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1.
Rev. int. med. cienc. act. fis. deporte ; 20(80): 487-503, dic. 2020. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-198567

RESUMO

El presente estudio examinó los efectos de dos dinámicas de roles (fija y rotativa) sobre los niveles de responsabilidad y competencia intercultural en adolescentes españoles de un contexto socialmente vulnerable. Formaron parte del estudio 96 estudiantes de primer curso de educación secundaria (Medad = 12.2) de un centro ubicado en Andalucía (España). Siguiendo un diseño cruzado simple, cuasi-experimental y con medidas repetidas (pretest-post1-post2), los participantes asistieron a dos unidades didácticas consecutivas con Educación Deportiva sobre baloncesto y floorball, respectivamente. Se recabó información mediante entrevistas semi-estructuradas y cuestionarios. Se evidenció un mayor impacto de los roles fijos en la responsabilidad social y en las variables interculturales (sensibilidad y comportamiento), con especial incidencia en varones. Ligeras consecuencias negativas fueron halladas en los niveles de responsabilidad de estudiantes de sexo femenino. Se desvela la importancia de asumir roles fijos en contextos socialmente vulnerables, así como en experiencias iniciales con Educación Deportiva


This paper examines the effect of two different roles' strategies (permanent and rotating) on Spanish adolescents' responsibility and intercultural competence levels. Following a quasi-experimental, simple crossover design with repeated measures (pretest-post1-post2), 96 high school students (Mage = 12.2) and one teacher participated part in two consecutive Sport Education-based teaching units of basketball and floorball, respectively. Data was collected through semi-structured interviews and questionnaires. Permanent roles were associated with improvements on social responsibility and intercultural variables (sensibility and behavior), especially in males. There are slightly negative consequences on female' responsibility levels. Findings reveal and emphasize the importance of using permanent roles when dealing with socially vulnerable contexts, as well as first experiences with Sport Education


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Adolescente , Esportes/educação , Esportes/normas , Competência Cultural , Papel (figurativo) , Modelos Educacionais , Educação Física e Treinamento/normas , Inquéritos e Questionários , Responsabilidade Social
2.
Apunts, Med. esport (Internet) ; 55(208): 143-145, oct.-dic. 2020. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-195731

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Due to the mandatory use of a mask, and the authorization to do outdoor sports in Catalonia, we aimed to assess the physiological impact of the hypercapnia hypoxia generated by the masks during aerobic sports practice. METHODS: Eight subjects (2 women, 6 men) were assessed at baseline with and without a mask, and immediately after a 21-flex test performed following the Ruffier protocol with a mask. Measures of HR (heart rate), concentration of O2 and CO2 inside the mask and SatO2 were assessed. The test was carried out in ambient air in squares in the city of Barcelona. RESULTS: A decrease in O2 was recorded, and when comparing the, baseline 20.9%, baseline mask 18.3%, post-exercise 17.8% (p < 0.001). An increase in CO2 in the three preconditions (464, 14162, 17000ppm; p < 0.001). Basal saturation O2 was 97.6±1.5% and post exercise 92.1±4.12% (p 0.02). CONCLUSIONS: The use of masks in athletes causes hypoxic and hypercapnic breathing as evidenced by increased effort during exercise. The use of masks during a short exercise with an intensity around 6-8 METS, decreases O2 by 3.7% and increases the CO2 concentration by 20%


No disponible


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Máscaras , Esportes/normas , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Exercício Físico/fisiologia , Dispositivos de Proteção Respiratória/tendências , Hipóxia/prevenção & controle , Hipercapnia/prevenção & controle , Consumo de Oxigênio/fisiologia , Análise de Variância
3.
Rev. int. med. cienc. act. fis. deporte ; 20(79): 419-434, sept. 2020. graf, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-197046

