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1.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 28(6): 672-675, Nov.-Dec. 2022. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376762

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Introduction Physical training is a well-known training method in competitive sports. However, in the majority of the physical training classes, the focus is still on the traditional exercises of physical conditioning as strength, speed, resistance, etc., directed for young athletes that are in the growth and development phase, without a literary base to assure actual effectiveness in the load increases for the athletic performance facing the risks in the athletes' physical proprioception. Objective Explores the effect of functional training on the physical sensibility of sports athletes. Methods The data collection method is used in the daily training of six notable athletes in a district sports school: judo, martial arts, wrestling, tennis team, swimming team, and table tennis team, adding the functional training protocol in body movement. Results The average performance of the groups before and after the experiment was collected and confronted, the difference test was performed, and the test result found P>0.05. The athletes in the experimental group not only improved the footwork speed and physical coordination, the movement speed of the footwork and the speed of the connection between movements increased significantly in the sixth week, reflecting more excellent stability and motor coordination in the movements. Proprioception is one of the essential sports qualities of the human body; it is directly related to physical qualities such as speed and strength and is also closely related to the different neural pathways. Conclusion Functional training can improve athletes' physical flexibility and motor coordination; it can also stimulate body proprioceptors, increase athletes' confidence, and make training more efficient and effective. Evidence level II; Therapeutic Studies - Investigating the results.


RESUMO Introdução O treinamento físico é um método de treinamento bastante conhecido em esportes competitivos. Porém, na maioria das aulas de treinamento físico, o foco ainda está nos exercícios tradicionais de condicionamento físico como força, velocidade, resistência, etc., voltados para jovens atletas que estão em fase de crescimento e desenvolvimento, sem embasamento literário para assegurar uma real eficácia nos aumentos de carga para o desempenho atlético frente aos riscos na propriocepção física dos atletas. Objetivo Explorar o efeito do treinamento funcional na sensibilidade física de atletas esportivos. Métodos O método de coleta de dados é utilizado no treinamento diário de seis diferentes atletas especiais em uma escola de esportes distrital: judô, artes marciais, luta livre, equipe de tênis, equipe de natação e equipe de tênis de mesa, agregando o protocolo de treino funcional em movimento corporal. Resultados O desempenho médio dos grupos antes e depois do experimento foram coletados e confrontados, o teste de diferença foi realizado, sendo o resultado do teste encontrado P>0,05. Os atletas do grupo experimental não apenas melhoraram a velocidade de trabalho com os pés e a coordenação física, a velocidade do movimento do trabalho com os pés e a velocidade da conexão entre os movimentos aumentaram significativamente na sexta semana, refletindo maior estabilidade e coordenação motora nos movimentos. A propriocepção é uma das qualidades esportivas essenciais do corpo humano, não está apenas diretamente relacionada às qualidades físicas, como velocidade e força, mas também está intimamente relacionada as diferentes vias neurais. Conclusão O treinamento funcional pode melhorar a flexibilidade física e a coordenação motora dos atletas; também pode estimular os proprioceptores corporais, aumentar a confiança dos atletas e tornar o treinamento mais eficiente e eficaz. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - Investigação de resultados.


RESUMEN Introducción El entrenamiento físico es un método de entrenamiento muy conocido en los deportes de competición. Sin embargo, en la mayoría de las clases de entrenamiento físico, el enfoque sigue siendo los ejercicios tradicionales de acondicionamiento físico como fuerza, velocidad, resistencia, etc., dirigidos para jóvenes atletas que están en fase de crecimiento y desarrollo, sin base literaria para asegurar una eficacia real en los aumentos de carga para el rendimiento atlético frente a los riesgos en la propiocepción física de los atletas. Objetivo Explorar el efecto del entrenamiento funcional en la sensibilidad física de los deportistas. Métodos El método de recogida de datos se utiliza en el entrenamiento diario de seis atletas especiales diferentes en una escuela deportiva distrital: judo, artes marciales, lucha, equipo de tenis, equipo de natación y equipo de tenis de mesa, añadiendo el protocolo de entrenamiento funcional en el movimiento corporal. Resultados Se recogió el rendimiento medio de los grupos antes y después del experimento y se confrontó, se realizó la prueba de la diferencia y el resultado de la prueba fue P>0,05. Los atletas del grupo experimental no sólo mejoraron la velocidad del trabajo de pies y la coordinación física, sino que la velocidad del movimiento de pies y la velocidad de la conexión entre los movimientos aumentaron significativamente en la sexta semana, lo que refleja una mayor estabilidad y coordinación motora en los movimientos. La propiocepción es una de las cualidades deportivas esenciales del cuerpo humano, no sólo está directamente relacionada con cualidades físicas como la velocidad y la fuerza, sino que también está estrechamente relacionada con las diferentes vías neuronales. Conclusión El entrenamiento funcional puede mejorar la flexibilidad física y la coordinación motora de los atletas; también puede estimular los propioceptores corporales, aumentar la confianza de los atletas y hacer que el entrenamiento sea más eficiente y eficaz. Nivel de evidencia II;Estudios terapéuticos - Investigación de resultados.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Propriocepção/fisiologia , Esportes/fisiologia , Exercício Físico/fisiologia , Atletas , Destreza Motora/fisiologia
2.
J Environ Public Health ; 2022: 6510147, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36089956

