.


Assuntos
Fusão Vertebral , Espondilolistese , Feminino , Animais , Masculino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Espondilolistese/diagnóstico por imagem , Espondilolistese/cirurgia , Fusão Vertebral/efeitos adversos , Vértebras Lombares/diagnóstico por imagem , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Qualidade de Vida , Região Lombossacral
16.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 17(1): 505, 2022 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36434721

RESUMO

PURPOSES: This study aimed to investigate whether the morphology of the superior articular processes of L5 vertebra affected the accuracy of pedicle screw placement by reviewing 299 patients who had undergone L5 pedicle screw fixation over the past 12 months and measuring relevant parameters. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed patients who underwent L5 vertebra fixation at our spine surgery department from October 20, 2020 to October 20, 2021. Patients with spondylolisthesis, spondylolysis, and scoliosis were excluded. Parameters associated with the superior articular process were analyzed, including Mammillary process-Spinal canal Distance (MCD), Inter-Facet Distance (IFD), Inter-Pedicle Distance (IPD), Zygapophysial Joints Angle (ZJA), Superior Articular Width, and Lateral Recess Transverse Diameter. The L5 vertebral body was reconstructed by Mimics 21.0, and the simulated L5 screws were inserted at multiple entry points to measure the Maximum Safe Transverse Angle (STAmax). RESULTS: A total of 299 patients who underwent L5 vertebra fixation with 556 pedicle screws were analyzed. An MCD < 6 mm was associated with a significant increase in screw placement failure rate and decrease in ZJA. The MCD was positively correlated with IFD. No significant change in IPD was observed. Mimics software analysis showed that the STAmax decreased with a decrease of MCD. When WBV < 6 mm, 93% of the trans-mammillary vertical line was located within 50% of the pedicle. CONCLUSIONS: The superior articular process tended to narrow the spinal canal and exhibit a steep and a "cloverleaf" morphology when the MCD was < 6 mm. This morphology increased the risk of operator mis-judgement resulting in screw placement failure. Assessment of the relationship between the trans-mammillary vertical line and the pedicle represents a simple method to predict abnormal morphology of the superior articular process before surgery.


Assuntos
Parafusos Pediculares , Fusão Vertebral , Espondilolistese , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Vértebras Lombares/diagnóstico por imagem , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Espondilolistese/diagnóstico por imagem , Espondilolistese/cirurgia , Fusão Vertebral/métodos
17.
BMC Surg ; 22(1): 366, 2022 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36289500

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion (TLIF) is commonly associated with higher complications and longer operative time. This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness, safety, and usability of a novel minimally invasive surgery (MIS) bone graft delivery device. METHODS: 73 consecutive patients with lumbar spondylosis, degenerative disc disease, spondylolisthesis, scoliosis or trauma were enrolled in this randomized controlled trial. Group 1 comprised 39 patients treated with the novel MIS bone graft delivery device. Group 2 consisted of 34 patients treated with the conventional system. The primary objective of the study was the assessment of the amount of bone graft delivery using the device. The secondary objectives were the effect of the device on operative time, pain relief, disability improvement, and bone fusion grade. RESULTS: Bone delivery amount was significantly higher in the MIS device group (6.7 ± 2.9 mL) compared to the conventional group (2.3 ± 0.5 mL), p < 0.001. Regarding the operation time, the MIS device group was associated significantly lower duration than the conventional group (p < 0.001). After a 3-month follow-up, 39.5% of the patients in the MIS device group and 3.5% of the patients in the conventional group were observed to achieve grade I fusion (complete fusion). There was a significant difference in fusion success rates (p < 0.01). CONCLUSION: The novel MIS bone graft delivery device was associated with successful bone delivery. Our MIS device provides promising modality with less operative time and higher bone fusion rates than conventional modalities. Trial Registration This trial was retrospectively registered on ClinicalTrials.gov (Registration date: 11/19/2021; Registration number: NCT05190055).


Assuntos
Fusão Vertebral , Espondilolistese , Humanos , Fusão Vertebral/métodos , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Espondilolistese/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/métodos , Duração da Cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Estudos Retrospectivos
18.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 23(1): 902, 2022 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36209211

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Whether lumbar decompression with fusion surgery is effective against Meyerding grade 2 degenerative spondylolisthesis (DS) is unknown. Therefore, the current study aimed to compare the surgical outcomes between posterior decompression alone and posterior decompression with fusion surgery among patients with grade 2 DS with central canal stenosis. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included prospectively registered patients (n = 3863) who underwent surgery for degenerative lumbar spinal canal stenosis at nine high-volume spine centers from April 2017 to July 2019. Patients with grade 2 DS and central canal stenosis were included in the analysis. Patients with radiculopathy, including foraminal stenosis, degenerative scoliosis, and concomitant anterior spinal fusion, and those with a previous history of lumbar surgery were excluded. The participants were divided into the decompression alone group (group D) and decompression with fusion surgery group (group F). Data about patient-reported outcomes, including Numeric Rating Scale (low back pain, leg pain, leg numbness, and foot numbness), Oswestry Disability Index, EuroQol Five-Dimensional questionnaire, and 12-Item Short-Form Health Survey scores, were obtained preoperatively and 2 years postoperatively. RESULTS: In total, 2354 (61%) patients, including 42 (1.8%) with grade 2 DS (n = 18 in group D and n = 24 in group F), completed the 2-year follow-up. Group D had a higher proportion of female patients than group F. However, the two groups did not significantly differ in terms of other baseline demographic characteristics. Group D had a significantly shorter surgical time and lower volume of intraoperative blood loss than group F. Postoperative patient-reported outcomes did not significantly differ between the two groups, although the preoperative degree of low back pain was higher in group F than in group D. The slip degree of group D did not worsen during the follow-up period. CONCLUSION: The surgical outcomes were similar regardless of the addition of fusion surgery among patients with grade 2 DS. Decompression alone was superior to decompression with fusion surgery as it was associated with a lower volume of intraoperative blood loss and shorter surgical time.