RESUMO

El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar las demandas físicas de la competición en pádel de iniciación, y observar la influencia de diferentes tipos de pelota Dieciséis jugadores de pádel en iniciación participaron en este estudio. Cada judador portó un pulsómetro durante el partido. Se utilizaron cuestionarios al término de cada partido para evaluar el esfuerzo percibido y la satisfacción. Los resultados no mostraron diferencias significativas en la estructura temporal de los partidos. Se encontraron diferencias (p < 0,001) entre los partidos con pelota normal y pelota de baja presión tanto en la frecuencia cardiaca media (145,43 ppm vs 140,19 ppm) como en el %FCmáx (72,47 vs 69,85). Los jugadores mostraron mayor satisfacción en el uso de pelotas de baja presión. Estos datos pueden ser de utilidad para determinar el uso de un tipo de pelota u otra y mejorar la planificación del entrenamiento específico en jóvenes jugadores de pádel


The aim of this study was to analyze the physical demands in padel initiation stage and to observe the influence of playing with different type of padel balls. Sixteen padel players at initiation stage participated in this study. Players wore a heart rate (HR) monitor. Perceived exertion and satisfaction questionnaires were administrated at the end of the matches. No differences were found in the match temporal structure. Playing with official balls caused a significant increase in HR (p < 0.001) both in average and maximal values (Average HR: 145 bpm, %HRmax: 72.5%) comparing to low-compression balls (Average HR: 140 bpm, %HRmax: 69.9%). In addition, players showed higher satisfaction when using low-compression balls. This information may have implications to determine the use of normal balls or low-compression balls and the design of specific training programmes for young padel players


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Teste de Esforço , Movimento , Esportes com Raquete/fisiologia , Condicionamento Físico Humano/fisiologia , Desempenho Atlético , Atividade Motora/fisiologia , Destreza Motora/fisiologia , Estudos Transversais , Análise e Desempenho de Tarefas , Esportes/normas
4.
Rev. int. med. cienc. act. fis. deporte ; 20(79): 435-451, sept. 2020. graf, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-197047

RESUMO

Esta investigación plantea como objetivo principal diseñar un instrumento de registro que permita describir y relacionar tres niveles de acción del balonmano (juego de equipo, juego grupal y juego individual), vinculándolos al contexto de competición y atendiendo a su eficacia. Siguiendo las directrices de la metodología observacional se opta por un sistema combinado de formatos de campo y sistema de categorías, utilizando un diseño de investigación de carácter ideográfico, puntual y multidimensional. Se utiliza como instrumento de registro el software Dartfish TeamPro V.4.5 para analizar siete partidos de categoría absoluta, y siete partidos de categoría infantil, generándose datos de tipo concurrente y de evento. Se aplican técnicas estadísticas descriptivas e inferenciales bivariadas para el análisis relacional de los datos. Destacamos los resultados que constatan la asociación entre sistemas de juego y procedimientos colectivos tanto ofensivos como defensivos, y la dificultad en establecer relaciones significativas entre el ataque y la defensa


The main aim of this research was to design a recording tool that allows describing and relating three levels of action in team handball (team play, group play and individual play), linking them to the competition context and taking their effectiveness into account. Following the guidelines of observational methodology, we selected a combined system of field formats and system of categories, using an ideographic, specific and multidimensional research design. Dartfish TeamPro V.4.5 software, was used as a recording instrument to analyse seven matches in the top category, and seven matches in the children's category, generating concurrent and event data. Bivariate descriptive and inferential statistical techniques were used for the relational analysis of the data. The results confirmed the association between game systems and collective procedures, both offensive and defensive, as well as the difficulty to establish significant relationships between attack and defense


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Adolescente , Atletas , Esportes/fisiologia , Treinamento de Resistência/métodos , Equipamentos Esportivos/normas , Eficácia , Desempenho Físico Funcional , Análise de Variância , Esportes/normas
5.
Rev. int. med. cienc. act. fis. deporte ; 20(79): 487-506, sept. 2020. graf, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-197050