RESUMO

Fredric Jameson's cultural theory forms a crucial part of the Western Marxist theory. Jameson's postmodern cultural theory includes cultural expansion, cultural history, cultural hyperspace, cultural ideology, and so on. The cultural expansion includes the outline of popular sports culture. (1) Content: In order to further understand the acceptance of Jameson's cultural theory in China, this paper explores the communication of Jameson's cultural theory in different cultural groups, different regions, and different communication channels in China based on the questionnaire survey in a larger span of social groups. Meanwhile, based on Jameson's theory, it also reveals that sports is an effective way to achieve national stability and rejuvenation. Mainstream culture not only leads fashion, educates the people, serves society, and promotes development but also has the common characteristics of mass culture, commerce, entertainment, popularity, and media dependence. Sports is both mainstream culture and mass culture, which is the positive energy shared by both. (2) Methods: In order to understand the special meaning of Jameson's cultural theory and its influence on Chinese mass culture and sports, this paper systematically explains Jameson's cultural theory and gives a critical explanation to Jameson's cultural theory, different regions, and different communication channels in China based on the questionnaire survey in a large span of mass culture and sports groups. (3) Results: the majority of readers who buy and read Jameson's cultural works are mainly 25-35 years old with high educational background. The top three regions for the number of consumers who buy his papers and books are Zhejiang, Hubei, and Guangzhou; the top three regions in the number of understanding Jameson's cultural theory are Beijing, Shanghai, and Shenzhen; 41.62% of the respondents only know Jameson's name but have not been exposed to his work; and 34.59% of the respondents have learned about his work through news feeds. (4) Conclusion: the influence of Jameson's cultural theory on Chinese mass culture and sports community is on the rise. Systematic sorting and interpretation of Jameson's cultural knowledge can provide support for Chinese mass culture and mass sports culture to carry forward socialist cultural thoughts.


Assuntos
Esportes , Desenvolvimento Sustentável , Adulto , China , Humanos , Cultura Popular , Inquéritos e Questionários
3.
J Environ Public Health ; 2022: 9127539, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36089970

RESUMO

The understanding of sports event risk and Olympic sports cooperation spirit, as well as the systematic analysis and research of sports event risk management, are still in their early stages in China's sports theory circle. Institutions for developing sports talent also disregard programmes designed to increase the risk awareness and Olympic spirit of sports workers. This essay provides an overview of the concepts of sports event risk and Olympic sports cooperation spirit based on reality. This paper examines the interaction of risk management of large-scale sporting events and Olympic sports cooperation spirit from the perspective of event organization managers, using the pertinent theory of risk management and the random forest algorithm in machine learning. The experimental results show that, according to the analysis of injury occurrence according to different positions, it is discovered that forward athletes suffer the most injuries, with an average of 54 forwards in injury situations, followed by guards with an average of 43 guards in injury situations, and finally centres with an average of 38 guards in injury situations. Combining risk management for major sporting events with the cooperative Olympic sports spirit has significant practical implications.