Assuntos
Dor Lombar , Fusão Vertebral , Estenose Espinal , Espondilolistese , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica , Estudos de Coortes , Constrição Patológica/complicações , Constrição Patológica/cirurgia , Descompressão Cirúrgica/efeitos adversos , Descompressão Cirúrgica/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Hipestesia/cirurgia , Dor Lombar/cirurgia , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fusão Vertebral/efeitos adversos , Fusão Vertebral/métodos , Estenose Espinal/complicações , Estenose Espinal/cirurgia , Espondilolistese/complicações , Espondilolistese/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 36(10): 1207-1212, 2022 Oct 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36310456

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the short-term effectiveness of unilateral biportal endoscopic transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (UBE-TLIF) in the treatment of Meyerding degree Ⅰ or Ⅱ single-segment lumbar spondylolisthesis. Methods: The clinical data of 26 patients with Meyerding degree Ⅰ or Ⅱ single-segment lumbar spondylolisthesis treated with UBE-TLIF between January 2021 and August 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. Among them, there were 10 males and 16 females with a mean age of 61.5 years (range, 35-76 years). The lesion segment included L 3, 4 in 2 cases, L 4, 5 in 18 cases, and L 5, S 1 in 6 cases. There were 17 cases of degenerative spondylolisthesis and 9 cases of isthmic spondylolisthesis; according to the Meyerding classification of spondylolisthesis, 19 cases were grade Ⅰ and 7 cases were grade Ⅱ. Twenty-one cases were complicated with lumbar disc herniation and spinal stenosis and 5 cases with lumbar spinal stenosis. The operation time, hospitalization stay, complications, hemoglobin (Hb) and serum creatine kinase (CK) levels before operation and at 1 day after operation were recorded; lumbar lordosis angle changes and postoperative spondylolisthesis reduction were evaluated by lumbar anteroposterior and lateral X-ray films before operation and at last follow-up; visual analogue scale (VAS) score was used to evaluate the low back pain and leg pain before operation, at 2 days, 1 week, 2 weeks after operation, and at last follow-up; Oswestry disability index (ODI) was used to evaluate the functional recovery of the patients before operation and at last follow-up. Results: The operation was successfully completed in all 26 patients, with an average operation time of 181.9 minutes (range, 130-224 minutes) and an average hospitalization stay of 6.3 days (range, 3-9 days). Hb levels were significantly lower and serum CK levels were significantly higher at 1 day after operation when compared with those before operation ( t=7.594, P<0.001; t=-15.647, P<0.001). No serious complication occurred during and after operation. CT examination at 3 days after operation showed that the percutaneous screw was not in good position in 1 case, and nerve paralysis (pain, numbness) occurred in 2 cases after operation, which were improved within 2 weeks after operation. All the 26 patients were followed up 6-11 months, with an average of 8.7 months. Complete reduction (the slippage reduction rate was 100%) was achieved in 24 patients (92.3%), and partial reduction (the slippage reduction rate was 87.5%) in 2 patients (7.7%). During the follow-up, there was no complication such as incision infection, fusion Cage subsidence or displacement, and internal fixator loosening. The VAS scores of low back pain and leg pain significantly improved at each time point after operation when compared with those before operation ( P<0.05); there was no significant difference in the VAS scores of low back pain and leg pain between at 2 days and 1 week after operation, the VAS scores of low back pain between at 1 week and 2 weeks after operation, and the VAS scores of leg pain between at 2 weeks after operation and last follow-up ( P>0.05); but there was significant difference between the other time points after operation ( P<0.05). ODI and lumbar lordosis angle significantly improved at last follow-up ( P<0.05). Conclusion: UBE-TLIF provides favorable short-term effectiveness and obvious advantages of minimally invasive in the treatment of Meyerding degree Ⅰ or Ⅱ single-segment lumbar spondylolisthesis. However, the safety and long-term effectiveness need to be further studied.


Assuntos
Lordose , Dor Lombar , Fusão Vertebral , Estenose Espinal , Espondilolistese , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Espondilolistese/cirurgia , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Estenose Espinal/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos
20.
J Med Invest ; 69(3.4): 308-311, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36244786

RESUMO

The smiley-face rod method has been reported to be a successful technique for reducing slippage and repairing pars defects in lumbar spondylolisthesis. However, we encountered a patient who developed right L5 radiculopathy with muscle weakness after use of the smiley-face rod method. The patient was a 19-year-old female judo player who had undergone direct repair surgery using the smiley-face rod method for terminal-stage lumbar spondylolysis. Postoperatively, she developed paresthesia on the lateral side of the right thigh with weakness of the right tibialis anterior and extensor hallucis longus. Computed tomography showed right foraminal stenosis at L5 with the floating lamina shifted ventrally and apophyseal ring fracture. In this case, the spondylolysis fracture angle differed between the left and right sides, with the fracture line on the right side running more sagittally. As a result, the floating lamina was shifted ventrally on the right side by compression and the right L5 intervertebral foraminal space was narrowed due to the ventral shift in the floating lamina and the apophyseal ring bone fragment. The shape of the fracture line should be examined carefully before surgery to avoid this technical pitfall. J. Med. Invest. 69 : 308-311, August, 2022.


Assuntos
Radiculopatia , Espondilolistese , Espondilólise , Adulto , Descompressão , Feminino , Humanos , Vértebras Lombares/diagnóstico por imagem , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Espondilolistese/cirurgia , Espondilólise/cirurgia , Adulto Jovem
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