RESUMO

El objetivo de este trabajo se centra en construir y validar una herramienta que permita, de forma fiable, evaluar el conocimiento de base de jugadores con discapacidad intelectual leve en aspectos de táctica ofensiva en FS, permitiendo usarlo como evaluación inicial complementaria que guíe el proceso de entrenamiento. El tamaño muestral fue de 68 jugadores (Medad=27; SDedad=9.06 y Mexperiencia=11.78; SDexperiencia=1,29). Los resultados muestran valores adecuados de consistencia interna y de fiabilidad (α=0.64, ω=0.74, ICC=0.64 y test-retest). De manera complementaria, se realizó un análisis cualitativo, mediante una entrevista colectiva a un grupo de expertos, sobre la utilidad del instrumento en esta población de deportistas. Los resultados permiten establecer una sólida base para el empleo de este instrumento en futuros estudios


The objective of this work is to build and validate a tool that allows, reliably, evaluate the base knowledge of players with mild intellectual impairment in aspects of offensive tactical in FS, so that it can be used as an additional initial evaluation to guide the training process of coaches. The sample size is constituted by 68 subjects (Mage=27; SDage=9.06 y Mexperience=11.78; SDexperience=1,29). The results show satisfactory internal consistency and reliability values (α=0.64, ω=0.74, ICC=0.64 and test-retest). In a complementary manner, a qualitative analysis was carried out, through a collective interview with a group of experts, about the utility of the instrument in this population of athletes. The results allow to establish a solid base for the use of this instrument in future studies


Assuntos
Humanos , Deficiência Intelectual/fisiopatologia , Desempenho Atlético/fisiologia , Esportes/fisiologia , Futebol/fisiologia , Destreza Motora/fisiologia , Esportes para Pessoas com Deficiência/fisiologia , Esportes/normas , Tomada de Decisões , Futebol/educação , Basquetebol , Tênis , Pessoas com Deficiência/psicologia
10.
Rev. int. med. cienc. act. fis. deporte ; 20(77): 1-20, mar. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-194765

RESUMO

La metáfora de la pirámide deportiva (efecto trickle down y trickle up) es utilizada por la administración para justificar la inversión en el deporte de élite. Las evidencias de este efecto son difusas y estudios previos ponen en entredicho su veracidad. Este artículo examina el efecto de esta metáfora en España. Mediante coeficientes de correlaciones de Spearman (ρ), se estudia la relación entre el éxito deportivo y la evolución de las licencias federativas de 23 modalidades deportivas, desde 1992 hasta 2016. Los resultados muestran tres grupos distintos: 1) aquellos con indicios de la posible existencia de los efectos trickle down y up; 2) aquellos que muestran correlaciones negativas entre número de licencias y éxito deportivo; y 3) aquellos que no muestran ninguna relación entre variables. En conclusión, se corrobora que no existe una evidencia clara y generalizada que confirme la existencia de la metáfora de la pirámide deportiva en España


The sports pyramid metaphor (trickle down and trickle up effect) has been used by several governments to justify their public investments in elite sport. The scientific evidence of this effect is fragmented, previous studies question their veracity. This study examines the effect of the sports pyramid metaphor in Spain. Using Spearman's correlation coefficient (ρ), we tested for possible relationships between sporting success and the evolution of the federation membership history of 23 sports modalities during 1992-2016. According to results, three different groups of sports could be identified: 1) those that could be assumed to present both trickle down and up effects; 2) those with negative correlations between sporting success and membership figures; and 3) sports that do not show any relationships between those variables. As a conclusion, it is stated that there is no clear and generalized evidence to confirm the existence of the sport pyramid metaphor in Spain


Assuntos
Humanos , Desempenho Atlético , Esportes/normas , Motivação , Esportes/classificação , Espanha , Estatísticas não Paramétricas
11.
Curr Sports Med Rep ; 19(2): 45-49, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32028347

RESUMO

The recent explosion of wearable technology and the associated concerns prompted the International Federation of Sports Medicine (FIMS) to create a quality assurance standard for wearable devices, which provides commissioned testing of marketing claims and endorsement of commercial wearables that test favorably. An open forum as announced in the conference advertising was held at the Annual Meeting of the New England Regional Chapter of the American College of Sports Medicine (NEACSM) November 7 to 8, 2019, in Providence, Rhode Island, USA for attending NEACSM members to voice their input on the process. Herein, we report the proceedings. The round table participants perceived the quality assurance standard to be important, but identified some practical process challenges that included the broad scope and complexity of the device universe, the need for a multiphase testing pathway, and the associated fees for product evaluation. The participants also supported the evaluation of device data analysis, behavioral influences, and user experience in the overall evaluation. Looking forward, the FIMS quality assurance standard faces the challenge of balancing these broader perspectives with practical constraints of budget, facilities, time, and human resources.