Assuntos
Traumatismos em Atletas , Esportes , Traumatismos em Atletas/epidemiologia , Traumatismos em Atletas/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Gestão de Riscos
4.
J Environ Public Health ; 2022: 1381464, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36089971

RESUMO

Chinese traditional sports are diverse and have rich national cultural connotations. However, with the development of China's Health Strategy, modern sports such as badminton and basketball occupy most of the people's time. On the contrary, there is much less exercise for traditional Chinese sports. Therefore, this paper aims to study Chinese traditional sports under China's Health Strategy and explore its cultural soft power. In this study, participants of all ages in different regions were selected for survey research. Combined with the survey results, the soft power index model of Chinese traditional sports culture is designed. The experimental results showed that for Chinese traditional cultural projects, the cultural soft power index of chui wan was the lowest at 0.568, and the highest was 0.982 in the dragon boat culture soft power index. For each evaluation index, the cultural cognition and cultural attractiveness of Chinese traditional sports were high, but the cultural behavioral power was low. This shows that the soft power model of Chinese traditional sports culture based on the healthy China strategic environment can effectively evaluate the development of traditional Chinese sports, which also can provide suggestions for the development and inheritance of traditional Chinese sports.


Assuntos
Esportes , China , Exercício Físico , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários
5.
BMC Public Health ; 22(1): 1753, 2022 09 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36114474

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Unhealthy diets are a leading contributor to obesity, disability and death worldwide. One factor cited as contributing to rises in obesity rates is the pervasive and ubiquitous marketing of unhealthy foods and beverages (F&Bs) across a variety of mediums, such as sport sponsorship at both professional and amateur levels. Despite increased academic attention on the detrimental impacts of sport sponsorship within the obesogenic environment, this has not been matched by legislative action. One explanation may be the way that F&B corporations' sport sponsorship is framed within policy debates. Framing is the deliberate ways in which (often contested) issues are presented in communication. This paper examines how sport sponsorship by F&B corporations is framed through media reports. METHODS: This study employed a mixed methods content and framing analysis. First, we conducted a quantitative newsprint content analysis (n = 234). This then informed and directed a thematic framing analysis of a sub-set of articles (n = 54) that specifically associated sport sponsorship by F&B corporations with obesity and childhood obesity. RESULTS: The findings suggest that two competing frames are evident within newspaper coverage: 1) public health and 2) industry. The public health frame rejects the sponsorship of sport by High in Fat Sugar and Salt (HFSS) product corporations in particular, calling for such sponsorship to be restricted or banned. The industry frame characterises sponsorship of sport as a form of corporate social responsibility, positioning industry as good moral actors and part of the solution to childhood and adult obesity. These frames are evident across other Unhealthy Commodity Industries (UCIs) policy debates. However, the prominence of industry actors within the sample is potentially indicative of their discursive power within this space, particularly with their emphasis on the financial maintenance of sport as well as encouraging physical activity, contributing to the lack of regulatory development of sport sponsorship by F&B corporations. CONCLUSIONS: The findings of this study are particularly useful for public health organisations who seek regulatory change, as it may provide further insight into countering industry framing practices, raising the salience of regulation of sport sponsorship and thus increasing the likelihood of regulatory development that seeks to improve population health.


Assuntos
Obesidade Pediátrica , Esportes , Adulto , Bebidas , Criança , Alimentos , Humanos , Açúcares
6.
Comput Intell Neurosci ; 2022: 8159045, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36120694

RESUMO

The development of three-dimensional reconstruction technology with cultural heritage in traditional sports allows an accurate portrayal of this aspect of life. Cultural heritage can be documented, recovered, and shown with the tools and techniques. It is an important aspect of self-determination and the ability of marginalized groups to engage in social and cultural life fully. The most challenging aspects of national cultural sports heritage in reconstruction, including armed conflict and war, improper disposal, pollution, poaching, natural disasters, and destruction of heritage sites, have been determined. This article introduces (SCH-AI) new technology for sports cultural heritage (SCH), which develops an improved artificial intelligence (AI) that helps reduce armed conflict and war and promotes tolerance toward religions and people. Athletics improves by bringing individuals together in a social and economic context. Sports engagement boosts community health and productivity. When a clustering algorithm is used, it analyses the data that were provided identifying organic clusters or patterns in the space of features. Clustering is the process of dividing data into distinct subsets. The scenario depicts a strength and conditioning coach who wishes to establish alternative training in sports regimens for players with varying refinement sprint timing. The research of SCH-AI has many advantages; accessing traditional games is regarded as the ideal platform for promoting peace, harmony, and cultural heritage preservation. Sports are also part of the steps to recognize and preserve the rights of people, and it is the protection of their cultural legacy. Cultural heritage gives users a sense of belonging and harmony within a community and a greater understanding of earlier generations and their history.


Assuntos
Inteligência Artificial , Esportes , Análise por Conglomerados , Humanos , Imageamento Tridimensional , Saúde Pública
7.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 15559, 2022 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36114235

RESUMO

Mental rotation (MR) is a spatial skill considered to be a key-component of intellectual ability. Studies have suggested that the response time (RT) in a MR task (MRt) might be influenced, with possible gender differences, by the practice of a physical activity (PA) and depending on the plane, direction, degrees of the MR and the frame of reference to perform it. The present study aimed at examining the respective influences of all these variables on the RT by developing a linear mixed-effect model from the RTs varying according to the MR plane, direction, degrees and frame of reference. The MRt was performed by 96 males and females, all undergraduate students, distributed in three groups (sedentary subjects, artistic gymnasts, and futsal players). The results showed that only gender had a main effect (faster log RT in males), probably task-dependent. The other variables interacted among them showing that: (a) the log RT may be influenced by rotations experienced during PA, in particular during the locomotion on a horizontal ground and (b) such influence mainly depends on the compatibility of the physical rotations experienced with the plane and the degrees of the MRt.


Assuntos
Esportes , Cognição/fisiologia , Exercício Físico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Tempo de Reação/fisiologia , Fatores Sexuais
9.
PLoS One ; 17(9): e0274577, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36103494

RESUMO

The core competency of patient-centered care (PCC) states that for positive patient outcomes, the provider must respect the patient's views and recognize their experiences. The Athletic Training Strategic Alliance Research Agenda Task Force identified a profession-wide belief that examining the extent to which athletic trainers (ATs) provide PCC in their clinical practice would benefit the profession. To first address this line of inquiry, we must study the subjectivity of how ATs view PCC. This study used Q methodology which is a research design that collects data from participants from a quantitative and qualitative perspective. A total of 115 (males = 62, females = 53, age = 37±10 y, experience = 13±10 y) ATs dispersed between 11 job settings volunteered for this study. Participants were asked to pre-sort (agree, disagree, neutral) 36 validated statements representing the 8 dimensions of PCC, then completed a Q-sort where they dragged-and-dropped the pre-sorted statements based on perceived importance in providing PCC. The Q-sorts were analyzed using QMethod software. A principal component analysis was used to identify statement rankings and factors. Factors were determined by an Eigenvalue > 1 and analyzed using a scree plot. The 6 highest selected statements per factor were assessed to create the distinguishing viewpoints. Two distinguishing viewpoints emerged from the factor analysis of the Q-sorts: 1) the interpersonal connection that valued teamwork, open communication, and respectful care with varied populations; 2) the holistic gatekeeper that valued personal promotion for activities of daily living, self-care, and quality of life. Overall, ATs value patient's preferences and respect. However, a lack of importance was identified for incorporating the disablement model which is a core competency and adopted framework by the athletic training profession.


Assuntos
Qualidade de Vida , Esportes , Atividades Cotidianas , Adulto , Análise Fatorial , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Assistência Centrada no Paciente , Esportes/educação
10.
J Environ Public Health ; 2022: 2621476, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36105511

RESUMO

With the development of society, the number of autistic children in China is increasing, which not only makes the family's happiness very low, but also seriously affects the development of teenagers and society. Among the symptoms of autistic children, early childhood communication skills have received extensive attention. In traditional rehabilitation training, with a lack of parents' participation, most of the training cannot arouse the interest of autistic children, so the treatment effect is not obvious. Based on this, this paper proposes the application of family sports games to improve the early communication ability of autistic children. This article aims to investigate the role of family sports games in promoting the development of early communication skills in autistic children. This paper uses the fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method to score the comprehensive ability of family sports games. The experimental results of this paper show that before the experiment, the comprehensive scores of children's communication ability in the control group and the experimental group were 18.92 and 18, respectively, which were generally low, and there was no significant difference. This shows that the communication skills of the two groups of children before the experiment are relatively poor. After the test, the children's comprehensive score of communication ability in the experimental group increased by 35.8 points, and the difference was significant, indicating that family sports games have a great impact on the development of children's communication ability.