Assuntos
Monitores de Aptidão Física/normas , Medicina Esportiva/normas , Esportes/normas , Dispositivos Eletrônicos Vestíveis/normas , Humanos , New England
12.
J Phys Act Health ; 17(4): 464-470, 2020 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32106077

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: European Union member countries agreed on 23 health-enhancing physical activity (HEPA) policy measures in 2013; however, the implementation of these measures varies considerably between countries. Hitherto, no evaluations have yet addressed the efficacy of these policies. METHODS: Using a quantitative cross-country comparative approach and based on aggregate Eurobarometer data, this paper presents country-level associations between HEPA measures and the level of sports participation, the gender and educational inequalities of sports participation, and the change in sports participation from 2009 to 2017. FINDINGS: The number of implemented HEPA policy measures is associated with higher levels and smaller social inequalities of sports participation in European Union countries. Moreover, HEPA measures correlate with more positive time trends in sports participation from 2009 to 2017. CONCLUSION: In addition to the many influencing factors at the individual and social levels, these findings lend support to the notion that sports participation can also be promoted at the national level by implementing specific HEPA policies.


Assuntos
União Europeia/organização & administração , Exercício Físico/fisiologia , Política de Saúde/tendências , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Esportes/normas , Feminino , História do Século XXI , Humanos , Masculino
13.
Nutrients ; 12(2)2020 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31973198

RESUMO

Since 2017, higenamine has been added to the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) prohibited list as a ß2-agonist prohibited at all times for sportspersons. According to WADA's report, positive cases of higenamine misuse have been increasing yearly. However, higenamine occurs naturally in the Chinese herb lotus plumule-the green embryo of lotus (Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn) seeds-commercially available as concentrated powder on the Asian market. This study evaluated the major phytochemical components of lotus plumule products using an appropriate extraction method, followed by a human study in which the products were orally administered in multiple doses to investigate the risk of doping violations. Comparing various extraction methods revealed that optimized microwave-assisted extraction exhibited the highest extraction efficiency (extraction time, 26 min; power, 1046 W; and temperature, 120 °C). Subsequently, the alkaloids in lotus plumule products were quantitatively confirmed and compared. Human study participants (n = 6) consumed 0.8 g of lotus plumule (equivalent to 679.6 µg of higenamine) three times daily for three consecutive days. All participants' urinary higenamine concentrations exceeded the WADA reporting cut-off of 10.0 ng/mL. Accordingly, lotus plumule consumption may engender adverse analytical findings regarding higenamine. Athletes should avoid consuming lotus plumule-containing products during in- and out-of-competition periods.


Assuntos
Alcaloides/análise , Lotus/química , Substâncias para Melhoria do Desempenho/análise , Compostos Fitoquímicos/análise , Extratos Vegetais/química , Tetra-Hidroisoquinolinas/análise , Adulto , Doping nos Esportes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Esportes/normas
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31940764

RESUMO

Physical education (PE), by its own characteristics, is a subject where social communication is especially promoted. However, it is necessary to have tools that evaluate the social behaviour of students during PE classes. For this reason, we propose to validate and adapt the Prosocial and Antisocial Behavior in Sport Scale to the Spanish context of PE classes. The study involved 1081 students aged 12 to 18 (M = 14.83; SD = 1.27). The psychometric properties of the Prosocial Behavior Scale were analyzed through several statistical analyses. The results of the confirmatory factorial analysis and the exploratory factorial analysis supported the internal structure of the questionnaire. In addition, the scale was invariant to gender. Cronbach's alpha values were higher than 0.70 in the factors and sub-factors, finally showing adequate levels of temporal stability. Taking into account the results achieved in the present study, PE teachers have an effective tool to assess the social and antisocial behaviour of their students' students during PE classes.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Adolescente/psicologia , Transtorno da Personalidade Antissocial/epidemiologia , Educação Física e Treinamento/normas , Esportes/normas , Estudantes/psicologia , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Logro , Adolescente , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Comportamento Social , Espanha/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
16.
J Athl Train ; 55(1): 80-87, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31756132