Assuntos
Transtorno Autístico , Esportes , Adolescente , Transtorno Autístico/diagnóstico , Transtorno Autístico/etiologia , Transtorno Autístico/terapia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China , Comunicação , Humanos
11.
Comput Intell Neurosci ; 2022: 1227981, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36105639

RESUMO

The current situation of China's sports public service is not very satisfactory. This research analyzes not only the operation characteristics of the public sports service supply mode but also the connotation mechanism of the public sports service collaborative supply. The article also constructs the mechanism elements and the index system of the public sports service collaborative supply from the perspective of the genetic algorithm. Taking the eastern and central regions as research cases, this paper analyzes the actual situation of the collaborative supply of public sports services, and further explores the gap between urban and rural public sports. It puts forward the ideas and strategic paths for the innovative development of the collaborative supply model of public sports services. This research uses descriptive statistical analysis on the evaluation results of public sports service quality to examine the actual performance value of public sports service quality in various regions and uses the characteristics of different fitness of genetic algorithms to select the optimal supply and demand of public sports services in different regions. By analyzing the characteristics of insufficient supply and demand of public sports services in various regions, an optimal genetic algorithm model is constructed, and then combined with the scope of the study area and the number of people in the area, the genetic algorithm is used to continuously optimize until a set of optimal solutions appears, thus completing the optimal configuration of public sports services. The optimal path for the development of public sports in different regions is obtained, so as to promote the development of regional public sports. The study found that the satisfaction of sports funds in primary and middle schools in the east and middle is not very high, and the satisfaction with sports funds in middle schools is higher than that in primary schools, but only 50% of schools choose that sports funds are basically sufficient. The difference in satisfaction with sports funding in middle schools in the eastern and central regions is not obvious, and the satisfaction with sports funding in primary schools in the eastern region is higher than that in the central region. Judging from the amount of sports expenditures filled in by schools, 2000-3000 yuan per school year for primary schools and 4000-5000 yuan for middle schools are more common. Based on the calculation of 1,000 students in a school, the per capita sports expenditure is less than 10 yuan, which is very limited for sports training. This research will help to change the service concept and scientific decision-making and change the supply mode of sports public services. It will establish not only a vertical, complete, and horizontally smooth organizational structure and coordination mechanism but also a clear strategy for equalization of urban and rural sports public services.


Assuntos
Esportes , Adaptação Psicológica , Humanos , Instituições Acadêmicas , Esportes/educação , Estudantes
12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36078403

RESUMO

Handball is a team sport involving a great physical demand from its practitioners in which a high number of injuries occur, affecting individual and collective performance. Knowledge of the injuries is of great importance for their prevention. The objective of the present study was to identify, locate and compare the most frequent injuries and injury mechanisms in handball practice. It was carried out following the Preferred Informed Item for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis (PRISMA) guidelines. The source of data collection was direct consultation of the PubMed and Medline databases. Several keywords were used for the documentary retrieval, and the quality of the studies that were selected was evaluated. Of the 707 studies retrieved, only 27 were considered appropriate for the review, and quality scores were obtained that ranged from 10 to 26 points, out of a maximum of 28. The most frequent injuries in handball players are located in the lower limbs (thigh, knee and ankle), and in the shoulder in the upper limbs. Regarding the playing position, the players who play over the 6-m line are the most affected by injuries, while the women players have a higher probability of injury. Most injuries occur during competition.


Assuntos
Traumatismos em Atletas , Esportes , Traumatismos em Atletas/epidemiologia , Traumatismos em Atletas/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho , Extremidade Inferior , Masculino , Ombro
13.
Clin J Sport Med ; 32(5): e508-e512, 2022 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36083336

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Current equestrian sport-related acute injury research is sparse. The goal of this study is to explore equestrian injury types stratified by population and equestrian discipline. DESIGN: Injury reports from the US Equestrian Federation (USEF) were compiled from 2015 through 2019, and the prevalence of different injury types within the main equestrian disciplines was calculated. SETTING: Retrospective cohort study from USEF accident report data. PARTICIPANTS: Athletes competing at USEF sanctioned equestrian events. INDEPENDENT VARIABLES: Equestrian participant's age group, sex, and equestrian event type are the independent variables. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Frequency of types of injuries in equestrian events stratified by equestrian discipline, age (junior vs senior), and sex. RESULTS: Three thousand four hundred thirty equestrian athletes injured from 441 816 total athlete exposures during 2015 to 2019 were analyzed showing an injury rate between 0.06% and 1.18% for each discipline with an overall injury rate of 780 per 100 000 athlete exposures. Hunter-jumper and 3-day eventing had the highest injury rates. Head injuries and bone injuries were the most common types. No clinically significant differences in injury rates were observed between males and females or junior and senior equestrian athletes. CONCLUSIONS: Equestrian sports have an overall injury rate of 780 per 100 000 athlete exposures in the certified competition setting. Hunter-jumper and 3-day eventing have an increased injury rate compared with nonjumping disciplines. These data should help equestrian event clinicians to anticipate the types of injuries and help outpatient clinicians make preparticipation medical eligibility and assist in counseling for equestrian sports.


Assuntos
Traumatismos em Atletas , Esportes , Atletas , Traumatismos em Atletas/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos
14.
Exerc Sport Sci Rev ; 50(4): 173-174, 2022 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36095072
15.
Pediatr Ann ; 51(9): e330-e337, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36098612

RESUMO

Musculoskeletal injuries are a common reason for emergency department and primary care visits in the pediatric population. The prevalence of these injuries is likely related to children and adolescents participating in sports activities, physical activity, and exercise that can lead to these injuries. It is important for health care professionals and practitioners to understand the assessment, evaluation, and treatment of musculoskeletal injuries, but also to understand when to refer for expert consultation. [Pediatr Ann. 2022;51(9):e330-337.].


Assuntos
Traumatismos em Atletas , Esportes , Adolescente , Traumatismos em Atletas/diagnóstico , Traumatismos em Atletas/epidemiologia , Traumatismos em Atletas/etiologia , Criança , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Humanos
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36078186

RESUMO

Preliminary studies have reported that motor control is negatively impacted following an infection of COVID-19. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of COVID-19 on maintaining balance in highly skilled athletes. As part of a larger investigation that was initiated in 2019, twelve professional handball players were recruited to participate in a study that was designed to measure static balance performance. Following the initial pre-test, six participants (body height 184.8 ± 4.7 cm; body weight 85.5 ± 3.3 kg; age 21.3 ± 1.2 years) were infected with COVID-19. The remaining six participants (body height 188.7 ± 2.6 cm; body weight 92.3 ± 3.7 kg; age 26.3 ± 3.3 years) never tested positive for COVID-19 and were presumably not infected with the virus. The experimental design required all the participants to complete an initial balance assessment (pre-test) and a later balance assessment (post-test). To fully analyze our data, we conducted a 2 (condition: COVID, no-COVID) X 2 (test: pre-test, post-test) ANOVA with repeated measures on the second factor. Our analysis revealed that the skilled athletes who contracted COVID-19 had a significant decrease in balance performance from the pre-test that occurred prior to being infected with COVID-19 relative to the post-test that occurred following the COVID-19 infection. Additionally, the skilled athletes who were not infected with COVID-19 did not demonstrate the same deterioration in balance performance in the same period. This study highlights the impact COVID-19 has on static balance performance in a group of highly skilled handball players. Longitudinal studies are needed to fully understand the lasting impacts COVID-19 has on motor behavior.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Esportes , Adulto , Atletas , Estatura , Peso Corporal , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Humanos , Adulto Jovem
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36078224