RESUMO

CONTEXT: Secondary schools (SSs) inconsistently adopt emergency action plans (EAPs) for athletics. OBJECTIVE: To describe the barriers, facilitators, and social determinants influencing EAP adoption in SSs in the United States. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Secondary schools. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS: A national sample of athletic trainers (ATs; n = 9642) and athletic directors (ADs; n = 9687) were invited to participate in a Web-based questionnaire. A total of 1273 (13.2%) ATs and 702 (9.2%) ADs responded to the survey. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): The questionnaire addressed self-reported barriers to, facilitators of, and social determinants (eg, locale, funding classification [eg, public or private SS]) of EAP adoption. The responses of ATs and ADs were analyzed separately. Barriers, facilitators, and social determinants were evaluated using descriptive statistics. Contingency (2 × 2) tables were used to calculate the odds ratios (ORs) of adopting an EAP and the presence of each social determinant. RESULTS: Perceived barriers to implementation were a lack of knowledge about how to implement an EAP and financial limitations. Facilitators were having access to health care personnel, state mandates, and support from a person in an authoritative position. Compared with ATs at rural schools, ATs at suburban schools displayed greater odds of having an EAP (χ2 = 5.63, P = .01, OR = 1.63 [95% confidence interval = 1.08, 2.44]). According to the ADs' responses, a larger SS enrollment (≥500) led to greater odds of adopting an EAP (OR = 2.02 [95% confidence interval = 1.41, 2.89]). CONCLUSIONS: Perceived barriers to EAP adoption suggest that ATs and ADs need to be educated so they can provide additional information on the low cost of EAP adoption. Further, ADs described state mandates as facilitators to improve EAP adoption; therefore, efforts to educate state leaders about the need for mandated policies may be warranted. Certain social determinants (eg, school enrollment) may affect EAP adoption, but not every proposed determinant significantly affected adoption.


Assuntos
Serviços Médicos de Emergência/organização & administração , Serviços de Saúde Escolar/organização & administração , Instituições Acadêmicas , Esportes , Barreiras de Comunicação , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Determinação de Necessidades de Cuidados de Saúde , Melhoria de Qualidade , Instituições Acadêmicas/normas , Instituições Acadêmicas/estatística & dados numéricos , Determinantes Sociais da Saúde , Esportes/economia , Esportes/normas , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estados Unidos
18.
J Athl Train ; 54(12): 1229-1236, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31714144

RESUMO

CONTEXT: California is currently the only state that does not regulate who can and cannot call themselves athletic trainers (ATs). Therefore, previous national or state-specific investigations may not have provided an accurate representation of AT availability at the secondary school level in California. Similarly, it is unknown whether the factors that influence AT availability in California, such as socioeconomic status, are similar to or different from those identified in previous studies. OBJECTIVE: To describe the availability of ATs certified by the Board of Certification in California secondary schools and to examine potential factors influencing access to AT services in California secondary schools. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Online survey. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS: Representatives of 1270 California high schools. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Officials from member schools completed the 2017-2018 California Interscholastic Federation Participation Census. Respondents provided information regarding school type, student and student-athlete enrollment, whether the school had ATs on staff, and whether the ATs were certified by the Board of Certification. The socioeconomic status of public and charter schools was determined using the percentage of students eligible for free or reduced-price lunch. RESULTS: More than half (54.6%) of schools reported that they either did not employ ATs (47.6%) or employed unqualified health personnel (UHP) in the role of AT (7.0%). Nearly 30% of student-athletes in California participated in athletics at a school that did not employ ATs (n = 191 626, 28.9%) and 8% of student-athletes participated at a school that employed UHP in the role of AT (n = 54 361, 8.2%). Schools that reported employing ATs had a lower proportion of students eligible for free or reduced-price lunch than schools that did not employ ATs and schools that employed UHP (both P values < .001). CONCLUSIONS: With ongoing legislative efforts to obtain regulation of ATs in California, secondary school administrators are encouraged to hire ATs with the proper certification to enhance the patient care provided to student-athletes and improve health outcomes.