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous kickboxing studies conducted over the last three decades have focused on improving performance through physical fitness characteristics; however, most of the research focused on men. The objective of this study is to assess the level of physical fitness of Slovak and Polish female kickboxers in the highest sport level as well as to compare the differences between them. METHODS: The study included 20 female kickboxers on the highest level of sport performance, 10 from Slovakia (body mass-53.59; height-166.45) and 10 from Poland (body mass-60.35; height -169.95), from senior categories, with a mean age of 23 ± 2. The selection criteria included training experience and sports level. The level of physical fitness was evaluated by the following tests: Cooper's test, 50 m sprint, sit-ups, flexed arm hang and standing long jump. Technical and tactical indicators were used to assess the sports skill level during the competition. RESULTS: The test results of both groups are very comparable based on the evaluated data of Kruskal-Wallis ANOVA. The attack activity index together with sit-ups demonstrated statistically significant differences (p < 0.05) between Slovak and Polish kickboxers. A strong positive correlation was proven between technical and tactical indicators and physical fitness tests in the results of both groups. CONCLUSIONS: There exists a positive correlation between the technical and tactical indicators of kickboxers and the explosive strength of lower limbs, strength endurance, abdominal muscle strength, speed and aerobic endurance. Differences between Slovak and Polish kickboxers have been shown in the attack activity index and in the level of strength endurance. The level of speed and explosive power of the lower limbs was comparable in both groups of kickboxers.


Assuntos
Aptidão Física , Esportes , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Força Muscular/fisiologia , Aptidão Física/fisiologia , Polônia , Eslováquia , Esportes/fisiologia , Adulto Jovem
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36078376

RESUMO

(1) Background: The subject of athlete burnout is often discussed among sports psychologists. Interventions to reduce this phenomenon are still under investigation with follow-ups. Thus, the purpose of the current meta-analysis is to examine psychological interventions that was carried out to decrease or eliminate burnout syndrome in young athletes. (2) Methods: Scientific electronic databases were searched, and five published studies published between January and June 2022 that met the criteria were selected. The systematic review and meta-analyses followed the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. The Cochrane collaboration tool for assessing the risk of bias was used to assess the studies' quality. Metafor, a package of the R statistical program, was used to perform the analysis. (3) Results: Cognitive behavioral therapy- and mindfulness-based interventions effectively reduced most dimensions of burnout. Moreover, online interventions were significantly more beneficial in this reduction. (4) Conclusions: There should be more high-quality studies on the effectiveness of psychological interventions in reducing burnout, mainly because it leads to tremendous physical and psychological problems for athletes and their coaches; therefore, it requires particular interventions and prevention strategies.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional , Atenção Plena , Esportes , Adolescente , Atletas/psicologia , Esgotamento Profissional/prevenção & controle , Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia , Esgotamento Psicológico/terapia , Humanos , Atenção Plena/métodos
19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36078437

RESUMO

This study aims to investigate table tennis players' personality traits and motives in the frame of the Big Five personality model and the self-determination theory (SDT) of motivation. A total of 447 Italian table tennis players ranging in level of play between the regional and international levels participated in the study. They completed a self-report questionnaire measuring their personality traits and motives to play table tennis. Findings showed conscientiousness as the most distinctive trait of table tennis players. No differences were detected between elite and non-elite players. Table tennis players are mainly motivated by factors belonging to the intrinsic pole of the self-determination motivational continuum. External reinforcements represent a minimal incentive to play this sport both for elite and non-elite athletes. The current findings help clarify the relationships between personality traits, playing certain types of sports, and achieving different performance levels. We conclude by outlining implications for applied sport psychology.


Assuntos
Esportes , Tênis , Humanos , Motivação , Autonomia Pessoal , Personalidade
20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36078483

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to examine the association between physical activity organised in sports clubs, non-organised physical activity, other organised leisure-time activities, and depressive symptoms among adolescents. This study was based on cross-sectional data from the Ungdata survey conducted between 2017 and 2019. The sample comprised 7656 adolescents (aged 13-16 years). Binominal logistic regression was used to analyse the association between the three different leisure-time activities and depressive symptoms. All models were adjusted for gender, family economy, parents' higher education, having friends, alcohol intoxication, and smoking. The odds for symptoms of depression were higher for those who were less physically active in a sports club (OR: 1.34, 95% CI: 1.15-1.57) and in non-organised physical activities (OR: 1.50, 95% CI: 1.29-1.74) and lower for those who participated less in other organised leisure-time activities (OR: 0.79, 95% CI: 0.68-0.92) compared with those who were physically active (sports club and non-organised) and those who participated in other organised leisure-time activities. Our findings suggested that being physically active, both in a sports club and in non-organised activities, was associated with lower odds of depressive symptoms among adolescents. Additional research is needed to confirm a possible causal relationship.


Assuntos
Depressão , Esportes , Adolescente , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/epidemiologia , Exercício Físico , Humanos , Atividades de Lazer
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