Assuntos
Pessoal de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Instituições Acadêmicas/estatística & dados numéricos , Medicina Esportiva/educação , Esportes/educação , Adulto , Atletas/estatística & dados numéricos , California , Certificação , Estudos Transversais , Emprego/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Esportes/normas , Medicina Esportiva/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários
19.
J Athl Train ; 54(12): 1241-1246, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31618072

RESUMO

CONTEXT: The King-Devick (KD) test has received considerable attention in the literature as an emerging concussion assessment. However, important test psychometric properties remain to be addressed in large-scale independent studies. OBJECTIVE: To assess (1) test-retest reliability between trials, (2) test-retest reliability between years 1 and 2, and (3) reliability of the 2 administration modes. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Collegiate athletic training facilities. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS: A total of 3248 intercollegiate student-athletes participated in year 1 (male = 55.3%, age = 20.2 ± 2.3 years, height = 1.78 ± 0.11 m, weight = 80.7 ± 21.0 kg) and 833 participated in both years. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Time, in seconds, to complete the KD error free. The KD test reliability was assessed between trials and between annual tests over 2 years and stratified by test modality (spiral-bound cards [n = 566] and tablet [n = 264]). RESULTS: The KD test was reliable between trials (trial 1 = 43.2 ± 8.3 seconds, trial 2 = 40.8 ± 7.8 seconds; intraclass correlation coefficient [ICC] (2,1) = 0.888, P < .001), between years (year 1 = 40.8 ± 7.4 seconds, year 2 = 38.7 ± 7.7 seconds; ICC [2,1] = 0.827, P < .001), and for both spiral-bound cards (ICC [2,1] = 0.834, P < .001) and tablets (ICC [2,1] = 0.827, P < .001). The mean change between trials for a single test was -2.4 ± 3.8 seconds. Although most athletes improved from year 1 to year 2, 27.1% (226 of 883) of participants demonstrated worse (slower) KD times (3.2 ± 3.9 seconds) in year 2. CONCLUSIONS: The KD test was reliable between trials and years and when stratified by modality. A small improvement of 2 seconds was identified with annual retesting, likely due to a practice effect; however, 27% of athletes displayed slowed performance from year 1 to year 2. These results suggest that the KD assessment was a reliable test with modest learning effects over time and that the assessment modality did not adversely affect baseline reliability.


Assuntos
Traumatismos em Atletas/diagnóstico , Concussão Encefálica/diagnóstico , Testes Neuropsicológicos/normas , Medicina Esportiva/normas , Adolescente , Atletas , Atenção/fisiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Aprendizagem/fisiologia , Masculino , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Esportes/normas , Estudantes , Universidades , Adulto Jovem
20.
Presse Med ; 48(12): 1393-1400, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31471091

RESUMO

An ECG is recommended by the French Society of Cardiology in the screening of a competitive athlete. An intense and prolonged physical activity (>4 hours of intense sport/week) can lead to a physiological electric remodeling. In addition to physical activity (type, intensity, duration), the ECG should be interpreted according to the athlete's ethnicity and age. It is necessary to know the physiological modifications related to sport practice to avoid either false reassurances or the realization of unjustified additional examinations because of a wrong interpretation. The latest athlete ECG classification published in 2017 can be used to identify in which athlete additional tests are recommended (figure 1).


Assuntos
Atletas , Eletrocardiografia , Cardiopatias/diagnóstico , Esportes , Cardiologia/métodos , Cardiologia/normas , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Técnicas de Diagnóstico Cardiovascular/normas , Eletrocardiografia/métodos , Eletrocardiografia/normas , Exercício Físico/fisiologia , Humanos , Programas de Rastreamento/métodos , Programas de Rastreamento/normas , Padrões de Referência , Esportes/normas
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